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.A personal name is the proper name identifying an individual person, and today usually comprises a given name bestowed at birth or at a young age plus a surname.^ From the above table we can see that the first sort key grouped all the personal names that contained only family names separately from all the personal names that contained both a given and family name.
  • XSLT: Personal Name Sorting Conundrum 18 September 2009 11:011 UTC staff.oclc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For personal names that have both a given and family name, the family name will be sorted since the personal names are given in direct order.
  • XSLT: Personal Name Sorting Conundrum 18 September 2009 11:011 UTC staff.oclc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Under these circumstances the second xsl:sort tag will sort them into alphabetical order because the personal names are given in direct order, e.g., given name followed by family name.
  • XSLT: Personal Name Sorting Conundrum 18 September 2009 11:011 UTC staff.oclc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It is nearly universal for a human to have a name; the rare exceptions occur in the cases of mentally disturbed parents, or feral children growing up in isolation.[citation needed] The Convention on the Rights of the Child specifies that a child has the right from birth to a name.[1]
.Naming conventions are strongly influenced by culture, with some cultures being more flexible on naming than others.^ Do not use the Logo or the names The HTML Writers Guild or HWG more prominently than your personal name, company, product, or Website name.
  • Online Logo Usage Guidelines - The HTML Writers Guild 18 September 2009 11:011 UTC www.hwg.org [Source type: Reference]

^ Name Art creation is 'worth' far more than gold in your body weight, no matter how much you weigh.
  • Changing Your Personal Name, Creating a Business Name, Product or Service Name 18 September 2009 11:011 UTC www.goodworksonearth.org [Source type: General]

^ Names are more powerful than previously known.
  • Changing Your Personal Name, Creating a Business Name, Product or Service Name 18 September 2009 11:011 UTC www.goodworksonearth.org [Source type: General]

.However, for all cultures where historical records are available, the naming rules are known to change over time.^ This is not the same as the name change service.  To create or change a name is much more involved on our end, research and time wise, and yours, in your decision choosing "my new name."
  • Changing Your Personal Name, Creating a Business Name, Product or Service Name 18 September 2009 11:011 UTC www.goodworksonearth.org [Source type: General]

^ This behavior will cause can empty string to be returned for all personal names that contain only a family name and will not cause a change in the sort order.
  • XSLT: Personal Name Sorting Conundrum 18 September 2009 11:011 UTC staff.oclc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Under the law of publicity, as recognized in virtually all United States jurisdictions, well known individuals have the right to control commercial exploitation of their names and likenesses.
  • WIPO Domain Name Decision: D2008-1534 18 September 2009 11:011 UTC www.wipo.int [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Contents

Structure

Common components of true names given at birth include:
.
  • Personal Name: Universal.^ Warsaw University Library, Authority file for personal name headings .
    • List of Authority Files included in the CERL Thesaurus 18 September 2009 11:011 UTC cerl.sub.uni-goettingen.de [Source type: Reference]

    .In most of Western culture, the given name precedes the family name; some other cultures place it after the family name, or use no family name.
  • Patronymic: A surname based on the given name of the father.
  • Matronymic: A surname based on the given name of the mother.
  • Family name: A name used by all members of a family.^ It is assumed that the meaning of names is unknown and unimportant - but (virtualy) all names have meaning if only we knew it and, in many, many cultures, names are chosen precisely because of their meaning.

    ^ In some rural areas, when so many people have the same surname, people were often called by the name of their farm.

    ^ As far as surnames are concerned, as well as local influences, one finds some names which show a Portuguese colonial influence, such as De Silva and Perera.

    .In Europe, after the loss of the Roman system, the common use of family names started quite early in some areas (France in the 13th century, and Germany in the 16th century), but it often did not happen until much later in areas that used a patronymic naming custom, such as the Scandinavian countries, Wales, and some areas of Germany as well as Eastern European countries such as Russia and Ukraine.^ In other countries, family names are still not used.

    ^ Some first names have been adopted from family names.

    ^ Indeed the custom was not adopted in Europe until the Venetian aristocracy made it popular around the 11th century AD. By contrast with the multitudinous choice of first names in China, for surnames there is a standard list of the "Hundred Names", first compiled many years ago by order of the Emperor as the 100 most popular surnames (or last or family names) in the country at the time.

