Pennsylvania's 25th congressional district: Wikis

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Pennsylvania's 25th congressional district was one of Pennsylvania's districts of the United States House of Representatives.

Contents

Geography

In 1903 the district was drawn to cover Crawford and Erie counties, which interestingly enough had been its original area 60 years earlier.

The district was again moved in 1922. At this time it was redrawn to cover Washington and Greene counties.[1]

In 1942 the boundaries of the district were redrawn without actually moving it for the first time. Greene County was transferred to the 24th District while parts of Allegheny County south and west of down-town Pittsburgh were moved to the 25th District. In 1944 the district boundaries were totally redrawn. It now consisted of Beaver, Butler and Lawrence counties. These boundaraies were then redrawn in 1972, with a small strip of northern Allegheny County being put in the 25th district.[2]

The district was eliminated in 1983.

Demographics

In 1902 the district was draw to cover and area with a population of 162,116. Only 4 of Pennsylvania's 30 districts had fewer people at this point. Some Pennsylvania districts had over 250,000 people at this point. 0.4% of the population of what would be the 25th district in 1902 was black in 1900.[3]

History

This district was created in 1833. In 1853, It consisted of Crawford County, Pennsylvania and Erie County, Pennsylvania at this point. The district had a population of 76,591.[4]

It was eliminated in 1863. This district was recreated in 1873. The district was held at-large until 1875. In 1875 it was made a geographical district covering Forest County, Pennsylvania, Clarion County, Pennsylvania, Jefferson County, Pennsylvania, Armstrong County, Pennsylvania and Indiana County, Pennsylvania. It had a population of 131,663.[5] In 1888 Pennsylvania congressional distrticts were redrawn because there was a decision to make Pennsylvania's 28th congressional district a geographical district and end its election at large. The 25th district was shifted to cover Butler County, Pennsylvania, Beaver County, Pennsylvania, Lawrence County, Pennsylvania and Mercer County, Pennsylvania.[6] These would remain the boundaries until 1912.

The district was eliminated in 1983.

Elections

List of representatives

Representative Party Years District home Note
District created in 1833
John Gailbraith Jacksonian March 4, 1833 – March 3, 1837
Arnold Plumer Democrat March 4, 1837 – March 3, 1839
John Gailbraith Democrat March 4, 1839 – March 3, 1841
Arnold Plumer Democrat March 4, 1841 – March 3, 1843
District eliminated in 1843, District recreated in 1853
John Dick Whig March 4, 1853 – March 3, 1855
Opposition March 4, 1855 – March 3, 1857
Republican March 4, 1857 – March 3, 1859
Elijah Babbitt Republican March 4, 1859 – March 3, 1863
District eliminated in 1863, District recreated in 1875
George A. Jenks Democrat March 4, 1875 – March 3, 1877
Harry White Republican March 4, 1877 – March 3, 1881 Not a candidate for reelection
James Mosgrove Greenback March 4, 1881 – March 3, 1883 Declined to be a candidate for renomination
John D. Patton Democrat March 4, 1883 – March 3, 1885 Declined to be a candidate for renomination
Alexander C. White Republican March 4, 1885 – March 3, 1887 Not a candidate for reelection
James T. Maffett Republican March 4, 1887 - March 3, 1889 Not a candidate for renomination
Charles C. Townsend Republican March 4, 1889 – March 3, 1891 Not a candidate for renomination
Eugene P. Gillespie Democrat March 4, 1891 – March 3, 1893 Unsuccessful candidate for reelection
Thomas W. Phillips Republican March 4, 1893 – March 3, 1897 Declined to be a candidate for renomination
James J. Davidson Republican March 4, 1897– ????, 1897
vacant  ????, 1897– April 20, 1897
Joseph B. Showalter Republican April 20, 1897 – March 3, 1903 Not a candidate for reelection
Arthur L. Bates Republican March 4, 1903 – March 3, 1913 Redistricted from the 26th districtDeclined to be a candidate for renomination
Milton W. Shreve Republican March 4, 1913 – March 3, 1915 Unsuccessful candidate for reelection
Michael Liebel, Jr. Democrat March 4, 1915 – March 3, 1917 Not a candidate for renomination
Henry A. Clark Republican March 4, 1917 – March 3, 1919 Not a candidate for renomination
Milton W. Shreve Republican March 4, 1919 – March 3, 1923 Redistricted to the 29th district
Henry W. Temple Republican March 4, 1923 – March 3, 1933 Redistricted from the 24th district, Unsuccessful candidate for reelection
Charles I. Faddis Democrat March 4, 1933 – December 4, 1942 Unsuccessful candidate for renomination, resigned to join the United States Army
vacant December 4, 1942 – January 3, 1943
Grant Furlong Democrat January 3, 1943 – January 3, 1945 Unsuccessful candidate for renomination
Louis E. Graham Republican January 3, 1945 – January 3, 1955 Redistricted from the 26th district, Unsuccessful candidate for reelection
Frank M. Clark Democrat January 3, 1955 – December 31, 1974 Unsuccessful candidate for reelection
vacant December 31, 1974 – January 3, 1975
Gary A. Myers Republican January 3, 1975 – January 3, 1979 Not a candidate for renomination
Eugene Atkinson Democrat January 3, 1979 – October 14, 1981 Switched to Republican Party
Republican October 14, 1981 – January 3, 1983
District eliminated in 1983

References

  1. ^ Martis, Kenneth C. Historical Atlas of Political Parties in Congress. (New York: MacMillian, 1989) p. 177
  2. ^ Martis. Historical Atlas. p. 227
  3. ^ Parsons. Congressional Districts p. 407
  4. ^ Parsons, Stanley B., William W. Beach and Michael J. Dubin United States Congressional Districts and Data, 1843-1883 (Westport: Greenwood Press, 1986) p. 82
  5. ^ Parsons. Congressional Districts and Data. p. 210
  6. ^ Parsons, Stanley B., Michale J. Dubin and Karen Toombs Parsons. United States Congressional Districts, 1883-1913. (Westwood: Greenwood Press, 1990) p. 136

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