Penghu: Wikis

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Flag of Penghu County.png
Penghu County emblem.png
Penghu County
澎湖縣
Abbreviation(s): Penghu (澎湖)
Taiwan ROC political division map Penghu County.svg
County seat Magong City
Region Taiwan Strait
County Magistrate Chien-fa Wang (王乾發)
Cities 1
Townships 5
Area
- Total 141.052 km²
(22 of 25)
- % water 0 %
Population
- Total 93,446 (January 2009)
(23 of 25)
- Density 662.49/km²
Symbols
- County flower Firewheel (Gaillardia pulchella)
- County tree Chinese Banyan (Ficus microcarpa)
- County bird Small Skylark (Alauda gulgula)
Official websites www.penghu.gov.tw

The Penghu islands (traditional Chinese: Hanyu Pinyin: Pénghú QúndăoTongyong Pinyin: Pénghú Cyúndăo; Wade-Giles: P'eng-Hu Ch'ün-Tao; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Phêⁿ-ô·-kûn-tó, also known as Pescadores from the Portuguese, meaning "fishermen", Portuguese pronunciation: [pɨʃkɐˈðoɾɨʃ]) are an archipelago off the western coast of Taiwan in the Taiwan Strait consisting of 90 small islands and islets covering an area of 141 square kilometers. The whole archipelago forms Penghu County, Taiwan Province, Republic of China.

Contents

History

'Peng-hu' was first recorded in unofficial historical records and regional logs in 1171 during the Southern Song Dynasty[1]. From the middle of the 17th century to 1895, Taiwan and the archipelago were ruled by pirates, the colonial Dutch Empire, the Koxinga kingdom, and the Qing Dynasty, successively.

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Sino-French War

The Penghu archipelago was captured by the French in March 1885, in the closing weeks of the Sino-French War, and evacuated four months later. The Pescadores Campaign was the last campaign of Admiral Amédée Courbet, whose naval victories during the war had made him a national hero in France. Courbet was among several French soldiers and sailors who succumbed to cholera during the French occupation of Penghu. He died aboard his flagship Bayard in Magong harbour on 11 June 1885.[2]

First Sino-Japanese War

Defeated in northern China by the Japanese in the First Sino-Japanese War, the Qing government ceded the islands to Japan along with Taiwan in the Sino-Japanese Treaty of Shimonoseki of April 1895. The Japanese suspected that they might meet resistance when they attempted to occupy Taiwan, and their invasion of Taiwan, hastily launched in late May 1895 in response to the proclamation of the Republic of Formosa, was preceded by an attack on Qing forces on Penghu in March 1895, in which the Japanese defeated the Chinese garrison of the islands and occupied Makung. The Japanese occupation of Penghu prevented more Chinese troops from being sent to Taiwan, persuaded the Chinese negotiators at Shimonoseki that Japan was determined to annex Taiwan, and helped to ensure the success of the subsequent Japanese invasion of Taiwan.[3]

Cairo Declaration

In the Cairo Declaration of 1943, the United States, United Kingdom, and China stated it to be their purpose that "all the territories that Japan has stolen from the Chinese, such as Formosa (Taiwan) and the Pescadores (Penghu), shall be restored to the Republic of China."

On July 26, 1945, the three governments issued the Potsdam Declaration, declaring that "the terms of the Cairo Declaration shall be carried out." In the Treaty of San Francisco, Japan renounced sovereignty over Taiwan and Penghu but left their final disposition unsettled. The archipelago has been administered by the Republic of China since the Retrocession Day (October 25, 1945) as part of its Taiwan Province.

In the early 1990s the Penghu National Scenic Area that comprises most but not all of the islands and islets of the archipelago was created. Tourism has since become one of the main sources of income of the county.

China Airlines Disaster

On May 25, 2002, China Airlines Flight 611, a Boeing 747-200 aircraft flying from Taipei, Taiwan to Hong Kong disintegrated and exploded over the Islands. The wreckage slammed into the Taiwan Strait a couple of miles off the coast. All 225 passengers and crew on board were killed.[4]

Sub-county divisions

Subdivision of Penghu County

Altogether, there are 97 villages.

The main islands of Magong City/Husi Township, Baisha Township, and Siyu Township are the three most populous islands and are connected via bridges. Two shorter bridges connect Husi and Baisha. The bridge connecting Baisha and Siyu is the longest bridge in Republic of China and is called the Penghu Trans-Oceanic Bridge (澎湖跨海大橋 Peng Hu Kua Hai Da Qiao).