    The compulsory use of surnames varied greatly. .France required a priest to write surnames in baptismal records in 1539 (but did not require surnames for Jews, who usually used patronymics, until 1808).^ Early English surnames fell into six main categories: Paternal names - Except in the Celtic fringes of the British Isles, the patronymic surname did not really become established until after the Norman Conquest of 1066.

    ^ At one time, the Welsh used an ancient patronymic naming system whereby the children of a marriage took their father's forename as their surname.

    ^ Link: Meaning of English first names click here Family names Turning now to English surnames, these did not exist until medieval times.

    .On the other hand, surnames were not compulsory in the Scandinavian countries until the 20th century (1923) in Norway, and Iceland still does not use surnames for its native inhabitants.
  • In many families, single middle names are simply alternative names, names honoring an ancestor or relative, or, for married women, occasionally their maiden names.^ Icelanders address each other by their first name.

    ^ Nowadays, many people take their mother's surname as their middle name.

    ^ This ugly name is widely used among family members, relatives and neighbours.

    .Many Catholic families choose a saint's name as their child's middle name or this can be left until the child's confirmation when they choose a saint's name for themselves.^ Therefore Hindu families will often name a child after an ancestor such as a grandparent so that, in a sense, the child becomes the ancestor reborn.

    ^ In neighbouring Ireland , naming sources include the Catholic saints, the Celtic legends and Anglicized versions of Gaelic names.

    ^ Parents often name their children with words, the qualities of they would like the child to adopt.

    .Cultures that use patronymics or matronymics will often give middle names to distinguish between two similarly named people: e.g.^ He has noticed there are huge differences in how people use names in the two cultures.

    ^ Middle names are not used in Israel.

    ^ When addressing someone politely in Russia, one would use the first name and the patronymic which is the equivalent to saying 'Mr' or 'Mrs' in English.

    Einar Karl Stefánsson and Einar Guðmundur Stefánsson. This is especially done in Iceland (as shown in example) where people are known and referred to almost exclusively by their given name/s.
.Some people (called anonyms) choose to be anonymous, that is, to hide their true names, for fear of governmental prosecution or social ridicule of their works or actions.^ In some rural areas, when so many people have the same surname, people were often called by the name of their farm.

^ Some family names are straightforwardly derived from first names - so I once worked in an organisation with colleagues called Bryan Stanley, Eric George, David Norman and Norman Howard.

^ Nicknames - Some people took names that referred to their appearance or character such as 'John the Dear' or 'Ralph the Pagan' which became Payne or 'Henry the Blessed' which became Bennett.

Another method to disguise one's identity is to employ a pseudonym.
.Occasionally, a person is referred to by a single name.^ Katalog der Wolfenbütteler Lutherdrucke, Personal name headings with provenance reference in the database “Katalog der Wolfenbütteler Lutherdrucke” .
  • List of Authority Files included in the CERL Thesaurus 18 September 2009 11:011 UTC cerl.sub.uni-goettingen.de [Source type: Reference]

^ Personal name headings from authority records with provenance references in their OPAC (via GBV) .
  • List of Authority Files included in the CERL Thesaurus 18 September 2009 11:011 UTC cerl.sub.uni-goettingen.de [Source type: Reference]

^ Personal name from authority record with provenance reference in the local OPAC (via GBV) .
  • List of Authority Files included in the CERL Thesaurus 18 September 2009 11:011 UTC cerl.sub.uni-goettingen.de [Source type: Reference]

.For example, Teller, of the magician duo Penn and Teller, has no given names.^ For example, in Oman , a child would be given a personal name, his father's personal name and then a tribal name - such as Mohammed Hassan al-Hathari.

.(His parents named him Raymond Joseph Teller but he legally changed his name to "Teller". In official government documents, such as his driver's license, his given name is listed as NFN, meaning "no first name").^ The surname often has no meaning but middle names and first names do.

^ The second most common character in first names is Zhi, meaning 'will, intention, emotions'.

^ Link: Meaning of English first names click here Family names Turning now to English surnames, these did not exist until medieval times.

