Petah Tikva: Wikis


Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Did you know ...

More interesting facts on Petah Tikva

Include this on your site/blog:


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Petah Tikva
Em HaMoshavot, Petah Tikva, 2008.jpg
Coat of arms of Petah-Tiqua.png
Emblem of Petah Tikva
District Center
Government City (from 1937)
Hebrew About this sound פֶּתַח תִּקְוָה
(Translit.) Petaḥ Tikva
Name meaning Opening of hope
Also spelled Petah Tiqwa (officially)

Petach Tikvah (unofficially)

Population 193,900 (2008)
Area 35,868 dunams (35.868 km2; 13.849 sq mi)
Mayor Yitzhak Ohayon
Founded in 1878

Petah Tikva (Hebrew: פֶּתַח תִּקְוָה‎, "Opening of Hope") known as Em HaMoshavot ("Mother of the Moshavot"), is a city in the Center District of Israel. Petah Tikva's jurisdiction covers 35,868 dunams (~35.9 km² or 15 sq mi). The population density is 4,600 inhabitants per square kilometre (12,000 /sq mi). According to the Central Bureau of Statistics, at the end of 2007, the city's population stood at 188,900, growing at an annual rate of 2.5%.[1]



The name of Petah Tikva was chosen by its founders in 1878 from the prophecy of Hosea (2:17), "And I will give her vineyards from thence, and the Valley of Achor for an opening of hope: and she shall sing there, as in the days of her youth, and as in the day when she came up out of the land of Egypt."

Petah Tikva's emblem appears on a postage stamp designed by Yitzhak Goldenhirsch, a founding member of Petah Tikva. The plow symbolizes Petah Tikva's origins as an agricultural settlement, the field symbolizes the drying of the Yarkon River swamps and cultivation of the land, and the orange tree symbolizes Petah Tikva's citrus industry, starting with the first tree planted by Rabbi Arye Leib Frumkin.


Petah Tikva in 1912
Workers in Petah Tikva in the 1930s

Petah Tikva was founded in 1878 by religious pioneers from Europe, who were led by Yehoshua Stampfer, Moshe Shmuel Raab, Yoel Moshe Salomon, Zerach Barnett and David Gutmann as well as Lithuanian Rabbi Aryeh Leib Frumkin and Zev Wolf Branda. It was the first modern Jewish agricultural settlement in Ottoman Palestine and has since grown to become one of Israel's most populous urban centres.

Originally intending to establish a new settlement in the Achor Valley, near Jericho, the pioneers purchased land in that area. However, the Turkish Sultan cancelled the purchase and forbade them from settling there, but they retained the name Petah Tikva as a symbol of their aspirations.

Undaunted, the settlers purchased a modest area (3.40 square kilometers) from the village of Mulabbis (variants: Mlabbes, Um-Labbes), near the source of the Yarkon River. The Sultan allowed the enterprise to proceed, but because their purchase was located in what was a malarial swamp, they had to evacuate when the malaria spread, founding the town of Yehud near the Arabic village Yehudiyya about 20 kilometres (12 mi) to the south. With the financial help of Baron Edmond de Rothschild they were able to drain the swamps sufficiently to be able to move back in 1883, joined by immigrants of the First Aliyah, and later the Second Aliyah.

During World War I, Petah Tikva served as a refugee town for residents of Tel Aviv and Jaffa, following their exile by the Turkish authorities due to their refusal to serve the Turkish army to fight the invading British forces. The town suffered heavily as it lay between the Turkish and British fronts during the war.

Petah Tikva became the school for thousands of pioneer workers, who studied the craft of farming there before they ventured out to establish dozens of settlements in all parts of the country. The agricultural schools are still active to this day.

Petah Tikva was also the birthplace of the Labor Zionist Movement, inspired and encouraged by the writings of A. D. Gordon who lived in Petah Tikva before moving to Degania in the Galilee.

The first recorded Arab attack on Jews in Palestine took place in Petah Tikva in 1886.[2] Petah Tikva was also the scene of Arab rioting in May 1921, which left four Jews dead.[3]

In the 1930s, the pioneering founders of Kibbutz Yavneh from the Religious Zionist movement immigrated to the British Mandate of Palestine, settling near Petah Tikva on land purchased by a Jewish-owned German company. Refining the agricultural skills they learned in Germany, these pioneers began in 1941 to build their kibbutz in its intended location in the south of Israel, operating from Petah Tikva as a base.