See also

This article contains Chinese text. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Chinese characters.

Notes

References

  • Loir, M., L'escadre de l'amiral Courbet (Paris, 1886)
  • Yosaburo Takekoshi, Japanese Rule in Formosa (London, 1907)

External links

Coordinates: 23°35′N 119°35′E / 23.583°N 119.583°E / 23.583; 119.583


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Asia : East Asia : Taiwan : Penghu

Penghu 澎湖 (also called the Pescadores) is an outlying island located between Taiwan and China and falls under the jurisdiction of Taiwan.

Understand

The Penghu (pronounced "pung hoo") is an archipelago, not a single island. A very beautiful and enjoyable weekend getaway, the sea around Penghu is a saturated turqouise and the sand coral (so pack beach footwear).

Very few people, hoteliers included, speak any English, so be prepared to exercise your Mandarin, and do your research before you get there!

Get in

It is now possible to fly to Magong Airport, Penghu from at least 5 domestic Taiwanese airports: Songshan(Taipei); Taichung; Jiayi; Tainan; and Kaohsiung. Tickets may be bought from the following webpage: http://www.uniair.com.tw/uniairec/index1.aspx however you will need someone who can read Chinese to help you and a credit card. Transasia also has regular flights.

Some international flights are expected to commence in the next few years after the opening of the first Casino.

During the summer months you can also take the ferry from Kaoshiung (3.5h) and Putai (90min).

A taxi ride from the airport to the city of Magong will cost exactly $300NT (Taiwanese Dollars). However, if you are able to telephone and book a taxi the cost drops down to exactly $200NT (Taiwanese Dollars). It is worthwhile asking a friend who can speak Chinese to telephone ahead for a taxi to meet you at the airport. Some taxi numbers: 0911192121; 0937309889; 0937309699; 0937713723; 0931873045. Note: Taxi drivers do not speak English. Also, taxis do not use metres in Penghu, (even if you can see one!) so make sure to ask the cost to your destination before you set off.

Get around

Only foreigners who hold current Taiwanese drivers' licenses may rent vehicles and the airport is a few miles from the city, so you might need to cab around. Though some scooter rental shops may be lenient if you ask nicely.

See

In the main city, Makung, major sights include the Tianhou Temple, where sailors and fishermen have prayed to the sea goddess Matsu for safe seafaring for centuries. Nearby is the 400-year-old Four Eyes Well, a single well with four holes so it can be used by many people at once. It's on a picturesque old street that has been tastefully restored to its former glory.

Do

A bicycle ride from Magong's Rainbow Bridge along the bicycle path beside the seashore is highly recommended. From here you get excellent views across the water to Xiyu Island.

Tourists can take a walk along Shan-shiu or Ai-men beach, (each just a $200NT (Taiwanese Dollar) taxi ride away) but most like to take a boat ride to see some of the many other islands.

Ji-bei Island, an island that is a short boat trip to the north has the best beaches.

A boat trip to Seven Beauty Island,(in Chinese it is called Qi-mei although it is more often Romanised as Ci-mei or Chi-mei),an island to the south, is highly recommended. The boat trip from the Magong harbourside tourist centre takes about 90 minutes and you get to see several other islands along the way. Qi-mei Island is a great place to stay in a B & B for one night. The island is small but hilly with cliffs falling into the sea on the southern side. Goats may be seen grazing across the island and another interesting feature is the dry stone and/or coral fences. The best way to travel around is on bikes and this should come as part of the B & B package. However, you will need a Taiwanese licence. Perhaps best to travel with some Taiwanese friends as no one speaks English here.

Eat

For cheap Western fastfood there is McDonalds and McCafe downtown.

Drink

There are a few bars scattered around Makung mostly near the center of town by.

Sleep

Book ahead because hotels in Penghu can fill up fast. Hotels offer significant discounts in the off-season (winter and early spring).

  • Love Penghu Homestay, [1]. A nice guesthouse located close to one of the nicest beaches on the Island. The staff is extremely friendly and spoke English. They are able to pick you up from the airport or from the dock if needed. If you do not speak Chinese they were more then willing to help rent a scooter or set us up with snorkeling or surfing lessons. One night should be around 1300$TWD.  edit

Stay safe

Typhoons are common in this part of the world during the summer months so remember to keep an eye on weather forecasts as flights may be delayed or cancelled when there is a typhoon.

In winter, Penghu is also well known for very strong winds.

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