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Yellow-bellied Glider[1]
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Infraclass: Marsupialia
Order: Diprotodontia
Family: Petauridae
Genus: Petaurus
Species: P. australis
Binomial name
Petaurus australis
Shaw, 1791

The Yellow-bellied Glider (Petaurus australis), also known as the Fluffy Glider, is a marsupial about the size of a rabbit. It typically has a grey-brown back and is off-white to orange underneath, with large pointed ears and a long tail.[3]

The Yellow-bellied Glider is the largest species of Petaurus, the wrist-winged gliders, a group of arboreal marsupials, and can glide up to 150 metres.[4]

It is similar in appearance to the Mahogany Glider, although slightly larger in size. It is also similar in appearance to the Greater Glider, a species that is more closely related to the Lemur-like Ringtail Possum than to the other members of the Petaurus genus.[5]

The Yellow-bellied Glider is gregarious and spends the day in a leaf-lined tree hole, which is usually shared with other members of the same species.

Although the Yellow-bellied Glider has a narrow range down eastern Australia, reaching from northern Queensland to Victoria, its status is classified as uncommon to rare, and it is vulnerable in the topics.

The Yellow-belled Glider's diet consists of nectar, honeydew, insects, pollen and Eucalyptus sap (which is obtained by the Yellow-bellied Glider biting a 'V' shape wedge into the bark to promote the flow of gum and sap).[6]

Breeding occurs in spring in the south, but throughout the year in the north.

There are two subspecies:

  • P. a. australis in the south (which is locally common)
  • P. a. reginae in northern Queensland (which is rare and threatened with logging)

Conservation

The two primary threats to the species are barbed-wire fences and logging, specifically felling of old nest trees. [7] It is currently listed as a species of "Least Concern" because it has a wide distribution, including several protected areas. While it is a rare species, there is a presumed large population which is unlikely to be decreasing at a rate that would threaten the species under the criteria for current categories. [2]gyes

References

  1. ^ Groves, C. (2005). Wilson, D. E., & Reeder, D. M.. ed. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 54-55. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. http://www.bucknell.edu/msw3.  
  2. ^ a b Menkhorst, P., Winter, J., Elis, M., Denny, M., Burnett, S. & Lunney, D. (2008). Petaurus australis. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 28 December 2008.
  3. ^ Cronin, Leonard and Westmacott, Marion (illustrator) (1991). Key Guide to Australian Mammals. Reed Books Pty. Ltd.. pp. 64–65. ISBN 0-7301-0355-2.  
  4. ^ Jones, Cath & Parish, Steve. Field Guide to Australian Mammals. Steve Parish Publishing Pty. Ltd.. pp. 86, 88. ISBN 1-74021-743-8.  
  5. ^ Menkhorst, Peter and Knight, Frank (2001). A Field Guide to the Mammals of Australia. Oxford University Press. pp. 94–95. ISBN 0-19-550870-X.  
  6. ^ Strahan, Ronald (1995). A Photographic Guide to Mammals of Australia. The Australian Museum, New Holland (Publishers) Ltd.. p. 58. ISBN 1-85368-583-6.  
  7. ^ Ryan, Michelle (General Editor), and Burwell, Chris (Scientific Editor), ed. Wildlife of Tropical North Queensland. Queensland Museum. p. 338. ISBN 0-7242-9349-3.  

External links

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Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Petaurus australis

Taxonavigation

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Mammalia
Subclassis: Theria
Infraclassis: Marsupialia
Ordo: Diprotodontia
Subordo: Phalangeriformes
Superfamilia: Petauroidea
Familia: Petauridae
Genus: Petaurus
Species: Petaurus australis
Subspecies: P. a. australis - P. a. reginae

Name

Petaurus australis Shaw, 1791

Type locality: Australia, New South Wales, Sydney

References

  • Petaurus australis on Mammal Species of the World.
    Don E. Wilson & DeeAnn M. Reeder (editors). 2005. Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed).
  • Nat. Misc., 2, pl. 6.
  • Mammal Species of the World, A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd edition, 2005 ISBN 0801882214
  • IUCN link: Petaurus australis Shaw, 1791 (Least Concern)

Vernacular names

English: Yellow-bellied Glider
Français: Phalanger du Sud
Polski: Lotopałanka

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