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An illustration of a desktop computer
.A personal computer (PC) is any general-purpose computer whose size, capabilities, and original sales price make it useful for individuals, and which is intended to be operated directly by an end user, with no intervening computer operator.^ The first personal computer (PC), the Linc.
  • AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3 18 September 2009 9:09 UTC incomphist.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

^ The personal pc reduced the market friction of using computers to do tasks.
  • The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick 13 January 2010 9:09 UTC blogmaverick.com [Source type: General]
  • The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick 18 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.blogmaverick.com [Source type: General]

^ Now whose making generalizations, dumba$$.
  • Longhorn Gets a Name: Windows Vista | Betanews 28 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.betanews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This is in contrast to the batch processing or time-sharing models which allowed large expensive mainframe systems to be used by many people, usually at the same time, or large data processing systems which required a full-time staff to operate efficiently.^ It uses Linux as the underlying operating system.

^ Operating system requirements .

^ The operating system data is isolated from applications.
  • Chapter 5 - Windows NT 4.0 Workstation Architecture 25 January 2010 16:016 UTC technet.microsoft.com [Source type: Reference]

.A personal computer may be a desktop computer, a laptop, tablet PC or a handheld PC (also called palmtop).^ The first personal computer (PC), the Linc.
  • AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3 18 September 2009 9:09 UTC incomphist.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

^ This is called the Desktop and may be personalized with colors and textured appearances.
  • Web by Design: Introduction To Windows 95 2 February 2010 19:019 UTC www.iupui.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Windows Vista™ SideShow is a new technology in Windows Vista™ that supports a secondary screen on mobile PCs, handheld devices – even desktops!
  • msdev: Windows OS Training Courses 28 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.msdev.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The most common microprocessors in personal computers are x86-compatible CPUs.^ Fortune: INTEL'S PLAN FOR STAYING ON TOP The company developed the chips that act as the brains of most personal computers.
  • Personal Computers: News & Videos about Personal Computers - CNN.com 13 January 2010 9:09 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: News]
  • Personal Computers: News & Videos about Personal Computers - CNN.com 18 September 2009 12:012 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: News]

^ Fortune: COMPAQ BIDS FOR PC LEADERSHIP The company that achieved stardom building IBM-compatible personal computers now wants to steal a .
  • Personal Computers: News & Videos about Personal Computers - CNN.com 13 January 2010 9:09 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: News]
  • Personal Computers: News & Videos about Personal Computers - CNN.com 18 September 2009 12:012 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: News]

^ BENJAMIN M. ROSEN, at 52 the boyish eminence grise of personal computing and the field's most prominent venture capitalist, thinks he can do it again.
  • Personal Computers: News & Videos about Personal Computers - CNN.com 13 January 2010 9:09 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: News]
  • Personal Computers: News & Videos about Personal Computers - CNN.com 18 September 2009 12:012 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: News]

.Software applications for personal computers include word processing, spreadsheets, databases, Web browsers and e-mail clients, games, and myriad personal productivity and special-purpose software.^ The problem is web mail applications that cache personal information.
  • Today @ PC World Google Desktop Search: Security Threat? 18 September 2009 9:09 UTC blogs.pcworld.com [Source type: General]

^ I dont think that it will be Google or Sony… Personal Computing is much more than word processing, spreadsheets or presentations… People use a computer for many more tasks that require much from an Operating System… But I agree that most of the stuff can be done online and something like a Web OS can changed the arena of operating system battle… .
  • The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick 13 January 2010 9:09 UTC blogmaverick.com [Source type: General]
  • The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick 18 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.blogmaverick.com [Source type: General]

^ This also includes graphics-based applications since X-server software is standard issue on all UNIX operating systems.
  • Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0 versus UNIX 25 January 2010 16:016 UTC www.lege.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Modern personal computers often have high-speed or dial-up connections to the Internet, allowing access to the World Wide Web and a wide range of other resources.^ A must have for connecting via dial up.
  • SCHAFT MS Windows 9x and NT/XP Files 25 January 2010 16:016 UTC www.schaft.com [Source type: General]

^ Ranging from minor nuisance to major disasters viri are often very clever (some better written than others) self replicating programs.
  • Windows 95 FAQ - How Do I...? 2 February 2010 19:019 UTC www.glencove.com [Source type: General]

^ Some key features for IT professionals include: · Direct Access: This feature enables IT Managers to provide the mobile user with reliable and secure access to the corporate network resources when user is on the Internet, without having to initiate a VPN connection.

.A PC may be used at home, or may be found in an office.^ So, useful only for HomePCs of bachelors who screen-lock/logout the PC whenever out of home.
  • Today @ PC World Google Desktop Search: Security Threat? 18 September 2009 9:09 UTC blogs.pcworld.com [Source type: General]

^ Another remote access feature worth mentioning is the access to your home PC. Using WHS, you can connect to your computer and fully use the installed applications from your remote location.

^ With HDTV-Link, users can connect to their office PC, or other Windows XP based PCs in their home, all from the comfort of their living room, using a wireless keyboard and without installing software or maintaining another PC in their home.
  • The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick 13 January 2010 9:09 UTC blogmaverick.com [Source type: General]
  • The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick 18 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.blogmaverick.com [Source type: General]

.Personal computers can be connected to a local area network (LAN) either by a cable or wirelessly.^ Properties of the components of a local area network (LAN) connection.
  • Deploying Windows XP Part I: Planning 25 January 2010 16:016 UTC technet.microsoft.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Computer and workgroup names, if the computer is connected to the network .

^ You may also have a Local Area Network (LAN) server available to you.
  • Web by Design: Introduction To Windows 95 2 February 2010 19:019 UTC www.iupui.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.While early PC owners usually had to write their own programs to do anything useful with the machines, today's users have access to a wide range of commercial and non-commercial software which is provided in ready-to-run form.^ Free for non-commercial use.
  • Windows Vista RTM Software Compatibility List - IeXwiki 28 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.iexbeta.com [Source type: General]

^ YOUR software as it runs more of its own, so… .
  • Daily Techno-Babble » 4 Reasons Why Windows Vista Is Just Not Worth It 28 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.dailytechnobabble.com [Source type: General]

^ The CD-ROM Drive (usually D:, but sometimes E:) is used in multimedia, such as music, presentations, games, libraries and encyclopedias, installing and/or running software.
  • Web by Design: Introduction To Windows 95 2 February 2010 19:019 UTC www.iupui.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Since the 1980s, Microsoft and Intel have dominated much of the personal computer market with the Wintel platform.^ Indeed Microsoft is now marketing since ms windows error 1603 96 came out ms windows error 1603 editor a program ms windows error 1603 a seemingly intricate world of to this.
  • Ms windows dpi slider wont move — Download OEM Software. 16 September 2009 0:27 UTC solarbus.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Xerox PARC decides that hobby computer companies will never sell many machines, and misses the chance to dominate the fledgling PC market.
  • AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3 18 September 2009 9:09 UTC incomphist.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

^ IBM's failure to capitalize on its dominance of the personal computer in the 1980s was one of the great missed opportunities in the annals of business, and its wrong-headed attempts to reposition i...
  • Personal Computers: News & Videos about Personal Computers - CNN.com 18 September 2009 12:012 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: News]

Contents

History

IBM 5150 as of 1981
.In what was later to be called The Mother of All Demos, SRI researcher Douglas Englebart in 1968 gave a preview of what would become the staples of daily working life in the 21st century - e-mail, hypertext, word processing, video conferencing, and the mouse.^ On all occasions the processing tasks have been fairly low CPU-usage ones: editing a Word-document, playing a DVD movie and so on.
  • MacWindows Report: Boot Camp in Leopard Tips and Reports 17 September 2009 3:57 UTC www.macwindows.com [Source type: General]

^ Ted Nelson, author of Dream Machines and Computer Lib, publishes Literary Machines, the report on Project Xanadu , concerning word processing, electronic publishing, hypertext, thinkertoys.
  • AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3 18 September 2009 9:09 UTC incomphist.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

^ (Microsoft claims to process all e-mail requests "within minutes of receipt."

.The demonstration required technical support staff and a mainframe time-sharing computer resource that were far too costly for business use at the time.^ This layer is visible to the user in the form of dialog boxes that pop up every time you require “administrator” or direct access to system resources, something that seems far too common on the Windows platform.
  • Daily Techno-Babble » 4 Reasons Why Windows Vista Is Just Not Worth It 28 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.dailytechnobabble.com [Source type: General]

^ Irish Partners such as Novosco, Brandon Consulting Ltd, Maxima Ireland and Nitec Solutions have already invested significant time and resources to preparing for Windows 7, demonstrating their support and excitement.

^ All the other firewalls I have used so far either crash, give a BSOD, hog resources or fail leak tests.
  • Windows Vista RTM Software Compatibility List - IeXwiki 28 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.iexbeta.com [Source type: General]

.By the early 1970s, people in academic or research institutions had the opportunity for single-person use of a computer system in interactive mode for extended durations, although these systems would still have been too expensive to be owned by a single person.^ Well tyson, mac may not be user freiendly in your opinion, but it is to most people, unless that is, you are using mac system 7 .
  • Daily Techno-Babble » 4 Reasons Why Windows Vista Is Just Not Worth It 28 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.dailytechnobabble.com [Source type: General]

^ These users tend to use the operating system only to fix problems, for example with a failed internet connection.
  • Windows Shell Tutorial 11 January 2010 6:35 UTC www.horstmann.com [Source type: Reference]

^ New multitouch technology in Windows 7 will enable people with touch-screen monitors to use multiple fingers to interact with their PC screens in a more intuitive way.

The introduction of the microprocessor, a single chip with all the circuitry that formerly occupied large cabinets, led to the proliferation of personal computers after 1975.
.Early personal computers - generally called microcomputers - were sold often in kit form and in limited volumes, and were of interest mostly to hobbyists and technicians.^ Projects backed by the Japanese government promise so-called "fifth generation" computers - machines that can perform logical functions approaching human reasoning by harnessing multiprocessors.
  • AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3 18 September 2009 9:09 UTC incomphist.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

^ Developers slowly rising to Microsoft's Surface Microsoft remains optimistic that the Surface touch screen computer launched last year will generate interest among an increasing number of software developers.
  • Continuing Coverage: Microsoft Windows 7 -- Vista Reloaded 28 January 2010 1:29 UTC www.computerworld.com [Source type: General]

^ The combination of CP/M and S-100 bus computers becomes an early "industry standard" for microcomputers, and is widely used through the late 1970s and into the mid-80s.
  • AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3 18 September 2009 9:09 UTC incomphist.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

.Minimal programming was done with toggle switches to enter instructions, and output was provided by front panel lamps.^ Hit Enter Switch to another program (such as Notepad) and paste ( Ctrl+V ).
  • Windows Shell Tutorial 11 January 2010 6:35 UTC www.horstmann.com [Source type: Reference]

.Practical use required peripherals such as keyboards, computer terminals, disk drives, and printers.^ Computer systems use disk drives to read information from or to store information.
  • Web by Design: Introduction To Windows 95 2 February 2010 19:019 UTC www.iupui.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The names c: and d: are usually used to name hard disk drives in that same computer.
  • Windows Shell Tutorial 11 January 2010 6:35 UTC www.horstmann.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The CD-ROM Drive (usually D:, but sometimes E:) is used in multimedia, such as music, presentations, games, libraries and encyclopedias, installing and/or running software.
  • Web by Design: Introduction To Windows 95 2 February 2010 19:019 UTC www.iupui.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Micral N was the earliest commercial, non-kit "personal" computer based on a microprocessor, the Intel 8008. It was built starting in 1972 and about 90,000 units were sold.^ IBM announces the 32-bit Intel 80386 microprocessor (integrating 275,000 transistors) for its new line of machines.
  • AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3 18 September 2009 9:09 UTC incomphist.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

^ Please review the software support on a computer that is running non-Microsoft hardware virtualization software on the Knowledge Base Articles.

^ Hardware runs better or worse in computers based on the combination of their hardware and the capability of the OS. If one person has a top range graphics card running on an Alienware P4 computer and another has one running on a $1500 (AU) commercial computer, the Alienware is going to run better.
  • Maclive.net:: Windows Vista: First of a Kind Features? 28 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.maclive.net [Source type: General]

.Unlike other hobbyist computers of its day, which were sold as electronics kits, in 1976 Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak sold the Apple I computer circuit board, which was fully prepared and contained about 30 chips.^ Steve Jobs convinces Kentucky Fried Computers to carry his new computer board, the Apple 1.
  • AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3 18 September 2009 9:09 UTC incomphist.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

^ Your savior, Steve Jobs, has sold his soul to one of the Devil's Minions, Intel.
  • Maclive.net:: Windows Vista: First of a Kind Features? 28 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.maclive.net [Source type: General]

^ When Steve Jobs said the iPhone would be open to Web applications he meant applications that worked through the Apple Safari browser, not applications that worked natively as part of the iPhone menu.

.The first complete personal computer was the Commodore PET introduced in January 1977. It was soon followed by the popular Apple II.^ The first personal computer (PC), the Linc.
  • AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3 18 September 2009 9:09 UTC incomphist.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

^ The Apple PC performs the first computer wedding.
  • AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3 18 September 2009 9:09 UTC incomphist.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

^ Jef Raskin writes the first true computer maual for the Apple II. 1978 - The first company sponsored telecommuting program established by Blue Cross/Blue Shield of South Carolina provides employees with personal computers that allow them to key in medical claim forms from home.
  • AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3 18 September 2009 9:09 UTC incomphist.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

.Mass-market pre-assembled computers allowed a wider range of people to use computers, focusing more on software applications and less on development of the processor hardware.^ People are up to their necks in overpriced, hard-to-use hardware and software.
  • AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3 18 September 2009 9:09 UTC incomphist.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

^ Microsoft® continuously improves Windows Vista® by providing ongoing updates while working with software and hardware vendors to deliver application compatibility and device driver improvements.
  • msdev: Windows OS Training Courses 28 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.msdev.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As another commenter noted: the problem isn't Google desktop, it's people using their insecure webmail applications on public machines.
  • Today @ PC World Google Desktop Search: Security Threat? 18 September 2009 9:09 UTC blogs.pcworld.com [Source type: General]

.Through the late 1970s and into the 1980s, computers were developed for household use, with software for personal productivity, programming and games.^ The CD-ROM Drive (usually D:, but sometimes E:) is used in multimedia, such as music, presentations, games, libraries and encyclopedias, installing and/or running software.
  • Web by Design: Introduction To Windows 95 2 February 2010 19:019 UTC www.iupui.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I want to be able to work from home, and use my computer for personal use.
  • The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick 13 January 2010 9:09 UTC blogmaverick.com [Source type: General]
  • The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick 18 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.blogmaverick.com [Source type: General]

^ Torrent websites are notorious for having members who load malicious code into ISO files that can infect users computers and personal files.
  • Microsoft Watch - Windows 7 - Who Leaked Windows 7? 28 January 2010 1:29 UTC www.microsoft-watch.com [Source type: General]

.One such machine, the Commodore 64, totaled 17 million units sold, making it the best-selling single personal computer model of all time[1].^ Yes, there are cheaper Intel machines, but they vary in internal chip sets within a single model (making corporate support extremely difficult and expensive), and are made with cheaper components, and larger form factors.
  • A Different Kind of Personal Computer ~ Chris Pirillo 13 January 2010 9:09 UTC chris.pirillo.com [Source type: General]

^ On a side note; it should also be considered that the service-delivery model with Web-based access to your content (all of it) actually eliminates the need for a personal computer.
  • The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick 13 January 2010 9:09 UTC blogmaverick.com [Source type: General]
  • The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick 18 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.blogmaverick.com [Source type: General]

^ For truly personal or private content, all we need are thumb-drives (like we all have right now) that plug in to every devicewhether computer, phone, PDA, or iPod.
  • The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick 13 January 2010 9:09 UTC blogmaverick.com [Source type: General]
  • The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick 18 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.blogmaverick.com [Source type: General]

.Somewhat larger and more expensive systems (although still low-cost compared with minicomputers and mainframes) were aimed for office and small business use.^ Although I commend your argument's reference to homely financial costs, I must stress the difference between business and home financial costs; a business aims to make money and people wish to save money.
  • Maclive.net:: Windows Vista: First of a Kind Features? 28 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.maclive.net [Source type: General]

^ Since most people now have systems that handle more than 256 colors, the file name to use is Winnt256.bmp.

^ Their systems are so much more expensive than PCs.
  • A Different Kind of Personal Computer ~ Chris Pirillo 13 January 2010 9:09 UTC chris.pirillo.com [Source type: General]

.Workstations are characterized by high-performance processors and graphics displays, with large local disk storage, networking capability, and running under a multitasking operating system.^ It enables the same operating system to run on different platforms with different processors.
  • Chapter 5 - Windows NT 4.0 Workstation Architecture 25 January 2010 16:016 UTC technet.microsoft.com [Source type: Reference]

^ This protects the operating system and improves its performance.
  • Chapter 5 - Windows NT 4.0 Workstation Architecture 25 January 2010 16:016 UTC technet.microsoft.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Apollo Computer and Sun Microsystems close the gap between mini and micro by offering full-featured workstations boasting high-speed CPUs, large amounts of RAM, high resolution displays, large disks, networking, true multitasking, windowing.
  • AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3 18 September 2009 9:09 UTC incomphist.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

.Workstations are still used for tasks such as computer-aided design, drafting and modelling, computation-intensive scientific and engineering calculations, image processing, architectural modelling, and computer graphics for animation and motion picture visual effects.^ Scientific and Computer-aided Design software .
  • Free Downloads Encyclopedia - Softpedia 11 January 2010 6:35 UTC softpedia.com [Source type: General]

^ Tip You can change the base priority class of a process while it is running by using Task Manager and other tools.
  • Chapter 5 - Windows NT 4.0 Workstation Architecture 25 January 2010 16:016 UTC technet.microsoft.com [Source type: Reference]

^ I have not been able to identify any process that is using up all the cycles in the Windows Task Manager.
  • MacWindows Report: Boot Camp in Leopard Tips and Reports 17 September 2009 3:57 UTC www.macwindows.com [Source type: General]

[2]
.Eventually due to the influence of the IBM-PC on the personal computer market, personal computers and home computers lost any technical distinction.^ The first personal computer (PC), the Linc.
  • AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3 18 September 2009 9:09 UTC incomphist.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

^ The personal pc reduced the market friction of using computers to do tasks.
  • The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick 13 January 2010 9:09 UTC blogmaverick.com [Source type: General]
  • The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick 18 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.blogmaverick.com [Source type: General]

^ IBM, Internet Technology, Personal Computing November 14, 2005 12:26 PM .

.Business computers acquired color graphics capability and sound, and home computers and game systems users used the same processors and operating systems as office workers.^ Users of a computer system have the same expectation.
  • Performance Tuning Windows NT 25 January 2010 16:016 UTC www2.slac.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It uses Linux as the underlying operating system.

^ I use most of them on my home systems.
  • SCHAFT MS Windows 9x and NT/XP Files 25 January 2010 16:016 UTC www.schaft.com [Source type: General]

.Mass-market computers had graphics capabilities and memory comparable to dedicated workstations of a few years before.^ So while we discuss the need for higher bandwidth, more memory, better looking graphics, and any other adjective or notation we can make to our existing computing capabilities, perhaps the best idea hasn’t been thought of yet.
  • The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick 13 January 2010 9:09 UTC blogmaverick.com [Source type: General]
  • The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick 18 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.blogmaverick.com [Source type: General]

^ I would say that it took Mac Os many years before being able to threaten Microsofts dominance in the Os market (i guess Os X).
  • A Different Kind of Personal Computer ~ Chris Pirillo 13 January 2010 9:09 UTC chris.pirillo.com [Source type: General]

^ The computer checks ROM (Read Only Memory) to perform a few self-tests, then starts the operating system (OS).
  • Web by Design: Introduction To Windows 95 2 February 2010 19:019 UTC www.iupui.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Even local area networking, originally a way to allow business computers to share expensive mass storage and peripherals, became a standard feature of the personal computers used at home.^ I want to be able to work from home, and use my computer for personal use.
  • The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick 13 January 2010 9:09 UTC blogmaverick.com [Source type: General]
  • The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick 18 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.blogmaverick.com [Source type: General]

^ UNIX allows shared network filesystems to be mounted at any point in a directory structure.
  • Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0 versus UNIX 25 January 2010 16:016 UTC www.lege.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ October 15, 2004 7:11 PM PT Stupid people should not be allowed to use computers.
  • Today @ PC World Google Desktop Search: Security Threat? 18 September 2009 9:09 UTC blogs.pcworld.com [Source type: General]

Market and sales

Personal computers worldwide in million distinguished by developed and developing world
.In 2001 125 million personal computers were shipped in comparison to 48 thousand in 1977. More than 500 million personal computers were in use in 2002 and one billion personal computers had been sold worldwide since mid-1970s until this time.^ What if you have more than one match?

^ By mid-2003 the number is more than 250 million.
  • AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3 18 September 2009 9:09 UTC incomphist.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

^ Google Desktop Search is not intended to be used on computers that are shared with more than one person, she says.
  • Today @ PC World Google Desktop Search: Security Threat? 18 September 2009 9:09 UTC blogs.pcworld.com [Source type: General]

.Of the latter figure, 75 percent were professional or work related, while the rest sold for personal or home use.^ I want to be able to work from home, and use my computer for personal use.
  • The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick 13 January 2010 9:09 UTC blogmaverick.com [Source type: General]
  • The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick 18 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.blogmaverick.com [Source type: General]

^ By johnnieboy on November 12, 2006 at 9:00 AM I use Mac at home, Windows at work.
  • Maclive.net:: Windows Vista: First of a Kind Features? 28 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.maclive.net [Source type: General]

^ I don’t use linux at home cause I don’t want to look for a million packages before I can see a movie but I use linux at work cause nothing like a linux server.
  • Daily Techno-Babble » 4 Reasons Why Windows Vista Is Just Not Worth It 28 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.dailytechnobabble.com [Source type: General]

.About 81.5 percent of personal computers shipped had been desktop computers, 16.4 percent laptops and 2.1 percent servers.^ Personal Computing December 12, 2003 03:16 PM .

^ Personal Computing January 16, 2007 10:43 AM .

^ The iMac is a consumer oriented desktop, and 99% of people would not want about a gig of space wasted on… a computer language?
  • The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick 13 January 2010 9:09 UTC blogmaverick.com [Source type: General]
  • The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick 18 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.blogmaverick.com [Source type: General]

United States had received 38.8 percent (394 million) of the computers shipped, Europe 25 percent and 11.7 percent had gone to Asia-Pacific region, the fastest-growing market as of 2002. The second billion was expected to be sold by 2008.[3] Almost half of all the households in Western Europe had a personal computer and a computer could be found in 40 percent of homes in United Kingdom, compared with only 13 percent in 1985.[4]
.The global personal computer shipments were 264 million units in the year 2007, according to iSuppli[5], up 11.2 percent from 239 million in 2006.^ Personal Computing December 15, 2002 11:23 AM .

^ Personal Computing December 18, 2006 09:40 AM .

^ Personal Computing January 16, 2007 10:43 AM .

[6]. .In year 2004, the global shipments was 183 million units, 11.6 percent increase over 2003.^ Wall Street Journal article ), Windows Mobile's market share fell to 7.9 percent in the third quarter of 2009, down from 11.1 percent the same quarter last year.
  • ActiveWin.com - The Most Activated Windows Resource 11 January 2010 6:35 UTC www.activewin.com [Source type: General]

[7] In 2003, 152.6 million computers were shipped, at an estimated value of $175 billion.[8] In 2002, 136.7 million PCs were shipped, at an estimated value of $175 billion.[8] .In 2000, 140.2 million personal computers were shipped, at an estimated value of $226 billion.^ The U.S. has an installed base of approximately 25 million personal computers.
  • AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3 18 September 2009 9:09 UTC incomphist.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

^ Approximately 8% of personal computers in use worldwide are second-hand machines [ 44 ], out of a total installed base of 980 million in 2007 [ 45 ].
  • An Evaluation of Personal Health Information Remnants in Second-Hand Personal Computer Disk Drives 13 January 2010 9:09 UTC www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ When Taiwans Acer acquired Gateway for $710 million this week, a milestone was crossed in the world of personal computers, with the writing clearly on the .
  • A Different Kind of Personal Computer ~ Chris Pirillo 13 January 2010 9:09 UTC chris.pirillo.com [Source type: General]

[8] .Worldwide shipments of personal computers surpassed the 100-million mark in 1999, growing to 113.5 million units from 93.3 million units in 1998.^ The U.S. has an installed base of approximately 25 million personal computers.
  • AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3 18 September 2009 9:09 UTC incomphist.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

^ Do they want to affect millions of computers or 4/5 Macs worldwide?
  • Maclive.net:: Windows Vista: First of a Kind Features? 28 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.maclive.net [Source type: General]

^ Approximately 8% of personal computers in use worldwide are second-hand machines [ 44 ], out of a total installed base of 980 million in 2007 [ 45 ].
  • An Evaluation of Personal Health Information Remnants in Second-Hand Personal Computer Disk Drives 13 January 2010 9:09 UTC www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov [Source type: Academic]

[9]. In 1999, Asia had 14.1 million units shipped.[10]
.As of June 2008, the number of personal computers in use worldwide hit one billion, while another billion is expected to be reached by 2014. Mature markets like the United States, Western Europe and Japan accounted for 58 percent of the worldwide installed PCs.^ The first personal computer (PC), the Linc.
  • AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3 18 September 2009 9:09 UTC incomphist.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

^ The personal pc reduced the market friction of using computers to do tasks.
  • The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick 13 January 2010 9:09 UTC blogmaverick.com [Source type: General]
  • The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick 18 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.blogmaverick.com [Source type: General]

^ I installed Win XP Pro SP3 from an OEM disk onto my Asus EEE PC using a USB drive.
  • Roderick van Domburg's Cache » Installing Windows XP from USB 11 January 2010 6:35 UTC www.vandomburg.net [Source type: General]

.The emerging markets were expected to double their installed PCs by 2013 and to take 70 percent of the second billion PCs.^ So to say that gaming consoles will take over from PCs (for the powerful apps) is sorta like saying that the ipod nano 4gb will take over the market from the ipod nano 8gb due to its lower price.
  • The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick 13 January 2010 9:09 UTC blogmaverick.com [Source type: General]
  • The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick 18 September 2009 9:09 UTC www.blogmaverick.com [Source type: General]

^ Sure, if you look just at PC's you would wonder why anyone would try to compete with a monopoly that has 95 percent of the market.

^ Market researcher IDC estimates that the worldwide Linux business will grow 25.9 percent annually, doubling from $20 billion this year to more than $40 billion by 2008.

.About 180 million computers (16 percent of the existing installed base) were expected to be replaced and 35 million to be dumped into landfill in 2008. The whole installed base grew 12 percent annually.^ The U.S. has an installed base of approximately 25 million personal computers.
  • AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3 18 September 2009 9:09 UTC incomphist.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

^ Personal Computing December 12, 2003 03:16 PM .

^ Approximately 8% of personal computers in use worldwide are second-hand machines [ 44 ], out of a total installed base of 980 million in 2007 [ 45 ].
  • An Evaluation of Personal Health Information Remnants in Second-Hand Personal Computer Disk Drives 13 January 2010 9:09 UTC www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov [Source type: Academic]

[11][12]
.In the developed world, there has been a vendor tradition to keep adding functions to maintain high prices of personal computers.^ The French government establishes a World Center for Personal Computing and Human Development to help the Third World take a shortcut into the information age.
  • AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3 18 September 2009 9:09 UTC incomphist.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

^ Maintaining some degree of control over the details behind the formats gives a vendor more flexibility in developing their software and in deciding when and how to offer upgrades.

^ The basic premise of the good professor's essay is that innovation in the personal computer space is dead and that information technology vendors are not stepping up to the major issues of users.

.However, since the introduction of One Laptop per Child foundation and its low-cost XO-1 laptop, the computing industry started to pursue the price too.^ By chris on March 13, 2007 at 12:42 PM ive used windows ever since i started using computers which dates back a long time.
  • Maclive.net:: Windows Vista: First of a Kind Features? 28 January 2010 2:10 UTC www.maclive.net [Source type: General]

