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Perugia
—  Comune  —
Comune di Perugia
Corso Vannucci

Coat of arms
Perugia is located in Italy
Perugia
Location of Perugia in Italy
Coordinates: 43°6′44″N 12°23′20″E / 43.11222°N 12.38889°E / 43.11222; 12.38889Coordinates: 43°6′44″N 12°23′20″E / 43.11222°N 12.38889°E / 43.11222; 12.38889
Country Italy
Region Umbria
Province Perugia (PG)
Frazioni See list
Government
 - Mayor Wladimiro Boccali (Democratic Party)
Area
 - Total 449.92 km2 (173.7 sq mi)
Elevation 493 m (1,617 ft)
Population (30 April 2009)
 - Total 166,253
 Density 369.5/km2 (957/sq mi)
 - Demonym Perugini
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 06100
Dialing code 075
Patron saint St. Constantius, St. Herculanus, St. Lawrence
Saint day 29 January
Website Official website

Perugia About this sound listen (IPA: [peˈru(ː)dʒa]) is the capital city of the region of Umbria in central Italy, near the Tiber River, and the capital of the province of Perugia. The city symbol is the griffin, which can be seen in the form of plaques and statues on buildings around the city.

Perugia is a notable artistic center of Italy. The famous painter Pietro Vannucci, nicknamed Perugino, was a native of Città della Pieve near Perugia. He decorated the local Sala del Cambio with a beautiful series of frescoes; eight of his pictures can also be admired in the National Gallery of Umbria.[1] Perugino was the teacher of Raphael,[2] the great Renaissance artist who produced five paintings in Perugia (today no longer in the city)[3] and one fresco.[4] Another famous painter, Pinturicchio, lived in Perugia. Galeazzo Alessi is the most famous architect from Perugia.

Contents

History

Perugia was an Umbrian settlement[5] but first appears in written history as Perusia, one of the twelve confederate cities of Etruria;[5] it was first mentioned in Q. Fabius Pictor's account, utilized by Livy, of the expedition carried out against the Etruscan league by Fabius Maximus Rullianus[6] in 310 or 309 BC. At that time a thirty-year indutiae (truce) was agreed upon;[7] however, in 295 Perusia took part in the Third Samnite War and was reduced, with Volsinii and Arretium (Arezzo), to seek for peace in the following year.[8]

In 216 and 205 BC it assisted Rome in the Second Punic War but afterwards it is not mentioned until 41-40 BC, when Lucius Antonius took refuge there, and was reduced by Octavian after a long siege, and its senators sent to their death. A number of lead bullets used by slingers have been found in and around the city.[9] The city was burnt, we are told, with the exception of the temples of Vulcan and Juno— the massive Etruscan terrace-walls,[10] naturally, can hardly have suffered at all— and the town, with the territory for a mile round, was allowed to be occupied by whomever chose. It must have been rebuilt almost at once, for several bases for statues exist, inscribed Augusto sacr(um) Perusia restituta; but it did not become a colonia, until 251-253 AD, when it was resettled as Colonia Vibia Augusta Perusia, under the emperor C. Vibius Trebonianus Gallus.[11]

It is hardly mentioned except by the geographers until it was the only city in Umbria to resist Totila, who captured it and laid the city waste in 547, after a long siege, apparently after the city's Byzantine garrison evacuated. Negotiations with the besieging forces fell to the city's bishop, Herculanus, as representative of the townspeople.[12] Totila is said to have ordered the bishop to be flayed and beheaded. St. Herculanus (Sant'Ercolano) later became the city's patron saint.[13]

In the Lombard period Perugia is spoken of as one of the principal cities of Tuscia.[14] In the ninth century, with the consent of Charlemagne and Louis the Pious, it passed under the popes; but by the eleventh century its commune was asserting itself, and for many centuries the city continued to maintain an independent life, warring against many of the neighbouring lands and cities— Foligno, Assisi, Spoleto, Todi, Siena, Arezzo, etc. In 1186 Henry VI, rex romanorum and future emperor, granted diplomatic recognition to the consular government of the city; afterward Pope Innocent III, whose major aim was to give state dignity to the dominions having been constituting the patrimony of St. Peter, acknowledged the validity of the imperial statement and recognized the established civic practices having the force of law.[15]

Medieval aqueduct.

