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.Pentecostalism is a charismatic renewal movement within Christianity that places special emphasis on a direct personal experience of God through the baptism in the Holy Spirit.^ Comforter, he, Spirit of truth = God, the Holy Spirit .
  • Apostolic Church Apostasy: UPC Oneness, United Pentecostal Church cult of Jesus Only 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC www.dokimos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ What unites Pentecostals is the common experience of the baptism in the Holy Spirit.
  • Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.orlutheran.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The baptism in the Holy Spirit is an experience in which the believer yields control of himself to the Holy Spirit.
  • Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.cprf.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

[1] .The term Pentecostal is derived from Pentecost, a Greek term describing the Jewish Feast of Weeks.^ The Pentecost was part of the Jewish feast known as the "Feasts of weeks".
  • The Voice of the Third Angel 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.prophet2000.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The name derives from Pentecost , the Greek name for the Jewish Feast of Weeks, which falls on the fiftieth day after Passover.
  • Pentecostalism Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The term Pentecostal is derived from Pentecost , a Greek term describing the Jewish Feast of Weeks .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.For Christians, this event commemorates the descent of the Holy Spirit upon the followers of Jesus Christ, as described in the second chapter of the Book of Acts,[2] and Pentecostals tend to see their movement as reflecting the same kind of spiritual power, worship styles and teachings that were found in the early church.^ Baptism in the Holy Spirit is the central event of Pentecostalism.
  • BBC - Religions - Christianity: Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ This is contrary to what we see in the book of Acts and the Epistles.
  • Strange History of Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Pentecostals believe that their movement is faithful to the teachings and experience of the early Church, specifically the narrative of Acts.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.For this reason, some Pentecostals also use the term Apostolic or full gospel to describe their movement.^ A church describing itself as Full Gospel is probably Pentecostal.
  • Catholic Answers: This Rock: Quick Questions: Pentecostal 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC www.catholic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For this reason, some Pentecostals also use the term Apostolic or full gospel to describe their movement.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Only Pentecostalism has the "full gospel."
  • Pentecostalism: Its Identity, History, and Influence 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.prca.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.cprf.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.Pentecostalism is an umbrella term that includes a wide range of different theological and organizational perspectives.^ Pentecostalism is an umbrella term that includes a wide range of different theological and organizational perspectives.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pentecostalism is an umbrella term including a wide range of different theological and organizational perspectives.
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pentecostalism, like any other major movement, has given birth to a large number of organizations and denominations with political, social and theological differences.
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.As a result, there is no single central organization or church that directs the movement.^ As a result, there is no central organization or church which directs the movement.
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There is no latter rain church or churches.

^ As a result, there is no single central organization or church that directs the movement.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Pentecostalism is theologically and historically close to the charismatic movement as it significantly influenced that movement, and sometimes the terms Pentecostal and charismatic are used interchangeably.^ This is the charismatic movement, or charismatic renewal, in distinction from Pentecostalism.
  • Pentecostalism: Its Identity, History, and Influence 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.prca.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.cprf.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ This is sometimes referred to as the New Charismatic Movement.

^ The second explosion has been the Pentecostal and Charismatic movement.

.Furthermore, Pentecostals are theologically diverse with some groups being Trinitarian and others Nontrinitarian.^ Furthermore, Pentecostals are theologically diverse with some groups being Trinitarian and others Nontrinitarian .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It should be noted that in this period the Pentecostal group included several theologians, despite a persistent suspicion in their communities of theological study and formulations (which did not mean being less faithful to doctrine).
  • DIALOGUE WITH PENTECOSTALS 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And these are the kinds of things that are more appealing, let's say, than a quite liturgical experience being held in some other type of churches.
  • Black Judaism, Pentecostalism In Focus : NPR 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.npr.org [Source type: General]

[citation needed]
.Within North American classical Pentecostalism there are three major orientations: Wesleyan holiness, Higher Life, and Oneness.^ Within North American classical Pentecostalism there are three major orientations: Wesleyan holiness , Higher Life , and Oneness .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Synan is a member of the Holiness-Pentecostal Church, which is Wesleyan in orientation.
  • ASSESSING THE ROOTS 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC are.as.wvu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There is also a tendency of modelism in the oneness Pentecostalism.
  • Basil's Pneumatology 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.pctii.org [Source type: Original source]

[3] .Examples of Wesleyan holiness denominations include the Church of God in Christ (COGIC) and the International Pentecostal Holiness Church (IPHC).^ Pentecostal faiths include such denominations as the Church of God, the Assemblies of God, the International Church of the Foursquare Gospel, and the United Pentecostal Church International.
  • Christian Gateway: Pentecostal: Ultimate Destination for Christianity and the Pentecostal faith on the Internet 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC www.christiangateway.com [Source type: General]

^ Langley Pentecostal Holiness Church where she was also a member of the ...
  • Pentecostalism News - Religion Today 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC religion.einnews.com [Source type: News]

^ Holiness Pentecostals include the largest historically African American Pentecostal denomination, the Church of God in Christ (COGIC in Memphis, Tennessee) as well as historically white denominations such as the Church of God (Cleveland, Tennessee), the Church of God in Christ-International, and the Pentecostal Holiness Church.
  • Content Pages of the Encyclopedia of Religion and Social Science 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.hirr.hartsem.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The International Church of the Foursquare Gospel is an example of the Higher Life branch, while the Assemblies of God (AG) was influenced by both groups.^ The Assemblies of God was my life, and its mission was my mission.
  • Up from Pentecostalism (This Rock: September 1995) 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ International Church of the Foursquare Gospel - 4 articles .
  • Pentecostalism - ChristianityTodayLibrary.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC ctlibrary.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Church, which is both Pentecostal and transcultural: the Assemblies of God of French Polynesia.
  • The Growth of Pentecostalism in French Polynesia: A Hakka History - China perspectives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC chinaperspectives.revues.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[3][4] .Some Oneness churches include the United Pentecostal Church International (UPCI), Pentecostal Assemblies of the World (PAW), and Assemblies of the Lord Jesus Christ (ALJC).^ Bishop S.K. Grimes of the Pentecostal Assemblies of the World renewed the charter for the parent fellowship, and the PAJC became an almost exclusively white Oneness organization.
  • Glossary of Pentecostal History « The Old Landmark: Celebrating Apostolic Heritage 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC oldlandmark.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Grace Pentecostal Church: Jesus is Lord and God .

^ Yet the fantastic fact remains that the person of Jesus Christ-when he is presented right-has the greatest single appeal to the human heart in this world."
  • Theology Today - Vol 30, No. 3 - October 1973 - ARTICLE - Pentecostalism and Black Power 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC theologytoday.ptsem.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Many Pentecostal groups are affiliated with the Pentecostal World Conference.^ Many Pentecostal groups are affiliated with the Pentecostal World Conference .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And Pentecostalism in 2007 is "timely to the umpteenth power" because of its growth in the U.S. and the world, according to Samuel Rodriguez, president of the National Hispanic Christian Leadership Conference, the largest evangelical Christian Hispanic group in the country.
  • Hispanics power city's Pentecostal growth spurt (with video) | www.azstarnet.com ® 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.azstarnet.com [Source type: News]

^ In January, 1918, the General Assembly of the Apostolic Assemblies merged with the Pentecostal Assemblies of the World, a denomination affiliated with the original Pentecostal revival on Azusa Street in Los Angeles.
  • The Watchman Expositor: Oneness Pentecostalism Profile 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC www.watchman.org [Source type: Original source]

.Pentecostalism claims more than 250 million adherents worldwide.^ More than 500-million Christians practice Pentecostalism worldwide.
  • Worldandnation: Fiery Pentecostal spirit spreads into mainstream Christianity 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.sptimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Pentecostalism claims more than 250 million adherents worldwide.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It claims approximately eleven million American adherents and a worldwide following of more than 430 million.
  • http://jsr.as.wvu.edu/2002/Stephens.htm 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC jsr.as.wvu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[5] .When charismatics are included with Pentecostals the number increases to nearly a quarter of the world's two billion Christians.^ It is estmated that of the world's 2 billion Christians, a quarter are Pentecostals or Charismatics.
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When charismatics are included with Pentecostals the number increases to nearly a quarter of the world's two billion Christians.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is estimated that Pentecostals and charismatics comprise approximately one-fourth of Christians worldwide, and the numbers are only expected to grow, especially in Asia, Africa, and Latin America.
  • Spirit Poured Out on All Flesh, The | Publishing Commerce | Bethany House Publishers - Christian Fiction, Nonfiction, Children's Books 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.bethanyhouse.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[1]

Contents

Beliefs

.Pentecostalism is an evangelical movement emphasizing the reliability of the Bible and the need for the transformation of an individual's life through faith in Jesus.^ Theology Theologically, most Pentecostal denominations are aligned with Evangelicalism in that they emphasize the reliability of the Bible and the need for the transformation of an individual's life with faith in Jesus.

^ Theologically, most Pentecostal denominations are aligned with Evangelicalism in that they emphasize the reliability of the Bible and the need for the transformation of an individual's life with faith in Jesus.

^ Theologically, some Pentecostal denominations are aligned with Evangelicalism in that they emphasize the reliability of the Bible and the need for the transformation of an individual's life with faith in Jesus .
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[6] .Pentecostals generally adhere to the doctrine of biblical inerrancy, believing that the Bible has definitive authority in matters of faith and adopt a literalist approach to its interpretation.^ Pentecostals also believe that the Bible has the final authority in matters of faith.
  • Pentecostal 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC www.lightplanet.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Pentecostalism - Christianity Knowledge Base 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC christianity.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pentecostals also typically believe, like most other evangelicals, that the Bible has definitive authority in matters of faith.

^ Most Pentecostals also adhere to the doctrine of Biblical inerrancy.

.This belief is expressed in the doctrinal statements of various Pentecostal organizations, such as the Assemblies of God Statement of Fundamental Truths, the Affirmation of Faith of the Church of God in Christ, and the Declaration of Faith of the International Church of the Foursquare Gospel.^ The world's largest Pentecostal denomination, the Assemblies of God , holds to this belief as does the Elim Pentecostal Church , the Apostolic Church , Church of God , the Church of God in Christ , and the Foursquare Church (See Statement of Fundamental Truths of the Assemblies of God ).
  • Pentecostalism at AllExperts 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Church, which is both Pentecostal and transcultural: the Assemblies of God of French Polynesia.
  • The Growth of Pentecostalism in French Polynesia: A Hakka History - China perspectives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC chinaperspectives.revues.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It simply is not the truth of God in Jesus Christ.
  • Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.cprf.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.There are common beliefs and traits that Pentecostals share.^ There are common beliefs and traits that Pentecostals share.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Our Anti-Intellectual Heritage The history and beliefs of the Pentecostal movement, often shared by evangelicals, hold the seeds of a bias against the life of the mind.
  • Pentecostalism | Christianity Today | A Magazine of Evangelical Conviction 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.christianitytoday.com [Source type: General]

^ Marty thinks that there is a belief of Pentecostalism without its theology.
  • Basil's Pneumatology 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.pctii.org [Source type: Original source]

.There are also many different sub-groups within the movement where teaching and practice differ from group to group and from congregation to congregation.^ There are also many different sub-groups within the movement where teaching and practice differ from group to group and from congregation to congregation.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I do know there are differences if you were within the...
  • Black Judaism, Pentecostalism In Focus : NPR 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.npr.org [Source type: General]

^ It will also examine how these changes are felt in local congregations of many different non-Pentecostal traditions.
  • Course information and syllabus for Contemporary Religious Trends 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.hartsem.edu [Source type: Academic]

Salvation

.Reflecting its Methodist influences, Pentecostal soteriology is generally Arminian rather than Calvinist.^ Pentecostalism is egocentric rather than Theocentric.
  • Should a Baptist Church Embrace Pentecostalism? 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.pbministries.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Because many Pentecostal denominations are descended from Methodism and the Methodist Holiness Movement , Pentecostal soteriology is generally Arminian rather than Calvinist .
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They are Arminian rather than Calvinist.
  • Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.orlutheran.com [Source type: Original source]

[7] .Pentecostals believe that in order to receive salvation and enter Heaven, one must accept the teachings of Jesus Christ as described in the Bible.^ All the churches accepted Pentecostalism and approved the Pentecostal spirit as the Spirit of Jesus Christ.
  • Pentecostalism: Its Identity, History, and Influence 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.prca.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.cprf.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Each believer must have his own "personal Pentecost."
  • Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.cprf.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ One even claims he is Jesus Christ!
  • The Rising Tide of Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.realtruth.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This includes being born again or being regenerated, and is the fundamental requirement of Pentecostalism.^ This includes being born again or being regenerated , and is the fundamental requirement of Pentecostalism.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This includes being born again or regeneration and is the fundamental requirement of Pentecostalism.
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Also, Pentecostals would be likely to regard being Catholic as like being Jewish, because Catholic is something you are born into – or so it would seem to them.
  • terra spiritus > Wonder > Who are Pentecostals? 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.terraspiritus.com.au [Source type: Original source]

.Most Pentecostals also believe that salvation is a gift received by grace through faith in Jesus Christ, and cannot be earned through good deeds alone such as penance.^ For by grace you have been saved through faith .
  • Answering 'Oneness' Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC thriceholy.net [Source type: Original source]

^ In fact, most of the early Pentecostals believed this.

^ Most Pentecostals also believe that salvation is a gift received by grace through faith in Jesus Christ, and cannot be earned through good deeds alone (e.g.
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Also, most do not believe that Spirit baptism or speaking in tongues is required for salvation; though believers are encouraged to seek these experiences.^ Thirdly, this experience of Spirit baptism and its initial evidence in tongue speaking must be earnestly sought by believers.

^ The baptism in the Holy Spirit is an experience in which the believer yields control of himself to the Holy Spirit.
  • Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.cprf.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ The revival was characterized by what participants believed to be the biblical experience of speaking in tongues.

.However, there are notable differences among them as to exactly how one is born again, especially between Oneness believers and other Pentecostals.^ But there are big differences between a Pentecostal and a Charismatic.
  • Pentecostal But Not Charimsatic 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC www.actsion.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Pentecostals believe that there are different types of instances of speaking in tongues.

^ How, then, if one and one, are there not two Gods?
  • Basil's Pneumatology 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.pctii.org [Source type: Original source]

.For the Oneness Pentecostal perspective on salvation, see the Oneness Pentecostal section of this article below.^ For many Americans, Latin American missionary activity was conceived as an extension of the evangelization of the American frontier (Baldwin: 19-20; for a Pentecostal perspective, see Robeck).
  • Journal of Religion and Society 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC moses.creighton.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Oneness Pentecostals see Jesus as the incarnate Word of God; so do Trinitarians.
  • The Gospel According to Oneness Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.gospeloutreach.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Though it's tough to see how reciting scripture can send a soul to Hell, according to the 'Oneness' Pentecostals, those so baptized are eternally lost.
  • Answering 'Oneness' Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC thriceholy.net [Source type: Original source]

Spirit baptism and spiritual gifts

.Pentecostal belief and practice center on their understanding of the infilling or baptism of the Holy Spirit.^ What unites Pentecostals is the common experience of the baptism in the Holy Spirit.
  • Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.orlutheran.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Baptism in the Holy Spirit is the central event of Pentecostalism.
  • BBC - Religions - Christianity: Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Main article: Spiritual gifts Pentecostal belief and practice center on their understanding of the infilling or baptism of the Holy Spirit .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Most Pentecostals understand this infilling to be subsequent to salvation which allows those who have been filled to experience spiritual gifts which are described in the Bible.^ Most of those who sought "their Pentecost" were not disappointed.
  • Untitled Document 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC jsr.as.wvu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pentecostalism has been described as evangelical experience on steroids.
  • ABC News Ties Sarah Palin to Pentecostalism | NewsBusters.org 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.newsbusters.org [Source type: General]

^ Most Pentecostals understand this infilling to be subsequent to salvation which allows those who have been filled to experience spiritual gifts which are described in the Bible.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[8] .Traditionally, Pentecostals have taught that the "initial evidence" of Spirit baptism is speaking in tongues, unlike charismatics who generally assign no special importance to tongues considering the receipt of any of the gifts as evidence of infilling.^ Thirdly, this experience of Spirit baptism and its initial evidence in tongue speaking must be earnestly sought by believers.

