Peter Carington, 6th Baron Carrington: Wikis

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The Right Honourable
 The Lord Carrington 
KG GCMG CH MC PC DL


In office
25 June 1984 – 1 July 1988
Preceded by Joseph Luns
Succeeded by Manfred Wörner

In office
4 May 1979 – 5 April 1982
Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
Preceded by David Owen
Succeeded by Francis Pym

In office
8 January – 4 March 1974
Prime Minister Edward Heath
Preceded by Position created
Succeeded by Eric Varley

In office
20 June 1970 – 8 January 1974
Prime Minister Edward Heath
Preceded by Denis Healey
Succeeded by Sir Ian Gilmour, Bt.

In office
20 October 1963 – 16 October 1964
Prime Minister Sir Alec Douglas-Home
Preceded by The Viscount Hailsham
Succeeded by The Earl of Longford

In office
20 October 1963 – 16 October 1964
Prime Minister Sir Alec Douglas-Home
Preceded by W.F. Deedes
Succeeded by Vacant
Position was next held by George Morgan Thomson in 1968

In office
14 October 1959 – 20 October 1963
Preceded by The Earl of Selkirk
Succeeded by The Earl Jellicoe

Born 6 June 1919 (1919-06-06) (age 90)
Buckinghamshire, England
Nationality British
Political party Conservative
Spouse(s) Iona Maclean
Alma mater Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst

Peter Alexander Rupert Carington, 6th Baron Carrington and Baron Carington of Upton, KG, GCMG, CH, MC, PC, DL (born 6 June 1919) is a British Conservative politician. He served as British Foreign Secretary between 1979 and 1982 and as the sixth Secretary General of NATO from 1984 to 1988. He is the last person to have held one of the four Great Offices of State while a peer. He is also the last surviving member of the Cabinet of Alec Douglas Home.

Contents

Career

Carrington was educated at Eton, and RMA Sandhurst.

In 1938, Carrington succeeded his father as 6th Baron Carrington and took his seat in the House of Lords on his 21st birthday in 1940. Following Sandhurst, he was commissioned into the Grenadier Guards as a second lieutenant on 26 January 1939.[1] He served with the regiment during the Second World War, he was promoted lieutenant on 1 January 1941,[2] and later rose to the rank of temporary captain and acting major, and was awarded the Military Cross (MC) on 1 March 1945.[3] The MC was awarded for his part in the capture and holding of a vital bridge in Nijmegen.[4]

After the war Lord Carrington remained in the army until 1949, though he was on the unemployed list from October 1945,[5] he became involved in politics and served in the Conservative governments of Winston Churchill and Anthony Eden as Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry for Agriculture and Food from November 1951 to October 1954 and to the Ministry of Defence from October 1954 to October 1956. The latter year Carrington was appointed High Commissioner to Australia, a post he held until October 1959. He was also appointed a Deputy Lieutenant of Buckinghamshire on 2 July 1951.[6]

After his return to Britain he served under Harold Macmillan as First Lord of the Admiralty until October 1963,[7] and was then Minister without Portfolio and Leader of the House of Lords under Sir Alec Douglas-Home until October 1964, when the Conservatives fell from power. From 1964 to 1970 he was Leader of the Opposition in the House of Lords. When the Conservatives returned to power in 1970 under Edward Heath, Carrington became Defence Secretary, where he remained until 1974. He also served as Chairman of the Conservative Party from 1972 to 1974, and was briefly Secretary of State for Energy from January to March 1974.

A stone set by Lord Carrington while High Commissioner to Australia, at the All Saints Church, Canberra

Lord Carrington was again Leader of the Opposition in the House of Lords from 1974 to 1979. In 1979 he was made Foreign Secretary and Minister for Overseas Development as part of the first Cabinet of Margaret Thatcher. He chaired the Lancaster House conference in 1979, a wrapup of Zimbabwe's revolutionary war attended by Ian Smith, Abel Muzorewa, Robert Mugabe, Joshua Nkomo, Josiah Tongogara that paved the way for second elections in February, 1980. He was Foreign Secretary in 1982 when the Falkland Islands were invaded by Argentina. He took full responsibility for the complacency and failures in the Foreign and Commonwealth Office to foresee this development and resigned. Lord Carrington then served as Secretary General of NATO from 1984 to 1988. He was also appointed Chancellor of the Order of St Michael and St George on 1 August 1984.[8]

In 1991, Lord Carrington presided over diplomatic talks about the breakup of the Former Yugoslavia and attempted to pass a plan that would end the wars and result in each republic becoming an independent nation.

