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Pensnett is an area of the Metropolitan Borough of Dudley, West Midlands, England. It is situated three miles south-west of Dudley and two miles north of Brierley Hill. In 1966, Pensnett joined the County Borough of Dudley which became part of the Metropolitan Borough of Dudley in 1974.

Contents

Origins

Pensnett Chase, in the countryside of south Staffordshire, was an area mentioned in the Domesday book, part of the Dudley estate. The name is from the Celtic 'pen', for hill and the Anglo-Saxon 'snaed' for 'a piece of woodland'.[1] For many years, it was used as common ground, for animal grazing although officially a hunting reserve.[2], although was known as an area where coal and iron could be found. Pensnett Close was first enclosed in 1744, with the Pensnett Chase Act being passed in 1784 to enclose it further, which included a clause to compensate people for mining subsidence[3], indicating the industry was well established in the area.

Pensnett was made part of the parish of St Mark's in 1844. Towards the end of the 19th century the face of the area began a period of dramatic change. Several factories were built in Pensnett and the factory workers were mostly employed in the iron and steel industries. Many terraced houses with shop fronts were developed along the village's High Street around the turn of the 20th century, but the biggest changes were yet to come.

After World War I, Brierley Hill Urban District Council followed the example of almost every other local authority in Britain and built houses which were to be rented out to working class families. Several hundred council houses were built in the Pensnett area between 1920 and 1966, although a large percentage of the village's homes were privately owned.

Location

Pensnett lies in the Brierley Hill DY5 postal district. Due to its proximity to the Merry Hill Shopping Centre, which was built during the 1980s, the roads around Pensnett are nowadays extremely congested. As long ago as the early 1990s, there were plans to build a relief road around Pensnett, but they have yet to come to fruition.

Pensnett is home to the Pensnett Trading Estate, which has gradually expanded since about 1970. It includes many industrial and commercial businesses, and since August 1993 has included a Travel West Midlands bus depot which replaced a depot in Dudley town centre.

Education

The local secondary school is the Pensnett High School in Tiled House Lane which was previously known as Pensnett School of Technology and Pensnett Secondary Modern School. The school changed from Pensnett School of Technology to Pensnett High School in 2007. However, shortly after the school's update, it was announced that the school will be closed in 2010 and all the children will be sent to two new academies in the Dudley area.

The local authority's Learning Support centre was situated on Birds Meadow from 1978 until 1989, within the buildings of the former Birds Meadow Infant School which dated back to the 1930s. The site was redeveloped for private housing in the early 1990s.

Links

References

  1. ^ Guide to Staffordshire and the Black Country,The Potteries and the Peak, p 249, Michael Raven.
  2. ^ A History of Brierley Hill, Dudley Council
  3. ^ Hansard

Coordinates: 52°30′01″N 2°07′48″W / 52.5002°N 2.1301°W / 52.5002; -2.1301

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