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Anfernee Hardaway
Position(s) Guard/Forward
Jersey #(s) 1, 7, 25
Listed height 6 ft 7 in (2.01 m)
Listed weight 220 lb (100 kg)
Born July 18, 1971 (1971-07-18) (age 38)
Memphis, Tennessee
Career information
Year(s) 1993–2007
NBA Draft 1993 / Round: 1 / Pick: 3
College Memphis State University
Professional team(s)
Career stats (NBA)
Points     10,684
Rebounds     3,146
Assists     3,525
Career highlights and awards
  • 4-time All-Star
  • 3-time All-NBA Selection
  • 1994 All-Rookie First Team
  • 1994 Rookie Game MVP
  • 1993 All American
  • 1990 Parade Magazine National High School Player of the Year
Olympic medal record
Men's Basketball
Gold 1996 Atlanta United States

Anfernee Deon "Penny" Hardaway (born July 18, 1971, in Memphis, Tennessee) is a former American professional basketball player in the National Basketball Association (NBA), specializing as a small forward, shooting guard, and point guard. His most productive years came in his days as a member of the Orlando Magic as well as the early portion of his stint with the Phoenix Suns. Hardaway was an all-NBA player early in his career, but was plagued by constant injuries which gradually reduced his effectiveness. He last played for the Miami Heat, who released him December 12, 2007.

Contents

Beginnings

Hardaway's nickname "Penny" came as a result of his grandmother's southern accent in calling him "Pretty."[1] Hardaway was raised by his grandmother while his mother was away working. His first love was football but his grandmother did not want him to get hurt. He grew up in the Binghamton neighborhood of shotgun houses in Memphis, Tennessee. As a teenager, despite his rising popularity around the city and region and, in high school, the nation, Penny continued to work as a referee of youth sports at the Memphis YMCA and played on the Memphis Y.O.M.C.A. Jr. Olympic basketball teams as a youth.

High school career

Hardaway grew up playing basketball in Memphis for Treadwell High School, where he averaged 36.6 points, 10.1 rebounds, 6.2 assists, 3.9 steals, and 2.8 blocks as a senior and was named Parade Magazine National High School player of the year. He finished his high school career with 3,039 points.[2] Hardaway then committed to Memphis State University (known as the University of Memphis since 1994).

College career

Hardaway had to sit out the 1990-91 season due to being academically ineligible. He wound up making the Dean's List with a 3.4 grade point average as an education major. During his freshman season, Hardaway was robbed at gunpoint and then struck by a stray bullet in the foot, putting his career in jeopardy[3]

1991-1992

In the summer of 1992 Hardaway was selected to the 1992 USA Basketball Developmental Team that scrimmaged daily against the 1992 Olympic Team.[4] Penny was teammates with Chris Webber, Bobby Hurley, Jamal Mashburn, Rodney Rogers, Eric Montross, Grant Hill, and Allan Houston. The USA Basketball Developmental Team was the only team to beat the Team USA in 1992.

1992-1993

Hardaway returned for his Junior season (1992-93) and bettered his numbers from the previous season. He averaged 22.8 ppg, 8.5 rpg, 6.4 apg, 2.4 spg, and 1.2 bpg. He accumulated two triple doubles (then a rarity in college basketball). He was again named an All-American. He also was a finalist for the Naismith College Player of the Year and the John R. Wooden Award that are annually given the most outstanding player in college basketball.

Penny majored in Education at Memphis State, achieved a 3.4 cumulative GPA, but passed up his senior season to enter the 1993 NBA Draft. In 1994, Memphis State retired #25, Penny's number while playing for the Tigers.[2] Penny returned to University of Memphis in May 2003 and graduated with a bachelor’s degree in professional studies, 10 years after leaving school early to turn pro.