^ Fujitsu Siemens Computers presents its basic cost-effective professional PC. The Value Line ESPRIMO Edition - a basic professional PC is aimed towards the price-conscious professional buyer.
  • Computers � from �217 - Pentium 4 Desktop Computer, AMD, Intel Pentium< title>">Computer Fax-Copier</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.hrod-consultancy.com/UK_Personal_Computers_PC_.Dell_Computers.HP_Computers.Dimension_Computers.%20E-Machine_Computers.htm">www.hrod-consultancy.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="411"><a href="#citable__411"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>However, since we've started using more REG files, we have also received complaints about the files not working properly.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows NT</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows_nt.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__679" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="679">Although introduced only one year earlier, there were 14 million <a href="/Netbook" title="Netbook">netbooks</a> sold in 2008.<sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_12" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-12"><span>[</span>13<span>]</span></a></sup> Besides the regular computer manufacturers, companies making especially rugged versions of computers have sprung up, offering alternatives for people operating their machines in extreme weather or environments.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="679"><a href="#citable__679"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>C'mon people, Google is making your life easier, and it is only reminding you that your computer ain't safe.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Today @ PC World Google Desktop Search: Security Threat?</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://blogs.pcworld.com/staffblog/archives/000264.html">blogs.pcworld.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="679"><a href="#citable__679"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Make sure that the client computers are fully operational and the network is running.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Deploying Windows XP Part I: Planning</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb457061.aspx">technet.microsoft.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="679"><a href="#citable__679"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Of course – people have been talking about this for years, but as we all know there is always a “tipping point” were all the talk become “reality” .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">www.blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_13" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-13"><span>[</span>14<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <h4><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Average_selling_price">Average selling price</span></h4> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__571" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="571">For <a href="/Microsoft_Windows" title="Microsoft Windows">Microsoft Windows</a> systems, the <a href="/Average_selling_price" title="Average selling price">average selling price</a> (ASP) showed a decline in 2008/2009, possibly due to low-cost <a href="/Netbook" title="Netbook">netbooks</a>, drawing $569 for <a href="/Desktop_computer" title="Desktop computer">desktop computers</a> and $689 for <a href="/Laptop" title="Laptop">laptops</a> at U.S. retail in August 2008. In 2009, ASP had further fallen to $533 for desktops and to $602 for notebooks by January and to $540 and $560 in February.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="571"><a href="#citable__571"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Due to cost constraints, we could only purchase stand-alone drives rather than fully configured second-hand computers from which the drives could be physically extracted.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>An Evaluation of Personal Health Information Remnants in Second-Hand Personal Computer Disk Drives</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2047285/">www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="571"><a href="#citable__571"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In addition to the implementation of Microsoft Windows Server 2008 and virtualisation, The National Concert Hall have further strengthened their already finely tuned technological Orchestra by implementing a host of Microsoft services and solutions which include; · System Center Essentials and Microsoft System Center Virtual Machine Manager 2008 which manages and monitors both the physical and virtual infrastructure of servers and desktops, all from a single set of tools.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>News from Microsoft Ireland - Windows Live</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 1:29 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://microsoftireland.spaces.live.com/">microsoftireland.spaces.live.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="571"><a href="#citable__571"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Extensibility refers to the modular design of Windows NT, which, as described in the next section, allows Microsoft to add new modules to all levels of the operating system.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Chapter 5 - Windows NT 4.0 Workstation Architecture</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc749980.aspx">technet.microsoft.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_14" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-14"><span>[</span>15<span>]</span></a></sup> According to research firm NPD, average selling price of all Windows portable PCs has fallen from $659 in October 2008 to $519 in October 2009.<sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_15" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-15"><span>[</span>16<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <h2><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Types">Types</span></h2> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Workstation">Workstation</span></h3> <div class="rellink relarticle mainarticle">Main article: <a href="/Workstation" title="Workstation">Workstation</a></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__551" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="551">A workstation is a high-end personal computer designed for technical or scientific applications.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="551"><a href="#citable__551"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Scientific and Computer-aided Design software .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Free Downloads Encyclopedia - Softpedia</c_title></em> <c_date>11 January 2010 6:35 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://softpedia.com/">softpedia.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="551"><a href="#citable__551"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>If anything, I believe Apple underestimated how many developers, in addition to the high-end personal digital assistant users, would take quickly to the iPhone and start building third party applications.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>patrickWeb</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.patrickweb.com/weblog/categories/personal_computing/index.html">www.patrickweb.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="551"><a href="#citable__551"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I believe that this bifurcation of personal/home computing into light and heavy resource consuming applications, will lead to a dramatic change in the technology industry.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">www.blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__646" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="646">Intended primarily to be used by one person at a time, they are commonly connected to a <a href="/Local_area_network" title="Local area network">local area network</a> and run multi-user <a href="/Operating_system" title="Operating system">operating systems</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="646"><a href="#citable__646"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>First is that webapps are most useful when they are connected to the network, preferably a fast one.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>patrickWeb</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.patrickweb.com/weblog/categories/personal_computing/index.html">www.patrickweb.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="646"><a href="#citable__646"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Properties of the components of a local area network (LAN) connection.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Deploying Windows XP Part I: Planning</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb457061.aspx">technet.microsoft.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="646"><a href="#citable__646"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Webapps are most useful when they are connected to the network, preferably a fast one.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>patrickWeb</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.patrickweb.com/weblog/categories/personal_computing/index.html">www.patrickweb.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Desktop_computer">Desktop computer</span></h3> <div class="rellink relarticle mainarticle">Main article: <a href="/Desktop_computer" title="Desktop computer">Desktop computer</a></div> <div class="thumb tright"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/11/2/9/8/7456687807304429.jpg" width="220" height="293" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> <a href="/Dell_OptiPlex" title="Dell OptiPlex">Dell OptiPlex</a> <a href="/Desktop_computer" title="Desktop computer">desktop computer</a></div> </div> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__696" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="696">Prior to the wide spread of PCs a computer that could fit on a <a href="/Desk" title="Desk">desk</a> was considered remarkably small.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="696"><a href="#citable__696"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Let's examine innovation in each of the two categories -- PC as a computer on my desk, and PC as one of many devices connected to the Internet.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>patrickWeb</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.patrickweb.com/weblog/categories/personal_computing/index.html">www.patrickweb.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="696"><a href="#citable__696"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Sol Libes founds what he considers the first PC user's group, the Amateur Computer Group of New Jersey.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://incomphist.blogspot.com/">incomphist.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="696"><a href="#citable__696"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Which games and programs do you use on a PC (widely misused term since in actual fact, Mac's are personal computers) that aren't available on a Mac at present?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Maclive.net:: Windows Vista: First of a Kind Features?</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.maclive.net/sid/134">www.maclive.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__60" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="60">Today the phrase usually indicates a particular style of <a href="/Computer_case" title="Computer case">computer case</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="60"><a href="#citable__60"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I also advise people accordingly, if the don't know shit about computers i usually advise mac's except for the cases where budget is the main word in their vocabulary.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Maclive.net:: Windows Vista: First of a Kind Features?</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.maclive.net/sid/134">www.maclive.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__631" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="631">Desktop computers come in a variety of styles ranging from large vertical <a href="/Tower_case" title="Tower case" class="mw-redirect">tower cases</a> to <a href="/Small_form_factor" title="Small form factor">small form factor</a> models that can be tucked behind an <a href="/LCD_monitor" title="LCD monitor" class="mw-redirect">LCD monitor</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="631"><a href="#citable__631"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Small form factor .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Computers � from �217 - Pentium 4 Desktop Computer, AMD, Intel Pentium< title>"><meta http-equiv="Description Tag " content="<META name="description" content="Supplies Personal Computers, Pentium 4 � from �217.00. Desktop Dual-Core Processors, AMD, AM2, Intel Pentium and Intel Celeron. Customised Computers to any specification. Personal Desktop Computers include ESPRIMO Edition P2510 - A Low-Cost Professional Personal Computer (PC), Fujitsu Siemens ESPRIMO E5710 - P4 541, Fujitsu Siemens ESPRIMO Edition P2511, Micro Tower Desktop Personal Computer, Lenovo 3000 J115 7387 Tower; Fujitsu Siemens ESPRIMO Edition P2411 Tower. Computer Peripherals, Computer Upgrades, Computer Spare Parts">"><meta http-equiv="Key Words Tag " content="<meta name="keywords" content=" Personal Computers, Pentium 4 Computer, Desktop Computer, Dual-Core Processors, AMD Processor, AM2 Processor, Intel Pentium Processor, Intel Celeron Processor, Customised Computers, Personal Desktop Computers, Fujitsu Siemens ESPRIMO Edition P2510, Low-Cost Personal Computer, PC, Fujitsu Siemens ESPRIMO E5710 - P4 541, Fujitsu Siemens ESPRIMO Edition P2511, Micro Tower Desktop Personal Computer, Lenovo 3000 J115 7387 Tower; Fujitsu Siemens ESPRIMO Edition P2411 Tower, Computer Upgrades, Computer Spare Parts">"><meta http-equiv="ALT Tag " content="<borders/top.ht11u.jpg�width=�60�height=�58�alt=� Fujitsu Siemens ESPRIMO Edition P2510 - A Low-Cost Professional Personal Computer (PC), Fujitsu Siemens ESPRIMO E5710 - P4 541, Fujitsu Siemens ESPRIMO Edition P2511, Micro Tower Desktop Personal Computer, Lenovo 3000 J115 7387 Tower; Fujitsu Siemens ESPRIMO Edition P2411 Tower. Personal Computers, Pentium 4 � from �217.00. available in Cairo, Egypt, Dubai, UAE, UK, Ireland, Saudi Arabia, Nigeria, South Africa, Kenya, The countries covered include Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, American Samoa, Andorra, Argentina, Armenia, Aruba, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Barbados, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Hercegovina, Botswana, Brazil, British V.I., Brunei Darussalm, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde Islands, Caribbean Nations, Cayman Islands, Cape Verdi, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China (People's Republic), China-Taiwan, Congo, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Italy, Ivory Coast (La Cote d'Ivoire), Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Khmer Republic (Cambodia/Kampuchea)�>"><meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=windows-1252"><title>Computer Fax-Copier</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.hrod-consultancy.com/UK_Personal_Computers_PC_.Dell_Computers.HP_Computers.Dimension_Computers.%20E-Machine_Computers.htm">www.hrod-consultancy.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="631"><a href="#citable__631"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Together, these components—the Security Reference Monitor component, the Logon Process, and the Security protected subsystems—form the Windows NT security model .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Chapter 5 - Windows NT 4.0 Workstation Architecture</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc749980.aspx">technet.microsoft.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="631"><a href="#citable__631"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>My experience includes running a couple large I/T shops – one with over 262,000 desktop computers worldwide.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> A Different Kind of Personal Computer ~ Chris Pirillo</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://chris.pirillo.com/a-different-kind-of-personal-computer/">chris.pirillo.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__331" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="331">In this sense, the term 'desktop' refers specifically to a horizontally-oriented case, usually intended to have the display screen placed on top to save space on the desk top.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="331"><a href="#citable__331"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>On the Desktop is the Task Bar (a grey bar usually across the bottom of the screen) that indicates open (currently running) applications.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Web by Design: Introduction To Windows 95</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 19:019 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.iupui.edu/~webtrain/tutorials/win_95_intro.html">www.iupui.edu</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="331"><a href="#citable__331"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Apple takes a desktop search bar, sticks it at the top of the screen, claims to invent that first too, and calls it a day.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Maclive.net:: Windows Vista: First of a Kind Features?</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.maclive.net/sid/134">www.maclive.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="331"><a href="#citable__331"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>By default, Windows 95 displays the Task Bar at the bottom of the screen, but you can choose to display it on the left, top, or right side of the screen.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Web by Design: Introduction To Windows 95</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 19:019 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.iupui.edu/~webtrain/tutorials/win_95_intro.html">www.iupui.edu</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__149" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="149">Most modern desktop computers have separate screens and keyboards.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="149"><a href="#citable__149"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>John October 15, 2004 10:26 AM PT Any organization (and most homes) that requires sharing of computers should setup separate accounts on each machine.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Today @ PC World Google Desktop Search: Security Threat?</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://blogs.pcworld.com/staffblog/archives/000264.html">blogs.pcworld.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="149"><a href="#citable__149"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The default option, recommended for most users with desktop computers.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Windows 95 Setup Overview</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 19:019 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc751081.aspx">technet.microsoft.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="149"><a href="#citable__149"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Accessibility utilities such as Magnifier, Narrator, and On-Screen Keyboard also allow users with disabilities to configure and use computers without additional hardware or software.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Deploying Windows XP Part I: Planning</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb457061.aspx">technet.microsoft.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <h4><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Single_unit">Single unit</span></h4> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__355" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="355">Single unit PCs (also known as all-in-one PCs) are a subtype of desktop computers, which combine the monitor and case of the computer within a single unit.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="355"><a href="#citable__355"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>For example, if you open My Computer, then drive C:, then one of the folders, you can quickly close them all by holding down Shift and clicking the last window's close box.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows NT</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows_nt.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="355"><a href="#citable__355"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>You are right that the desktop PC is on the way out as the dominant center for all computing.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">www.blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="355"><a href="#citable__355"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>First, USB replaces all the different kinds of serial and parallel port connectors with one standardized plug and port combination.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>patrickWeb</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.patrickweb.com/weblog/categories/personal_computing/index.html">www.patrickweb.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__133" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="133">The monitor often utilizes a <a href="/Touchscreen" title="Touchscreen">touchscreen</a> as an optional method of user input, however detached keyboards and mice are normally still included.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="133"><a href="#citable__133"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Window Manager (USER), which controls window displays, manages screen output, collects input from keyboard, mouse and other devices, and passes user messages to applications.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Chapter 5 - Windows NT 4.0 Workstation Architecture</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc749980.aspx">technet.microsoft.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="133"><a href="#citable__133"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>However, because the application thread must still run in the Executive, kernel/user mode transitions and thread switches are still required.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Chapter 5 - Windows NT 4.0 Workstation Architecture</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc749980.aspx">technet.microsoft.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> The inner components of the PC are often located directly behind the monitor.</div> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Nettop">Nettop</span></h3> <div class="rellink relarticle mainarticle">Main article: <a href="/Nettop" title="Nettop">Nettop</a></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__670" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="670">A subtype of desktops, called <a href="/Nettop_(computer)" title="Nettop (computer)" class="mw-redirect">nettops</a>, was introduced by <a href="/Intel" title="Intel" class="mw-redirect">Intel</a> in February 2008 to describe low-cost, lean-function, desktop computers.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="670"><a href="#citable__670"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Projects backed by the Japanese government promise so-called "fifth generation" computers - machines that can perform logical functions approaching human reasoning by harnessing multiprocessors.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://incomphist.blogspot.com/">incomphist.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="670"><a href="#citable__670"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The icons that you see on the Desktop (such as My Computer and Network Neighborhood) are called Program Icons.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Web by Design: Introduction To Windows 95</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 19:019 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.iupui.edu/~webtrain/tutorials/win_95_intro.html">www.iupui.edu</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="670"><a href="#citable__670"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>February 18th, 2008 at 12:15 am wrote: I got the USB to boot on the computer that does not have a CD ROM. To the BartPE screen and menus.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Roderick van Domburg's Cache » Installing Windows XP from USB</c_title></em> <c_date>11 January 2010 6:35 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.vandomburg.net/installing-windows-xp-from-usb/">www.vandomburg.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> A similar subtype of laptops (or notebooks) are the <a href="/Netbook" title="Netbook">netbooks</a> (see below). <a name="citable__168" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="168">These feature the new <a href="/Intel_Atom" title="Intel Atom">Intel Atom</a> processor which specially enables them to consume less power and to be built into small enclosures.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="168"><a href="#citable__168"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It’s a great opportunity to expand your services and create new revenue opportunities for their business while enabling their customers to get the most out of their IT expenditures during these difficult times.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>News from Microsoft Ireland - Windows Live</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 1:29 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://microsoftireland.spaces.live.com/">microsoftireland.spaces.live.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="168"><a href="#citable__168"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>These new “features” are mostly extra and updated programs.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Daily Techno-Babble » 4 Reasons Why Windows Vista Is Just Not Worth It</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.dailytechnobabble.com/2006/11/09/4-reasons-why-windows-vista-is-just-not-worth-it/">www.dailytechnobabble.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="168"><a href="#citable__168"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Sure there are many new features implemented into it, but how many of those features do you actually use?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Daily Techno-Babble » 4 Reasons Why Windows Vista Is Just Not Worth It</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.dailytechnobabble.com/2006/11/09/4-reasons-why-windows-vista-is-just-not-worth-it/">www.dailytechnobabble.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Laptop">Laptop</span></h3> <div class="rellink relarticle mainarticle">Main article: <a href="/Laptop" title="Laptop">Laptop</a></div> <div class="thumb tright"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/01/1/5/5/66427492788572071.jpg" width="220" height="165" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> A mid-range <a href="/HP" title="HP" class="mw-redirect">HP</a> Laptop.</div> </div> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__194" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="194">A laptop computer or simply <a href="/Laptop" title="Laptop">laptop</a>, also called a notebook computer or sometimes a notebook, is a small personal computer designed for portability.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="194"><a href="#citable__194"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>A severe critic of personal computer design, Osborne is encouraged to build a machine of his own design, or "shut up!"</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://incomphist.blogspot.com/">incomphist.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="194"><a href="#citable__194"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>They simply don't understand how hungry the public is for personal computing power, and instead focus on The Office of the Future.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://incomphist.blogspot.com/">incomphist.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="194"><a href="#citable__194"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I am not politically liberal but when it comes to the Internet and personal computers I guess I would be called a libertarian.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>patrickWeb</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.patrickweb.com/weblog/categories/personal_computing/index.html">www.patrickweb.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__13" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="13">Usually all of the interface hardware needed to operate the laptop, such as <a href="/Parallel_port" title="Parallel port">parallel</a> and <a href="/Serial_port" title="Serial port">serial ports</a>, graphics card, sound channel, etc., are built in to a single unit.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="13"><a href="#citable__13"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>From the hardware types, select Serial Port.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Special Report: Running Windows on a Mac with Parallels, Reports and Tips</c_title></em> <c_date>17 September 2009 3:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.macwindows.com/parallels.html">www.macwindows.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="13"><a href="#citable__13"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In order to do this, the driver on the host PC performs an operation in the hardware (for example rendering 3D content in a graphics card) that produces a result that’s unique to that device type.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> A Different Kind of Personal Computer ~ Chris Pirillo</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://chris.pirillo.com/a-different-kind-of-personal-computer/">chris.pirillo.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="13"><a href="#citable__13"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Kernel-mode operations are now more vulnerable to failures in the graphic user interface.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Chapter 5 - Windows NT 4.0 Workstation Architecture</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc749980.aspx">technet.microsoft.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__463" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="463">Laptops contain high capacity <a href="/Battery_(electricity)" title="Battery (electricity)">batteries</a> that can power the device for extensive periods of time, enhancing portability.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="463"><a href="#citable__463"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>GRID Systems Corp releases the first battery-powered portable computer.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://incomphist.blogspot.com/">incomphist.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="463"><a href="#citable__463"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Parallels High Speed USB Transfer Cable connects a Mac and PC and includes flash ROM containing Enhanced Parallels Transporter software.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Special Report: Running Windows on a Mac with Parallels, Reports and Tips</c_title></em> <c_date>17 September 2009 3:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.macwindows.com/parallels.html">www.macwindows.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> Once the battery charge is depleted, it will have to be recharged through a power outlet. <a name="citable__342" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="342">In the interest of saving power, weight and space, they usually share RAM with the video channel, slowing their performance compared to an equivalent desktop machine.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="342"><a href="#citable__342"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Robert James points out that Parallels Desktop doesn't have enough video RAM support for two big monitors: .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Special Report: Running Windows on a Mac with Parallels, Reports and Tips</c_title></em> <c_date>17 September 2009 3:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.macwindows.com/parallels.html">www.macwindows.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="342"><a href="#citable__342"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In Vista and prior, it reported usable RAM, while in SP1 they changed it to report installed RAM ignoring the fact that much of the RAM was unusable due to overlap with video memory."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>MacWindows Report: Boot Camp in Leopard Tips and Reports</c_title></em> <c_date>17 September 2009 3:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.macwindows.com/bootcamp.html">www.macwindows.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="342"><a href="#citable__342"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Earlier this week, another reader reported that Parallels Desktop doesn't have enough video RAM support to run two 30" Apple displays.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Special Report: Running Windows on a Mac with Parallels, Reports and Tips</c_title></em> <c_date>17 September 2009 3:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.macwindows.com/parallels.html">www.macwindows.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__616" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="616">One main drawback of the laptop is that, due to the size and configuration of components, relatively little can be done to upgrade the overall computer from its original design.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="616"><a href="#citable__616"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>If users have standardized configuration settings, software, hardware, and preferences, it is easier to deploy operating system and application upgrades and configuration changes that can be guaranteed to work on all computers.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Deploying Windows XP Part I: Planning</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb457061.aspx">technet.microsoft.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="616"><a href="#citable__616"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Setup detects whether Windows 3.1 or any version of Windows for Workgroups is installed on the computer, and, if it finds one of them, it offers to install Windows 95 in the same directory in order to upgrade the existing installation.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Windows 95 Setup Overview</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 19:019 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc751081.aspx">technet.microsoft.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="616"><a href="#citable__616"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Windows 95 Setup detects the hardware devices and components already configured on the computer and uses this information to install drivers and set Registry entries.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Windows 95 Setup Overview</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 19:019 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc751081.aspx">technet.microsoft.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__171" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="171">Some devices can be attached externally through ports (including via USB), however internal upgrades are not recommended or in some cases impossible, making the desktop PC more modular.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="171"><a href="#citable__171"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Desktop improvements make using the PC easier and provide immediate access to the applications and files people use most often through features such as Jumplists, Previews and the new Taskbar.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>News from Microsoft Ireland - Windows Live</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 1:29 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://microsoftireland.spaces.live.com/">microsoftireland.spaces.live.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="171"><a href="#citable__171"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Andrew McKenzie reports that Parallels Desktop can do something that Virtual PC could not do: use a USB security dongle in Windows.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Special Report: Running Windows on a Mac with Parallels, Reports and Tips</c_title></em> <c_date>17 September 2009 3:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.macwindows.com/parallels.html">www.macwindows.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="171"><a href="#citable__171"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Some use Macs to write PC viruses, some use the contry to make bombs for cities.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Maclive.net:: Windows Vista: First of a Kind Features?</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.maclive.net/sid/134">www.maclive.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__427" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="427">A subtype of notebooks, called <a href="/Subnotebook" title="Subnotebook">subnotebooks</a>, are computers with most of the features of a standard laptop computer but smaller.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="427"><a href="#citable__427"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I had discovered the World's Most Advanced Operating System when I purchased Apple's Macintosh Laptop G4 computer .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Longhorn Gets a Name: Windows Vista | Betanews</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.betanews.com/article/Longhorn-Gets-a-Name-Windows-Vista/1122002477">www.betanews.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__137" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="137">They are larger than <a href="/Hand-held_computer" title="Hand-held computer" class="mw-redirect">hand-held computers</a>, and usually run full versions of desktop/laptop operating systems.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="137"><a href="#citable__137"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>No operating system is installed on the computer.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Deploying Windows XP Part I: Planning</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb457061.aspx">technet.microsoft.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="137"><a href="#citable__137"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Although I would not recommend it as the primary operating system in an enterprise environment, it should yield satisfactory performance for small businesses with fewer than 250 user accounts that do not run mission critical processes.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0 versus UNIX</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.lege.com/unix-nt/">www.lege.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="137"><a href="#citable__137"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Because it affects the entire Windows NT operating system, the Security subsystem is known as an integral subsystem rather than an environment subsystem.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Chapter 5 - Windows NT 4.0 Workstation Architecture</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc749980.aspx">technet.microsoft.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__564" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="564"><a href="/Ultra-Mobile_PC" title="Ultra-Mobile PC">Ultra-Mobile PCs</a> (UMPC) are usually considered subnotebooks, or more specifically, subnotebook <a href="/Tablet_PC" title="Tablet PC">Tablet PCs</a> (see below).</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="564"><a href="#citable__564"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It will also lead to mobiles becoming far more important to the user than the PC ever was.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">www.blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="564"><a href="#citable__564"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It's a bit more difficult to test now that you can no longer see the stats that tell you if the disk is considered 100% defragged by windows.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows Vista Defrag: dumbed-down interface</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.geekzone.co.nz/freitasm/529">www.geekzone.co.nz</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__157" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="157"><a href="/Netbook" title="Netbook">Netbooks</a> are sometimes considered in this category, though they are sometimes separated in a category of their own (see below).</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="157"><a href="#citable__157"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Then we’ll see motivated inner city kids really be able to write their own ticket because they have access to everything.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">www.blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__206" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="206"><a href="/Desktop_replacement" title="Desktop replacement" class="mw-redirect">Desktop replacements</a>, meanwhile, are large laptops meant to replace a desktop computer while keeping the mobility of a laptop.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="206"><a href="#citable__206"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Gaming consoles would perhaps have a chance to replace traditional desktop PCs, but I think desktop PCs are already being replaced by laptops.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">www.blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="206"><a href="#citable__206"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Standardizing desktop configurations makes it easier to install, update, manage, support, and replace computers running Windows XP Professional.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Deploying Windows XP Part I: Planning</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb457061.aspx">technet.microsoft.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="206"><a href="#citable__206"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>My experience includes running a couple large I/T shops – one with over 262,000 desktop computers worldwide.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> A Different Kind of Personal Computer ~ Chris Pirillo</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://chris.pirillo.com/a-different-kind-of-personal-computer/">chris.pirillo.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Netbook">Netbook</span></h3> <div class="rellink relarticle mainarticle">Main article: <a href="/Netbook" title="Netbook">Netbook</a></div> <div class="thumb tright"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/04/2/1/5/31954524275387170.jpg" width="220" height="148" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> An <a href="/HP" title="HP" class="mw-redirect">HP</a> <a href="/Netbook" title="Netbook">netbook</a></div> </div> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__568" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="568"><a href="/Netbooks" title="Netbooks" class="mw-redirect">Netbooks</a> (also called <strong>mini notebooks</strong> or <strong><a href="/Subnotebook" title="Subnotebook">subnotebooks</a></strong>) are a rapidly evolving<sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_cnnogg_16_0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-cnnogg-16"><span>[</span>17<span>]</span></a></sup> category of small, light and inexpensive <a href="/Laptop" title="Laptop">laptop computers</a> suited for general computing and accessing <a href="/Web_application" title="Web application">web-based applications</a>; they are often marketed as "companion devices," that is, to augment a user's other computer access.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="568"><a href="#citable__568"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Applications are also user-mode processes, so they can't hinder the subsystems or Executive.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Chapter 5 - Windows NT 4.0 Workstation Architecture</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc749980.aspx">technet.microsoft.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="568"><a href="#citable__568"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Projects backed by the Japanese government promise so-called "fifth generation" computers - machines that can perform logical functions approaching human reasoning by harnessing multiprocessors.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://incomphist.blogspot.com/">incomphist.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="568"><a href="#citable__568"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Vista, Mac, Linux they are all the same, they allow users to actually operate the computer through a GUI. .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Daily Techno-Babble » 4 Reasons Why Windows Vista Is Just Not Worth It</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.dailytechnobabble.com/2006/11/09/4-reasons-why-windows-vista-is-just-not-worth-it/">www.dailytechnobabble.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_cnnogg_16_1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-cnnogg-16"><span>[</span>17<span>]</span></a></sup> <a href="/Walt_Mossberg" title="Walt Mossberg" class="mw-redirect">Walt Mossberg</a> called them a "relatively new category of small, light, minimalist and cheap laptops." <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_wsj_17_0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-wsj-17"><span>[</span>18<span>]</span></a></sup> By August 2009, <a href="/CNET" title="CNET" class="mw-redirect">CNET</a> called netbooks "nothing more than smaller, cheaper notebooks."<sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_cnnogg_16_2" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-cnnogg-16"><span>[</span>17<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__412" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="412">At their inception in late 2007 — as smaller notebooks optimized for low weight and low cost<sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_btwsj_18_0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-btwsj-18"><span>[</span>19<span>]</span></a></sup> — netbooks omitted key features (e.g., the <a href="/Optical_drive" title="Optical drive" class="mw-redirect">optical drive</a>), featured smaller screens and keyboards, and offered reduced specification and computing power.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="412"><a href="#citable__412"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Given that the latest gaming consoles cost nearly as much as a similarly powerful computer, I fail to see the advantage to going that route.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">www.blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="412"><a href="#citable__412"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>December 19th, 2009 at 1:27 am wrote: I needed this for a Dell E1705 whose optical drive was not powering up.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Roderick van Domburg's Cache » Installing Windows XP from USB</c_title></em> <c_date>11 January 2010 6:35 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.vandomburg.net/installing-windows-xp-from-usb/">www.vandomburg.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="412"><a href="#citable__412"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>For example, IBM has been working on an Adaptive Battery Life Extender to reduce the hard drive power consumption based on what the user is doing.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>patrickWeb</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.patrickweb.com/weblog/categories/personal_computing/index.html">www.patrickweb.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> Over the course of their evolution, netbooks have ranged in size from below 5"<sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_19" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-19"><span>[</span>20<span>]</span></a></sup> to over 13",<sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_20" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-20"><span>[</span>21<span>]</span></a></sup> and from <span style="white-space:nowrap;">~1 kg</span> (<span style="white-space:nowrap;">2-3 pounds</span>). <a name="citable__290" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="290">Often significantly less expensive than other <a href="/Laptop" title="Laptop">laptops</a>,<sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_pricegrabber_21_0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-pricegrabber-21"><span>[</span>22<span>]</span></a></sup> by mid-2009, netbooks had been offered to users "free of charge", with an extended service contract purchase.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="290"><a href="#citable__290"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Yahoo!, Google, AOL, and the multitude of other Free email services have can get into your e-mail anyday of the week they want, Are you going to know?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Today @ PC World Google Desktop Search: Security Threat?</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://blogs.pcworld.com/staffblog/archives/000264.html">blogs.pcworld.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="290"><a href="#citable__290"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Very good walk through especially for netbook/ultra portable laptop users who generally do not have CD drives to install from.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Roderick van Domburg's Cache » Installing Windows XP from USB</c_title></em> <c_date>11 January 2010 6:35 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.vandomburg.net/installing-windows-xp-from-usb/">www.vandomburg.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="290"><a href="#citable__290"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Macs are uniformly less expensive than EQUIVALENT PCs.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> A Different Kind of Personal Computer ~ Chris Pirillo</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://chris.pirillo.com/a-different-kind-of-personal-computer/">chris.pirillo.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_22" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-22"><span>[</span>23<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__556" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="556">In the short period since their appearance, netbooks have grown in size and features, now converging with new smaller, lighter notebooks.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="556"><a href="#citable__556"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>At the bottom of qindows build a PDF file you new features to the test since theyre not ms windows media p layer downloads sort ms windows media p layer downloads tools that I have.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Ms windows dpi slider wont move — Download OEM Software.</c_title></em> <c_date>16 September 2009 0:27 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://solarbus.org/blog/wp-content/themes/default/windows/ms-windows-dpi-slider-wont-move.html">solarbus.org</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__375" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="375">By mid 2009, CNET noted "the specs are so similar that the average shopper would likely be confused as to why one is better than the other," noting "the only conclusion is that there really is no distinction between the devices."</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="375"><a href="#citable__375"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I have no opinions other than jobs'.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Maclive.net:: Windows Vista: First of a Kind Features?</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.maclive.net/sid/134">www.maclive.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="375"><a href="#citable__375"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Like Bill Gates but better one.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Maclive.net:: Windows Vista: First of a Kind Features?</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.maclive.net/sid/134">www.maclive.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="375"><a href="#citable__375"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>This worked better than any other how-to!</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Roderick van Domburg's Cache » Installing Windows XP from USB</c_title></em> <c_date>11 January 2010 6:35 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.vandomburg.net/installing-windows-xp-from-usb/">www.vandomburg.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_cnnogg_16_3" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-cnnogg-16"><span>[</span>17<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Tablet_PC">Tablet PC</span></h3> <div class="rellink relarticle mainarticle">Main article: <a href="/Tablet_PC" title="Tablet PC">Tablet PC</a></div> <div class="thumb tright"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:152px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/11/2/6/2/86594114138448692.jpg" width="150" height="157" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> <a href="/HP" title="HP" class="mw-redirect">HP</a> <a href="/Compaq" title="Compaq">Compaq</a> <a href="/Tablet_PC" title="Tablet PC">tablet PC</a> with rotating/removable keyboard.</div> </div> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__98" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="98">A tablet PC is a <a href="/Notebook" title="Notebook">notebook</a> or slate-shaped <a href="/Mobile_computer" title="Mobile computer" class="mw-redirect">mobile computer</a>, first introduced by <a href="/Pen_computing" title="Pen computing">Pen computing</a> in the early 90s with their PenGo Tablet Computer and popularized by <a href="/Microsoft" title="Microsoft">Microsoft</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="98"><a href="#citable__98"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The first personal computer (PC), the Linc.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://incomphist.blogspot.com/">incomphist.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="98"><a href="#citable__98"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Apple PC performs the first computer wedding.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://incomphist.blogspot.com/">incomphist.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="98"><a href="#citable__98"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>IBM introduces FORTRAN, the first "high-level" computer language.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://incomphist.blogspot.com/">incomphist.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__455" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="455">Its <a href="/Touchscreen" title="Touchscreen">touchscreen</a> or <a href="/Graphics_tablet/screen_hybrid" title="Graphics tablet/screen hybrid" class="mw-redirect">graphics tablet/screen hybrid</a> technology allows the user to operate the <a href="/Computer" title="Computer">computer</a> with a <a href="/Stylus_(computing)" title="Stylus (computing)">stylus</a> or digital pen, or a fingertip, instead of a <a href="/Computer_keyboard" title="Computer keyboard" class="mw-redirect">keyboard</a> or <a href="/Mouse_(computing)" title="Mouse (computing)">mouse</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="455"><a href="#citable__455"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Vista, Mac, Linux they are all the same, they allow users to actually operate the computer through a GUI. .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Daily Techno-Babble » 4 Reasons Why Windows Vista Is Just Not Worth It</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.dailytechnobabble.com/2006/11/09/4-reasons-why-windows-vista-is-just-not-worth-it/">www.dailytechnobabble.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="455"><a href="#citable__455"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>This allows technicians easy access to the client computer so they can make sure that the login scripts and environment operate correctly.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Deploying Windows XP Part I: Planning</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb457061.aspx">technet.microsoft.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="455"><a href="#citable__455"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>"Allow other network users to connect through this computers internet connection" and walla, don't even have to setup gateway's or IP's on the other systems, they auto config...</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Maclive.net:: Windows Vista: First of a Kind Features?</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.maclive.net/sid/134">www.maclive.