Pembrokeshire Coast National Park: Wikis

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Pembrokeshire Coast
Protected Area
Marloes peninsula, Pembrokeshire Coast, Wales.
Country United Kingdom (Wales)
Regions West Wales,
Pembrokeshire
Area 629 km2 (243 sq mi)
National Park of Wales 1952
IUCN category V - Protected Landscape/Seascape
Website: pcnpa.org.uk

Pembrokeshire Coast National Park (Welsh: Parc Cenedlaethol Arfordir Penfro) is a national park along the Pembrokeshire coast in West Wales.

It was established as a National Park in 1952, and is the only one in the United Kingdom to have been designated primarily because of its spectacular coastline. It is one of three National Parks in Wales, the others being the Brecon Beacons and Snowdonia (Eryri).

Contents

Landscape

The National Park has a varied landscape of rugged cliffs, sandy beaches, wooded estuaries and wild inland hills, covering a total area of 629 km² (240 square miles). It falls into four distinct sections. Running clockwise around the coast, these are the south Pembrokeshire coast, including Caldey Island; the Daugleddau estuary; the St Bride's Bay coast, including the coastal islands; and the Preseli Hills. However, not all of the park is coastal, and there are even forests and marshes on the edges of the park.

Seven Arch Bridge — Lilyponds near Bosherston.

The geology of the area is of particular interest with many good exposures both inland and along the coast, exhibiting a variety of rock types and structural features such as natural arches, stacks, rock folding and sea caves. In the north, the rocks of Carn Llidi, Pen Beri and Garn Fawr, together with the extensive moorland on Mynydd Carningli and Mynydd Preseli, give an exposed and mountainous feel to the landscape, cut through by the wooded valleys of the Gwaun and Nevern. In the west, the National Park is dominated by the broad sweep of St Bride's Bay, bounded at its northern end by Ramsey Island, near St David's peninsula, and at its southern end by Skomer. The southern coast is another contrast, with the limestone plateau and cliffs of the Castlemartin peninsula, the steep-sided wooded valleys inland from Amroth; the Bosherston lakes - now, like much of the coastal strip, in the care of the National Trust - and the tourist resorts of Tenby and Saundersfoot. Between the western and southern areas of the National Park lies the Milford Haven waterway, where the tranquil Daugleddau estuary feeds into one of the finest natural deep water harbours in the world.[1]

The National Park includes many sites and areas which are of national or international conservation significance in their own right, including 7 Special Areas of Conservation, a Marine Nature Reserve, 6 National Nature Reserves and 75 Sites of Special Scientific Interest.

Administration

The Park is managed by Pembrokeshire Coast National Park Authority, which has around 130 staff and a committee of 18 members. The Authority's purposes are to conserve the National Park, encourage the public to enjoy and understand it, and to foster the social and economic well-being of the communities within its boundaries. The Authority manages the entire length of the Pembrokeshire Coast Path National Trail. Its offices are in Pembroke Dock[2]

Electric vehicles

Electric bicycles are on their way to rivalling the fuel car as the preferred form of transport at the National Park. [3]

See also

References

External links

Coordinates: 51°50′N 5°05′W / 51.833°N 5.083°W / 51.833; -5.083

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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Europe : Britain and Ireland : United Kingdom : Wales : South Wales : Pembrokeshire : Pembrokeshire Coast National Park

Pembrokeshire Coast National Park [1] in Wales was the first national park in the United Kingdom.

Understand

The Pembrokeshire National Park was created in 1952 and is the UK's only coastal national park. It follows the coast and also runs a small distance inland for most of the county of Pembrokeshire apart from the Milford Haven estuary due to the oil facilities located there. Its designation as a national park limits development and so the area has remained unspoilt despite its popularity as a tourist destination.

Landscape

The landscape is known for its rugged cliffs and many sandy beaches that can be viewed from the coastal path which runs along the coast for the entirety of the national park.

Flora and fauna

Many of the offshore islands nearby have important colonies of seabirds that are resident for parts of the year, including gannets and puffins. Porpoise and seals are also frequently seen from the coastal path.

  • Fishguard, ferries from Rosslare, Ireland
  • Pembroke Dock, ferries from Rosslare, Ireland

Get around

There is a limited bus service but a car is really needed to successfully explore the park. The roads are narrow in places and so travel can be quite slow. The national park runs subsidized bus services that cover sections of the coast and some important inland locations such as St David's. These are reasonably priced and can be stopped at any point in their journey.

St David's Cathedral and Bishop's Palace
St David's Cathedral and Bishop's Palace
  • St Davids is the UK's smallest city.
  • Ramsey Island is an RSPB nature reserve that is home to important seabird colonies.
  • Milford Haven, one of the deepest natural harbours in the world.
  • Talk a walk along the coast path. The national park maintain a coastal path that runs along the coast for the entire length of the national park. It's clearly signposted from all the villages and beaches so you can just turn up and walk to the next place along the coast without the need for a map. The walks are not strenuous and there are subsidized bus services that will take you back to your starting point.
  • Take a boat trip around Ramsey Island or one of the other coastal islands famous for their seabird colonies. There are many different operators running trips on rigid inflatable boats that can get very close to the shore to give a unique perspective on the marine landscape. Be aware that these trips can get quite wet, although the operators are trying to get around this by installing seats in the middle of the boat so that passengers do not have to sit on the side.
  • Spend some time on the many sandy beaches in the national park. Pembrokeshire is home to some spectacular sandy beaches that are perfect for families to spend their day. The beaches are universally very clean and there are usually cafes and lavatory facilities available.
  • Try some surfing. The beaches at Newgale and Whitesands usually have good surf, especially on windy days. Surf equipment hire is available at both beaches, and several operators run surf and surf kayak lessons.

Sleep

Camping

Pencnwc Farm [2], Treginnis, St Davids. Just a short walk from the cliff top that forms Wales' most westerly point overlooking Ramsey Island. Simple but lovely site. Ready-pitched tents available to order, also a Mongolian Ger. Of course you can bring your own tent!

Get out

Carmarthenshire lies just to the east and Ceredigion lies just to the north.

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