^ Modern Pentecostals identify speaking in tongues as the initial evidence of Spirit baptism, replicating the experience of the disciples in the Upper Room in Acts 2.
  • Glossary of Pentecostal History « The Old Landmark: Celebrating Apostolic Heritage 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC oldlandmark.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Those who do not speak in tongues may not be considered "spirit filled."
  • Pentecostalism and Its Impact 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.rickross.com [Source type: Original source]

.Pentecostalism distinguishes between the Spirit's indwelling, which happens when one is saved, and the baptism of the Holy Spirit, which is subsequent to salvation.^ Baptism in the Holy Spirit is the central event of Pentecostalism.
  • BBC - Religions - Christianity: Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Pentecostals believe that baptism in the Spirit is an essential part of salvation.
  • BBC - Religions - Christianity: Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ For Pentecostals, the primary thing is the baptism of the Holy Spirit as power for service.
  • Trends in Pentecostal Hermeneutics 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC enrichmentjournal.ag.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Members of the Pentecostal Church of God in Lejunior, Kentucky pray for a girl in 1946.
.While speaking in tongues frequently receives strong emphasis among Pentecostals, most also believe in the existence of other supernatural gifts that may be received from the Holy Spirit.^ And you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.'
  • BBC - Religions - Christianity: Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1890 she reports people receiving the gift of the Holy Spirit as evidenced with the speaking in other tongues and people seeing heavenly visions.

^ Those who do not speak in tongues may not be considered "spirit filled."
  • Pentecostalism and Its Impact 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.rickross.com [Source type: Original source]

.Most Pentecostals believe that not all Christians necessarily receive all of these gifts.^ But these are only things Pentecostal Christians do.
  • IPHC Archive Pentecostal Inventory 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC arc.iphc.org [Source type: Academic]

^ In fact, most of the early Pentecostals believed this.

^ By most measures, Christian Pentecostalism.

.One frequently cited list is 1 Corinthians 12:8-11 which includes the following gifts: words of wisdom (the ability to provide supernatural guidance in decisions), words of knowledge (impartation of factual information from the Spirit), faith, healing, miracle-working, prophecy (the pronouncement of a message from God, not necessarily involving knowledge of the future), discerning of spirits (the ability to tell if evil spirits are at work), tongues, and interpretation of tongues.^ BIBLICAL TONGUES WERE ACCOMPANIED BY THE MIRACULOUS GIFT OF INTERPRETATION. “For to one is given by the Spirit the word of wisdom; to another the word of knowledge by the same Spirit; to another faith by the same Spirit; to another the gifts of healing by the same Spirit; to another the working of miracles; to another prophecy; to another discerning of spirits; to another divers kinds of tongues; to another the interpretation of tongues” (1 Cor.
  • Pentecostal-Charismatic Tongues Vs. the Bible 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

^ All nine of the “manifestations” of the Holy Spirit (1 Corinthians 11: 7-11) are supernatural enablings (gifts) by the Spirit.
  • Christian Witness Ministries » Blog Archive » Pentecostalism is it biblical or just part of the Con? 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.christian-witness.org [Source type: Original source]

^ We believe that it is the privilege of the Spirit-baptized believers to enjoy the benefits of spiritual gifts-wisdom, knowledge, faith, gifts of healing, working of miracles, prophecy, discerning of spirits, divers kinds of tongues, and the interpretation of tongues, and that these gifts are separate and apart from the baptism with the Holy Ghost.
  • PFWB Faith and Practices - Pentecostal Free Will Baptist Website 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC www.pfwb.org [Source type: Original source]

[8]

Speaking in tongues

.Speaking in tongues is a distinctive Pentecostal practice.^ The Pentecostal distinction between speaking in tongues and the gift of tongues is not warranted by Scripture.
  • Pentecostalism Not Scriptural by Franklin Huling - Bible Doctrine - Wholesome Words 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.wholesomewords.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Classical Pentecostalism was also usually distinguished by a distinct emphasis on speaking in tongues.
  • Thinking in Tongues | First Things 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.firstthings.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Speaking in tongues, or glossolialia , has been considered the primary practice of Pentecostals.
  • Heresy, Bad Taste, or Capitalist Adventure: Is it Still Pentecostalism? | Religion & Theology | ReligionDispatches 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.religiondispatches.org [Source type: General]

.A Pentecostal believer in a spiritual experience may vocalize fluent, unintelligible utterances (glossolalia), or articulate an alleged natural language previously unknown to them (xenoglossy).^ A Pentecostal believer in a religious experience may vocalize fluent, unintelligible utterances ( glossolalia ), or articulate an alleged natural language previously unknown to them ( xenoglossy ).
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There were scattered rumors of xenoglossia (the speaking of known languages that are unknown to the speaker) at various revival meetings in the Southern US, and one or two incidents which may even have crossed into glossolalia (ecstatic speech).
  • Pre-Pentecostalist History 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.spirithome.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is correct and fair to say that Pentecostals, with perhaps a very few exceptions, would agree that the speaking in tongues is not mere gibberish or unintelligible sounds, but a speaking in real languages, which, however, are unknown and unlearned by the speaker.

.Within Pentecostalism, there is usually a distinction made between two types of tongues.^ Pentecostals believe that there are two different types of instances of speaking in tongues.

^ Pentecostals believe that there are different types of instances of speaking in tongues.

^ The Pentecostal distinction between speaking in tongues and the gift of tongues is not warranted by Scripture.
  • Pentecostalism Not Scriptural by Franklin Huling - Bible Doctrine - Wholesome Words 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.wholesomewords.org [Source type: Original source]

.First, many see it as the initial evidence of the baptism in the Holy Spirit when a believer speaks in tongues for the first time.^ The baptism in the Holy Spirit is an experience in which the believer yields control of himself to the Holy Spirit.
  • Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.cprf.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Here, many came to the conclusion that speaking in tongues was the biblical sign of the Holy Spirit's baptism.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The initial evidence of the baptism in the Holy Spirit is speaking in other tongues as the Spirit gives utterance, Acts 2:1-4, 39; 9:17; 1 Cor.
  • Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.cprf.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

[9] .Most Pentecostal denominations consider this to be the sign of that believer being filled with the Holy Spirit.^ Being filled with the Holy Spirit .
  • BBC - Religions - Christianity: Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ In fact, most of the early Pentecostals believed this.

^ Most Pentecostal denominations consider this to be the sign of that believer being filled with the Holy Spirit.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[10] .Secondly, Pentecostals often refer to a gift of tongues.^ Secondly, there is the gift of tongues.
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Great” refers to the exaltation of tongues in Pentecostalism.
  • Christian Witness Ministries » Blog Archive » Pentecostalism is it biblical or just part of the Con? 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.christian-witness.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Secondly, Pentecostals often refer to a gift of tongues.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[9] This is when a person is moved by God to speak in tongues "as the Spirit gives him utterance" (Act 2:4). .This gift of tongues may be exercised anywhere, but many denominations insist that it must only be exercised when a person who has the gift of interpretation of tongues is present—whether that be another person, or the same one who gives the tongue.^ To one is given this gift to another is given another gift.

^ It may be one organism in one cell or one organism in many cells.
  • Oneness Pentecostalism and the Trinity 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.gospeloutreach.net [Source type: Original source]

^ A person may speak in tongues in private WITHOUT interpretation as he is “speaking to God” i.e.
  • Christian Witness Ministries » Blog Archive » Pentecostalism is it biblical or just part of the Con? 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.christian-witness.org [Source type: Original source]

.The interpreter must translate the tongue into the language of the gathered Christians, so that all can understand the message.^ This allegedly occurs as the messages of tongues are interpreted.
  • Pentecostal-Charismatic Tongues Vs. the Bible 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The interpreter must translate the tongue into the language of the gathered Christians, so that all can understand the message.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It seems to have been written in a language which we all can understand.
  • The Pentecostal Experience - A Study in Acts 2 | Bible.org; NET Bible, Bible Study 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC bible.org [Source type: Original source]

.These regulations for church order are taken from 1 Corinthians 14:13 and 14:27-28.^ Corinthians 14: 27-28 .
  • What to make of Palin’s Pentecostalism? | Civil Religion | STLtoday 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.stltoday.com [Source type: General]

^ Corinthians 14: 28.
  • Christian Witness Ministries » Blog Archive » Pentecostalism is it biblical or just part of the Con? 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.christian-witness.org [Source type: Original source]

^ These regulations for church order are taken from 1 Corinthians 14:13 and 14:27-28 .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Many Pentecostals, particularly after the growth and influence of the charismatic movement, believe that the gift of tongues is different than tongues as a prayer language or speaking in tongues (the unknown tongue).^ 'The growth of the Pentecostal movement in .

^ As to how do I know I’m speaking in tongues/ languages?
  • Christian Witness Ministries » Blog Archive » Pentecostalism is it biblical or just part of the Con? 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.christian-witness.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The main gift is tongues-speaking.
  • Try the Spirits: A Reformed Look at Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.cprf.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.According to this view, speaking in tongues is an utterance granted by God for prayer, and the gift of tongues is a rare miracle in which God enables a Christian to speak in a foreign language he has not previously studied in order to proclaim the gospel.^ Tongues, speaking to GOD EX-Pentecostal .
  • Pentecostal - Christian Discussion Forums - CARM 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC forums.carm.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Of course, God speaks with our tongues, but not their language."

^ According to this view, the gift of tongues is believed to be the ability to speak in a foreign human language that the speaker does not speak while the speaking in tongues as a prayer language cannot be attributed to any human language.
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Other Pentecostals believe they are one and the same, in which the gift of tongues is speaking unknown languages (including that of angels) not for the purpose of communicating with others but for "communication between the soul and God".[11] When used this way, speaking in tongues is often referred to as a "prayer language". Certain groups of Pentecostals emphasize the idea of speaking in tongues only when the Holy Spirit comes upon an individual, and do not believe that anyone can legitimately speak in tongues at will.^ Many believe they are the same.
  • Pentecostal But Not Charimsatic 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC www.actsion.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The claim of Pentecostalism that they have "restored" the lost gifts of the Holy Spirit is pure fiction.
  • Pentecostalism Not Scriptural by Franklin Huling - Bible Doctrine - Wholesome Words 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.wholesomewords.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I for one don't believe in all the rituals when it comes to the "Pentecost".
  • Pentecostalism on the Rise - Exclusiva 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC blogs.abcnews.com [Source type: General]

.Early in the 20th century, the majority of Pentecostal missionaries, along with prominent Pentecostal leaders, maintained that speaking in tongues was a form of xenoglossia in which the Holy Spirit enabled them to speak in other languages.^ Early in the 20th century, the majority of Pentecostal missionaries, along with prominent Pentecostal leaders, maintained that speaking in tongues was a form of xenoglossia in which the Holy Spirit enabled them to speak in other languages.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Other Pentecostal leaders maintained the original Holiness perspective.
  • Glossary of Pentecostal History « The Old Landmark: Celebrating Apostolic Heritage 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC oldlandmark.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Secondly, this baptism in or with the Spirit is evidenced initially by speaking in other tongues.

.As continued investigations repeatedly concluded that speaking in tongues was a form of utterance that lacked all syntactical structure, and almost always consisted of syllables taken from the speaker's native language, Pentecostal theologians redefined their beliefs.^ As to how do I know I’m speaking in tongues/ languages?
  • Christian Witness Ministries » Blog Archive » Pentecostalism is it biblical or just part of the Con? 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.christian-witness.org [Source type: Original source]

^ As continued investigations repeatedly concluded that speaking in tongues was a form of ecstatic utterance that lacked all syntactical structure and almost always consisted of syllables taken from the speaker's native language, Pentecostal theologians started to redefine their beliefs.
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pentecostalism is found in almost all churches.
  • Pentecostalism: Its Identity, History, and Influence 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.prca.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.cprf.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

[12] .Most now preach that speaking in tongues is a personal prayer language, or glossolalia; and is, with the above exceptions, not xenoglossia.^ As to how do I know I’m speaking in tongues/ languages?
  • Christian Witness Ministries » Blog Archive » Pentecostalism is it biblical or just part of the Con? 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.christian-witness.org [Source type: Original source]

^ When used this way, speaking in tongues is often referred to as a "prayer language".
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most now preach that speaking in tongues is a personal prayer language, glossolalia, and is not xenoglossia.
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Ordinances and practices

.Like other Christian churches, Pentecostals believe that certain rituals or ceremonies were instituted as a pattern and command by Jesus in the New Testament.^ Main article: Ordinance (Christian) Like other Christian churches, Pentecostals believe that certain rituals or ceremonies were instituted as a pattern and command by Jesus in the New Testament.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pentecost believers, not part of the apostolic church.
  • United Pentecostal Church - by Dr. H. Wayne House 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC www.mtio.com [Source type: Original source]

^ What the Pentecostal church is like for a kid .
  • » The Pentecostal Church and The Holy Ghost Want You To Wear Pig Panties - Violent Acres 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC www.violentacres.com [Source type: General]

.Some Pentecostals commonly call these ceremonies ordinances.^ Some call these ‘ministry gifts’.
  • Christian Witness Ministries » Blog Archive » Pentecostalism is it biblical or just part of the Con? 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.christian-witness.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Some Pentecostals commonly call these ceremonies ordinances .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some call these ‘manifestational gifts’.
  • Christian Witness Ministries » Blog Archive » Pentecostalism is it biblical or just part of the Con? 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.christian-witness.org [Source type: Original source]

.Many Christians call these sacraments, however, this term is not used by some Pentecostals as they do not see ordinances as imparting grace.^ Some call these ‘ministry gifts’.
  • Christian Witness Ministries » Blog Archive » Pentecostalism is it biblical or just part of the Con? 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.christian-witness.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But these are only things Pentecostal Christians do.
  • IPHC Archive Pentecostal Inventory 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC arc.iphc.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Some Pentecostals commonly call these ceremonies ordinances .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[5] .Instead the term sacerdotal ordinance is used to denote the distinctive belief that grace is received directly from God by the congregant with the officiant serving only to facilitate rather than acting as a conduit or vicar.^ Instead the term sacerdotal ordinance is used to denote the distinctive belief that grace is received directly from God by the congregant with the officiant serving only to facilitate rather than acting as a conduit or vicar .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Christians use such nonbiblical terms as "Trinity" and "person" because they express the biblical truth about God in such a way as to exclude unbiblical perversions of that truth.
  • Oneness Pentecostalism and the Trinity 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.gospeloutreach.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Pentecostals use music whose message and music centers in mans feelings and experiences rather than God and His glory.
  • Should a Baptist Church Embrace Pentecostalism? 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.pbministries.org [Source type: Original source]

.The ordinance of baptism is the outward symbol of an inner conversion that has already taken place.^ For Pentecostals water baptism is an outward symbol of a conversion that has already occurred.
  • BBC - Religions - Christianity: Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ The ordinance of baptism is the outward symbol of an inner conversion that has already taken place.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is when, after conversion, a baptism of the “Holy Ghost” takes place and a believer acquires gifts such as the ability to prophesy or heal.
  • The Rising Tide of Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.realtruth.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Pentecostal views on baptism are divided into two major camps: mainstream and Jesus' Name or Jesus Only.^ Pentecostal views on baptism are divided into two major camps: mainstream and Jesus' Name or Jesus Only.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, the name derives from their insistence that baptism is to be administered "in the name of Jesus only."
  • Oneness Pentecostalism and the Trinity 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.gospeloutreach.net [Source type: Original source]

^ "Christian baptism is to be administered 'in the name of Jesus.'
  • United Pentecostal Church - by Dr. H. Wayne House 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC www.mtio.com [Source type: Original source]

.Mainstream teaching on baptism is that the exact phrasing of the baptismal formula is largely irrelevant, as it is the authority of God and the obedience of the recipient that form the critical factors.^ Mainstream teaching on baptism is that the exact phrasing of the baptismal formula is largely irrelevant, as it is the authority of God and the obedience of the recipient that form the critical factors.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Though exact figures are difficult to obtain, it is clear that The Pentecostal Herald and God's Revivalist maintained large circulations.
  • http://jsr.as.wvu.edu/2002/Stephens.htm 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC jsr.as.wvu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ God, before they could ever obey God in a work like baptism), we cannot take this phrase as a reference to Christian water baptism.
  • The Gospel According to Oneness Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.gospeloutreach.net [Source type: Original source]

.The Jesus' Name doctrine, largely held today by the Oneness Pentecostals, states that the baptizer must use a formula which says, "In the name of the Lord Jesus Christ", rather than the traditional Triune formula common to practically all other Christian churches.^ Oneness Pentecostals practice Jesus' Name Baptism , insisting that baptisms must be performed in the name of Jesus Christ, rather than that of the Trinity.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Part 6: Other problems with Oneness Pentecostalism .
  • The Gospel According to Oneness Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.gospeloutreach.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Many believed and were baptized by Philip into the name of Jesus Christ.