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__150" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="150">The form factor offers a more mobile way to interact with a computer.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="150"><a href="#citable__150"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>New multitouch technology in Windows 7 will enable people with touch-screen monitors to use multiple fingers to interact with their PC screens in a more intuitive way.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>News from Microsoft Ireland - Windows Live</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 1:29 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://microsoftireland.spaces.live.com/">microsoftireland.spaces.live.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="150"><a href="#citable__150"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Once the Internet masses catch on to this new style of computing, I really do feel as though it will be a fundamental change to the way that we interact with our computers.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">www.blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="150"><a href="#citable__150"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>If your mobile users travel frequently or work from remote sites you might want to give them more control over their computers.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Deploying Windows XP Part I: Planning</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb457061.aspx">technet.microsoft.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__72" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="72">Tablet PCs are often used where normal notebooks are impractical or unwieldy, or do not provide the needed functionality.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="72"><a href="#citable__72"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Desktop improvements make using the PC easier and provide immediate access to the applications and files people use most often through features such as Jumplists, Previews and the new Taskbar.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>News from Microsoft Ireland - Windows Live</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 1:29 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://microsoftireland.spaces.live.com/">microsoftireland.spaces.live.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="72"><a href="#citable__72"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>On the Bluetooth, if you have a PC with Bluetooth, you either have to use the "dumbed down" driver with windows or use WIDCOMM, Toshiba, or any other vendor specific drivers if you want the additional functionality.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows Vista Defrag: dumbed-down interface</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.geekzone.co.nz/freitasm/529">www.geekzone.co.nz</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="72"><a href="#citable__72"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>However, applications and other subsystems needed to use the graphics, windowing, and messaging functions in the Win32 subsystem.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Chapter 5 - Windows NT 4.0 Workstation Architecture</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc749980.aspx">technet.microsoft.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block">As technology and functionality continue to progress, prototype tablet PC's will continue to emerge. <a name="citable__645" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="645">The Microsoft Courier, a personal business device, has two 7" monitors that support multi-touch gestures, Wi-Fi capabilities and has a built-in camera.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="645"><a href="#citable__645"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>If the Xbox had a built-in HD-DVD / Blu-Ray combo drive and Cable Card support, they’d have the ultimate home entertainment device.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> A Different Kind of Personal Computer ~ Chris Pirillo</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://chris.pirillo.com/a-different-kind-of-personal-computer/">chris.pirillo.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="645"><a href="#citable__645"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Robert James points out that Parallels Desktop doesn't have enough video RAM support for two big monitors: .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Special Report: Running Windows on a Mac with Parallels, Reports and Tips</c_title></em> <c_date>17 September 2009 3:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.macwindows.com/parallels.html">www.macwindows.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="645"><a href="#citable__645"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It’s worked with articles saying that Microsoft ‘beat’ Apple in delivering multi-touch, even though the iPhone was at the same ‘demo’ point at the start of 2007.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> A Different Kind of Personal Computer ~ Chris Pirillo</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://chris.pirillo.com/a-different-kind-of-personal-computer/">chris.pirillo.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__152" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="152">The device looks to be a replacement to traditional planners while offering what most digital planners cannot, two pages and large writing spaces.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="152"><a href="#citable__152"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In Windows NT 4.0, as in earlier versions, applications run in their own processes and cannot read or write outside of their own address space.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Chapter 5 - Windows NT 4.0 Workstation Architecture</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc749980.aspx">technet.microsoft.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_23" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-23"><span>[</span>24<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Ultra_Mobile_PC">Ultra-Mobile PC</span></h3> <div class="rellink relarticle mainarticle">Main article: <a href="/Ultra-Mobile_PC" title="Ultra-Mobile PC">Ultra-Mobile PC</a></div> <div class="thumb tright"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/06/4/2/1/2174781802249101.jpg" width="220" height="124" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> <a href="/Samsung_Q1" title="Samsung Q1">Samsung Q1</a> <a href="/Ultra-Mobile_PC" title="Ultra-Mobile PC">Ultra-Mobile PC</a>.</div> </div> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__688" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="688">The ultra-mobile PC (UMPC) is a specification for a small <a href="/Form_factor" title="Form factor">form factor</a> of <a href="/Tablet_PC" title="Tablet PC">tablet PCs</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="688"><a href="#citable__688"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Small form factor .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Computers � from �217 - Pentium 4 Desktop Computer, AMD, Intel Pentium< title>"><meta http-equiv="Description Tag " content="<META name="description" content="Supplies Personal Computers, Pentium 4 � from �217.00. Desktop Dual-Core Processors, AMD, AM2, Intel Pentium and Intel Celeron. Customised Computers to any specification. Personal Desktop Computers include ESPRIMO Edition P2510 - A Low-Cost Professional Personal Computer (PC), Fujitsu Siemens ESPRIMO E5710 - P4 541, Fujitsu Siemens ESPRIMO Edition P2511, Micro Tower Desktop Personal Computer, Lenovo 3000 J115 7387 Tower; Fujitsu Siemens ESPRIMO Edition P2411 Tower. Computer Peripherals, Computer Upgrades, Computer Spare Parts">"><meta http-equiv="Key Words Tag " content="<meta name="keywords" content=" Personal Computers, Pentium 4 Computer, Desktop Computer, Dual-Core Processors, AMD Processor, AM2 Processor, Intel Pentium Processor, Intel Celeron Processor, Customised Computers, Personal Desktop Computers, Fujitsu Siemens ESPRIMO Edition P2510, Low-Cost Personal Computer, PC, Fujitsu Siemens ESPRIMO E5710 - P4 541, Fujitsu Siemens ESPRIMO Edition P2511, Micro Tower Desktop Personal Computer, Lenovo 3000 J115 7387 Tower; Fujitsu Siemens ESPRIMO Edition P2411 Tower, Computer Upgrades, Computer Spare Parts">"><meta http-equiv="ALT Tag " content="<borders/top.ht11u.jpg�width=�60�height=�58�alt=� Fujitsu Siemens ESPRIMO Edition P2510 - A Low-Cost Professional Personal Computer (PC), Fujitsu Siemens ESPRIMO E5710 - P4 541, Fujitsu Siemens ESPRIMO Edition P2511, Micro Tower Desktop Personal Computer, Lenovo 3000 J115 7387 Tower; Fujitsu Siemens ESPRIMO Edition P2411 Tower. Personal Computers, Pentium 4 � from �217.00. available in Cairo, Egypt, Dubai, UAE, UK, Ireland, Saudi Arabia, Nigeria, South Africa, Kenya, The countries covered include Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, American Samoa, Andorra, Argentina, Armenia, Aruba, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Barbados, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Hercegovina, Botswana, Brazil, British V.I., Brunei Darussalm, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde Islands, Caribbean Nations, Cayman Islands, Cape Verdi, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China (People's Republic), China-Taiwan, Congo, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Italy, Ivory Coast (La Cote d'Ivoire), Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Khmer Republic (Cambodia/Kampuchea)�>"><meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=windows-1252"><title>Computer Fax-Copier</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.hrod-consultancy.com/UK_Personal_Computers_PC_.Dell_Computers.HP_Computers.Dimension_Computers.%20E-Machine_Computers.htm">www.hrod-consultancy.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="688"><a href="#citable__688"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>And Roderick, THANK YOU! Thanks to a small form-factor PC with no CD or DVD drive, nor space to put one, this was the only option I had when the hard drive needed XP put on it.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Roderick van Domburg's Cache » Installing Windows XP from USB</c_title></em> <c_date>11 January 2010 6:35 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.vandomburg.net/installing-windows-xp-from-usb/">www.vandomburg.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="688"><a href="#citable__688"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The U1 UMPC (Ultra-Mini PC) is a full featured c...</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Free Downloads Encyclopedia - Softpedia</c_title></em> <c_date>11 January 2010 6:35 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://softpedia.com/">softpedia.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__162" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="162">It was developed as a joint development exercise by <a href="/Microsoft" title="Microsoft">Microsoft</a>, <a href="/Intel" title="Intel" class="mw-redirect">Intel</a>, and <a href="/Samsung" title="Samsung" class="mw-redirect">Samsung</a>, among others.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="162"><a href="#citable__162"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>By publishing these implementation notes Microsoft is helping other developers and vendors make informed decisions on how they create their own implementations.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>News from Microsoft Ireland - Windows Live</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 1:29 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://microsoftireland.spaces.live.com/">microsoftireland.spaces.live.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__19" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="19">Current UMPCs typically feature the Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows 7, or Linux <a href="/Operating_system" title="Operating system">operating system</a> and low-voltage Intel <a href="/Atom" title="Atom">Atom</a> or <a href="/VIA_C7-M" title="VIA C7-M" class="mw-redirect">VIA C7-M</a> processors.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="19"><a href="#citable__19"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I think Windows Vista is XP on roids.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Longhorn Gets a Name: Windows Vista | Betanews</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.betanews.com/article/Longhorn-Gets-a-Name-Windows-Vista/1122002477">www.betanews.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="19"><a href="#citable__19"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Most reports have been with Windows Vista, but we do have one report of hot operation with Windows XP. .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>MacWindows Report: Boot Camp in Leopard Tips and Reports</c_title></em> <c_date>17 September 2009 3:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.macwindows.com/bootcamp.html">www.macwindows.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="19"><a href="#citable__19"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Windows is a lifeless operating system.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Maclive.net:: Windows Vista: First of a Kind Features?</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.maclive.net/sid/134">www.maclive.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Home_theater_PC">Home theater PC</span></h3> <div class="rellink relarticle mainarticle">Main article: <a href="/Home_theater_PC" title="Home theater PC">Home theater PC</a></div> <div class="thumb tright"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/05/2/4/4/2911873558088914.jpg" width="220" height="165" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> <a href="/Antec" title="Antec">Antec</a> Fusion V2 <a href="/Home_theater_PC" title="Home theater PC">home theater PC</a> with <a href="/Keyboard_(computing)" title="Keyboard (computing)">keyboard</a> on top.</div> </div> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__17" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="17">A home theater PC (HTPC) is a convergence device that combines the functions of a personal computer and a <a href="/Digital_video_recorder" title="Digital video recorder">digital video recorder</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="17"><a href="#citable__17"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The first personal computer (PC), the Linc.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://incomphist.blogspot.com/">incomphist.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="17"><a href="#citable__17"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Let's examine innovation in each of the two categories -- PC as a computer on my desk, and PC as one of many devices connected to the Internet.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>patrickWeb</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.patrickweb.com/weblog/categories/personal_computing/index.html">www.patrickweb.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="17"><a href="#citable__17"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Home Automation, Internet Technology, Personal Computing April 18, 2007 02:12 PM .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>patrickWeb</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.patrickweb.com/weblog/categories/personal_computing/index.html">www.patrickweb.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__291" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="291">It is connected to a <a href="/Television" title="Television">television</a> or a television-sized <a href="/Computer_display" title="Computer display" class="mw-redirect">computer display</a> and is often used as a digital photo, music, video player, TV receiver and digital video recorder.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="291"><a href="#citable__291"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>A video recorder is the size of an upright piano.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://incomphist.blogspot.com/">incomphist.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="291"><a href="#citable__291"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As an alternative to monthly digital video recording (DVR) fees, Windows Media Center, available in some editions of Windows 7, with a TV tuner and improved user interface, makes recording TV free and easy.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>News from Microsoft Ireland - Windows Live</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 1:29 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://microsoftireland.spaces.live.com/">microsoftireland.spaces.live.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="291"><a href="#citable__291"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It enables the display of digital pictures on any TV in the house via the home local area network and can be a nice thing at holiday time.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>patrickWeb</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.patrickweb.com/weblog/categories/personal_computing/index.html">www.patrickweb.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__70" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="70">Home theater PCs are also referred to as <a href="/Media_center" title="Media center">media center</a> systems or <a href="/Media_server" title="Media server">media servers</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="70"><a href="#citable__70"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mark, it’s conceivable that the gaming boxes will become the home media system and displace PC’s in that regard.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">www.blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="70"><a href="#citable__70"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Have you tried personalising a Windows PC, running Windows Media Player or Windows Media Center?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows Vista Defrag: dumbed-down interface</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.geekzone.co.nz/freitasm/529">www.geekzone.co.nz</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="70"><a href="#citable__70"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Windows Media Player and Windows Media Center in Windows 7 have built-in support for more media formats so people can use their PC to play more media content and sync it to a broader range of devices.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>News from Microsoft Ireland - Windows Live</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 1:29 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://microsoftireland.spaces.live.com/">microsoftireland.spaces.live.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__351" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="351">The general goal in a HTPC is usually to combine many or all components of a <a href="/Home_cinema" title="Home cinema">home theater</a> setup into one box.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="351"><a href="#citable__351"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>For example, if you open My Computer, then drive C:, then one of the folders, you can quickly close them all by holding down Shift and clicking the last window's close box.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows NT</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows_nt.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="351"><a href="#citable__351"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Once I do this, the computer goes back into setup, though this time the non-GUI one.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Roderick van Domburg's Cache » Installing Windows XP from USB</c_title></em> <c_date>11 January 2010 6:35 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.vandomburg.net/installing-windows-xp-from-usb/">www.vandomburg.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="351"><a href="#citable__351"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>First, USB replaces all the different kinds of serial and parallel port connectors with one standardized plug and port combination.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>patrickWeb</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.patrickweb.com/weblog/categories/personal_computing/index.html">www.patrickweb.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__181" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="181">They can be purchased pre-configured with the required hardware and software needed to add television programming to the PC, or can be cobbled together out of discrete components as is commonly done with <a href="/MythTV" title="MythTV">MythTV</a>, <a href="/Windows_Media_Center" title="Windows Media Center">Windows Media Center</a>, <a href="/GB-PVR" title="GB-PVR">GB-PVR</a>, <a href="/SageTV" title="SageTV">SageTV</a>, Famulent or <a href="/LinuxMCE" title="LinuxMCE">LinuxMCE</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="181"><a href="#citable__181"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Open the Control Panel, select Add/Remove Programs, and select the Windows Setup tab.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows 95</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 19:019 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows95_tips.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="181"><a href="#citable__181"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The vast majority of PC bluetooth devices require additional drivers and software.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows Vista Defrag: dumbed-down interface</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.geekzone.co.nz/freitasm/529">www.geekzone.co.nz</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="181"><a href="#citable__181"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Dual G5, and get similar performance to a crapp 2.4 Celeron pc running windows ;) the reason windows crashes is because of other programs.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Maclive.net:: Windows Vista: First of a Kind Features?</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.maclive.net/sid/134">www.maclive.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Pocket_PC">Pocket PC</span></h3> <div class="rellink relarticle mainarticle">Main article: <a href="/Pocket_PC" title="Pocket PC">Pocket PC</a></div> <div class="thumb tright"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:112px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/06/2/2/2/4056330497707050.jpg" width="110" height="194" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> An O<sup>2</sup> <a href="/Pocket_PC" title="Pocket PC">pocket PC</a></div> </div> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__532" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="532">A pocket PC is a hardware <a href="/Specification" title="Specification" class="mw-redirect">specification</a> for a <a href="/Handheld" title="Handheld" class="mw-redirect">handheld</a>-sized <a href="/Computer" title="Computer">computer</a> (<a href="/Personal_digital_assistant" title="Personal digital assistant">personal digital assistant</a>) that runs the <a href="/Microsoft" title="Microsoft">Microsoft</a> <a href="/Windows_Mobile" title="Windows Mobile">Windows Mobile</a> <a href="/Operating_system" title="Operating system">operating system</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="532"><a href="#citable__532"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The first personal computer (PC), the Linc.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://incomphist.blogspot.com/">incomphist.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="532"><a href="#citable__532"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Windows is a lifeless operating system.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Maclive.net:: Windows Vista: First of a Kind Features?</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.maclive.net/sid/134">www.maclive.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="532"><a href="#citable__532"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Windows is a modest operating system ...</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Longhorn Gets a Name: Windows Vista | Betanews</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.betanews.com/article/Longhorn-Gets-a-Name-Windows-Vista/1122002477">www.betanews.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__561" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="561">It may have the capability to run an alternative <a href="/Operating_system" title="Operating system">operating system</a> like <a href="/NetBSD" title="NetBSD">NetBSD</a> or <a href="/Linux" title="Linux">Linux</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="561"><a href="#citable__561"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Documentation for the Linux operating systems.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://docs.hp.com/windows_nt/index.html">docs.hp.com</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="561"><a href="#citable__561"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It uses Linux as the underlying operating system.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>patrickWeb</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.patrickweb.com/weblog/categories/personal_computing/index.html">www.patrickweb.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="561"><a href="#citable__561"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Microsoft may be the most used operating system now but it does not mean that they are the best ...</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Longhorn Gets a Name: Windows Vista | Betanews</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.betanews.com/article/Longhorn-Gets-a-Name-Windows-Vista/1122002477">www.betanews.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__99" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="99">It has many of the capabilities of modern desktop <a href="/IBM_PC_compatible" title="IBM PC compatible">PCs</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="99"><a href="#citable__99"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Windows XP Mode: Utilizing Windows Virtual PC, Windows XP Mode allows small and medium business users of Windows 7 users to run many Windows XP productivity applications, launched right from the Windows 7 desktop.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>News from Microsoft Ireland - Windows Live</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 1:29 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://microsoftireland.spaces.live.com/">microsoftireland.spaces.live.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__685" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="685">Currently there are tens of thousands of <a href="/Software" title="Software" class="mw-redirect">applications</a> for handhelds adhering to the Microsoft Pocket PC specification, many of which are <a href="/Freeware" title="Freeware">freeware</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="685"><a href="#citable__685"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>There will be many thousands of applications.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>patrickWeb</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.patrickweb.com/weblog/categories/personal_computing/index.html">www.patrickweb.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="685"><a href="#citable__685"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>If not, if you are using BlackBerry, check out TenDigits MobileAccess for Dynamics CRM. Or if you are using Pocket PC, check out c360 Mobile CRM for Microsoft Dynamics CRM 4.0.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Workopia Microsoft CRM & CRM Online Blog - Windows Live</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 1:29 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://microsoft-crm.spaces.live.com/PersonalSpace.aspx">microsoft-crm.spaces.live.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="685"><a href="#citable__685"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mobile CRM for Microsoft Dynamics CRM 4.0 - supports Microsoft Pocket PC phones; http://www.c360.com/MobileCRM.aspx 2.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Workopia Microsoft CRM & CRM Online Blog - Windows Live</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 1:29 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://microsoft-crm.spaces.live.com/PersonalSpace.aspx">microsoft-crm.spaces.live.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__63" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="63">Some of these devices also include <a href="/Mobile_phone" title="Mobile phone">mobile phone</a> features.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="63"><a href="#citable__63"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Some key features for IT professionals include: · Direct Access: This feature enables IT Managers to provide the mobile user with reliable and secure access to the corporate network resources when user is on the Internet, without having to initiate a VPN connection.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>News from Microsoft Ireland - Windows Live</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 1:29 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://microsoftireland.spaces.live.com/">microsoftireland.spaces.live.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="63"><a href="#citable__63"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The challenge Apple faces is dealing with the mobile companies’ prediliction for crippling devices and bandwidth so they can upsell features.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="63"><a href="#citable__63"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mauricio Freitas Wellington New Zealand I live in New Zealand and my interests include mobile devices, good books, movies and food of course!</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows Vista Defrag: dumbed-down interface</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.geekzone.co.nz/freitasm/529">www.geekzone.co.nz</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__188" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="188">Microsoft compliant Pocket PCs can also be used with many other add-ons like <a href="/Global_Positioning_System" title="Global Positioning System">GPS receivers</a>, <a href="/Barcode" title="Barcode">barcode</a> readers, <a href="/RFID" title="RFID" class="mw-redirect">RFID</a> readers, and cameras.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="188"><a href="#citable__188"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>"Why fight it, Linux and many of the applications used by linux groups stole from Microsoft."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Microsoft Watch - Windows 7 - Who Leaked Windows 7? </c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 1:29 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.microsoft-watch.com/content/windows_7/who_leaked_windows_7.html">www.microsoft-watch.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="188"><a href="#citable__188"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>SBS provides many of the technologies used by larger companies, such as Windows Server 2008, Exchange Server 2007, Microsoft SQL Server 2008 and other Microsoft products.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>News from Microsoft Ireland - Windows Live</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 1:29 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://microsoftireland.spaces.live.com/">microsoftireland.spaces.live.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="188"><a href="#citable__188"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Bach addressed Microsoft’s unique ability to deliver entertainment on virtually any screen that consumers commonly use today, including the PC, TV and mobile phone.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>News from Microsoft Ireland - Windows Live</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 1:29 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://microsoftireland.spaces.live.com/">microsoftireland.spaces.live.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__451" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="451">In 2007, with the release of Windows Mobile 6, Microsoft dropped the name Pocket PC in favor of a new naming scheme.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="451"><a href="#citable__451"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The letters were dropped from the name of Windows 2000.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Longhorn Gets a Name: Windows Vista | Betanews</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.betanews.com/article/Longhorn-Gets-a-Name-Windows-Vista/1122002477">www.betanews.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="451"><a href="#citable__451"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>HP Integrity Servers with Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Release Notes v5.1 .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows</c_title></em> <c_date>11 January 2010 6:35 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://docs.hp.com/en/windows.html">docs.hp.com</a> [Source type: Academic]</li><li> <em><c_title>Windows</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://docs.hp.com/windows_nt/index.html">docs.hp.com</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="451"><a href="#citable__451"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Bach addressed Microsoft’s unique ability to deliver entertainment on virtually any screen that consumers commonly use today, including the PC, TV and mobile phone.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>News from Microsoft Ireland - Windows Live</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 1:29 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://microsoftireland.spaces.live.com/">microsoftireland.spaces.live.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__301" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="301">Devices without an integrated phone are called Windows Mobile Classic instead of Pocket PC. Devices with an integrated phone and a touch screen are called Windows Mobile Professional.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="301"><a href="#citable__301"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>New multitouch technology in Windows 7 will enable people with touch-screen monitors to use multiple fingers to interact with their PC screens in a more intuitive way.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>News from Microsoft Ireland - Windows Live</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 1:29 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://microsoftireland.spaces.live.com/">microsoftireland.spaces.live.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="301"><a href="#citable__301"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It fixes a problem where booting from the Windows XP installer CD produces a black screen (no video) instead of the blue installation screen.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>MacWindows Report: Boot Camp in Leopard Tips and Reports</c_title></em> <c_date>17 September 2009 3:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.macwindows.com/bootcamp.html">www.macwindows.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="301"><a href="#citable__301"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>When i reboot, without usb key, start a bluscreen of windows installation i do it and after setup and 15 pc reboot, but surprise i see again the blue screen of windows install.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Roderick van Domburg's Cache » Installing Windows XP from USB</c_title></em> <c_date>11 January 2010 6:35 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.vandomburg.net/installing-windows-xp-from-usb/">www.vandomburg.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_24" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-24"><span>[</span>25<span>]</span></a></sup><br style="clear:both" /> </div> <h2><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Hardware">Hardware</span></h2> <div class="thumb tright"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:302px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/04/2/2/4/2618948279999918.png" width="300" height="181" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> An <a href="/Exploded_view" title="Exploded view" class="mw-redirect">exploded view</a> of a modern personal computer and peripherals: <ol> <li><a href="/Image_scanner" title="Image scanner">Scanner</a></li> <li><a href="/Central_processing_unit" title="Central processing unit">CPU</a> (<a href="/Microprocessor" title="Microprocessor">Microprocessor</a>)</li> <li><a href="/Primary_storage" title="Primary storage" class="mw-redirect">Primary storage</a> (<a href="/Random_access_memory" title="Random access memory" class="mw-redirect">RAM</a>)</li> <li><a href="/Expansion_card" title="Expansion card">Expansion cards</a> (<a href="/Graphics_card" title="Graphics card" class="mw-redirect">graphics cards</a>, etc)</li> <li><a href="/Power_supply" title="Power supply">Power supply</a></li> <li><a href="/Optical_disc" title="Optical disc">Optical disc drive</a></li> <li><a href="/Secondary_storage" title="Secondary storage" class="mw-redirect">Secondary storage</a> (<a href="/Hard_disk" title="Hard disk" class="mw-redirect">Hard disk</a>)</li> <li><a href="/Motherboard" title="Motherboard">Motherboard</a></li> <li><a href="/Loudspeaker" title="Loudspeaker">Speakers</a></li> <li><a href="/Computer_display" title="Computer display" class="mw-redirect">Monitor</a></li> <li><a href="/System_software" title="System software">System software</a></li> <li><a href="/Application_software" title="Application software">Application software</a></li> <li><a href="/Computer_keyboard" title="Computer keyboard" class="mw-redirect">Keyboard</a></li> <li><a href="/Mouse_(computing)" title="Mouse (computing)">Mouse</a></li> <li><a href="/External_hard_disk_drive" title="External hard disk drive">External hard disk</a></li> <li><a href="/Computer_printer" title="Computer printer" class="mw-redirect">Printer</a></li> </ol> </div> </div> </div> <div class="rellink relarticle mainarticle">Main article: <a href="/Computer_hardware" title="Computer hardware" class="mw-redirect">Computer hardware</a></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block">A typical hardware setup of a <a href="/Desktop_computer" title="Desktop computer">desktop computer</a> consists of:</div> <ul> <li><a href="/Computer_case" title="Computer case">computer case</a> with <a href="/Computer_power_supply" title="Computer power supply" class="mw-redirect">power supply</a></li> <li><a href="/Central_processing_unit" title="Central processing unit">central processing unit</a> (processor)</li> <li><a href="/Motherboard" title="Motherboard">motherboard</a></li> <li><a href="/Computer_memory" title="Computer memory">memory card</a></li> <li><a href="/Hard_disk_drive" title="Hard disk drive">hard disk</a></li> <li><a href="/Video_card" title="Video card">video card</a></li> <li><a href="/Visual_display_unit" title="Visual display unit" class="mw-redirect">visual display unit</a> (monitor)</li> <li><a href="/Optical_disc" title="Optical disc">optical disc</a> (usually <a href="/DVD-ROM" title="DVD-ROM" class="mw-redirect">DVD-ROM</a> or <a href="/DVD_recordable" title="DVD recordable">DVD Writer</a>)</li> <li><a href="/Computer_keyboard" title="Computer keyboard" class="mw-redirect">keyboard</a> and <a href="/Pointing_device" title="Pointing device">pointing device</a></li> </ul> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__12" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="12">These components can usually be put together with little knowledge to build a computer.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="12"><a href="#citable__12"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Both of these programs access data over the network (the data is captured & stored on a computer in one part of the building, and accessed via a client computer elsewhere).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Special Report: Running Windows on a Mac with Parallels, Reports and Tips</c_title></em> <c_date>17 September 2009 3:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.macwindows.com/parallels.html">www.macwindows.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="12"><a href="#citable__12"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Together, these components—the Security Reference Monitor component, the Logon Process, and the Security protected subsystems—form the Windows NT security model .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Chapter 5 - Windows NT 4.0 Workstation Architecture</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc749980.aspx">technet.microsoft.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="12"><a href="#citable__12"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>With the IBM logo on the front these little computers take on a certain air of legitimacy.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://incomphist.blogspot.com/">incomphist.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__205" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="205">The motherboard is a main part of a computer that connects all devices together.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="205"><a href="#citable__205"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It's ironic that Mac actually stop it's customers from learning the ins and outs of computer technology and the software that holds it all together.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Maclive.net:: Windows Vista: First of a Kind Features?</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.maclive.net/sid/134">www.maclive.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="205"><a href="#citable__205"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Let's examine innovation in each of the two categories -- PC as a computer on my desk, and PC as one of many devices connected to the Internet.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>patrickWeb</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.patrickweb.com/weblog/categories/personal_computing/index.html">www.patrickweb.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="205"><a href="#citable__205"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Line 6's update utility, "Line 6 Monkey" will not load the appropriate drivers or even connect to the device at all.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Special Report: Running Windows on a Mac with Parallels, Reports and Tips</c_title></em> <c_date>17 September 2009 3:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.macwindows.com/parallels.html">www.macwindows.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__365" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="365">The memory card(s), graphics card and processor are mounted directly onto the motherboard (the processor in a <a href="/Cpu_socket" title="Cpu socket" class="mw-redirect">socket</a> and the memory and graphics cards in <a href="/Expansion_slot" title="Expansion slot" class="mw-redirect">expansion slots</a>).</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="365"><a href="#citable__365"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I can't utilize the AutoCAD revit software in Parallels since it only has 512 BM memory and a puny virtual graphics card.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>MacWindows Report: Boot Camp in Leopard Tips and Reports</c_title></em> <c_date>17 September 2009 3:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.macwindows.com/bootcamp.html">www.macwindows.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="365"><a href="#citable__365"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>(Note: A graphics card with pixel shader 2.0 and 64MB or higher memory may be necessary for this to function.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows Vista RTM Software Compatibility List - IeXwiki</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.iexbeta.com/wiki/index.php/Windows_Vista_Software_Compatibility_List">www.iexbeta.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__410" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="410">The mass storage is connected to it with cables and can be installed in the computer case or in a separate case.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="410"><a href="#citable__410"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>All a school requires is an internet connection and Flash Player 8 or higher installed on a computer.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>News from Microsoft Ireland - Windows Live</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 1:29 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://microsoftireland.spaces.live.com/">microsoftireland.spaces.live.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="410"><a href="#citable__410"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>This includes installing Briefcase for file synchronization and the supporting software for direct cable connections to exchange files.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Windows 95 Setup Overview</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 19:019 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc751081.aspx">technet.microsoft.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__667" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="667">This is the same for the keyboard and mouse, except that they are external and connect to the I/O panel on the back of the computer.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="667"><a href="#citable__667"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>"Allow other network users to connect through this computers internet connection" and walla, don't even have to setup gateway's or IP's on the other systems, they auto config...</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Maclive.net:: Windows Vista: First of a Kind Features?</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.maclive.net/sid/134">www.maclive.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="667"><a href="#citable__667"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>So when I use the computer, I have to click Start, then choose Settings, Control Panel, open Mouse, and so forth, just to set the speed where I can use it.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows NT</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows_nt.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="667"><a href="#citable__667"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I can’t wait till they do away with a keyboard and mouse, ala Minority Report.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">www.blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__217" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="217">The monitor is also connected to the I/O panel, either through an onboard port on the motherboard, or a port on the graphics card.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="217"><a href="#citable__217"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>And not one of my relatives ever even heard of a graphics card (or thought about replacing one) when they had either the PCs or the Macs.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> A Different Kind of Personal Computer ~ Chris Pirillo</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://chris.pirillo.com/a-different-kind-of-personal-computer/">chris.pirillo.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="217"><a href="#citable__217"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>On the Mac side, I use Time Machine with a Western Digital MyBook Studio 500GB external drive formatted for Mac and connected through the FireWire 800 port.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>MacWindows Report: Boot Camp in Leopard Tips and Reports</c_title></em> <c_date>17 September 2009 3:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.macwindows.com/bootcamp.html">www.macwindows.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__289" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="289">Several functions (implemented by <a href="/Chipset" title="Chipset">chipsets</a>) can be integrated into the motherboard, typically <a href="/USB" title="USB" class="mw-redirect">USB</a> and network, but also graphics and sound.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="289"><a href="#citable__289"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Novell offers several tools to make integration of NT servers into your NetWare environment less painful.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows NT</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows_nt.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="289"><a href="#citable__289"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>MSI has delayed the release of its Big Bang Fuzion motherboard for several months, but it seems that the product is finally going to go out into the world.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Free Downloads Encyclopedia - Softpedia</c_title></em> <c_date>11 January 2010 6:35 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://softpedia.com/">softpedia.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="289"><a href="#citable__289"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Get your latest device drivers here: Graphics Card , Network Card , Sound Card , Printers and Scanners .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Free Downloads Encyclopedia - Softpedia</c_title></em> <c_date>11 January 2010 6:35 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://softpedia.com/">softpedia.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__139" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="139">Even if these are present, a separate card can be added if what is available isn't sufficient.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="139"><a href="#citable__139"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>With this problem, Boot Camp reports that there isn't sufficient drive space to parition , even when there's plenty of space.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>MacWindows Report: Boot Camp in Leopard Tips and Reports</c_title></em> <c_date>17 September 2009 3:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.macwindows.com/bootcamp.html">www.macwindows.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__520" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="520">The graphics and sound card can have a <a href="/Break_out_box" title="Break out box" class="mw-redirect">break out box</a> to keep the analog parts away from the <a href="/Electromagnetic_radiation" title="Electromagnetic radiation">electromagnetic radiation</a> inside the computer case.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="520"><a href="#citable__520"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Because Windows 95 provides plenty of options to silence your speakers (i.e., part of a multimedia sound system), but none to keep your system speaker quiet.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows 95</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 19:019 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows95_tips.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="520"><a href="#citable__520"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Designed by the Woz, Steve Jobs and Alan Baum, the goal of the Apple II is to squeeze the maximum number of features out of a minimum number of parts, and to deliver a complete computer in one box: keyboard, power supply, BASIC and color graphics.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://incomphist.blogspot.com/">incomphist.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="520"><a href="#citable__520"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>We had tried to use the "Out of the Box" options to see if it is "good enough", but none of them were acceptable for this case.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Workopia Microsoft CRM & CRM Online Blog - Windows Live</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 1:29 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://microsoft-crm.spaces.live.com/PersonalSpace.aspx">microsoft-crm.spaces.live.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__87" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="87">For really large amounts of data, a <a href="/Tape_drive" title="Tape drive">tape drive</a> can be used or (extra) hard disks can be put together in an external case.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="87"><a href="#citable__87"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>This procedure will destroy any data on the hard drive.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Roderick van Domburg's Cache » Installing Windows XP from USB</c_title></em> <c_date>11 January 2010 6:35 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.vandomburg.net/installing-windows-xp-from-usb/">www.vandomburg.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="87"><a href="#citable__87"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I installed Win XP Pro SP3 from an OEM disk onto my Asus EEE PC using a USB drive.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Roderick van Domburg's Cache » Installing Windows XP from USB</c_title></em> <c_date>11 January 2010 6:35 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.vandomburg.net/installing-windows-xp-from-usb/">www.vandomburg.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="87"><a href="#citable__87"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It uses physical memory much more effiecently, automatically prediciting and loading memory pages that you may need when the hard drive is idle.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Daily Techno-Babble » 4 Reasons Why Windows Vista Is Just Not Worth It</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.dailytechnobabble.com/2006/11/09/4-reasons-why-windows-vista-is-just-not-worth-it/">www.dailytechnobabble.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__210" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="210">The <a href="/Computer_hardware" title="Computer hardware" class="mw-redirect">hardware</a> capabilities of personal computers can sometimes be extended by the addition of <a href="/Expansion_card" title="Expansion card">expansion cards</a> connected via an expansion <a href="/Computer_bus" title="Computer bus" class="mw-redirect">bus</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="210"><a href="#citable__210"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Hardware runs better or worse in computers based on the combination of their hardware and the capability of the OS. If one person has a top range graphics card running on an Alienware P4 computer and another has one running on a $1500 (AU) commercial computer, the Alienware is going to run better.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Maclive.net:: Windows Vista: First of a Kind Features?</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.maclive.net/sid/134">www.maclive.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="210"><a href="#citable__210"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>CompuServe becomes the first service to offer electronic mail capabilities and technical support to personal computer users.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://incomphist.blogspot.com/">incomphist.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="210"><a href="#citable__210"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>A Different Kind of Personal Computer If you want to buy cheap hardware, that?s your prerogative.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> A Different Kind of Personal Computer ~ Chris Pirillo</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://chris.pirillo.com/a-different-kind-of-personal-computer/">chris.pirillo.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__703" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="703">Some standard peripheral buses often used for adding expansion cards in personal computers as of 2005 are <a href="/Peripheral_Component_Interconnect" title="Peripheral Component Interconnect" class="mw-redirect">PCI</a>, <a href="/Accelerated_Graphics_Port" title="Accelerated Graphics Port">AGP</a> (a high-speed PCI bus dedicated to graphics adapters), and <a href="/PCI_Express" title="PCI Express">PCI Express</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="703"><a href="#citable__703"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>IBM, Internet Technology, Personal Computing November 14, 2005 12:26 PM .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>patrickWeb</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.patrickweb.com/weblog/categories/personal_computing/index.html">www.patrickweb.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="703"><a href="#citable__703"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I want to be able to work from home, and use my computer for personal use.