On various occasions the popes found asylum from the tumults of Rome within its walls, and it was the meeting-place of five conclaves, including those which elected Honorius III (1216), Clement IV (1285), Celestine V (1294), and Clement V (1305); the papal presence was characterized by a pacificatory rule between the internal rivalries.[15] But Perugia had no mind simply to subserve the papal interests and never accepted papal sovereignty: the city used to exercise a jurisdiction over the members of the clergy, moreover in 1282 Perugia was excommunicated due to a new military offensive against the Ghibellines regardless of a papal prohibition. In the other hand side by side with the thirteenth-century bronze griffin of Perugia above the door of the Palazzo dei Priori stands, as a Guelphic emblem, the lion, and Perugia remained loyal for the most part to the Guelph party in the struggles of Guelphs and Ghibellines. However this dominant tendency was rather an anti-Germanic and Italian political strategy.[15] The Angevin presence in Italy appeared offer a counterpoise to papal powers: in 1319 Perugia declared the Angevin Saint Louis of Toulouse "Protector of the city's sovereignty and of the Palazzo of its Priors"[16] and set his figure among the other patron saints above the rich doorway of the Palazzo dei Priori. At the half of the 14th century Bartholus of Sassoferrato, who was a renowned jurist, asserted that Perugia was dependent upon neither imperial nor papal support.[15] In 1347, at the time of Rienzi's unfortunate enterprise in reviving the Roman republic, Perugia sent ten ambassadors to pay him honour; and, when papal legates sought to coerce it by foreign soldiers, or to exact contributions, they met with vigorous resistance, which broke into open warfare with Pope Urban V in 1369; in 1370 the noble party reached an agreement signing the treaty of Bologna and Perugia was forced to accept a papal legate; however the vicar-general of the Papal States, Gérard du Puy, Abbot of Marmoutier and nephew of Gregory IX,[17] was expelled by a popular uprising in 1375, and his fortification of Porta Sole was razed to the ground.[18]

Palazzo dei Priori: the center of communal government.

Civic peace was constantly disturbed in the fourteenth century by struggles between the party representing the people (Raspanti) and the nobles (Beccherini). After the assassination in 1398 of Biordo Michelotti, who had made himself lord of Perugia, the city became a pawn in the Italian Wars, passing to Gian Galeazzo Visconti (1400), to Pope Boniface IX (1403), and to Ladislas of Naples (1408–14) before it settled into a period of sound governance under the Signoria of the condottiero Braccio da Montone (1416–24), who reached a concordance with the Papacy. Following mutual atrocities of the Oddi and the Baglioni families, power was at last concentrated in the Baglioni, who, though they had no legal position, defied all other authority, though their bloody internal squabbles culminated in a massacre, 14 July 1500.[18] Gian Paolo Baglioni was lured to Rome in 1520 and beheaded by Leo X; and in 1540 Rodolfo, who had slain a papal legate, was defeated by Pier Luigi Farnese, and the city, captured and plundered by his soldiery, was deprived of its privileges. A citadel known as the Rocca Paolina, after the name of Pope Paul III, was built, to designs of Antonio da Sangallo the Younger "ad coercendam Perusinorum audaciam."[19]

In the Rocca Paolina

In 1797, the city was conquered by French troops. On 4 February 1798, the Tiberina Republic was formed, with Perugia as capital, and the French tricolour as flag. In 1799, the Tiberina Republic merged to the Roman Republic.

In 1832, 1838, 1854, and 1997, Perugia was hit by earthquakes. Following the collapse of the Roman republic of 1848-49, when the Rocca was in part demolished,[18] it was seized in May 1849 by the Austrians. In June 1859 the inhabitants rebelled against the temporal authority of the Pope and established a provisional government, but the insurrection was quashed bloodily by Pius IX's troops.[20] In September 1860 the city was united finally, along with the rest of Umbria, as part of the Kingdom of Italy.

Economy

Perugia has become famous for chocolate, mostly because of a single firm, Perugina, whose Baci (kisses) are widely exported.[21] Perugian chocolate is very popular in Italy,[22] and the city hosts a chocolate festival every October.[23]

Geography

Perugia is the capital city of the region of Umbria "The green heart of Italy" (ref. www.regioneumbria.eu). Umbria is located between: Tuscany, Lazio and The Marche. Cities' distances from Perugia: Assisi 19 km, Siena 102 km, Florence 145 km, Rome 164 km.

Perugia, strongly fortified by art and nature, on a lofty eminence, rising abruptly from the plain where purple mountains mingle with the distant sky, is glowing, on its market-day, with radiant colours.
Charles Dickens Pictures from Italy, London 1846
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Climate

Even though perugia is located in the Central part of Italy, Perugia experiences a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) similar to much of Northern Italy.