.Another point of divergence between Pentecostals is the question of whether Baptism is necessary for salvation; while all Pentecostals hold that the ordinance is commanded by Jesus Christ and incumbent upon all believers, they disagree sharply as to whether it is an indispensable requirement.^ All the churches accepted Pentecostalism and approved the Pentecostal spirit as the Spirit of Jesus Christ.
  • Pentecostalism: Its Identity, History, and Influence 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.prca.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.cprf.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ They believe that the Baptism of the Holy Spirit is an additional gift that is bestowed on believers, but that it is not required for salvation.
  • Pentecostalism - Christianity Knowledge Base 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC christianity.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is another difference between Charismatic and Pentecostals.
  • Pentecostal But Not Charimsatic 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC www.actsion.com [Source type: Original source]

.Oneness Pentecostals tend to say that it is, while the Assemblies of God and other Pentecostal groups tend to disagree, putting the emphasis upon one's personal faith and inward conversion, rather than the external ordinance.^ Part 6: Other problems with Oneness Pentecostalism .
  • The Gospel According to Oneness Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.gospeloutreach.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The emphasis rests on the threeness in the oneness rather than vice versa .
  • Basil's Pneumatology 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.pctii.org [Source type: Original source]

^ God exist as one Person?

.The ordinance of Communion is seen as a direct command given by Jesus at the Last Supper, to be done in remembrance of him.^ The ordinance of Communion is seen as a direct command given by Jesus at the Last Supper , to be done in remembrance of him.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Main article: Ordinance (Christian) Like other Christian churches, Pentecostals believe that certain rituals or ceremonies were instituted as a pattern and command by Jesus in the New Testament.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For instance, it observes only two ordinances: the Lord's supper or holy communion, which is interpreted as a mere memorial of Christ's death, and baptism.
  • Catholic Answers: This Rock: Quick Questions: Pentecostal 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC www.catholic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Some Pentecostal denominations reject the use of wine on the communion, using grape juice instead.^ Some Pentecostal denominations reject the use of wine on the communion, using grape juice instead.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pentecostalism marches itself right into some otherwise sound churches today by means of the so-called "gospel" music that is used in their services.
  • Should a Baptist Church Embrace Pentecostalism? 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.pbministries.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Perhaps they thought that Pentecostal denomination was easier to use as a sledge hammer against Palin than her current membership in a nondemonational church.
  • ABC News Ties Sarah Palin to Pentecostalism | NewsBusters.org 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.newsbusters.org [Source type: General]

[13][14]
Foot washing is also held as an ordinance by some Pentecostals, particularly the UPCI and the COGIC.[15][16] It is considered an "ordinance of humility", because Jesus showed humility when washing his disciples' feet in John 13:14-17.[5] .Other denominations, such as the Assemblies of God and the Foursquare Church, do not hold this to be an ordinance but leave it to individual conscience.^ I went to an Assemblies of God church for years.
  • ABC News Ties Sarah Palin to Pentecostalism | NewsBusters.org 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.newsbusters.org [Source type: General]

^ Many other churches and denominations also highly focus on such things.
  • Pentecostalism - Christianity Knowledge Base 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC christianity.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Pentecostalism at AllExperts 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pentecostal Politicians (Church of God; Assemblies of God; other Pentecostal groups) .
  • The Political Graveyard: Pentecostal Politicians 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC politicalgraveyard.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[17][18]
.Though not an ordinance, some Pentecostals may believe in the use of prayer cloths which are believed to transfer healing.^ Material devotion--Pentecostal prayer cloths .
  • Material devotion--Pentecostal prayer cloths 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC www.materialreligion.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Some Pentecostal believers are gullible and/or ignorant.
  • Pentecostalism and Its Impact 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.rickross.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Though not an ordinance, some Pentecostals may believe in the use of prayer cloths which are believed to transfer healing.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[5]

Sub-groups

Classical Pentecostalism

.Classical Pentecostalism is the earliest form of Pentecostalism.^ Classical Pentecostalism is the earliest form of Pentecostalism.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Unlike "Classical Pentecostals," who formed strictly Pentecostal congregations or denominations, Charismatics adopted as their motto, "Bloom where God planted you."
  • Pentecostalism - Christianity Knowledge Base 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC christianity.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Indian Christianity 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC www.indianchristianity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Pentecostalism at AllExperts 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Unlike classic Pentecostals, who formed strictly Pentecostal congregations or denominations, charismatics adopted as their motto, "Bloom where God planted you."
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It includes groups in the holiness and higher life traditions as well as Oneness Pentecostals.^ It includes groups in the holiness and higher life traditions as well as Oneness Pentecostals.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pentecostalism and the Holiness Movement are charismatic religious traditions within Protestant Christianity that gave rise in the 19th and 20th centuries in the United States.
  • Holiness and Pentecostal Origins, Holiness and Pentecostal History, Holiness and Pentecostal Beliefs 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC www.patheos.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They tend to emphasize strict "holiness standards" in dress, grooming and other areas of personal conduct that are not necessarily shared by other Pentecostal groups, at least not to the degree that is generally found in Oneness churches.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.With the exception of Oneness Pentecostals, classical Pentecostal churches share basic beliefs with the rest of evangelical Christianity.^ Acquire a basic knowledge of Oneness Pentecostals' beliefs and practices.
  • Oneness Pentecostalism-4Truth.net 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.4truth.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Nigeria, in particular, is experiencing the fastest growth in Christianity in Africa with the Pentecostal churches playing a very large role in this development.
  • The Gospel of Materialism – Nigerian Pentecostalism and Hypocrisy - Nigerian Village Square 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.nigeriavillagesquare.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Pentecostals in America are generally conservative evangelical in their beliefs (see fundamentalism ), but no unified stance on matters of doctrine and polity exists among adherents.
  • Pentecostalism Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: Academic]

Oneness Pentecostalism

.The Oneness movement, which eventually arose from the Wesleyan-holiness and Higher Life movements, differs from the rest of Pentecostalism in several significant ways.^ Main article: Holiness movement Pentecostal theology was shaped by the movements it grew out of: Wesleyan holiness and Higher Life.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the Wesleyan Holiness Movement, 1867-1920.
  • BIBLIOGRAPHY FOR COURSE ON HOLINESS-PENTECOSTAL TRADITION 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC acc.roberts.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Protestantism, including the Holiness and Pentecostal movements.
  • BIBLIOGRAPHY FOR COURSE ON HOLINESS-PENTECOSTAL TRADITION 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC acc.roberts.edu [Source type: Academic]

.Oneness Pentecostalism retains the earlier Wesleyan holiness and Higher Life understanding of salvation, though—unlike some other Pentecostals—they insist that baptism is necessary for salvation.^ Part 6: Other problems with Oneness Pentecostalism .
  • The Gospel According to Oneness Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.gospeloutreach.net [Source type: Original source]

^ They had a name for Pentecostals: "holy rollers."
  • Worldandnation: Fiery Pentecostal spirit spreads into mainstream Christianity 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.sptimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Oneness Pentecostalism retains the earlier Wesleyan holiness and Higher Life understanding of salvation, though—unlike some other Pentecostals—they insist that baptism is necessary for salvation.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[19] .Oneness Pentecostals insist that salvation comes by grace through faith in Christ, coupled with obedience to his command to be "born of water and of the Spirit"; hence, no good works or obedience to laws or rules can save anyone.^ And, I am thankful to be saved absolutely by grace through faith without legalism.” .
  • Pentecostalism and Charismatics via BlogRodent 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC tatumweb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ One had to be born again through faith in Christ, but then one must subsequently be sanctified through a second work of grace.

^ It is the Spirit's work to create faith — saving faith in the merits of Christ.
  • Is the Charismatic Movement Catholic or Protestant? 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.presenttruthmag.com [Source type: Original source]

[20] .However, due to biblical interpretation baptism is required for salvation in Oneness theology.^ However, due to biblical interpretation baptism is required for salvation in Oneness theology.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Baptism is not essential to one's reception of salvation.
  • Oneness Pentecostalism-4Truth.net 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.4truth.net [Source type: Original source]

^ However, unlike most traditionalists, the Oneness movements maintain that speaking in tongues is not just a post-conversion indicator of the filling or baptism of the Holy Spirit, but an essential ingredient in the salvation experience itself.
  • Oneness Pentecostalism-4Truth.net 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.4truth.net [Source type: Original source]

.For them, baptism is not seen as a "work," but rather the indispensable means that Jesus himself provided to come into his kingdom, as opposed to a "sinner's prayer" or mere belief alone—which is the belief held by most Evangelicals and even most other Pentecostals.^ For them, baptism is not seen as a "work," but rather the indispensable means that Jesus himself provided to come into his kingdom, as opposed to a "sinner's prayer" or mere belief alone—which is the belief held by most Evangelicals and even most other Pentecostals.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In fact, Pentecostals even argue from the life and experience of Jesus Himself!
  • Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.cprf.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Oneness Pentecostals hold that repentance is necessary before baptism to make the ordinance valid, and receipt of the Holy Spirit manifested by speaking in other tongues is necessary afterwards, to complete the work of baptism.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This has resulted in Oneness believers being accused by some (including other Pentecostals) of a "works-salvation" soteriology,[21] a charge they vehemently deny.^ Part 6: Other problems with Oneness Pentecostalism .
  • The Gospel According to Oneness Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.gospeloutreach.net [Source type: Original source]

^ This has resulted in Oneness believers being accused by some (including other Pentecostals) of a "works-salvation" soteriology, [ 22 ] a charge they vehemently deny.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Oneness Pentecostals hold that repentance is necessary before baptism to make the ordinance valid, and receipt of the Holy Spirit manifested by speaking in other tongues is necessary afterwards, to complete the work of baptism.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[22] .Oneness Pentecostals hold that repentance is necessary before baptism to make the ordinance valid, and receipt of the Holy Spirit manifested by speaking in other tongues is necessary afterwards, to complete the work of baptism.^ Baptism in the Holy Spirit is the central event of Pentecostalism.
  • BBC - Religions - Christianity: Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Secondly, this baptism in or with the Spirit is evidenced initially by speaking in other tongues.

^ For Pentecostals, the primary thing is the baptism of the Holy Spirit as power for service.
  • Trends in Pentecostal Hermeneutics 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC enrichmentjournal.ag.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Without any of these elements, say Oneness believers, one cannot be saved.^ Without any of these elements, say Oneness believers, one cannot be saved.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since Colossians 2:9 says that the fullness of "the Godhead" dwells in Jesus, Oneness believers argue, the Godhead is in Jesus, not Jesus in the Godhead.
  • Oneness Pentecostalism and the Trinity 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.gospeloutreach.net [Source type: Original source]

^ This is not to say that Hillsong Church (or the conference organizers) no longer believe in these doctrines or practices.
  • The Briefing Library: The surprising face of Hillsong 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC matthiasmedia.com.au [Source type: Original source]

[23]
.Oneness Pentecostals also differ from other Pentecostals by rejecting the traditional Christian Trinity.^ Part 6: Other problems with Oneness Pentecostalism .
  • The Gospel According to Oneness Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.gospeloutreach.net [Source type: Original source]

^ They reject the traditional concept of the Trinity.

^ Pentecostals acceptance of other Christian traditions has not been always appreciated among scholars.
  • Basil's Pneumatology 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.pctii.org [Source type: Original source]

.Oneness adherents do not describe God as three persons but rather as three manifestations: they believe that Father, Son and Holy Spirit are manifestations or titles of the one, indivisible God.^ Father, Son, and Holy Ghost are not names of separate persons, but titles of positions held by God.
  • BBC - Religions - Christianity: Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Comforter, he, Spirit of truth = God, the Holy Spirit .
  • Apostolic Church Apostasy: UPC Oneness, United Pentecostal Church cult of Jesus Only 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC www.dokimos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The three are one God.
  • Apostolic Church Apostasy: UPC Oneness, United Pentecostal Church cult of Jesus Only 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC www.dokimos.org [Source type: Original source]

.Oneness Pentecostals practice Jesus' Name Baptism, insisting that baptisms must be performed in the name of Jesus Christ, rather than that of the Trinity.^ Not one Pentecostal preacher has ever been ableto perform the miracles that Christ performed.
  • THE STRANGE HISTORY OF PENTECOSTALISM PART 2 OF 3 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.solascriptura-tt.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Pentecostalism is egocentric rather than Theocentric.
  • Should a Baptist Church Embrace Pentecostalism? 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.pbministries.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Associated Ministers of Jesus Christ is organized as a Oneness Pentecostal group.

.They tend to emphasize strict "holiness standards" in dress, grooming and other areas of personal conduct that are not necessarily shared by other Pentecostal groups, at least not to the degree that is generally found in Oneness churches.^ Pentecostals are at least as supportive as others of that.
  • The Nexus of Religion and Foreign Policy: The Global Rise of Pentecostalism [Rush Transcript; Federal News Service] - Council on Foreign Relations 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.cfr.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They founded and/or strengthened new churches .
  • Christian prophets today? Modern day apostles? Yes! 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.jimfeeney.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Part 6: Other problems with Oneness Pentecostalism .
  • The Gospel According to Oneness Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.gospeloutreach.net [Source type: Original source]

Word of Faith teachings

.The word of faith movement is not a denomination or organization but a movement of ministers who share a theological perspective built upon much of the same presuppositions, which have been based upon Pentecostal teachings.^ The word of faith movement not a denomination or organization but a movement of ministers who share a theological perspective built upon much of the same presuppositions, which have been based upon Pentecostal teachings.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Word of Faith teachings .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For instance, the Azusa revival was led by an African American minister who welcomed worshipers regardless of their race, and the first formal Pentecostal denomination, the Pentecostal Assemblies of the World , was organized as an interracial fellowship (and remained such).
  • Pentecostalism -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There is no ruling body or official structure, and personal relationships tend to be valued more than organizational unity.^ There is no ruling body or official structure, and personal relationships tend to be valued more than organizational unity.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ No one is more organized than Pentecostals.
  • The Nexus of Religion and Foreign Policy: The Global Rise of Pentecostalism [Rush Transcript; Federal News Service] - Council on Foreign Relations 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.cfr.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They tend to be more hopeful than the other populations in these various countries that their future is going to be better.
  • The Nexus of Religion and Foreign Policy: The Global Rise of Pentecostalism [Rush Transcript; Federal News Service] - Council on Foreign Relations 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.cfr.org [Source type: Original source]

.The movement probably stems from the teachings of E.W. Kenyon (1867-1948) whose theology was popularized by Kenneth Hagin (1917-2003).^ The Dictionary of the Pentecostal andCharismatic Movements admits that "Kenyon's writings becameseminal for the ministries of Kenneth Hagin, Kenneth Copeland,Don Gossett, Charles Capps, and others in the Word of Faith andPositive Confession movements."
  • THE STRANGE HISTORY OF PENTECOSTALISM PART 2 OF 3 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.solascriptura-tt.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It certainly does not include the teachings of Kenyon, Copeland, Hagin, Hinn, and almost all T.V. preachers, nor does it include feasting on present day popular literature and DVDs.
  • Christian Witness Ministries » Blog Archive » Pentecostalism is it biblical or just part of the Con? 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.christian-witness.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He claims that histeaching was given to him by God, but in fact he plagiarizedheavily from the writings of E.W. KENYON (1867-1948).
  • THE STRANGE HISTORY OF PENTECOSTALISM PART 2 OF 3 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.solascriptura-tt.org [Source type: Original source]

.The origins of the movement's thought is controversial, but many believe it is wrapped in the Higher Life movement & New Thought movements, which potentially inspired Kenyon.^ The origins of the movement's thought is controversial, but many believe it is wrapped in the Higher Life movement & New Thought movements, which potentially inspired Kenyon.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many Pentecostals, particularly after the growth and influence of the charismatic movement, believe that the gift of tongues is different than tongues as a prayer language or speaking in tongues (the unknown tongue).
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many of these sermon outlines & Bible Studies have been a seed to new thoughts from God.
  • Preaching Pentecostal sermon & sermons with bible study and free sermons 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC apostolicsermon.com [Source type: General]

.The word of faith movement has grown rapidly over time, expanding from Kenyon and Hagin to launch Christian television stations such as the Trinity Broadcast Network which has a word of faith orientation.^ The word of faith movement has grown rapidly over time, expanding from Kenyon and Hagin to launch Christian television stations such as the Trinity Broadcast Network which has a word of faith orientation.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The movement probably stems from the teachings of E.W. Kenyon (1867-1948) whose theology was popularized by Kenneth Hagin (1917-2003).
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Head of Trinity Broadcasting Network (TBN), Word of Faith movement, Endorses the "Holy Laughter Movement" of Rodney Howard Browne Christians are little gods .