Hardaway was named #5 on the list of top 100 modern college point guards by collegehoopsnet.com.[5] Additionally, he was a leading vote getter on ESPN Conference USA Silver Anniversary Team.[6]

NBA career

Orlando Magic (1993-1999)

Penny was selected by the Golden State Warriors in the first round of the 1993 NBA Draft (third pick overall), but was traded along with three future first-round picks to the Orlando Magic for the rights to first overall pick Chris Webber. He started out the season at the shooting guard position while he learned the point guard position from veteran Scott Skiles. By mid-season he took over point guard duties from Skiles. He immediately made an impact on the league, winning the MVP award at the inaugural Schick Rookie Game. Hardaway helped the Magic to their first playoff berth and first fifty-win season. He averaged 16 points, 6.6 assists, 5.4 rebounds per game while his 190 steals ranked 6th in the league. He recorded his first career triple double on April 15 when he registered 14 points, 12 assists, and 11 rebounds against the Boston Celtics. For his efforts he was named to the NBA All-Rookie first team and was the runner-up for Rookie of the Year to Chris Webber.

The 1994–95 NBA season saw Penny take his game to another level. The Magic won a franchise record 57 games while Penny averaged 20.9 points, 7.2 assists, 4.4 rebounds, and 1.7 steals per game. In fact he was the only player to average at least twenty points and five assists and shoot fifty percent on field goals during the regular season. He was named a starter in his first NBA All-Star game and was named All-NBA First Team. The highlight of the playoff run was the second-round defeat of the Chicago Bulls. Along with Shaquille O'Neal, he led his team to the NBA Finals in his second season, where they were swept by the Houston Rockets. Despite the sweep Hardaway averaged 24.5 points, 4.8 rebounds and 8 assists, while shooting 50% from the field in the series.

An injury to star teammate Shaquille O'Neal at the start of the 1995-96 NBA season forced Hardaway to garner more of the scoring load during the first few months of the season. He responded by leading the Magic to a 17–5 start. He was named NBA Player of the Month for November by averaging 27.0 points, 6.5 assists, 5.8 rebounds, 2.2 steals, and 1 block per game.[7] He was named a starter in the NBA All-Star Game for the second consecutive season while leading the Magic to a franchise record 60 wins. For the season he was named to the All-NBA First Team for the second consecutive year while averaging 21.7 points, 7.1 assists and 4.3 rebounds and capturing 166 steals which was good for 5th in the league. He also finished third in MVP voting.[8] Hardaway was again the only player in the NBA who averaged at least twenty points and five assists and shot fifty percent on field goals during the regular season. The Magic's playoff run ended in the Eastern Conference Finals to the eventual champion (and all-time regular season victories record setter) Chicago Bulls. In the twelve-game playoff run Hardaway averaged 23.3 points, 6 assists, and 4.7 rebounds.

During the summer of 1996, Hardaway played on the 1996 US Olympic Games Basketball Team, which won a gold medal. Penny averaged 9 points, 4.4 assists, 2.8 rebounds, and 1.4 steals in the eight games.[9] His two biggest contributions were in the quarterfinal game against Brazil where he chipped in 14 points and in the Gold Medal game against Yugoslavia where he scored 17 points.

The departure of O'Neal during the off-season to the Los Angeles Lakers left Hardaway as the lone star on the Magic heading into the 1996–97 NBA season. Hardaway struggled through an injury filled season but still managed to be named a starter for the third consecutive time in the NBA All-Star game. During the season Hardaway, being the team leader, led a coup to fire then coach Brian Hill with only 33 games left during the season.[10][11] In 59 regular-season games he averaged 20.5 points, 5.6 assists, 4.5 rebounds, and 1.6 steals per game and was named to the All-NBA Third Team. The Magic managed to make the playoffs with a 45-win season. In the playoffs the Magic fell 0–2 to the Miami Heat in the first round. Hardaway then scored 42 points in game 3 and 41 in Game 4 to force a Game 5 in Miami (becoming the 1st player in NBA history to score 40 points in back to back playoff games when his team scores less than 100 while also being the first player to score 40 points back to back in the playoffs against a Pat Riley-coached team). Hardaway scored 33 points in Game 5 but the Magic fell short. Hardaway finished the playoffs with averages of 31 points, 6 rebounds, 3.4 assists, 2.4 steals, and 1.4 blocks per game. His playoff scoring average finished a close second to Michael Jordan (31.1).