Climate data for Perugia
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 8.6
(47.5)
10.7
(51.3)
13.7
(56.7)
16.9
(62.4)
22
(71.6)
25.9
(78.6)
29.8
(85.6)
29.2
(84.6)
25.6
(78.1)
19.9
(67.8)
13.4
(56.1)
9
(48.2)
18.7
(65.7)
Average low °C (°F) 0.2
(32.4)
1.5
(34.7)
2.8
(37.0)
5.2
(41.4)
9.3
(48.7)
12.4
(54.3)
14.9
(58.8)
15.1
(59.2)
12.9
(55.2)
8.8
(47.8)
4.2
(39.6)
1.6
(34.9)
7.4
(45.3)
Precipitation mm (inches) 58.4
(2.3)
68.6
(2.7)
61
(2.4)
71.1
(2.8)
73.7
(2.9)
71.1
(2.8)
45.7
(1.8)
61
(2.4)
68.6
(2.7)
76.2
(3.0)
94
(3.7)
71.1
(2.8)
820.4
(32.3)
Source: [24] 2009-06-04

Demographics

In 2007, there were 163,287 people residing in Perugia, located in the province of Perugia, Umbria, of whom 47.7% were male and 52.3% were female. Minors (children ages 18 and younger) totalled 16.41 percent of the population compared to pensioners who number 21.51 percent. This compares with the Italian average of 18.06 percent (minors) and 19.94 percent (pensioners). The average age of Perugia residents is 44 compared to the Italian average of 42. In the five years between 2002 and 2007, the population of Perugia grew by 7.86 percent, while Italy as a whole grew by 3.85 percent.[25]

As of 2006, 90.84% of the population was Italian. The largest immigrant group came from other European countries (particularly from Albania and Romania): 3.93%, the Americas: 2.01%, and North African: 1.3%. The majority of inhabitants are Roman Catholic.[citation needed]

Education

Perugia today hosts two main universities, the ancient Università degli Studi (University of Perugia) and the Foreigners University (Università per Stranieri). Stranieri serves as an Italian language and culture school for students from all over the world.[26] Other educational institutions are the Perugia Fine Arts Academy "Pietro Vannucci" (founded in 1573), the Perugia Music Conservatory for the study of classical music, and the RAI Public Broadcasting School of Radio-Television Journalism.[27] The city is also host to the Umbra Institute, an accredited university program for American students studying abroad.[28] The Università dei Sapori (University of Tastes), a National centre for Vocational Education and Training in Food, is located in the city as well.[29]

Frazioni

The comune includes the frazioni of Bagnaia, Bosco, Capanne, Casa del Diavolo, Castel del Piano, Cenerente, Civitella Benazzone, Civitella d'Arna, Collestrada, Colle Umberto I, Cordigliano, Colombella, Farneto, Ferro di Cavallo, Fontignano, Fratticiola Selvatica, La Bruna, La Cinella, Lacugnano, Lidarno, Migiana di Monte Tezio, Monte Bagnolo, Monte Corneo, Montelaguardia, Monte Petriolo, Mugnano, Olmo, Parlesca, Pianello, Piccione, Pila, Pilonico Materno, Ponte della Pietra, Poggio delle Corti, Ponte Felcino, Ponte Pattoli, Ponte Rio, Ponte San Giovanni, Ponte Valleceppi, Prepo, Pretola, Ramazzano-Le Pulci, Rancolfo, Ripa, Sant'Andrea delle Fratte, Sant'Egidio, Sant'Enea, San Fortunato della Collina, San Giovanni del Pantano, Sant'Andrea d'Agliano, Santa Lucia, San Marco, Santa Maria Rossa, San Martino dei Colli, San Martino in Campo, San Martino in Colle, San Sisto, Solfagnano, Villa Pitignano. Collestrada, in the territorio of the suburb of Ponte San Giovanni, saw a battle between the inhabitants of Perugia and Assisi in 1202.

Main sights

Churches

Fontana Maggiore.
  • The Cathedral of S. Lorenzo.
  • Church and abbey of San Pietro (late 16th century).
  • Basilica of San Domenico (begun in 1394 and finished in 1458). It is located in the place where, in Middle Ages times, the market and the horse fair were held, and where the Dominicans settled in 1234. According to Vasari, the church was designed by Giovanni Pisano. The interior decorations were redesigned by Carlo Maderno, while the massive belfry was partially cut around mid-16th century. It houses examples of Umbrian art, including the precious tomb of Pope Benedict XI and a Renaissance wooden choir.
  • Church of Sant'Angelo or of San Michele Arcangelo (it is the same) (5th-6th centuries). It is an example of Palaeo-Christian art with central plan recalling that of Santo Stefano Rotondo in Rome. It has 16 antique columns.
  • Church of San Bernardino (with façade by Agostino di Duccio).
  • Church of Sant' Ercolano (early 14th century). Currently resembling a polygonal tower, it had once two floors. The upper one was demolished when the Rocca Paolina was built. It includes Baroque decorations commissioned from 1607. The main altar is made of a 4th sarcophagus found in 1609.
  • Church of Sant'Antonio da Padova.
  • Church of Santa Giuliana, heir of a female monastery founded in 1253, which in its later years gained a reputation for dissoluteness, until the French turned it into a granary. It is now a military hospital. The church, with a single nave, has traces of the ancient frescoes (13th century), which probably covered all the walls. The cloister is a noteworthy example of Cistercian architecture of the mid-14th century, attributed to Matteo Gattapone. This is contemporary with the upper part of the campanile, whose base is from the 13th century.
  • Templar church of San Bevignate.