Shlomo Stampfer and his son in their orchard in the 1930s

In the early 1920s, industry began to develop in the Petah Tikva region. In 1921, Petah Tikva was given the status of a local council by the British authorities, and in 1937 it was recognized as a city. Its first mayor, Shlomo Stampfer, was the son of one of its founders, Yehoshua Stampfer.

After the creation of the State of Israel in 1948, several adjoining villages - Amishav and Ein Ganim to the east, Kiryat Matalon to the west, towards Bnei Brak, Kfar Ganim and Mahaneh Yehuda to the south and Kfar Avraham on the north - were merged into the municipal boundaries of Petah Tikva, giving it a significant population boost to 22,000.

During the Second Intifada, Petah Tikva suffered three terrorist attacks.

  • On May 27, 2002 a suicide bomber blew himself up at a small cafe outside a shopping mall, leaving two dead, including a baby.
  • On December 25, 2003 a suicide bomber blew himself up at a bus stop near the Geha bridge, killing 4 civilians.
  • On February 5, 2006 a Palestinian got into a shuttle taxi, pulled out a knife and began stabbing passengers. A worker from a nearby factory hit him with a log, subduing him. Two civilians died.


Petah Tikva is the second largest industrial sector in Israel after the northern city of Haifa. The industry is divided into three zones - Kiryat Aryeh (named after Aryeh Shenkar), Kiryat Matalon (named after Moshe Yitzhak Matalon), and Segula, and includes textiles, metalwork, carpentry, plastics, processed foods, tires and other rubber products, and soap. In the last few years many high-tech companies and start-ups have moved into the Petah Tikva industrial zone, which now house the Israeli headquarters for the Oracle Corporation, IBM, Intel, Alcatel-Lucent, ECI Telecom, and GlaxoSmithKline Pharmecuticals. Furthermore, the Israeli Teva company, the world's largest generic drug manufacturer is headquartered in Petah Tikva, whilst one of Israel's leading food processing corporations, Osem opened in Petah Tikva in 1976 and has since been joined by the company's administrative offices, distribution center and sauce factory.

Over time, the extensive citrus groves that once ringed Petah Tikva have disappeared as real-estate developers acquired the land for construction projects. Many new neighborhoods are going up in and around Petah Tikva. A quarry for building stone is located east of Petah Tikva.

As well as general hi-tech firms, Petah Tikva has developed a position as a base for many communications firms. As such, the headquarters of the Bezeq International international phone company is located in the Kiryat Matalon industial zone as are those of the Golden Lines Internet Service Provider. The headquarters of Internet Gold Internet Service Provider is located in the Segula industrial zone whilst those of Tadiran Telecom are in the Ramat Siv industrial zone. Arutz Sheva, the right wing Religious Zionist Israeli media network operates an internet radio studio in Petah Tikva, where Arutz Sheva internet TV is located as well as the printing press for its B'Sheva newspaper.


While Petah Tikva is not a major transportation hub, a large number of intercity Egged buses stop there, and the city has a network of local buses operated by the Kavim company. The Dan bus company operates lines to Ramat Gan, Bnei Brak and Tel Aviv.

Petah Tikva's largest bus terminal is the Petah Tikva Central Bus Station, while other major stations are located near Beilinson Hospital and Beit Rivka. A rapid transit/light rail system is in the works which will connect Petah Tikva to Bnei Brak, Ramat Gan, Tel Aviv and Bat Yam.

Israel Railways maintains two suburban railroad stations in Segula and Kiryat Aryeh, in the northern part of the city. A central train station near the main bus station is envisioned as part of Israel Railways's long-term expansion plan.

There are eight taxi fleets based in Petah Tikva, and the city is bordered by three of the major vehicle arteries in Israel: Geha Highway (Highway 4) on the west, the Trans-Samaria Highway (Highway 5) on the north, and the Trans-Israel Highway (Highway 6) on the east.