Arvind of MIT CSAIL is another example.
.The Inuit believe that the souls of the namesakes are one, so they traditionally refer to the junior namesakes, not just by the names (atiq), but also by kinship title, which applies across gender and generation without implications of disrespect or seniority.^ Sometimes children find that they prefer the second name to the first name and ask people to use that one instead.

^ Just three family names - Kim, Pak and Yi - account for a large number of Koreans and half the population of Korea has one of the 13 most common family names.

^ In addition, people rarely address each other just by name, but usually attach an appropriate title to the name.

In Judaism, someone's name is considered intimately connected with his fate, and adding a name (e.g. on the sickbed) may avert a particular danger. .Among Ashkenazi Jews it is also considered bad luck to take the name of a living ancestor, as the Angel of Death may mistake the younger person for his namesake (although there is no such custom among Sephardi Jews).^ Therefore Hindu families will often name a child after an ancestor such as a grandparent so that, in a sense, the child becomes the ancestor reborn.

^ Similarly there are many names that refer to streams or rivers, such as those that include 'beck' or 'brook', and other names that refer to bridges (living by one, living on land near one, or the keeper of one).

^ These occur in a different order in different parts of the sub-continent, so identifying the personal name may not always be easy for non-Indians.

.Jews may also have a Jewish name for intra-communitary use and use a different name when engaging with the Gentile world.^ These occur in a different order in different parts of the sub-continent, so identifying the personal name may not always be easy for non-Indians.

^ He has noticed there are huge differences in how people use names in the two cultures.

^ In Jewish communities around the world, there is strong tradition of naming babies after the closest deceased relative for whom no one else in that immediate family has already been named.

.Chinese children are called insulting names to make them appear worthless to evil spirits.^ Names intended to be undesirable to evil spirits are called apotropaic names.

^ They believe that the devil likes to take children with beautiful names or to make the baby ill.

^ Invention of names seems particularly common among African-Americans, so one such family I met recently called their children Shanese, Shapell and Kyron.

.They receive a definitive name as they grow up.^ Link: Duggar family site click here Not all children are thrilled with their parents' inventiveness when they grow up.

.January 2008" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] Chinese and Japanese emperors receive posthumous names.^ Like the Chinese, the Japanese do not use middle names.

^ JAPANESE NAMES In Japan , first names are written in kanji or Chinese characters, though some names are written in hiragana or katakana characters, meaning that there are thousands of possible names.

^ Most Japanese family names consist of two kanji (Chinese) characters combining two features or characteristics.

.In some Polynesian cultures, the name of a deceased chief becomes taboo.^ BRITISH NAMES First names In some cultures, the relationship between first names and vocabulary words is transparent, that is the names are just special uses of oridinary words.

.If he is named after a common object or concept, a different word has to be used for it.^ The second epic of this period, the Ramayana, contains characters whose names are still in very common use, such as Rama, Sita, Janaki and Lakshman.

^ He has noticed there are huge differences in how people use names in the two cultures.

^ The naming practice in Poland is similar to that in other Slavonic countries and, since Poland is so Catholic, the use of saints' names for first names is extremely common.

.Depending on national convention, additional given names (and sometimes titles) are considered part of the name.^ In addition, people rarely address each other just by name, but usually attach an appropriate title to the name.

^ Sometimes the combination of family name and first name is carefully considered because of the meaning of the family name.

^ The additional names might be preceded by the use of the optional word 'bin', sometimes spelled 'ben', which means 'son of'.

Feudal names

.The royalty, nobility, and gentry of Europe traditionally have many names, including phrases for the lands that they own.^ Many Vietnamese have Van or Thi in their name, especially if they come from the countryside.

^ Although Hinduism is the main religion in India, there are many others, each of which has its own naming traditions.

^ Indeed many children do not use their official name until they go to school for the first time when they are six years old.

The French developed the method of putting the term by which the person is referred in small capital letters. It is this habit which transferred to names of the Far East, as seen below. .An example is that of Marie-Joseph-Paul-Yves-Roch Gilbert du Motier, who is known as the Marquis de Lafayette.^ Examples are Ibrahim (Abraham), Isma'il (Ishmael), Maryam (Mary) and Yusuf (Joseph).