Secular buildings

Antiquities

Etruscan Arch.
  • the Ipogeo dei Volumni (Hypogeum of the Volumnus family), an Etruscan chamber tomb
  • an Etruscan Well (Pozzo Etrusco).
  • National Museum of Umbrian Archaeology, where one of the longest inscription in Etruscan is conserved , the so-called Cippus perusinus.
  • Etruscan Arch (also known as Porta Augusta), an Etruscan gate with Roman elements.

Modern architecture

  • Centro Direzionale (1982–1986), an administration civic center owned by the Umbria Region. The building was designed by the Pritzker Architecture prizewinner Aldo Rossi.[31]

Art in Perugia

Pietro Perugino, Self portrait

Perugia has had a rich tradition of art and artists. The High Renaissance painter Pietro Perugino created some of his masterpieces in the Perugia area. The other High Resaissance master Raphael was also active in Perugia and painted his famous Oddi Altar there in 1502-1504.

Today, the Galleria Nazionale dell'Umbria in Perugia houses a number of masterpieces, including the Madonna with Child and six Angels which represents the Renaissance Marian art of Duccio. And the private Art Collection of the Fondazione Cassa di Risparmio di Perugia has two separate locations.

The Collegio del Cambio is an extremely well preserved representation of a Renaissance building and houses a magnificent Pietro Perugino fresco.[32]

Local events

  • The Umbria Jazz Festival is one of the most important venues for Jazz in Europe and has been held annually since 1973, usually in July.
  • Sagra Musicale Umbra[33]
  • The International Journalism Festival (Festival del Giornalismo), usually in October.
  • [1]Eurochocolate, usually in October.

Gallery of art in Perugia

Transport

Minimetrò

Perugia has taken drastic measures against car traffic. At certain hours of the day, driving is forbidden in the city centre. Large parking lots are provided in the lower town, from where escalators lead up through the Rocca Paolina into the city. Since 2008, a MiniMetro is also in operation, with seven stations.[34]

San Egidio Airport is located twelve kilometers outside the city.