Local government and politics

Yehoshua Stampfer
Shlomo Stampfer
Petah Tikva City Hall

Petah Tikva's history of government goes back to 1880, when the pioneers elected a council of seven members to run the new colony. From 1880 to 1921, members of the council were David Meir Guttman, Yehoshua Stampfer, Ze'ev Branda, Abraham Ze'ev Lipkis, Yitzhak Goldenhirsch, Chaim Cohen-Rice, Moshe Gissin, Shlomo Zalman Gissin and Akiva Librecht. This governing body was declared a local council in 1921, and Petah Tikva became a city in 1937. Kadima, the political party founded by former Israeli prime minister Ariel Sharon and now headed by Tzipi Livni, has its headquarters in Petah Tikva.[4]


Council heads

  • Shlomo Zalman Gissin (1921)
  • Pinchas Meiri (1922–1928)
  • Shlomo Stampfer (1928–1937)


  • Shlomo Stampfer (1938–1940)
  • Yosef Sapir (1940–1950)
  • Mordechai Kraufman (1951)
  • Pinchas Rashish (1951–1966)
  • Yisrael Feinberg (1966–1978)
  • Dov Tavori (1978–1989)
  • Giora Lev (1989–1999)
  • Yitzhak Ohayon (1999–present)


Petah Tikva is home to 300 educational institutions from kindergarten through high school, catering to the secular, religious and Haredi populations. There are over 43,000 students enrolled in these schools, which are staffed by some 2,400 teachers. In 2006, five schools participated in the nationwide Mofet program, which promotes academic excellence. Petah Tikva has nine public libraries, the main one located in the city hall building.


Great Synagogue in Petah Tikva

Some 70,000 Orthodox Jews live in Petah Tikva. The community of Petah Tikva is served by 300 synagogues,[5] including the 120-year old Great Synagogue[6], eight mikvaot (ritual baths)[7] and two major Haredi yeshivot, Lomzhe Yeshiva and Or-Yisrael (founded by the Chazon Ish, Rabbi Avraham Yeshayahu Karelitz). Yeshivat Hesder Petah Tikva, a modern-orthodox Hesder Yeshiva affiliated with the Religious Zionist movement, directed by Rabbi Yuval Cherlow, is also located in Petah Tikva.

Petah Tikva has two cemeteries: Segula Cemetery, east of the city, and Yarkon Cemetery, to the northeast.


Petah Tikva is divided into 22 neighborhoods for municipal purposes:[8] Sgula Industrial Zone, Kiryat Aryeh Industrial Zone, Ramat Siv Industrial Zone, Hadar HaMoshavot, New Hadar HaMoshavot, Ahim Israelit, Neve Gan, Krol, Shifer, Kfar Avraham, Kiryat HaRav Solomon, Mishkanot Ganim, Shikun HaPo'el HaMizrahi, Tkuma, Kiryat Alon, Kiryat David Elazar, Yoseftal, Kiryat Eliezer Perry, Tzameret Ganim, Ein Ganim, City Center, Ramat Verber, Bar Yehuda, Neve Ganim, Kiryat Matalon, Neve Oz, Kfar Ganim, Bat Ganim, Shikun Ahdut, Sha'ariya, Amishav, Beilinson and Hadar Ganim.

Landmarks and cultural institutions

Calatrava bridge
  • Santiago Calatrava bridge
  • Petah Tikva Zoo
  • Beit Yad Labanim
  • Petah Tikva Museum of Art
  • Rothschild Arch


Petah Tikva has two soccer teams - Hapoel Petah Tikva F.C. and Maccabi Petah Tikva F.C.. The local baseball team, the Petach Tikva Pioneers, played in the inaugural 2007 season of the Israel Baseball League. The league folded the following year.


Rabin Medical Center (Belinson)

Petah Tikva has the most extensive health coverage of any city in Israel relative to the size of its population. Six hospitals are located in the city. The Rabin Medical Center Beilinson complex includes the Beilinson Medical Center, the Davidoff Oncologic Center, the Geha Psychiatric Hospital, the Schneider Pediatric Hospital and Tel Aviv University's Faculty of Medical Research. Other medical facilities in Petah Tikva are HaSharon Hospital, the Beit Rivka Geriatric Center, the Kupat Holim Medical Research Center and a private hospital, Ramat Marpeh, affiliated with Assuta Hospital. The Schneider Pediatric Center is one of the largest and most modern children's hospitals in the Middle East. In addition, there are many family health clinics in Petah Tikva as well as Kupat Holim clinics operated by Israel's Health maintenance organizations.

