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Pedro Eugenio Aramburu: Wikis


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Pedro Eugenio Aramburu

In office
November 13, 1955 ‚Äď April 30, 1958
Vice President Isaac Rojas
Preceded by Eduardo Lonardi
Succeeded by Arturo Frondizi

Born May 21, 1903 (1903-05-21)
Río Cuarto, Córdoba
Died June 1, 1970 (1970-07)
Carlos Tejedor, Buenos Aires
Nationality Argentine
Political party Uni√≥n del Pueblo Argentino (Udelpa)
Profession Military

Pedro Eugenio Aramburu Cilveti Army General. Born in Río Cuarto, Córdoba on May 21, 1903. He was a major force behind the military coup against Juan Perón in 1955. He became president of Argentina from November 13, 1955 to May 1, 1958. He was kidnapped by the terrorist organization known as Montoneros on May 29, 1970, and murdered, allegedly in retaliation for his involvement in the June 1956 execution of General Juan José Valle, an Army officer associated with the Peronist movement.


Military career

  • He studied at the National Military College
  • 1922: Sub-lieutenant
  • 1939: Major
  • 1943: Teacher in the Escuela de Guerra
  • 1951: Brigadier
  • Director of the Escuela de Guerra
  • 1955: Commander in Chief of the Army
  • 1958: Lieutenant general.

15 years of anti-Peronist political power

In September 1955, Aramburu participated in a military coup called the "Revolución Libertadora". He led the hardliners, and assumed the Presidency of Argentina himself, on November 13, 1955, with the support of Admiral Isaac ["El Caballo"] Rojas, who became Vice-President.

The "Revolucion Libertadora" which overthrew Juan Domingo Perón was triggered in part by the Perón's public confrontation with the Catholic Church over divorce laws, his actions towards the Press and the Ambassador of the United States, Spruille Braden as well as the imprisonment opposition leaders and economic instability. The Revolución Libertadora led to three years of military rule under Aramburu, who allowed elections to be held in 1958 (won by Arturo Frondizi.)

Aramburu's military government forced Perón into exile and barred the Peronist party from further elections. Known Peronists were persecuted and often imprisoned or murdered. Perón lived in exile in Spain until 1973 under the protection of Generalísimo Francisco Franco.

After the end of his presidential term in 1958, Aramburu retired from the military career and devoted himself entirely to politics.

He ran for president in 1963, forming the "Union del Pueblo Argentino" (UDELPA, Union of the Argentine People), with the slogan: "Vote UDELPA and HE won't return" ("Vote UDELPA y no vuelve"), referring to Perón.

With the Peronists banned, the Presidential elections resulted in Arturo Umberto Illia becoming president, with Aramburu coming in third.

Yet the military retained much real power, censoring both Peronism and its leader. The fragility of Argentine democracy was shown when Illia was overthrown in 1966 by a military coup led by General Juan Carlos Onganía.

In all those 15 years, Pedro Eugenio Aramburu was popular with much of the press. He often gave his opinions on society and politics (especially in Gente magazine, representative of Argentine high society).

In 1970, he was mentioned as a possible Presidential candidate.


In 1960's, rumors about Perón's return to Argentina were circulated daily. From his exile in Spain, his voice grew stronger and stronger. At the same time, leftist strength grew in Argentina as in much of South America. The example of Che Guevara influenced a generation of students in schools and universities that supported international socialism.

It was in this atmosphere that the Montoneros, led by Mario Alberto Firmenich were formed.

It is possible that the Montoneros would not have been really relevant had they not chosen the resounding terrorist action of kidnapping and murdering the former president Pedro Eugenio Aramburu.

Death of Aramburu

On May 29, 1970 at noon, Aramburu was snatched inside his apartment in Buenos Aires by two militants posing as young army officers. Aramburu's disappearance kept Argentinian society on tenterhooks for a month, before it was discovered that Aramburu had been murdered three days after his kidnapping, with his corpse left in a farm near Timote, Carlos Tejedor, in Buenos Aires Province.

In the following months, statements from the Montoneros flooded the media. Among other things they claimed historical reasons for their actions such as "the execution of 27 Peronist leaders after an unsuccessful Peronist rebellion in 1956", known as the José León Suárez massacre.

In 1974, his body was kidnapped by the Montoneros. The body was to be held until the President Isabel Peron brought back Evita Peron's body.

See also

External links

Preceded by
Eduardo Lonardi
President of Argentina
Succeeded by
Arturo Frondizi

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