Apart from his political posts he was the Chancellor of the University of Reading and has served as chairman of several companies, including Christie's, and as a director of many others, including Barclays Bank, Schweppes and the Daily Telegraph. He also chaired the Bilderberg conferences for several years in the late 1990s, being succeeded in 1999 by Étienne Davignon.[9] In 1983 he became president of the Pilgrims Society.[10] He relinquished the Chancellorship of the Order of St Michael and St George on 7 June 1994,[11] and was appointed Chancellor of the Order of the Garter on 8 November 1994.[12]

After the House of Lords Act 1999 removed the automatic right of hereditary peers to sit in the House of Lords, Carrington (along with all former Leaders of the House of Lords) was given a life peerage on 17 November 1999 as Baron Carington of Upton, of Upton in the County of Nottinghamshire,[13] and therefore still sits in the House of Lords. He is currently the longest serving member of the House of Lords and is the second longest serving member of the Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council after the HRH The Duke of Edinburgh.

His surname (which the family assumed in 1839 in lieu of Smith) and life peerage are both spelt Carington (single "r"), and the hereditary peerages are spelt Baron Carrington (double "r").[13]

Honours

Honorary degrees

Styles

Lord Carrington, as Chancellor of the Order of the Garter, in procession to St George's Chapel at Windsor Castle in 2006
  • Master Peter Carington (1919-1929)
  • The Hon. Peter Carington (1929-1938)
  • The Lord Carrington (1938-1945)
  • The Lord Carrington MC (1945-1951)
  • The Lord Carrington MC DL (1951-1958)
  • The Lord Carrington KCMG MC DL (1958-1959)
  • The Lord Carrington KCMG MC PC DL (1959-1983)
  • The Lord Carrington KCMG CH MC PC DL (1983-1985)
  • The Lord Carrington KG KCMG CH MC PC DL (1985-1988)
  • The Lord Carrington KG GCMG CH MC PC DL (1988-

Family

Lord Carrington married Iona McClean, daughter of Lt.-Colonel Sir Francis Kennedy McClean, on 25 April 1942. They have three children:

  • The Hon. Alexandra Carington DL (Norfolk) (1943-); married Major Peter de Bunsen in 1965, becoming The Hon. Mrs de Bunsen. They have three children:
  • Victoria de Bunsen (1968-)
  • Charles Rupert de Bunsen (1970-)
  • James Peter de Bunsen (1973-)
  • The Hon. Virginia Carington (1946-); married Henry Cubitt, 4th Baron Ashcombe in 1973, becoming Lady Ashcombe. The couple divorced in 1979
  • The Hon. Rupert Francis John Carington DL (Buckinghamshire) (1948-) - heir apparent; married Daniela Diotallevi in 1989. She became The Hon. Mrs Rupert Carington. They have three children:
  • Robert Carington (1990-)
  • Francesca Carington (1993-)
  • Isabella Iona Carington (1995-)

Lord Carrington's wife, Lady Carrington, died on 7 June 2009.[25]

In popular culture

NATO secretary Carington with German minister of the exterior Genscher in 1984

Carington was portrayed by Rowan Atkinson on Not the Nine O'Clock News in a parody of Question Time, in which Lord Carington was portrayed as pedantically discussing an imminent nuclear holocaust.

Carington was portrayed by James Fox in the 2002 BBC production of Ian Curteis's The Falklands Play.

Carington was referenced on the 6th series of Peep Show (2009) in a list of imagined dog names by Mark.