A devastating left knee injury incurred early in the 1997-98 NBA season required surgery and forced him to miss the majority of the season. Despite injury, he was voted to start NBA All-Star Game for fourth straight year, and had six points and three assists in 12 minutes at New York. However, he was criticized for attempting a comeback sooner than expected by playing in the All-Star Game. He played his last game a week after the All-Star game and missed the remainder of the season (Hardaway has since endured another four surgeries on his left knee up to the present that have gradually deteriorated his explosive athletic abilities). In 19 games he averaged 16.4 points, 4 rebounds, 3.6 assists, and 1.5 steals.

Hardaway returned during the lockout-shortened 1999 season and managed to play in all 50 regular-season games to lead the Orlando Magic to a share of the best regular-season record in the Eastern Conference. He averaged 15.8 points, 5.7 rebounds and 5.3 assists, and his 111 steals placed him 5th in the league. The Magic then lost a first-round series to the Philadelphia 76ers in which Hardaway averaged 19 points, 5.5 assists, 5 rebounds, and 2.3 steals. It would prove to be his final season in Orlando.

In the Summer of 1999, at the urging of Phoenix Suns' point guard Jason Kidd,[12] Hardaway was traded to the Phoenix Suns for Danny Manning, Pat Garrity and two future first round-draft picks.[13]

In 369 regular season games with the Magic, Hardaway averaged 19 points, 6.3 assists, 4.7 rebounds, and 1.9 steals per game. In 45 playoff games he averaged 21.8 points, 6.5 assists, 4.9 rebounds, and 1.9 steals.

Phoenix Suns (1999-2004)

Hardaway was dealt to Phoenix before the start of 1999-2000 NBA Season to team with fellow All-Star guard Jason Kidd to form what was called BackCourt 2000.[12] Injuries to Hardaway's foot and Kidd's ankle allowed them to play just 45 games together (33–12 with both in lineup). In 60 games Hardaway averaged 16.9 points, 5.8 rebounds, 5.3 assists, and 1.6 steals with a 42–18 record. The Suns finished with a 53–29 record and a 5th seed in the Western Conference Playoffs. The ankle injury to Kidd forced him to miss most of the first-round series against the defending champion San Antonio Spurs. Hardaway stepped up and recorded a 17-point, 13-assist, 12-rebound triple-double in a crucial Game 3 win.[14] The Suns disposed of the Spurs in four games. The Conference Semi-Finals pitted Hardaway against his former teammate Shaquille O'Neal and the Lakers. The Suns fell short to the eventual champion Lakers in 5 games. Hardaway averaged 20.3 points, 5.7 assists, 4.9 rebounds, 1.6 steals, and 1 block per game during the nine playoff games.

The outlook was optimistic heading into the 2000–01 NBA season but a dreaded microfracture surgery on his left knee forced Hardaway to miss all but four games during the season. In those four games he averaged 9.8 points, 4.5 rebounds, 3.8 assists, and 1.5 steals.

Hardaway entered the 2001-02 NBA season healthy and managed to play in 80 regular-season games. Kidd had been dealt for new point guard Stephon Marbury. Kidd's pass-first style was switched with Marbury's shoot-first style which led to Hardaway and Marbury butting heads. Hardaway managed to average 19.9 points, 5.4 rebounds, 4.6 assists, and 1.7 steals during the month of November. The team traded for guard Joe Johnson during the season which relegated Hardaway to the bench for the first time in his career. Despite this he averaged 12 points, 4.4 rebounds, 4.1 assists, and 1.5 steals during the regular season.

Hardaway entered the 2002-03 NBA season coming off the bench. Inconsistent play by young Joe Johnson allowed Hardaway to get back into the starting lineup early in the season. His steady veteran play was a key component to a team that had young stars such as Marbury, Amar'e Stoudemire, and Shawn Marion. Hardaway did miss 24 games with a hand injury in which the team went 10–14 in his absence. He returned in time to record a 10-point, 10-assist, 10-rebound triple-double on April 9 against the Dallas Mavericks. Hardaway finished the regular season averaging 10.6 points, 4.4 rebounds, 4.1 assists, and 1.1 steals. The Suns gave the eventual Champion San Antonio Spurs a scare in the first round before losing in six games. Hardaway averaged 12.7 points, 6 rebounds, 4.3 assists, and 2.2 steals in the series.

