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Perfect Dark
Perfect Dark U.S. N64 game cover
Developer(s) Rare (Nintendo 64)
4J Studios (XBLA)
Publisher(s) Rare (Nintendo 64)
Nintendo (Nintendo 64)
Microsoft Game Studios (XBLA)
Designer(s) Mark Edmonds
Chris Tilston
Duncan Botwood
Composer(s) Grant Kirkhope
Graeme Norgate
David Clynick
Series Perfect Dark
Engine Enhanced GoldenEye 007, Miles Sound System
Platform(s) Nintendo 64, Xbox 360 (XBLA)
Release date(s) Nintendo 64

NA May 22, 2000
EU June 30, 2000
Xbox Live Arcade
March 17, 2010

Mode(s) Single-player, multiplayer 1–4 humans, up to 8 computer players
Rating(s) BBFC: 18
ESRB: M
OFLC: MA15+
OFLC: R16+
Media 256 Mb (32 MB) cartridge, Direct Download
Input methods Gamepad

Perfect Dark is a first-person shooter video game originally released for the Nintendo 64 in 2000. The game was developed by Rare, creators of the multimillion-selling GoldenEye 007, an earlier first-person shooter with which Perfect Dark shares many gameplay features. It was branded as a Rare published game in North America and Europe, although Nintendo distributed and marketed the title. This game is also considered the spiritual successor to GoldenEye 007. The game was first released in Canada and the United States in May 2000, where it was greeted with critical acclaim; PAL and NTSC-J releases followed soon afterwards. An Xbox Live Arcade port with enhanced graphics, online multiplayer and some other minor changes was released on March 17, 2010.

The game features a single-player mode consisting of seventeen missions in which the player assumes the role of special agent Joanna Dark, an operative for the fictional Carrington Institute, as she attempts to stop a conspiracy by rival corporation dataDyne. It also includes a range of multiplayer options, including co-operative and "counter-operative" modes in addition to traditional deathmatch settings. Technically, it is one of the most advanced games developed for the N64, with optional high-resolution graphics and Dolby Surround Sound.

In September 2000, a separate game starring agent Joanna Dark, also titled Perfect Dark, was released for the Game Boy Color. Although set in the same universe, it follows a separate storyline. With the use of the Transfer Pak, the Game Boy game allows certain features within the Nintendo 64 version to be unlocked. Perfect Dark Zero, a prequel to Perfect Dark also developed by Rare, was a launch title for the Xbox 360 in 2005. Perfect Dark: Initial Vector, a novel by Greg Rucka, was published later that year. A second novel, Perfect Dark: Second Front, followed in 2007. A series of comics titled Perfect Dark: Janus' Tears was released between 2006 and 2007, spanning the story between these two novels.

Contents

Storyline

Perfect Dark series fictional chronology

2020 - Perfect Dark Zero
2020 - Perfect Dark: Initial Vector
2021 - Perfect Dark: Janus' Tears
2021 - Perfect Dark: Second Front
2022 - Perfect Dark (Game Boy Color)
2023 - Perfect Dark

Perfect Dark is set in the year 2023 against the backdrop of an interstellar war between two races: the Maians, who resemble the stereotypical "greys" of alien abduction folklore, and the Skedar, reptile-like extraterrestrials who can disguise themselves as humans, bearing similarities to Nordic aliens.

On Earth, there is an on-going rivalry between two factions. The Carrington Institute, founded by Daniel Carrington, is officially a research and development center but secretly operates an espionage group in league with the Maians. DataDyne, on the other hand, is a sinister defense contractor with a clandestine link to the Skedar. The player is cast as Joanna Dark, an agent of the Carrington Institute, whose impeccable scores in training have earned her the codename "Perfect Dark".

Maian alien as depicted in the Maian SOS solo level.

The game begins with her mission to investigate suspicious reports from a dataDyne insider calling himself Dr. Caroll, who turns out to be an AI. After the raid on dataDyne, Carrington is held captive at his private villa by dataDyne soldiers & forced to tell them where Dr. Caroll has been hidden. Once Joanna rescues Carrington, he informs her that Dr. Caroll has been taken to the G5 Corporation headquarters in Chicago, which is suspected to be a front for dataDyne. Joanna is sent to Chicago to uncover dataDyne's plans.

In the process, she uncovers a conspiracy between dataDyne and the Skedar: the Skedar plan to steal an alien "megaweapon" from a crashed spacecraft on the Earth's ocean floor and use it to annihilate the Maians. After the G5 mission, Carrington alerts Joanna that a Maian craft was shot down near Area 51 and sends her to rescue any survivors from the base. While inside the base, she rescues one survivor, a Maian Protector who goes by the name of "Elvis".

When the President of the United States refuses to loan dataDyne the research vessel they need to retrieve the megaweapon, they plot to kill him and replace him with a dataDyne-grown clone. Unbeknownst to dataDyne, the Skedar also intend to test-fire the megaweapon on the Earth, destroying it in the process. To accomplish their plans, an NSA strike team led by Trent Easton invades the air base where Air Force One will be departing from. When Joanna foils this strike, the NSA along with some Skedar in human form take over the plane itself, which crashes after an attempt to detach the Skedar transport craft attached to it. Having survived the crash, Joanna eliminates the president's clone, rescues the real president and regroups with Elvis. Due to the failure of dataDyne to kill the president, Trent Easton is killed by one particular Skedar known as "Mr. Blonde".

With the help of Elvis, Joanna prevents the conspiracy by taking a mini-sub to the Cetan ship and causing the weapon to self-destruct. DataDyne and the Skedar launch a retaliatory strike on the Carrington Institute, capturing Joanna. Elvis rescues her from a Skedar assault ship. Joanna then helps the Maians launch a counter-attack, destroying the Skedar's "Battle Shrine" and eliminating their High Priest, thereby issuing Skedar morale a crippling blow.