Notes

  1. ^ London Gazette: no. 34593, p. 608, 27 January 1939. Retrieved on 2008-12-03.
  2. ^ London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 35077, p. 954, 14 February 1941. Retrieved on 2008-12-03.
  3. ^ London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 36961, pp. 1173–1175, 14 February 1941. Retrieved on 2008-12-03.
  4. ^ "Recommendations for Honours and Awards (Army)—Image details—Carrington, Lord, Peter Alexander Rupert" (fee may be required to view full pdf of original recommendation). DocumentsOnline. The National Archives. http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/documentsonline/details-result.asp?Edoc_Id=7667641. Retrieved 2008-12-03. 
  5. ^ London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 37815, p. 2877, 10 December 1946. Retrieved on 2008-12-03.
    London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 38636, p. 2877, 10 June 1949. Retrieved on 2008-12-03.
    London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 38654, p. 3231, 1 July 1949. Retrieved on 2008-12-03.
  6. ^ London Gazette: no. 39278, p. 3687, 6 July 1951. Retrieved on 2008-12-03.
  7. ^ London Gazette: no. 41860, p. 6942, 3 November 1959. Retrieved on 2008-12-03.
    London Gazette: no. 41891, p. 7851, 11 December 1959. Retrieved on 2008-12-03.
    London Gazette: no. 41966, p. 1451, 26 February 1960. Retrieved on 2008-12-03.
    London Gazette: no. 42044, p. 3736, 27 May 1960. Retrieved on 2008-12-03.
    London Gazette: no. 42249, p. 263, 13 January 1961. Retrieved on 2008-12-03.
    London Gazette: no. 42321, p. 2546, 7 April 1961. Retrieved on 2008-12-03.
    London Gazette: no. 42476, p. 7055, 29 September 1961. Retrieved on 2008-12-03.
    London Gazette: no. 42504, p. 7931, 3 November 1961. Retrieved on 2008-12-03.
    London Gazette: no. 42564, p. 145, 5 January 1962. Retrieved on 2008-12-03.
    London Gazette: no. 42909, p. 980, 1 February 1963. Retrieved on 2008-12-03.
    London Gazette: no. 42925, p. 1619, 19 February 1963. Retrieved on 2008-12-03.
    London Gazette: no. 42995, p. 4217, 17 May 1963. Retrieved on 2008-12-03.
    London Gazette: no. 43077, p. 6683, 9 August 1963. Retrieved on 2008-12-03.
  8. ^ a b London Gazette: no. 49826, p. 10601, 3 August 1984. Retrieved on 2008-12-03.
  9. ^ Rockefeller, David (2002). Memoirs. Random House. pp. 412. ISBN 0-679-40588-7. 
  10. ^ Who's Who. 1999. 
  11. ^ a b London Gazette: no. 53691, p. 8301, 7 June 1994. Retrieved on 2008-12-03.
  12. ^ a b London Gazette: no. 53843, p. 15625, 8 November 1994. Retrieved on 2008-12-03.
  13. ^ a b c London Gazette: no. 55676, p. 12466, 23 November 1999. Retrieved on 2008-12-03.
  14. ^ London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 41404, p. 3514, 3 June 1958. Retrieved on 2008-12-03.
  15. ^ London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 49375, p. 19, 10 June 1983. Retrieved on 2008-12-03.
  16. ^ London Gazette: no. 50104, p. 5844, 26 April 1985. Retrieved on 2008-12-03.
  17. ^ London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 51365, p. 3, 10 June 1988. Retrieved on 2008-12-03.
  18. ^ http://www.essex.ac.uk/academic/docs/cal/former.shtm#grad
  19. ^ http://www.rdg.ac.uk/about/people/about-carrington.asp
  20. ^ http://www.rdg.ac.uk/about/about-honorary.asp
  21. ^ http://www.commencement.harvard.edu/background/hon_deg.html
  22. ^ http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/registrar/honorary-degrees/hon-deg-list-july08.pdf
  23. ^ http://www.ncl.ac.uk/alumni/involved/strategic/convocation/archive/minutes99.html
  24. ^ http://www.admin.ox.ac.uk/po/news/2003-04/nov/21.shtml
  25. ^ http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/obituaries/politics-obituaries/5626228/Lady-Carrington.html

Bibliography

  • Reflect on Things Past - The Memoirs of Lord Carrington. Published by William Collins, 1988.

External links

Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
("Unknown")
British High Commissioner to Australia
1956 – 1959
Succeeded by
("Unknown")
Political offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Selkirk
First Lord of the Admiralty
1959 – 1963
Succeeded by
The Earl Jellicoe
Preceded by
William Francis Deedes
Minister without Portfolio
1963 – 1964
Vacant
Title next held by
George Morgan Thomson
Preceded by
The Viscount Hailsham
Leader of the House of Lords
1963 – 1964
Succeeded by
The Earl of Longford
Preceded by
Denis Healey
Secretary of State for Defence
1970 – 1974
Succeeded by
Ian Gilmour
New title Secretary of State for Energy
1974
Succeeded by
Eric Varley
Preceded by
David Owen
Foreign Secretary
1979 – 1982
Succeeded by
Francis Pym
Party political offices
Preceded by
The Viscount Hailsham
Leader of the Conservative Party in the House of Lords
1963 - 1970
Succeeded by
The Earl Jellicoe
Preceded by
Peter Thomas
Chairman of the Conservative Party
1972 – 1974
Succeeded by
William Whitelaw
Preceded by
The Lord Windlesham
Leader of the Conservative Party in the House of Lords
1974 - 1979
Succeeded by
The Lord Soames
Academic offices
Preceded by
The Lord Sherfield
Chancellor of the University of Reading
1992 – 2007
Succeeded by
John Madejski
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Marquess of Abergavenny
Chancellor of the Order of the Garter
1994 – present
Incumbent
Preceded by
The Earl Jellicoe
Father of the House of Lords
2007 – present
Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by
Rupert Carington
Baron Carrington
2nd creation
1938 – present
Incumbent
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
Rupert Carington
Baron Carrington
3rd creation
1938 – present
Member of the House of Lords
(1940–present)
Incumbent
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