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République Populaire du Congo



Capital Brazzaville
Language(s) French
Government Socialist republic,
Single-party communist state
President Marien Ngouabi
Prime Minister Henri Lopès
Historical era Cold War
 - Established 1970
 - Disestablished 1991
Currency Central African CFA franc

The People's Republic of the Congo was a self-declared socialist state ("communist state") that was established in 1970 in the Republic of the Congo.


Flag of the Congo Army (1970-1992).
Congo Roundel (1970-1992).

The People's Republic of the Congo was proclaimed in Brazzaville after a successful coup organized by militant leftists overthrew the government. Marien Ngouabi was installed as head of the state and transformed the country into a communist-based nation two years after the coup. After abolishing the national assembly, Ngouabi formed a Marxism-Leninist party known as the Congolese Labor Party (PCT), which was the sole party of the newly founded socialist state. Marien Ngouabi was assassinated in 1977.

Likewise to the other African communist states, the People's Republic of the Congo shared close ties with the Soviet Union and was part of the Eastern Bloc.[1] This association remained strong after Marien Ngouabi's assassination in 1977. However, the PCT regime also maintained a close relationship with France.

In mid-1991, the Sovereign National Conference removed the word populaire from the country's official name, while also replacing the flag and anthem that had been used under the PCT regime.[2]


  1. ^ Timeline: Republic of the Congo
  2. ^ John F. Clark, "Congo: Transition and the Struggle to Consolidate", in Political Reform in Francophone Africa (1997), ed. John F. Clark and David E. Gardinier, page 69.


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