Gameplay

Screenshot from the first level of Perfect Dark.

Perfect Dark features many elements that are typical of a first-person shooter game, including a range of weapons to collect, enemies to defeat and distinct environments to explore. It is frequently described as a "spiritual sequel" to Rare's earlier first-person shooter GoldenEye 007, released in 1997. Although Perfect Dark is not set in the James Bond universe, the gameplay is extremely similar and it retains many of its predecessor's features, such as the ability to use stealth to tackle missions, and objectives that vary with the difficulty setting.

The weapons of Perfect Dark include handguns, rifles, submachine guns, a shotgun, rocket launchers, combat knives, grenade launchers, various explosives, and several fictitious extraterrestrial weapons. Almost all of the weapons in the game have two modes of fire: a primary mode in which the weapon is used in a typical fashion, and a secondary mode which tends to use the weapon in a more unconventional manner, such as pistol-whipping or proximity detonation. Players can carry an unlimited number of weapons, and certain guns can be used in duplicate, one in each hand. Unlike in GoldenEye 007, where the guns were simply dipped below vision during reloading, Perfect Dark's weapons all feature unique and visible reload sequences.

Solo mode

Some weapons from GoldenEye 007 are unlockable extras in Perfect Dark. The PP7 pistol from GoldenEye 007 (pictured left) was renamed the PP9i for Perfect Dark (right).

The player can explore the Carrington Institute and take part in a number of tutorials and training activities. The most substantial of these activities is the firing range, in which the player's proficiency with each of the game's weapons is tested against specific targets. Completing these trials unlocks so-called "Classic Weapons", which are renamed versions of weapons from GoldenEye 007.[1]

In Perfect Dark's solo missions, the player controls Joanna through a series of levels collected together into missions. In each level, the player must complete certain objectives and then exit the stage. The requirements are varied, with many levels requiring the recovery and use of numerous high-tech gadgets. If Joanna is killed or fails an objective, the player must start the level again.

There are three distinct difficulty levels in the single-player game: Agent, Special Agent and Perfect Agent. There are a number of differences between the difficulty levels, including the objectives that must be completed, the amount of ammunition available, and enemy accuracy and damage. On higher difficulties, the optional "auto-aiming", in which the game corrects slight aiming errors automatically, becomes less effective and bonus items such as protective shields are absent. Once the game has been completed on one difficulty level, the levels can be tackled in any order on the other difficulties (apart from the final mission of the main story arc, which can only be played at a given difficulty after all other missions have been beaten on that difficulty). If all the levels are completed on Perfect Agent difficulty, an additional setting becomes available; titled Perfect Dark, this mode allows the player to customise various aspects of enemies, such as their health, their aiming accuracy and the damage they inflict.[2]

Four bonus missions may be unlocked by the player. One, "The Duel", is a holographic training simulation against three opponents, and is unlocked by completing all of the entry-level weapon challenges in the firing range. The other three bonus missions are unlocked by completing the game on each of the three standard difficulties, and allow the player to control other characters — Elvis, Mr. Blonde and a Maian warrior — in scenarios parallel to the main narrative.[3] The gameplay is essentially unchanged, with objectives to accomplish and enemies to battle, but these characters do have some special characteristics, such as Mr. Blonde's cloaking device.[4]

Additionally, the player can unlock cheats by beating the levels within certain time limits. Some cheats, such as "All Weapons", can alternatively be unlocked by using the Perfect Dark Game Boy Color game and Transfer Pak. The cheats range from "Perfect Darkness", which makes the level pitch dark but gives the player a pair of night vision goggles, to more traditional extras such as Infinite Ammo.[5]

The game includes a co-operative mode in which two players, or one player and up to three computer-controlled players, tackle the missions together. If two humans play, the game uses a split screen display, with the option to split horizontally or vertically. Only one human player is required to survive the mission, although all the objectives must still be completed. Finally, there is a "Counter Op" mode, in which one player plays the missions as Joanna while the other takes over the role of an enemy — including their weaponry and low health — and attempts to stop her. The Counter Op player takes control of another enemy if they are killed, and cannot cause the mission to fail directly by, for example, killing Joanna's allies before she meets them.[6]

The solo player areas feature numerous easter eggs and strange objects, areas and glitches to fuel the exploration efforts and wild speculation of many gamers. Rare staff have admitted that some of the oddities in the game were put there "for a laugh", and that the constant barrage of questioning emails they got were sometimes "a free source of amusement".[7] Perhaps the most famous curiosity is the piece of cheese hidden on every level.[8] These were intended to be collectable items, although the purpose of collecting them has never been revealed. This idea was scrapped, but the cheese remained.[9]

The face of celebrity Nintendo fan Robin Williams was used for Daniel Carrington. The face of Shigeru Miyamoto along with faces of other Nintendo executives and games journalists can be seen on minor characters such as enemy guards in the solo game and as selectable avatars in the multiplayer mode.[10]

Multiplayer

The Combat Simulator is Perfect Dark's multiplayer mode. A game can be played with up to four human players and eight computer-controlled players. Again a split-screen is used if more than one human is playing. If three or four humans play, the screen is divided into quarters, with one quarter left blank if necessary.[6]

Players enter the game unarmed and with a certain amount of health. Weapons and ammunition are scattered around the level in preset positions. Once a player is killed, they are regenerated elsewhere in the level, once again unarmed. The overall objective of the game is determined by the scenario being played, of which there are six:[11]