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">www.blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="703"><a href="#citable__703"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Hardware runs better or worse in computers based on the combination of their hardware and the capability of the OS. If one person has a top range graphics card running on an Alienware P4 computer and another has one running on a $1500 (AU) commercial computer, the Alienware is going to run better.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Maclive.net:: Windows Vista: First of a Kind Features?</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.maclive.net/sid/134">www.maclive.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__569" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="569">Most personal computers as of 2005 have multiple physical <a href="/Peripheral_Component_Interconnect" title="Peripheral Component Interconnect" class="mw-redirect">PCI</a> expansion slots.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="569"><a href="#citable__569"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>IBM, Internet Technology, Personal Computing November 14, 2005 12:26 PM .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>patrickWeb</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.patrickweb.com/weblog/categories/personal_computing/index.html">www.patrickweb.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="569"><a href="#citable__569"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Personal Computing October 28, 2005 12:18 PM .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>patrickWeb</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.patrickweb.com/weblog/categories/personal_computing/index.html">www.patrickweb.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="569"><a href="#citable__569"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Personal Computing May 5, 2005 04:11 PM .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>patrickWeb</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.patrickweb.com/weblog/categories/personal_computing/index.html">www.patrickweb.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__377" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="377">Many also include an AGP bus and expansion slot or a PCI Express bus and one or more expansion slots, but few PCs contain both buses.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="377"><a href="#citable__377"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It remains on the completing installation step for a few minutes and then an error comes up that says "Windows cannot configure one or more system components.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>MacWindows Report: Boot Camp in Leopard Tips and Reports</c_title></em> <c_date>17 September 2009 3:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.macwindows.com/bootcamp.html">www.macwindows.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="377"><a href="#citable__377"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Parallels High Speed USB Transfer Cable connects a Mac and PC and includes flash ROM containing Enhanced Parallels Transporter software.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Special Report: Running Windows on a Mac with Parallels, Reports and Tips</c_title></em> <c_date>17 September 2009 3:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.macwindows.com/parallels.html">www.macwindows.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="377"><a href="#citable__377"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>This openness is what created the PC industry, and the reason why most homes (rather than just a few offices, as had been the case until then) have one or more PCs sitting in a corner somewhere.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> A Different Kind of Personal Computer ~ Chris Pirillo</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://chris.pirillo.com/a-different-kind-of-personal-computer/">chris.pirillo.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Computer_case">Computer case</span></h3> <div class="rellink relarticle mainarticle">Main article: <a href="/Computer_case" title="Computer case">Computer case</a></div> <div class="thumb tright"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/07/3/8/4/10116432048587443.jpg" width="220" height="165" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> A stripped <a href="/ATX" title="ATX">ATX</a> case lying on its side.</div> </div> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__120" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="120">A computer case is the enclosure that contains the main components of a <a href="/Computer" title="Computer">computer</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="120"><a href="#citable__120"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I also advise people accordingly, if the don't know shit about computers i usually advise mac's except for the cases where budget is the main word in their vocabulary.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Maclive.net:: Windows Vista: First of a Kind Features?</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.maclive.net/sid/134">www.maclive.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="120"><a href="#citable__120"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The second Analyzing Your Computer screen appears, containing lists of the components that Windows 95 Setup proposes to detect.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Windows 95 Setup Overview</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 19:019 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc751081.aspx">technet.microsoft.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__253" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="253">Cases are usually constructed from <a href="/Steel" title="Steel">steel</a> or <a href="/Aluminium" title="Aluminium">aluminium</a>, although other materials such as <a href="/Wood" title="Wood">wood</a> and <a href="/Plastic" title="Plastic">plastic</a> have been used.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="253"><a href="#citable__253"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>SBS provides many of the technologies used by larger companies, such as Windows Server 2008, Exchange Server 2007, Microsoft SQL Server 2008 and other Microsoft products.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>News from Microsoft Ireland - Windows Live</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 1:29 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://microsoftireland.spaces.live.com/">microsoftireland.spaces.live.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="253"><a href="#citable__253"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Other applications use synchronization objects, such as an event or the file handle, that the I/O system sets to the signaled state when the I/O operation is complete.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Chapter 5 - Windows NT 4.0 Workstation Architecture</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc749980.aspx">technet.microsoft.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="253"><a href="#citable__253"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Tired of stretching your hands from one end of the keyboard to the other to reach those oft-used keyboard shortcuts (such as Ctrl-Alt-Delete)?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows 95</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 19:019 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows95_tips.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__472" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="472">Cases can come in many different sizes, or <em><a href="/Motherboard_form_factor" title="Motherboard form factor" class="mw-redirect">form factors</a></em>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="472"><a href="#citable__472"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>What happens in many cases is that the Directory is less than one page, and no form feed gets sent to the printer.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows NT</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows_nt.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__267" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="267">The size and shape of a computer case is usually determined by the form factor of the <a href="/Motherboard" title="Motherboard">motherboard</a> that it is designed to accommodate, since this is the largest and most central component of most computers.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="267"><a href="#citable__267"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I also advise people accordingly, if the don't know shit about computers i usually advise mac's except for the cases where budget is the main word in their vocabulary.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Maclive.net:: Windows Vista: First of a Kind Features?</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.maclive.net/sid/134">www.maclive.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="267"><a href="#citable__267"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>A Pc user can upgrade his motherboard to another with higher bus speeds, higher Quality components, better chipset, design & Dual, Quad or above CPUs.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Maclive.net:: Windows Vista: First of a Kind Features?</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.maclive.net/sid/134">www.maclive.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="267"><a href="#citable__267"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>For example, since you most likely have COM1 and COM2 on the system motherboard, set the modem to COM3.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows NT</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows_nt.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__511" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="511">Consequently, personal computer form factors typically specify only the <em>internal</em> dimensions and layout of the case.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="511"><a href="#citable__511"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Most Unix systems where not exactly designed for personal computers so they're kind of an outsider since only techies know how to solve their problems.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Maclive.net:: Windows Vista: First of a Kind Features?</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.maclive.net/sid/134">www.maclive.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__3" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="3">Form factors for <a href="/Rack-mounted" title="Rack-mounted" class="mw-redirect">rack-mounted</a> and <a href="/Blade_server" title="Blade server">blade</a> <a href="/Server_(computing)" title="Server (computing)">servers</a> may include precise <em>external</em> dimensions as well, since these cases must themselves fit in specific enclosures.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="3"><a href="#citable__3"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>HP, IBM and Intel Corporation have also designed and priced blade servers specifically for midsize customers.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>News from Microsoft Ireland - Windows Live</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 1:29 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://microsoftireland.spaces.live.com/">microsoftireland.spaces.live.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="3"><a href="#citable__3"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>This also includes graphics-based applications since X-server software is standard issue on all UNIX operating systems.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0 versus UNIX</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.lege.com/unix-nt/">www.lege.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="3"><a href="#citable__3"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In these cases, most or all of the Windows 95 program files reside on the server instead of the workstation.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Windows 95 Setup Overview</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 19:019 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc751081.aspx">technet.microsoft.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__466" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="466">Currently, the most popular form factor for desktop computers is <a href="/ATX" title="ATX">ATX</a>, although <a href="/MicroATX" title="MicroATX">microATX</a> and <a href="/Small_form_factor" title="Small form factor">small form factors</a> have become very popular for a variety of uses.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="466"><a href="#citable__466"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Microsoft Dynamics CRM Online's March 2009 Service Update introduced a very nice feature called "Internet lead capture" that is very useful for most small medium businesses (SMB).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Workopia Microsoft CRM & CRM Online Blog - Windows Live</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 1:29 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://microsoft-crm.spaces.live.com/PersonalSpace.aspx">microsoft-crm.spaces.live.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="466"><a href="#citable__466"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Although this article was not 100% step by step, it was very complete especially what to do with Bart PE and is very useful and helped solve my problems.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Roderick van Domburg's Cache » Installing Windows XP from USB</c_title></em> <c_date>11 January 2010 6:35 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.vandomburg.net/installing-windows-xp-from-usb/">www.vandomburg.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="466"><a href="#citable__466"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Gmail is lightning fast and although it is a "cloud" application with all the user functionality appearing in the browser, it acts like a desktop application and I can use it on the Ubuntu Linux ThinkPad in the kitchen, a Windows PC in the workshop, or any computer anywhere.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>patrickWeb</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.patrickweb.com/weblog/categories/personal_computing/index.html">www.patrickweb.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> Companies like <a href="/Shuttle_Inc." title="Shuttle Inc.">Shuttle Inc.</a> and <a href="/Acer_(company)" title="Acer (company)" class="mw-redirect">AOpen</a> have popularized small cases, for which <a href="/FlexATX" title="FlexATX">FlexATX</a> is the most common motherboard size.</div> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Central_processing_unit">Central processing unit</span></h3> <div class="rellink relarticle mainarticle">Main article: <a href="/Central_processing_unit" title="Central processing unit">Central processing unit</a></div> <div class="thumb tright"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/06/3/4/8/369777032579634.jpg" width="220" height="129" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> <a href="/AMD" title="AMD" class="mw-redirect">AMD</a> <a href="/Athlon_64" title="Athlon 64">Athlon 64</a> <a href="/Central_processing_unit" title="Central processing unit">CPU</a>.</div> </div> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__680" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="680">The central processing unit, or CPU, is that part of a computer which executes software <a href="/Computer_program" title="Computer program">program</a> instructions.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="680"><a href="#citable__680"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>A process is an application program or modular part of a program.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Chapter 5 - Windows NT 4.0 Workstation Architecture</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc749980.aspx">technet.microsoft.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="680"><a href="#citable__680"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Threads are the parts of a process that execute program code.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Chapter 5 - Windows NT 4.0 Workstation Architecture</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc749980.aspx">technet.microsoft.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="680"><a href="#citable__680"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Both of these programs access data over the network (the data is captured & stored on a computer in one part of the building, and accessed via a client computer elsewhere).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Special Report: Running Windows on a Mac with Parallels, Reports and Tips</c_title></em> <c_date>17 September 2009 3:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.macwindows.com/parallels.html">www.macwindows.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__734" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="734">In older computers this circuitry was formerly on several <a href="/Printed_circuit_board" title="Printed circuit board">printed circuit boards</a>, but in PCs is a single integrated circuit.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="734"><a href="#citable__734"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The four generations of computers to this point: 1) electronic vacuum tube; 2) transistorized computers; 3) integrated circuit computers; 4) very-large-scale-integrated computers (VLSI).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://incomphist.blogspot.com/">incomphist.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="734"><a href="#citable__734"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>This new integrated circuit (IC) replaces thousands of transistors with a single silicon chip.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://incomphist.blogspot.com/">incomphist.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="734"><a href="#citable__734"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>NDIS 3.0 allows a single computer to have several network adapter cards installed in it.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Chapter 5 - Windows NT 4.0 Workstation Architecture</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc749980.aspx">technet.microsoft.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__634" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="634">Nearly all PCs contain a type of CPU known as a <a href="/Microprocessor" title="Microprocessor">microprocessor</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="634"><a href="#citable__634"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Where does this leave the PC? I agree that all this horsepower (CPU, Disk, Memory) is unnecessary for simple web browsing, email, and office apps.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">www.blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="634"><a href="#citable__634"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>This is RIDICULOUS! Despite all that, the person at this site who eveluated Windows Vista is correct, although I have always liked both the IBM type PC and the MacIntosh.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Daily Techno-Babble » 4 Reasons Why Windows Vista Is Just Not Worth It</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.dailytechnobabble.com/2006/11/09/4-reasons-why-windows-vista-is-just-not-worth-it/">www.dailytechnobabble.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__169" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="169">The microprocessor often plugs into the motherboard using one of many different types of sockets.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="169"><a href="#citable__169"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Obviously there\’ll be different \”platforms\” to support these different types of use, even by the same user.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">www.blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="169"><a href="#citable__169"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Sure there are many new features implemented into it, but how many of those features do you actually use?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Daily Techno-Babble » 4 Reasons Why Windows Vista Is Just Not Worth It</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.dailytechnobabble.com/2006/11/09/4-reasons-why-windows-vista-is-just-not-worth-it/">www.dailytechnobabble.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="169"><a href="#citable__169"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>NT can communicate with many different types of computers.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0 versus UNIX</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.lege.com/unix-nt/">www.lege.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__590" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="590"><a href="/IBM_PC_compatible" title="IBM PC compatible">IBM PC compatible</a> computers use an <a href="/X86" title="X86">x86</a>-compatible processor, usually made by <a href="/Intel" title="Intel" class="mw-redirect">Intel</a>, <a href="/AMD" title="AMD" class="mw-redirect">AMD</a>, <a href="/VIA_Technologies" title="VIA Technologies">VIA Technologies</a> or <a href="/Transmeta" title="Transmeta">Transmeta</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="590"><a href="#citable__590"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>IBM, part owner of Intel, uses the Intel technology.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://incomphist.blogspot.com/">incomphist.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="590"><a href="#citable__590"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>IBM, Internet Technology, Personal Computing November 14, 2005 12:26 PM .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>patrickWeb</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.patrickweb.com/weblog/categories/personal_computing/index.html">www.patrickweb.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="590"><a href="#citable__590"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>(The EFI chip is what Intel Macs use to boot, as opposed to the BIOS chip of Windows-based PCs.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>MacWindows Report: Boot Camp in Leopard Tips and Reports</c_title></em> <c_date>17 September 2009 3:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.macwindows.com/bootcamp.html">www.macwindows.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__496" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="496">Apple Macintosh computers were initially built with the <a href="/Motorola" title="Motorola">Motorola</a> 680x0 family of processors, then switched to the <a href="/PowerPC" title="PowerPC">PowerPC</a> series (a <a href="/RISC" title="RISC" class="mw-redirect">RISC</a> architecture jointly developed by <a href="/Apple_Computer" title="Apple Computer" class="mw-redirect">Apple Computer</a>, <a href="/IBM" title="IBM">IBM</a> and <a href="/Motorola" title="Motorola">Motorola</a>), but as of 2006, Apple switched again, this time to x86-compatible processors by <a href="/Intel" title="Intel" class="mw-redirect">Intel</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="496"><a href="#citable__496"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The IBM/Motorola PowerPC got left in the dust.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> A Different Kind of Personal Computer ~ Chris Pirillo</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://chris.pirillo.com/a-different-kind-of-personal-computer/">chris.pirillo.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="496"><a href="#citable__496"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>IBM doesn't always call it cloud computing, but they have built the largest clouds on Earth -- in the clouds.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>patrickWeb</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.patrickweb.com/weblog/categories/personal_computing/index.html">www.patrickweb.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="496"><a href="#citable__496"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I first started using Apple computers about 6 months after the Intel MacBook Pro came out.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Special Report: Running Windows on a Mac with Parallels, Reports and Tips</c_title></em> <c_date>17 September 2009 3:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.macwindows.com/parallels.html">www.macwindows.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> Modern CPUs are equipped with a <a href="/Computer_fan" title="Computer fan">fan</a> attached via <a href="/Heat_sink" title="Heat sink">heat sink</a>.<br style="clear:both" /> </div> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Motherboard">Motherboard</span></h3> <div class="rellink relarticle mainarticle">Main article: <a href="/Motherboard" title="Motherboard">Motherboard</a></div> <div class="thumb tright"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/10/1/6/5/18665144035484434.jpg" width="220" height="204" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> <a href="/Asus" title="Asus">Asus</a> <a href="/Motherboard" title="Motherboard">motherboard</a></div> </div> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__4" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="4">The motherboard, also referred to as systemboard or mainboard, is the primary <a href="/Circuit_board" title="Circuit board" class="mw-redirect">circuit board</a> within a personal computer.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="4"><a href="#citable__4"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The term pc will no longer refer to personal computer as it transforms into Personal Content (stand by while I trademark that term and enter myself as the creator in Wikipedia).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">www.blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="4"><a href="#citable__4"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Note : In this book, "local computer" refers to a personal computer with Windows 95 system files installed on the local hard disk; a local computer running Windows 95 can also include networking software.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Windows 95 Setup Overview</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 19:019 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc751081.aspx">technet.microsoft.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> Many other components connect directly or indirectly to the motherboard. <a name="citable__369" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="369">Motherboards usually contain one or more CPUs, supporting circuitry - usually <a href="/Integrated_circuit" title="Integrated circuit">integrated circuits</a> (ICs) - providing the interface between the <a href="/Central_processing_unit" title="Central processing unit">CPU</a> memory and input/output peripheral circuits, main memory, and facilities for initial setup of the computer immediately after power-on (often called boot <a href="/Firmware" title="Firmware">firmware</a> or, in IBM PC compatible computers, a <a href="/BIOS" title="BIOS">BIOS</a>).</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="369"><a href="#citable__369"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>IBM power pc's are good.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Maclive.net:: Windows Vista: First of a Kind Features?</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.maclive.net/sid/134">www.maclive.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="369"><a href="#citable__369"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Desktop improvements make using the PC easier and provide immediate access to the applications and files people use most often through features such as Jumplists, Previews and the new Taskbar.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>News from Microsoft Ireland - Windows Live</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 1:29 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://microsoftireland.spaces.live.com/">microsoftireland.spaces.live.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="369"><a href="#citable__369"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In addition, your target system (the one that needs reinstalling) should support booting from USB. Virtually all modern ones do though.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Roderick van Domburg's Cache » Installing Windows XP from USB</c_title></em> <c_date>11 January 2010 6:35 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.vandomburg.net/installing-windows-xp-from-usb/">www.vandomburg.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__195" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="195">In many portable and embedded personal computers, the motherboard houses nearly all of the PC's core components.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="195"><a href="#citable__195"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The first personal computer (PC), the Linc.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://incomphist.blogspot.com/">incomphist.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="195"><a href="#citable__195"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>On a side note; it should also be considered that the service-delivery model with Web-based access to your content (all of it) actually eliminates the need for a personal computer.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">www.blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="195"><a href="#citable__195"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Which games and programs do you use on a PC (widely misused term since in actual fact, Mac's are personal computers) that aren't available on a Mac at present?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Maclive.net:: Windows Vista: First of a Kind Features?</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.maclive.net/sid/134">www.maclive.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__418" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="418">Often a motherboard will also contain one or more peripheral buses and physical connectors for expansion purposes.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="418"><a href="#citable__418"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>If you had more than one device, then you needed a special box with multiple cable connectors and a switch know and you ended up with a mess of cables.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>patrickWeb</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.patrickweb.com/weblog/categories/personal_computing/index.html">www.patrickweb.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> Sometimes a secondary <a href="/Daughter_board" title="Daughter board" class="mw-redirect">daughter board</a> is connected to the motherboard to provide further expandability or to satisfy space constraints.</div> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Main_memory">Main memory</span></h3> <div class="rellink relarticle mainarticle">Main article: <a href="/Primary_storage" title="Primary storage" class="mw-redirect">Primary storage</a></div> <div class="thumb tright"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/10/1/8/4/40936502358874227.jpg" width="220" height="54" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> 1GB <a href="/DDR_SDRAM" title="DDR SDRAM">DDR SDRAM</a> PC-3200 module</div> </div> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__721" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="721">A PC's main memory is fast storage that is directly accessible by the CPU, and is used to store the currently executing program and immediately needed data.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="721"><a href="#citable__721"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The next problem that needed to be solved was how to share data between users, and how to have a shared corporate data store.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">www.blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="721"><a href="#citable__721"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Where does this leave the PC? I agree that all this horsepower (CPU, Disk, Memory) is unnecessary for simple web browsing, email, and office apps.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">www.blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="721"><a href="#citable__721"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Both of these programs access data over the network (the data is captured & stored on a computer in one part of the building, and accessed via a client computer elsewhere).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Special Report: Running Windows on a Mac with Parallels, Reports and Tips</c_title></em> <c_date>17 September 2009 3:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.macwindows.com/parallels.html">www.macwindows.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__335" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="335">PCs use <a href="/Semiconductor" title="Semiconductor">semiconductor</a> <a href="/Random_access_memory" title="Random access memory" class="mw-redirect">random access memory</a> (RAM) of various kinds such as <a href="/Dynamic_random_access_memory" title="Dynamic random access memory">DRAM</a>, SDRAM or <a href="/Static_random_access_memory" title="Static random access memory">SRAM</a> as their primary storage.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="335"><a href="#citable__335"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Desktop improvements make using the PC easier and provide immediate access to the applications and files people use most often through features such as Jumplists, Previews and the new Taskbar.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>News from Microsoft Ireland - Windows Live</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 1:29 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://microsoftireland.spaces.live.com/">microsoftireland.spaces.live.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="335"><a href="#citable__335"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Another remote access feature worth mentioning is the access to your home PC. Using WHS, you can connect to your computer and fully use the installed applications from your remote location.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Microsoft Windows Home Server - PracticallyNetworked.com</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 1:29 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.practicallynetworked.com/review.asp?pid=694">www.practicallynetworked.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="335"><a href="#citable__335"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Consumers today have access to more digital media and are increasingly using the PC as the hub of their electronic experiences.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>News from Microsoft Ireland - Windows Live</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 1:29 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://microsoftireland.spaces.live.com/">microsoftireland.spaces.live.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> Which exact kind depends on cost/performance issues at any particular time. <a name="citable__81" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="81">Main memory is much faster than mass storage devices like <a href="/Hard_disk" title="Hard disk" class="mw-redirect">hard disks</a> or <a href="/Optical_disc" title="Optical disc">optical discs</a>, but is usually <a href="/Volatile_memory" title="Volatile memory">volatile</a>, meaning it does not retain its contents (instructions or data) in the absence of power, and is much more expensive for a given capacity than is most mass storage.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="81"><a href="#citable__81"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>What does this mean for most users?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Daily Techno-Babble » 4 Reasons Why Windows Vista Is Just Not Worth It</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.dailytechnobabble.com/2006/11/09/4-reasons-why-windows-vista-is-just-not-worth-it/">www.dailytechnobabble.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="81"><a href="#citable__81"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Their systems are so much more expensive than PCs.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> A Different Kind of Personal Computer ~ Chris Pirillo</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://chris.pirillo.com/a-different-kind-of-personal-computer/">chris.pirillo.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="81"><a href="#citable__81"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The more data on the hard disk, the longer maintenanc...</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Free Downloads Encyclopedia - Softpedia</c_title></em> <c_date>11 January 2010 6:35 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://softpedia.com/">softpedia.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__110" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="110">Main memory is generally not suitable for long-term or archival data storage.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="110"><a href="#citable__110"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The more strategic issue is not which suite to use but the long term compatibility of the data -- in other words the format that spreadsheets and other office documents are stored in.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>patrickWeb</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.patrickweb.com/weblog/categories/personal_computing/index.html">www.patrickweb.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Hard_disk">Hard disk</span></h3> <div class="rellink relarticle mainarticle">Main article: <a href="/Hard_disk_drive" title="Hard disk drive">Hard disk drive</a></div> <div class="thumb tright"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/05/1/4/7/52356412562507286.jpg" width="220" height="147" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> A <a href="/Western_Digital" title="Western Digital">Western Digital</a> 250 GB <a href="/Hard_disk_drive" title="Hard disk drive">hard disk drive</a>.</div> </div> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__578" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="578">Mass storage devices store programs and data even when the power is off; they do require power to perform read and write functions during usage.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="578"><a href="#citable__578"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Start PE Builder from the Start Menu.’, launching the application gives the message ‘Sorry, this program requires administrator privileges’, even though it installed with no problems.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Roderick van Domburg's Cache » Installing Windows XP from USB</c_title></em> <c_date>11 January 2010 6:35 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.vandomburg.net/installing-windows-xp-from-usb/">www.vandomburg.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="578"><a href="#citable__578"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Both of these programs access data over the network (the data is captured & stored on a computer in one part of the building, and accessed via a client computer elsewhere).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Special Report: Running Windows on a Mac with Parallels, Reports and Tips</c_title></em> <c_date>17 September 2009 3:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.macwindows.com/parallels.html">www.macwindows.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="578"><a href="#citable__578"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Instead of reading and writing directly to the disk, frequently used files are temporarily stored in a cache in memory, and reads and writes to those files are performed in memory.Cache Manager uses a file-mapping model that is closely integrated with Windows NT Virtual Memory Manager.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Chapter 5 - Windows NT 4.0 Workstation Architecture</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc749980.aspx">technet.microsoft.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__303" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="303">Although <a href="/Flash_memory" title="Flash memory">flash memory</a> has dropped in cost, the prevailing form of mass storage in personal computers is still the <a href="/Hard_disk" title="Hard disk" class="mw-redirect">hard disk</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="303"><a href="#citable__303"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>On a computer with a local hard disk, with system files stored on and running from the server .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Windows 95 Setup Overview</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 19:019 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc751081.aspx">technet.microsoft.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="303"><a href="#citable__303"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The following table describes the basic hardware requirements for running Windows 95 from the hard disk of a local computer.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Windows 95 Setup Overview</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 19:019 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc751081.aspx">technet.microsoft.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="303"><a href="#citable__303"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I tried to fix the problem via the DVD Disk Utility; this solved the problem with hard disk, though Boot Camp would still not run the partitioning.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>MacWindows Report: Boot Camp in Leopard Tips and Reports</c_title></em> <c_date>17 September 2009 3:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.macwindows.com/bootcamp.html">www.macwindows.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__483" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="483">The disk drives use a sealed head/disk assembly (HDA) which was first introduced by IBM's "Winchester" disk system.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="483"><a href="#citable__483"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>IBM introduces the first floppy disk drive and sets the 8" floppy-disk standard.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://incomphist.blogspot.com/">incomphist.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="483"><a href="#citable__483"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>On a computer with only a floppy disk drive, with system files stored on and running from the server .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Windows 95 Setup Overview</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 19:019 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc751081.aspx">technet.microsoft.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="483"><a href="#citable__483"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Games have always been the driving force for bigger disks, faster processors, and better operating systems.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">www.blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__608" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="608">The use of a sealed assembly allowed the use of positive air pressure to drive out particles from the surface of the disk, which improves reliability.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="608"><a href="#citable__608"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Using this switch allows you to create the floppy disks without installing Windows NT. Use the /OX switch to create a set of boot floppy disks to perform a CD-ROM or floppy disk installation.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows NT</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows_nt.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="608"><a href="#citable__608"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Is it practical to use Disk Administrator to change the drive letter to something like X so it appears more out of the way in Windows NT Explorer?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows NT</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows_nt.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="608"><a href="#citable__608"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Both Winnt.exe and Winnt32.exe allow you to create boot floppy disks for installing Windows NT or for using the emergency repair disk.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows NT</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows_nt.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__419" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="419">If the mass storage controller provides for expandability, a PC may also be upgraded by the addition of extra hard disk or <a href="/Optical_disc_drive" title="Optical disc drive">optical disc drives</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="419"><a href="#citable__419"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Setup can search automatically for all basic system components such as disk drives and controllers, display devices, pointing devices, and keyboards.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Windows 95 Setup Overview</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 19:019 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc751081.aspx">technet.microsoft.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="419"><a href="#citable__419"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>NT provides an option that allows you to control the amount of disk space allocated for deleted files.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows NT</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows_nt.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="419"><a href="#citable__419"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Microsoft has announced, however, that its not yet released NT Server 5.0 will provide "new storage management features such as disk quotas .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0 versus UNIX</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.lege.com/unix-nt/">www.lege.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__14" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="14">For example, <a href="/BluRay" title="BluRay" class="mw-redirect">BD-ROMs</a>, <a href="/DVD-RW" title="DVD-RW">DVD-RWs</a>, and various optical disc recorders may all be added by the user to certain PCs.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="14"><a href="#citable__14"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>That may sound nutty, but people do this all the time today with high end video gaming PC’s.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="14"><a href="#citable__14"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Adding a non-USB peripheral device to a PC can be a non-trivial task that requires a lot of technical savvy and a certain amount of luck.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>patrickWeb</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.patrickweb.com/weblog/categories/personal_computing/index.html">www.patrickweb.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="14"><a href="#citable__14"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>For example, general industry practice may differ from what is in the specification or users may have made clear that they need something different.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>News from Microsoft Ireland - Windows Live</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 1:29 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://microsoftireland.spaces.live.com/">microsoftireland.spaces.live.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> Standard internal storage device connection interfaces are <a href="/Parallel" title="Parallel">PATA</a>, <a href="/Serial_ATA" title="Serial ATA">Serial ATA</a>, <a href="/SCSI" title="SCSI">SCSI</a></div> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Video_card">Video card</span></h3> <div class="rellink relarticle mainarticle">Main article: <a href="/Video_card" title="Video card">Video card</a></div> <div class="thumb tright"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/02/3/8/5/6925198378960181.jpg" width="220" height="141" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> <a href="/ATI_Technologies" title="ATI Technologies">ATI</a> <a href="/Radeon" title="Radeon">Radeon</a> <a href="/Video_card" title="Video card">video card</a></div> </div> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__664" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="664">The <a href="/Video_card" title="Video card">video card</a> - otherwise called a graphics card, graphics adapter or video adapter - processes and renders the graphics output from the computer to the <a href="/Computer_display" title="Computer display" class="mw-redirect">computer display</a>, and is an essential part of the modern computer.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="664"><a href="#citable__664"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The graphics display drivers, printer drivers, multimedia drivers, and video display drivers were part of the Win32 subsystem and ran in user mode.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Chapter 5 - Windows NT 4.0 Workstation Architecture</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc749980.aspx">technet.microsoft.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="664"><a href="#citable__664"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Ah, the delicious irony… Claiming that you can’t add a new video card to a Mac while calling Mac users clueless :-) .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> A Different Kind of Personal Computer ~ Chris Pirillo</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://chris.pirillo.com/a-different-kind-of-personal-computer/">chris.pirillo.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="664"><a href="#citable__664"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>GDI interprets application requests for graphic output and sends them to graphics display drivers en route to the hardware.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Chapter 5 - Windows NT 4.0 Workstation Architecture</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc749980.aspx">technet.microsoft.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__416" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="416">On older models, and today on budget models, graphics circuitry tended to be integrated with the motherboard but, for modern flexible machines, they are supplied in <a href="/Peripheral_Component_Interconnect" title="Peripheral Component Interconnect" class="mw-redirect">PCI</a>, <a href="/Accelerated_Graphics_Port" title="Accelerated Graphics Port">AGP</a>, or <a href="/PCI_Express" title="PCI Express">PCI Express</a> format.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="416"><a href="#citable__416"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I have a 5 year old G4 Sawtooth AGP that has just been upped to a 1ghz G4 w/2gb ram, and turned it into a modern Machine.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Longhorn Gets a Name: Windows Vista | Betanews</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.betanews.com/article/Longhorn-Gets-a-Name-Windows-Vista/1122002477">www.betanews.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__61" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="61">When the IBM PC was introduced, most existing business-oriented personal computers used text-only display adapters and had no graphics capability.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="61"><a href="#citable__61"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The first personal computer (PC), the Linc.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://incomphist.blogspot.com/">incomphist.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="61"><a href="#citable__61"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The personal pc reduced the market friction of using computers to do tasks.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">www.blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="61"><a href="#citable__61"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>IBM, Internet Technology, Personal Computing November 14, 2005 12:26 PM .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>patrickWeb</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.patrickweb.com/weblog/categories/personal_computing/index.html">www.patrickweb.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__24" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="24">Home computers at that time had graphics compatible with television signals, but with low resolution by modern standards owing to the limited memory available to the eight-bit processors available at the time.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="24"><a href="#citable__24"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Because virtual memory is limited only by the number of unique addresses, 32-bit addressing allows four billion bytes (4 gigabytes) of address space.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Chapter 5 - Windows NT 4.0 Workstation Architecture</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc749980.aspx">technet.microsoft.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="24"><a href="#citable__24"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>This single process is multitasking—that is, on a multiprocessor computer, one of the 16-bit processes in the NTVDM can run at the same time as threads of other processes.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Chapter 5 - Windows NT 4.0 Workstation Architecture</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc749980.aspx">technet.microsoft.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="24"><a href="#citable__24"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>These have been converted to 32-bit data structures, so 2 GB of virtual memory is available to all processes.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Chapter 5 - Windows NT 4.0 Workstation Architecture</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc749980.aspx">technet.microsoft.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Visual_display_unit">Visual display unit</span></h3> <div class="rellink relarticle mainarticle">Main article: <a href="/Visual_display_unit" title="Visual display unit" class="mw-redirect">Visual display unit</a></div> <div class="thumb tright"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/05/3/3/2/2928705297975880.png" width="220" height="189" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> A flat-panel <a href="/LCD_monitor" title="LCD monitor" class="mw-redirect">LCD monitor</a>.</div> </div> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__8" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="8">A visual display unit (or monitor) is a piece of <a href="/Electrical_equipment" title="Electrical equipment">electrical equipment</a>, usually separate from the computer case, which displays viewable <a href="/Image" title="Image">images</a> generated by a <a href="/Computer" title="Computer">computer</a> without producing a permanent record.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="8"><a href="#citable__8"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Graphics Device Interface (GDI), also called the g raphics engine , consists of functions in Win32k.sys that display graphics on the computer monitor and printers.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Chapter 5 - Windows NT 4.0 Workstation Architecture</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc749980.aspx">technet.microsoft.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="8"><a href="#citable__8"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Without the separator, 10 AM is displayed as 1000, not 10:00, and 1 PM is displayed as 1300 rather than 13:00.  .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows NT</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows_nt.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="8"><a href="#citable__8"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I also advise people accordingly, if the don't know shit about computers i usually advise mac's except for the cases where budget is the main word in their vocabulary.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Maclive.net:: Windows Vista: First of a Kind Features?</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.maclive.net/sid/134">www.maclive.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__140" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="140">The word "monitor" is used in other contexts; in particular in <a href="/Television_broadcasting" title="Television broadcasting" class="mw-redirect">television broadcasting</a>, where a <a href="/Television" title="Television">television</a> picture is displayed to a high standard.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="140"><a href="#citable__140"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Two of the other three were being used by customers who were sorting through the pages of pictures to pick the ones they wanted to print.