.There are many specific details within the word of faith belief system, some of which are particular to individual preachers, so it can be difficult to create any sense of a uniform system of belief.^ There are many specific details within the word of faith belief system, some of which are particular to individual preachers, so it can be difficult to create any sense of a uniform system of belief.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The movement has gained many critics due to some preachers who have emphasized the ability to gain wealth through faith and prayer ( prosperity gospel ), as well as ministers who have claimed that any illness is due to a lack of faith and can be cured by proper prayer and faith.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There is a heavy emphasis over the power of prayer within faith, believing with the proper usage or abstract amount of faith, anything can be made manifest by God through faith.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, there are some distinctive beliefs that seem to be held by the majority of word of faith teachers.^ However, there are some distinctive beliefs that seem to be held by the majority of word of faith teachers.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, you may have noticed that these days many of the major pentecostal churches are going to some trouble to present themselves as ‘mainstream’ to the outsider.
  • The Briefing Library: God is in the house 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC matthiasmedia.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ The claim is that charismatic movements in Africa have so interpreted Christian beliefs and practices within the context of African indigenous religious that they have compromised distinctive faith in Christ.
  • "Pentecostalism and Ecumenism:Past, Present, and Future" - The Pneuma Foundation 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.pneumafoundation.com [Source type: Original source]

.As the name suggests, they place importance upon faith, not simply faith in God, but faith in God over specific details.^ As the name suggests, they place importance upon faith, not simply faith in God, but faith in God over specific details.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Named after the Brownsville, Pensacola Assemblies of God church (Florida) where "revival" services have taken place since Father's Day, 1995.
  • Apologetics research resources on religious cults and sects - Pensacola Outpouring, Pentecostalism, Post-Modernism, Etc. 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC www.apologeticsindex.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The specific kind of faith Abraham had was simply an unswerving trust in God's promise (vss.
  • The Gospel According to Oneness Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.gospeloutreach.net [Source type: Original source]

.There is a heavy emphasis over the power of prayer within faith, believing with the proper usage or abstract amount of faith, anything can be made manifest by God through faith.^ Its members believe they are driven by the power of God moving within them.
  • BBC - Religions - Christianity: Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ There is a heavy emphasis over the power of prayer within faith, believing with the proper usage or abstract amount of faith, anything can be made manifest by God through faith.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The movement has gained many critics due to some preachers who have emphasized the ability to gain wealth through faith and prayer ( prosperity gospel ), as well as ministers who have claimed that any illness is due to a lack of faith and can be cured by proper prayer and faith.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.December 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] The movement has gained many critics due to some preachers who have emphasized the ability to gain wealth through faith and prayer (prosperity gospel), as well as ministers who have claimed that any illness is due to a lack of faith and can be cured by proper prayer and faith.^ The movement has gained many critics due to some preachers who have emphasized the ability to gain wealth through faith and prayer ( prosperity gospel ), as well as ministers who have claimed that any illness is due to a lack of faith and can be cured by proper prayer and faith.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Preaching · Prayer · Ecumenism · Relation to other religions · Christian movements · Music · Liturgy · Calendar · Symbols · Art · Criticism Christianity Portal .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This was followed by what became known as the Asuza Street revival, centered on the Apostolic Faith Gospel Mission in Azusa Street, Los Angeles, led by the African-American preacher William Joseph Seymour, who had studied with Parham.
  • BBC - Religions - Christianity: Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

[citation needed]
.Often referred to as "Name-It-Claim-It" and "Blab-It-Grab-It" religion by critics,[24] the word of faith movement is rejected by classical Pentecostal denominations such as the Assemblies of God,[25] whose leaders often seek to distance themselves from association with the movement.^ From this comes the name of the movement: Pentecostalism.
  • Try the Spirits: A Reformed Look at Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.cprf.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ He is often referred to as the "father of the modern Word of faith movement".

^ Springfield later became the home of the Assemblies of God Pentecostal denomination.

Denominations and adherents

.Estimated to number around 115 million followers worldwide in 2000, Pentecostalism is sometimes referred to as the "third force of Christianity."^ Estimated to number around 115 million followers worldwide in 2000, Pentecostalism is sometimes referred to as the "third force of Christianity."
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pentecostalism was estimated to number around 115 million followers worldwide in 2000 ; lower estimates place the figure near to 22 million (eg.
  • Pentecostalism - Christianity Knowledge Base 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC christianity.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Pentecostalism at AllExperts 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Estimated numbers of Pentecostals vary widely.
  • Pentecostalism at AllExperts 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[26] .Pentecostal and Charismatic church growth is rapid in many parts of the world.^ Pentecost believers, not part of the apostolic church.
  • United Pentecostal Church - by Dr. H. Wayne House 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC www.mtio.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Pentecostal and charismatic church growth is rapid in many parts of the world.
  • Pentecostalism - Christianity Knowledge Base 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC christianity.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Pentecostalism at AllExperts 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Outside the English speaking world Pentecostal and charismatic church growth is rapid in many parts of the world.

[27][28] .The great majority of Pentecostals are to be found in developing countries although much of their international leadership is still in North America.^ The great majority of Pentecostals are to be found in Developing Countries (see Church Growth), although much of their international leadership is still in North America .
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The great majority of Pentecostals are to be found in developing countries although much of their international leadership is still in North America.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The great majority of Pentecostals are to be found in Third World countries (see the Statistics subsection below), although much of their international leadership is still North American .
  • Pentecostalism - Christianity Knowledge Base 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC christianity.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The movement is enjoying its greatest surge today in the global South, which includes Africa, Latin America, and most of Asia.^ Its arrival coincided with the expansion of capitalism in Africa, Asia and Latin America.

^ The movement is enjoying its greatest surge today in the global South , which includes Africa, Latin America, and most of Asia.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since the 1970s, Pentecostalism has become a largely two-thirds world phenomenon, with Latin America, Asia, and Africa benefiting most.
  • Holiness and Pentecostal Origins, Holiness and Pentecostal History, Holiness and Pentecostal Beliefs 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC www.patheos.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[29][30] .One reason for this growth is Pentecostalism's appeal to the poor.^ One reason for this growth is Pentecostalism's appeal to the poor.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In discussing the different baptism rituals as forms of communicative action, I will argue that one of the appeals of an evangelical/ Pentecostal style and theology is located in the strong commitment to ritual.

^ For Pentecostals the way to find the truth is to appeal to oneself, to look within, to look at ones own experience.
  • Should a Baptist Church Embrace Pentecostalism? 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.pbministries.org [Source type: Original source]

[31] According to a United Nations report, the movement has "been the most successful at recruiting its members from the poorest of the poor."[32]
.In 1998, there were about 11,000 different Pentecostal or charismatic denominations worldwide.^ This is another difference between Charismatic and Pentecostals.
  • Pentecostal But Not Charimsatic 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC www.actsion.com [Source type: Original source]

^ According to a Spring 1998 article in Christian History , there are about 11,000 different Pentecostal or charismatic denominations worldwide.
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The result: today, worldwide, there are 11,000 Pentecostal or charismatic denominations.
  • Roboam_Link2 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC roboam.com [Source type: Original source]

.October 2007" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] The largest Pentecostal denomination in the world, the Assemblies of God, claims approximately 57 million adherents worldwide.^ Pentecostal denominations and adherents .
  • Pentecostalism - Christianity Knowledge Base 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC christianity.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Pentecostalism at AllExperts 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pentecostal Assemblies of the World incorporated .
  • Roboam_Link2 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC roboam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In Myanmar, the Assemblies of God of Myanmar is one of the largest Christian denominations.

[33] .It has a significant presence in many countries including Cuba, Egypt, India, Indonesia and Nigeria.^ It has a significant presence in many countries including Cuba , Egypt , India , Indonesia and Nigeria .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In many of those African countries I find it curious that it’s in those countries where there’s significant competition with Islam that this is happening—you know, places like Nigeria and Uganda and elsewhere.
  • The Nexus of Religion and Foreign Policy: The Global Rise of Pentecostalism [Rush Transcript; Federal News Service] - Council on Foreign Relations 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.cfr.org [Source type: Original source]

[34] .The Church of God (Cleveland, Tennessee) has a membership of over 6 million,[35] the Church of God in Christ has a membership of 5.5 million,[2] the International Church of the Foursquare Gospel has 5 million members, the United Pentecostal Church International has a membership of over 4 million,[36] and the International Pentecostal Holiness Church has over 3 million members.^ The United Pentecostal Church International explains it like this: .
  • BBC - Religions - Christianity: Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Founded and headed the Foursquare Gospel Church.

^ Synan is a member of the Holiness-Pentecostal Church, which is Wesleyan in orientation.
  • ASSESSING THE ROOTS 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC are.as.wvu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[37]
.The largest single Pentecostal church in the world is the Yoido Full Gospel Church in South Korea.^ The largest single Pentecostal church in the world is the Yoido Full Gospel Church in South Korea .
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ T he largest church in the world is a Pentecostal church in Korea: the Yoido Full Gospel Church pastored by David Yongii Cho.
  • Roboam_Link2 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC roboam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The largest Christian church in the world is the Yoido Full Gospel Church in South Korea, a Pentecostal church.

.Founded and led by David Yonggi Cho since 1958, it had 780,000 members in 2003.[38] Australia's largest church, Hillsong, has a membership exceeding 19,000 and its songs are sung in churches around the world.^ Founded and led by David Yonggi Cho since 1958 , it had 780,000 members in 2003 .
  • Pentecostalism - Christianity Knowledge Base 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC christianity.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Founded and led by David Yonggi Cho since 1958, it had 780,000 members in 2003.

^ Hillsong is Australia’s largest and most prominent pentecostal church.
  • The Briefing Library: The surprising face of Hillsong 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC matthiasmedia.com.au [Source type: Original source]

.March 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] Indian Pentecostal Church of God and United Pentecostal Church International are among the major Pentecostal churches in India.^ "Jesus Christ is the incarnation of the one God" ( Meet the United Pentecostal Church International , p.
  • United Pentecostal Church - by Dr. H. Wayne House 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC www.mtio.com [Source type: Original source]

^ With this group of people, he founded the Indian Pentecostal Church of God (IPC).

^ In 1994 , segregated Pentecostals returned to their roots of racial reconciliation and proposed formal unification of the major white and black branches of the Pentecostal Church, in a meeting subsequently known as the Memphis Miracle .
  • Pentecostalism - Christianity Knowledge Base 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC christianity.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Pentecostalism at AllExperts 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

History

Historical predecessors

.Pentecostals believe that their movement is faithful to the teachings and experience of the early Church, specifically the narrative of Acts.^ Pentecostals believe that their movement is faithful to the teachings and experience of the early Church, specifically the narrative of Acts.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In fact, most of the early Pentecostals believed this.

^ Pentecost believers, not part of the apostolic church.
  • United Pentecostal Church - by Dr. H. Wayne House 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC www.mtio.com [Source type: Original source]

.Though the most widely accepted origin of the movement is the revival around 1906, Pentecostal practice has predecessors in earlier charismatic experiences within Christianity.^ Pentecostalism is one of the movements within Protestant Christianity that is growing.
  • Holiness and Pentecostal Origins, Holiness and Pentecostal History, Holiness and Pentecostal Beliefs 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC www.patheos.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is the most recent movement of charismatic Christianity, and also the most numerous.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pentecostalism, Mother of Charismaticism Origins of the Charismatic movement and its theology.
  • Christian Doctrine from Bible Theology Ministries Topics Listing Part 1 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.christiandoctrine.net [Source type: General]

Early church

.Instances of prophecy, visions, healing, and exorcisms as well as both glossolalia and xenoglossia were recorded in the early Church.^ Instances of prophecy, visions, healing, and exorcisms as well as both glossolalia and xenoglossia were recorded in the early Church.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Early Quaker literature also records visions, healings, and prophecies, which are likened to the day of Pentecost.
  • Roboam_Link2 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC roboam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Kimbangu was a member of the Baptist Mission Church when he began to have visions and received a call to preach the word and heal the sick.

.Sometimes, but not always, advocates of charismatic experience were labeled heretics, such as the Montanists of the 2nd century.^ Sometimes, but not always, advocates of charismatic experience were labeled heretics, such as the Montanists of the 2nd century.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ More remote origins can be traced to the charismatic experiences of Christian communities of the first century and the Montanist Movement of the second century.

^ Other early Church leaders who advocated charismatic experience included Irenaeus (c.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Their leader, Montanus, claimed to receive direct revelation from the Holy Spirit.^ And you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.'
  • BBC - Religions - Christianity: Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Joachim of Fiore receives revelation of "Age of the Holy Spirit " .
  • Chronology of Major Movements 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC watch.pair.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Their leader, Montanus, claimed to receive direct revelation from the Holy Spirit.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Other early Church leaders who advocated charismatic experience included Irenaeus (c.^ The early church father Irenaeus (ca.

^ Other early Church leaders who advocated charismatic experience included Irenaeus (c.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He was sympathetic to the writings of the early church fathers , and the movement took on a highly liturgical flair, including influences from Eastern Orthodox liturgy.
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

115-202), Origen (c. .185-254), Augustine (354-430), Symeon (949-1022), and Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274).^ THE MIDDLE AGES Augustine (354-430) declares (as does John Chrysostom in the East) that glossolalia has ceased but also reports numerous divine healings.
  • Roboam_Link2 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC roboam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Augustine (354-430), Symeon (949-1022), and Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274).
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[39]
.Origen was reported to have healed people, exorcised demons, and engaged in other assorted "signs and wonders."^ Origen was reported to have healed people, exorcised demons, and engaged in other assorted "signs and wonders."
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Jansenists, a radical Augustinian movement in the Roman Catholic church from 1640 to 1801, become known for their signs and wonders, spiritual dancing, healings, and prophetic utterances.
  • Roboam_Link2 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC roboam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1890 she reports people receiving the gift of the Holy Spirit as evidenced with the speaking in other tongues and people seeing heavenly visions.

.Symeon and others discussed experiencing phenomena such as "baptism of the Holy Spirit," uncontrollable bouts of crying, and visions of the Transfiguration.^ (As if the Holy Spirit would do such!
  • Largest Audio/Video library of Pentecostal Manifestation Heresy in the world! 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC www.bible.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Symeon and others discussed experiencing phenomena such as "baptism of the Holy Spirit," uncontrollable bouts of crying, and visions of the Transfiguration.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This Holy Spirit baptism will be discussed in more detail in the next section.
  • The Gospel According to Oneness Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.gospeloutreach.net [Source type: Original source]

.Francis Xavier (1506-1552), Vincent Ferrer (1350-1419), Ignatius of Loyola (1491-1556), and Teresa of Avila (1515-1582) describe what seems to be glossolalia.^ Francis Xavier (1506-1552), Vincent Ferrer (1350-1419), Ignatius of Loyola (1491-1556), and Teresa of Avila (1515-1582) describe what seems to be glossolalia.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ignatius Loyola (1491-1556), founder of The Society of Jesus (the Jesuits), frequently receives divine communication in visions, the gift of tears, and loquela (sung glossolalia ).
  • Roboam_Link2 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC roboam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Such were Benedict and Bruno, Francis and Dominic, Ignatius and Teresa of Avila.
  • Fr. Hardon Archives - Pentecostalism: Evaluating a Phenomenon 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.therealpresence.org [Source type: Original source]

.Ignatius' described one such experience: "During the interior and exterior loquela (speech) everything moves me to divine love and to the gifts of loquela divinely bestowed."^ Ignatius' described one such experience: "During the interior and exterior loquela (speech) everything moves me to divine love and to the gifts of loquela divinely bestowed."
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ignatius Loyola (1491-1556), founder of The Society of Jesus (the Jesuits), frequently receives divine communication in visions, the gift of tears, and loquela (sung glossolalia ).
  • Roboam_Link2 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC roboam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There is no record in the New Testament of the bestowing of these signs and gifts on someone by prayer or laying on of hands by any one other than an apostle.

[39]

19th century

.A Pentecostal-like revival began with a Prussian Guards officer, Gustav von Below, in 1817.[citation needed] He and his brothers started holding charismatic meetings on his estate in Pomerania.^ A Pentecostal-like revival began with a Prussian Guards officer, Gustav von Below , in 1817.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One such revival began with a Prussian Guards officer, Gustav von Below , in 1817.
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He and his brothers started holding charismatic meetings on his estate in Pomerania .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A Lutheran commission sent to investigate was at first suspicious, but ultimately determined the phenomenon to be "of God."^ A Lutheran commission sent to investigate was at first suspicious but found the phenomenon to be "of God."
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A Lutheran commission sent to investigate was at first suspicious, but ultimately determined the phenomenon to be "of God."
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.March 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] This led to a growth in charismatic meetings across Germany, which quickly crossed the Atlantic during the great German migrations of the 19th century.^ This led to a growth in charismatic meetings across Germany which quickly crossed the Atlantic during the great German migrations of the 19th century.
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This led to a growth in charismatic meetings across Germany , which quickly crossed the Atlantic during the great German migrations of the 19th century.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ II. PENTECOSTALISM IN BRAZIL--ACCOMMODATION AND CHANGE "Historic" Protestantism, transplanted to Brazil during the second half of the 19th century, bore the message of conversion.