  • Combat — The traditional deathmatch mode. This can be played in teams.
  • Capture the CasePerfect Dark's equivalent of Capture the Flag.
  • Hold the Briefcase — Players must take a briefcase and survive with it for as long as possible. One point is received for every set number of seconds the case is held. If the player with the briefcase is killed, they drop the briefcase and it can be picked up by anyone else.
  • King of the Hill — One area in the level is "the hill". Points are awarded for locating this region and staying there for a set number of seconds. Having been "captured" in this way, the hill moves to a new location, or if a certain game setting was set, the hill remains in the same spot while the timer resets.
  • Hacker Central — Players must locate a data uplink and use it to hack a computer system; both items are randomly placed in the level. The data uplink is moved to a new location when the player carrying it is killed. When hacking the computer system, the player cannot use weapons, and cannot move from the terminal without breaking the link.
  • Pop a Cap — Similar to "Assassination" type multiplayer games. One player is labeled as the target, and the other players go after him. If the target kills his hunters, he receives a point bonus. If the hunters kill the target, they receive a point, but they then become the targeted player. The term "pop a cap" is used in this game in reference to the slang term, which means to fire a gun.

Aspects of each game can be customised, such as the chosen arena, the weapons available, and the winning conditions. Players can be grouped into teams or compete individually. In a team game, the players can optionally be shown coloured according to their team. Each game can be customised to a greater degree than was possible in GoldenEye 007's widely acclaimed multiplayer mode. For example, the earlier game only allowed players to specify a pre-set class of weapons, such as "Automatics", but in Perfect Dark, players can individually select the weapons to be included and where each should be located. Shields may be placed in any of the weapon slots or omitted entirely; GoldenEye 007's body armour was fixed in one position for each level.[6]

Computer controlled bots, called "Simulants", can be included in the multiplayer game. The appearance, team affiliation, skill level and playing characteristics of each Simulant can be individually customised. For example, the VengeSim always pursues the player that killed it last, the FistSim will not fire guns but will attack with punches and thrown weapons, while the PeaceSim does not fight at all but merely tries to disarm the other players. Simulants can perform super-human feats on the highest difficulty settings, such as moving faster than the player can.[12] During team matches, a human player can issue specific orders to the Simulants on their team, such as "Defend the Base".[6]

The Combat Simulator includes thirty "Challenges", pre-set games against Simulants which may be tackled by one or more players. The Challenges cover a variety of game types, weapon arrangements and level setups. As a player completes them, additional features — including new weapons, player models and bot difficulties — are unlocked in the Combat Simulator.[13]

At the end of the match, the overall results are shown, alongside information about the individual players' performance. Color-coded "medals" are awarded to the winners in several categories: Accuracy, Head Shots, KillMaster (for achieving the most kills) and Survivor (for suffering the fewest deaths). The game also acknowledges, often humorously, other aspects of performance by awarding messages such as "Best Protected" (for people who frequently use body armour) and "Mostly Harmless" (for particularly ineffective players).

Players can keep track of their performance by creating and saving multiplayer profiles. Each profile contains a ranking, ranging from "Beginner: 21" to "Perfect: 1", which is determined based on the accumulation of certain statistics such as number of kills, time played and ammunition used. The number of medals earned is also counted. (See Combat Simulator milestones.) A player achieving the rank of "Perfect: 1" is given the message "Username: Entropic Decay, Password: Zero-Tau." Rare had originally intended these details to allow access to password-protected parts of the official Perfect Dark website, but these sections were never implemented.[14]

Multiplayer profiles also allow players to customise their in-game appearance by selecting the head and body of any of the game's character models (excluding the Skedar), as well as several which do not appear in the single-player mode. A feature called "Perfect Head", which appeared in previews of the game but was not included in the final product, was intended to take player customisation further. This feature allowed the player to place a photograph of their choice onto their in-game character's face, via a Game Boy Camera combined with the Nintendo 64 Transfer Pak. The images taken would be uploaded to the cartridge and manipulated with a simple image editing program to adjust color and skin tone (as the Game Boy Camera was black and white) and add facial features such as facial hair. This texture could then be saved to either the cartridge or a Controller Pak and then loaded onto a player's character in multiplayer, thus creating a virtual representation of the player. Officially Rare said the feature was dropped due to "technical issues", but it is likely the real reason for the feature's removal was due to "sensitive issues" surrounding the ability to attack images of real people.[15][16][17] While Rare stated the feature was completely removed from the game code, hackers using a GameShark eventually found text references to the feature such as the menu and related messages. However, no code other than this remains.[18]

Development

While the localized title of Red and Black was ultimately dropped, Japanese advertisements and box art for Perfect Dark still kept its dual color theme. Also evident in this ad is that Perfect Dark could be bought bundled with an Expansion Pak in Japan; such a bundle was not made available in the American release.

Martin Hollis, the director of GoldenEye 007 and Perfect Dark, described the development of the game in an interview with Retro Gamer magazine.[19] He explained that Rare rejected the prospect of working on the GoldenEye sequel Tomorrow Never Dies "without hesitation", as the development team felt they had spent too much time immersed in the James Bond universe. The decision to make the central character a woman was part of Hollis' belief that there "should be more games centred on women". To this end, the team created Joanna Dark, influenced by a number of other fictional heroines: Kim Kimberly from Level 9 Computing's text adventure Snowball, the seductive spy Agent X-27 in the 1930s film Dishonored,[20] the eponymous femme fatale of the film Nikita,[21] and FBI agent Dana Scully from television series The X-Files. The name "Joanna Dark" was taken from the French pronunciation of Joan of Arc as "Jeanne d'Arc".