Notice that he possessed the lands both of Motier and Lafayette. .Another example is Don Quixote de la Mancha, who is never referred to in literature by the phrase used as the title of the musical comedy, Man of La Mancha.^ But for those who have never used a diet supplement before, many do not even know how or where to buy acai from.
  • EzineArticles Submission - Submit Your Best Quality Original Articles For Massive Exposure, Ezine Publishers Get 25 Free Article Reprints 18 September 2009 11:011 UTC ezinearticles.com [Source type: General]

.The bare place name was used formerly to refer to the person who owned it, rather than the land itself (the word "Gloucester" in "What will Gloucester do?"^ Katalog der Wolfenbütteler Lutherdrucke, Personal name headings with provenance reference in the database “Katalog der Wolfenbütteler Lutherdrucke” .
  • List of Authority Files included in the CERL Thesaurus 18 September 2009 11:011 UTC cerl.sub.uni-goettingen.de [Source type: Reference]

^ If you seek Trademark Services with the creation of a new name for any reason we will refer you to others who render such services such as thorough world wide searches in off-net data bases for prior existences and or usages of the name or word creation.
  • Changing Your Personal Name, Creating a Business Name, Product or Service Name 18 September 2009 11:011 UTC www.goodworksonearth.org [Source type: General]

^ However, in India there is much less use of first names than in the West - it is considered disrespectful, even rude.

meant the Duke of Gloucester). As a development, the bare name of a ship in the Royal Navy meant its captain (e.g., "Cressy didn't learn from Aboukir") while the name with an article referred to the ship (e.g., "The Cressy is foundering").

Naming convention

.In contemporary Western societies (except for Iceland, Hungary, and most dialects in the south of the German language area), the most common naming convention is that of a given name, usually indicating the child's sex, followed by the parents' family name.^ This is not the case for English names (or for those in most Western European languages).

^ Therefore Hindu families will often name a child after an ancestor such as a grandparent so that, in a sense, the child becomes the ancestor reborn.

^ As in China and Japan, in Hungary in any official context, the family name is always placed before the given name - a practice unique in Europe.

.In earlier times, Scandinavian countries followed patronymic naming, with people effectively called "X's son/Y's daughter"; this is now the case only in Iceland and on the Faroe Islands.^ In some rural areas, when so many people have the same surname, people were often called by the name of their farm.

^ In Latvian, first names tend to have gender-specific endings, for example, men's names end with 's' in most cases and sometimes in 'o'(if this word has originated from other country), while all women's names end with 'a' or 'e'.

^ However, after this period, many people adopted the name of their father, such as 'John son of Richard' which over time became Johnson or 'Simon son of Hugh' which became Hughes or 'son of Stephen' which became Stephenson.

.Different cultures have different conventions for personal names.^ These occur in a different order in different parts of the sub-continent, so identifying the personal name may not always be easy for non-Indians.

^ He has noticed there are huge differences in how people use names in the two cultures.

^ However, it should be pointed out that the solution is specific to his problem and not a general solution to sorting personal names which could occur in many different forms.
  • XSLT: Personal Name Sorting Conundrum 18 September 2009 11:011 UTC staff.oclc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This is a list of articles about particular cultures' naming conventions.^ Samantha Links: Most popular baby names in the USA click here Trends in popularity of baby names in the USA click here Several points can be made about these lists.

^ In many African cultures, a first name can tell us about the timing or circumstances of the birth or the expectations or hopes of the parents for their child.

^ Ivan Hoffman Attorney At Law || More Articles About Trademarks and Domain Names || Home .
  • Personal Names: Trademark Issues 18 September 2009 11:011 UTC www.ivanhoffman.com [Source type: Original source]

Name order

.Since a name is made up of several parts, the order in which those parts are arranged can be significant.^ Personal Name Tag Made to order 1 to as many as you require Standard and custom sizes from range of Finishes and Mountings to suit all needs.

^ These occur in a different order in different parts of the sub-continent, so identifying the personal name may not always be easy for non-Indians.

