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Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

People at a Dutch train station

The English noun people has two distinct fields of application:

  • as a singular noun, a group of humans, either with unspecified traits, or specific characteristics (e.g. the people of Spain or the people of the Plains).
  • as an irregular plural noun, people is the suppletive plural of person. However, the word persons is sometimes used in place of people, especially when it would be ambiguous with its collective sense (e.g. missing persons instead of people). It can collectively refer to all humans or it can be used to identify a certain ethnic or religious group. For example, "people of color" is a phrase used in North America to describe non-whites.[1]

Contents

In philosophy and theory

The concept of personhood (who is a person within a society) is the fundamental component of any selective concept of people. A distinction is maintained in philosophy and law between the notions "human being", or "man", and "person". The former refers to the species, while the latter refers to a rational agent (see, for example, John Locke's Essay concerning Human Understanding II 27 and Immanuel Kant's Introduction to the Metaphysic of Morals). Central issues of interest to people are the understanding of the human condition and the meaning of life, and survival. Religion, philosophy, and science show or represent modes and aspects of inquiry which attempt to investigate and understand the nature, behavior, and purpose of people. Sociology, economics, and politics represent modes by which people investigate how to maximize a collective survival strategy.

In politics

Various republics govern, or claim to govern, in the name of the people. Both the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire used the Latin term Senatus Populusque Romanus, (the Senate and People of Rome). This term was fixed to Roman legionary standards, and even after the Roman Emperors achieved a state of total personal autarchy, they continued to wield their power in the name of the Senate and People of Rome. A People's Republic is typically a Marxist or socialist one-party state that claims to govern on behalf of the people. Populism is another umbrella term for various political tendencies that claim to represent the people, usually with an implication that they serve the common people instead of the elite.

In law

In criminal law, in certain jurisdictions, criminal prosecutions are brought in the name of the People. Several U.S. states, including California, Illinois, and New York, use this style.[2] Citations outside the jurisdictions in question usually substitute the name of the state for the words "the People" in the case captions.[3] Four states — Massachusetts, Virginia, Pennsylvania, and Kentucky — refer to themselves as the Commonwealth in case captions and legal process.[4] Other states, such as Indiana, typically refer to themselves as the State in case captions and legal process. The political theory underlying this format is that criminal prosecutions are brought in the name of the sovereign; thus, in these U.S. states, the "people" are judged to be the sovereign, even as in the United Kingdom and other dependencies of the British Crown, criminal prosecutions are typically brought in the name of the Crown. "The people" identifies the entire body of the citizens of a jurisdiction invested with political power or gathered for political purposes.[5]

See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ Safire, William. "On language: People of color" The New York Times, November 20, 1988. See also: "The Black Press at 150", editorial, The Washington Post, March 18, 1977
  2. ^ See, e.g., California v. Anderson 6 Cal. 3d 628; 493 P.2d 880; 100 Cal. Rptr. 152; 1972 Cal. LEXIS 154 (1972)
  3. ^ See generally, The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation, rule 10.
  4. ^ See Commonwealth (United States)
  5. ^ Black's Law Dictionary, 5th ed., "People".

Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Quotes about people

Sourced

  • A person is smart. People are dumb, panicky, dangerous animals, and you know it.
  • Show me a man or a woman alone and I'll show you a saint. Give me two and they'll fall in love. Give me three and they'll invent the charming thing we call 'society'. Give me four and they'll build a pyramid. Give me five and they'll make one an outcast. Give me six and they'll reinvent prejudice. Give me seven and in seven years they'll reinvent warfare. Man may have been made in the image of God, but human society was made in the image of His opposite number, and is always trying to get back home.
    • Glen Bateman, The Stand (C&U), 3rd paragraph of Chapter 42, by Stephen King
  • I judge people by what they might be,—not are, nor will be.
  • The people will live on.
    The learning and blundering people will live on.
    • Carl Sandburg (1878–1967), American poet. The People, Yes (1936)

External links

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Look up people in Wiktionary, the free dictionary

1911 encyclopedia

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From LoveToKnow 1911

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Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010
(Redirected to Category:People article)

From Familypedia

Wikipedia has a page called:

People of all ages, periods, and countries

Subcategories of this category may include some of these (listed alphabetically by subject, with the initial list based on the corresponding category at Wikipedia):

The above names (and others from Wikipedia) are recommended for use as category and/or page names wherever suitable, so as to gain maximum help from our ability to link easily with Wikipedia. (Ask Robin Patterson if you don't believe there's much saving.)

Some of them, such as People of the 10th century (and other centuries), may be best collected in subcategories of this category because of their numbers.

See also: Consanguinity

This category may require frequent maintenance to avoid becoming too large. It should list very few (if any) media or article pages directly, and should mainly contain subcategories. Media files and articles in this category should be moved to subcategories where appropriate.

Subcategories

This category has the following 24 subcategories, out of 24 total.

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Pages in category "People"

The following 2 pages are in this category, out of 2 total.

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  • Help:Model page for person

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Facts about PeopleRDF feed

This article uses material from the "Category:People" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.







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