Ghost in the Shell was a major influence on the character, setting and plot. The name of the in-game company "dataDyne" was inspired by Yoyodyne from The Crying of Lot 49 by Thomas Pynchon. Another significant influence on the game's locations was the work of author Philip K. Dick. Hollis explained that he and designer David Doak "picked a range of locations we thought would be impressive and architectural, on the model of GoldenEye but sci-fi dystopias.… The settings came first; the plot was then constructed by Dave to sew them together". The word "Dark" was chosen for its association with the game's bleak focus on killing. Hollis has noted the similarities to Criterion Software's naming of Black: "Game developers just like black, nihilism, dystopian futures, the number zero, infinity, spheres, perfection—all that kind of stuff." The "double slash" symbol in the game's logo was inspired by the Japanese dakuten mark.

At one time Nintendo of Japan considered releasing the game there under the title Aka to Kuro (赤と黒?, lit. "Red and Black"). "Perfect Dark" does not translate well into Japanese, and the title "Aka to Kuro" was considered sufficiently edgy.[22] However, it was eventually released as パーフェクト・ダーク (Pāfekuto Dāku), a transliteration of the Western title.[23]

Originally Hollis hoped that the difference between light and dark would be a significant feature of the gameplay, and the title was intended to reflect this focus. A flashlight was implemented by Steve Ellis (responsible for much of the multiplayer mode in GoldenEye[24]), but it was not included in the final game due to the limitations of the N64 hardware (see Game engine section). Hollis remarked that such aims were overambitious: "Even today, you can see game developers struggle to make light and dark foundational from a gameplay perspective. I suspect it will take a few years before significant and pervasive gameplay innovation occurs here." Although not all these intended features were realised, the game does contain more advanced lighting than GoldenEye; lights can be shot out, gunfire illuminates rooms, and the player can use infra-red and night vision goggles.

Martin Hollis was involved with Perfect Dark for the first fourteen months of its three-year development, during which progress was slow. David Doak left at the end of 1998, and Steve Ellis soon after, to form Free Radical Design. What followed by those remaining on the project was a comprehensive re-design of the game (the story and characters being the main items kept intact). Hollis stated that he was impressed by the comprehensive range of multiplayer options, saying "what a vast array of features I never planned". Doak, however, remarked, "GoldenEye pretty much exhausted the performance of the machine. It was hard to push it further. Perfect Dark had some good ideas but was dog slow."[24]

Game engine

The Perfect Dark engine is a modified version of that of GoldenEye 007, and many of the gameplay features are unchanged.[2] For instance, the manual aiming system, originally inspired by Virtua Cop,[25] is graphically enhanced but essentially the same. Players can crouch, duck and lean but notably there is still no ability to jump. Despite this, it is possible to drop from most ledges, a feature rarely used in GoldenEye. Most weapons have a finite magazine and must be reloaded after a certain number of shots. Interaction with the environment is via a single "Use" command, which opens doors, activates computers and so on. Enemies and players can disarm each other at close range, and the player can use this feature to steal weapons or knock foes unconscious. Like GoldenEye, Perfect Dark uses location-based damage; for example, a shot to the torso causes more damage than a shot to a limb. However, unlike GoldenEye, in the single-player mode a head shot on a guard is instantly fatal on any difficulty level.[6]

The engine includes a number of graphical enhancements, the most conspicuous of which is the option to play in hi-res 640 x 480 graphics.[6] The Nintendo 64 Expansion Pak is needed to access the solo player levels and most of the multiplayer features, although a limited subset of the Combat Simulator options are available without the device (around 35% of the game is playable without an Expansion Pak, as estimated on the game's box and Instruction Booklet).[6] The lighting system was improved so that gunfire and explosions illuminate areas dynamically, and lights can be shot out to create darkened areas. Further progressions from GoldenEye include weapon-specific reloading animations, and more elaborate gore effects which allow gunshots to project enemies' blood onto nearby walls and objects. Another graphical novelty is the "dizziness" effect; if a player is punched, poisoned by a throwing knife or shot with the Tranquilizer gun, their nausea is represented through a motion blurred view. The degree of blurring increases with dizziness, and a badly stunned player may have difficulty seeing anything at all.[26] Both NTSC and PAL N64 systems run the game in full screen, without the "letterboxing" seen in many PAL releases, and there is a 16:9 option for use on widescreen televisions.

The disadvantage of such detailed graphics is that the frame rate inevitably suffers in some areas; this was one of the main criticisms levelled at the game by reviewers (see Reception). The same limitation was present in GoldenEye, but the other graphical enhancements in Perfect Dark serve to exacerbate the problem. In multiplayer, the game must render the scene separately for each player, although at reduced resolution. Nevertheless the frame rate issues arise again, particularly if a large number of Simulants are involved.[27]

Perfect Dark's engine offered audio features that had not been available on the N64 before; for example, it was one of the few games to offer Dolby Surround Sound.[6] Some of the game's audio data was compressed into MP3 format in order to fit into the relatively small storage space afforded by a cartridge,[28] though the music was sequenced. There is full voice-acting for all the dialogue, and the guards can be heard having conversations amongst themselves about the events of the level.[29]

The artificial intelligence of the guards includes the ability to call for help and sound nearby alarms. The guards can be alerted by nearby gunfire, and the various weapons in the game have distinct volumes; for example, guards are less likely to be alerted by silenced pistols than high-powered rifles. Additionally, they are able to throw grenades and, if the player disarms them, draw a secondary weapon. One criticism raised of GoldenEye 007's guards was their weakness at very close range, since their weapons appear to shoot straight through the player. This is resolved in Perfect Dark, whose guards can deliver kicks at close range, inflicting damage and causing dizziness. In GoldenEye, the guards could not see through glass — a feature included deliberately so that the player could spy on foes through windows.[25] This aspect is retained in Perfect Dark, although enemies can now see and shoot over railings. In the later stages of the game, the player encounters Skedar enemies still in reptilian form, and while the Skedar weapons and characteristics are different, their AI is qualitatively the same.[30]

The multiplayer Simulants are considered more advanced, and have the majority of the faculties of a human player. They have the ability to complete multiplayer objectives, such as capturing the briefcase, but they are not able to use some of the weapons, such as remote mines.[6] Simulants make no attempt to avoid simple traps such as proximity mines or sentry guns, even on the highest skill setting.

