Perth (UK Parliament constituency): Wikis

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Perth was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1832 to 1918, 1918 to 1950, and 1997 to 2005. From 1832 to 1918 it was a burgh constituency. From 1918 to 1950, and 1997 to 2005, it was a county constituency. During each of the three periods it elected one Member of Parliament (MP).

Contents

Boundaries

Perth
Borough constituency
House House of Commons
Created 1832 (1832)
Abolished 1918 (1918)
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1832 to 1918

As created by the Representation of the People (Scotland) Act 1832, and first used in the 1832 general election, the constituency included the burgh of Perth and was one of two constituencies covering the county of Perth. The other was the Perthshire constituency (except that five detached parishes of the county were within the Clackmannanshire and Kinross-shire constituency[1]).

Prior to the 1832 general election, the county (including the detached parishes) had been covered by the Perthshire constituency and Perth Burghs. Perth Burghs consisted of the burgh of Perth and burghs in the county of Fife and the county of Forfar.

The 1832 boundaries of the Perth constituency were used also in the general elections of 1835, 1837, 1841, 1847, 1852, 1857, 1859, 1865, 1868, 1874 and 1880.

The Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 divided the Perthshire constituency to create Eastern Perthshire and Western Perthshire. There was no change to the boundaries of the Perth constituency.[1] Therefore the 1832 boundaries of the Perth constituency were used again in the general elections of 1885, 1886, 1892, 1895, 1900, 1906, January 1910 and December 1910.

1918 to 1950

Perth
County constituency
House House of Commons
Created 1918 (1918)
Abolished 1950 (1950)

By 1918 county boundaries had been redefined under the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1889 and, in creating new constituency boundaries, the Representation of the People Act 1918 took account of new local government boundaries. The Perth constituency became one of two county counstituencies covering the county of Perth and the county of Kinross, and was first used as such in the 1818 general election. The other constituency was Kinross and West Perthshire.

The Perth constituency was defined as consisting of the burghs of Abernethy, Alyth, Blairgowrie, Coupar Angus, Perth, and Rattray in the county of Perth and the Blairgowrie and Perth districts of the county,[1] and the same boundaries were used for the general elections of 1922, 1923, 1924, 1929, 1931, 1935 and 1945.

For the 1950 general election the constituency was replaced by the Perth and East Perthshire constituency, which was defined by the House of Commons (Redistribution of Seats) Act 1949 to have exactly the same boundaries as the former Perth constituency.[1]

1997 to 2005

Perth
County constituency
House House of Commons
Created 1997 (1997)
Abolished 2005 (2005)

For the 1997 general election Perth was recreated, and was a constituency entirely within the Perth and Kinross council area, which had been established the year before, under the Local Government etc (Scotland) Act 1994.[2] The council area was otherwise covered by North Tayside to the north, which also covered part of the Angus council area, Angus to the east, which also covered part of the Angus council area and part of the Dundee City council area, and Ochil to the south, which also covered the Clackmannanshire council area and part of the Stirling council area.

The same boundaries were used for the 2001 general election.

For the 2005 general election, the Perth constituency was largely replaced by Ochil and South Perthshire, covering the Clackmannanshire council area and a southern portion of the Perth and Kinross council area. Perth and North Perthshire was created to cover the rest of the Perth and Kinross council area.[3]

Member of Parliament

1832 to 1918

Election Member Party
1832 Laurence Oliphant
1837 Arthur Kinnaird
1839 David Greig
1841 Hon. Fox Maule
1852 Arthur Kinnaird Liberal
1878 Charles Stuart Parker Liberal
1892 William Whitelaw Conservative
1895 Robert Wallace Liberal
1907 Sir Robert Pullar Liberal
1910 Alexander Frederick Whyte Liberal
1918 constituency abolished

1918 to 1950

Election Member Party
1918 William Young Coalition Liberal
1922 Noel Skelton Unionist
1923 Robert Macgregor Mitchell Liberal
1924 Noel Skelton Unionist
1931 Lord Scone Conservative
1935 Francis Norie-Miller National Liberal
1935 Sir Thomas Hunter Conservative
1945 Alan Gomme-Duncan Conservative
1950 constituency abolished

Alan Gomme-Duncan was subsequently MP for Perth and East Perthshire.

1997 to 2005

Election results

1832 to 1918

General Election 1885: Perth [4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Charles Stuart Parker 1,652
Conservative John Chisholm 1,099
Liberal Alexander Macdougall junior 967
General Election 1886: Perth [4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Charles Stuart Parker 1,573
Liberal Unionist William Fowler 1,120
General Election 1892: Perth [5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William Whitelaw 1,398
Liberal Charles Stuart Parker 1,171
Independent James Woollen 907
General Election 1895: Perth [6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Robert Wallace 2,137
Conservative William Whitelaw 1,763
General Election 1900: Perth [7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Robert Wallace 2,1371
Conservative William Whitelaw 1,827
General Election 1906: Perth [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Robert Wallace KC 2,875 60.6
Conservative Samuel Chapman 1,867 39.4
General Election Jan 1910: Perth [9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Alexander Frederick Whyte 2,841
Conservative Samuel Chapman 2,103
General Election Dec 1910: Perth [10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Alexander Frederick Whyte 2,852
Conservative Lieut-Col Charles Edward Drummond Telfer-Smollett 1,878

1918 to 1950

General Election 1918: Perth [11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Coalition Liberal William Young unopposed
General Election 1922: Perth [12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Noel Skelton 11,387
Liberal W. Henderson 5,874
Labour W. Westwood 4,657
National Liberal R. Gourlay 4,657
General Election 1923: Perth [13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Robert Macgregor Mitchell 12,655
Conservative Noel Skelton 11,134
General Election 1924: Perth [14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Noel Skelton 13,022
Liberal Robert MacGregor Mitchell 7,998
Labour C. Roberts 5,316
General Election 1931: Perth[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Lord Scone 19,254
Liberal Francis Norie-Miller 15,396
Labour Mrs H. Gault 3,705
By-election of 16 April 1935: Perth [16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
National Liberal Francis Norie-Miller 17,516 68.7
Labour A McKinley 7,984 31.3
Majority 9,532
General Election 1935: Perth [17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Thomas Hunter 23,011
Labour R. Gunn 8,209

1997 to 2005

General Election 2001: Perth
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
SNP Annabelle Ewing 11,237 29.7 −6.7
Conservative Liz Smith 11,189 29.6 +0.3
Labour Marion Dingwall 9,638 25.5 +0.7
Liberal Democrat Vicki Harris 4,853 12.8 +4.8
Scottish Socialist Frank Byrne 899 2.4 N/A
Majority 48 0.1
Turnout 37,816 61.5 −12.4
SNP hold Swing

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ a b c d Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885-1972 (ISBN 0-900178-09-4), F. W. S. Craig 1972
  2. ^ Local Government etc (Scotland) Act 1994, Office of Public Sector Information website
  3. ^ 5th Periodical Report, Boundary Commission for Scotland website, retrieved 10 August 2007
  4. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons and Judicial Bench 1889
  5. ^ Whitaker's Almanack 1893
  6. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1901
  7. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1901
  8. ^ Whitaker's Almanack 1907
  9. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and Judicial Bench 1916
  10. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and Judicial Bench 1916
  11. ^ Whitaker's Almanack 1920
  12. ^ The Times, 17 November 1922
  13. ^ The Times, 8 December 1923
  14. ^ Oliver & Boyd's Edinburgh Almanac, 1927
  15. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1934
  16. ^ The Times, 18 April 1935
  17. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1939

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