Pella, Iowa: Wikis

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Pella, Iowa
—  City  —
Location of Pella, Iowa
Coordinates: 41°24′26″N 92°55′2″W / 41.40722°N 92.91722°W / 41.40722; -92.91722
Country  United States
State  Iowa
County Marion
Area
 - Total 6.8 sq mi (17.7 km2)
 - Land 6.8 sq mi (17.7 km2)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 886 ft (270 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 9,832
 - Density 1,437.4/sq mi (555.0/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 50219
Area code(s) 641
FIPS code 19-62040
GNIS feature ID 0460063

Pella is a city in Marion County, Iowa, United States. The population was 9,832 at the 2000 census. Pella is the home of Central College as well as several manufacturing companies, including Pella Corporation and Vermeer Manufacturing Company.

Contents

History and culture

Franklin Street in Pella and some of the businesses located there. Notable in the background are the Tulip Toren (tall white statue) and Information Windmill located in Pella's Central Park.

Pella was founded in 1847 when eight hundred Dutch immigrants led by Dominee Hendrik (Henry) P. Scholte settled the area. Rev. Scholte named the town Pella after Pella in modern-day Jordan, which had been a city of refuge for early Christians[1]. It was the childhood home of Wyatt Earp. His brothers Warren and Morgan were born in Pella.

Today it features a number of local events and architectural sights. The Vermeer Mill is a fully functional 1850s-style windmill, reaching 134 feet (41 m) high. The Vermeer Mill grinds wheat into flour using only wind power and is the tallest working windmill in the United States.

The Pella Opera House, built in 1900, was renovated in 1990 and is now a popular entertainment destination, featuring stained glass windows and ornate tin ceilings. A canal winds through nearby Molengracht Plaza, home to a number of shops, restaurants, lodging, a movie theatre, and a full-size working drawbridge.

Pella's Vermeer Mill.

The annual Tulip Time Festival is a celebration of Pella's Dutch heritage. It features tulip gardens, performances, crafters, music, food, Dutch costumes, and daily parades. The festival is held for three days (Thursday, Friday & Saturday) during the first weekend in May.

A few miles to the west is Iowa's largest reservoir[2], Lake Red Rock (Des Moines River), a popular destination for biking, hiking, boating, and fishing.

Geography

Pella is located at 41°24′26″N 92°55′2″W / 41.40722°N 92.91722°W / 41.40722; -92.91722 (41.407311, -92.917352)[3].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.8 square miles (17.7 km²), all land.

Demographics

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 9,832 people, 3,497 households, and 2,395 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,437.4 people per square mile (555.0/km²). There were 3,691 housing units at an average density of 539.6/sq mi (208.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.32% White, 0.17% African American, 0.21% Native American, 2.36% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.27% from other races, and 0.60% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.08% of the population.

There were 3,497 households out of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.5% were married couples living together, 5.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.5% were non-families. 28.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.95.

The population is spread out with 21.6% under the age of 18, 17.6% from 18 to 24, 23.6% from 25 to 44, 18.7% from 45 to 64, and 18.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 90.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $45,496, and the median income for a family was $56,321. Males had a median income of $40,344 versus $25,833 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,674. About 3.2% of families and 7.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.9% of those under age 18 and 13.9% of those age 65 or over.

Famous residents

Some shops on Main in Pella illustrating the Dutch architecture in the town.

References in popular literature

  • In his 1989 book, The Lost Continent: Travels in Small-Town America, travel author Bill Bryson stops in Pella, recounting his childhood visits to the town, and remarking different aspects of the town with his usual wry humor. Throughout the book, parts of Pella are referred back to as examples.

References

  1. ^ Van Klompenburg, Carol; Crum, Doroty (1996). Dutch Touches, Recipes and Traditions. Penfield Press, Iowa. ISBN 1-57216-024-1.
  2. ^ U.S. Army Corps of Engineers: Lake Red Rock
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  4. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  

External links

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Simple English

Pella is a city of Iowa in the United States. It has a population of 9,832 as of 2000.


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