There are a number of bugs in the game engine. For example, in the first level, a flaw in the level geometry makes it possible to pass through a supposedly solid wall, allowing the level to be completed in just six seconds.[31] Also, as with many older FPSs, players can use a technique called straferunning (or "speed-strafing") to exploit a bug in the engine whereby moving diagonally allows the player to move faster than by running forwards or sideways alone. This technique is almost essential to achieving some of the target times required to unlock cheats.

Release and sales

Rare announced in mid-1998 that their follow-up to GoldenEye would appear at that year's E3 as Nintendo's lead game,[32] and claimed that the game, using the same engine as its predecessor, would be available by Christmas 1998.[10] The release date gradually slipped but the game continued to be heavily trailed in magazines,[33] with Nintendo Official Magazine predicting that it would be "the best shooting game this century".[34] A working version of the game appeared at the European Computer Trade Show 1998; N64 Magazine described the preview as having "the kind of attention to detail that had everyone who saw [it] drooling".[35] Shortly before release, Rare unveiled a number of websites for companies in the game's universe, such as datadyne.com, to promote interest in the game's storyline.[36]

The first release of the game came on May 22, 2000 in North America. Nintendo arranged a number of publicity stunts to promote the release, including hiring model Michele Merkin to do in-store promotions as a real life Joanna Dark.[37] Total sales for the game reached 1.3 million copies in the United States.[38] The European release followed on 30 June, and finally the game was released in Japan on 21 October. The Japanese launch was a success, with the sale of 35,000 copies in the first week,[39] and 77,000 in total. Worldwide, Perfect Dark sold 2.5 million copies.[40]

Xbox Live Arcade

In June 2009 it was announced that Rare was producing a remake of the game for Xbox Live Arcade in the vein of Rez HD that it would not change any aspect of the original gameplay except for improved visuals and Xbox Live multiplayer options.[41]

Perfect Dark was released on Xbox Live Arcade March 17, 2010 for a price of 800 Microsoft Points ($10 USD), with updated graphics and an improved frame rate. The port was handled by 4J Studios.[42] The port also offers local multiplayer for up to four players, weapons from GoldenEye 007 in multiplayer, online multiplayer for up to twelve players (including computer-controlled bots), and a leaderboard system.[43]

Reception

Reviews and awards
Publication Score
Edge 9 of 10[44]
Gaming Age Grade A-[45]
Game Critics 9.0 of 10[46]
Game Revolution Grade A-[47]
GameSpot 9.9 of 10[48]
GameZone 8.5 of 10[49]
IGN 9.8 of 10[50]
N64 Magazine 96%[51]
Review compilations
Game Rankings 95 of 100 (based on 45 reviews)[52]
Metacritic 97% (based on 30 reviews)[53]
Rotten Tomatoes Fresh Rating of 100%[54]
Awards
Bafta Awards Interactive Entertainment
Moving Images Award, 2000[55]
Golden Satellite Awards Best Interactive Product, 2001[56]

Upon release, Perfect Dark received very strong reviews from magazines and websites. IGN opined that the game "features amazing graphics … and the most well-rounded multiplayer mode ever to grace Nintendo 64."[50] GameSpot's Joe Fielder awarded a rating of 9.9 out of 10, commenting, "As a single-player or multiplayer FPS experience, Perfect Dark is unparalleled on the console systems … There's finally a game that has eclipsed [GoldenEye 007]."[48] Gaming Age described it as "probably one of the best FPSs to be released in quite a while."[45] GameCritics.com criticised the "weak characters and an unoriginal storyline," but nevertheless judged the "extraordinary amount of high-quality multiplayer modes and features" meant that "the game is still a blast."[46]

One frequently-criticised aspect of the game was its low, inconsistent framerate. This flaw was mentioned in numerous reviews,[45][47][48][50] and by Trigger Happy author Steven Poole, who noted, "The game's inadequate temporal resolution—owing to a wrongheaded choice to privilege visual detail over frame-rate—made it unplayable at higher difficulty levels."[57] Poole also described the "lazy sci-fi fetishism" of Joanna Dark's character design as "a blatant and doomed attempt to steal the thunder of Lara Croft,"[57] and argued that she illustrated the challenges of injecting characterisation into the protagonists of first-person shooters, which GoldenEye had avoided by using the already well-known character James Bond.[58]

The overall positive reaction from critics can be gauged by the results of review compilation sites; as of December 2009, it has a Metacritic rating of 97%[53] (the sixth highest of any game)[59] and a Game Rankings ratio of 95%.[52]

Perfect Dark has been featured in many "greatest game" lists. In 2006, the game placed 15th on IGN's "Readers Choice Top 100 Games Ever" list;[60] also that year it was rated the 100th best game made on a Nintendo System in Nintendo Power.[61] In 2007 it placed 28th in Edge's "100 Best Videogames" special issue (a list voted for by readers, Edge staff and gaming industry professionals).[62]

Rare was also recognized for its work on the game, as the company was awarded the Bafta Interactive Entertainment Moving Images Award for 2000[55] and the Golden Satellite Award for Best Interactive Product in 2001.