Twin towns — Sister cities

Perugia has twin and sister city agreements with the following cities:[35]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ cf. Perugia, Raffaele Rossi, Pietro Scarpellini, 1993 (Vol. 1, pg. 337, 344)
  2. ^ "...it appears most probable that he did not enter Perugino's studio till the end of 1499, as during the four or five years before that Perugino was mostly absent from his native city. The so-called Sketch Book of Raphael in the academy of Venice contains studies apparently from the cartoons of some of Perugino's Sistine frescoes, possibly done as practice in drawing." (Encyclopedia Britannica Eleventh Edition).
    See also "Perugia". The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. Columbia University Press., 2003
  3. ^ The precise role of Raphael in Perugino's works, executed during his apprenticeship, is disputed by scholars. The independent works depicted in Perugia are: the Ansidei Madonna (taken by the French under the terms of the Treaty of Tolentino in 1798), the Pala Baglioni (this masterpiece was expropriated by Scipione Borghese in 1608, cf. 'The Guardian, October 19, 2004), the Colonna Altarpiece (formerly located in the convent of St Anthony of Padua cf.The Colonna Altarpiece review at Art History), the Connestabile Madonna (this picture was lost to Perugia in 1871, when Count Connestabile sold it to the emperor of Russia for £13,200, cf. Encyclopedia Britannica), the Oddi Altarpiece (requisitioned by the French in 1798)
  4. ^ a b "...some studies for the figure of St. John the Martyr which Raphael used in 1505 in his great fresco in the Church of San Severo at Perugia." (The Notebooks of Leonardo Da Vinci (X)
  5. ^ a b Perugia (2007). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved May 21, 2007, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online
  6. ^ "How much of his glory is due to his kinsman, Fabius Pictor, the first historian of Rome, or to the family legends, which found in Etruria the most fitting scene for the exploits of the great Fabian house, we cannot tell" (Walter W. How and Henry Devenish Leigh, A History of Rome to the Death of Caesar London:Longmans, Green 1898:112).
  7. ^ Livy ix.37.12).
  8. ^ Livy ix.30.1-2, 31.1-3; indutiae with Volsinii, Perusia and Arretium, ix.37.4-5.
  9. ^ cf. Corpus Inscr. Lat. xi. 1212
  10. ^ Etruscan town walls.
  11. ^ Latin inscriptions at two of the preserved Etruscan gates.
  12. ^ Patrick Amory, People and Identity in Ostrogothic Italy, 489-554 pp185-86, referring to Perugia in passing, notes the increasingly localized role assumed since the mid-fifth century by the bishops.
  13. ^ Procopius, Bellum Gothicum, 3 (7).2.35.2, characteristically does not mention the incident, reported in Gregory the Great, Dialogues, 13, who imagines a seven-year siege (i.e. since 540, before the accession of Baduila) and dramatically reports Herculanus' grotesque murder.
  14. ^ Procopius of Caesarea, Gothic Wars I,16 and III,35.
  15. ^ a b c d cf. Perugia, Raffaele Rossi, Attilio Bartoli Angeli, Roberta Sottani 1993 (Vol. 1, pp. 120-140)
  16. ^ "Avvocato della Signoria cittadina e del Palazzo dei suoi Priori"
  17. ^ Made a cardinal by his uncle, 20 December 1375 (Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church: XIV century)
  18. ^ a b c cf. Touring Club Italiano, Guida d'Italia: Umbria (1966)
  19. ^ "in order to bring to heel the audacious Perugini".
  20. ^ cf. Chicago Tribune, Jul 18, 1859 and The outrage of the American witnesses in Perugia, Chicago Tribune, Jul 21, 1859
  21. ^ Nestlè-Perugina produced in 2005 about 1.5 million Baci a day. Each October, Perugia has an annual chocolate festival called EuroChocolate. In Italy, right in the kisser, The Washington Post, May 29, 2005
  22. ^ The company's plant located in San Sisto (Perugia) is the largest of Nestlé's nine sites in Italy.European Industrial Relations Observatory, April 9, 2003. According to the Nestlé Usa official website today Baci is the most famous chocolate brand in Italy.
  23. ^ Thousands converge on historic city to celebrate everything chocolate, Associated Press, October 21, 2002
  24. ^ "Perugia historic weather averages in Italy". Intellicast. http://www.intellicast.com/local/history.aspx?location=ITXX0136. Retrieved 4 June 2009. 
  25. ^ "Statistiche demografiche ISTAT". Demo.istat.it. http://demo.istat.it/bil2007/index.html. Retrieved 2009-05-06. 
  26. ^ BBC students diaries March 13, 2007
  27. ^ See Perugia, University Town and La Repubblica Università - Italian Journalism recognized schools(Italian)
  28. ^ "The Umbra Institute". http://www.umbra-institute.com. 
  29. ^ See the institution educational purposes at the Università dei Sapori official site
  30. ^ A short break in Perugia The Independent - London, June 6, 1999
  31. ^ The Centro Direzionale is mentioned in the Aldo Rossi personal page at the Pritzker Prize official website
  32. ^ NY Times
  33. ^ The Umbrian musical event is hosted in Perugia since the end of World War II NYT, October 18, 1953
  34. ^ Perugia MiniMetro on UrbanRail.net
  35. ^ Perugia Official site - Relazioni Internazionali(Italian)
  36. ^ Association of twinnings and international relations of Aix-en-Provence
  37. ^ Mairie of Aix-en-Provence - Twinnings and partnerships
  38. ^ "Bratislava City - Twin Towns". © 2003-2009 Bratislava-City.sk. http://www.bratislava-city.sk/bratislava-twin-towns. Retrieved 2009-07-07. 

References

  • Conestabile della Staffa, Giancarlo (1855). I Monumenti di Perugia etrusca e romana. Perugia. 
  • Gallenga Stuart, Romeo Adriano (1905). Perugia. Bergamo: Istituto italiano d'arti grafiche Editore. 
  • Heywood, William (1910). A history of Perugia. London: Methuen & Co. 
  • Mancini, Francesco Federico; Giovanna Casagrande. Perugia - guida storico-artistica. Perugia: Italcards. ISBN 88-7193-746-5. 
  • Rubin Blanshei, Sarah (1976). Perugia, 1260-1340: Conflict and Change in a Medieval Italian Urban Society. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society. 
  • Rossi, Raffaele; and others (1993). Perugia. Milan: Elio Sellino Editore. ISBN 88-236-0051-0. 
  • Symonds, Margaret; Lina Duff Gordon (1898). The Story of Perugia. London: J.M. Dent & Co. 

External links


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Perugia is the capital city in the region of Umbria in central Italy, near the Tiber river, and the capital of the province of Perugia.