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>patrickWeb</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.patrickweb.com/weblog/categories/personal_computing/index.html">www.patrickweb.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="140"><a href="#citable__140"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>THE NEXT BIG THING. The Core on the other hand should provide good hooks and gatways for devlopers on a broad basis using standard protocols!</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Maclive.net:: Windows Vista: First of a Kind Features?</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.maclive.net/sid/134">www.maclive.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="140"><a href="#citable__140"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>DLL files that display icons other than the default contain icons you may want to use.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows NT</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows_nt.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__593" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="593">A computer display device is usually either a <a href="/Cathode_ray_tube" title="Cathode ray tube">cathode ray tube</a> or some form of flat panel such as a <a href="/TFT_LCD" title="TFT LCD">TFT LCD</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="593"><a href="#citable__593"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The cathode ray tube (CRT).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://incomphist.blogspot.com/">incomphist.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="593"><a href="#citable__593"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Setup can search automatically for all basic system components such as disk drives and controllers, display devices, pointing devices, and keyboards.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Windows 95 Setup Overview</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 19:019 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc751081.aspx">technet.microsoft.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="593"><a href="#citable__593"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Lenovo, China’s biggest personal-computer maker have been at CES 2010 over the last few days and have revealed some interesting devices.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows 7 News</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 1:29 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://windows7news.com/">windows7news.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__201" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="201">The monitor comprises the display device, <a href="/Electronic_circuit" title="Electronic circuit">circuitry</a> to generate a picture from <a href="/Electronics" title="Electronics">electronic</a> <a href="/Signal_(electrical_engineering)" title="Signal (electrical engineering)" class="mw-redirect">signals</a> sent by the computer, and an <a href="/Enclosure_(electrical)" title="Enclosure (electrical)">enclosure</a> or case.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="201"><a href="#citable__201"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In Radio Electronics Magazine Don Lancaster publishes plans for a generalized TV Typewriter that will actually display letters and numbers on a television screen.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://incomphist.blogspot.com/">incomphist.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="201"><a href="#citable__201"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The four generations of computers to this point: 1) electronic vacuum tube; 2) transistorized computers; 3) integrated circuit computers; 4) very-large-scale-integrated computers (VLSI).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://incomphist.blogspot.com/">incomphist.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="201"><a href="#citable__201"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Graphics Device Interface (GDI), also called the g raphics engine , consists of functions in Win32k.sys that display graphics on the computer monitor and printers.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Chapter 5 - Windows NT 4.0 Workstation Architecture</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc749980.aspx">technet.microsoft.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__288" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="288">Within the computer, either as an integral part or a plugged-in <a href="/Expansion_card" title="Expansion card">Expansion card</a>, there is circuitry to convert internal <a href="/Data_(computing)" title="Data (computing)">data</a> to a format compatible with a monitor.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="288"><a href="#citable__288"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>We found that part of the problem was that the text format might look different on your computer than on ours.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows NT</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows_nt.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="288"><a href="#citable__288"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Will convert DjVu files to PDF format within two...</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Free Downloads Encyclopedia - Softpedia</c_title></em> <c_date>11 January 2010 6:35 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://softpedia.com/">softpedia.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="288"><a href="#citable__288"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Both of these programs access data over the network (the data is captured & stored on a computer in one part of the building, and accessed via a client computer elsewhere).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Special Report: Running Windows on a Mac with Parallels, Reports and Tips</c_title></em> <c_date>17 September 2009 3:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.macwindows.com/parallels.html">www.macwindows.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__512" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="512">The images from monitors originally contained only text, but as <a href="/Graphical_user_interface" title="Graphical user interface">Graphical user interfaces</a> emerged and became common, they began to display more images and multimedia content.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="512"><a href="#citable__512"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Content may contain URLs that were valid when originally published, but now link to sites or pages that no longer exist.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Windows 95 Setup Overview</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 19:019 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc751081.aspx">technet.microsoft.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="512"><a href="#citable__512"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Out-of-home advertising otherwise known as digital signage delivers content and messages that are displayed on digital signs with a common goal of delivering targeted messages to specific locations at specific times.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows 7 News</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 1:29 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://windows7news.com/">windows7news.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="512"><a href="#citable__512"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The general consensus among IT professionals is, however, that Linux and FreeBSD greatly outperform NT. Considering that these UNIX kernels are custom-compiled to contain only the software actually required by the administrator, Linux and FreeBSD can function more efficiently than NT. Inherently, any operating system requiring fewer resources will outperform a more bloated operating system like NT. UNIX does not require a graphical user interface to function.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0 versus UNIX</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.lege.com/unix-nt/">www.lege.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Keyboard">Keyboard</span></h3> <div class="rellink relarticle mainarticle">Main article: <a href="/Keyboard_(computing)" title="Keyboard (computing)">Keyboard (computing)</a></div> <div class="thumb tright"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/08/2/6/2/4209041705092687.jpg" width="220" height="92" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> A computer keyboard</div> </div> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block">In computing, a <a href="/Keyboard_(computing)" title="Keyboard (computing)">keyboard</a> is an arrangement of buttons that each correspond to a function, letter, or number. <a name="citable__461" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="461">They are the primary devices of inputing text.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="461"><a href="#citable__461"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Will gaming consoles replace PCs in the home, not just for gaming as they have done already, but also as the primary home device for all things graphical ?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">www.blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__462" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="462">In most cases, they contain an array of keys specifically organized with the corresponding letters, numbers, and functions printed or engraved on the button.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="462"><a href="#citable__462"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>They said they input data and the computer printed out a number computing the data.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Maclive.net:: Windows Vista: First of a Kind Features?</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.maclive.net/sid/134">www.maclive.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="462"><a href="#citable__462"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I believe in most all cases where someone got bricked it was because they had tampered with the iPhone or somehow bypassed AT&T and enabled the phone to work with T-Mobile or someone else.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>patrickWeb</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.patrickweb.com/weblog/categories/personal_computing/index.html">www.patrickweb.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="462"><a href="#citable__462"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The problem is that most laser printers require a form feed signal before they start printing.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows NT</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows_nt.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__68" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="68">They are generally designed around an operators language, and many different versions for different languages exist.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="68"><a href="#citable__68"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>For example, general industry practice may differ from what is in the specification or users may have made clear that they need something different.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>News from Microsoft Ireland - Windows Live</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 1:29 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://microsoftireland.spaces.live.com/">microsoftireland.spaces.live.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="68"><a href="#citable__68"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>You must install the retail version of Windows 95 as an upgrade over an existing operating system.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Windows 95 Setup Overview</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 19:019 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc751081.aspx">technet.microsoft.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="68"><a href="#citable__68"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Many iPhone users are going to Hackintosh for instructions on how to downgrade their iPhone to the prior version of firmware so they can reinstall the third party software.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>patrickWeb</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.patrickweb.com/weblog/categories/personal_computing/index.html">www.patrickweb.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> In English, the most common layout is the <a href="/QWERTY" title="QWERTY">QWERTY</a> layout, which was originally used in <a href="/Typewriter" title="Typewriter">typewriters</a>. <a name="citable__178" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="178">They have evolved over time, and have been modified for use in computers with the addition of function keys, number keys, arrow keys, and OS specific keys.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="178"><a href="#citable__178"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I have used windows computers for several years and I think they are just not that good as my powerbook.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Maclive.net:: Windows Vista: First of a Kind Features?</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.maclive.net/sid/134">www.maclive.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="178"><a href="#citable__178"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>One at a time, press the arrow keys corresponding to the sides that meet in that corner.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows 95</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 19:019 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows95_tips.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="178"><a href="#citable__178"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>When you use Regedit32, you can only search for a key and can only search one hive at a time.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows NT</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows_nt.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__285" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="285">Often, specific functions can be achieved by pressing multiple keys at once or in succession, such as inputing characters with accents or opening a task manager.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="285"><a href="#citable__285"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>With the application loaded, press Ctrl-Shift-Esc to open Task Manager.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows NT</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows_nt.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="285"><a href="#citable__285"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Here one sees that successful marketing can often distract customers from considering their need for functionality.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0 versus UNIX</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.lege.com/unix-nt/">www.lege.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="285"><a href="#citable__285"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>"Is it possible to make a Windows 95 hotkey or a macro that will allow you to insert your name and address into any application by pressing a key, such as F7?"</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows 95</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 19:019 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows95_tips.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__614" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="614">Programs use keyboard shotcuts very differently and all use different keyboard shortcuts for different program specific operations, such as refreshing a <a href="/Web_page" title="Web page">web page</a> in a <a href="/Web_browser" title="Web browser">web browser</a> or selecting all text in a word processor.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="614"><a href="#citable__614"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>On the Keyboard tab, select Use StickyKeys.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows 95</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 19:019 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows95_tips.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="614"><a href="#citable__614"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Therefore, code operating in this system must be reentrant , that is, able to be interrupted and resume unharmed and be shared by different threads executing different lines of the same code on different processors.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Chapter 5 - Windows NT 4.0 Workstation Architecture</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc749980.aspx">technet.microsoft.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="614"><a href="#citable__614"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In our last tip, we mentioned that you can insert blocks of text, such as your name and address, into any application at the press of a key using the shareware program Perfect Keyboard 98 Pro.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows 95</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 19:019 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows95_tips.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Mouse">Mouse</span></h3> <div class="rellink relarticle mainarticle">Main article: <a href="/Mouse_(computing)" title="Mouse (computing)">Mouse (computing)</a></div> <div class="thumb tright"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:162px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/1/2/9/0219692935486556.jpg" width="160" height="120" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> <a href="/Apple_Mighty_Mouse" title="Apple Mighty Mouse">Apple Mighty Mouse</a> that detects the right and left clicks through what appears to be one large button.</div> </div> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__103" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="103">A <a href="/Mouse_(computing)" title="Mouse (computing)">Mouse</a> on a computer is a small, slidable device that users hold and slide around to point at, click on, and sometimes drag objects on screen in a graphical user interface using a pointer on screen.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="103"><a href="#citable__103"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>CDE (Common Desktop Environment) is a GUI desktop (Graphical User Interface: you use a mouse to point and click, or drag and drop on a colorful "desktop"; this is the basis for Microsoft's success.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0 versus UNIX</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.lege.com/unix-nt/">www.lege.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="103"><a href="#citable__103"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Right-mouse-click an item you'd like to relocate, then drag it up or down the list until the horizontal black line appears in the desired location.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows 95</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 19:019 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows95_tips.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="103"><a href="#citable__103"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Win32 user-mode device drivers, including graphics display and printer drivers, have also been moved to the Executive.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Chapter 5 - Windows NT 4.0 Workstation Architecture</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc749980.aspx">technet.microsoft.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__222" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="222">Almost all Personal Computers have mice.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="222"><a href="#citable__222"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>On a side note; it should also be considered that the service-delivery model with Web-based access to your content (all of it) actually eliminates the need for a personal computer.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">www.blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="222"><a href="#citable__222"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>For truly personal or private content, all we need are thumb-drives (like we all have right now) that plug in to every devicewhether computer, phone, PDA, or iPod.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">www.blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="222"><a href="#citable__222"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I learned about computers fresh out of HS from IBM on S360/S370/System-3 and 4033, and the smaller or personal ones after that, in all sizes and flavours.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Maclive.net:: Windows Vista: First of a Kind Features?</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.maclive.net/sid/134">www.maclive.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__498" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="498">It may be plugged into a computer's rear mouse socket, or as a <a href="/USB" title="USB" class="mw-redirect">USB</a> device, or, more recently, may be connected wirelessly via a USB antenna or Bluetooth antenna.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="498"><a href="#citable__498"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Carol Prentice learned of a fix for the problem of Parallels Desktop Build 3188 freezing when a USB device is connected : .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Special Report: Running Windows on a Mac with Parallels, Reports and Tips</c_title></em> <c_date>17 September 2009 3:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.macwindows.com/parallels.html">www.macwindows.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="498"><a href="#citable__498"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Parallels 3188 build freezes when connecting USB devices .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Special Report: Running Windows on a Mac with Parallels, Reports and Tips</c_title></em> <c_date>17 September 2009 3:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.macwindows.com/parallels.html">www.macwindows.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="498"><a href="#citable__498"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It is a cousin to the ThinkPad keyboard and connects to your PC via a USB cable.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>patrickWeb</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.patrickweb.com/weblog/categories/personal_computing/index.html">www.patrickweb.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__423" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="423">In the past, they had a single button that users could press down on the device to "click" on whatever the pointer on the screen was hovering over.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="423"><a href="#citable__423"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>You could right-click the folder, then drag down the context menu and select Explore.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows 95</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 19:019 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows95_tips.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="423"><a href="#citable__423"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>To move the Taskbar to another side of the screen, press M, then use your cursor keys to move your mouse pointer toward the desired location.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows 95</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 19:019 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows95_tips.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="423"><a href="#citable__423"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>(Another tip-in-a-tip: Hold down Alt as you press Print Screen to send only the currently active window to the Clipboard.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows 95</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 19:019 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows95_tips.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__275" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="275">Now, however, many Mice have two or three buttons(possibly <em>more</em>); a "right click" function button on the mouse, which performs a secondary action on a selected object, and a scroll wheel, which users can rotate using their fingers to "scroll" up or down.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="275"><a href="#citable__275"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>One, right-click the Start button and select Open.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows 95</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 19:019 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows95_tips.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="275"><a href="#citable__275"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Right-click the desktop and select Properties.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows 95</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 19:019 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows95_tips.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="275"><a href="#citable__275"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Right-mouse-click it, select Properties, and click the Shortcut tab.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows 95</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 19:019 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows95_tips.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__230" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="230">The scroll wheel can also be pressed down, and therefore be used as a third button.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="230"><a href="#citable__230"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Don't panic, just keep holding down that mouse button and press Esc to cancel the move (or copy).Nowrelease the mouse button .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows NT</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows_nt.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="230"><a href="#citable__230"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>To resize the Taskbar, press S, then use the up or down cursor keys to move the double-pointed arrow up or down.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows 95</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 19:019 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows95_tips.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="230"><a href="#citable__230"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>But sometimes it just freezes and I have to use the on/ off button to shut it down and start it back up.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>MacWindows Report: Boot Camp in Leopard Tips and Reports</c_title></em> <c_date>17 September 2009 3:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.macwindows.com/bootcamp.html">www.macwindows.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> Some mouse wheels may be <em>tilted</em> from side to side to allow sideways scrolling. <a name="citable__104" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="104">Different programs make use of these functions differently, and may scroll horizontally by default with the scroll wheel, open different menus with different buttons, among others.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="104"><a href="#citable__104"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>(Note: The program in which you want to use the picture may offer better tools than Paint for cropping, cutting and reducing the image.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows 95</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 19:019 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows95_tips.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="104"><a href="#citable__104"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Obviously there\’ll be different \”platforms\” to support these different types of use, even by the same user.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">www.blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="104"><a href="#citable__104"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>If not, would it be possible to use Ctrl to load a program?"You can assign function keys to programs.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows NT</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows_nt.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__141" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="141">These functions may be user defined through software utilities.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="141"><a href="#citable__141"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Macintosh users have the spirt to unite, as one with a GREAT OS. They want an OS they can safely use and that has been shown through these hackers work.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Maclive.net:: Windows Vista: First of a Kind Features?</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.maclive.net/sid/134">www.maclive.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="141"><a href="#citable__141"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>A wizard guides the user through migrating the entire PC environment into Parallels Desktop running on the Mac, and the software does the work.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Special Report: Running Windows on a Mac with Parallels, Reports and Tips</c_title></em> <c_date>17 September 2009 3:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.macwindows.com/parallels.html">www.macwindows.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="141"><a href="#citable__141"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>These enhancements will improve business communications through a unified infrastructure and user experience.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>News from Microsoft Ireland - Windows Live</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 1:29 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://microsoftireland.spaces.live.com/">microsoftireland.spaces.live.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__306" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="306">Mice traditionally detected movement and communicated with the computer with an internal "mouse ball"; and used optical <a href="/Encoders" title="Encoders" class="mw-redirect">encoders</a> to detect rotation of the ball and tell the computer where the mouse has moved.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="306"><a href="#citable__306"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>To move the Taskbar to another side of the screen, press M, then use your cursor keys to move your mouse pointer toward the desired location.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows 95</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 19:019 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows95_tips.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="306"><a href="#citable__306"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Say you're using the mouse to drag an object from one place to another when you realize you don't want to make that move at all.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows NT</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows_nt.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="306"><a href="#citable__306"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>So when I use the computer, I have to click Start, then choose Settings, Control Panel, open Mouse, and so forth, just to set the speed where I can use it.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows NT</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows_nt.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__673" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="673">However, these systems were subject to low durability, accuracy and required internal cleaning.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="673"><a href="#citable__673"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Together, these routines can help ensure that your system is running clean and strong.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows 95</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 19:019 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows95_tips.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="673"><a href="#citable__673"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The new file system, NTFS, supports these POSIX requirements.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Chapter 5 - Windows NT 4.0 Workstation Architecture</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc749980.aspx">technet.microsoft.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__567" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="567">Modern mice use optical technology to directly trace movement of the surface under the mouse and are much more accurate, durable and almost maintenace free.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="567"><a href="#citable__567"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I almost switched to an iBook in 2004 but good thing I waited for Tiger, now there is much more worthwhile things to wait for, I think.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Maclive.net:: Windows Vista: First of a Kind Features?</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.maclive.net/sid/134">www.maclive.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="567"><a href="#citable__567"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I use Linux and now Mac OSX along with XP and Vista and to be honest I find Mac OSX and Linux much more reliable the windows and the only reason I need windows is for gaming.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Daily Techno-Babble » 4 Reasons Why Windows Vista Is Just Not Worth It</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.dailytechnobabble.com/2006/11/09/4-reasons-why-windows-vista-is-just-not-worth-it/">www.dailytechnobabble.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="567"><a href="#citable__567"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>They think that the system is more secure, when in reality it doesn't get as much diversified use.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Maclive.net:: Windows Vista: First of a Kind Features?</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.maclive.net/sid/134">www.maclive.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__623" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="623">They work on a wider variety of surfaces and can even operate on walls, ceilings or other non-horizontal surfaces.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="623"><a href="#citable__623"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Technically, Windows NT Server 4.0 is no match for any UNIX operating system, not even the non-commercial BSDs or Linux.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0 versus UNIX</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.lege.com/unix-nt/">www.lege.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="623"><a href="#citable__623"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>OCS helps businesses to reduce operational costs such as travel and telephony, while enabling colleagues to connect and work together wherever they are.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>News from Microsoft Ireland - Windows Live</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 1:29 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://microsoftireland.spaces.live.com/">microsoftireland.spaces.live.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="623"><a href="#citable__623"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>We want young people to be aware that the information which they share with others may actually be accessed by a wider audience and viewed by people who are not necessarily friends.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>News from Microsoft Ireland - Windows Live</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 1:29 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://microsoftireland.spaces.live.com/">microsoftireland.spaces.live.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Other_components">Other components</span></h3> <div class="thumb tright"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:202px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/1/4/8/33872691810264821.jpg" width="200" height="301" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <a name="citable__482" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="482"><div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> Proper ergonomic design of personal computer workplace is necessary to prevent repetitive strain injuries, which can develop over time and can lead to long-term disability.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="482"><a href="#citable__482"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The French government establishes a World Center for Personal Computing and Human Development to help the Third World take a shortcut into the information age.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://incomphist.blogspot.com/">incomphist.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="482"><a href="#citable__482"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It’s time the computer became personal again and working for you, not wasting your time.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Daily Techno-Babble » 4 Reasons Why Windows Vista Is Just Not Worth It</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.dailytechnobabble.com/2006/11/09/4-reasons-why-windows-vista-is-just-not-worth-it/">www.dailytechnobabble.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="482"><a href="#citable__482"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I believe that this bifurcation of personal/home computing into light and heavy resource consuming applications, will lead to a dramatic change in the technology industry.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">www.blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_25" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-25"><span>[</span>26<span>]</span></a></sup></div> </div> </div> <dl> <dt>Mass storage</dt> </dl> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__740" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="740">All computers require either fixed or removable storage for their operating system, programs and user generated material.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="740"><a href="#citable__740"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It was either this, or remove the video all together.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Maclive.net:: Windows Vista: First of a Kind Features?</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.maclive.net/sid/134">www.maclive.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="740"><a href="#citable__740"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Multi-user systems are all the rage.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://incomphist.blogspot.com/">incomphist.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="740"><a href="#citable__740"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Extensibility refers to the modular design of Windows NT, which, as described in the next section, allows Microsoft to add new modules to all levels of the operating system.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Chapter 5 - Windows NT 4.0 Workstation Architecture</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc749980.aspx">technet.microsoft.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <br /> <a name="citable__36" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="36">Formerly the 5 1/4 inch and 3 1/2 inch <a href="/Floppy_drive" title="Floppy drive" class="mw-redirect">floppy drive</a> were the principal forms of removable storage for backup of user files and distribution of software.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="36"><a href="#citable__36"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Remove the floppy and let the user take over.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows NT</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows_nt.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="36"><a href="#citable__36"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Files and folders that are located on the drives you want to remove are automatically moved to other drives in the pool.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Microsoft Windows Home Server - PracticallyNetworked.com</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 1:29 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.practicallynetworked.com/review.asp?pid=694">www.practicallynetworked.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="36"><a href="#citable__36"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Shugart, introduces the 5 1/4 inch floppy-disk drive.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://incomphist.blogspot.com/">incomphist.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__67" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="67">As memory sizes increased, the capacity of the floppy did not keep pace; the <a href="/Zip_drive" title="Zip drive" class="mw-redirect">Zip drive</a> and other higher-capacity removable media were introduced but never became as prevalent as the floppy drive.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="67"><a href="#citable__67"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>For example, if you have a Zip drive (or some other large removable disk drive), you can put your emergency files there.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows NT</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows_nt.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="67"><a href="#citable__67"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Cache Manager can dynamically increase and decrease the size of the cache as the amount of available physical memory varies.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Chapter 5 - Windows NT 4.0 Workstation Architecture</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc749980.aspx">technet.microsoft.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="67"><a href="#citable__67"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>On the other hand, if you try to use this drag-and-drop technique to copy an item to another drive (for example, to a floppy or another drive on your system), Windows will automatically COPY that item.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows 95</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 19:019 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows95_tips.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__57" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="57">By the late 1990s the <a href="/Optical_drive" title="Optical drive" class="mw-redirect">optical drive</a>, in <a href="/CD" title="CD" class="mw-redirect">CD</a> and later <a href="/DVD" title="DVD">DVD</a> and <a href="/Blu-ray_Disc" title="Blu-ray Disc">Blu-ray Disc</a>, became the main method for software distribution, and writeable media provided backup and file interchange.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="57"><a href="#citable__57"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>If the Xbox had a built-in HD-DVD / Blu-Ray combo drive and Cable Card support, they’d have the ultimate home entertainment device.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> A Different Kind of Personal Computer ~ Chris Pirillo</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://chris.pirillo.com/a-different-kind-of-personal-computer/">chris.pirillo.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="57"><a href="#citable__57"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The ability to use two identical CD/DVD drives in a virtual machine.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Special Report: Running Windows on a Mac with Parallels, Reports and Tips</c_title></em> <c_date>17 September 2009 3:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.macwindows.com/parallels.html">www.macwindows.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="57"><a href="#citable__57"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Then I figured out the hurdle: I had to right-click the DVD drive in Vista, and choose Show Windows Files rather than Show Mac Files.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>MacWindows Report: Boot Camp in Leopard Tips and Reports</c_title></em> <c_date>17 September 2009 3:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.macwindows.com/bootcamp.html">www.macwindows.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__242" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="242">Floppy drives have become uncommon in desktop personal computers since about 2000, and were dropped from many laptop systems even earlier.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="242"><a href="#citable__242"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Note: Some floppy disk drives detect the 720KB floppy disk and refuse to format it to 1.44MB. Other drives don't perform the detection and attempt to format the floppy to 1.44MB even though the format results in many disk errors.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows NT</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows_nt.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="242"><a href="#citable__242"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I don’t have USB optical drives, nor USB floppy drives… I hate laptops lol, so why I have these!</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Roderick van Domburg's Cache » Installing Windows XP from USB</c_title></em> <c_date>11 January 2010 6:35 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.vandomburg.net/installing-windows-xp-from-usb/">www.vandomburg.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="242"><a href="#citable__242"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>A Windows 95 system shutdown closes the registry, and drops you back to a DOS session, but displays a graphics message for you to turn off your computer.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows 95</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 19:019 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows95_tips.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_26" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-26"><span>[</span>27<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__74" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="74">Early <a href="/Home_computer" title="Home computer">home computers</a> used <a href="/Compact_Cassette" title="Compact Cassette">compact audio cassettes</a> for file storage; these were at the time a very low cost storage solution, but were displaced by floppy disk drives when manufacturing costs dropped, by the mid 1980s.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="74"><a href="#citable__74"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>You can also restore specific lost or corrupted files, rather than a full volume to a PC by accessing the Home Server Console and dragging and dropping files, as you would using your standard Explorer window interface.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Microsoft Windows Home Server - PracticallyNetworked.com</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 1:29 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.practicallynetworked.com/review.asp?pid=694">www.practicallynetworked.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="74"><a href="#citable__74"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>If you've ever used the Send To list (right-click the desktop, select Send To, and so on) to send items to a floppy disk or other location, then you know how handy this command is.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows 95</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 19:019 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows95_tips.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="74"><a href="#citable__74"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>To do this, boot your computer from a Windows 95 bootable floppy disk and use the SYS command as described above.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows NT</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows_nt.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__58" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="58">A second generation of tape recorders was provided when <a href="/Videocassette_recorder" title="Videocassette recorder">Videocassette recorders</a> were pressed into service as backup media for larger disk drives.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="58"><a href="#citable__58"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It provides services to both kernel and user mode for validating access to objects, checking user privileges, and generating audit messages.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Chapter 5 - Windows NT 4.0 Workstation Architecture</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc749980.aspx">technet.microsoft.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="58"><a href="#citable__58"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Put a blank disk or one you don't need into drive A. Open My Computer and then right-click the Floppy A icon.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows NT</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows_nt.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="58"><a href="#citable__58"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Next, insert a floppy disk into Drive A and type xcopy test.bin a: Press Enter to make the copy.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows NT</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows_nt.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__31" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="31">All these systems were less reliable and slower than purpose-built magnetic tape drives.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="31"><a href="#citable__31"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>All apple do is add a couple of nifty features and say - here, if ur computers less than 2 years old, buy this upgrade now.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Maclive.net:: Windows Vista: First of a Kind Features?</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.maclive.net/sid/134">www.maclive.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="31"><a href="#citable__31"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It will take less drive to make most PC operating systems work like Unix by Nicholas Petreley, InfoWorld , 28 October 1996.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0 versus UNIX</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.lege.com/unix-nt/">www.lege.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="31"><a href="#citable__31"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Basically you take a gaming console, add all the accessories like a hard drive, the keyboard, maybe even a mouse… and u now have a pc, with a less efficient operating system.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">www.blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__383" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="383">Such tape drives were uncommon in consumer-type personal computers but were a necessity in business or industrial use.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="383"><a href="#citable__383"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I want to be able to work from home, and use my computer for personal use.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="383"><a href="#citable__383"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>For truly personal or private content, all we need are thumb-drives (like we all have right now) that plug in to every devicewhether computer, phone, PDA, or iPod.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="383"><a href="#citable__383"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>During a Wall-Street briefing IBM unveils its future, "e-business," simultaneously rediscovering its voice, it's confidence, and its ability to drive the industry's agenda.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://incomphist.blogspot.com/">incomphist.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__307" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="307">Interchange of data such as photographs from digital cameras is greatly expedited by installation of a <a href="/Card_reader" title="Card reader">card reader</a>, which often is compatible with several forms of <a href="/Flash_memory" title="Flash memory">flash memory</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="307"><a href="#citable__307"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>For a digital picture the meta data includes the date, the camera used, the various settings of the camera at the time the picture was taken, the size of the picture, the lighting, and potentially the latitude and longitude and digital ID of the photographer at the time the picture was taken.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>patrickWeb</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.patrickweb.com/weblog/categories/personal_computing/index.html">www.patrickweb.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="307"><a href="#citable__307"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Digital Data Projector Rental - Digital Data Projector Sale - Book Binding Machines - Scratch Card Making Machines - SIM Card Making Machines .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Computers � from �217 - Pentium 4 Desktop Computer, AMD, Intel Pentium< title>"><meta http-equiv="Description Tag " content="<META name="description" content="Supplies Personal Computers, Pentium 4 � from �217.00. Desktop Dual-Core Processors, AMD, AM2, Intel Pentium and Intel Celeron. Customised Computers to any specification. Personal Desktop Computers include ESPRIMO Edition P2510 - A Low-Cost Professional Personal Computer (PC), Fujitsu Siemens ESPRIMO E5710 - P4 541, Fujitsu Siemens ESPRIMO Edition P2511, Micro Tower Desktop Personal Computer, Lenovo 3000 J115 7387 Tower; Fujitsu Siemens ESPRIMO Edition P2411 Tower. Computer Peripherals, Computer Upgrades, Computer Spare Parts">"><meta http-equiv="Key Words Tag " content="<meta name="keywords" content=" Personal Computers, Pentium 4 Computer, Desktop Computer, Dual-Core Processors, AMD Processor, AM2 Processor, Intel Pentium Processor, Intel Celeron Processor, Customised Computers, Personal Desktop Computers, Fujitsu Siemens ESPRIMO Edition P2510, Low-Cost Personal Computer, PC, Fujitsu Siemens ESPRIMO E5710 - P4 541, Fujitsu Siemens ESPRIMO Edition P2511, Micro Tower Desktop Personal Computer, Lenovo 3000 J115 7387 Tower; Fujitsu Siemens ESPRIMO Edition P2411 Tower, Computer Upgrades, Computer Spare Parts">"><meta http-equiv="ALT Tag " content="<borders/top.ht11u.jpg�width=�60�height=�58�alt=� Fujitsu Siemens ESPRIMO Edition P2510 - A Low-Cost Professional Personal Computer (PC), Fujitsu Siemens ESPRIMO E5710 - P4 541, Fujitsu Siemens ESPRIMO Edition P2511, Micro Tower Desktop Personal Computer, Lenovo 3000 J115 7387 Tower; Fujitsu Siemens ESPRIMO Edition P2411 Tower. Personal Computers, Pentium 4 � from �217.00. available in Cairo, Egypt, Dubai, UAE, UK, Ireland, Saudi Arabia, Nigeria, South Africa, Kenya, The countries covered include Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, American Samoa, Andorra, Argentina, Armenia, Aruba, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Barbados, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Hercegovina, Botswana, Brazil, British V.I., Brunei Darussalm, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde Islands, Caribbean Nations, Cayman Islands, Cape Verdi, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China (People's Republic), China-Taiwan, Congo, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Italy, Ivory Coast (La Cote d'Ivoire), Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Khmer Republic (Cambodia/Kampuchea)�>"><meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=windows-1252"><title>Computer Fax-Copier</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.hrod-consultancy.com/UK_Personal_Computers_PC_.Dell_Computers.HP_Computers.Dimension_Computers.%20E-Machine_Computers.htm">www.hrod-consultancy.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="307"><a href="#citable__307"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Click for huge savings on Computer Hard Drives Computer Memory, Memory Card and Flash Memory, Internal and External Computer Hard Drives.