XBLA version

GameZone's Steven Hopper recently reviewed the Xbox Live version, giving it an 8.5 out of 10, saying "Perfect Dark isn't a huge overhaul like other remakes on XBLA, but is still a solid and engaging title. FPS fans who missed out on the original would do well to check out this groundbreaking title, and hardcore fans should experience the game with the technical improvements."[63]

IGN's Daemon Hatfield gave it a 9.0 out of 10, saying that while the "not-so-hot parts are the dialogue, voice acting, and some vague mission objectives that can be frustrating", the game "wasn't brought back for the uninitiated -- this is for the fans, and they will be very, very happy" and that it is "even closer to perfection than the original was."[64]

Legacy

Another game also titled Perfect Dark was released for the Game Boy Color in September 2000, shortly after the Nintendo 64 game. The storyline of the game was considerably different from the Nintendo 64 incarnation's, as it follows Joanna's attempts to shut down an illegal cyborg manufacturer. While the game uses an overhead rather than first-person view, it has a number of advanced features for a portable game. For example, the game's cutscenes feature sampled speech and a "rumble" facility (akin to the N64's Rumble Pak) is built into the cartridge.[65]

Perfect Dark was the last major first-person shooter game for the Nintendo 64, which was already nearing the end of its lifespan; Nintendo unveiled their new console, the GameCube, at SpaceWorld 2000. The game was also the last appearance of the GoldenEye 007/Perfect Dark engine. Twenty months before Perfect Dark was released, some of the development team left Rare to form Free Radical Design. This company went on to develop the PlayStation 2 game TimeSplitters, another first-person shooter based around a completely new engine. TimeSplitters and its sequels bear many gameplay and presentational similarities to GoldenEye and Perfect Dark, including a similar manual aiming system, missions with structured objectives, cheat options unlockable through quick level completions, and the earning of multiplayer awards.

Meanwhile Rare began development of a prequel titled Perfect Dark Zero for the Nintendo GameCube, but the company was purchased from Nintendo by Microsoft in 2002.[66] Soon after, it was announced that Perfect Dark Zero would in fact be an Xbox title. Later it was decided instead to release it for the Xbox 360, and it became a launch title for that system. This game retains Perfect Dark's first-person perspective and mission objective system, although other features were not carried over. Joanna Dark remains the lead character. The game's multiplayer mode allows many more computer players, thanks to the more advanced Xbox 360 hardware, and can also be played online, which was not possible with the Nintendo 64.[67] In some quarters the game has been criticised for not having advanced enough from Perfect Dark; IGN complained "the enemies behave much like they did on the N64".[68]

Perfect Dark worldwide sales were not as great as its predecessor's eight million[69] and Joanna Dark did not attain the same status in pop culture as other video game heroines such as Tomb Raider's Lara Croft. However, the game's universe continues to be developed with the release of the novel Perfect Dark: Initial Vector, a Rare-sanctioned paperback by Greg Rucka.[70] The novel is set in the time between Perfect Dark Zero and Perfect Dark, and portrays Joanna Dark as an ex-bounty hunter drawn in to the Carrington Institute's battle with dataDyne through her own vendetta against the weapons corporation.[71] Rucka stated, "If you’ve played the first game, you’re going to get a huge treat, because a lot of stuff that happens in Perfect Dark we set up in the novel." He also revealed that at least two more books are planned and, asked if he intends to write them himself, replied "I’m going to do everything I can to make sure that I’ve got the room on my schedule."[72] The other two titles were eventually developed: the comic series Perfect Dark: Janus' Tears and the 2nd novel: Perfect Dark: Second Front, both of which are direct chronological sequels.