The 2003-04 NBA season saw Hardaway shuffle in and out of the Suns starting lineup. He was traded to the New York Knicks January 6, 2004 along with Marbury and Cezary Trybanski. He averaged 8.7 points, 2.9 rebounds, and 2.9 assists in 34 games for the Suns.

In 236 regular season games with the Suns he averaged 12.4 points, 4.5 rebounds, 4.2 assists, and 1.3 steals. In 15 playoff games he averaged 17.3 points, 5.3 rebounds, 5.1 assists, and 1.8 steals.

New York Knicks (2004-2006)

Hardaway and Marbury helped lead the Knicks to the 2004 NBA Playoffs. In 42 regular-season games with the Knicks, Hardaway averaged 9.6 points, 4.5 rebounds, 1.9 assists, and 1 steal. In 76 total games during the season he averaged 9.2 points, 3.8 rebounds, and 2.3 assists. In the playoffs the Knicks lost in the first round to the New Jersey Nets. Hardaway led the Knicks in scoring in two playoff games while averaging 16.5 points, 5.8 assists, 4.5 rebounds, and 1.5 steals in the series.

Hardaway spent most of 2004-05 NBA season fighting various injuries. He averaged 11.9 points, 2.6 assists, and 2.5 rebounds in an 11-game span during the middle part of the season. He finished the season averaging 7.3 points, 2.4 rebounds, and 2 assists in 37 games.

Hardaway played just four games for the Knicks in the 2005-06 NBA season while trying to rehabilitate arthritic knees.[13] He averaged 2.5 points, 2.5 rebounds, and 2 assists in those games.

In 83 games for the Knicks he averaged 8.2 points, 3.5 rebounds, and 1.9 assists.

Hardaway was traded back to Orlando, along with Trevor Ariza, for Steve Francis on February 22, 2006, and waived by the Magic on February 27 to save money when his contract expired the following summer.

Miami Heat (2007-2008)

On August 9, 2007, Hardaway was signed by the Miami Heat for the veteran's minimum,[15] reuniting him with former teammate Shaquille O'Neal.[13] He wore jersey number 7, marking the first time in his pro career that he didn't wear number 1.[16] On December 12, 2007, he was waived by the Miami Heat in order to free up a team spot for free agent Luke Jackson. In 16 regular season games, he averaged 3.8 points, 2.2 rebounds, 2.2 assists & 1.19 steals. His best game of the season was on November 17, with 6-6 shooting for 16 points in a win over the New Jersey Nets 91-87 on the road.

On July 13, 2008, Penny Hardaway participated in the 2008 Zo's Summer Groove Old School vs. New School charity Basketball game, that took place at the American Airlines Arena in Miami, Florida. During the weekend he said that he wanted one more shot in the NBA, and said: "I don't like the way it ended (being released by the Heat in December of 2007), I have some good basketball left in me." He never played in the NBA again.

On August 21, 2008, Penny Hardaway donated one million dollars to the University of Memphis. During the press conference Hardaway had this to say:

Today is a great day. It is a dream come true for me after growing up ten minutes from here and having a dream to make it to the NBA. To be able to go here, go to college, Dr. (Thomas) Carpenter allowed me to have the opportunity to come here. To have a great career, to play with so many great teammates, have great fans and great coaches, and to be able to live out a dream and come back and do something like this for the school, it’s priceless for me. Little kids that grow up in neighborhoods where people tell you that you can’t do things, well a lot of people told me that I couldn’t do things and I didn’t listen to them. I kept my dreams high and my goals high and I accomplished a lot of things that a lot people didn’t think that I was going to be able to accomplish. So I’m so thankful for that and to be able to give back to the school and to the program is something that I’m so glad that I’m able to do.