Notable residents

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Petah Tikva is twinned with:



External links

Coordinates: 32°05′19.78″N 34°53′10.8″E / 32.0888278°N 34.886333°E / 32.0888278; 34.886333

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Asia : Middle East : Israel : Petah Tikva

Petach Tikva [1] (פתח-תקוה) is a sleepy Israeli town that lies a few miles east of Tel Aviv. It may not have much to offer, but that depends what you are seeking.


Founded in 1878, Petach Tikva means "opening of hope" and was one of Israel's first agricultural settlements. It has grown into one of Israel's largest cities and now has some of the best medical facilities in the Middle East (including Schneider, the best and biggest children's hospital in the region).

Get in

The road to Tel Aviv is always full of traffic jams. Buses from Tel Aviv: #50 and #51 from Central Bus Station, #82 and #66 from the Carmel Market Terminal, and #49 from Tel Aviv University. Minivan shuttles run along routes 51 and 66 and enter Petah Tikva from the Jabotinski road (via Ramat Gan and Bnei Brak) seven days a week, Saturdays included and all night long (but less frequent) for 9.50 NIS a ride.

  • There is a small petting zoo.
  • There is a small museum for human anatomy with a mini annex for "modern art".


If you like the sounds, smells, colors and athmosphere of a tumultuous city market, then the Petach Tikva City Market (Petach Tikva Shouk) is an extrimely colorful market which would perfectly fit you. Located in the city center and has every imaginable food and vegetable grown this part of the world. Look for figs, passion fruit and other exotic items, all fresh, colorful and tasty, 6 days a week, except Sat.

On the eastern side of the city is a huge Park "Afek" (commonly called "Antipatris") with an ancient medieval crusaders fortress still standing. One mile north is a "Baptist village" where the Yarkon river starts and has some peaceful trails around. The Israel Baseball League plays there.

For other trails around you can contact the Yarkon Field School ("Beit Sefer Sadeh Yarkon", Tel. 03-9301112) which is incharge of the trail marking of this region.

There is a dilapidated football stadium accommodating the City's two national-league football clubs "Hapoel" and "Macabee". Adjacent to the stadium, you can find "Sportan" a large and beautiful sports and country club with swimming pools, tennis Courts, sauna, gym and yoga/pilates classes. You can tan on the sprawling lawn (daily pass 60 NIS). A very good gym for the body conscious is "SHAPE" at Avnat mall (basement). Across from the mall, go bowling!

Other than shopping at Avnat, you can beautify yourself at the plastic surgery clinic "Ariel" (also at Avnat basement). With so many hospitals in town (including psychiatric facility "GEHA"), no wonder Petach Tikva is the mecca of liposuction and nose jobs.


There are two shopping malls (Avnat and Sirkin).


Like elsewhere in Israel, restaurants that serve kosher food should have a Kashrut certificate issued by the chief Rabbi of the city. If you are seeking authentic Jewish cuisine that has been prepared in accordance with the Kashrut laws, you should seek out an an appropriately certified eatery.

  • Paprika, next to the City football stadium (and close to Sportan). The only decent 24/7 restaurant in town. An Israeli improved version of an American Diner, with excellent international food, and they also deliver.
  • Uzbekistan, Slor Street (next to the City's fresh produce market). An authentic folkloristic gastro-experience (non-kosher; menus available in Russian too). Try filet mignon on a skewer with Kavkaz-mountain spices for 15 Shekels.
  • Pizza USA, in front of the city hall on the Chaim Ozer (חיים עוזר) St. is a modest local pizza place which has become, through the years, a kind of famous local institue, because of the unique and delicious taste and texture of its pizzas.
  • Shwarma, there are many great stands at the center of the town, and they are all great tasting, if you ever visit Petah Tikva you have to visit one of the quiosks and enjoy the taste of israel.


This is a quiet town. There is no rowdy nightlife, to speak of. There are never the less a bar, two cafe/bars (Once near the Osem factory in the Western Industrial zone and one in Segula/Eastern Ind. Zone), a club and a pool/bowling place (behind the large shopping mall in the western industrial zone) all located in the various industrial zones. The bar is called 'Infinity' (Zvi Bergman st., Segula) which has mainly ex-CIS punters and also serves good food. The club is called Chatzriff (also in Segula)and is mostly Eastern Jewish.


There is an HI Hostel & guest house hidden away at Yad Labanim park.

This article is an outline and needs more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!


Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address