References

  1. ^ detStar guide to the firing range. Retrieved on 11 June 2006
  2. ^ a b IGN review of Perfect Dark, "Features" section. Retrieved June 11, 2006.
  3. ^ Cheats Codes Guides.com on the bonus missions.
  4. ^ detStar guide to the level "Mr Blonde's Revenge". Retrieved June 11, 2006.
  5. ^ IGN on Perfect Dark cheats.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i Perfect Dark manual. Published by Rareware, 2000.
  7. ^ "Yamo's Lair". Archived from the original on 12 May 2006. http://web.archive.org/web/20060512144340/http://www.yamoslair.com/pdrare.html.  on Rare's reason for game's easter eggs. Retrieved April 7, 2006.
  8. ^ detStar on the pieces of cheese.
  9. ^ GameSpy on the original purpose of hidden cheese. Retrieved March 3, 2007.
  10. ^ a b N64 Magazine (UK), Issue 31, August 1999.
  11. ^ detStar on the Combat Simulator scenarios. Retrieved June 11, 2006.
  12. ^ detStar on the Combat Simulator Simulants. Retrieved June 11, 2006.
  13. ^ "Combat Simulator Challenge Earnings". Archived from the original on 9 December 2006. http://web.archive.org/web/20061209134830/http://perfectdark.detstar.com/challenges/earnings.asp. 
  14. ^ Rare's official response to Perfect Dark rumours. Retrieved December 11, 2005.
  15. ^ IGN64.com on the features and implementation of Perfect Head. Retrieved March 3, 2007.
  16. ^ IGN64.com on the removal of Perfect Head. Retrieved March 3, 2007.
  17. ^ Computer And Video Games on the removal of Perfect Head. Retrieved April 7, 2006.
  18. ^ Yamoslair.com GameShark codes needed to view remanants of "Perfect Head" code. Retrieved March 3, 2007.
  19. ^ "The Legacy of Perfect Dark: Martin Hollis Q&A" "Retro Gamer". Archived from the original on 13 August 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20070813232203/http://www.retrogamer.net/flashindex.html.  issue 19 (January 2006), p. 79. ISSN 1742-3155
  20. ^ IMDB on Dishonored and Agent X-27. Retrieved April 8, 2006.
  21. ^ IMDB on Nikita. Retrieved April 8, 2006.
  22. ^ IGN on the original Japanese title, Red and Black. Retrieved April 7, 2006.
  23. ^ "Perfect Dark Returns". Gamespot on the decision to release as Perfect Dark in Japan. Retrieved April 7, 2006.
  24. ^ a b "Desert Island Disks: David Doak." "Retro Gamer". Archived from the original on 22 September 2005. http://web.archive.org/web/20050922002103/http://www.livepublishing.co.uk/retro/.  "issue 6". Archived from the original on 27 February 2006. http://web.archive.org/web/20060227223119/http://www.livepublishing.co.uk/retro/retro6.shtml. (July 2004), pp. 41–45. ISSN 1742-3155
  25. ^ a b Hollis, Martin (2004). "The Making of GoldenEye 007". Retrieved March 29, 2006.
  26. ^ IGN review of Perfect Dark multiplayer. Retrieved June 11, 2006.
  27. ^ Gaming Age's review, paragraph 5. Retrieved June 11, 2006.
  28. ^ Perfect Dark title screen.
  29. ^ detStar on the guards' private conversations. Retrieved April 7, 2006.
  30. ^ Gamespot review, paragraph 5. Retrieved June 11, 2006.
  31. ^ "Defection A For Dummies", a guide to completing the first level in six seconds. Retrieved April 7, 2006. A video of the achievement is available.
  32. ^ N64 Magazine (UK), Issue 24, June 1998.
  33. ^ N64 Magazine (UK), Issue 22, December 1998.
  34. ^ Nintendo Official Magazine, Issue 82, July 1999.
  35. ^ N64 Magazine (UK), Issue 21, November 1998.
  36. ^ Internet Archive entry for dataDyne.com. Retrieved April 7, 2006.
  37. ^ IGN on the in-store promotions. Retrieved April 7, 2006.
  38. ^ "N64 sales chart". Archived from the original on 7 October 2003. http://web.archive.org/web/20031007235940/http://www5e.biglobe.ne.jp/~hokora/english/n64chart.html.  (via archive.org). Retrieved April 2, 2006.
  39. ^ n-sider.com on Japanese sales. Retrieved April 2, 2006.
  40. ^ GameFAQs.com on worldwide sales of Perfect Dark. Retrieved June 9, 2007.
  41. ^ Kotaku article on the announcement of the Perfect Dark remake. Retrieved July 22, 2009.
  42. ^ http://www.joystiq.com/2009/06/02/confirmed-perfect-dark-bound-for-xbla-this-winter/
  43. ^ Xbox.com on Perfect Dark. Retrieved June 14, 2009.
  44. ^ Edge review of Perfect Dark. Retrieved June 10, 2006.
  45. ^ a b c Gaming Age's review of Perfect Dark. Retrieved April 9, 2006.
  46. ^ a b GameCritics.com's review of Perfect Dark. Retrieved April 9, 2006.
  47. ^ a b GameRevolution.com's review of Perfect Dark. Retrieved April 9, 2006.
  48. ^ a b c Joe Fielder (23 May 2000). "Perfect Dark Review". GameSpot. http://www.gamespot.com/n64/action/perfectdark/review.html. Retrieved 29 December 2008. 
  49. ^ http://xbox360.gamezone.com/gzreviews/r16567.htm
  50. ^ a b c Casamassina, Matt (19 May 2000). "Perfect Dark Review". IGN. http://ign64.ign.com/articles/153/153906p1.html. Retrieved 29 December 2008. 
  51. ^ N64 Magazine (UK), Issue 41, May 2000.
  52. ^ a b GameRankings.com page for Perfect Dark. Retrieved July 29, 2007.
  53. ^ a b Metacritic on Perfect Dark. Retrieved April 9, 2006.
  54. ^ Rotten Tomatoespage for Perfect Dark. Retrieved April 7, 2006.
  55. ^ a b "Rare company awards". Archived from the original on 11 May 2006. http://web.archive.org/web/20060511023434/http://www.rareware.com/company/awards/awards_content.html.  list of awards. Retrieved 29 December 2008.
  56. ^ IMDB on Perfect Dark's awards. Retrieved April 7, 2006.
  57. ^ a b Poole, Steven (2000). Trigger Happy: The Inner Life of Videogames. London: Fourth Estate. p. 254. ISBN 1-84115-121-1. 
  58. ^ Poole, Steven (August 2000). "Edge 88: Joanna Dark and character". http://stevenpoole.net/trigger-happy/edge-88/. Retrieved 30 December 2008.  Originally published as "Characterisation: Designing a believable virtual skin" in Edge issue 88.
  59. ^ Metacritic search of all games, sorted by metascore. Retrieved 28 December 2008.
  60. ^ IGN Readers' Choice 2006 – The Top 100 Games Ever. Retrieved July 11, 2007.
  61. ^ "NP Top 200", Nintendo Power 200: 58–66, February 2006 
  62. ^ Edge Presents The 100 Best Videogames, July 2007. pp. 150. Future Publishing. Online summary available at Edge Online: Edge's Top 100 Games of All Time. Retrieved 28 December 2008.
  63. ^ http://xbox360.gamezone.com/gzreviews/r16567.htm
  64. ^ http://xboxlive.ign.com/articles/107/1077981p1.html
  65. ^ IGN on Perfect Dark for Game Boy Color. Retrieved April 8, 2006.
  66. ^ Microsoft press release on the purchase of Rare. Retrieved April 8, 2006.
  67. ^ Gamespot's review of Perfect Dark Zero. Retrieved April 8, 2006.
  68. ^ IGN review of Perfect Dark Zero. Retrieved April 8, 2006.
  69. ^ "Microsoft Acquires Video Game Powerhouse Rare Ltd.". Archived from the original on 11 May 2006. http://web.archive.org/web/20060511025608/http://www.rareware.com/company/press/press_acquisition.html.  Rare press release noting GoldenEye's worldwide sales. Retrieved 29 December 2008.
  70. ^ Amazon.com page for Perfect Dark: Initial Vector. Retrieved April 8, 2006.
  71. ^ "Tor Publishing". Archived from the original on 18 June 2006. http://web.archive.org/web/20060618212957/http://www.tor.com/perfectdark/.  on Perfect Dark: Initial Vector. Retrieved April 8, 2006.
  72. ^ "Newsarama.com interview". Archived from the original on 1 March 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20070301202105/http://www.newsarama.com/Merchandise/Games/InitialVectorGreg.htm. with Greg Rucka on Perfect Dark: Initial Vector. Retrieved April 13, 2006.

