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Penguin (missile): Wikis


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Type littoral anti-ship missile
Place of origin  Norway
Service history
In service 1972
Production history
Manufacturer Kongsberg Defence & Aerospace
Weight 385 kg (MK2), 370 kg (MK3)
Length 3.0 m (MK2), 3.2 m (MK3)
Diameter 28 cm

Warhead 120 kg (MK2), 130 kg (MK3)
delay fuze

Engine Solid propellant sustainer
Wingspan 1.4 m (MK2), 1.0 m (MK3)
34+ km (MK2), 55+ km (MK3)
Flight altitude sea skimming
Speed high subsonic
pulse-laser, passive IR (MK2), passive IR, radar altimeter (MK3)
naval ships, helicopters (MK2), fixed-wing aircraft (MK3)

The Rb 12 Penguin anti-ship missile (U.S. designation AGM-119), made by Kongsberg Defence & Aerospace (KDA)[1] [2] of Norway from the early 1970s and continually upgraded since, is a passive-IR seeker based short-to-medium range naval cruise missile. It was the first AShM of the western world with an IR seeker (instead of the commonly used active radar technology).

The Penguin can be fired singly or in coordinated-arrival salvoes. Propelled by a solid rocket engine, it performs random weaving maneuvres at target approach and hits the target close to the waterline. Of the western inventory of such missiles, it is the only variant that performs a terminal bunt and weave manoeuvre. The modified 120 kg warhead detonates inside the target ship by using a delay fuze.

In its various versions, the Penguin can be launched from a number of different weapons platforms:

KDA's successor to the Penguin is the Naval Strike Missile (NSM), offered from 2007 onwards. NSM features an imaging IR-seeker, GPS navigation, a turbojet sustainer engine (for much longer ranges: 150+ km), and significantly more computer performance and digital signal processing power.


In service with both the Royal Norwegian Navy (since 1972) and Royal Norwegian Air Force (since 1989)
In service with the Turkish Navy (since 1972)
In service with the Hellenic Navy (since 1980)
In service with the Swedish Navy (since 1980)
 United States
In service with the United States Navy as the AGM-119 (since 1994)
Procured for service with the Royal Australian Navy's Super Seasprite helicopters
In service with the Spanish Navy (since 2003)
 South Africa
In service with the South African Air Force
Acquired eight missiles for use in Brazilian Navy's S-70B helicopters[3]


  1. ^ Early development of the Penguin was done by the Norwegian Defence Research Establishment (NDRE; Norw. FFI) during the 1960s.
  2. ^ Kongsberg Defence & Aerospace (KDA) was formerly a part of Kongsberg Våpenfabrikk (KV) (1814–1986) and Norsk Forsvarsteknologi (NFT) (1987–1994), and is now part of Kongsberg Gruppen (KOG).
  3. ^ Diário Oficial da União

External links



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