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Computers � from �217 - Pentium 4 Desktop Computer, AMD, Intel Pentium< title>"><meta http-equiv="Description Tag " content="<META name="description" content="Supplies Personal Computers, Pentium 4 � from �217.00. Desktop Dual-Core Processors, AMD, AM2, Intel Pentium and Intel Celeron. Customised Computers to any specification. Personal Desktop Computers include ESPRIMO Edition P2510 - A Low-Cost Professional Personal Computer (PC), Fujitsu Siemens ESPRIMO E5710 - P4 541, Fujitsu Siemens ESPRIMO Edition P2511, Micro Tower Desktop Personal Computer, Lenovo 3000 J115 7387 Tower; Fujitsu Siemens ESPRIMO Edition P2411 Tower. Computer Peripherals, Computer Upgrades, Computer Spare Parts">"><meta http-equiv="Key Words Tag " content="<meta name="keywords" content=" Personal Computers, Pentium 4 Computer, Desktop Computer, Dual-Core Processors, AMD Processor, AM2 Processor, Intel Pentium Processor, Intel Celeron Processor, Customised Computers, Personal Desktop Computers, Fujitsu Siemens ESPRIMO Edition P2510, Low-Cost Personal Computer, PC, Fujitsu Siemens ESPRIMO E5710 - P4 541, Fujitsu Siemens ESPRIMO Edition P2511, Micro Tower Desktop Personal Computer, Lenovo 3000 J115 7387 Tower; Fujitsu Siemens ESPRIMO Edition P2411 Tower, Computer Upgrades, Computer Spare Parts">"><meta http-equiv="ALT Tag " content="<borders/top.ht11u.jpg�width=�60�height=�58�alt=� Fujitsu Siemens ESPRIMO Edition P2510 - A Low-Cost Professional Personal Computer (PC), Fujitsu Siemens ESPRIMO E5710 - P4 541, Fujitsu Siemens ESPRIMO Edition P2511, Micro Tower Desktop Personal Computer, Lenovo 3000 J115 7387 Tower; Fujitsu Siemens ESPRIMO Edition P2411 Tower. Personal Computers, Pentium 4 � from �217.00. available in Cairo, Egypt, Dubai, UAE, UK, Ireland, Saudi Arabia, Nigeria, South Africa, Kenya, The countries covered include Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, American Samoa, Andorra, Argentina, Armenia, Aruba, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Barbados, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Hercegovina, Botswana, Brazil, British V.I., Brunei Darussalm, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde Islands, Caribbean Nations, Cayman Islands, Cape Verdi, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China (People's Republic), China-Taiwan, Congo, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Italy, Ivory Coast (La Cote d'Ivoire), Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Khmer Republic (Cambodia/Kampuchea)�>"><meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=windows-1252"><title>Computer Fax-Copier</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.hrod-consultancy.com/UK_Personal_Computers_PC_.Dell_Computers.HP_Computers.Dimension_Computers.%20E-Machine_Computers.htm">www.hrod-consultancy.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__316" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="316">It is usually faster and more convenient to move large amounts of data by removing the card from the mobile device, instead of communicating with the mobile device through a <a href="/USB" title="USB" class="mw-redirect">USB</a> interface.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="316"><a href="#citable__316"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Transport protocol drivers communicate with redirectors and servers through a layer called the Transport Driver Interface (TDI).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Chapter 5 - Windows NT 4.0 Workstation Architecture</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc749980.aspx">technet.microsoft.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="316"><a href="#citable__316"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>There seems to be no way to communicate with any USB storage device, which was not a problem with the earlier build I was using.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Special Report: Running Windows on a Mac with Parallels, Reports and Tips</c_title></em> <c_date>17 September 2009 3:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.macwindows.com/parallels.html">www.macwindows.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="316"><a href="#citable__316"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Adding a non-USB peripheral device to a PC can be a non-trivial task that requires a lot of technical savvy and a certain amount of luck.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>patrickWeb</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.patrickweb.com/weblog/categories/personal_computing/index.html">www.patrickweb.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__111" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="111">A <a href="/USB_flash_drive" title="USB flash drive">USB flash drive</a> today performs much of the data transfer and backup functions formerly done with floppy drives, <a href="/Zip_disk" title="Zip disk" class="mw-redirect">Zip disks</a> and other devices.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="111"><a href="#citable__111"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>This will destroy any data on your USB drive!</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Roderick van Domburg's Cache » Installing Windows XP from USB</c_title></em> <c_date>11 January 2010 6:35 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.vandomburg.net/installing-windows-xp-from-usb/">www.vandomburg.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="111"><a href="#citable__111"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>After the system formats the floppy disk in Drive A, the data gets copied over to the floppy disk.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows NT</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows_nt.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="111"><a href="#citable__111"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>USB flash drive.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Roderick van Domburg's Cache » Installing Windows XP from USB</c_title></em> <c_date>11 January 2010 6:35 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.vandomburg.net/installing-windows-xp-from-usb/">www.vandomburg.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__243" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="243">Main-stream current operating systems for personal computers provide standard support for flash drives, allowing interchange even between computers using different processors and operating systems.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="243"><a href="#citable__243"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It uses Linux as the underlying operating system.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>patrickWeb</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.patrickweb.com/weblog/categories/personal_computing/index.html">www.patrickweb.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="243"><a href="#citable__243"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It enables the same operating system to run on different platforms with different processors.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Chapter 5 - Windows NT 4.0 Workstation Architecture</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc749980.aspx">technet.microsoft.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="243"><a href="#citable__243"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>A different kind of personal computer.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> A Different Kind of Personal Computer ~ Chris Pirillo</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://chris.pirillo.com/a-different-kind-of-personal-computer/">chris.pirillo.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__96" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="96">The compact size and lack of moving parts or dirt-sensitive media, combined with low cost for high capacity, have made flash drives a popular and useful accessory for any personal computer user.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="96"><a href="#citable__96"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Flash drive is 1GB capacity .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Roderick van Domburg's Cache » Installing Windows XP from USB</c_title></em> <c_date>11 January 2010 6:35 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.vandomburg.net/installing-windows-xp-from-usb/">www.vandomburg.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="96"><a href="#citable__96"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>My flash drive is of 2 GB capacity .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Roderick van Domburg's Cache » Installing Windows XP from USB</c_title></em> <c_date>11 January 2010 6:35 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.vandomburg.net/installing-windows-xp-from-usb/">www.vandomburg.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="96"><a href="#citable__96"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>One small other thing, AFTER I installed Windows Pro on the other Partition and tried to use my PNY BartPE flash drive on another computer that I needed to install Windows on and I ended up getting a “corrupt winnt.sif error”.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Roderick van Domburg's Cache » Installing Windows XP from USB</c_title></em> <c_date>11 January 2010 6:35 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.vandomburg.net/installing-windows-xp-from-usb/">www.vandomburg.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__113" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="113">The <a href="/Operating_system" title="Operating system">operating system</a> (e.g.: <a href="/Microsoft_Windows" title="Microsoft Windows">Microsoft Windows</a>, <a href="/Mac_OS" title="Mac OS">Mac OS</a>, <a href="/Linux" title="Linux">Linux</a> or many others) can be located on any storage, but typically it is on a hard disks.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="113"><a href="#citable__113"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It uses Linux as the underlying operating system.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>patrickWeb</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.patrickweb.com/weblog/categories/personal_computing/index.html">www.patrickweb.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="113"><a href="#citable__113"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mac OS X definately is a superior operating system ..</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Longhorn Gets a Name: Windows Vista | Betanews</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.betanews.com/article/Longhorn-Gets-a-Name-Windows-Vista/1122002477">www.betanews.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="113"><a href="#citable__113"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Windows 2000 / Linux Kernell / Mac OS 9 on it !!!</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Longhorn Gets a Name: Windows Vista | Betanews</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.betanews.com/article/Longhorn-Gets-a-Name-Windows-Vista/1122002477">www.betanews.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__329" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="329">A <a href="/Live_CD" title="Live CD">Live CD</a> is the running of a OS directly from a <a href="/CD" title="CD" class="mw-redirect">CD</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="329"><a href="#citable__329"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>New CrossOver 7 Runs Outlook, Office 2007 in Mac OS X-- without Windows Give your Mac ActiveX in Internet Explorer, launched directly from the Finder.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>MacWindows Report: Boot Camp in Leopard Tips and Reports</c_title></em> <c_date>17 September 2009 3:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.macwindows.com/bootcamp.html">www.macwindows.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__562" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="562">While this is slow compared to storing the OS on a hard drive, it is typically used for installation of operating systems, demonstrations, system recovery, or other special purposes.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="562"><a href="#citable__562"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>No operating system creator is that slow.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Daily Techno-Babble » 4 Reasons Why Windows Vista Is Just Not Worth It</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.dailytechnobabble.com/2006/11/09/4-reasons-why-windows-vista-is-just-not-worth-it/">www.dailytechnobabble.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="562"><a href="#citable__562"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Reconnected the OS X hard drive.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>MacWindows Report: Boot Camp in Leopard Tips and Reports</c_title></em> <c_date>17 September 2009 3:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.macwindows.com/bootcamp.html">www.macwindows.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="562"><a href="#citable__562"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It uses Linux as the underlying operating system.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>patrickWeb</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.patrickweb.com/weblog/categories/personal_computing/index.html">www.patrickweb.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__268" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="268">Large flash memory is currently more expensive than hard drives of similar size (as of mid-2008) but are starting to appear in laptop computers because of their low weight, small size and low power requirements.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="268"><a href="#citable__268"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I have erased my hard drive and started over.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>MacWindows Report: Boot Camp in Leopard Tips and Reports</c_title></em> <c_date>17 September 2009 3:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.macwindows.com/bootcamp.html">www.macwindows.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="268"><a href="#citable__268"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It could be on a hard drive on this computer, or on a network.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Roderick van Domburg's Cache » Installing Windows XP from USB</c_title></em> <c_date>11 January 2010 6:35 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.vandomburg.net/installing-windows-xp-from-usb/">www.vandomburg.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="268"><a href="#citable__268"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I struggled with it also, but found a simple resolution: Reboot your computer after formatting your hard drive and try again.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Roderick van Domburg's Cache » Installing Windows XP from USB</c_title></em> <c_date>11 January 2010 6:35 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.vandomburg.net/installing-windows-xp-from-usb/">www.vandomburg.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <dl> <dt>Computer communications</dt> </dl> <ul> <li><a href="/Softmodem" title="Softmodem">Internal modem card</a></li> <li><a href="/Modem" title="Modem">Modem</a></li> <li><a href="/Network_card" title="Network card" class="mw-redirect">Network adapter card</a></li> <li><a href="/Router" title="Router">Router</a></li> </ul> <dl> <dt>Common <a href="/Peripheral" title="Peripheral">peripherals</a> and adapter cards</dt> </dl> <ul> <li><a href="/Headset_(telephone/computer)" title="Headset (telephone/computer)">Headset</a></li> <li><a href="/Joystick" title="Joystick">Joystick</a></li> <li><a href="/Microphone" title="Microphone">Microphone</a></li> <li><a href="/Computer_printer" title="Computer printer" class="mw-redirect">Printer</a></li> <li><a href="/Scanner" title="Scanner">Scanner</a></li> <li><a href="/Sound_card" title="Sound card">Sound adapter card</a> as a separate card rather than located on the motherboard</li> <li><a href="/Loudspeaker" title="Loudspeaker">Speakers</a></li> <li><a href="/Webcam" title="Webcam">Webcam</a></li> </ul> <h2><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Software">Software</span></h2> <div class="rellink relarticle mainarticle">Main article: <a href="/Computer_software" title="Computer software">Computer software</a></div> <div class="thumb tright"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/06/2/1/9/5554494705573291.png" width="220" height="139" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> A <a href="/Screenshot" title="Screenshot">screenshot</a> of the <a href="/OpenOffice.org_Writer" title="OpenOffice.org Writer">OpenOffice.org Writer</a> software</div> </div> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__159" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="159">Computer software is a general term used to describe a collection of <a href="/Computer_program" title="Computer program">computer programs</a>, <a href="/Procedures" title="Procedures" class="mw-redirect">procedures</a> and documentation that perform some tasks on a computer system.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="159"><a href="#citable__159"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>To do this, boot your computer from a Windows 95 bootable floppy disk and use the SYS command as described above.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows NT</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows_nt.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="159"><a href="#citable__159"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>For your info, in terms of performance (in my experience) Ive found OpenSUSE the slowest Linux performer Ive ever used, followed by Ubuntu.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Microsoft Watch - Windows 7 - Who Leaked Windows 7? </c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 1:29 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.microsoft-watch.com/content/windows_7/who_leaked_windows_7.html">www.microsoft-watch.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="159"><a href="#citable__159"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Lenovo 3000 J115 systems for small business deliver worry-free, high performance computing at a great value.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Computers � from �217 - Pentium 4 Desktop Computer, AMD, Intel Pentium< title>"><meta http-equiv="Description Tag " content="<META name="description" content="Supplies Personal Computers, Pentium 4 � from �217.00. Desktop Dual-Core Processors, AMD, AM2, Intel Pentium and Intel Celeron. Customised Computers to any specification. Personal Desktop Computers include ESPRIMO Edition P2510 - A Low-Cost Professional Personal Computer (PC), Fujitsu Siemens ESPRIMO E5710 - P4 541, Fujitsu Siemens ESPRIMO Edition P2511, Micro Tower Desktop Personal Computer, Lenovo 3000 J115 7387 Tower; Fujitsu Siemens ESPRIMO Edition P2411 Tower. Computer Peripherals, Computer Upgrades, Computer Spare Parts">"><meta http-equiv="Key Words Tag " content="<meta name="keywords" content=" Personal Computers, Pentium 4 Computer, Desktop Computer, Dual-Core Processors, AMD Processor, AM2 Processor, Intel Pentium Processor, Intel Celeron Processor, Customised Computers, Personal Desktop Computers, Fujitsu Siemens ESPRIMO Edition P2510, Low-Cost Personal Computer, PC, Fujitsu Siemens ESPRIMO E5710 - P4 541, Fujitsu Siemens ESPRIMO Edition P2511, Micro Tower Desktop Personal Computer, Lenovo 3000 J115 7387 Tower; Fujitsu Siemens ESPRIMO Edition P2411 Tower, Computer Upgrades, Computer Spare Parts">"><meta http-equiv="ALT Tag " content="<borders/top.ht11u.jpg�width=�60�height=�58�alt=� Fujitsu Siemens ESPRIMO Edition P2510 - A Low-Cost Professional Personal Computer (PC), Fujitsu Siemens ESPRIMO E5710 - P4 541, Fujitsu Siemens ESPRIMO Edition P2511, Micro Tower Desktop Personal Computer, Lenovo 3000 J115 7387 Tower; Fujitsu Siemens ESPRIMO Edition P2411 Tower. Personal Computers, Pentium 4 � from �217.00. available in Cairo, Egypt, Dubai, UAE, UK, Ireland, Saudi Arabia, Nigeria, South Africa, Kenya, The countries covered include Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, American Samoa, Andorra, Argentina, Armenia, Aruba, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Barbados, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Hercegovina, Botswana, Brazil, British V.I., Brunei Darussalm, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde Islands, Caribbean Nations, Cayman Islands, Cape Verdi, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China (People's Republic), China-Taiwan, Congo, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Italy, Ivory Coast (La Cote d'Ivoire), Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Khmer Republic (Cambodia/Kampuchea)�>"><meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=windows-1252"><title>Computer Fax-Copier</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.hrod-consultancy.com/UK_Personal_Computers_PC_.Dell_Computers.HP_Computers.Dimension_Computers.%20E-Machine_Computers.htm">www.hrod-consultancy.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_27" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-27"><span>[</span>28<span>]</span></a></sup> <a name="citable__278" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="278">The term includes <a href="/Application_software" title="Application software">application software</a> such as <a href="/Word_processor" title="Word processor">word processors</a> which perform productive tasks for users, <a href="/System_software" title="System software">system software</a> such as <a href="/Operating_system" title="Operating system">operating systems</a>, which interface with <a href="/Hardware" title="Hardware">hardware</a> to provide the necessary services for application software, and <a href="/Middleware" title="Middleware">middleware</a> which controls and co-ordinates <a href="/Distributed_computing" title="Distributed computing">distributed systems</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="278"><a href="#citable__278"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Do you have a word processor on your system?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows 95</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 19:019 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows95_tips.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="278"><a href="#citable__278"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>That's especially true when you install software (such as service packs) that makes changes to your system.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows NT</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows_nt.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="278"><a href="#citable__278"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>IBM announces a major new look for IBM software, "Systems Applications Software" (SAS).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://incomphist.blogspot.com/">incomphist.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__576" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="576">Software applications for <a href="/Word_processing" title="Word processing">word processing</a>, <a href="/Internet" title="Internet">Internet</a> browsing, <a href="/Internet_fax" title="Internet fax">Internet faxing</a>, <a href="/E-mail" title="E-mail">e-mail</a> and other digital messaging, <a href="/Multimedia" title="Multimedia">multimedia</a> playback, <a href="/Computer_game" title="Computer game" class="mw-redirect">computer game</a> play and <a href="/Computer_programming" title="Computer programming">computer programming</a> are common.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="576"><a href="#citable__576"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>On all occasions the processing tasks have been fairly low CPU-usage ones: editing a Word-document, playing a DVD movie and so on.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>MacWindows Report: Boot Camp in Leopard Tips and Reports</c_title></em> <c_date>17 September 2009 3:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.macwindows.com/bootcamp.html">www.macwindows.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="576"><a href="#citable__576"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The other thing to remember is that we’re programmed to veg in front of a TV while we tend to ‘work’ in front of a computer.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">www.blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="576"><a href="#citable__576"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In the Application Used To Perform Action text box, type the path of the program you'd like to use to play audio CDs, followed by a space and then /play.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows 95</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 19:019 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows95_tips.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__587" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="587">The user of a modern personal computer may have significant knowledge of the operating environment and application programs, but is not necessarily interested in programming nor even able to write programs for the computer.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="587"><a href="#citable__587"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Vista, Mac, Linux they are all the same, they allow users to actually operate the computer through a GUI. .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Daily Techno-Babble » 4 Reasons Why Windows Vista Is Just Not Worth It</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.dailytechnobabble.com/2006/11/09/4-reasons-why-windows-vista-is-just-not-worth-it/">www.dailytechnobabble.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="587"><a href="#citable__587"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Torrent websites are notorious for having members who load malicious code into ISO files that can infect users computers and personal files.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Microsoft Watch - Windows 7 - Who Leaked Windows 7? </c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 1:29 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.microsoft-watch.com/content/windows_7/who_leaked_windows_7.html">www.microsoft-watch.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="587"><a href="#citable__587"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Start PE Builder from the Start Menu.’, launching the application gives the message ‘Sorry, this program requires administrator privileges’, even though it installed with no problems.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Roderick van Domburg's Cache » Installing Windows XP from USB</c_title></em> <c_date>11 January 2010 6:35 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.vandomburg.net/installing-windows-xp-from-usb/">www.vandomburg.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__165" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="165">Therefore, most <a href="/Software" title="Software" class="mw-redirect">software</a> written primarily for personal computers tends to be designed with simplicity of use, or "<a href="/Usability" title="Usability">user-friendliness</a>" in mind.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="165"><a href="#citable__165"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Macs are primarily used for graphics design.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Maclive.net:: Windows Vista: First of a Kind Features?</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.maclive.net/sid/134">www.maclive.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="165"><a href="#citable__165"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Scientific and Computer-aided Design software .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Free Downloads Encyclopedia - Softpedia</c_title></em> <c_date>11 January 2010 6:35 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://softpedia.com/">softpedia.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="165"><a href="#citable__165"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Well tyson, mac may not be user freiendly in your opinion, but it is to most people, unless that is, you are using mac system 7 .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Daily Techno-Babble » 4 Reasons Why Windows Vista Is Just Not Worth It</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.dailytechnobabble.com/2006/11/09/4-reasons-why-windows-vista-is-just-not-worth-it/">www.dailytechnobabble.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__604" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="604">However, the <a href="/Software_industry" title="Software industry">software industry</a> continuously provide a wide range of new products for use in personal computers, targeted at both the expert and the non-expert user.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="604"><a href="#citable__604"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>You can use this vulnerability report to ensure that you are aware of all vulnerabilities, both patched and unpatched, affecting this product allowing you to take the necessary precautions.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Microsoft Windows Vista - Advisories by Product - Secunia Advisories - Vulnerability Information - Secunia.com</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://secunia.com/advisories/product/13223/?task=advisories">secunia.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="604"><a href="#citable__604"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>You claim “no new *useful* features that might entice mainstream users to upgrade” but there doesn’t really need to be, and I am sure M$ isn’t really expecting there to be.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Daily Techno-Babble » 4 Reasons Why Windows Vista Is Just Not Worth It</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.dailytechnobabble.com/2006/11/09/4-reasons-why-windows-vista-is-just-not-worth-it/">www.dailytechnobabble.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="604"><a href="#citable__604"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I want to be able to work from home, and use my computer for personal use.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">www.blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Operating_system">Operating system</span></h3> <div class="rellink relarticle mainarticle">Main article: <a href="/Operating_system" title="Operating system">Operating system</a></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__668" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="668">An operating system (OS) manages <a href="/Computer" title="Computer">computer</a> resources and provides programmers with an <a href="/User_interface" title="User interface">interface</a> used to access those resources.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="668"><a href="#citable__668"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It uses Linux as the underlying operating system.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>patrickWeb</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.patrickweb.com/weblog/categories/personal_computing/index.html">www.patrickweb.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="668"><a href="#citable__668"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Hobbyists are in heaven and Dr. Marcian E. (Ted) Hoff Jr. IBM introduces the 3270 network environment, liberating the computer from the machine room, providing a terminal system for the masses, changing the lives of mainframe programmers forever, and providing non-computer types with access to a previously inaccessible world via terminals that can be scattered anywhere - even on a manager's desk.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://incomphist.blogspot.com/">incomphist.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="668"><a href="#citable__668"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Some key features for IT professionals include: · Direct Access: This feature enables IT Managers to provide the mobile user with reliable and secure access to the corporate network resources when user is on the Internet, without having to initiate a VPN connection.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>News from Microsoft Ireland - Windows Live</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 1:29 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://microsoftireland.spaces.live.com/">microsoftireland.spaces.live.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__708" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="708">An operating system processes system data and user input, and responds by allocating and managing tasks and internal system resources as a service to users and programs of the system.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="708"><a href="#citable__708"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>To rename the Administrator account, choose Start, Programs, Administrative Tools, User Manager.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows NT</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows_nt.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="708"><a href="#citable__708"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>When you want to add a new user to your workstation, click Start, Programs, Administrative Tools (Common), User Manager.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows NT</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows_nt.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="708"><a href="#citable__708"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I have not been able to identify any process that is using up all the cycles in the Windows Task Manager.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>MacWindows Report: Boot Camp in Leopard Tips and Reports</c_title></em> <c_date>17 September 2009 3:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.macwindows.com/bootcamp.html">www.macwindows.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__507" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="507">An operating system performs basic tasks such as controlling and allocating <a href="/Computer_data_storage" title="Computer data storage">memory</a>, prioritizing system requests, controlling <a href="/Input/output" title="Input/output">input and output</a> devices, facilitating <a href="/Computer_networking" title="Computer networking">computer networking</a> and managing files.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="507"><a href="#citable__507"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>To access this setting, open the Control Panel and then choose System, Performance, and finally Virtual Memory.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows NT</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows_nt.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="507"><a href="#citable__507"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>If you do rename the file, then the next time you perform an update operation (right-click the briefcase, select Update All, and so on), Briefcase thinks you've deleted that file.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows 95</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 19:019 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows95_tips.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="507"><a href="#citable__507"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It already has a full operating system and plenty of memory.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">www.blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__373" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="373">Common contemporary desktop OSes are <a href="/Microsoft_Windows" title="Microsoft Windows">Microsoft Windows</a> (92.77% market share), <a href="/Mac_OS_X" title="Mac OS X">Mac OS X</a> (5.12%), <a href="/Linux" title="Linux">Linux</a> (0.95%),<sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_28" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-28"><span>[</span>29<span>]</span></a></sup> <a href="/Solaris_(operating_system)" title="Solaris (operating system)">Solaris</a> and <a href="/FreeBSD" title="FreeBSD">FreeBSD</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="373"><a href="#citable__373"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Microsoft has a very high market share it is not the best ...</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Longhorn Gets a Name: Windows Vista | Betanews</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.betanews.com/article/Longhorn-Gets-a-Name-Windows-Vista/1122002477">www.betanews.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="373"><a href="#citable__373"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I have an early 2008 Mac Pro with OS X and Windows XP Boot Camp installed on it.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>MacWindows Report: Boot Camp in Leopard Tips and Reports</c_title></em> <c_date>17 September 2009 3:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.macwindows.com/bootcamp.html">www.macwindows.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="373"><a href="#citable__373"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Just because you have a superior product doesn't mean you automatically gain market share, it took me until the second rev of OS X to switch becasue windows was so better until OS X came out, time will tell.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Maclive.net:: Windows Vista: First of a Kind Features?</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.maclive.net/sid/134">www.maclive.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__529" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="529">Windows, Mac, and Linux all have server and personal variants.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="529"><a href="#citable__529"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Vista, Mac, Linux they are all the same, they allow users to actually operate the computer through a GUI. .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Daily Techno-Babble » 4 Reasons Why Windows Vista Is Just Not Worth It</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.dailytechnobabble.com/2006/11/09/4-reasons-why-windows-vista-is-just-not-worth-it/">www.dailytechnobabble.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="529"><a href="#citable__529"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Windows has a lot of sotware, Mac OSX was user friendly( to his user but not for me) and Linux is free(what a realy good advantages).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Daily Techno-Babble » 4 Reasons Why Windows Vista Is Just Not Worth It</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.dailytechnobabble.com/2006/11/09/4-reasons-why-windows-vista-is-just-not-worth-it/">www.dailytechnobabble.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="529"><a href="#citable__529"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>OK? Windows is good, yes i agree, but MAC is better, but the best of all is Linux...</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Maclive.net:: Windows Vista: First of a Kind Features?</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.maclive.net/sid/134">www.maclive.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__413" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="413">With the exception of Microsoft Windows, the designs of each of the aforementioned OSs were inspired by, or directly inherited from, the <a href="/Unix" title="Unix">Unix</a> operating system.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="413"><a href="#citable__413"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Windows is a lifeless operating system.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Maclive.net:: Windows Vista: First of a Kind Features?</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.maclive.net/sid/134">www.maclive.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="413"><a href="#citable__413"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Documentation for the Windows operating systems.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows</c_title></em> <c_date>11 January 2010 6:35 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://docs.hp.com/en/windows.html">docs.hp.com</a> [Source type: Academic]</li><li> <em><c_title>Windows</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://docs.hp.com/windows_nt/index.html">docs.hp.com</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="413"><a href="#citable__413"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Windows is a modest operating system ...</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Longhorn Gets a Name: Windows Vista | Betanews</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.betanews.com/article/Longhorn-Gets-a-Name-Windows-Vista/1122002477">www.betanews.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__701" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="701"><a href="/Unix" title="Unix">Unix</a> was developed at <a href="/Bell_Labs" title="Bell Labs">Bell Labs</a> beginning in the late 1960s and spawned the development of numerous free and proprietary operating systems.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="701"><a href="#citable__701"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It cost a pretty penny to develop on the MAC. You also had to develop outside there OS. OS X is based on UNIX; Apple finally gave it up to an established system.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> A Different Kind of Personal Computer ~ Chris Pirillo</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://chris.pirillo.com/a-different-kind-of-personal-computer/">chris.pirillo.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="701"><a href="#citable__701"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Acceptance may also pick up in the consumer market now that Sony and Matsushita have announced their plans to develop a Linux operating system for their digital consumer electronics products.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>patrickWeb</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.patrickweb.com/weblog/categories/personal_computing/index.html">www.patrickweb.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="701"><a href="#citable__701"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>To confuse the consumer even more, Linux, a free and open-source version of the UNIX operating system, gains traction.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://incomphist.blogspot.com/">incomphist.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <h4><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Microsoft_Windows">Microsoft Windows</span></h4> <div class="rellink relarticle mainarticle">Main article: <a href="/Microsoft_Windows" title="Microsoft Windows">Microsoft Windows</a></div> <div class="thumb tright"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/04/3/3/1/13285081016308229.png" width="220" height="176" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> <a href="/Windows_7" title="Windows 7">Windows 7</a>, the latest client version in the <a href="/Microsoft_Windows" title="Microsoft Windows">Microsoft Windows</a> family</div> </div> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__406" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="406">Microsoft Windows is the collective brand name of several <a href="/Software" title="Software" class="mw-redirect">software</a> <a href="/Operating_system" title="Operating system">operating systems</a> by <a href="/Microsoft" title="Microsoft">Microsoft</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="406"><a href="#citable__406"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Windows is a lifeless operating system.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Maclive.net:: Windows Vista: First of a Kind Features?</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.maclive.net/sid/134">www.maclive.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="406"><a href="#citable__406"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>An operating system named after cows?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Longhorn Gets a Name: Windows Vista | Betanews</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.betanews.com/article/Longhorn-Gets-a-Name-Windows-Vista/1122002477">www.betanews.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="406"><a href="#citable__406"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Windows is a modest operating system ...</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Longhorn Gets a Name: Windows Vista | Betanews</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.betanews.com/article/Longhorn-Gets-a-Name-Windows-Vista/1122002477">www.betanews.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__82" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="82">Microsoft first introduced an operating environment named <em>Windows</em> in November 1985 as an add-on to <a href="/MS-DOS" title="MS-DOS">MS-DOS</a> in response to the growing interest in <a href="/Graphical_user_interface" title="Graphical user interface">graphical user interfaces</a> (GUIs).</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="82"><a href="#citable__82"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The first version of Microsoft Windows ships, providing the PC community with its first “Mac ” like graphical user interface.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://incomphist.blogspot.com/">incomphist.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="82"><a href="#citable__82"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I think this name is due to all those changes in the user interface, that pretend to make it a "vista agradável" (English, "pleasant sight").</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Longhorn Gets a Name: Windows Vista | Betanews</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.betanews.com/article/Longhorn-Gets-a-Name-Windows-Vista/1122002477">www.betanews.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="82"><a href="#citable__82"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The simple fact is also that the Mac was first, and nearly every product Microsoft made in their early days was for Mac, because there was no such thing as Windows.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Maclive.net:: Windows Vista: First of a Kind Features?</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.maclive.net/sid/134">www.maclive.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_aboutcomnov_29_0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-aboutcomnov-29"><span>[</span>30<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_linuxworld_30_0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-linuxworld-30"><span>[</span>31<span>]</span></a></sup> The most recent client version of Windows is <a href="/Windows_7" title="Windows 7">Windows 7</a> and <a href="/Windows_Server_2008_R2" title="Windows Server 2008 R2">Windows Server 2008 R2</a> which was available at retail on October 22, 2009.</div> <h4><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Mac_OS_X">Mac OS X</span></h4> <div class="rellink relarticle mainarticle">Main article: <a href="/Mac_OS_X" title="Mac OS X">Mac OS X</a></div> <div class="thumb tright"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/00/5/7/7/7748002960542140.png" width="220" height="138" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> <a href="/Mac_OS_X" title="Mac OS X">Mac OS X</a> Snow Leopard desktop</div> </div> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block">Mac OS X is a line of graphical <a href="/Operating_system" title="Operating system">operating systems</a> developed, marketed, and sold by <a href="/Apple_Inc." title="Apple Inc.">Apple Inc.</a>. <a name="citable__209" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="209">Mac OS X is the successor to the original <a href="/Mac_OS" title="Mac OS">Mac OS</a>, which had been Apple's primary operating system since 1984. Unlike its predecessors, Mac OS X is a <a href="/Unix" title="Unix">Unix</a>-based operating system.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="209"><a href="#citable__209"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mac OS X definately is a superior operating system ..</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Longhorn Gets a Name: Windows Vista | Betanews</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.betanews.com/article/Longhorn-Gets-a-Name-Windows-Vista/1122002477">www.betanews.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="209"><a href="#citable__209"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>OS X is based on UNIX; Apple finally gave it up to an established system.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> A Different Kind of Personal Computer ~ Chris Pirillo</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://chris.pirillo.com/a-different-kind-of-personal-computer/">chris.pirillo.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="209"><a href="#citable__209"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It cost a pretty penny to develop on the MAC. You also had to develop outside there OS. OS X is based on UNIX; Apple finally gave it up to an established system.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> A Different Kind of Personal Computer ~ Chris Pirillo</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://chris.pirillo.com/a-different-kind-of-personal-computer/">chris.pirillo.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__250" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="250">The most recent version of Mac OS X is <a href="/Mac_OS_X_10.6" title="Mac OS X 10.6" class="mw-redirect">Mac OS X 10.6</a> "Snow Leopard", and the current server version is <a href="/Mac_OS_X_Server" title="Mac OS X Server">Mac OS X Server 10.6</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="250"><a href="#citable__250"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I am running Mac OS X 10.4.10 .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Special Report: Running Windows on a Mac with Parallels, Reports and Tips</c_title></em> <c_date>17 September 2009 3:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.macwindows.com/parallels.html">www.macwindows.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="250"><a href="#citable__250"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mac OS X 10.5 Leopard for $109 .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Special Report: Running Windows on a Mac with Parallels, Reports and Tips</c_title></em> <c_date>17 September 2009 3:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.macwindows.com/parallels.html">www.macwindows.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="250"><a href="#citable__250"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Thursday, January 31, 2008 -- Parallels has released Parallels Desktop Build 5584 , a minor update to Version 3.0 that fixes a problem with Apple's Security Update 2007-009 for Mac OS X 10.4.11 Tiger.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Special Report: Running Windows on a Mac with Parallels, Reports and Tips</c_title></em> <c_date>17 September 2009 3:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.macwindows.com/parallels.html">www.macwindows.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <h4><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Linux">Linux</span></h4> <div class="rellink relarticle mainarticle">Main article: <a href="/Linux" title="Linux">Linux</a></div> <div class="thumb tright"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/3/8/9/71416453598114961.png" width="220" height="138" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> <a href="/KDE_4" title="KDE 4" class="mw-redirect">KDE 4</a> running on a <a href="/Linux" title="Linux">Linux</a> distribution.</div> </div> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__697" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="697">Linux is a family of <a href="/Unix-like" title="Unix-like">Unix-like</a> computer <a href="/Operating_system" title="Operating system">operating systems</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="697"><a href="#citable__697"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Documentation for the Linux operating systems.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows</c_title></em> <c_date>11 January 2010 6:35 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://docs.hp.com/en/windows.html">docs.hp.com</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="697"><a href="#citable__697"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It uses Linux as the underlying operating system.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>patrickWeb</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.patrickweb.com/weblog/categories/personal_computing/index.html">www.patrickweb.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="697"><a href="#citable__697"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Vista, Mac, Linux they are all the same, they allow users to actually operate the computer through a GUI. .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Daily Techno-Babble » 4 Reasons Why Windows Vista Is Just Not Worth It</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.dailytechnobabble.com/2006/11/09/4-reasons-why-windows-vista-is-just-not-worth-it/">www.dailytechnobabble.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__693" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="693">Linux is one of the most prominent examples of <a href="/Free_software" title="Free software">free software</a> and <a href="/Open_source" title="Open source">open source</a> development: typically all underlying <a href="/Source_code" title="Source code">source code</a> can be freely modified, used, and redistributed by anyone.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="693"><a href="#citable__693"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It is one of the most amazing pieces of software I have ever used.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>patrickWeb</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.patrickweb.com/weblog/categories/personal_computing/index.html">www.patrickweb.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="693"><a href="#citable__693"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>So, I use Linux – not one of all those hardcores but I do.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Daily Techno-Babble » 4 Reasons Why Windows Vista Is Just Not Worth It</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.dailytechnobabble.com/2006/11/09/4-reasons-why-windows-vista-is-just-not-worth-it/">www.dailytechnobabble.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="693"><a href="#citable__693"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>A free and open-source application for research ...</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Free Downloads Encyclopedia - Softpedia</c_title></em> <c_date>11 January 2010 6:35 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://softpedia.com/">softpedia.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_31" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-31"><span>[</span>32<span>]</span></a></sup> <a name="citable__296" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="296">The name "Linux" comes from the <a href="/Linux_kernel" title="Linux kernel">Linux kernel</a>, started in 1991 by <a href="/Linus_Torvalds" title="Linus Torvalds">Linus Torvalds</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="296"><a href="#citable__296"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He had a Q&A interchange with Linus Torvalds , the father of Linux .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>patrickWeb</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.patrickweb.com/weblog/categories/personal_computing/index.html">www.patrickweb.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__200" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="200">The system's <a href="/System_utility" title="System utility" class="mw-redirect">utilities</a> and <a href="/Library_(computer_science)" title="Library (computer science)" class="mw-redirect">libraries</a> usually come from the <a href="/GNU" title="GNU">GNU</a> operating system, announced in 1983 by <a href="/Richard_Stallman" title="Richard Stallman">Richard Stallman</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="200"><a href="#citable__200"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Acceptance may also pick up in the consumer market now that Sony and Matsushita have announced their plans to develop a Linux operating system for their digital consumer electronics products.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>patrickWeb</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.patrickweb.com/weblog/categories/personal_computing/index.html">www.patrickweb.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="200"><a href="#citable__200"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He was not amused when Microsoft announced its choice yesterday, setting the stage for a massive rollout when its flagship operating system goes on sale in fall 2006.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Longhorn Gets a Name: Windows Vista | Betanews</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.betanews.com/article/Longhorn-Gets-a-Name-Windows-Vista/1122002477">www.betanews.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="200"><a href="#citable__200"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As usual, we can't guarantee that the REG files shown here will operate as expected on your system, so proceed with caution.