Sourced

  • I should perhaps do the reader a service by telling him just how a week at Perugia may be spent. His first care must be to ignore the very dream of haste, walking everywhere very slowly and very much at random, and to impute an esoteric sense to almost anything his eye may happen to encounter. Almost everything in fact lends itself to the historic, the romantic, the æsthetic fallacy--almost everything has an antique queerness and richness that ekes out the reduced state; that of a grim and battered old adventuress, the heroine of many shames and scandals, surviving to an extraordinary age and a considerable penury, but with ancient gifts of princes and other forms of the wages of sin to show, and the most beautiful garden of all the world to sit and doze and count her beads in and remember.
  • I left Perugia on a lovely morning, and experienced the joy of being on my own again. The city is in a beautiful position and the view of the lake is truly a delight: those sights are now well engraved in my mind's eye.
    • Ich verließ Perugia an einem herrlichen Morgen und fühlte die Seligkeit, wieder allein zu sein. Die Lage der Stadt ist schön, der Anblick des Sees höchst erfreulich. Ich habe mir die Bilder wohl eingedrückt.
    • Johann Wolfgang Goethe, Italian Journey (1817). Goethe's Italian journey took place in 1786-87.

External links

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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Perugia [1] is a city in the Italian region of Umbria.

Get in

By air

The Airport in Rome is three hours away (see the By bus section for transportation) and Milan's Malpensa airport about 4 hours away. Perugia has a small regional airport with connecting service to Milan and flights from London and Barcelona on Ryanair. A little further away, Pisa and Bologna are served by low cost European airlines.

By train

The train station is in the valley, a few kilometers from the centro storico (historic center) of the city. You can take the Mini Metro railway, a local bus or a taxi from the station. From Rome to Perugia by train is only 10.50€ if you take Tren Regionale otherwise it's double.

By bus

Buses from Rome Fumicino Airport depart from the lower level parking area at regular intervals (3 hours, 20 €)[2]. (NB: Many of the buses in the Tourist Bus Parking area are privately hired, and are not available to the general public. Some buses, such as the Sulga, may appear on the upper levels of Terminal C, but do not be concerned; they will arrive at the scheduled time in the lower level parking area. Be sure to check timetables online or elsewhere before arriving to be sure of departure times.)

By car

Perugia is just off the A1 autostrada that runs from Rome to Milan. Approximate travel times are Rome 2.5 hours, Orvieto 1 hour, Milan 4 hours, Florence 1 hour. Perugia is also accessible from other parts of Italy by car via the Autostrada.

Get around

It is almost impossible to access the Centro Storico (historic centre) by car unless you have a confirmed hotel booking. Even outside the very centre you will drive very slowly over the many cobblestoned one-way streets and may very well end up driving around in circles several times. You are best advised to do as little driving as possible, and get around on foot. As usual in Italian cities, taxis can be called if you need them. One unusual alternative is to take the long escalators from parking in the lower town up to the Centro Storico. It's also available a new "small-metro" system, starting from the city stadium and going, with 5 stops, until the historical center.

See

Visit the lovely Duomo (cathedral) and the nearby building which contains very well-preserved frescoes by Perugino, the great painter who was native to this city.

There is probably no city in the world that better rewards the casual explorer in the sheer variety of its streetscapes. You can stroll along a Roman aqueduct that connects two of the city's hills, passing doors on the third stories of homes to peer over the edge at the doors at street level below. You can walk along the Via delle Volta della Pace, which follows the Etruscan city wall, but is now wholly arched over by a Gothic portico. You can stumble along cobbled streets that have the unique combination of slopes interrupted by small steps that only Italians seem to master. You can tread under the Etruscan arch, which was ancient when Caesar trod the same path. You can loll with the students from the International University on the steps of the Cathedral or amble down the broad pedestrian way from those steps to sit on a bench at the other end and watch as the Umbrian hills dissolve into a twilight vision that is the landscape behind the Mona Lisa. The more energetic can hike out to St. Angelo's in the northwest of the city, where sixteen ancient columns form the centrepiece of a brick church that glows with the light from garnet windows on a site that has been sacred from the times of the Etruscans. A perfect ending to the day would be sit at the end of the main street looking over the Umbrian hills.

View from near the Umbrian Parliament building.
View from near the Umbrian Parliament building.
  • one day cooking class in Perugia, strada comunale san marino 25, 00390755899951, [3]. If you are traveling to Umbria or in Tuscany we offer one-day cooking class in Perugia that will make your vacation unforgettable!  edit

Do

It could be a good idea to see the Umbria Jazz Festival. During this period Perugia has a really beautiful atmosphere, with jazz concerts in the center of the city. for more info: http://www.umbriajazz.com/

Also, a 10 minute train ride will take you to Assisi.

