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Sir Peregrine Maitland

Sir Peregrine Maitland, KCB, GCB (July 6, 1777 – May 30, 1854) was a British soldier and colonial administrator who played first-class cricket from 1798 to 1808.

Born at Long Parish House, Hurstbourne, Hampshire, the eldest of five sons of Thomas Maitland of Lyndhurst, Hampshire, (d. 1798) by his spouse Jane, daughter of Edward Mathew, General of the Coldstream Guards by his wife Lady Jane (d. 21 August 1793), daughter of Peregrine Bertie, 2nd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven. Thomas Maitland possessed plantations in the parish of St. Thomas Middle Island on the island of St. Christopher.

Contents

First-class cricket career

Maitland was an amateur first-class cricketer who made 27 known appearances in major cricket matches from 1798 to 1808.

He was mainly associated with Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) and he also played for Surrey and Hampshire [1].

Military career

He joined the Grenadier Guards at the age of 15 as an Ensign. He went on to serve in Flanders in 1794 and both Corunna and Walcheren in 1809. During the later stages of the Peninsula War Maitland commanded his regiment and he became a Major General in 1813

He served with distinction at the Battle of Waterloo and was dubbed a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath, June 22, 1815. He was appointed lieutenant-governor of Upper Canada in 1818 and supported the Family Compact that dominated the province. He attempted to suppress and reform pro-American tendencies in the colony and resisted demands of radicals in the government. His tenure in Upper Canada ended in 1828 when he was appointed lieutenant-governor of Nova Scotia serving there from 1828 until 1834.

Maitland went to India and became commander in chief of the Madras army in 1836 serving for two years. In 1844 he became governor of the Cape of Good Hope, but was removed during the Xhosa War. He was made a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath on April 6, 1852.

Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia

Maitland became the lieutenant governor of Nova Scotia on 29 Nov. 1828, with the added responsibility of commander-in-chief of the forces in the Atlantic region. He was popular. Certainly his strongly moral conduct had an impact on Halifax’s society. By insisting on walking to church, he effectively ended the garrison parades on Sunday, the city’s major social event, and he publicly denounced the open market that day.

Maitland was responsible for the settlement reached for Pictou Academy. In dealing with immigration and settlement, he had lands laid out in Cape Breton at crown expense so that the 4,000 immigrants expected that year could be legally placed and systematically settled.

In October 1832 Maitland went to England on leave, presumably because of his health, and the government was placed in charge of Thomas Nickleson Jeffery*. Though he continued to conduct official correspondence from England, he never returned to North America and he was succeeded in Nova Scotia by Sir Colin Campbell in July 1834.

Family

He married twice: (1) in 1803, Louisa (d. 1805), daughter of Sir Edward Crofton, 2nd Baronet, and (2) at the Duke of Wellington's HQ during the occupation of Paris, October 9, 1815, Lady Sarah (1792 - 1873), daughter of the 4th Duke of Richmond. By his second wife he had an eldest daughter Sarah (1817 - 1900), who married Thomas Bowes Forster (1802 - 1870), Lieutenant-Colonel in the Madras Army.

Maitland in popular fiction

In his novel Les Misérables Victor Hugo credits Maitland (or Colville) with asking for the surrender of the Imperial Guard and receiving General Cambronne's reply of "Merde". (Chapter XIV. The Last Square)

Legacy

Maitland, Hants County, Nova Scotia is named after him. Maitland Street, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia is named after him.

References

  1. ^ Arthur Haygarth, Scores & Biographies, Volume 1 (1744-1826), Lillywhite, 1862

Further reading

  • Sherwood, George, editor, The Pedigree Register, London, September, 1908, pps:154-5.
  • Bannerman, W. Bruce, FSA, editor, Miscellanea Genealogica et Heraldica, 4th series, London, 1908, vol.2, p. 317.
  • Summerville, Christopher J. (2007) Who Was Who At Waterloo, Pearson Education pps:257-261 ISBN 978-0-582-78405-5

External sources

Government offices
Preceded by
Samuel Smith
Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada
1818–1828
Succeeded by
Sir John Colborne
Preceded by
Thomas N. Jeffrey
Governor of Nova Scotia
1828–1834
Succeeded by
Sir Colin Campbell
Preceded by
Sir George Thomas Napier
Governor of the Cape Colony
1844–1847
Succeeded by
Sir Henry Eldred Curwen Pottinger
Academic offices
Preceded by
New Position
Chancellor of King's College
1827–1828
Succeeded by
Sir John Colborne
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