Career statistics

Regular Season Totals

GM GMS Min MPG FG FGA FG% 3P 3PA 3PT% FT FTA FT% RB RPG AST APG STL SPG BLK BPG PTS PPG HI
704 557 23,713 33.7 3995 8731 45.8% 503 1591 31.6% 2191 2831 77.4% 3146 4.5 3525 5.0 1125 1.6 312 0.4 10,684 15.2 42

Playoff Totals

GM GMS MIN MPG FG FGA FG% 3P 3PA 3PT% FT FTA FT% RB RPG AST APG STL SPG BLK BPG PTS PPG HI
64 63 2640 41.3 456 1018 44.8% 101 266 38% 291 390 74.6% 303 4.7 394 6.2 119 1.9 48 0.8 1304 20.4 42

Appearances on regular season leader board

  • Top 10 Games Played: 1994, 1996, 1999
  • Top 10 Minutes Played: 1994, 1999
  • Top 10 Field Goals: 1996
  • Top 10 Free Throws: 1996
  • Top 10 Free Throws Attempted: 1996
  • Top 15 Points: 1995, 1996
  • Top 15 Assists: 1994, 1995, 1996
  • Top 10 Steals: 1994, 1996, 1999
  • Top 10 Player Efficiency Rating: 1996

Appearances on playoff leader board

  • Top 10 Minutes Per Game: 1994(3rd), 1997(4th), 1999, 2000, 2004
  • Top 5 Games Played: 1995
  • Top 10 Field Goals: 1995, 1996
  • Top 10 Free Throws Made: 1995, 1996
  • Top 10 3PT Field Goals: 1995
  • Top 10 Assists Per Game: 1994, 1995, 1996, 2000, 2004
  • Top 10 Points: 1995(5th), 1996
  • Top 10 Points Per Game: 1996, 1997(2nd)
  • Top 5 Steals: 1995, 1997(3rd), 1999(5th), 2003(4th)

Career awards/accomplishments

  • Memphis High School Player of the Year (1989, 1990)
  • First team All-American selection by the Basketball Times (1990)
  • McDonald's All-American (1990)
  • National High School Player of the Year (1990)
  • Great Midwest Conference (Conference USA) Player of the Year (1992,1993)
  • College All-American (1993)
  • MVP of Rookie Challenge (Then called the Schick Rookie Game) (1994)
  • All-NBA Rookie Team (1994)
  • NBA Player of the Month (Nov 1995)
  • NBA Finals (1995)
  • Gold Medal - USA Men's Basketball (1996 Summer Olympics)
  • All-NBA First Team (1995, '96)
  • All-NBA Third Team (1997)
  • NBA All-Star Team (1995, '96, '97, '98)
  • Six career Triple-Doubles (5 Regular Season & 1 in Playoffs)

Legacy and playing style

Hardaway's style of play was rare in the early 1990s. Players of his height were encouraged to play closer to the basket and often were not ball handlers. He was a pass-first point guard who could score like a shooting guard. Hardaway was too big for most point guards to defend and too fast for shooting guards to defend.[17] Hardaway was also an underrated defender who finished in the top six in steals on three occasions. Hardaway's versatility and size set him apart from many other players of his era. He was the only player during the 1994-95 and 1995-96 seasons to average 20+ points 5+ assists and shoot above 50% on field goals. Early in his career Hardaway's flashy style of play was the closest thing the NBA had seen to Magic Johnson since his retirement. After the departure of Shaquille O'Neal in 1996 Hardaway's role changed to that of the primary scorer. Hardaway continued his role as a shooting guard in the early part of his stint with the Phoenix Suns. Later in his career injuries limited Hardaway's style to that of a versatile, smart role player who was a steady influence on younger players.

Hardaway's popularity reached its peak in the summer of 1996 as he was coming off two consecutive All-NBA first team selections and a selection to the USA Olympic Team. In addition he had the most popular basketball shoe on the market complete with the "Lil' Penny" commercial campaign for Nike, featuring a tiny puppet voiced by Chris Rock.

Many NBA players such as LeBron James,[18] Gilbert Arenas,[19] Joe Johnson, Tracy McGrady,[20] Hakim Warrick, Tyreke Evans, Trevor Ariza,[21], Rawle Marshall[22],and Antonio Burks[23] have said that they idolized Hardaway when they were growing up.

Many of the shoes in Hardaway's signature shoe line, "Air Penny", have been reissued over the years as a testament to his popularity.[24][25][26] The Nike Air Penny signature line includes the Air Penny I, Air Penny II[27], Air Penny III, Air Penny IV, as well as the Nike Air Foamposite One and the Nike 1/2 Cent that both featured Penny's "1 cent" logo on the shoe.