[citation needed]
.In the 1830s, a Presbyterian congregation in Scotland under the leadership of Edward Irving began to experience manifestations of tongues and prophecy.^ In the 1830s, in England, a church under the leadership of Edward Irving began to experience manifestations of tongues and prophecy.
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "As a species of Protestant Christianity, Pentecostalism may be traced to the ministry of Edward Irving (1792-1834), pastor of a Presbyterian church in London.
  • The Pentecostalism Controversy 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC credo.stormloader.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As I’ve said before, universally, no one manifesting the PC ‘experience’ of speaking in ‘tongues’ so-called, knows what they are saying, granted they are saying something.
  • Christian Witness Ministries » Blog Archive » Pentecostalism is it biblical or just part of the Con? 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.christian-witness.org [Source type: Original source]

.February 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] Certain men were appointed as apostles, until their number reached twelve.^ Certain apostles were appointed by these apostles until the number reached 12.
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Through prophecy, certain men were appointed as apostles .
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Certain men were appointed as apostles , until their number reached twelve.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.After Irving's death, the movement developed into what would be called the Catholic Apostolic Church, a name adopted from the Nicene Creed.^ Catholic Apostolic Church dies out.
  • Chronology of Major Movements 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC watch.pair.com [Source type: Original source]

^ After Irving's death, the movement developed into what would be called the Catholic Apostolic Church , a name adopted from the Nicene Creed .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Oneness churches often call themselves "Apostolic" or "Jesus' name" churches.
  • The Gospel According to Oneness Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.gospeloutreach.net [Source type: Original source]

.Henry Drummond was perhaps the most influential man in this movement at its beginning.^ Henry Drummond was, perhaps, the most influential man in the movement at its beginnings.
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Henry Drummond was perhaps the most influential man in this movement at its beginning.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tomlinson was one of the most influential men in the formation of the Pentecostal movement.

.He was sympathetic to the writings of the early Church Fathers, and the movement took on a highly liturgical flair, including influences from Eastern Orthodox liturgy.^ He was sympathetic to the writings of the early Church Fathers , and the movement took on a highly liturgical flair, including influences from Eastern Orthodox liturgy.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He was sympathetic to the writings of the early church fathers , and the movement took on a highly liturgical flair, including influences from Eastern Orthodox liturgy.
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Faith healer evangelist MARIA BEULAH WOODWORTH-ETTER (1844-1924) had a vast influence in the early Pentecostal movement.
  • THE STRANGE HISTORY OF PENTECOSTALISM 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC solascriptura-tt.org [Source type: Original source]

.The movement grew to several hundred thousand in England, Germany, and some other parts of Europe.^ The movement grew to several hundred thousand in England, Germany, and some other parts of Europe.
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the past revival movements, some women played their part (as for example in the Salvation Army or amongst the Methodists).6/7 In this their role was largely supportive.
  • Smith Wigglesworth | Bibliography | Pensketches | Your daughters shall prophesy 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.smithwigglesworth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some Pentecostal movements cannot be included alongside mainstream Christian groups, that is the Baptists, Anglicans, Church of England and so forth.
  • Pentecostalism and Its Impact 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.rickross.com [Source type: Original source]

.February 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] This sect ultimately disappeared, though a splinter group in Germany did appoint new apostles and continue on.^ Though a splinter group in Germany did appoint new apostles and continue on, the English group did not.
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is noteworthy that the Irvingite movement, a precursor of Pentecostalism in England in the 1800s, named after its leader, Edward Irving, did appoint twelve apostles.
  • Try the Spirits: A Reformed Look at Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.cprf.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ The new converts “continued steadfastly in the Apostles’ doctrine.” The word doctrine means teaching.
  • The Pentecostal Experience - A Study in Acts 2 | Bible.org; NET Bible, Bible Study 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC bible.org [Source type: Original source]

.The last apostle from Drummond's Group, Francis Woodhouse of the Catholic Apostolic Church, died in 1901—just a few months after Agnes Ozman spoke in tongues in the United States.^ Catholic Apostolic Church dies out.
  • Chronology of Major Movements 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC watch.pair.com [Source type: Original source]

^ [See 1835: Catholic Apostolic Church ] .
  • Chronology of Major Movements 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC watch.pair.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The last apostle from Drummond's Group, Francis Woodhouse of the Catholic Apostolic Church, died in 1901—just a few months after Agnes Ozman spoke in tongues in the United States.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.During the 1870s, there were Christians known as "gift people" or "gift adventists" numbering in the thousands, who were known for spiritual gifts such as speaking in tongues.^ The main gift is tongues-speaking.
  • Try the Spirits: A Reformed Look at Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.cprf.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Speaking in tongues was also a spiritual gift being exercised by the Corinthian church.
  • IPHC Archive Pentecostal Inventory 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC arc.iphc.org [Source type: Academic]

^ During the 1870s, there were Christians known as "gift people" or "gift adventists" numbering in the thousands, who were known for spiritual gifts such as speaking in tongues.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[40] .One preacher from the Gift People influenced A.J. Tomlinson, who would later lead the Church of God (Cleveland, Tennessee).^ The Church of God is a Pentecostal denomination that is now headquartered in Cleveland, Tennessee.
  • Journal of Religion and Society 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC moses.creighton.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One preacher from the Gift People influenced A.J. Tomlinson, who would later lead the Church of God (Cleveland, Tennessee) .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Were every one of you a living missionary, the message for this time would speedily be proclaimed in all countries, to every people and nation and tongue.
  • Praying Holy Spirit 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.sdadefend.com [Source type: Original source]

.October 2008" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] Though some have considered the 1896 Shearer Schoolhouse Revival in Cherokee County, North Carolina as the beginning of the modern Pentecostal movement, the remoteness of the region very likely kept it as a localized event.^ Spirit-baptism and the 1896 Revival in Cherokee County, North .
  • BIBLIOGRAPHY FOR COURSE ON HOLINESS-PENTECOSTAL TRADITION 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC acc.roberts.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ The Shearer Schoolhouse Revival was a religious phenomenon that occurred during a series of meetings conducted in the summer of 1896 in Cherokee County, North Carolina.

^ This is considered the beginning of the Pentecostal movement in the United States.

[citation needed]
.Some Christian leaders who were not a part of the early Pentecostal movement remained highly respected by Pentecostal leaders.^ Main article: Women in Christianity Women were the catalyst of the early Pentecostal movement.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some Holiness leaders who chose not to participate in the early 20th Century Pentecostal Movement remained highly respected by Pentecostal leaders of the 20th Century.

^ Some leaders who chose not to participate in the early 20th century Pentecostal Movement remained highly respected by Pentecostal leaders.
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Albert Benjamin Simpson became closely involved with the growing Pentecostal revival.^ Albert Benjamin Simpson became closely involved with the growing Pentecostal revival.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Albert Benjamin Simpson became closely involved with the growing Pentecostal movement.
  • Indian Christianity 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC www.indianchristianity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ William Boardman John Alexander Dowie (1848–1907) Edward Irving Albert Benjamin Simpson (1843–1919) Leaders .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It was common for Pentecostal pastors and missionaries to receive their training at the Missionary Training Institute that Simpson founded.^ It was common for Pentecostal pastors and missionaries to receive their training at the Missionary Training Institute that Simpson founded.
  • Indian Christianity 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC www.indianchristianity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Included among them were A. J. Gordon, F. B. Meyer, A. B. Simpson (who founded the Christian and Missionary Alliance in 1887 and eventually [1907] separated from what he regarded as the fanaticism of early Pentecostalism, especially its teaching on tongues), Andrew Murray, and especially R. A. Torrey (then president of Moody Bible Institute).

^ It was at this home that many Pentecostal visitors and missionaries found a haven.22 .
  • Smith Wigglesworth | Bibliography | Pensketches | Your daughters shall prophesy 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.smithwigglesworth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.February 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] Because of this, Simpson and the Christian and Missionary Alliance (C&MA), which Simpson also founded, had a great influence on Pentecostalism—in particular the Assemblies of God and the International Church of the Foursquare Gospel.^ Church, which is both Pentecostal and transcultural: the Assemblies of God of French Polynesia.
  • The Growth of Pentecostalism in French Polynesia: A Hakka History - China perspectives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC chinaperspectives.revues.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Founded and headed the Foursquare Gospel Church.

^ I went to an Assemblies of God church for years.
  • ABC News Ties Sarah Palin to Pentecostalism | NewsBusters.org 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.newsbusters.org [Source type: General]

.February 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] This influence included evangelistic emphasis, C&MA doctrine, Simpson's hymns and books, and the use of the term "Gospel Tabernacle", which evolved into Pentecostal churches being known as "Full Gospel Tabernacles". Charles Price Jones, an African-American Holiness leader and founder of the Church of Christ, is another example.^ For this reason, some Pentecostals also use the term Apostolic or full gospel to describe their movement.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This influence included evangelistic emphasis, C&MA doctrine, Simpson's hymns and books, and the use of the term "Gospel Tabernacle", which evolved into Pentecostal churches being known as "Full Gospel Tabernacles".
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Charles Price Jones, the African-American Holiness leader and founder of the Church of Christ is another example.
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.February 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] His hymns are widely sung at National Conventions of the Church of God in Christ and many other Pentecostal churches.^ The same can be said for many other contemporary pentecostal churches.
  • The Briefing Library: The surprising face of Hillsong 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC matthiasmedia.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ Pentecostalism and other churches .
  • BBC - Religions - Christianity: Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ His hymns are widely sung at National Coventions of the Church of God in Christ and many Pentecostal churches both African-American and Anglo.

Early Pentecostalism

.There was no one founder of modern Pentecostalism.^ There is also a tendency of modelism in the oneness Pentecostalism.
  • Basil's Pneumatology 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.pctii.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Obviously though there are problems speaking in tongues at a church if no one is there to interpret what's been said.
  • Pentecostalism and Its Impact 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.rickross.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Interestingly, a similar claim was made 70 years ago by the founders of the modern Pentecostal sects.
  • The Pentecostalism Controversy 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC credo.stormloader.com [Source type: Original source]

.Instead, isolated Christian groups were experiencing charismatic phenemenon such as speaking in tongues.^ Charismatic Movement A loose-knit movement closely related to classical Pentecostalism that arose both in and out of the major denominations in the 1960s and 1970s, characterized by the gifts (charisma) of the Holy Spirit, such as speaking in tongues, miracles and healing.
  • Tulsa World: A lasting influence 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.tulsaworld.com [Source type: News]

^ You may also try “charismatic theology of speaking in tongues” or similar search terms.
  • Christian Witness Ministries » Blog Archive » Pentecostalism is it biblical or just part of the Con? 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.christian-witness.org [Source type: Original source]

^ An evident attitude though amongst many Pentecostal and Charismatic churches is, "I can speak tongues and this means I'm superior and more spiritual than other Christians who don't."
  • Pentecostalism and Its Impact 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.rickross.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Wesleyan holiness movement provided a theological explanation for what was happening to these Christians, and they adapted the Wesleyan two stage soteriology to accommodate their three stage understanding: 1) saved by grace, 2) emptied or sanctified, 3) filled with the Spirit.^ Being filled with the Holy Spirit .
  • BBC - Religions - Christianity: Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ According to them, all Christians are regenerated and sanctified by the Spirit when they are converted.
  • Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.cprf.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ In the Wesleyan Holiness Movement, 1867-1920.
  • BIBLIOGRAPHY FOR COURSE ON HOLINESS-PENTECOSTAL TRADITION 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC acc.roberts.edu [Source type: Academic]

[6][41][42] .Charles Parham began teaching that speaking in tongues was the biblical sign of the Holy Spirit's baptism at his Bethel Bible College in Topeka, Kansas on January 1, 1901.[43] Charles Parham later moved to Houston, Texas.^ (The students began speaking in tongues on January 1, 1901.
  • United Pentecostal Church - by Dr. H. Wayne House 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC www.mtio.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Here, many came to the conclusion that speaking in tongues was the biblical sign of the Holy Spirit's baptism.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Secondly, this baptism in or with the Spirit is evidenced initially by speaking in other tongues.

.In spite of segregation in Houston, William J. Seymour, a one-eyed African-American preacher, was allowed to attend Parham's Bible classes there.^ In spite of segregation in Houston, William J. Seymour , a one-eyed African-American preacher, was allowed to attend Parham's Bible classes there.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1903 he attended Charles Parham's Bible school in Houston, Texas.

^ Charles Parham , the founder of this school would later move to Houston, Texas , where in spite of segregation , William J. Seymour , a (literally) one-eyed African-American preacher was allowed to listen in to the Bible classes.
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Seymour traveled to Los Angeles, where his preaching sparked the Azusa Street Revival in 1906. Despite the work of various Wesleyan groups such as Parham's and D. L. Moody's revivals, the beginning of the widespread Pentecostal movement in the United States is generally considered to have begun with Seymour's Azusa Street Revival.^ Historians generally consider the 1906 Azusa Street Revival as marking the start of the modern Pentecostal renewal.
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is considered the beginning of the Pentecostal movement in the United States.

^ It transpired that Parham was not wanted at Azusa Street.
  • AZUSA STREET-Birth of a Lie 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.scionofzion.com [Source type: Original source]

[44]
.The Azusa revival was the first Pentecostal revival to receive significant attention, and many people from around the world became drawn to it.^ The Azusa revival was the first Pentecostal revival to receive significant attention, and many people from around the world became drawn to it.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The spark of twentieth-century Pentecostalism as a three-year-long revival, beginning in 1906, at the Azusa Street Mission in Los Angeles.
  • Pentecostalism and Charismatics via BlogRodent 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC tatumweb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ See a timeline of the Azusa Street revival from the International Pentecostal Holiness Church.
  • Pentecostalism: Azusa Street centennial | ReligionLink 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.religionlink.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.February 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] The Los Angeles Press gave close attention to Seymour's revival, which helped fuel its growth.^ The Los Angeles Press gave close attention to the Azusa Street Revival, which helped fuel its growth.
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Los Angeles Press gave close attention to Seymour's revival, which helped fuel its growth.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This was followed by what became known as the Asuza Street revival, centered on the Apostolic Faith Gospel Mission in Azusa Street, Los Angeles, led by the African-American preacher William Joseph Seymour, who had studied with Parham.
  • BBC - Religions - Christianity: Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

[45] .A number of new, smaller, groups started up, inspired by the events of this revival.^ A number of new smaller groups started up, inspired by the events of this revival.
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A number of new, smaller, groups started up, inspired by the events of this revival.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Edwin Orr describes how, as a result of these revivals new groups professing evangelical faith emerged from among the Syrian Christian community.

.International visitors and Pentecostal missionaries would eventually bring these teachings to other nations, so that practically all classic Pentecostal denominations today trace their historical roots to the Azusa Street Revival.^ See a timeline of the Azusa Street revival from the International Pentecostal Holiness Church.
  • Pentecostalism: Azusa Street centennial | ReligionLink 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.religionlink.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thus, Chilean Pentecostalism has its roots in the Mukti revival rather than in Azusa Street.
  • The Azusa Street Revival and Global Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC enrichmentjournal.ag.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Almost all mainline Pentecostal denominations today trace their historical roots to the Azusa Street Revival.

William Seymour, leader of the Azusa Street Revival

Social aspects

.Early Pentecostals were fueled by their understanding that all of God’s people would prophesy in the last days before Christ’s second coming.^ That hope he understood to be the second coming of Christ.
  • Talk To Action | Kingdom Now/Dominion/Restoration theology 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.talk2action.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ William Seymour, leader of the Azusa Street Revival Early Pentecostals were fueled by their understanding that all of God’s people would prophesy in the last days before Christ’s second coming .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ God’s people are in all Christian denominations.
  • Pentecostalism and Charismatics via BlogRodent 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC tatumweb.com [Source type: Original source]

.They looked to the biblical passages concerning Pentecost in the second chapter of Acts, in which Peter cited the prophecy contained in Joel 2, "In the last days, God says, I will pour out my Spirit on all people.^ Act 2:1 When the day of Pentecost had come, they were all together in one place.
  • Biblical Tongues - 1 Cor. 14, Acts 2 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www3.telus.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The passage which Peter quoted and interpreted is found in Joel 2:28-32, and it declared, many centuries before Pentecost, that God would one day pour out His Spirit on all flesh.
  • The Pentecostal Experience - A Study in Acts 2 | Bible.org; NET Bible, Bible Study 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC bible.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They looked to the biblical passages concerning Pentecost in the second chapter of Acts, in which Peter cited the prophecy contained in Joel 2, "In the last days, God says, I will pour out my Spirit on all people.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Your sons and daughters will prophesy, your young men will see visions, your old men will dream dreams."^ Your sons and daughters will prophesy, your old men will dream dreams, your young men will see visions.
  • BBC - Religions - Christianity: Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ PROPHESY, your old men shall DREAM DREAMS, your young men shall see VISIONS..."
  • Chronology of Major Movements - Introduction 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC watch.pair.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Your sons and daughters will prophesy, your young men will see visions, your old men will dream dreams.
  • BBC - Religions - Christianity: Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.(Acts 2:17) Thus, as the experience of speaking in tongues spread among the men and women of Azusa Street, a sense of immediacy took hold, as they began to look toward the Second Coming of Christ.^ This paper reprinted accounts of men and women speaking in tongues and performing miracles at Azusa.
  • Untitled Document 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC jsr.as.wvu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ That hope he understood to be the second coming of Christ.
  • Talk To Action | Kingdom Now/Dominion/Restoration theology 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.talk2action.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All do not speak with tongues, do they?
  • Largest Audio/Video library of Pentecostal Manifestation Heresy in the world! 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC www.bible.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Early Pentecostals saw themselves as outsiders from mainstream society, dedicated solely to preparing the way for Christ’s return.^ Early Pentecostals saw themselves as outsiders from mainstream society, dedicated solely to preparing the way for Christ’s return.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Early Pentecostals also saw themselves as outsiders from mainstream society, dedicated solely to preparing the way for Christ’s return.
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pointing to Peter’s proclamation of the biblical prophecy of Joel 2:28 on the day of the Pentecost, Pentecostals focused on the end days during which Christ would return.
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[46][47]
.Pentecostalism, like any major movement, has given birth to a large number of organizations with political, social and theological differences.^ Pentecostalism, like any other major movement, has given birth to a large number of organizations and denominations with political, social and theological differences.
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pentecostalism, like any other major movement, has given birth to a large number of organizations, denominations, churches, sects, para-churches, separatists and even cults with political, social or theological differences.