^ For personal names that have both a given and family name, the family name will be sorted since the personal names are given in direct order.
  • XSLT: Personal Name Sorting Conundrum 18 September 2009 11:011 UTC staff.oclc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The order family-name given-name is commonly known as the Eastern order and is used in Hungary, parts of Africa, and East Asia (for example in mainland China, Japan, Korea, Malaysian Chinese, Singapore, Taiwan, and Vietnam).^ The given name is optional, e.g., we can have just a family name.
  • XSLT: Personal Name Sorting Conundrum 18 September 2009 11:011 UTC staff.oclc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Like the Chinese, the Japanese quote the family name before the given name.

^ The most difficult sort key to construct will be the primary sort key for the family name where we must account for an optional given name part.
  • XSLT: Personal Name Sorting Conundrum 18 September 2009 11:011 UTC staff.oclc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Eastern order is also common in Central/Eastern European and Central Asian countries such as Bavaria, Ukraine and Russia[citation needed], where the system was used commonly right until the end of the USSR[citation needed], especially in official contexts.^ In the Slavonic countries of Central and Eastern European, such as Russia, Poland, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic and Slovakia, as in Western Europe a great many names have a Christian origin.

^ As we have seen, in countries like Russia and Iceland children take a name from their parent - a system known as patronymics .

^ REST OF EASTERN EUROPE In Eastern European countries, it is much more common than in Western European countries for children to have the same first name as the parent of the same gender.

.Because such variation may create ambiguity, family names are often capitalized (e.g., MIKHAILOV Dmitri or Dmitri MIKHAILOV).^ Therefore Hindu families will often name a child after an ancestor such as a grandparent so that, in a sense, the child becomes the ancestor reborn.

^ Sometimes the combination of family name and first name is carefully considered because of the meaning of the family name.

^ Under these circumstances the second xsl:sort tag will sort them into alphabetical order because the personal names are given in direct order, e.g., given name followed by family name.
  • XSLT: Personal Name Sorting Conundrum 18 September 2009 11:011 UTC staff.oclc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The order given-name family-name is commonly known as the Western order and is usually used in most Western European countries and in countries that have cultures predominantly influenced by Western Europe (North and South America and Australia and New Zealand).^ The given name is optional, e.g., we can have just a family name.
  • XSLT: Personal Name Sorting Conundrum 18 September 2009 11:011 UTC staff.oclc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In other countries, family names are still not used.

^ This is not the case for English names (or for those in most Western European languages).

.In these countries, the family name is often used first in lists and catalogues, with the family and given names separated with a comma (e.g.^ The given name is optional, e.g., we can have just a family name.
  • XSLT: Personal Name Sorting Conundrum 18 September 2009 11:011 UTC staff.oclc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In other countries, family names are still not used.

^ Some first names have been adopted from family names.

Smith, John). For example, most Western libraries use this order.
.When East Asian names are transliterated into the Latin alphabet, some prefer to convert them to the Western order at the same time, while others leave them in the Eastern order but write the family name in capital letters.^ Some first names have been adopted from family names.

^ Each family name is divided into one or more clans ('bongwan'), identified by the city that the clan office is located in.

^ If the name is encoded as per RFC 2047, it is decoded and converted into Unicode.
  • InternetAddress (JavaMail API documentation) 18 September 2009 11:011 UTC java.sun.com [Source type: Reference]

.To avoid confusion, some always write a family name in capital letters, especially when writing for an international audience.^ Some first names have been adopted from family names.

^ As in China and Japan, in Hungary in any official context, the family name is always placed before the given name - a practice unique in Europe.

^ Some of the most common Japanese family names are Sato, Suzuki, Takahashi, Tanaka and Watanabe.

This habit has become very common also in the international language Esperanto. .Japanese names of contemporary individuals and Hungarian names are usually "switched" when individuals who have such names are mentioned in media in Western countries; for example, Koizumi Jun'ichirō is known as Junichiro Koizumi in English, and Puskás Ferenc is known as Ferenc Puskás.^ Two names of special importance to Czechs are Ludmila, the name of a 10th century Bohemian saint, and Václav, the name borne by five rulers of Bohemia including the man known to the English as 'Good King Wencelas' (who was in fact not a king but a prince).

^ In Latvian, first names tend to have gender-specific endings, for example, men's names end with 's' in most cases and sometimes in 'o'(if this word has originated from other country), while all women's names end with 'a' or 'e'.

