List of stars in Pegasus
|Pronunciation||/ˈpɛɡəsəs/, genitive /ˈpɛɡəsaɪ/|
|Symbolism||the Winged Horse / Pegasus|
|Right ascension||23 h|
|Area||1121 sq. deg. (7th)|
|Main stars||9, 17|
|Stars with planets||8|
|Stars brighter than 3.00m||5|
|Stars within 10.00 pc (32.62 ly)||3|
|Brightest star||ε Peg (Enif) (2.38m)|
|Nearest star||EQ Peg
(20.38 ly, 6.25 pc)
|Meteor showers||July Pegasids|
|Visible at latitudes between +90° and −60°.
Best visible at 21:00 (9 p.m.) during the month of October.
Pegasus is a constellation in the northern sky, named after the winged horse Pegasus in Greek mythology. It was one of the 48 constellations listed by the 2nd century astronomer Ptolemy, and remains one of the 88 modern constellations.
α Peg (Markab), β Peg, and γ Peg, together with α Andromedae (Alpheratz or Sirrah) form the large asterism known as the Square of Pegasus. 51 Pegasi, a star in this constellation, is the first Sun-like star known to have an extrasolar planet. IK Pegasi is the nearest supernova candidate. Spectroscopic analysis of HD 209458 b, an extrasolar planet in this constellation has provided the first evidence of atmospheric water vapor beyond the solar system, while extrasolar planets orbiting the star HR 8799 also in Pegasus are the first to be directly imaged.
|α||Markab||Arabic||the saddle of the horse|
|ζ||Homam||Arabic||man of high spirit|
|η||Matar||Arabic||lucky star of rain|
|μ||Sadalbari||Arabic||luck star of the splendid one|
Pegasus is dominated by an asterism in the shape of a rough square, although one of the stars, Delta Pegasi or Sirrah, is now officially considered to be part of Andromeda, (α Andromedae) and is more usually called "Alpheratz."
H.A. Rey has suggested an alternative way to connect the stars into the shape of a winged horse. The body of the horse consists of a quadrilateral formed by the stars α Peg, β Peg, γ Peg, and α And. The front legs of the winged horse are formed by two crooked lines of stars, one leading from η Peg to κ Peg and the other from μ Peg to 1 Pegasi. Another crooked line of stars from α Peg via θ Peg to ε Peg forms the neck and head; ε is the snout.