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Strategy wiki

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From StrategyWiki, the free strategy guide and walkthrough wiki

Perfect Dark
Box artwork for Perfect Dark.
Developer(s) Rare
Publisher(s) Rare
Engine Enhanced GoldenEye 007
Release date(s)
Genre(s) FPS
System(s) Nintendo 64, Xbox Live Arcade
Players 1-4, 8 bots max.
Mode(s) Single player, Multiplayer
Rating(s)
ESRB: Mature
BBFC: 18
OFLC: File:OFLC MA.svg
Media 256Mb cartridge
System requirements (help) Expansion Pak for full features. Rumble Pak optional.
Followed by Perfect Dark Zero
Series Perfect Dark
This is the first game in the Perfect Dark series. For other games in the series see the Perfect Dark category.
For the Game Boy Color game, see Perfect Dark (Game Boy Color).

Perfect Dark is a first-person shooter video game for the Nintendo 64 game console. The game was developed by Rare, creators of the multimillion-selling GoldenEye 007, an earlier first-person shooter with which Perfect Dark shares many gameplay features. The game was first released in Canada and the United States in May 2000, where it was greeted with critical acclaim; PAL and NTSC-J releases followed soon afterwards.

The game features a single-player mode consisting of seventeen missions in which the player assumes the role of special agent Joanna Dark, an operative for the fictional Carrington Institute, as she attempts to foil a conspiracy by rival corporation dataDyne. It also includes a range of multiplayer options, including co-operative and "counter-operative" modes in addition to traditional deathmatch settings. Technically, it is one of the most advanced games developed for the N64, with optional high-resolution graphics and Dolby Surround Sound.

Gameplay

Perfect Dark features many elements that are typical of a first-person shooter game, including a range of weapons to collect, enemies to defeat and distinct environments to explore. It is frequently described as a "spiritual sequel" to Rare's earlier first-person shooter GoldenEye 007, released in 1997. In fact, Perfect Dark was originally intended to be a true sequel to Goldeneye; however, Rare opted not to re-license the James Bond trademarks as the game neared completion. As a result, the gameplay is extremely similar and it retains many of its predecessor's features, such as the ability to use stealth to tackle missions, and objectives that vary with the difficulty setting.

The weapons of Perfect Dark include handguns, rifles, submachine guns, a shotgun, rocket launchers, combat knives, grenade launchers, various explosives, and several fictitious extraterrestrial weapons. Almost all of the weapons in the game have two modes of fire; a primary mode in which the weapon is used in a typical fashion, and a secondary mode which tends to use the weapon in a more unconventional manner, such as pistol-whipping or proximity detonation. Players can carry an unlimited number of weapons, and certain guns can be used in duplicate, one in each hand.

Table of Contents

Getting Started
Appendices
  • Achievements
Walkthrough
  1. dataDyne central - Defection
  2. dataDyne research - Investigation
  3. dataDyne central - Extraction
  4. Carrington villa - Hostage one
  5. Chicago
  6. G5 Building - Reconnaissance
  7. Area 51 - Infiltration
  8. Area 51 - Rescue
  9. Area 51 - Escape
  10. Air base - Espionage
  11. Air force one - Anti terrorism
  12. Crash site - Confrontation
  1. Pelagic II - Exploration
  2. Deep sea - Nullify threat
  3. Carrington institute: Defense
  4. Attack ship - Covert assault
  5. Skedar ruins - Battle shrine
Bonus missions
  1. Mr. Blonde's revenge
  2. Maian SOS
  3. WAR!
  4. The duel

Gaming

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Wikia Gaming, your source for walkthroughs, games, guides, and more!

Perfect Dark

Developer(s) Rare
Publisher(s) Nintendo
Release date May 22,2000
Genre First-person shooter
Mode(s) Single player (with expansion pack)
4 player Multiplayer
Age rating(s) ESRB: M
Platform(s) Nintendo 64
Media 32 Megabit Cartridge
Input N64 Controller
System requirements Expansion Pak (for Single Player)
Credits | Soundtrack | Codes | Walkthrough


Perfect Dark is a first-person shooter video game for the Nintendo 64. Developed by Rare and released in 2000, Perfect Dark is seen by many as a spiritual successor to Goldeneye. Set in the future, Perfect Dark features futuristic science fiction weapons and technology. The game stars Joanna Dark, an agent for the Carrington Institute, a research and technology facility that develops weapons and gadgets for military and nonmilitary use. Rival DataDyne HQ is a similar company, but with strong government connections, and seedier practices. The game begins with conflict between Carrington and Datadyne but gradually grows to a global and then galactic scale.

After some time in limbo, a prequel titled Perfect Dark Zero was finally produced by Rare for the Xbox 360, after Nintendo sold its' interest in the developer to Microsoft.

Expansion Pack

In an unusual feature, although the expansion pack is required to play the single-player game and most multiplayer options, it is not required and limited multiplayer functionality is available without the expansion pack. According to the manual, approximately 35% of the game is available to players without the expansion pack, although this number reflects features rather than content.



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Simple English

Perfect Dark is a video game for the Nintendo 64 where Joanna Dark must save the day in a dark world. Also multiplayer mode you can choose bots to try and kill.








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