^ Pentecostalism, like any major movement, has given birth to a large number of organizations with political, social and theological differences.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The early movement was countercultural regarding race, gender, and war: African-Americans and women were important leaders in the Azusa Revival, and helped spread the Pentecostal message far beyond Los Angeles.^ The early movement was countercultural, and African-Americans and women were important leaders in the Azusa Revival and helped spread the Pentecostal message beyond Los Angeles.
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Azusa Revival launches American Pentecostalism; includes ecstatic manifestations.
  • Chronology of Major Movements 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC watch.pair.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He traveled to Los Angeles to visit the Pentecostal revival at the Azusa Street mission .

[citation needed]
.African-Americans played an important role in the early Pentecostal movement.^ The role of African-Americans and women cannot be underestimated in the early Pentecostal movement.

^ Early American Pentecostalism, 1906-1916.
  • BIBLIOGRAPHY FOR COURSE ON HOLINESS-PENTECOSTAL TRADITION 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC acc.roberts.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ African-Americans played an important role in the early Pentecostal movement.
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The first decade of Pentecostalism was marked by interracial assemblies, "...Whites and blacks mix in a religious frenzy," noted a local newspaper account, at a time when government facilities were racially separate and Jim Crow laws were about to be codified.^ The first decade of Pentecostalism was marked by interracial assemblies, "...Whites and blacks mix in a religious frenzy," noted a local newspaper account, at a time when government facilities were racially separate and Jim Crow laws were about to be codified.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The first decade of Pentecostalism was marked by interracial assemblies, "…Whites and blacks mix in a religious frenzy, …" according to a local newspaper account, at a time when government facilities were racially separate, and the Jim Crow laws were about to be codified.
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Stories are now circulating about one of Miranda's sons-in-law, who is pushing to the limit a dangerous confrontation with Miranda about religious charisma.

.February 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] While the interracial assemblies that characterized Azusa Street would continue for a number of years even in the segregated South, the enthusiasm and support for such assemblies eventually waned.^ While the interracial assemblies that characterized Azusa Street continued for a number of years even in the segregated South, the enthusiasm and support for such assemblies eventually waned.
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While the interracial assemblies that characterized Azusa Street would continue for a number of years even in the segregated South, the enthusiasm and support for such assemblies eventually waned.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The spark of twentieth-century Pentecostalism as a three-year-long revival, beginning in 1906, at the Azusa Street Mission in Los Angeles.
  • Pentecostalism and Charismatics via BlogRodent 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC tatumweb.com [Source type: Original source]

.February 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] After a while, interracial assemblies were nearly non-existent in most Pentecostal churches.^ The Pentecostal Church of Zion is like the Assemblies of God in most of its doctrine...

^ After a while, the interracial assemblies were nearly non-existent in many Pentecostal churches.
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After a while, interracial assemblies were nearly non-existent in most Pentecostal churches.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, this trend is starting to be reversed in many Pentecostal churches today.^ However, this trend is starting to be reversed in many Pentecostal churches today.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For example, within many Pentecostal churches I visited prophecy time usually comes after or during praise and worship services.
  • Pentecostalism and Its Impact 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.rickross.com [Source type: Original source]

^ To reject the original Pentecostal revival because of today’s foolishness amongst them would be like rejecting the Wesley Brothers and their Revival because of what the Methodist Church is today.
  • Christian Witness Ministries » Blog Archive » Pentecostalism is it biblical or just part of the Con? 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.christian-witness.org [Source type: Original source]

.Women were the catalyst of the early Pentecostal movement.^ Main article: Women in Christianity Women were the catalyst of the early Pentecostal movement.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Women were the catalyst of the early Pentecostal movement..
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The subsiding of the early Pentecostal movement allowed a more socially conservative approach to women to settle in, and as a result female participation was channeled into more supportive and traditionally accepted roles.
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[48] .Even before Azusa Street, women led their own revivals as a result of Agnes Ozman speaking in tongues at Parham’s Bible college.^ Even before the Azusa Street Revival, women led their own revivals as a result of Agnes Ozman speaking in tongues at Charles F. Parham’s Bible College in Topeka, Kansas.
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It transpired that Parham was not wanted at Azusa Street.
  • AZUSA STREET-Birth of a Lie 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.scionofzion.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Women, of course, also came out of the Azusa Street Revival.
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[49][50][51] .Florence Crawford was a prominent convert of Azusa Street.^ Florence Crawford was a prominent convert of Azusa Street.
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Azusa Street became a revival of major proportions and many thousands were converted and many nominal Christians became filled with the Spirit.

^ Crawford was converted at the Azusa Street Mission in 1906 and worked closely with William J. Seymour until 1908.

.While at the Azusa Mission, she was active in The Apostolic Faith newspaper and became one the first from Azusa to evangelize, primarily through the Midwestern United States.^ While at the Azusa Mission, she was active in The Apostolic Faith newspaper and became one the first from Azusa to evangelize, primarily through the Midwestern United States.
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ She preached at Azusa and then evangelized throughout the Northwestern United States.
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This was followed by what became known as the Asuza Street revival, centered on the Apostolic Faith Gospel Mission in Azusa Street, Los Angeles, led by the African-American preacher William Joseph Seymour, who had studied with Parham.
  • BBC - Religions - Christianity: Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.Later, she moved to Portland where she established the Apostolic Faith Mission and ministered.^ Later, she moved to Portland where she established the Apostolic Faith Mission and ministered.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They founded South Africa’s largest classical Pentecostal denomination, the Apostolic Faith Mission.
  • The Azusa Street Revival and Global Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC enrichmentjournal.ag.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While at the Azusa Mission, she was active in The Apostolic Faith newspaper and became one the first from Azusa to evangelize, primarily through the Midwestern United States.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Since Pentecostals believed in the presence and interaction of the Holy Spirit in their assemblies, and since these gifts came to both men and women, the use of spiritual gifts were encouraged in everyone.^ And you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.'
  • BBC - Religions - Christianity: Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ These are the charismata, the gifts of the Spirit.
  • Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.cprf.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Since they believed in the presence and interaction of the Holy Spirit in their assemblies, and since these gifts came to men and women, the use of spiritual gifts such as speaking in tongues, interpreting tongues, the laying on of hands and healing were all encouraged.
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The unconventionally intense and emotional environment generated in Pentecostal meetings dually promoted, and was itself created by, other forms of participation such as personal testimony and spontaneous prayer and singing.^ Other aspects of Pentecostalism also promoted the participation of women.
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Such Pentecostal meetings generally exhibit the following sequence of events.
  • The Pentecostalism Controversy 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC credo.stormloader.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The unconventionally intense and emotional environment dually promoted and was itself created by other forms of participation, such as personal testimony and spontaneous prayer and singing.
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Women did not shy away from engaging in this forum, and in the early movement the majority of converts and church-goers were female.^ Women did not shy away from engaging in this setting and in the early movement the majority of converts and church-goers were female.
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Women did not shy away from engaging in this forum, and in the early movement the majority of converts and church-goers were female.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Women were the catalyst of the early Pentecostal movement..
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[52] .Since the movement relied on the efforts and participation of lay members, both within the church and outside, women gained great cultural influence in Pentecostalism and helped to shape it.^ Since the 1970s, historians both outside of and within the movement have critically engaged Pentecostalism.
  • ASSESSING THE ROOTS 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC are.as.wvu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since the movement relied on the efforts and participation of lay members, both in the church and outside, women gained great cultural influence and helped shape Pentecostalism.
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since the movement relied on the efforts and participation of lay members, both within the church and outside, women gained great cultural influence in Pentecostalism and helped to shape it.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Women wrote religious songs, edited Pentecostal papers, and taught and ran Bible schools.^ Women wrote religious songs, edited Pentecostal papers and taught and ran Bible schools.
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Women wrote religious songs, edited Pentecostal papers, and taught and ran Bible schools.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Main article: Latter Rain Movement The Latter Rain Movement began out of an independent Bible school in Saskatchewan , Canada , and spread among many Pentecostal groups in the 1940s.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[53] .The preponderance of its female adherents may stem from the availability of such opportunities to women from the start of the movement.^ The availability of these opportunities to women from the start of the movement may explain the preponderance of female adherents in the movement.
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The preponderance of its female adherents may stem from the availability of such opportunities to women from the start of the movement.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The holiness movement set the tone for this, offering women and African-Americans opportunities unavailable elsewhere.
  • Untitled Document 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC jsr.as.wvu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In addition, evidence from three of the oldest Pentecostal groups—Assemblies of God, the Church of God (Cleveland, Tennessee) and the International Church of the Foursquare Gospel—shows a number of women serving as clergy and missionaries.^ Church, which is both Pentecostal and transcultural: the Assemblies of God of French Polynesia.
  • The Growth of Pentecostalism in French Polynesia: A Hakka History - China perspectives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC chinaperspectives.revues.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Founded and headed the Foursquare Gospel Church.

^ The Church of God is a Pentecostal denomination that is now headquartered in Cleveland, Tennessee.
  • Journal of Religion and Society 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC moses.creighton.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[54]
.Other aspects of Pentecostalism also promoted the participation of women.^ Other aspects of Pentecostalism also promoted the participation of women.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The unconventionally intense and emotional environment generated in Pentecostal meetings dually promoted, and was itself created by, other forms of participation such as personal testimony and spontaneous prayer and singing.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Institutionalism brought gender segregation, and the Assemblies of God along with other Pentecostal groups created auxiliary women’s organizations.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Pointing to the biblical prophecy of Joel 2:28, Pentecostals focused their attention upon the end times, during which Christ would return. .Given that the baptism of the Holy Spirit led to speaking in tongues, whoever was blessed with this gift would have the responsibility to use it towards the preparation for Christ’s second coming.^ (As if the Holy Spirit would do such!
  • Largest Audio/Video library of Pentecostal Manifestation Heresy in the world! 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC www.bible.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.'
  • BBC - Religions - Christianity: Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Secondly, this baptism in or with the Spirit is evidenced initially by speaking in other tongues.

[49][55] .Due to this responsibility, any restrictions that culture or other denominations placed on women were often disregarded during the early part of the movement.^ Due to this responsibility, any restrictions that culture or other denominations placed on women were often disregarded during the early part of the movement.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Due to this responsibility, any restrictions that culture or other denominations placed on women were often disregarded in the early part of the movement.
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Women were the catalyst of the early Pentecostal movement..
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Joel 2:28 also specifically included females, saying that both sons and daughters and male and female servants would receive the Holy Spirit, and prophecy in the end times.^ Joel 2:28 also specifically included females, saying that both sons and daughters and male and female servants would receive the Holy Spirit, and prophecy in the end times.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.
  • United Pentecostal Church - by Dr. H. Wayne House 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC www.mtio.com [Source type: Original source]

^ (As if the Holy Spirit would do such!
  • Largest Audio/Video library of Pentecostal Manifestation Heresy in the world! 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC www.bible.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Thus, the focus on spiritual gifts, the nature of the worship environment, and dispensationalist thinking all encouraged women to participate in all areas of worship.^ Thus, the focus on spiritual gifts, the nature of the worship environment, and dispensationalist thinking all encouraged women to participate in all areas of worship.
  • Pentecostalism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We are all by nature ignorant of spiritual truth.
  • Christian Witness Ministries » Blog Archive » Pentecostalism is it biblical or just part of the Con? 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.christian-witness.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Therefore, since not all believers have yet come to a state of complete maturity, spiritual gifts will continue as far as I see, until Christ comes back for us.
  • Christian Witness Ministries » Blog Archive » Pentecostalism is it biblical or just part of the Con? 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.christian-witness.org [Source type: Original source]

.While the immediacy and the fervor of the initial revival atmosphere were subsiding, questions of authority and the organization of churches arose.^ While the immediacy and the fervor of the initial revival atmosphere were subsiding, questions of authority and the organization of churches arose.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Superintendents were to foster and care for churches already established and were to organize and encourage the organizing of churches everywhere, but their authority was not to interfere with the independent actions of a fully organized church.

^ They tended to reject church authority and abandoned organized religion with its creeds and traditions.
  • Revivalism to Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.inchristalone.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Institutionalism took root.^ Institutionalism took root.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.While it was clear that both men and women spoke in tongues, many started to see this gift as a non-intellectual one,[56] holding that more intellectual acts, such as preaching, should be undertaken by women only in conditions controlled by male leaders.^ I started reading non-Oneness authors, but only to debunk them.
  • The Gospel According to Oneness Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.gospeloutreach.net [Source type: Original source]

^ While it was clear that both men and women spoke in tongues, many started to see this gift as a non-intellectual one, [ 56 ] holding that more intellectual acts, such as preaching, should be undertaken by women only in conditions controlled by male leaders.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ignatius' described one such experience: "During the interior and exterior loquela (speech) everything moves me to divine love and to the gifts of loquela divinely bestowed."
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The subsiding of the early Pentecostal movement allowed a more socially-conservative approach to women to settle in, and as a result female participation was channeled into more supportive and traditionally-accepted roles.^ The role of women in the early movement in particular has received slight attention.
  • ASSESSING THE ROOTS 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC are.as.wvu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Main article: Women in Christianity Women were the catalyst of the early Pentecostal movement.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The subsiding of the early Pentecostal movement allowed a more socially-conservative approach to women to settle in, and as a result female participation was channeled into more supportive and traditionally-accepted roles.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Institutionalism brought gender segregation, and the Assemblies of God along with other Pentecostal groups created auxiliary women’s organizations.^ Institutionalism brought gender segregation, and the Assemblies of God along with other Pentecostal groups created auxiliary women’s organizations.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This was the position held by the Pentecostal groups which formed the Assemblies of God in 1914.
  • Revivalism to Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.inchristalone.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Church of God in Christ (White) Howard A. Goss associated with Church of God in Christ (African-American organization) seemed to dissolve or was absorbed when the Assemblies of God organized in 1914.

.At this time, women became much more likely to be evangelists and missionaries than pastors; when they were pastors, they often co-pastored with their husbands.^ At this time, women became much more likely to be evangelists and missionaries than pastors; when they were pastors, they often co-pastored with their husbands.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ More to the point, they resent me for leaning on what I’ve heard described to me more than once, as a “crutch”.
  • Journal · Earl Creps · Can we be Pentecostal and Emergent? · spiritual adventures in emerging culture 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC www.earlcreps.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It seems that this doctrine is more acceptable and educational than the doctrine of the mutual constitution of the Trinity, for the former is much more faithful to the trinitarian spirituality of the Scripture.
  • Basil's Pneumatology 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.pctii.org [Source type: Original source]

.It also became the norm for men to hold all official positions: board members, college presidents, and national administrators.^ It also became the norm for men to hold all official positions: board members, college presidents, and national administrators.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ No person shall hold more than one position that would make them a member of the General Board of Directors.
  • PFWB Faith and Practices - Pentecostal Free Will Baptist Website 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC www.pfwb.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The General Conference shall be composed of all general officers, all members of the General Board of Directors, all Ordained and Conference Licensed Ministers, and delegates from each local church and approved mission.
  • PFWB Faith and Practices - Pentecostal Free Will Baptist Website 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC www.pfwb.org [Source type: Original source]

.While the early movement eschewed denominationalism because of the dead spirituality they saw in other Protestant sects, later Pentecostal churches began to mirror the more-traditional evangelical community.^ This is because of their ignorance of the early history of this movement.