  • Take a guided walking tour of Perugia, [4]. Take an escorted walking tour of Perugia with a fluent English-speaking Umbrian-native guide. mail: info@love-umbria.com  edit
  • Cooking tours in Umbria, strada comunale San marino 25 Perugia, 00390755899951, [5]. We offers unique package itineraries for groups from 2 up to 10 persons in Central Italy. Our tours include visits to well-known cities in Umbria and Tuscany such as Perugia, Assisi, Gubbio, Todi, Orvieto, Spoleto, Norcia, Siena, Cortona, Siena, Montalcino e Arezzo but also to many less frequented towns and villages off the usual tourist itinerary. n each tour there will be time for a culinary experience with wonderful cooking lesson in the farm!  edit

Eat

For most tourists, the center, or downtown, of Perugia will be the most rewarding place to eat either lunch or dinner. The main street 'walk' begins at the Piazza Duomo at the Fontana Maggiore and ends with a dramatic overlook that showcases the city's churches and the Umbrian countryside. There are many dining options along this street. The last hotel on the right hand side before reaching the overlook offers five star accommodation and regional dishes, specializing in legumes and fantastic olive oils. At the other end of the walk, just to the right of the Duomo, is a charming pizzeria, La Mediterranea. It is comprised of two rooms, the first with a brick oven and a buffet where an expert pizzaiolo slides freshly topped pizzas onto the stone hearth. This restaurant is always crowded, and only open from 1-4 and 7-11. Arrive either right at opening or after the traditional Italian dinner hours if you don't want to wait outside. The prices range from 5-10 euro per pizza, with a 1 euro cover charge per person. The pizzas are also available for take-out without the cover charge. Step inside the door and give your order to one of the white-aproned gentlemen who will take your money and deliver you your pizza (wait outside while it's being cooked). Located on the historic Via Volte della Pace lies La Botte pizzeria. La Botte operates from 12-3 and 7-11 and offers a variety of local pizzas for in restaurant dining or take-out. At 3.50 Euro for a take-out pizza, La Botte offers one of the best deals in town for those on a budget. You definitely have to go by Dal mi Cocco, a traditional Perugian restaurant. A fixed menu for 13 euro and a bottle of good wine for 5. Make sure to make a reservation though (+39 0755732511). Open from 20.30, so real Italian dinner times. All the food is made fresh, a visit to Perugia is completed by eating here. Also perfect for groups. For dessert, the gelato shop, called Gambrinus Centro, on Via Bonazzi just off the opposite side of the Piazza is delicious with a great many flavours. Or continue down the road past the pizza shop, go down the winding street. When you come to the end, turn left and walk down the road through the historic apartments until you see the ducal palace which is now the Universita' dei Stranieri di Perugia. On the right side of the street is a delightful chocolate shop which serves freshly made chocolates as well as an assortment of gelato--the chocolate flavours are fantastic.

If you wish to not eat Italian food, there is a chain restaurant called Roadhouse Grill, about a 5-10 minute walk from Hotel Fiera (near the railroad tracks) on Via Stalingrado. Good if you feel like sinking your teeth into a nice juicy burger and having some beer. They also have salads, pasta and some Mexican dishes (fajitas and the like).

