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Pedro Pablo Ramírez: Wikis


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Pedro Pablo Ramírez Machuca

In office
June 7, 1943 – February 23, 1944
Vice President Sabá Sueyro (1943)
Edelmiro Farrell (1943-44)
Preceded by Arturo Rawson
Succeeded by Edelmiro Farrell

Born 1884
La Paz, Entre Ríos
Died 1962
Buenos Aires
Nationality Argentine
Political party none
Profession Military

General Pedro Pablo Ramírez Machuca (1884 - 1962) was President of Argentina from June 7, 1943[1] to February 24, 1944. He was the founder and leader of the Guardia Nacional, Argentina's Fascist militia [2]. After graduating from the Argentine military college in 1904 as a second lieutenant, Ramírez was promoted in 1910 as first lieutenant of the cavalry. In 1911, he was sent to Germany for training with the Fifth Hussars cavalry in Kaiser Wilhelm's Prussian Army. He returned home in 1913, with a German wife, and prior to the outbreak of World War One. [3]. Advancing in rank as a specialist in cavalry tactics, he assisted fellow General Jose Felix Uriburu in a fascist coup that deposed Hipolito Yrigoyen in 1930. Ramírez was sent to Rome to observe Mussolini's army until his return in 1932.

When Uriburu set free elections and was voted out of office, General Ramírez worked behind the scenes to plan a return of fascism to Argentina. Over the next several years, he organized the Milicia Nacionalista (later the Guardia), and authored a program for a state ruled by the militia. In 1942, Ramírez was appointed as War Minister by President Ramon Castillo, and began to reorganize the Argentine Army. At the same time, the Guardia Nacional joined with another party to form "Recuperacion Nacional", a fascist political party. Castillo fired Ramírez following a cabinet meeting on May 18, 1943. Two weeks later, on June 4, 1943, Ramírez assisted Arturo Rawson in overthrowing Castillo's government, and was again made Minister of War. Three days later, on June 7 Ramírez forced Rawson's resignation and maintained Argentina's neutrality during World War Two. Ramírez refused to sever relations with the Axis powers and, consequently, the United States refused requests for Lend-Lease aid. Ramírez finally broke diplomatic relations with Germany and Japan on January 26, 1944. A month later, on February 24, 1944, Ramírez resigned in favor of his vice-president, Edelmiro Farrell.


  1. ^ (Spanish) Oath of General Ramirez as president of Argentina June 7 1943
  2. ^ Current Biography 1943, p. 608
  3. ^ Current Biography 1943, pp. 608-611

External links

Preceded by
Arturo Rawson
President of Argentina
Succeeded by
Edelmiro Farrell


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