^ Traditional Pentecostalism was an offshoot of Evangelicalism.
  • The Briefing Library: The surprising face of Hillsong 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC matthiasmedia.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ While the early movement eschewed denominationalism because of the dead spirituality they saw in other Protestant sects, later Pentecostal churches began to mirror the more-traditional evangelical community.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, while the number of female pastors declined, most Pentecostal denominations continued to ordain women.^ However, while the number of female pastors declined, most Pentecostal denominations continued to ordain women.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Foursquare Gospel Church is the only Pentecostal denomination in Brazil that ordains women to the pastoral ministry, and one of the few that encourages pastors and lay people to run for elective political office.

^ Tomlinson defended the practice of women preachers, and the Church of God of Prophecy has a large number of women pastors and denominational leaders.

.The majority of early Pentecostal denominations taught nonviolence and adopted military service articles that advocated conscientious objection.^ The majority of early Pentecostal denominations taught nonviolence and adopted military service articles that advocated conscientious objection.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This article of belief is now incorporated in the official doctrinal schedules of practically all Pentecostal denominations” (Donald Gee, Now That You’ve Been Baptized in the Spirit , 1972, p.
  • Pentecostal-Charismatic Tongues Vs. the Bible 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Unlike classic Pentecostals, who formed strictly Pentecostal congregations or denominations, charismatics adopted as their motto, "Bloom where God planted you."
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[57] .As the Azusa Revival began to wane, however, doctrinal differences began to surface as pressure from social, cultural and political developments from the time began to affect the church.^ As the Azusa Revival began to wane, however, doctrinal differences began to surface as pressure from social, cultural and political developments from the time began to affect the church.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As the Asuza Revival began to wane, doctrinal differences began to surface as well as the pressure from social, cultural and political events of the time.

^ But it does mean that the miraculous was apostolic: it derived from the apostolic office present in the Church at that time, and it served to attest the apostles and their doctrine.
  • Try the Spirits: A Reformed Look at Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.cprf.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.As a result, major divisions, isolationism, sectarianism and even the increase of extremism were apparent.^ As a result, major divisions, isolationism, sectarianism and even the increase of extremism were apparent.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As a result, major divisions, separation, isolationism, sectarianism and even the increase of extremism were apparent.

[citation needed]

Early controversies

.In the first decade of the 20th century, controversy arose over a new doctrine, Finished Work, that differs from Wesleyan-holiness and Higher Life Pentecostalism.^ In the first decade of the 20th century, controversy arose over a new doctrine, Finished Work , that differs from Wesleyan-holiness and Higher Life Pentecostalism.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although the movement is a modern one (its foundation is usually taken to be the American Azusa Street revival in the first decade of the 20th century), its roots go back to the 18th century Wesleyan Holiness tradition, the 19th century Holiness movement and the late-Victorian Keswick Higher Life movement.
  • BBC - Religions - Christianity: Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Main article: Oneness Pentecostalism The Oneness movement, which eventually arose from the Wesleyan-holiness and Higher Life movements, differs from the rest of Pentecostalism in several significant ways.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Finished Work doctrine professes a two-fold experience of conversion and Spirit baptism, as sanctification is viewed as progressive rather than instantaneous.^ His work is more than two-fold work.
  • Chronology of Major Movements 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC watch.pair.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The power of the baptism with the Spirit is the awesome power of sanctification.
  • Try the Spirits: A Reformed Look at Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.cprf.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ The Finished Work doctrine professes a two-fold experience of conversion and Spirit baptism, as sanctification is viewed as progressive rather than instantaneous.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Pentecostal movement split over the "New Issue" or "New Revelation" which Frank Ewart, an Australian Baptist preacher, claimed to have received as a divine prophecy in 1913.[58] The Oneness Pentecostals separated from the wider Pentecostal movement during this time.^ The Pentecostal movement split over the "New Issue" or "New Revelation" which Frank Ewart, an Australian Baptist preacher, claimed to have received as a divine prophecy in 1913.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ 'Oneness' Pentecostalism got underway in 1913 when somebody at a camp-meeting received the 'revelation' that "the [singular!
  • Answering 'Oneness' Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC thriceholy.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The Oneness Pentecostals separated from the wider Pentecostal movement during this time.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Latter Rain Movement

.The Latter Rain Movement began out of an independent Bible school in Saskatchewan, Canada, and spread among many Pentecostal groups in the 1940s.^ Interestingly, "latter rain" has quite an early history in the pentecostal movement.
  • Talk To Action | Kingdom Now/Dominion/Restoration theology 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.talk2action.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Main article: Latter Rain Movement The Latter Rain Movement began out of an independent Bible school in Saskatchewan , Canada , and spread among many Pentecostal groups in the 1940s.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Latter Rain as a "movement" began with Pentecostal power.

.Latter Rain leaders taught "an extreme congregationalism" where local authority was exercised by a restored fivefold ministry, led by apostles who through the laying on of hands could impart spiritual gifts.^ Latter Rain leaders taught "an extreme congregationalism" where local authority was exercised by a restored fivefold ministry , led by apostles who through the laying on of hands could impart spiritual gifts.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Branham taught that gifts of the Holy Spirit could be transmitted through the laying on of hands via a man who possessed such gifts.

^ Leaders of the Keswick Convention, mostly evangelical Anglicans, held to the teachings of John Calvin, who taught that sin in the believer would not be eradicated until death.
  • ASSESSING THE ROOTS 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC are.as.wvu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[59] .Many traditional Pentecostal bodies, such as the Assemblies of God and the Pentecostal Fellowship of North America, were critical of the movement and condemned many of its practices as unscriptural.^ Many traditional Pentecostal bodies, such as the Assemblies of God and the Pentecostal Fellowship of North America, were critical of the movement and condemned many of its practices as unscriptural.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ First congregation of the Church of God formed at Camp Creek, North Carolina 1905 William Seymour accepts Pentecostal doctrine from Parham in Houston, Texas 1906 First General Assembly of the Church of God (Cleveland, Tenn.
  • Roboam_Link2 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC roboam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Shearer Schoolhouse Revival in Cherokee County, North Carolina as the beginning of the modern Pentecostal movement, the remoteness of the region very likely kept it as a localized event.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.One reason for the conflict between the traditional denominations and the "New Order", as the movement was also called, was the tendency of Latter Rain leaders to label existing groups as "apostasized" and "the old apostate Church of England".[59] The Latter Rain Movement was the most important controversy to affect Pentecostalism since World War II.^ Interestingly, "latter rain" has quite an early history in the pentecostal movement.
  • Talk To Action | Kingdom Now/Dominion/Restoration theology 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.talk2action.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tomlinson was one of the most influential men in the formation of the Pentecostal movement.

^ The Latter Rain Movement was the most important controversy to affect Pentecostalism since World War II .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Charismatic movement

.In the late 1960s and early 1970s, Christians from mainline churches in the United States, Europe, and other parts of the world began to accept the Pentecostal idea that the baptism of the Holy Spirit is available for Christians today, even if they did not accept other tenets of formal Pentecostalism.^ Baptism in the Holy Spirit is the central event of Pentecostalism.
  • BBC - Religions - Christianity: Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Part 6: Other problems with Oneness Pentecostalism .
  • The Gospel According to Oneness Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.gospeloutreach.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Pentecostals believe that baptism in the Spirit is an essential part of salvation.
  • BBC - Religions - Christianity: Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.Charismatic movements began to grow in mainline denominations.^ Charismatic movements began to grow in mainline denominations .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Main article: Neo-charismatic churches The "neocharismatic" movement is a broad collection of post-denominational and independent charismatic groups.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ So popular and powerful is the charismatic movement, blowing all before its mighty wind, that it is difficult to find a denomination of churches that has resisted it.
  • Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.cprf.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.Charismatic Episcopalians, Lutherans, Catholics, and Methodists emerged, and during that time period, Charismatic was used to refer to similar movements that existed within mainline denominations.^ Charismatic movements began to grow in mainline denominations .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Charismatic Episcopalians , Lutherans , Catholics , and Methodists emerged, and during that time period, Charismatic was used to refer to similar movements that existed within mainline denominations.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This statement could not be made today, because speaking in tongues is now being accepted as part of normal, personal and church life among Baptists, Episcopalians, Lutherans, Methodists, Presbyterians and even Catholics.

.Pentecostal, on the other hand, was used to refer to those who were a part of the churches and denominations that grew out of the earlier Azusa Street revival.^ Part 6: Other problems with Oneness Pentecostalism .
  • The Gospel According to Oneness Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.gospeloutreach.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Part of Azusa Street mission .

^ Pentecost believers, not part of the apostolic church.
  • United Pentecostal Church - by Dr. H. Wayne House 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC www.mtio.com [Source type: Original source]

.Unlike classic Pentecostals, who formed strictly Pentecostal congregations or denominations, charismatics adopted as their motto, "Bloom where God planted you."^ Classical Pentecostalism is the earliest form of Pentecostalism.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Unlike "Classical Pentecostals," who formed strictly Pentecostal congregations or denominations, Charismatics adopted as their motto, "Bloom where God planted you."

^ You know, that is a classic Pentecostal mark.
  • The Nexus of Religion and Foreign Policy: The Global Rise of Pentecostalism [Rush Transcript; Federal News Service] - Council on Foreign Relations 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.cfr.org [Source type: Original source]

[citation needed]
.In recent decades many independent charismatic churches and ministries have formed, or have developed their own denominations and church associations, such as the Vineyard Movement.^ Vineyard churches break from the Calvary Chapel to form their own "denomination".

^ In recent decades many independent charismatic churches and ministries have formed, or have developed their own denominations and church associations, such as the Vineyard Movement .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Several successful and pioneering doctoral theses in Pentecostal and Charismatic Studies have been completed in Birmingham in recent years, including studies on syncretism in Chilean Pentecostalism, a Black British Pentecostal political theology, new charismatic ministries in Ghana, African independent churches in Britain, the spirituality of Filipino Pentecostalism, contextual theology in Korean Pentecostalism, and exorcism in a Pentecostal church in Ghana.
  • Programmes in Pentecostal and Charismatic Studies 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC artsweb.bham.ac.uk [Source type: Academic]

.In the 1960s and still today, many Pentecostal churches were still strict with dress codes and forbidding certain forms of entertainment, creating a cultural distinction between Charismatics and Pentecostals.^ This is the charismatic movement, or charismatic renewal, in distinction from Pentecostalism.
  • Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.cprf.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ The church and organization is still thriving today.

^ The founder of the Foursquare Gospel church, Aimee Semple McPherson, wrote of exactly the same manifestations as are found in Pensacola and in charismatic churches worldwide today.
  • AZUSA STREET-Birth of a Lie 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.scionofzion.com [Source type: Original source]

.February 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] There is a great deal of overlap now between the charismatic and Pentecostal movements, though some Pentecostals still retain a strict understanding of "holiness living" principles.^ This is the charismatic movement, or charismatic renewal, in distinction from Pentecostalism.
  • Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.cprf.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Protestantism, including the Holiness and Pentecostal movements.
  • BIBLIOGRAPHY FOR COURSE ON HOLINESS-PENTECOSTAL TRADITION 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC acc.roberts.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ There is not a great deal of originality in the book.
  • IPHC Archive Pentecostal Inventory 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC arc.iphc.org [Source type: Academic]

Neo-charismatic movement

.The "neocharismatic" movement is a broad collection of post-denominational and independent charismatic groups.^ Main article: Neo-charismatic churches The "neocharismatic" movement is a broad collection of post-denominational and independent charismatic groups.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Main article: Latter Rain Movement The Latter Rain Movement began out of an independent Bible school in Saskatchewan , Canada , and spread among many Pentecostal groups in the 1940s.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In latter times, the latter rain movement & Charismatic movements shook the classical groups & challenged the earlier Pentecostal groups.
  • Christian Witness Ministries » Blog Archive » Pentecostalism is it biblical or just part of the Con? 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.christian-witness.org [Source type: Original source]

.It is the most recent movement of charismatic Christianity, and also the most numerous.^ It is the most recent movement of charismatic Christianity, and also the most numerous.
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In my book, Pentecostalism is as much a cult as Todd Bentley’s charismatic movement… and yes there are Christians among us…but God is not in these movements…he is in his Word.
  • Christian Witness Ministries » Blog Archive » Pentecostalism is it biblical or just part of the Con? 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.christian-witness.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Charismatic Christians, at least in the early days of the movement, tended to remain in their respective denominations.

[60]
.This movement incorporates what has been called the "third wave", a term coined by C. Peter Wagner.^ Pentecostals call this development "the third wave" of Pentecostalism.
  • Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.cprf.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ This movement incorporates what has been called the " third wave ", a term coined by C. Peter Wagner .
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some sources list the waves as starting with Azusa and the second and third waves being the Charismatic movement and the Brownsville-esque "third wave" revivals.
  • Talk To Action | Kingdom Now/Dominion/Restoration theology 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.talk2action.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Wagner described Pentecostalism as the "first wave", and the charismatic movement as the "second wave". The editors of the 2002 work The New International Dictionary of Pentecostal and Charismatic Movements "broadened and relabeled" the term "third wave" to "neocharismatic".[61] "Third wave" has more of a Western focus.^ Wagner described Pentecostalism as the "first wave", and the charismatic movement as the "second wave".
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This group is viewed as the first attempt to organize the new Pentecostal movement.

^ The editors of the 2002 work The New International Dictionary of Pentecostal and Charismatic Movements "broadened and relabeled" the term "third wave" to "neocharismatic".
  • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

People

Forerunners

Leaders

.
  • A. A. Allen (1911–70) Healing Tent Evangelist of the 1950s and 1960s
  • Joseph Ayo Babalola (1904–59) Oke - Ooye, Ilesa revivalist in 1930. Also, spiritual founder of Christ Apostolic Church
  • William M. Branham (1909–65) Healing Evangelists of the mid 20th century
  • Jack Coe (1918–56) Healing Tent Evangelist of the 1950s
  • Rex Humbard (1919–2007) The first successful TV evangelist of the mid 1950s, 1960s, and the 1970s and at one time had the largest television audience of any televangelist in the United States
  • George Jeffreys (1889–1962) Founder of the Elim Foursquare Gospel Alliance and the Bible-Pattern Church Fellowship in the UK
  • Bishop R.A.R. Johnson (1876–1940) Founder of the House of God, Holy Church of the Living God, The Pillar and the Ground of the Truth, The House of Prayer for All People.^ Comforter, he, Spirit of truth = God, the Holy Spirit .
    • Apostolic Church Apostasy: UPC Oneness, United Pentecostal Church cult of Jesus Only 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC www.dokimos.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It simply is not the truth of God in Jesus Christ.
    • Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.cprf.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

    ^ At one time Humbard will have the largest network of television stations that carry a religious broadcast in the United States.

    .A Commandment (Sabbath) keeping Pentecostal organization.
  • Kathryn Kuhlman (1907–76) American female evangelist who brought Pentecostalism into the mainstream denominations
  • Charles Harrison Mason (1866–1961) The Founder of the Church of God In Christ
  • Aimee Semple McPherson (1890–1944) American Female Evangelist, pastor, and organizer of the International Church of the Foursquare Gospel
  • Charles Fox Parham (1873–1929) Father of Modern Pentecostalism
  • David du Plessis (1905–87) South-African Pentecostal church leader, one of the founders of the Charismatic movement
  • Oral Roberts (1918-2009) Healing Tent Evangelist who made the transition to televangelism
  • William J. Seymour (1870–1922) Azusa Street Mission Founder (Azusa Street Revival)
  • Mary Magdalena Lewis Tate (1871–1930)[62] - Mother of Holiness.^ Ellis Roberts ( Father of Oral Roberts ) becomes a pastor of a the Pentecostal Holiness Church .

    ^ Kuhlman was one of several Charismatic ministers who helped to bring the Pentecostal experience into mainstream Christianity.

    ^ The organization has its roots in Charles Parham's revivals.

    .Founder of the Church of the Living God, the Pillar and Ground of the Truth, Inc. and its dominion churches.^ Ethiopian Overcoming Holy Church of God organized ( Apostolic Overcoming Holy Church of God 1927) by William T. Phillips, who is also the founder of the black oneness Pentecostal organization Apostolic Overcoming Holy Church of God in 1917.

    ^ K. E. Abraham, the co-founder of the Indian Pentecostal Church of God, was the first to come up with an autobiography as well.

