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United States
Enns portrait.jpg
Name: Peter Enns
Birth: January 02, 1961
School/tradition: Calvinist, Reformed
Main interests: Old testament, Wisdom literature, Hermeneutics

Peter Eric Enns (b. January 2, 1961) is a Reformed Evangelical Christian and a biblical scholar.



Enns was formerly a professor of Old Testament and hermeneutics at Westminster Theological Seminary in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He holds a B.A. in behavioral science from Messiah College (1982), an M.Div. from Westminster Theological Seminary (1989), and an M.A. (1993) and Ph.D. (1994) from Harvard University. Enns is a member of the Society of Biblical Literature, the Institute for Biblical Research, and the Evangelical Theological Society. He is a ruling elder in the Presbyterian Church in America.

Enns's academic interests include Old Testament theology, Biblical Theology, Wisdom Literature (especially Ecclesiastes), the New Testament use of the Old Testament, Second Temple literature, and the general issue of how the historical context of the Bible affects how we understand the nature of Scripture within Reformed and Evangelical commitments.[1] He has written many articles, essays, dictionary and encyclopedia entries, and book reviews on varied topics surrounding the Old Testament and its interpretation. He has also taught courses at Princeton Theological Seminary, Harvard University, and Biblical Theological Seminary.


Enns's book, Inspiration and Incarnation: Evangelicals and the Problem of the Old Testament, has proved controversial. WTS President Peter Lillback expressed that it "has caught the attention of the world so that we have scholars that love this book, and scholars who have criticized it very deeply…. We have students who have read it say it has liberated them. We have other students that say it's crushing their faith and removing them from their hope. We have churches that are considering it, and two Presbyteries have said they will not send students to study under Professor Enns here."[2]

On March 26, 2008, the board of trustees at Westminster Theological Seminary voted 18–9 to suspend Enns from his position effective May 23, 2008.[3] Though the faculty voted 12–8 that the work falls within the parameters of the Westminster Confession of Faith,[3] the chairman of the board said that they felt the book was incompatible with the Confession.[2] As of August 1, 2008, Enns and the seminary have agreed to part ways.[4]

Selected works



  • Baker Bible Dictionary (Co-editor with Tremper Longman and Mark L. Strauss; Grand Rapids: Baker, forthcoming 2008/9)
  • Three Views on the New Testament’s Use of the Old Testament (Co-written with Walter Kaiser and Darrell Bock; Grand Rapids: Zondervan, forthcoming 2008) ISBN 9780310273332
  • Dictionary of the Old Testament: Wisdom, Poetry, and Writings (Co-editor with Tremper Longman; Downers Grove, IL: IVP, 2008) ISBN 9780830817832
  • Ecclesiastes (Two Horizons Commentary Series; Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, forthcoming 2009)
  • Invitation to Genesis (Disciple Bible Study; Nashville: Abingdon Press, 2006) ISBN 9780687494927
  • Inspiration and Incarnation: Evangelicals and the Problem of the Old Testament (Grand Rapids: Baker, 2005) ISBN 9780801027307
  • Exodus (NIV Application Commentary; Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2000) ISBN 9780340756607
  • Exodus Retold: Ancient Exegesis of the Departure from Egypt in Wis 10:15-21 and 19:1-9 (Harvard Semitic Museum Monographs 57; Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1997) ISBN 9780788504037
  • Poetry and Wisdom (IBR Bibliographies. Grand Rapids: Baker, 1997) ISBN 9780801021619

Articles and essays


  1. ^ Peter Enns, "About Peter Enns", A Time to Tear Down - A Time to Build Up.
  2. ^ a b Sarah Pulliam (4/01/2008). "Westminster Theological Suspension". Christianity Today. Retrieved 2008-05-07.  
  3. ^ a b "A Message from the Board of Trustees". Westminster Theological Seminary. March 29, 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-07.  
  4. ^ "Joint Statement by WTS and Professor Enns". July 23, 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-23.  

External links


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