  • Osteria Il Gufo, via della Viola 18, [6]. 8pm-1am, closed sundays, mondays. A very good osteria with good green salads and decent prices. The homemade Limoncello is a nice touch.  edit
  • Settimo Sigillo, 075 5724306. An excellent trattoria/ristorante with great prices that serves wonderful local cuisine, good wines and deserts, and has very friendly staff.  edit
  • The Cafe Di Perugia, Via Mazzini. has very nice decor, and a smoking lounge upstairs for days when the weather isn't so great. The do a very good hot chocolate.
  • Merlin Pub Via del Forno: Good place to drink, good mix of locals and students alike. Good offers on beers, remember if you get a leaflet, make sure the barman sees it, otherwise you will get charged full whack. Look out for Pisco, the owner, who will love to give you a free welcome shot.
  • La Tana Dell Orso: Very popular with the local student population, foreign and nationals alike. Its very close to the University for foreigners, so expect a mixed crowd. the cocktails are very good and reasonably priced.
  • Let's cook in Umbria, strada comunale San marino 25, 00390755899951, [7]. Cooking holidays and cooking classes in a spectacular location (Umbria, Italy): hands-on cooking lessons, 2/4/7 days culinary tours in Umbria and Tuscany and traditional meals.  edit
  • Punta di Vista: Just off the Piazza Italia, open air bar which is open in the summer. Nice cocktails and (like the name says) a beautiful view.
  • Agriturismo Le Quattro Stagioni - Via Marchetti, 58 - 06061 Loc. Piana, Castiglion Del Lago (PG). Farm,nursery , wildlife and rural tourism in the town of Castiglione del Lago,Lake Trasimeno. Swimming pool, great room convivii and meetings (with large fireplace and beautiful arches cross). Garden equipped with games for children. Direct sales of oil, wine and fruit and vegetables. Tel: 075951919 - 3338280114 - 3487488503 - email: guest@agriturismo-quattro-stagioni.it - URL: http://www.agriturismo-quattro-stagioni.it .
  • Castello dell Oscano - Strada della Forcella, 37. The Castello dell'Oscano is situated in the outskirts of Perugia, Locality Cenerente. Other major locations in the vicinity are: Perugia airport (20 km), Assisi (25 km), Gubbio (40km).
  • Castello di Petroia Hotel, Localita' Petroia - 06020 Scritto di Gubbio.[8] Since it is situated on a strategic location between Gubbio and Perugia overlooking the Chiascio valley, Petroia Castle was the scene of many important events of the XII, XIII and XIV centuries.A very important historical date is to be remebered when talking about the Castle of Petroia. The 7 of June 1422, the very young Elisabetta degli Accomandugi, gave birth to Federico of Montefeltro, who later on became Duke of Urbino.
  • La Preghiera in Calzolaro - Calzolaro (PG) 06018 Umbria. The hotel is located in the province of Perugia, in the green foothills region of Umbria, close to Umbertide, Città di Castello, Gubbio and Assisi.
  • Relais Borgo Brufa & SPA , Via del Colle 38 - Brufa - Torgiano PG - Telefono +39 075985267, [9]. Borgo Brufa is a hillside resort with good views of the surrounding areas.
  • Borgo Monticelli 14 km from the centre of Perugia, it is a tiny hamlet dated back to 1100 with 18 apartments all recently renovated. Riding centre and golf courses nearby. Parking by the house. For shared use: garden and swimming pool. There are also agritourism hotels just out of town, which are easily accessed by car. There may also be free buses to certain hotels, depending on where you wish to stay.
  • Alla Posta dei Donini, Via Deruta 43 - 06132, [10]. An historical residence in San Martino in Campo, near Perugia.
  • Villa Nuba Apartments, Address Villa Nuba residenze di pregio, Strada vicinale Colle San Giorgio, 7006122, tel & fax: (+39) 075.5725765/ cellular: (+39) 338.6872362. Luxury vacation rentals directly by the owners. Salt water swimming pool and Jacuzzi. Twenty minutes walking distance from the medieval center of Perugia. [11]
  • Vega Hotel, Strada di Montalcino, 2/a 06134 Ponte Valleceppi, (), [12]. The hotel is built on two floors and offers 37 comfortable rooms with varying characteristics: apart from the single, twin and double rooms, it also offer very large, family-oriented triple and four-bedded rooms.  edit
  • Hotel Colle della Trinitá Perugia – Via delle Rose 38/40 - Cap: 06074, Corciano (PG), Italy. [13]. Telephone +39 075 5172048 • Fax +39 075 5171197. The Hotel Colle della Trinitá is a four star hotel located in the province of Perugia with swimming pool in the park, large bedrooms with whirlpool bath tub (superior rooms), wedding services, restaurant, congress centre and much more, for the best relaxing holiday immerged in the Umbria countryside around Perugia.
  • Hotel Tirrenus Perugia, 3 stars hotel very close to the historical centre. Parking, free internet, quick food, international channels tv, english and french speaking young staff, completely renoved, very quite location, and more..... visit www.hoteltirrenus.it - tel +3907538200 - info@hoteltirrenus.it
  • Agriturismo la volpe e l'uva, strada comunale san marino 25, 00390755899951, [14]. Spend your holidays in a beautiful country farm in Umbria,only few kilometres from Perugia, near Tuscany, in the heart of Italy. You can stay in one of our holiday apartments and enjoy a relaxing holiday while being close enough to visit the city of Perugia, Assisi and its surroundings. The farmhouse is in the beautiful heart of the Umbria valley, Italy, sourronded by 10 hectares of olive groves, vineyards and fruit trees. Six independent apartments have been restored around the ancient stone house, which go back to 17th century. Thre farm is only 4km far from the historic centre of Perugia and offers a suggestive view of the Umbrian hills. T  edit

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
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From LoveToKnow 1911

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Etymology

Italian Perugia, from Latin Perusia

Proper noun

Perugia

  1. Province of Umbria, Italy.
  2. A city, the capital of Perugia.

Derived terms

Translations


Italian

Proper noun

Perugia f

  1. Perugia (province)
  2. Perugia (town)

Simple English

Comune di Perugia
Country Italy
Region Umbria
Province Perugia (PG)
Elevation 493 m (1,617 ft)
Area 449.92 km2 (174 sq mi)
Population (as of 2007)
 - Total 162,275
 - Density 361/km² (935/sq mi)
Time zone CET, UTC+1
Coordinates 43°6′44″N, 12°23′20″E
Gentilic Perugini
Dialing code075
Postal code 06100
Frazioni See list
Patron St. Constantius, St. Herculanus, St. Lawrence
 - Day 29 January


Location of Perugia in Italy
Website: http://www.comune.perugia.it/

Perugia is an Italian capital city in Umbria with 157,489 inhabitants.


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