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows NT</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows_nt.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> The GNU contribution is the basis for the <a href="/GNU/Linux_naming_controversy" title="GNU/Linux naming controversy">alternative name</a> GNU/Linux.<sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_lsag_32_0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-lsag-32"><span>[</span>33<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block">Known for its use in <a href="/Server_(computing)" title="Server (computing)">servers</a> as part of the <a href="/LAMP_(software_bundle)" title="LAMP (software bundle)">LAMP</a> application stack, Linux is supported by corporations such as <a href="/Dell" title="Dell">Dell</a>, <a href="/Hewlett-Packard" title="Hewlett-Packard">Hewlett-Packard</a>, <a href="/IBM" title="IBM">IBM</a>, <a href="/Novell" title="Novell">Novell</a>, <a href="/Oracle_Corporation" title="Oracle Corporation">Oracle Corporation</a>, <a href="/Red_Hat" title="Red Hat">Red Hat</a>, <a href="/Canonical_Ltd." title="Canonical Ltd." class="mw-redirect">Canonical Ltd.</a> and <a href="/Sun_Microsystems" title="Sun Microsystems">Sun Microsystems</a>. <a name="citable__712" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="712">It is used as an operating system for a wide variety of computer <a href="/Hardware" title="Hardware">hardware</a>, including <a href="/Desktop_computer" title="Desktop computer">desktop computers</a>, <a href="/Netbooks" title="Netbooks" class="mw-redirect">netbooks</a>, <a href="/Supercomputers" title="Supercomputers" class="mw-redirect">supercomputers</a>,<sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_33" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-33"><span>[</span>34<span>]</span></a></sup> video game systems, such as the <a href="/PlayStation_3" title="PlayStation 3">PlayStation 3</a>, several <a href="/Arcade_games" title="Arcade games" class="mw-redirect">arcade games</a>, and <a href="/Embedded_devices" title="Embedded devices" class="mw-redirect">embedded devices</a> such as <a href="/Mobile_phone" title="Mobile phone">mobile phones</a>, <a href="/Portable_media_player" title="Portable media player">portable media players</a>, <a href="/Routers" title="Routers" class="mw-redirect">routers</a>, and <a href="/Stage_lighting" title="Stage lighting">stage lighting</a> systems.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="712"><a href="#citable__712"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Bach addressed Microsoft’s unique ability to deliver entertainment on virtually any screen that consumers commonly use today, including the PC, TV and mobile phone.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>News from Microsoft Ireland - Windows Live</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 1:29 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://microsoftireland.spaces.live.com/">microsoftireland.spaces.live.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="712"><a href="#citable__712"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Games have always been the driving force for bigger disks, faster processors, and better operating systems.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">www.blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="712"><a href="#citable__712"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mark, it’s conceivable that the gaming boxes will become the home media system and displace PC’s in that regard.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">www.blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Applications">Applications</span></h3> <div class="rellink relarticle mainarticle">Main article: <a href="/Application_software" title="Application software">Application software</a></div> <div class="thumb tright"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/05/1/0/0/93406092933174337.png" width="220" height="165" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> <a href="/GIMP" title="GIMP">GIMP</a> <a href="/Raster_graphics_editor" title="Raster graphics editor">raster graphics editor</a></div> </div> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__164" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="164">A computer user will apply application software to carry out a specific task.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="164"><a href="#citable__164"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>File format standards typically allow additional application-specific information (such as certain user customizations) to be written to the file.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>News from Microsoft Ireland - Windows Live</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 1:29 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://microsoftireland.spaces.live.com/">microsoftireland.spaces.live.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="164"><a href="#citable__164"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>By greatly reducing the amount of programming required to write an application on a new manufacturer's computer, CP/M increases the market size for both hardware and software.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://incomphist.blogspot.com/">incomphist.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="164"><a href="#citable__164"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It's ironic that Mac actually stop it's customers from learning the ins and outs of computer technology and the software that holds it all together.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Maclive.net:: Windows Vista: First of a Kind Features?</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.maclive.net/sid/134">www.maclive.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__361" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="361"><a href="/System_software" title="System software">System software</a> supports applications and provides common services such as memory management, network connectivity, or device drivers; all of which may be used by applications but which are not directly of interest to the end user.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="361"><a href="#citable__361"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Task Manager provides information about the application, including its memory use.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows NT</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows_nt.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="361"><a href="#citable__361"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Users need not connect to the server directly by NT networking.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows NT</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows_nt.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="361"><a href="#citable__361"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Java-based application that provides a common in...</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Free Downloads Encyclopedia - Softpedia</c_title></em> <c_date>11 January 2010 6:35 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://softpedia.com/">softpedia.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> A simple, if imperfect <a href="/Analogy" title="Analogy">analogy</a> in the world of hardware would be the relationship of an electric light bulb (an application) to an electric power generation plant (a system). <a name="citable__27" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="27">The power plant merely generates electricity, not itself of any real use until harnessed to an application like the electric light that performs a service that benefits the user.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="27"><a href="#citable__27"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>A Java application that can be used to set light...</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Free Downloads Encyclopedia - Softpedia</c_title></em> <c_date>11 January 2010 6:35 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://softpedia.com/">softpedia.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="27"><a href="#citable__27"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>SharePoint 2007 Services 3.0 (Power User) .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> :: Directions Training</c_title></em> <c_date>16 September 2009 0:27 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.directionstraining.com/course_list.html?cp_order_by=name">www.directionstraining.com</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="27"><a href="#citable__27"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>You claim “no new *useful* features that might entice mainstream users to upgrade” but there doesn’t really need to be, and I am sure M$ isn’t really expecting there to be.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Daily Techno-Babble » 4 Reasons Why Windows Vista Is Just Not Worth It</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.dailytechnobabble.com/2006/11/09/4-reasons-why-windows-vista-is-just-not-worth-it/">www.dailytechnobabble.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__259" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="259">Typical examples of software applications are <a href="/Word_processor" title="Word processor">word processors</a>, <a href="/Spreadsheet" title="Spreadsheet">spreadsheets</a>, and <a href="/Media_player_(application_software)" title="Media player (application software)">media players</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="259"><a href="#citable__259"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The spreadsheet application, presentation tool, and word processor are elegant.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>patrickWeb</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.patrickweb.com/weblog/categories/personal_computing/index.html">www.patrickweb.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="259"><a href="#citable__259"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Google is assembling their Gmail, Docs and Spreadsheets, etc to be a player for the applications.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">www.blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="259"><a href="#citable__259"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>MS has a good word processor, a good spreadsheet and a middlin' presentation package - anyone should be happy with that.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Maclive.net:: Windows Vista: First of a Kind Features?</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.maclive.net/sid/134">www.maclive.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> Multiple applications bundled together as a package are sometimes referred to as an <em>application suite</em>. <a name="citable__729" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="729"><a href="/Microsoft_Office" title="Microsoft Office">Microsoft Office</a> and <a href="/OpenOffice.org" title="OpenOffice.org">OpenOffice.org</a>, which bundle together a word processor, a spreadsheet, and several other discrete applications, are typical examples.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="729"><a href="#citable__729"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The spreadsheet application, presentation tool, and word processor are elegant.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>patrickWeb</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.patrickweb.com/weblog/categories/personal_computing/index.html">www.patrickweb.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="729"><a href="#citable__729"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Microsoft and Apple both have their office suites and various applications but without third party applications we would not have a fraction of what we have as users.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>patrickWeb</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.patrickweb.com/weblog/categories/personal_computing/index.html">www.patrickweb.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="729"><a href="#citable__729"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Millions of people use OpenOffice instead of Microsoft Office, partly because OO is free and partly because they just choose to.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>patrickWeb</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.patrickweb.com/weblog/categories/personal_computing/index.html">www.patrickweb.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__130" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="130">The separate applications in a suite usually have a <a href="/User_interface" title="User interface">user interface</a> that has some commonality making it easier for the user to learn and use each application.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="130"><a href="#citable__130"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I think this name is due to all those changes in the user interface, that pretend to make it a "vista agradável" (English, "pleasant sight").</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Longhorn Gets a Name: Windows Vista | Betanews</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.betanews.com/article/Longhorn-Gets-a-Name-Windows-Vista/1122002477">www.betanews.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="130"><a href="#citable__130"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Desktop improvements make using the PC easier and provide immediate access to the applications and files people use most often through features such as Jumplists, Previews and the new Taskbar.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>News from Microsoft Ireland - Windows Live</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 1:29 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://microsoftireland.spaces.live.com/">microsoftireland.spaces.live.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="130"><a href="#citable__130"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As an alternative to monthly digital video recording (DVR) fees, Windows Media Center, available in some editions of Windows 7, with a TV tuner and improved user interface, makes recording TV free and easy.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>News from Microsoft Ireland - Windows Live</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 1:29 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://microsoftireland.spaces.live.com/">microsoftireland.spaces.live.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__531" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="531">And often they may have some capability to interact with each other in ways beneficial to the user.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="531"><a href="#citable__531"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The PC, or some other equally capable (with disk, RAM, etc) last-mile device, is inevitable.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">www.blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="531"><a href="#citable__531"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>"Allow other network users to connect through this computers internet connection" and walla, don't even have to setup gateway's or IP's on the other systems, they auto config...</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Maclive.net:: Windows Vista: First of a Kind Features?</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.maclive.net/sid/134">www.maclive.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="531"><a href="#citable__531"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I tried a million other ways, but this one worked (after some trial and error) flawless.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Roderick van Domburg's Cache » Installing Windows XP from USB</c_title></em> <c_date>11 January 2010 6:35 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.vandomburg.net/installing-windows-xp-from-usb/">www.vandomburg.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__471" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="471">For example, a spreadsheet might be able to be embedded in a word processor document even though it had been created in the separate spreadsheet application.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="471"><a href="#citable__471"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The spreadsheet application, presentation tool, and word processor are elegant.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>patrickWeb</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.patrickweb.com/weblog/categories/personal_computing/index.html">www.patrickweb.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="471"><a href="#citable__471"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Start PE Builder from the Start Menu.’, launching the application gives the message ‘Sorry, this program requires administrator privileges’, even though it installed with no problems.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Roderick van Domburg's Cache » Installing Windows XP from USB</c_title></em> <c_date>11 January 2010 6:35 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.vandomburg.net/installing-windows-xp-from-usb/">www.vandomburg.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="471"><a href="#citable__471"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>There are two ways to do this without manually opening the application in which it was created.The easiest route is to right-click a document icon and select Print.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows 95</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 19:019 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows95_tips.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__644" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="644"><a href="/End-user_development" title="End-user development">End-user development</a> tailors systems to meet the user's specific needs.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="644"><a href="#citable__644"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Somethings MS needs to think about are Cost and they need to fulfil more of the end users requests.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Longhorn Gets a Name: Windows Vista | Betanews</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.betanews.com/article/Longhorn-Gets-a-Name-Windows-Vista/1122002477">www.betanews.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="644"><a href="#citable__644"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Microsoft releases the Access database ($99), providing a Window ’s specific alternative for the end-user, rather than the high-end developer ($495 and more).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://incomphist.blogspot.com/">incomphist.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="644"><a href="#citable__644"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>For example, general industry practice may differ from what is in the specification or users may have made clear that they need something different.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>News from Microsoft Ireland - Windows Live</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 1:29 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://microsoftireland.spaces.live.com/">microsoftireland.spaces.live.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__299" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="299">User-written software include spreadsheet templates, word processor macros, scientific simulations, graphics and animation scripts.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="299"><a href="#citable__299"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The spreadsheet application, presentation tool, and word processor are elegant.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>patrickWeb</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.patrickweb.com/weblog/categories/personal_computing/index.html">www.patrickweb.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="299"><a href="#citable__299"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>This means that each XO acts as a wireless access point in a peer-to-peer fashion sharing connectivity with a nearby XO. The software is all open source and free including Linux, a web browser, word processor, email, audio and video player, and a very clever graphical user interface.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>patrickWeb</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.patrickweb.com/weblog/categories/personal_computing/index.html">www.patrickweb.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="299"><a href="#citable__299"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Spreadsheets, Word Processors, Powerpoint, Email, Personal Database, Personal Finance ?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">www.blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> Even email filters are a kind of user software. <a name="citable__414" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="414">Users create this software themselves and often overlook how important it is.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="414"><a href="#citable__414"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Many iPhone users are going to Hackintosh for instructions on how to downgrade their iPhone to the prior version of firmware so they can reinstall the third party software.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>patrickWeb</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.patrickweb.com/weblog/categories/personal_computing/index.html">www.patrickweb.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="414"><a href="#citable__414"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>IE 4.0 users how to create a Taskbar toolbar from any folder: Right-mouse-click and drag the folder to a blank area on the toolbar and let go.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows 95</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 19:019 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows95_tips.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="414"><a href="#citable__414"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Making of Microsoft: How Bill Gates and His Team Created the World's Most Successful Software Company.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Computer History Bibliography</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.duke.edu/~tlove/biblio.htm">www.duke.edu</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <h2><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_See_also">See also</span></h2> <div class="noprint tright portal" style="border:solid #aaa 1px;margin:0.5em 0 0.5em 0.5em;"> <table style="background:#f9f9f9; font-size:85%; line-height:110%;"> <tr> <td><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/3/3/8/1141093614621349.jpg" width="28" height="28" /></td> <td style="padding:0 0.2em;"><em><strong><a href="/Portal:Computer_Science" title="Portal:Computer Science" class="mw-redirect">Computer Science portal</a></strong></em></td> </tr> </table> </div> <div class="noprint tright portal" style="border:solid #aaa 1px;margin:0.5em 0 0.5em 0.5em;"> <table style="background:#f9f9f9; font-size:85%; line-height:110%;"> <tr> <td><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/06/1/2/4/02129303906782606.png" width="28" height="28" /></td> <td style="padding:0 0.2em;"><em><strong><a href="/Portal:Electronics" title="Portal:Electronics">Electronics portal</a></strong></em></td> </tr> </table> </div> <ul> <li><a href="/Desktop_computer" title="Desktop computer">Desktop computer</a></li> <li><a href="/Desktop_replacement_computer" title="Desktop replacement computer">Desktop replacement computer</a></li> <li><a href="/E-waste" title="E-waste" class="mw-redirect">e-waste</a></li> <li><a href="/Gaming_PC" title="Gaming PC" class="mw-redirect">Gaming PC</a></li> <li><a href="/Information_and_communication_technologies_for_development" title="Information and communication technologies for development">Information and communication technologies for development</a></li> <li><a href="/List_of_computer_system_manufacturers" title="List of computer system manufacturers">List of computer system manufacturers</a></li> <li><a href="/Personal_Computer_Museum" title="Personal Computer Museum">Personal Computer Museum</a></li> <li><a href="/Public_computer" title="Public computer">Public computer</a></li> <li><a href="/Quiet_PC" title="Quiet PC">Quiet PC</a></li> <li><a href="/Supercomputer" title="Supercomputer">Supercomputer</a></li> </ul> <h2><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Notes">Notes</span></h2> <ul> <li><em>Accidental Empires: How the boys of <a href="/Silicon_Valley" title="Silicon Valley">Silicon Valley</a> make their millions, battle foreign competition, and still can't get a date</em>, Robert X. Cringely, Addison-Wesley Publishing, (1992), ISBN 0-201-57032-7</li> </ul> <h2><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_References">References</span></h2> <div class="references-small references-column-count references-column-count-2" style="-moz-column-count:2; column-count:2;"> <ol class="references"> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_Reimer1_0"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-Reimer1_0-0">^</a></strong> <span class="citation web">Reimer, Jeremy. <a href="http://www.jeremyreimer.com/total_share.html" class="external text" rel="nofollow">"Personal Computer Market Share: 1975-2004"</a><span class="printonly">. <a href="http://www.jeremyreimer.com/total_share.html" class="external free" rel="nofollow">http://www.jeremyreimer.com/total_share.html</a></span><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved 2009-07-17</span>.</span><span class="Z3988" title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=bookitem&rft.btitle=Personal+Computer+Market+Share%3A+1975-2004&rft.atitle=&rft.aulast=Reimer&rft.aufirst=Jeremy&rft.au=Reimer%2C%26%2332%3BJeremy&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.jeremyreimer.com%2Ftotal_share.html&rfr_id=info:sid/en.wikipedia.org:Personal_computer"><span style="display: none;"> </span></span></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_1"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-1">^</a></strong> <span class="citation book">Ralston, Anthony; Reilly, Edwin (1993). "Workstation". <em>Encyclopedia of Computer Science</em> (Third Edition ed.). New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold. <a href="/International_Standard_Book_Number" title="International Standard Book Number">ISBN</a> 0442276796.</span><span class="Z3988" title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=bookitem&rft.btitle=Workstation&rft.atitle=Encyclopedia+of+Computer+Science&rft.aulast=Ralston&rft.aufirst=Anthony&rft.au=Ralston%2C%26%2332%3BAnthony&rft.au=Reilly%2C+Edwin&rft.date=1993&rft.edition=Third+Edition&rft.place=New+York&rft.pub=Van+Nostrand+Reinhold&rft.isbn=0442276796&rfr_id=info:sid/en.wikipedia.org:Personal_computer"><span style="display: none;"> </span></span></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_cnet_2"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-cnet_2-0">^</a></strong> <a href="http://news.cnet.com/2100-1040-940713.html" class="external text" rel="nofollow">personal computers: More than 1 billion served</a></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_3"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-3">^</a></strong> <a href="http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/2077986.stm" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Computers reach one billion mark</a></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_cw2009_01_13_4"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-cw2009-01-13_4-0">^</a></strong> <a href="http://www.pcworld.com/article/133102/isuppli_raises_2007_computer_sales_forecast.html" class="external text" rel="nofollow">ISuppli Raises 2007 Computer Sales Forecast</a>, pcworld.com, accessed at 13 January 2009</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_mw2009_01_13_5"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-mw2009-01-13_5-0">^</a></strong> <a href="http://www.macworld.co.uk/business/news/index.cfm?newsid=18326" class="external text" rel="nofollow">iSuppli raises 2007 computer sales forecast</a>, macworld.co.uk, accessed at 13 January 2009</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_nf2009_01_13_6"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-nf2009-01-13_6-0">^</a></strong> <a href="http://www.newsfactor.com/story.xhtml?story_id=30526&full_skip=1" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Global PC Sales Leveling Off</a>, newsfactor.com, accessed at 13 January 2009</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_cnet2009_01_13_7">^ <a href="#cite_ref-cnet2009-01-13_7-0"><sup><em><strong>a</strong></em></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-cnet2009-01-13_7-1"><sup><em><strong>b</strong></em></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-cnet2009-01-13_7-2"><sup><em><strong>c</strong></em></sup></a> <a href="http://news.cnet.com/HP-back-on-top-of-PC-market/2100-1003_3-5141213.html" class="external text" rel="nofollow">HP back on top of PC market</a>, accessed at 13 January 2009</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_lat2009_01_13_8"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-lat2009-01-13_8-0">^</a></strong> <a href="http://articles.latimes.com/2000/jan/24/business/fi-57038" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Dell Passes Compaq as Top PC Seller in U.S</a>, latimes.com, accessed at 13 January 2009</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_za2009_01_13_9"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-za2009-01-13_9-0">^</a></strong> <a href="http://www.zdnetasia.com/news/hardware/0,39042972,13025480,00.htm" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Economic recovery bumps AP 1999 PC shipments to record high</a>, zdnetasia.com, accessed at 13 January 2009</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_10"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-10">^</a></strong> <a href="http://www.gartner.com/it/page.jsp?id=703807" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Gartner Says More than 1 Billion PCs In Use Worldwide and Headed to 2 Billion Units by 2014</a></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_11"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-11">^</a></strong> <a href="http://www.reuters.com/article/technologyNews/idUSL2324525420080623" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Computers in use pass 1 billion mark: Gartner</a></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_12"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-12">^</a></strong> <a href="http://www.olpcnews.com/use_cases/technology/4p_computing_olpc_impact.html" class="external free" rel="nofollow">http://www.olpcnews.com/use_cases/technology/4p_computing_olpc_impact.html</a></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_13"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-13">^</a></strong> <a href="http://www.ruggedpcreview.com/2_leaders.html" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Rugged PC leaders</a></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_14"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-14">^</a></strong> <a href="http://www.eweek.com/c/a/Windows/Netbooks-Are-Destroying-the-Laptop-Market-and-Microsoft-Needs-to-Act-Now-863307/" class="external free" rel="nofollow">http://www.eweek.com/c/a/Windows/Netbooks-Are-Destroying-the-Laptop-Market-and-Microsoft-Needs-to-Act-Now-863307/</a></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_15"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-15">^</a></strong> <a href="http://www.cio.com/article/509556/Falling_PC_Prices_Pit_Microsoft_Against_PC_Makers" class="external free" rel="nofollow">http://www.cio.com/article/509556/Falling_PC_Prices_Pit_Microsoft_Against_PC_Makers</a></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_cnnogg_16">^ <a href="#cite_ref-cnnogg_16-0"><sup><em><strong>a</strong></em></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-cnnogg_16-1"><sup><em><strong>b</strong></em></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-cnnogg_16-2"><sup><em><strong>c</strong></em></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-cnnogg_16-3"><sup><em><strong>d</strong></em></sup></a> <span class="citation web"><a href="http://www.cnn.com/2009/TECH/ptech/08/20/cnet.drop.netbook.label/index.html" class="external text" rel="nofollow">"Time to drop the Netbook label"</a>. CNN, Erica Ogg, August 20, 2009<span class="printonly">. <a href="http://www.cnn.com/2009/TECH/ptech/08/20/cnet.drop.netbook.label/index.html" class="external free" rel="nofollow">http://www.cnn.com/2009/TECH/ptech/08/20/cnet.drop.netbook.label/index.html</a></span>.</span><span class="Z3988" title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=bookitem&rft.btitle=Time+to+drop+the+Netbook+label&rft.atitle=&rft.pub=CNN%2C+Erica+Ogg%2C+August+20%2C+2009&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.cnn.com%2F2009%2FTECH%2Fptech%2F08%2F20%2Fcnet.drop.netbook.label%2Findex.html&rfr_id=info:sid/en.wikipedia.org:Personal_computer"><span style="display: none;"> </span></span></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_wsj_17"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-wsj_17-0">^</a></strong> <span class="citation web"><a href="http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052970203674704574332522805119180.html" class="external text" rel="nofollow">"New Netbook Offers Long Battery Life and Room to Type"</a>. The Wall Street Journal Online, Personal Technology, Walt Mossberg, August 6, 2009<span class="printonly">. <a href="http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052970203674704574332522805119180.html" class="external free" rel="nofollow">http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052970203674704574332522805119180.html</a></span>.</span><span class="Z3988" title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=bookitem&rft.btitle=New+Netbook+Offers+Long+Battery+Life+and+Room+to+Type&rft.atitle=&rft.pub=The+Wall+Street+Journal+Online%2C+Personal+Technology%2C+Walt+Mossberg%2C+August+6%2C+2009&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fonline.wsj.com%2Farticle%2FSB10001424052970203674704574332522805119180.html&rfr_id=info:sid/en.wikipedia.org:Personal_computer"><span style="display: none;"> </span></span></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_btwsj_18"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-btwsj_18-0">^</a></strong> <span class="citation web"><a href="http://blogs.wsj.com/biztech/2008/12/08/cheap-pcs-weigh-on-microsoft/" class="external text" rel="nofollow">"Cheap PCs Weigh on Microsoft"</a>. Business Technologies, The Wall Street Journal, December 8, 2008<span class="printonly">. <a href="http://blogs.wsj.com/biztech/2008/12/08/cheap-pcs-weigh-on-microsoft/" class="external free" rel="nofollow">http://blogs.wsj.com/biztech/2008/12/08/cheap-pcs-weigh-on-microsoft/</a></span>.</span><span class="Z3988" title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=bookitem&rft.btitle=Cheap+PCs+Weigh+on+Microsoft&rft.atitle=&rft.pub=Business+Technologies%2C+The+Wall+Street+Journal%2C+December+8%2C+2008&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fblogs.wsj.com%2Fbiztech%2F2008%2F12%2F08%2Fcheap-pcs-weigh-on-microsoft%2F&rfr_id=info:sid/en.wikipedia.org:Personal_computer"><span style="display: none;"> </span></span></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_19"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-19">^</a></strong> <a href="http://www.elitezoom.com/umid-netbook-only-48-display.html" class="external text" rel="nofollow">UMID Netbook Only 4.8″</a></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_20"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-20">^</a></strong> <a href="http://www.futurelooks.com/ces-2009-msi-unveils-the-x320-macbook-air-clone-netbook/" class="external text" rel="nofollow">CES 2009 - MSI Unveils the X320 “MacBook Air Clone” Netbook</a></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_pricegrabber_21"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-pricegrabber_21-0">^</a></strong> <span class="citation book"><a href="https://mr.pricegrabber.com/Netbook_Trends_and_SolidState_Technology_January_2009_CBR.pdf" class="external text" rel="nofollow"><em>Netbook Trends and Solid-State Technology Forecast</em></a>. pricegrabber.com. pp. 7<span class="printonly">. <a href="https://mr.pricegrabber.com/Netbook_Trends_and_SolidState_Technology_January_2009_CBR.pdf" class="external free" rel="nofollow">https://mr.pricegrabber.com/Netbook_Trends_and_SolidState_Technology_January_2009_CBR.pdf</a></span><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved 2009-01-28</span>.</span><span class="Z3988" title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=book&rft.btitle=Netbook+Trends+and+Solid-State+Technology+Forecast&rft.pages=pp.%26nbsp%3B7&rft.pub=pricegrabber.com&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fmr.pricegrabber.com%2FNetbook_Trends_and_SolidState_Technology_January_2009_CBR.pdf&rfr_id=info:sid/en.wikipedia.org:Personal_computer"><span style="display: none;"> </span></span></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_22"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-22">^</a></strong> <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2009/04/02/technology/02netbooks.html" class="external text" rel="nofollow">"Light and Cheap, Netbooks Are Poised to Reshape PC Industry"</a> (<em>The New York Times</em> - April 1, 2009: "AT&T announced on Tuesday that customers in Atlanta could get a type of compact PC called a netbook for just 50 US$ if they signed up for an Internet service plan..." - “The era of a perfect Internet computer for 99 US$ is coming this year,” said Jen-Hsun Huang, the chief executive of Nvidia, a maker of PC graphics chips that is trying to adapt to the new technological order.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_23"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-23">^</a></strong> <a href="http://www.pcworld.com/article/172444/microsoft_courier_heats_up_tablet_sector.html" class="external free" rel="nofollow">http://www.pcworld.com/article/172444/microsoft_courier_heats_up_tablet_sector.html</a></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_24"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-24">^</a></strong> <a href="http://www.pocketpcmag.com/_archives/jun07/newwmdev.aspx" class="external text" rel="nofollow">New Windows Mobile 6 Devices :: Jun/Jul 2007</a></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_25"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-25">^</a></strong> Berkeley Lab. <a href="http://www.lbl.gov/ehs/pub811/hazards/ergonomics.html" class="external text" rel="nofollow"><em>Integrated Safety Management: Ergonomics</em></a>. Website. Retrieved 9 July 2008.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_26"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-26">^</a></strong> The <a href="/NeXT" title="NeXT">NeXT</a> computer introduced in 1988 did not include a floppy drive, which at the time was unusual.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_27"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-27">^</a></strong> <span class="citation web"><a href="http://www.wordreference.com/definition/software" class="external text" rel="nofollow">"Wordreference.com: WordNet 2.0"</a>. Princeton University, Princeton, NJ<span class="printonly">. <a href="http://www.wordreference.com/definition/software" class="external free" rel="nofollow">http://www.wordreference.com/definition/software</a></span><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved 2007-08-19</span>.</span><span class="Z3988" title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=bookitem&rft.btitle=Wordreference.com%3A+WordNet+2.0&rft.atitle=&rft.pub=Princeton+University%2C+Princeton%2C+NJ&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.wordreference.com%2Fdefinition%2Fsoftware&rfr_id=info:sid/en.wikipedia.org:Personal_computer"><span style="display: none;"> </span></span></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_28"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-28">^</a></strong> <a href="http://marketshare.hitslink.com/report.aspx?qprid=8" class="external autonumber" rel="nofollow">[1]</a>- Marketshare.com</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_aboutcomnov_29"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-aboutcomnov_29-0">^</a></strong> <span class="citation web"><a href="http://inventors.about.com/od/mstartinventions/a/Windows.htm?rd=1" class="external text" rel="nofollow">"http://inventors.about.com/od/mstartinventions/a/Windows.htm?rd=1"</a><span class="printonly">. <a href="http://inventors.about.com/od/mstartinventions/a/Windows.htm?rd=1" class="external free" rel="nofollow">http://inventors.about.com/od/mstartinventions/a/Windows.htm?rd=1</a></span><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved 2007-04-22</span>.</span><span class="Z3988" title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=bookitem&rft.btitle=http%3A%2F%2Finventors.about.com%2Fod%2Fmstartinventions%2Fa%2FWindows.htm%3Frd%3D1&rft.atitle=&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Finventors.about.com%2Fod%2Fmstartinventions%2Fa%2FWindows.htm%3Frd%3D1&rfr_id=info:sid/en.wikipedia.org:Personal_computer"><span style="display: none;"> </span></span></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_linuxworld_30"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-linuxworld_30-0">^</a></strong> <a href="http://www.linuxworld.com.au/index.php/id;940707233;fp;2;fpid;1" class="external text" rel="nofollow">IDC: Consolidation to Windows won't happen</a></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_31"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-31">^</a></strong> <span class="citation web"><a href="http://www.linux.org/info/index.html" class="external text" rel="nofollow">"Linux Online ─ About the Linux Operating System"</a>. Linux.org<span class="printonly">. <a href="http://www.linux.org/info/index.html" class="external free" rel="nofollow">http://www.linux.org/info/index.html</a></span><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved 2007-07-06</span>.</span><span class="Z3988" title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=bookitem&rft.btitle=Linux+Online+%E2%94%80+About+the+Linux+Operating+System&rft.atitle=&rft.pub=Linux.org&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.linux.org%2Finfo%2Findex.html&rfr_id=info:sid/en.wikipedia.org:Personal_computer"><span style="display: none;"> </span></span></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_lsag_32"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-lsag_32-0">^</a></strong> <span class="citation book">Weeks, Alex (2004). <a href="http://www.tldp.org/LDP/sag/html/sag.html#GNU-OR-NOT" class="external text" rel="nofollow">"1.1"</a>. <em>Linux System Administrator's Guide</em> (version 0.9 ed.)<span class="printonly">. <a href="http://www.tldp.org/LDP/sag/html/sag.html#GNU-OR-NOT" class="external free" rel="nofollow">http://www.tldp.org/LDP/sag/html/sag.html#GNU-OR-NOT</a></span><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved 2007-01-18</span>.</span><span class="Z3988" title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=bookitem&rft.btitle=1.1&rft.atitle=Linux+System+Administrator%27s+Guide&rft.aulast=Weeks&rft.aufirst=Alex&rft.au=Weeks%2C%26%2332%3BAlex&rft.date=2004&rft.edition=version+0.9&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.tldp.org%2FLDP%2Fsag%2Fhtml%2Fsag.html%23GNU-OR-NOT&rfr_id=info:sid/en.wikipedia.org:Personal_computer"><span style="display: none;"> </span></span></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_33"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-33">^</a></strong> <span class="citation web">Lyons, Daniel. <a href="http://www.forbes.com/home/enterprisetech/2005/03/15/cz_dl_0315linux.html" class="external text" rel="nofollow">"Linux rules supercomputers"</a><span class="printonly">. <a href="http://www.forbes.com/home/enterprisetech/2005/03/15/cz_dl_0315linux.html" class="external free" rel="nofollow">http://www.forbes.com/home/enterprisetech/2005/03/15/cz_dl_0315linux.html</a></span><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved 2007-02-22</span>.</span><span class="Z3988" title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=bookitem&rft.btitle=Linux+rules+supercomputers&rft.atitle=&rft.aulast=Lyons&rft.aufirst=Daniel&rft.au=Lyons%2C%26%2332%3BDaniel&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.forbes.com%2Fhome%2Fenterprisetech%2F2005%2F03%2F15%2Fcz_dl_0315linux.html&rfr_id=info:sid/en.wikipedia.org:Personal_computer"><span style="display: none;"> </span></span></li> </ol> </div> <h2><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_External_links">External links</span></h2> <ul> <li><a href="/How_Stuff_Works" title="How Stuff Works" class="mw-redirect">How Stuff Works</a> pages: <ul> <li><a href="http://videos.howstuffworks.com/harvard-extension-schools-computer-science-e-1-understand/1290-dissecting-a-pc-video.htm" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Dissecting a PC</a></li> <li><a href="http://computer.howstuffworks.com/pc.htm" class="external text" rel="nofollow">How PCs Work</a></li> <li><a href="http://videos.howstuffworks.com/labratstv/3548-how-to-upgrade-your-computer-video.htm" class="external text" rel="nofollow">How to Upgrade Your Computer</a></li> </ul> </li> <li><a href="http://www.wikihow.com/Build-a-Computer" class="extiw" title="wikihow:Build-a-Computer">How to Build a Computer</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.appropedia.org/Low_cost_computer_guide" class="extiw" title="appropedia:Low cost computer guide">Low cost computer guide</a></li> <li><a href="http://thepcreport.net/tutorials/know-the-parts-of-your-computer/" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Know the parts of your computer</a></li> </ul> <table class="navbox" cellspacing="0" style=";"> <tr> <td style="padding:2px;"> <table cellspacing="0" class="nowraplinks collapsible autocollapse" style="width:100%;background:transparent;color:inherit;;"> <tr> <th style=";" colspan="3" class="navbox-title"><span class="" style="font-size:110%;"><a href="/List_of_computer_size_categories" title="List of computer size categories">Computer sizes</a></span></th> </tr> <tr style="height:2px;"> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="navbox-abovebelow" style=";" colspan="3"><a href="/Classes_of_computers" title="Classes of computers">Classes of computers</a></td> </tr> <tr style="height:2px;"> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="navbox-group" style=";padding:0.35em 1.0em; line-height:1.1em;;">Larger</td> <td style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px;;;padding:0.25em 0; line-height:1.4em;" class="navbox-list navbox-odd"> <div style="padding:0em 0.25em"><span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Supercomputer" title="Supercomputer">Super</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Minisupercomputer" title="Minisupercomputer">Minisuper</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Mainframe_computer" title="Mainframe computer">Mainframe</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Minicomputer" title="Minicomputer">Mini</a> (<a href="/Midrange_computer" title="Midrange computer">Midrange</a>) <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Superminicomputer" title="Superminicomputer">Supermini</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Server_computer" title="Server computer">Server</a></span></div> </td> <td style="width:0%;padding:0px 0px 0px 2px;" rowspan="7"><img alt="Cray-2" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/01/1/6/1/0537172322152985.jpg" width="120" height="90" /> </td> </tr> <tr style="height:2px"> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="navbox-group" style=";padding:0.35em 1.0em; line-height:1.1em;;"><a href="/Microcomputer" title="Microcomputer">Micro</a></td> <td style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px;;;padding:0.25em 0; line-height:1.4em;" class="navbox-list navbox-even"> <div style="padding:0em 0.25em"><span style="white-space:nowrap"><strong class="selflink">Personal</strong> (<a href="/Workstation" title="Workstation">Workstation</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Desktop_computer" title="Desktop computer">Desktop</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Home_computer" title="Home computer">Home</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Small_form_factor" title="Small form factor">SFF</a> (<a href="/Nettop" title="Nettop">Nettop</a>)</span>) <strong>·</strong> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Plug_computer" title="Plug computer">Plug</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Portable_computer" title="Portable computer">Portable</a></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height:2px"> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="navbox-group" style=";padding:0.35em 1.0em; line-height:1.1em;;"><a href="/Mobile_computing" title="Mobile computing">Mobile</a></td> <td style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px;;;" class="navbox-list navbox-odd"> <table cellspacing="0" class="nowraplinks navbox-subgroup" style="width:100%;;;;"> <tr> <td colspan="2" style="width:100%;padding:0px;padding:0.15em 0; line-height:1.4em;;;" class="navbox-list navbox-odd"> <div style="padding:0em 0.25em"><span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Desktop_replacement_computer" title="Desktop replacement computer">Desktop replacement computer</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Laptop" title="Laptop">Laptop</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Subnotebook" title="Subnotebook">Subnotebook</a> (<a href="/Netbook" title="Netbook">Netbook</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Smartbook" title="Smartbook">Smartbook</a>) <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Tablet_PC" title="Tablet PC">Tablet</a> (<a href="/Ultra-Mobile_PC" title="Ultra-Mobile PC">Ultra-Mobile PC</a>) <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Portable_data_terminal" title="Portable data terminal">Portable</a>/<a href="/Mobile_data_terminal" title="Mobile data terminal">Mobile data terminal</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Electronic_organizer" title="Electronic organizer">Electronic organizer</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/List_of_e-book_readers" title="List of e-book readers" class="mw-redirect">E-book reader</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Pocket_computer" title="Pocket computer">Pocket computer</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Handheld_game_console" title="Handheld game console">Handheld game console</a></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height:2px"> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="navbox-group" style=";padding-left:0em;padding-right:0em;font-weight:normal;;"> <div style="padding:0em 0.75em;"><a href="/Wearable_computer" title="Wearable computer">Wearable computer</a></div> </td> <td style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px;padding:0.15em 0; line-height:1.4em;;;" class="navbox-list navbox-even"> <div style="padding:0em 0.25em"><span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Calculator_watch" title="Calculator watch">Calculator watch</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Virtual_retinal_display" title="Virtual retinal display">Virtual retinal display</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Head-mounted_display" title="Head-mounted display">Head-mounted display</a> (<a href="/Head-up_display" title="Head-up display">Head-up display</a>)</span></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height:2px"> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="navbox-group" style=";padding-left:0em;padding-right:0em;font-weight:normal;;"> <div style="padding:0em 0.75em;"><span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Personal_digital_assistant" title="Personal digital assistant">PDAs</a>/<a href="/Information_appliance" title="Information appliance">IAs</a></span></div> </td> <td style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px;padding:0.15em 0; line-height:1.4em;;;" class="navbox-list navbox-odd"> <div style="padding:0em 0.25em"><span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Handheld_PC" title="Handheld PC">Handheld PC</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Pocket_PC" title="Pocket PC">Pocket PC</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Smartphone" title="Smartphone">Smartphone</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Portable_media_player" title="Portable media player">PMPs</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Digital_audio_player" title="Digital audio player">DAPs</a></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height:2px"> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="navbox-group" style=";padding-left:0em;padding-right:0em;font-weight:normal;;"> <div style="padding:0em 0.75em;"><a href="/Calculator" title="Calculator">Calculators</a></div> </td> <td style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px;padding:0.15em 0; line-height:1.4em;;;" class="navbox-list navbox-even"> <div style="padding:0em 0.25em"><span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Scientific_calculator" title="Scientific calculator">Scientific</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Programmable_calculator" title="Programmable calculator">Programmable</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Graphing_calculator" title="Graphing calculator">Graphing</a></span></div> </td> </tr> </table> </td> </tr> <tr style="height:2px"> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="navbox-group" style=";padding:0.35em 1.0em; line-height:1.1em;;">Others</td> <td style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px;;;padding:0.25em 0; line-height:1.4em;" class="navbox-list navbox-even"> <div style="padding:0em 0.25em"><span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Single-board_computer" title="Single-board computer">Single-board computer</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Wireless_sensor_network" title="Wireless sensor network">Wireless sensor network</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Microcontroller" title="Microcontroller">Microcontroller</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Smartdust" title="Smartdust">Smartdust</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Nanocomputer" title="Nanocomputer">Nanocomputer</a></span></div> </td> </tr> </table> </td> </tr> </table> <table class="navbox" cellspacing="0" style=";"> <tr> <td style="padding:2px;"> <table cellspacing="0" class="nowraplinks collapsible autocollapse" style="width:100%;background:transparent;color:inherit;;"> <tr> <th style=";" colspan="2" class="navbox-title"><span class="" style="font-size:110%;"><a href="/Time_Person_of_the_Year" title="Time Person of the Year"><em>Time</em> Persons of the Year</a></span></th> </tr> <tr style="height:2px;"> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td colspan="2" style="width:100%;padding:0px;;;" class="navbox-list navbox-odd"> <div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> <div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a href="/Jimmy_Carter" title="Jimmy Carter">Jimmy Carter</a> (1976) <strong>·</strong> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Anwar_El_Sadat" title="Anwar El Sadat">Anwar Sadat</a> (1977) <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Deng_Xiaoping" title="Deng Xiaoping">Deng Xiaoping</a> (1978) <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Ruhollah_Khomeini" title="Ruhollah Khomeini">Ayatollah Khomeini</a> (1979) <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Ronald_Reagan" title="Ronald Reagan">Ronald Reagan</a> (1980) <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Lech_Wa%C5%82%C4%99sa" title="Lech Wałęsa">Lech Wałęsa</a> (1981) <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><strong class="selflink">The Computer</strong> (1982) <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Ronald_Reagan" title="Ronald Reagan">Ronald Reagan</a> / <a href="/Yuri_Andropov" title="Yuri Andropov">Yuri Andropov</a> (1983) <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Peter_Ueberroth" title="Peter Ueberroth">Peter Ueberroth</a> (1984) <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Deng_Xiaoping" title="Deng Xiaoping">Deng Xiaoping</a> (1985) <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Corazon_Aquino" title="Corazon Aquino">Corazon Aquino</a> (1986) <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Mikhail_Gorbachev" title="Mikhail Gorbachev">Mikhail Gorbachev</a> (1987) <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Earth" title="Earth">The Endangered Earth</a> (1988) <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Mikhail_Gorbachev" title="Mikhail Gorbachev">Mikhail Gorbachev</a> (1989) <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/George_H._W._Bush" title="George H. W. Bush">George H. W. Bush</a> (1990) <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Ted_Turner" title="Ted Turner">Ted Turner</a> (1991) <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Bill_Clinton" title="Bill Clinton">Bill Clinton</a> (1992) <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap">“The Peacemakers”: <a href="/Yasser_Arafat" title="Yasser Arafat">Yasser Arafat</a> / <a href="/Frederik_Willem_de_Klerk" title="Frederik Willem de Klerk">F.W. de Klerk</a> / <a href="/Nelson_Mandela" title="Nelson Mandela">Nelson Mandela</a> / <a href="/Yitzhak_Rabin" title="Yitzhak Rabin">Yitzhak Rabin</a> (1993) <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Pope_John_Paul_II" title="Pope John Paul II">Pope John Paul II</a> (1994) <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Newt_Gingrich" title="Newt Gingrich">Newt Gingrich</a> (1995) <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/David_Ho_(scientist)" title="David Ho (scientist)">David Ho</a> (1996) <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Andrew_Grove" title="Andrew Grove">Andrew Grove</a> (1997) <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Bill_Clinton" title="Bill Clinton">Bill Clinton</a> / <a href="/Kenneth_Starr" title="Kenneth Starr">Kenneth Starr</a> (1998) <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Jeff_Bezos" title="Jeff Bezos">Jeffrey P. Bezos</a> (1999) <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/George_W._Bush" title="George W. Bush">George W. Bush</a> (2000)</span></div> </div> </div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height:2px;"> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="navbox-abovebelow" style=";background: transparent; border-top: 1px solid #C0C0C0;" colspan="2">Complete roster<span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> 1927–1950<span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> 1951–1975<span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <strong>1976–2000</strong><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> 2001–present</td> </tr> </table> </td> </tr> </table> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><span id="wikipedia_interwiki_ka_fa"></span></div> <div id='catlinks' class='catlinks'> <div id="wikipedia_mw_normal_catlinks">Categories: <span dir='ltr'><a href="/Category:Office_equipment" title="Category:Office equipment">Office equipment</a></span> | <span dir='ltr'><a href="/Category:Personal_computers" title="Category:Personal computers">Personal computers</a></span></div> <div id="wikipedia_mw_hidden_catlinks" class="mw-hidden-cats-hidden">Hidden categories: <span dir='ltr'><a href="/Category:Wikipedia_indefinitely_move-protected_pages" title="Category:Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages">Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages</a></span> | <span dir='ltr'><a href="/Category:Articles_needing_additional_references_from_September_2008" title="Category:Articles needing additional references from September 2008">Articles needing additional references from September 2008</a></span> | <span dir='ltr'><a href="/Category:All_articles_needing_additional_references" title="Category:All articles needing additional references">All articles needing additional references</a></span> | <span dir='ltr'><a href="/Category:Articles_needing_additional_references_from_June_2008" title="Category:Articles needing additional references from June 2008">Articles needing additional references from June 2008</a></span></div> </div> </div> </div> </div><br/> </div> <div class="section-delimeter"></div> <div class="section" id="gaming_wikia"> <h1 class="section-title"> <a name="gaming_wikia">Gaming</a> </h1> <div style="float:right"> <span class="core-uptodate">Up to date as of February 01, 2010</span> <br> </div> <div class="fragment"> <div id="citable_wikis_fragments"> <div id="gaming_wikia_bodyContent"> <h3 id="gaming_wikia_siteSub"><a name="citable__700" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="700">From Wikia Gaming, your source for walkthroughs, games, guides, and more!