^ In the Slavonic countries, a woman's first name usually ends with the letter 'a' and a woman's surname always ends with '-ova', so that a person's gender is always absolutely clear from the full name (which is not always the case with English names such as Leslie Thomas or Pat Fisher).

.But Chinese, Korean, Thai and Vietnamese names and Japanese names of historical figures are usually left in East Asian order; for instance, Máo Zédōng is known as Mao Zedong in English.^ Like the Chinese, the Japanese do not use middle names.

^ JAPANESE NAMES In Japan , first names are written in kanji or Chinese characters, though some names are written in hiragana or katakana characters, meaning that there are thousands of possible names.

^ As with Chinese family names, almost all Korean family names have just one Hanja (or one syllable).

.Names of Japanese or Chinese sportspeople generally follow the above conventions.^ Like the Chinese, the Japanese do not use middle names.

^ JAPANESE NAMES In Japan , first names are written in kanji or Chinese characters, though some names are written in hiragana or katakana characters, meaning that there are thousands of possible names.

^ For example, we might have generated the following XSLT variables to hold the given and family names: .
  • XSLT: Personal Name Sorting Conundrum 18 September 2009 11:011 UTC staff.oclc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

For Japanese examples, see Ichiro Suzuki instead of Suzuki Ichirō (although he is widely known simply as "Ichiro" in both Japan and North America), or Hidetoshi Nakata instead of Nakata Hidetoshi. As for Chinese sportspeople, Yáo Míng is Yao Ming and Liú Xiáng is Liu Xiang in the West.
.Names of Korean sportspeople may be rendered in East Asian or Western order in Western countries, apparently depending on the sport.^ These occur in a different order in different parts of the sub-continent, so identifying the personal name may not always be easy for non-Indians.

^ REST OF EASTERN EUROPE In Eastern European countries, it is much more common than in Western European countries for children to have the same first name as the parent of the same gender.

^ In many western countries, there is a growing tendency to use unusual first names or even to invent new first names.

.For example, names of Korean footballers and athletes are usually left in East Asian order (e.g.^ Korean given names are usually composed of two characters or syllables using Hanja.

Ahn Jung-Hwan, Hong Myung-Bo, Park Ji-Sung, Sohn Kee-Chung, Hwang Young-Cho). .Baseball players' names are usually changed to Western order; for example Park Chan-Ho is referred to in the West as Chan-Ho Park.^ Boys' names usually refer to traditionally male characteristics like power and courage.

^ In most European countries, over half of the common first names derive from the Christian tradition, usually a reference to a saint or a character in the Bible.

^ In the Yoruba culture of the south-west, the child is usually named on the 8th day of life (exactly a week after he/she was born), in a traditional naming ceremony.

.Golfers' names are also typically switched to Western order; the female golfer Pak Se-Ri is known in the West as Se Ri Pak.^ Links: Male Arabic names click here Female Arabic names click here Arabic first names click here Arab/Muslim names click here Traditionally Arabs have not used family names in the Western manner and many still do not.

^ First names ending with '-ro', '-shi', '-ya', or '-o' are typically male first names, while names ending in '-ko', '-mi', '-e' and '-yo' are typically female first names.

.Confusion can be avoided by noticing that in all the above cases, the words linked by a hyphen are the given name.^ It is assumed that given names are gender-specific - but many African and all Chinese given names can be applied to boys and girls.

^ One more vocabulary word which has led to many names - all male - is the sword which is a symbol of power and decisiveness.

^ In all cases, the Logo must be an active link to the HTML Writers Guild Website at this URL address: .
  • Online Logo Usage Guidelines - The HTML Writers Guild 18 September 2009 11:011 UTC www.hwg.org [Source type: Reference]

.It is very common for Serbian names to follow the Eastern name order of having surname placed before given name, when a person is referred to in everyday speech and writing.^ Personal names are specified in direct order, e.g., the given name comes before the family name.
  • XSLT: Personal Name Sorting Conundrum 18 September 2009 11:011 UTC staff.oclc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The personal names consisted of either a given name followed by a family name or just a family name.
  • XSLT: Personal Name Sorting Conundrum 18 September 2009 11:011 UTC staff.oclc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In Wales, Williams is a very common surname too.

