Peerage of the United Kingdom: Wikis


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Divisions of the Peerage
 Flag of England.svg Peerage of England
 Flag of Scotland.svg Peerage of Scotland
 St Patrick's saltire3.svg Peerage of Ireland
 Union flag 1606 (Kings Colors).svg Peerage of Great Britain
 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Peerage of the United Kingdom

The Peerage of the United Kingdom comprises most peerages created in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland after the Act of Union in 1801, when it replaced the Peerage of Great Britain. New peers continued to be created in the Peerage of Ireland until the formation of the Irish Free State in 1922.

The ranks of the peerage are Duke, Marquess, Earl, Viscount, and Baron.[1]

In general no new hereditary peerages have been created since Harold Wilson's Labour government in the 1960s. The last non-royal dukedom had been created in 1900, the last marquessate in 1926, and the last non-royal earldom in 1956. The last viscountcies were created in 1964, and the last non-royal hereditary barony in 1965. Apart from an additional hereditary earldom created in 1984 for Harold MacMillan, this rule has kept. (The Wilson government also stopped creating hereditary baronetcies, and again, except for one creation in 1990 for Denis Thatcher, this rule has kept. However, strictly speaking, hereditary baronets are not members of the peerage.)

Until the House of Lords Act 1999 was passed, all Peers of the United Kingdom were members of the House of Lords. However, from that date most of the hereditary peers were expelled as part of Parliamentary reform, whereas the life peers retained their seats. All hereditary peers of the first creation (i.e., those for whom a peerage was originally created, as opposed to those who inherited a peerage from an ancestor) were at that time offered a life peerage.

Lists of Peers


  1. ^ "The Dukes of the Peerage of the United Kingdom" (web). Retrieved 2008-05-11. 

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