</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="700"><a href="#citable__700"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I tend to disagree with your point that more and more will be done through gaming consoles considering the initial cost of a PS3 is 500+ dollars.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">www.blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="700"><a href="#citable__700"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>If you want to write your own scripts on open source software for scientific analysis, then the Mac offers you more control and power period.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> A Different Kind of Personal Computer ~ Chris Pirillo</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://chris.pirillo.com/a-different-kind-of-personal-computer/">chris.pirillo.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="700"><a href="#citable__700"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>By installing Ubuntu, your PS3 becomes much more than just a game console.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">www.blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </h3> <table id="gaming_wikia_toc" class="toc" summary="Contents"> <tr> <td> <div id="gaming_wikia_toctitle"> <h2>Contents</h2> </div> <ul> <li class="toclevel-1"><a rel="nofollow" href="#History"><span class="tocnumber">1</span> <span class="toctext">History</span></a></li> <li class="toclevel-1"><a rel="nofollow" href="#Modern_systems"><span class="tocnumber">2</span> <span class="toctext">Modern systems</span></a></li> <li class="toclevel-1"><a rel="nofollow" href="#PC_games"><span class="tocnumber">3</span> <span class="toctext">PC games</span></a></li> <li class="toclevel-1"><a rel="nofollow" href="#See_also"><span class="tocnumber">4</span> <span class="toctext">See also</span></a></li> </ul> </td> </tr> </table> <script type="text/javascript"> wgAfterContentAndJS.push(function() { if (window.showTocToggle) { window.tocShowText = "show"; window.tocHideText = "hide"; showTocToggle();}}); </script> <a rel="nofollow" name="History" id="gaming_wikia_History"></a> <h2><span class="mw-headline">History</span></h2> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__286" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="286">The <strong>personal computer</strong> (PC) as we know it today was created in a garage by Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak, founders of Apple Computer.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="286"><a href="#citable__286"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The first personal computer (PC), the Linc.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://incomphist.blogspot.com/">incomphist.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="286"><a href="#citable__286"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Apple PC performs the first computer wedding.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://incomphist.blogspot.com/">incomphist.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="286"><a href="#citable__286"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>When Steve Jobs said the iPhone would be open to Web applications he meant applications that worked through the Apple Safari browser, not applications that worked natively as part of the iPhone menu.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>patrickWeb</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.patrickweb.com/weblog/categories/personal_computing/index.html">www.patrickweb.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__573" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="573">At the time (1976), commercial computer manufacturers thought that the notion of a computer for the average person was absurd.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="573"><a href="#citable__573"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It’s time the computer became personal again and working for you, not wasting your time.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Daily Techno-Babble » 4 Reasons Why Windows Vista Is Just Not Worth It</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.dailytechnobabble.com/2006/11/09/4-reasons-why-windows-vista-is-just-not-worth-it/">www.dailytechnobabble.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="573"><a href="#citable__573"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In the same issue reporting the Cuban missle crisis (November 2), The New York Times, first uses the term "personal computer."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://incomphist.blogspot.com/">incomphist.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="573"><a href="#citable__573"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>IBM decides not to invest in the commercial manufacturing of computers.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://incomphist.blogspot.com/">incomphist.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__91" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="91">The Steves turned the computer industry on its head with the idea of a usable, friendly computer, which home users could not only afford, but actually get utility from in a timely and intuitive manner.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="91"><a href="#citable__91"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Due to cost constraints, we could only purchase stand-alone drives rather than fully configured second-hand computers from which the drives could be physically extracted.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>An Evaluation of Personal Health Information Remnants in Second-Hand Personal Computer Disk Drives</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2047285/">www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="91"><a href="#citable__91"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>These utilities also allow some users with disabilities to roam among multiple computers in their organization.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Deploying Windows XP Part I: Planning</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb457061.aspx">technet.microsoft.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="91"><a href="#citable__91"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>You can administer all users, groups, and computers via either Microsoft or Novell utilities.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows NT</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nerdworldnj.com/tips/windows_nt.htm">www.nerdworldnj.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__280" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="280">Most personal computers in the pre-Windows era used the <a href="/BASIC" title="BASIC">BASIC</a> programming language as its chief operating system, although games written for the computers also used <a href="/Assembly" title="Assembly">assembly</a> language.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="280"><a href="#citable__280"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It uses Linux as the underlying operating system.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>patrickWeb</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.patrickweb.com/weblog/categories/personal_computing/index.html">www.patrickweb.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="280"><a href="#citable__280"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Windows is a modest operating system ...</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Longhorn Gets a Name: Windows Vista | Betanews</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.betanews.com/article/Longhorn-Gets-a-Name-Windows-Vista/1122002477">www.betanews.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="280"><a href="#citable__280"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The program we will use is called Windows Explorer .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Windows Shell Tutorial</c_title></em> <c_date>11 January 2010 6:35 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.horstmann.com/bigj/help/windows/tutorial.html">www.horstmann.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__519" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="519">The IBM PC and its early line of compatibles were known to use <a href="/DOS" title="DOS">MS-DOS</a> as its operating system.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="519"><a href="#citable__519"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It uses Linux as the underlying operating system.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>patrickWeb</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.patrickweb.com/weblog/categories/personal_computing/index.html">www.patrickweb.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="519"><a href="#citable__519"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Su modelo de memoria lineal de 32 bits elimina los segmentos de memoria de 64 KB y la barrera de 640 KB de MS-DOS .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Introducción a Windows NT Server - Monografias.com</c_title></em> <c_date>25 January 2010 16:016 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.monografias.com/trabajos11/introwin/introwin.shtml">www.monografias.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="519"><a href="#citable__519"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Tony Higgins : Others have alreasy gone over whether an operating system for a PC can be compared to an operating system for a smart phone, so I won't belabor that point.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Apple Watch -iPhone- iPhone 3G: Windows 95, Only Better</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 19:019 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://blogs.eweek.com/applewatch/content/iphone/iphone_3g_windows_95_only_better.html">blogs.eweek.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <a rel="nofollow" name="Modern_systems" id="gaming_wikia_Modern_systems"></a> <h2><span class="mw-headline">Modern systems</span></h2> <div class="thumb tright"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:182px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/05/3/3/2/3258669240272278.jpg" width="180" height="175" border="0" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/01/3/5/4/45392053833906104.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> A look inside the typical PC</div> </div> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__415" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="415">Today, after various business purloins and financial tricks, the term "PC" is synonymous not with Apple (who at one time marketed their iMac systems as the "un-PC"), and not even with the <a href="/IBM" title="IBM">IBM</a>-compatible machines that became prevalent in modern times, but with the <a href="/Microsoft_Windows" title="Microsoft Windows">Microsoft Windows</a> platform.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="415"><a href="#citable__415"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Was this a craftily timed Microsoft marketing leak?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Microsoft Watch - Windows 7 - Who Leaked Windows 7? </c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 1:29 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.microsoft-watch.com/content/windows_7/who_leaked_windows_7.html">www.microsoft-watch.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="415"><a href="#citable__415"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Essential Windows Tricks The verdict is in: Windows 7 is Microsoft's best operating system ever.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Continuing Coverage: Microsoft Windows 7 -- Vista Reloaded</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 1:29 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.computerworld.com/action/article.do?command=viewArticleBasic&articleId=9119998">www.computerworld.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="415"><a href="#citable__415"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Windows market share slide resumes Microsoft's Windows resumed its usual losing form last month as the operating system's overall usage share dropped even as Windows 7 posted a second straight month of gains, Net Applications said.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Continuing Coverage: Microsoft Windows 7 -- Vista Reloaded</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 1:29 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.computerworld.com/action/article.do?command=viewArticleBasic&articleId=9119998">www.computerworld.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__247" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="247">Very few PC games are compatible with anything but Windows, although some developers and publishers have trends of <a href="/Port" title="Port">porting</a> their games to the <a href="/Apple_Macintosh" title="Apple Macintosh">Apple Macintosh</a> and <a href="/Linux" title="Linux">Linux</a> <a href="/Operating_system" title="Operating system">operating systems</a> as well.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="247"><a href="#citable__247"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It uses Linux as the underlying operating system.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>patrickWeb</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.patrickweb.com/weblog/categories/personal_computing/index.html">www.patrickweb.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="247"><a href="#citable__247"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Windows is a modest operating system ...</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Longhorn Gets a Name: Windows Vista | Betanews</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.betanews.com/article/Longhorn-Gets-a-Name-Windows-Vista/1122002477">www.betanews.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="247"><a href="#citable__247"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Windows is a lifeless operating system.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Maclive.net:: Windows Vista: First of a Kind Features?</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.maclive.net/sid/134">www.maclive.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <a rel="nofollow" name="PC_games" id="gaming_wikia_PC_games"></a> <h2><span class="mw-headline">PC games</span></h2> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__653" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="653"><a href="/Console" title="Console">Console</a> games are generally regarded as very different from PC games, a result of the different levels of control on each (a few buttons on a console versus an entire keyboard on a PC) as well as of the expectations of the end user.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="653"><a href="#citable__653"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The game offers 4 different levels; has a comfortable keyboard control and record board .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Puzzles Windows Review</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 19:019 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.downloadpipe.com/Windows/games-entertainment-kids/review-Puzzles-929800.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+DownloadPipeNewUSASoftware+%28Up-to-the-minute+USA+software+news+on+DownloadPipe.com%29">www.downloadpipe.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="653"><a href="#citable__653"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>There are 3 main gaming console platforms right now… how many pc companies are there…?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">www.blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="653"><a href="#citable__653"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mark, it’s conceivable that the gaming boxes will become the home media system and displace PC’s in that regard.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">www.blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__138" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="138">A typical PC gamer has spent more money on his platform, is more patient about errors which may arise as the result of incompatibilities or freak system occurrences, and therefore has a more relaxed and thoughtful taste in games.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="138"><a href="#citable__138"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>[JAMA. 1995] Some unintended consequences of information technology in health care: the nature of patient care information system-related errors.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>An Evaluation of Personal Health Information Remnants in Second-Hand Personal Computer Disk Drives</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2047285/">www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="138"><a href="#citable__138"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Not too sure about security YET, but windows has a lot more support from programs and games.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Maclive.net:: Windows Vista: First of a Kind Features?</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.maclive.net/sid/134">www.maclive.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="138"><a href="#citable__138"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>By akindy on January 9, 2006 at 11:43 PM There's one thing that should be said about the whole Gaming Platform G5 bit...</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Maclive.net:: Windows Vista: First of a Kind Features?</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.maclive.net/sid/134">www.maclive.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__42" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="42">However, the argument can be made that with twitchy <a href="/First-person_shooter" title="First-person shooter">first-person shooter</a> prevalence on the PC, as well as recent consoles like the <a href="/Xbox" title="Xbox" class="mw-redirect">Xbox</a> and <a href="/Playstation_2" title="Playstation 2" class="mw-redirect">Playstation 2</a> and their successors approaching the multi-use functionality of a personal computer, the line between the platforms is blurring.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="42"><a href="#citable__42"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The first personal computer (PC), the Linc.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://incomphist.blogspot.com/">incomphist.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="42"><a href="#citable__42"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The personal pc reduced the market friction of using computers to do tasks.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">www.blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="42"><a href="#citable__42"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>All of the functions for selecting files and using the right mouse button to rename, copy, or delete files works the same in the Windows Explorer as it does in My Computer .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Web by Design: Introduction To Windows 95</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 19:019 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.iupui.edu/~webtrain/tutorials/win_95_intro.html">www.iupui.edu</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__717" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="717">PC games often have far better graphics over console games, due to the versatility of the PC platform and the overall more advanced hardware used in PCs that is not found in the current generation of consoles.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="717"><a href="#citable__717"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The longer you use your computer, the more clutter it collects and all unnecessary data will eventually impact on overall perfor...</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Free Downloads Encyclopedia - Softpedia</c_title></em> <c_date>11 January 2010 6:35 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://softpedia.com/">softpedia.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="717"><a href="#citable__717"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>There are 3 main gaming console platforms right now… how many pc companies are there…?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">www.blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="717"><a href="#citable__717"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Its Bios, Pre-Desktop (Non-OS), Hardware Diagnostics (Non-OS), construction quality and thinkvantage applications all set a new level amoung PCs and hardware vise better and more creative than Apple.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Maclive.net:: Windows Vista: First of a Kind Features?</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 2:10 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.maclive.net/sid/134">www.maclive.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__582" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="582">PCs can also be extensively upgraded with the latest high-end hardware, as opposed to the mid-range standard hardware used in consoles.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="582"><a href="#citable__582"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Which is a better consumer platform , using any low end PC to run all your non multimedia apps, or worrying about upgrading to VIsta ?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">www.blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="582"><a href="#citable__582"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Most high end video content these days is produced using special effects and 3D modeling.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>13 January 2010 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Future of Personal Computing ? « blog maverick</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.blogmaverick.com/2007/02/11/the-future-of-personal-computing/">www.blogmaverick.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="582"><a href="#citable__582"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Windows Media Player and Windows Media Center in Windows 7 have built-in support for more media formats so people can use their PC to play more media content and sync it to a broader range of devices.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>News from Microsoft Ireland - Windows Live</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 1:29 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://microsoftireland.spaces.live.com/">microsoftireland.spaces.live.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__370" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="370">However, upgrading can be expensive, often running into thousands of dollars as opposed to the hundreds spent on consoles.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="370"><a href="#citable__370"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>On a global scale the most conservative estimate of the related costs of Repetitive Strain Injury for example (RSI) runs into the hundreds of billions of dollars.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>News from Microsoft Ireland - Windows Live</c_title></em> <c_date>28 January 2010 1:29 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://microsoftireland.spaces.live.com/">microsoftireland.spaces.live.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="370"><a href="#citable__370"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>However, hundreds of millions of dollars have been spent on connectivity, the Y2K scare had pushed computer upgrades, email and the Internet have exploded, broadband has connected the world, satellites are up there, and information can be chopped, sliced, diced and reassembled anywhere in the world.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>AN INCOMPLETE HISTORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTING Ver. 6.3</c_title></em> <c_date>18 September 2009 9:09 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://incomphist.blogspot.com/">incomphist.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <a rel="nofollow" name="See_also" id="gaming_wikia_See_also"></a> <h2><span class="mw-headline">See also</span></h2> <ul> <li><a href="/Operating_system" title="Operating system">Operating system</a>, which limits which games a PC will support</li> <li><a href="/Microsoft_Windows" title="Microsoft Windows">Microsoft Windows</a>, a popular PC operating system</li> <li><a href="/Category:Windows_games" title="Category:Windows games">List of windows games</a></li> </ul> <table> <tr> <td width="50" valign="top"> <div class="floatleft"><img alt="Stub" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/02/9/8/2/5334943435782114.png" width="45" height="46" border="0" /></div> </td> <td>This article is a <strong>stub</strong>. You can help by <span class="plainlinks">adding to it.</span> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><small>Stubs are articles that writers have begun work on, but are not yet complete enough to be considered finished articles.</small></div> </td> </tr> </table> <div id='catlinks' class='catlinks'> <div id="gaming_wikia_mw_normal_catlinks">Categories: <span dir='ltr'><a href="/Category:Stub" title="Category:Stub">Stub</a></span> | <span dir='ltr'><a href="/Category:Personal_computers" title="Category:Personal computers">Personal computers</a></span></div> <div id="gaming_wikia_csAddCategorySwitch" class="noprint" style="position:relative;float:left;border: 1px solid #BBB;-moz-border-radius:3px;-webkit-border-radius:3px;padding:0 0 0 12px;background:#ddd url('http://images.wikia.com/common/skins/monaco/images/sprite.png?20100128') no-repeat -655px 1px;line-height: 16px;"><a href="#" onfocus="this.blur();" style="color:#000;font-size:0.85em;text-decoration:none;background:#ddd;display:block;padding:0 7px 0 3px" rel="nofollow">Add category</a></div> </div> </div> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div> </div> <br>This article uses material from the <a href="http://gaming.wikia.com/wiki/Personal_computer">"Personal computer"</a> article on the <a href="http://gaming.wikia.com/">Gaming wiki</a> at <a href="http://www.wikia.com/">Wikia</a> and is licensed under the <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/">Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License</a>. </div><br/> </div> <div class="section-delimeter"></div> <div class="section" id="simple_wikipedia"> <h1 class="section-title"> <a name="simple_wikipedia">Simple English</a> </h1> <div style="float:right"> </div> <div class="fragment"> <div id="simple_wikipedia_fragments"> <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd"> <html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"> <head> <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8" /> </head> <body> <p>Redirecting to <a href="/Personal_computer">Personal computer</a></p> </body> </html> </div> </div><br/> </div> <div class="section-delimeter"></div> </div> <div id="core_panel_main" > <div class="section" id="citable_sentences"> <h1 class="section-title"> <a name="citable_sentences">Citable sentences</a> </h1> <div style="float:right"> <span class="core-uptodate">Up to date as of December 17, 2010</span> <br> </div> <div class="fragment"> <div id="citable_fragments"> <div id="citableSentencesList"> <p> Here are sentences from other pages on Microsoft Windows, which are similar to those in the above article. <div id="citable__sentence_list"> </div> </p> </div> </div> </div><br/> </div> <div class="section-delimeter"></div> <div id="external_links_revision_history_tooltip"> </div> <script> $(document).ready(function() { $("#external_links_revision_history_fragments a[title]").tooltip({tip: '#external_links_revision_history_tooltip', effect: 'toggle', position: 'bottom right', offset: [-1,2], lazy: true, delay: 100}); $("#external_links_revision_history_fragments img[title]").tooltip({tip: '#external_links_revision_history_tooltip', position: 'bottom right', offset: [-1,0], lazy: true, effect: 'toggle'}); }); </script> <div class="section" id="related_links"> <h1 class="section-title"> <a name="related_links">Related links</a> </h1> <span class="core-uptodate">Up to date as of November 16, 2009</span> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/pep-red-8x11.jpg" align="bottom" title="We marked this link as controversial because it was removed and readded from Wikipedia <B>52</B> times."><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/tick-green-8x11.gif" align="bottom" title = "This page is marked authoritative because it has been included for <B>99%</B> of the life of the Wikipedia article."> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://computer.howstuffworks.com/pc.htm" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>But the <B>computer</B> that everyone thinks of first is typically the <B>personal</B> <B>computer</B>, or PC.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>Popular Electronics ran a story about the kid in its January 1975 issue, and to the surprise of just about everyone, the kits became an instant hit and the era of the <B>personal</B> <B>computer</B> began [source: The <B>Computer</B> History Project].</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>From that point on, the <B>personal</B> <B>computer</B> really began to take off.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://computer.howstuffworks.com/pc.htm>http://computer.howstuffworks.com/pc.htm</A>">Howstuffworks' article on "How PCs Work"</a> - HowStuffWorks "How PCs Work"</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/pep-red-8x11.jpg" align="bottom" title="We marked this link as controversial because it was removed and readded from Wikipedia <B>50</B> times over <B>a 3 year</B> period."><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/tick-green-8x11.gif" align="bottom" title = "This page is marked authoritative because it has been included for <B>72%</B> of the life of the Wikipedia article."> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.blinkenlights.com/pc.shtml" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>Pop Quiz: What was the first <B>personal</B> <B>computer</B>?</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>Let's define <B>personal</B> <B>computer</B> as a <B>computer</B> having the following attributes:</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>But no, the IBM 5100, introduced in September 1975, was IBM's first <B>personal</B> <B>computer</B>, but it was priced too high for most people to have considered.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.blinkenlights.com/pc.shtml>http://www.blinkenlights.com/pc.shtml</A>">BlinkenLights Archaeological Insititute - Personal Computer Milestones</a> - Personal Computer Milestones</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/pep-red-8x11.jpg" align="bottom" title="We marked this link as controversial because it was removed and readded from Wikipedia <B>50</B> times over <B>a 3 year</B> period."><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/tick-green-8x11.gif" align="bottom" title = "This page is marked authoritative because it has been included for <B>71%</B> of the life of the Wikipedia article."> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://arstechnica.com/articles/culture/total-share.ars" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>Total share: 30 years of <B>personal</B> <B>computer</B> market share figures</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>It's been a long, strange trip for the <B>personal</B> <B>computer</B> over 30 years.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>The idea of a <B>personal</B> <B>computer</B>, something small and light enough for someone to pick up and carry around, wasn't even on the radar.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://arstechnica.com/articles/culture/total-share.ars>http://arstechnica.com/articles/culture/total-share.ars</A>">"Total share: 30 years of personal computer market share figures"</a> - Total share: 30 years of personal computer market share figures - Ars Technica</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/pep-red-8x11.jpg" align="bottom" title="We marked this link as controversial because it was removed and readded from Wikipedia <B>43</B> times over <B>a 3 year</B> period."><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://pc-museum.com" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>The progress in the <B>computer</B> industry is so lightning fast that <B>computer</B>s will very quick become museum items.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>This <B>computer</B>, sometimes named PET 4032, is the follower to the classic PET 2001 (sadly missing in my collection).</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>The 12" monocrome screen is integrated with the <B>computer</B>.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://pc-museum.com>http://pc-museum.com</A>">Rune's PC Museum</a> - Rune's PC-Museum</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.pcguide.com" title="contains detailed historical and technical information.<br><br><A HREF=http://www.pcguide.com>http://www.pcguide.com</A>">The PC Guide</a> - Welcome to The PC Guide!</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/pep-red-8x11.jpg" align="bottom" title="We marked this link as controversial because it was removed and readded from Wikipedia <B>38</B> times over <B>a 2 year</B> period."><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://pc.wikicities.com" title="<A HREF=http://pc.wikicities.com>http://pc.wikicities.com</A>">Wikicity for PC enthuiasm</a></td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.old-computers.com" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>The company was originally called "Micro <B>Computer</B> Machines, Inc." (the term "micro <B>computer</B>" was all the rage in the early 70's) but sometime in the late 70's changed the name to simply "MCM <B>Computer</B>s".</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>Have a trip down memory lane re-discovering your old <B>computer</B>, console or software you used to have.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>Primarily it was designed as a terminal for big <B>computer</B> systems but it was also able to process data alone.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.old-computers.com>http://www.old-computers.com</A>">Old Computers Museum</a> - Welcome to OLD-COMPUTERS.COM !</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/pep-red-8x11.jpg" align="bottom" title="We marked this link as controversial because it was removed and readded from Wikipedia <B>24</B> times over <B>a 2 year</B> period."><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/issue_pdf/frontmatter_pdf/162/3852.pdf" title="<A HREF=http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/issue_pdf/frontmatter_pdf/162/3852.pdf>http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/issue_pdf/frontmatter_pdf/162/3852.pdf</A>">Restoring the Balance between Analysis and Computation</a></td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/pep-red-8x11.jpg" align="bottom" title="We marked this link as controversial because it was removed and readded from Wikipedia <B>24</B> times over <B>a 2 year</B> period."><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.hp.com/hpinfo/abouthp/histnfacts/museum/personalsystems/0021/other/0021ad.pdf" title=". This advertisement was too extreme for the target audience and replaced with a much drier ad for the<br><br><A HREF=http://www.hp.com/hpinfo/abouthp/histnfacts/museum/personalsystems/0021/other/0021ad.pdf>http://www.hp.com/hpinfo/abouthp/histnfacts/museum/personalsystems/0021/other/0021ad.pdf</A>">9100A desktop calculator, 1968</a></td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/pep-red-8x11.jpg" align="bottom" title="We marked this link as controversial because it was removed and readded from Wikipedia <B>23</B> times over <B>a 2 year</B> period."><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.digibarn.com/collections/mags/byte-sept-oct-1975/one/4.jpg" title="<A HREF=http://www.digibarn.com/collections/mags/byte-sept-oct-1975/one/4.jpg>http://www.digibarn.com/collections/mags/byte-sept-oct-1975/one/4.jpg</A>">What is BYTE</a></td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/pep-red-8x11.jpg" align="bottom" title="We marked this link as controversial because it was removed and readded from Wikipedia <B>23</B> times over <B>a 2 year</B> period."><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.commodore.ca/history/company/PET_Brochure/oldest_pet_brochure.htm" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>The Commodore PET -- Its technology is so advanced: its concept, so remarkable: its ease of operation, so utterly simple, and its cost so incredibly low, that over-night it has given rise to a brand new era --The Age of the <B>Personal</B> <B>Computer</B>.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>THE PET has become the standard for the emerging <B>personal</B> <B>computer</B> industry.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>By working through the routines you will quickly discover how easy it is to gain command of your <B>personal</B> <B>computer</B>.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.commodore.ca/history/company/PET_Brochure/oldest_pet_brochure.htm>http://www.commodore.ca/history/company/PET_Brochure/oldest_pet_brochure.htm</A>">commodore.ca | Oldest Known Commodore PET Brochure</a></td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/pep-red-8x11.jpg" align="bottom" title="We marked this link as controversial because it was removed and readded from Wikipedia <B>23</B> times over <B>a 2 year</B> period."><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.atariarchives.org/bcc2/showpage.php?page=11" title="<A HREF=http://www.atariarchives.org/bcc2/showpage.php?page=11>http://www.atariarchives.org/bcc2/showpage.php?page=11</A>">Personal computers may now prove to be less expensive and more efficient than time-sharing</a></td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/pep-red-8x11.jpg" align="bottom" title="We marked this link as controversial because it was removed and readded from Wikipedia <B>22</B> times over <B>a 2 year</B> period."><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.oldcomputermuseum.com/My_Collection.html" title="– Displaying over 100 historic machines.<br><br><A HREF=http://www.oldcomputermuseum.com/My_Collection.html>http://www.oldcomputermuseum.com/My_Collection.html</A>">Old Computers Museum</a> - Old Computer Museum</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/pep-red-8x11.jpg" align="bottom" title="We marked this link as controversial because it was removed and readded from Wikipedia <B>22</B> times over <B>a 2 year</B> period."><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.islandnet.com/~kpolsson/comphist" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>An advertisement in Science magazine by Hewlett-Packard introduces first programmable scientific desktop calculator, which Hewlett-Packard calls "the new Hewlett-Packard 911A <B>personal</B> <B>computer</B>".</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>The first transistorized <B>computer</B> is completed, the TX-O (Transistorized Experimental <B>computer</B>), at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>For <B>computer</B> security or to keep a laptop safe it's good practice to mark them with asset labels, pc security labels or <B>computer</B> asset tags - all of which are available from Hologuard in the UK.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.islandnet.com/~kpolsson/comphist>http://www.islandnet.com/~kpolsson/comphist</A>">Chronology of Personal Computers</a> - Chronology of Personal Computers</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.alienware.com" title="and<br><br><A HREF=http://www.alienware.com>http://www.alienware.com</A>">Alienware</a> - Alienware Computers - Custom-Built Gaming Desktops and Laptops</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/pep-red-8x11.jpg" align="bottom" title="We marked this link as controversial because it was removed and readded from Wikipedia <B>12</B> times over <B>a 1 year</B> period."><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.time.com/time/covers/0,16641,19830103,00.html" title="<A HREF=http://www.time.com/time/covers/0,16641,19830103,00.html>http://www.time.com/time/covers/0,16641,19830103,00.html</A>">1983 Person of the Year</a> - TIME Magazine Cover: The Computer, Machine of the Year - Jan. 3, 1983 - Person of the Year - Science & Technology - Computers - Machines</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/pep-red-8x11.jpg" align="bottom" title="We marked this link as controversial because it was removed and readded from Wikipedia <B>14</B> times over <B>a 1 year</B> period."><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.iht.com/articles/2007/01/07/yourmoney/mobile.php" title="War for the '4th screen' - International Herald Tribune<br><br><A HREF=http://www.iht.com/articles/2007/01/07/yourmoney/mobile.php>http://www.iht.com/articles/2007/01/07/yourmoney/mobile.php</A>">War for the '4th screen'</a> - The New York Times > Log In</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/pep-red-8x11.jpg" align="bottom" title="We marked this link as controversial because it was removed and readded from Wikipedia <B>14</B> times over <B>a 1 year</B> period."><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://philip.greenspun.com/business/mobile-phone-as-home-computer" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>Why then would someone want to go to the trouble of installing and maintaining a <B>personal</B> <B>computer</B> (PC)?</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>What does a <B>personal</B> <B>computer</B> designed for a 65-year-old grandmother with no technical training demand her to know?</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>What would you call a device that has a screen, a keyboard, storage for <B>personal</B> information such as contacts, email, documents, the ability to play audio and video files, some games, a spreadsheet program, and a communications capability?</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://philip.greenspun.com/business/mobile-phone-as-home-computer>http://philip.greenspun.com/business/mobile-phone-as-home-computer</A>">Mobile Phone As Home Computer</a> - Mobile Phone As Home Computer</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/pep-red-8x11.jpg" align="bottom" title="We marked this link as controversial because it was removed and readded from Wikipedia <B>14</B> times over <B>a 1 year</B> period."><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://talkback.zdnet.com/5208-11475-0.html?forumID=1&threadID=40652&messageID=751218" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>Google's Android approach threatens no less than the <B>personal</B> <B>computer</B> itself</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>RE: Google's Android approach threatens no less than the <B>personal</B> <B>computer</B> itself AdeOghert | 11/05/07</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>RE: Google's Android approach threatens no less than the <B>personal</B> <B>computer</B> itself booknut | 11/06/07</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://talkback.zdnet.com/5208-11475-0.html?forumID=1&threadID=40652&messageID=751218>http://talkback.zdnet.com/5208-11475-0.html?forumID=1&threadID=40652&messageID=751218</A>">Google's Android approach threatens no less than the personal computer itself</a> - Google's Android approach threatens no less than the personal computer itself | TalkBack on ZDNet</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/pep-red-8x11.jpg" align="bottom" title="We marked this link as controversial because it was removed and readded from Wikipedia <B>13</B> times over <B>a 1 year</B> period."><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9E05EEDC1530F93BA35752C0A9619C8B63" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>The newest screen is evolving to adopt more and more characteristics of a <B>personal</B> <B>computer</B>.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>Photos: A new device is the Oqo Model 2 pocket-size <B>computer</B>, left, with a slide-out keyboard and Windows Vista selling for $1,499.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>To handle functions from text and instant messaging to mobile MySpace and ESPN, <B>computer</B> users are increasingly turning to the cellphone.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9E05EEDC1530F93BA35752C0A9619C8B63>http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9E05EEDC1530F93BA35752C0A9619C8B63</A>">A Personal Computer To Carry In a Pocket</a> - A Personal Computer To Carry In a Pocket - New York Times</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.cheap-notebook.biz" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>Your <B>personal</B> needs and how fat your wallet is.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>Feel free to visit our Cheap Notebook <B>computer</B>s forum and discuss it with others or submit your <B>computer</B> related website to our Link Exchange Directory.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.cheap-notebook.biz>http://www.cheap-notebook.biz</A>">Notebook PC Reviews</a> - Cheap Notebook Computers :: oglasavanje apartmana :: Reviews at Cheap Notebook biz Website</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.wired.com/news/culture/0,60349-0.html" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>Commodore's former head of engineering, Charlie Winterble, who oversaw the design of the early '80s <B>computer</B>, will auction off a prototype next month at the Vintage <B>Computer</B> Marketplace.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>The Commodore 64 was the first cheap home <B>computer</B> for the masses.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>Aficionados of the most popular <B>computer</B> of all time, the low-cost Commodore 64, soon can lay their hands on a piece of history, provided they are willing to pony up a few thousand dollars.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.wired.com/news/culture/0,60349-0.html>http://www.wired.com/news/culture/0,60349-0.html</A>">Grandiose Price for a Modest PC</a> - Grandiose Price for a Modest PC</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/pep-red-8x11.jpg" align="bottom" title="We marked this link as controversial because it was removed and readded from Wikipedia <B>25</B> times over <B>a 1 year</B> period."><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.custompcguide.com" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>If you have never built a <B>computer</B> before and need a good guide to <B>computer</B> assembly, you can find links to good and detailed <B>computer</B> assembly guides in the Building Guides section.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>This is the first criterion that should be considered when purchasing <B>computer</B> parts.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD><B>Computer</B> assembly is a very easy and ,in fact, a rather fun process.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.custompcguide.com>http://www.custompcguide.com</A>">Custom PC Guide</a> - Custom PC Guide : Your guide to build the best PC for your budget</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.computerinfoworld.info" title="<A HREF=http://www.computerinfoworld.info>http://www.computerinfoworld.info</A>">A Guide to Choosing the Right PC</a></td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.anandtech.com/mac/showdoc.aspx?i=2232" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>My <B>personal</B> machine would go months between reboots without a single problem.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>At first, it started as just a <B>personal</B> experiment, but it later developed into the foundation for the article that you're reading now.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.anandtech.com/mac/showdoc.aspx?i=2232>http://www.anandtech.com/mac/showdoc.aspx?i=2232</A>">A Month with a Mac: A Die-Hard PC User's Perspective</a> - AnandTech: A Month with a Mac: A Die-Hard PC User's Perspective</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/pep-red-8x11.jpg" align="bottom" title="We marked this link as controversial because it was removed and readded from Wikipedia <B>13</B> times over <B>a 10 month</B> period."><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.bestpricecomputers.co.uk/reviews/quiet-pc/how-to-reduce-pc-noise.htm" title="and<br><br><A HREF=http://www.bestpricecomputers.co.uk/reviews/quiet-pc/how-to-reduce-pc-noise.htm>http://www.bestpricecomputers.co.uk/reviews/quiet-pc/how-to-reduce-pc-noise.htm</A>">Controlling PC noise</a> - Tips and tricks on reducing PC noise</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/pep-red-8x11.jpg" align="bottom" title="We marked this link as controversial because it was removed and readded from Wikipedia <B>12</B> times over <B>a 10 month</B> period."><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.silentpcreview.com" title="<A HREF=http://www.silentpcreview.com>http://www.silentpcreview.com</A>">Reviews of PC silencing products</a> - silentpcreview.com | Everything about Silent / Quiet Computers</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.pchardwarehelp.com/guides/Budget-Gaming-PC.php" title="My <B>personal</B> favorites are Newegg, Mwave and ZipZoomFly, so all prices are based on the cheaper of those vendors and does not include any specials, rebates or one-day-only sales.<br><br><A HREF=http://www.pchardwarehelp.com/guides/Budget-Gaming-PC.php>http://www.pchardwarehelp.com/guides/Budget-Gaming-PC.php</A>">Build A Budget Gaming PC</a> - The Budget Gaming PC - Buyers Guide</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/pep-red-8x11.jpg" align="bottom" title="We marked this link as controversial because it was removed and readded from Wikipedia <B>17</B> times over <B>a 6 month</B> period."><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.tomandmaria.com/tom/Writing/Annals2006WP.pdf" title="<A HREF=http://www.tomandmaria.com/tom/Writing/Annals2006WP.pdf>http://www.tomandmaria.com/tom/Writing/Annals2006WP.pdf</A>">Remembering the Office of the Future: The Origins of Word Processing and Office Automation</a></td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.apple.com/pr/library/2005/jun/06intel.html" title="Apple ignited the <B>personal</B> <B>computer</B> revolution in the 1970s with the Apple II and reinvented the <B>personal</B> <B>computer</B> in the 1980s with the Macintosh.<br><br><A HREF=http://www.apple.com/pr/library/2005/jun/06intel.html>http://www.apple.com/pr/library/2005/jun/06intel.html</A>">Apple to Use Intel Microprocessors Beginning in 2006</a></td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.specificpc.co.za" title="We offer custom build <B>computer</B> solutions based on your requirements.<br><br><A HREF=http://www.specificpc.co.za>http://www.specificpc.co.za</A>">Specific PC</a> - Specific Pc | ADSL, SEO, Computer Networks and Multimedia Solutions</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/pep-red-8x11.jpg" align="bottom" title="We marked this link as controversial because it was removed and readded from Wikipedia <B>12</B> times over <B>a 4 month</B> period."><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.scribd.com/doc/63895/How-Computers-Work" title="<A HREF=http://www.scribd.com/doc/63895/How-Computers-Work>http://www.scribd.com/doc/63895/How-Computers-Work</A>">All about personal computers for kids</a> - How Computers Work</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.sims.berkeley.edu/~buckland/digdoc.html" title="Perhaps one does not know whether the <B>computer</B> has used a table or an algorithm.<br><br><A HREF=http://www.sims.berkeley.edu/~buckland/digdoc.html>http://www.sims.berkeley.edu/~buckland/digdoc.html</A>">digital documents</a> - What is a digital document?</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://archive.computerhistory.org/resources/text/Heath/Heath.Analog.1956.102646297.pdf#search=%22tube%20computer%20kit%22" title="<A HREF=http://archive.computerhistory.org/resources/text/Heath/Heath.Analog.1956.102646297.pdf#search=%22tube%20computer%20kit%22>http://archive.computerhistory.org/resources/text/Heath/Heath.Analog.1956.102646297.pdf#search=%22tube%20computer%20kit%22</A>">Heath Electronic Analog Computer Kit</a></td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> </div> <div class="section-delimeter"></div> <div class="section" id="related_topics"> <h1 class="section-title"> <a name="related_topics">Related topics</a> </h1> <span class="core-uptodate">Up to date as of August 19, 2010</span> <ul> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/Laptop">Laptop</a> </li> </span> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/Netbook">Netbook</a> </li> </span> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/Pocket_PC">Pocket PC</a> </li> </span> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/Microcomputer">Microcomputer</a> </li> </span> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/Workstation">Workstation</a> </li> </span> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/Computer">Computer</a> </li> </span> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/Embedded_system">Embedded system</a> </li> </span> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/Minicomputer">Minicomputer</a> </li> </span> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/Desktop_computer">Desktop computer</a> </li> </span> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/Home_computer">Home computer</a> </li> </span> </ul> </div> <div class="section-delimeter"></div></div> </div> <br/><br/><br/> <script type="text/javascript" language="javascript"><!-- function checkEmail(myForm) { if (/^\w+([\.-]?\w+)*@\w+([\.-]?\w+)*(\.\w{2,3})+$/.test(myForm.str_email.value)){ return (true); } alert("Invalid E-mail Address! 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