.This is also a name order that nations once under the Hungarian zone of influence share.^ Under these circumstances the second xsl:sort tag will sort them into alphabetical order because the personal names are given in direct order, e.g., given name followed by family name.
  • XSLT: Personal Name Sorting Conundrum 18 September 2009 11:011 UTC staff.oclc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, officially, Serbian names are still rendered in the Western name order with the surname placed after the given name.^ As in China and Japan, in Hungary in any official context, the family name is always placed before the given name - a practice unique in Europe.

^ For personal names that have both a given and family name, the family name will be sorted since the personal names are given in direct order.
  • XSLT: Personal Name Sorting Conundrum 18 September 2009 11:011 UTC staff.oclc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Under these circumstances the second xsl:sort tag will sort them into alphabetical order because the personal names are given in direct order, e.g., given name followed by family name.
  • XSLT: Personal Name Sorting Conundrum 18 September 2009 11:011 UTC staff.oclc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Nonhuman personal names

Apart from the Linnaean taxonomy, some humans give individual nonhuman animals and plants names, usually of endearment.
.In some cultures, pets or sporting animals are sometimes given names similar to human names.^ In fact, Sarah has given rise to other names - Sadie and Sally both started as pet forms of Sarah and then became names in their own right.

^ BRITISH NAMES First names In some cultures, the relationship between first names and vocabulary words is transparent, that is the names are just special uses of oridinary words.

^ Some names come into fashion, typically because of the popularity of a pop, movie or sports star.

.Other cultures, such as the Chinese, give animals nonhuman names, because it would be seen as offensive and disrespectful to the person of the same name.^ It is assumed that the meaning of names is unknown and unimportant - but (virtualy) all names have meaning if only we knew it and, in many, many cultures, names are chosen precisely because of their meaning.

^ Names in Finland differ from those in other Scandinavian countries because the language is so different.

^ Under these circumstances the second xsl:sort tag will sort them into alphabetical order because the personal names are given in direct order, e.g., given name followed by family name.
  • XSLT: Personal Name Sorting Conundrum 18 September 2009 11:011 UTC staff.oclc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In Japan, dogs are often given non-Japanese first names, such as "John" or "Charley."^ Therefore Hindu families will often name a child after an ancestor such as a grandparent so that, in a sense, the child becomes the ancestor reborn.

^ As in China and Japan, in Hungary in any official context, the family name is always placed before the given name - a practice unique in Europe.

^ Here the majority of first names are either saints' names (such as Antonín or Ondřej) or dithematic Slavonic names, that is made up of two vocabulary words (such as Bohumíl or Dobroslav).

[citation needed]
.A study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences claims that humans are not the only animals that use personal names.^ The study of personal names is known as onomastics .

^ Armenia is a nation whose ancestral history dates back 2000 years B.C. so, along the way, the nation has accumulated a rich list of personal names.

^ From the above table we can see that the first sort key grouped all the personal names that contained only family names separately from all the personal names that contained both a given and family name.
  • XSLT: Personal Name Sorting Conundrum 18 September 2009 11:011 UTC staff.oclc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Researchers from the University of North Carolina Wilmington studying bottlenose dolphins in Sarasota Bay, Florida, found that the dolphins had names for each other.^ English or other vernacular forms for the Latin names of printing towns as found in early printed books, including also some references for early spellings of vernacular forms of names.
  • List of Authority Files included in the CERL Thesaurus 18 September 2009 11:011 UTC cerl.sub.uni-goettingen.de [Source type: Reference]

^ Some are borrowed from other civilisations it came in contact with, and others are simply the names of elements found in nature.

[2] A dolphin chooses its name as an infant.[3]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Text of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, Adopted and opened for signature, ratification and accession by General Assembly resolution 44/25 of 20 November 1989 entry into force 2 September 1990, in accordance with article 49, Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
  2. ^ "Dolphins, like humans, recognize names, May 9, 2006,CNN". Archived from the original on 2006-06-02. http://web.archive.org/web/20060602074304/http://www.cnn.com/2006/TECH/science/05/09/dolphins.names.reut/index.html. 
  3. ^ Dolphins Name Themselves, By Bjorn Carey, posted: 08 May 2006, livescience.com

Further reading

External links


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 04, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Personal name, which are similar to those in the above article.








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