    ^ This living testament of the world-famous late Rev. Donald Gee will refresh and inspire a new generation of seekers after God's truth and salvation.
    • IPHC Archive Pentecostal Inventory 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC arc.iphc.org [Source type: Academic]

    [63]
  • Smith Wigglesworth (1859–1947)
  • Maria Woodworth-Etter (1844–1924)

See also

Further reading

.
  • Paul Alexander, (2009), Peace to War: Shifting Allegiances in the Assemblies of God.^ Paul Alexander , (2009), Signs and Wonders: Why Pentecostalism is the World's Fastest Growing Faith .
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Peace to War: Shifting Allegiances in the Assemblies of God (Telford, PA: Cascadia, 2009).
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Paul Alexander , (2009), Peace to War: Shifting Allegiances in the Assemblies of God .
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Telford, PA: Cascadia Publishing/Herald Press.
  • Paul Alexander, (2009), Signs and Wonders: Why Pentecostalism is the World's Fastest Growing Faith.^ Edward Irving promotes Pentecostal signs and wonders as heralds of the last days.
    • Chronology of Major Movements 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC watch.pair.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ And reading of the signs and spiritual wonders at Azusa, southern converts to Pentecostalism craved similar experiences.
    • Untitled Document 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC jsr.as.wvu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ There was a growing feeling that the Universal Christian Council on Life and Work and the World Conference on Faith and Order tended increasingly to cover the same ground.
    • Chronology of Major Movements 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC watch.pair.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Foreword by Martin E. Marty.^ Foreword by Martin E. Marty.
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
  • S. J. Clifton, (2005), An Analysis of the Developing Ecclesiology of the Assemblies of God in Australia, PhD thesis Australian Catholic University
  • Samuel Cruz, (2005), Masked Africanisms: Puerto Rican Pentecostalism, Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company, IA, ISBN 0-7575-2181-9
  • Walter Hollenweger, (1972), The Pentecostals: the charismatic movement in the churches, Augsburg Publishing House, Minneapolis, ISBN 0-8066-1210-X
  • Walter Hollenweger, , (1997), Pentecostalism : origins and developments worldwide, Peabody, Mass. : Hendrickson Publishers, ISBN 0-943575-36-2
  • Meharry H. Lewis, (2005), Mary Lena Lewis Tate: Vision!, A Biography of the Founder and History of the Church of the Living God, the Pillar and Ground of the Truth, Inc., Nashville, Tenn.: The New and Living Way Publishing Company, ISBN 0-910003-08-4.
  • Keith Malcomson (2008), "Pentecostal Pioneers Remembered". 'British & Irish Pioneers of Pentecost.'^ Neo-Pentecostalism is the name given to this movement as it is practiced within the established Protestant churches and within the Roman Catholic Church.
    • Try the Spirits: A Reformed Look at Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.cprf.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In every other country, by contrast, the renewalist movement is primarily charismatic in character, with charismatics outnumbering pentecostals by a margin of at least twoto-one.

    ^ To create the sort of emphasis upon tongues-speaking that one finds in the Pentecostal-Charismatic movement one must read many things into the Bible that are not there, and this is not the way that honest brethren use the Scriptures.
    • Pentecostal-Charismatic Tongues Vs. the Bible 1 February 2010 3:39 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

    www.pentecostalpioneers.org
  • .
  • Kelly Willis Mendiola, (2002) The hand of a woman: four holiness-Pentecostal evangelists and American culture, 1840-1930, Thesis (Ph.^ Kelly Willis Mendiola, (2002) The hand of a woman: four holiness-Pentecostal evangelists and American culture, 1840-1930 , Thesis (Ph.
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Within North American classical Pentecostalism there are three major orientations: Wesleyan holiness , Higher Life , and Oneness .
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Synan goes on to point out that this same teaching of perfectionism was brought into Pentecostalism by the American evangelist Charles Finney in the eighteenth century.
    • Pentecostalism 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.cprf.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

    D.)—University of Texas at Austin, 2002, OCLC 56818195.
  • Abi Olowe, (2007) Great Revivals, Great Revivalist - Joseph Ayo Babalola, Omega Publishers.
  • Matthew Steel, (2005), Pentecostalism in Zambia: Power, Authority and the Overcomers, MSc Dissertation - an examination of the growth and effects of Pentecostalism on development, University of Wales
  • Grant Wacker, (2001), Heaven Below: Early Pentecostals and American Culture, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA - An academic history of early Pentecostalism.
  • Robert Woodberry (2008) "Pentecostalism and Economic Development." pp. 157–177 in Markets, Morals and Religion. .Jonathan B. Imber (ed.^ Jonathan B. Imber (ed.
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ) .New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers http://www.prec.com.
  • "A Church’s Challenge: Holding On to Its Young".^ Glen Clary Immanuel Orthodox Presbyterian Church West Collingswood, NJ Post New Comment :: Reply to this Comment .

    ^ Gardner, Laurence, Realm of the Ring Lords, http://www.geocities.com/CapitolHill/Parliament/3460/lords2.html .
    • Chronology of Major Movements 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC watch.pair.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Dan Rogers, " The evidence of black people in the Bible, " at: http://www.christianodyssey.com/bible/africans.html .

    .New York Times.^ The April 14, 1968 New York Times reported that Haines "said that detailed military planning for the summer began in February.
    • British Subversion of America:The Militias and Pentacostilism--Who is Wagging YourNeighbor's Tongue? 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.larouchepub.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Who is Wagging Your Neighbor's Tongue? -- The Militias and Pentecostalism, by Anton Chaitkin,  at American Buddha Online Library 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC www.american-buddha.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ He was a professor of Christian Ethics at Union Theological Seminary in New York City for 25 years during which time he influenced thousands of seminary students.
    • Chronology of Major Movements 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC watch.pair.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ New York Times.
    • Boston University School of Theology Archives 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    2007. .http://www.nytimes.com/2007/01/16/nyregion/16storefront.html?ex=157680000&en=2dba579e8e7c73d2&ei=5124&partner=digg&exprod=digg.^ Gardner, Laurence, Realm of the Ring Lords, http://www.geocities.com/CapitolHill/Parliament/3460/lords2.html .
    • Chronology of Major Movements 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC watch.pair.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Dan Rogers, " The evidence of black people in the Bible, " at: http://www.christianodyssey.com/bible/africans.html .

    ^ Dager, Albert James, "The World Christian Movement: Evangelism vs. Evangelization" Media Spotlight, Vol 22, No.2; http://www.geocities.com/hebrews928/dagrwcm1.html .
    • Chronology of Major Movements 9 January 2010 23:44 UTC watch.pair.com [Source type: Original source]

    Retrieved 2008-02-25
    . 
  • Donald E. Miller and Tetsunao Yamamori (2007) Global Pentecostalism: The New Face of Christian Social Engagement,[64] University of California Press, Berkeley, CA - Miller and Yamamori traveled to 20 countries around the world to explore the rapid growth of Pentecostalism.

References

  1. ^ a b Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life. "Pentecostalism". http://pewforum.org/docs/?DocID=140. Retrieved 2008-09-24. 
  2. ^ a b "Pentecostalism". The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2008. http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1E1-Pentcstl.html. Retrieved 2008-12-19. 
  3. ^ a b Patterson, Eric; Rybarczyk, Edmund (2007). The Future of Pentecostalism in the United States. New York: Lexington Books. p. 4. ISBN 978-0-7391-2102-3. 
  4. ^ Blumhofer, Edith (1989). The Assemblies of God: A Chapter in the Story of America Pentecostalism Volume 1- -To 1941. Springfield,MO 65802-1894: Gospel Publishing House. pp. 198,199. ISBN 0-88243-457-8. 
  5. ^ a b c d BBC - Religion & Ethics (2007-06-20). "Pentecostalism". http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/christianity/subdivisions/pentecostal_1.shtml. Retrieved 2009-02-10. 
  6. ^ a b Menzies, William W. (2007), "The Reformed Roots of Pentecostalism", PentecoStudies 6 (2): 78-99 
  7. ^ Stanley M. Horton Systematic Theology: A Pentecostal Perspective, 1994
  8. ^ a b Amos Yong (March 7, 2006). "Discerning the Spirit". http://www.religion-online.org/showarticle.asp?title=3345. Retrieved 2009-05-16. 
  9. ^ a b Robeck, Cecil M. (2003), "An Emerging Magisterium? The Case of the Assemblies of God", Pneuma: The Journal of the Society for Pentecostal Studies 25 (2): 177 
  10. ^ Livingstone, E.A. (2000). "Pentecostalism". The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church. http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1O95-Pentecostalism.html. Retrieved 2008-12-21. 
  11. ^ Robeck, Cecil M. (2003), "An Emerging Magisterium? The Case of the Assemblies of God", Pneuma: The Journal of the Society for Pentecostal Studies 25 (2): 174–175 
  12. ^ Glossolalia as Foreign Language an Investigation of twentieth-Century Pentecostal Claim, available online at http://wesley.nnu.edu/wesleyan_theology/theojrnl/31-35/31-1-05.htm
  13. ^ Abstinence: A Biblical Perspective on Abstinence. Springfield,MO 65802-1894: General Council of the Assemblies of God. 1985. p. 2. http://www.ag.org/top/Beliefs/position_papers/pp_downloads/pp_4187_abstinence.pdf. 
  14. ^ Blumhofer. The Assemblies of God: A Chapter in the Story of America Pentecostalism Volume 1- -To 1941. pp.156-158
  15. ^ See under "The Church," in Essential Doctrines of the Bible, copyright 1990, by Word Aflame Press.
  16. ^ "The Doctrine of the Church of God in Christ". Cogic.com. http://www.cogic.com/doctrine.html. Retrieved 2009-11-12. 
  17. ^ "Statement of Fundamental Truths". Ag.org. http://www.ag.org/top/beliefs/Statement_of_Fundamental_Truths/sft_short.cfm. Retrieved 2009-11-12. 
  18. ^ "The Foursquare Declaration of Faith". Foursquare.org. 2008-05-12. http://www.foursquare.org/landing_pages/4,3.html. Retrieved 2009-11-12. 
  19. ^ See David Bernard, The New Birth, Chapter 6. Retrieved on 3/30/09. Bernard insists that the UPCI and other Oneness Pentecostals do not teach "baptismal regeneration," as the water itself does not save, but rather the obedience to Christ's command coupled with the grace He dispenses through this ordinance. But he does indicate the Oneness belief that the Scriptures require water baptism for salvation, as this—not any "sinner's prayer" or mere belief alone—is what Christ instituted.
  20. ^ See Essential Doctrines of the Bible, "New Testament Salvation", subheading "Salvation by grace through faith", Word Aflame Press, 1979.
  21. ^ See, for instance, Thomas A. Fudge: Chrisitianity Without the Cross: A History of Salvation in Oneness Pentecotalism. Universal Publishers, 2003.
  22. ^ See chapter 2: "Grace and Faith" in David Bernard, The New Birth. Retrieved on 30 March 2009.
  23. ^ See chapter 12: "Are There Exceptions?" in David Bernard, The New Birth. Retrieved on 16 May 2009.
  24. ^ Barnett, Raymond (2006). The Transformation of the Assemblies of God – From Christian Brother to Big Brother – In Less Than 100 Years. p. 1. http://www.timefortruth.com/ForYourSpirit/StateOfChurch.aspx. 
  25. ^ Assemblies of God General Presbytery (August 19, 1980). "The Believer and Positive Confession (a position paper of the Assemblies of God)". http://www.ag.org/top/Beliefs/Position_Papers/pp_downloads/pp_4183_confession.pdf. Retrieved 2009-08-06. 
  26. ^ Christianity's Third Force – Pentecostals Return to "Scandalous" Roots. By Dan Ramirez. May 13, 1997
  27. ^ David Stoll, "Is Latin America Turning Protestant?" published Berkeley: University of California Press. 1990
  28. ^ Jeff Hadden (1997). "Pentecostalism". http://web.archive.org/web/20060427204250/religiousmovements.lib.virginia.edu/nrms/penta.html. Retrieved 2008-09-24. 
  29. ^ Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life (2006-04-24). "Moved by the Spirit: Pentecostal Power and Politics after 100 Years". http://pewforum.org/events/?EventID=109. Retrieved 2008-09-24. 
  30. ^ "Pentecostalism". Britannica Concise Encyclopedia. 2007. http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1B1-374862.html. Retrieved 2008-12-21. 
  31. ^ "The CT Review: Pie-in-the-Sky Now". Christianity Today. 2000. http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2000/013/36.107.html. Retrieved 2008-01-30. 
  32. ^ Ed Gitre, Christianity Today Magazine (2000-11-13). "The CT Review: Pie-in-the-Sky Now". http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2000/november13/36.107.html. 
  33. ^ World Christian Database, Asia Pacific Mission Office
  34. ^ Johnstone, Patrick; Schirrmacher, Thomas (2003). Gebet für die Welt. Hänssler, ISBN 978-0813342757.
  35. ^ "A Brief History of the Church of God". http://www.churchofgod.org/about/history.cfm. Retrieved 2008-03-31. 
  36. ^ United Pentecostal Church International. "About Us". http://upci.org/about.asp. Retrieved 2009-03-30. 
  37. ^ International Pentecostal Holiness Church (2007). "24th General Conference Highlights". http://arc.iphc.org/timeline/gencon24.html. Retrieved 2009-03-01. 
  38. ^ "Pentecostal churches". Oikoumene.org. http://www.oikoumene.org/en/member-churches/church-families/pentecostal-churches.html. Retrieved 2009-11-12. 
  39. ^ a b Patheos. "Pentecostal Origins". http://www.patheos.com/Library/Pentecostal/Origins/Beginnings?offset=0&max=1. Retrieved 2009-11-03. 
  40. ^ Hunter, Harold D. (January 1997). "Beniah at the Apostolic Crossroads: Little Noticed Crosscurrents of B.H. Irwin, Charles Fox Parham, Frank Sandford, A.J. Tomlinson". Cyberjournal for Pentecostal-Charismatic Research. Pentecostal-Charismatic Theological Inquiry International. http://www.pctii.org/cyberj/cyberj1/hunter.html. Retrieved 2009-03-03. 
  41. ^ McGee, Gary B. (September 1999). ""Latter Rain" Falling in the East: Early-Twentieth-Century Pentecostalism in India and the Debate over Speaking in Tongues". Church History (Cambridge University Press) 68 (3): 648–65. 
  42. ^ Blumhofer, Edith (1989). Pentecost in My Soul: Explorations in the Meaning of Pentecostal Experience in the Early Assemblies of God. Springfield,MO 65802-1894: Gospel Publishing House. p. 92. ISBN 0-88243-646-5. 
  43. ^ "History of the Assemblies of God". Ag.org. http://ag.org/top/About/history.cfm. Retrieved 2009-11-12. 
  44. ^ Blumhofer. The Assemblies of God: A Chapter in the Story of America Pentecostalism, Volume 1—To 1941. pp.97-112
  45. ^ "Weird Babble of Tongues", Los Angeles Daily Times: April 18, 1906.
  46. ^ Blumhofer, Edith L. Restoring the Faith: The Assemblies of God, pentecostalism, and American culture. The Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois. 1993. 3–5.
  47. ^ Burgess. Encyclopedia of Pentecostal and Charismatic Christianity. 460.
  48. ^ Wacker, Grant. Heaven Below: Earlier Pentecostals and American Culture. Harvard University Press. 2001. 160–161.
  49. ^ a b Burgess. Encyclopedia of Pentecostal and Charismatic Christianity. 460.
  50. ^ Burgess. Dictionary. 893, 895.
  51. ^ Wacker. Heaven Below. 158–59.
  52. ^ Keller. Encyclopedia of Women and Religion. 395–96.
  53. ^ Keller. Encyclopedia of Women and Religion. 401.
  54. ^ Wacker. Heaven Below. 160.
  55. ^ Keller. Encyclopedia of Women and Religion. 394.
  56. ^ Blumhofer. Restoring the Faith. 173.
  57. ^ Paul Alexander. Peace to War: Shifting Allegiances in the Assemblies of God (Telford, PA: Cascadia, 2009). Jay Beaman, "Pentecostal Pacifism" (Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock, 2009)
  58. ^ Blumhofer. The Assemblies of God. Vol 1. pp.217-239
  59. ^ a b Patterson, Eric; Rybarczyk, Edmund (editors) (2007). The Future of Pentecostalism in the United States. New York: Lexington Books. pp. 159–160. ISBN 978-0-7391-2102-3. 
  60. ^ Stanley M Burgess, Eduard M van der Maas (eds) The New International Dictionary of Pentecostal and Charismatic Movements (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2002) s.v. "neocharismatics"
  61. ^ Dictionary, "Introduction", page xvii–xviii
  62. ^ Lewis, Meharry H. (2005). Mary Lena Lewis Tate VISION!. The New and Living Way Publishing Company. ISBN 0910003084. http://www.clgpgt.org/ORG/founder1.html. Retrieved 2008-01-29. 
  63. ^ "The Church of the Living God". WikiChristian. 2008. http://www.wikichristian.org/index.php/Religious_Organizations:Church_Of_the_Living_God:Index. Retrieved 2008-02-10. 
  64. ^ "Global Pentecostalism : Donald E. Miller and Tetsunao Yamamori". Ucpress.edu. http://www.ucpress.edu/books/pages/10061.php#copy. Retrieved 2009-11-12. 

External links

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Noun

Singular
Pentecostalism
Plural
Pentecostalisms
Pentecostalism (plural Pentecostalisms)
  1. Christian religious movement that emphasizes the Holy Spirit.

Translations

References

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