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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Pelagie Islands
Native name: Isole Pelagie
Lampedusa cost and sea.jpg
Pelagie Islands map.png
Location Mediterranean Sea
Coordinates 35°40′34″N 12°36′59″E / 35.67611°N 12.61639°E / 35.67611; 12.61639
Archipelago Pelagie Islands
Total islands 3
Major islands Lampedusa, Linosa, Lampione
Area 25.5 km²
Region Sicily
Province Agrigento
Population 6,066 (as of 2004)

The Pelagie Islands (Italian: Isole Pelagie, Sicilian: Ìsuli Pilaggî), from the Greek pelagos - πέλαγος meaning "high sea", are the three small islands of Lampedusa, Linosa, and Lampione, located in the Mediterranean Sea between Malta and Tunisia, south of Sicily. To the northwest lie the island of Pantelleria and the Strait of Sicily. Geographically the archipelago belongs to the African continent; politically and administratively the islands fall within the Sicilian province of Agrigento and represent the southernmost part of Italy.

Despite pockets of agriculture, the islands are unnaturally barren due to wanton deforestation and the disappearance of the native olive groves, juniper and carob plantations. Fifty years ago much of the landscape was farmland bounded by dry stone walls but today, the local economy is based on fishing - sponge fishing and canning - supplemented by tourism in Lampedusa.

Marine protected area

The Loggerhead Turtle

Of particular ecological concern in the islands is the protection of the Loggerhead Turtle (Caretta caretta) which is endangered throughout the Mediterranean as a result of its nesting sites being taken over by tourism. In Italy the beaches of Pozzolana di Ponente on Linosa and Isola dei conigli on Lampedusa are the last remaining sites where the turtle regularly lays its eggs. The Area Marina Protetta Isole Pelagie nature reserve, covering all three islands, was instituted in 2002.


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Europe : Italy : Sicily : Agrigento Province : Pelagie Islands

Pelagie Islands are in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea and are part of Sicily, Italy.

The Pelagie are formed by the three islands of Lampedusa, Linosa and Lampione and geograficly are closer to Africa than Italy.

Lampedusa is the biggest of the three island with a population of 5800, Linosa counts only 400 and the island of Lampione is uninhabited.

The highest point of the three islands is in Linosa that has vulcanic origins and is Monte Vulcano 186m (over sea level).

Get in

By boat

Daily overnight ferries run from Porto Empedocle in Sicily, and during the summer there is a hydrofoil service.

By plane

The airport is on the island of Lampedusa and has direct flights with Sicily and Italy.


see Lampedusa

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Simple English

File:Pelagie Islands
The Pelagie islands

The Pelagie Islands are three islands in the Mediterranean. They are Lampedusa, Linosa and Lampione. They are between Malta and Tunisia. They are part of the African continent but belong to Italy.

Because of deforestation, the islands are very barren. In the past they lived on agriculture, but nowadays they live on fishing and tourism.

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