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Peter Högl (19 August 1897 – 2 May 1945) was a German officer holding the rank of SS-Obersturmbannführer (Lieutenant Colonel) who spent time in the Führerbunker in Berlin at the end of World War II.

Contents

Early life and career

Högl was born near Dingolfing in Bavaria. After he left school he worked as a miller in Landshut until he joined the 16th Bavarian Infantry Regiment in 1916; there, he then saw active service in World War I and reached the rank of Unteroffizier. He left the army in 1919 and joined the Bavarian police, transferring to the criminal police in 1932.[1]

Nazi career

He joined the SS and became a member of Adolf Hitler's bodyguard in 1933 and attained the rank of SS-Obersturmführer (First Lieutenant) in 1934. From April 1935 he became the deputy to Johann Rattenhuber in the Reichssicherheitsdienst (Reich Security Service-RSD) and was appointed chief of the department responsible for the personal protection of Hitler. In this capacity he was posted to the Obersalzberg, Munich and Berlin.[1] He was in Berlin from November 1944 as the Criminal Director and later spent time in the Führerbunker located below the Reich Chancellery in central Berlin.

Capture of Hermann Fegelein

On 28 April 1945, it was discovered that Heinrich Himmler was trying to negotiate a backdoor surrender to the Western Allies via Count Folke Bernadotte of Sweden. Högl was sent to find Himmler's liaison man in Berlin, SS Gruppenführer (Lieutenant General) Hermann Fegelein who had left the bunker. Högl caught Fegelein at his apartment apparently preparing to flee Berlin with his Hungarian mistress to Sweden or Switzerland. Fegelein had cash and forged passports and was wearing civilian clothes. Fegelein, by that time was Eva Braun's brother-in-law. A military tribunal was ordered by Hitler to court-martial Fegelein. General Wilhelm Mohnke presided over the tribunal which, in addition to General Johann Rattenhuber, included Generals Hans Krebs and Wilhelm Burgdorf. Hitler thereafter condemned Fegelein to death.

Death

After Hitler's death, Högl helped to carry his body up from the bunker to the garden, witnessed his cremation and then joined the break-out from the Reich Chancellery. He was wounded in the head while on the Weidendammer Bridge and died of his injuries aged 47 on 2 May 1945.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c Anton Joachimstaler (1999). The Last Days of Hitler: the Legends, the Evidence, the Truth. Arms & Armour Press. ISBN 1-86019-902-X.  
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