References

  1. ^ "Anfernee Hardaway Bio Page". NBA.com. http://www.nba.com/playerfile/anfernee_hardaway/bio.html. Retrieved 2008-04-15. 
  2. ^ a b pennyhardaway.net - Offline
  3. ^ http://m.commercialappeal.com/news/2008/aug/21/penny-hardaway-give-1-million-university-memphis
  4. ^ http://www.usabasketball.com/history/mdev_1992.html
  5. ^ Collegehoopsnet.com - Top 100 Point Guards (Modern Era)
  6. ^ "ESPN Silver Anniversary Teams". ESPN.com. 2004-01-24. http://sports.espn.go.com/ncb/news/story?page=espnsilverteams. Retrieved 2007-12-08. 
  7. ^ Move over, Michael: it's Penny's league now - Orlando Magic's Penny Hardaway - NBA Report - Column | Sporting News, The | Find Articles at BNET.com
  8. ^ 1995-96 NBA Awards Voting - Basketball-Reference.com
  9. ^ http://www.usabasketball.com/history/moly_1996.html
  10. ^ Brian Hill Is Out as Magic Coach, NBA Official Says | TheLedger.com
  11. ^ Magic trade Francis for Penny : Orlando : Naples Daily News
  12. ^ a b "Penny Presser". NBA.com/suns. 1999-08-05. http://www.nba.com/suns/news/hardaway_conference.html. Retrieved 2007-12-08. 
  13. ^ a b c "Hardaway signs with Heat, reunites with Shaq". ESPN. 2007-08-10. http://sports.espn.go.com/nba/news/story?id=2967891. Retrieved 2007-12-08. 
  14. ^ "1999-2000 Season Recap". NBA.com/suns. http://www.nba.com/suns/history/9900_recap.html. Retrieved 2007-12-08. 
  15. ^ Duncan, Andrew (2007-08-10). "Heat Sign Penny Hardaway". eNews 2.0. http://www.enews20.com/news_Heat_Sign_Penny_Hardaway_01960.html. Retrieved 2007-12-08. 
  16. ^ of the Miami Heat at Miamihoopsgear.com
  17. ^ Jay Busbee: The Official Site
  18. ^ Bucher, Ric (2003-04-25). "This old Penny still possesses plenty of value". ESPN.com. http://sports.espn.go.com/nba/playoffs2003/story?id=1544907. Retrieved 2007-12-08. 
  19. ^ "Arenas Chat Transcript". NBA.com/wizards. http://www.nba.com/wizards/chat/arenas_chat_transcript_112105.html. Retrieved 2007-12-08. 
  20. ^ Tracy McGrady - Hoopedia
  21. ^ The article requested can not be found! Please refresh your browser or go back. (A9,20070404,SPORTS,704040377,AR)
  22. ^ http://www.draftexpress.com/article/NBDL-Interview-Rawle-Marshall-1184/
  23. ^ Search Results for " ednacampbell.net "
  24. ^ Sneakers - Nike Air Max Penny 1
  25. ^ Sneakers - Air Max Penny IV Retroed for 2006
  26. ^ Sneakers - Penny Air Foamposite One Retro
  27. ^ Nike Air Penny II

External links


Simple English

Anfernee Hardaway
Position(s):
Guard/Forward
Jersey #(s):
1, 7
Born: July 18, 1971 (1971-07-18) (age 39)
Memphis, Tennessee
Career information
Year(s): 1993–2007
NBA Draft: 1993 / Round: 1 / Pick: 3
College: Memphis State University
Professional teams
Career stats
Points     10,684
Rebounds     3,146
Assists     3,525
Career highlights and awards
  • 4-time All-Star
  • 3-time All-NBA Selection
  • 1994 All-Rookie First Team
  • 1994 Rookie Game MVP
  • 1993 All American
  • 1990 Parade Magazine National High School Player of the Year
Olympic medal record
Men's Basketball
Gold 1996 Atlanta United States

Anfernee Deon "Penny" Hardaway (born July 18, 1971, in Memphis, Tennessee) is a former American professional basketball player in the National Basketball Association (NBA).








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