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Peter II
King of Portugal and the Algarves
and of either side of the sea in Africa, Lord of Guinea and of Conquest, Navigation and Commerce of Ethiopia, Arabia, Persia and India, etc.
Reign November 6, 1683—December 9, 1706
Acclamation November 15, 1657 in Lisbon
Predecessor Afonso VI
Heir
son
John V
Consort Maria Francisca of Nemours
Maria Sofia of the Palatinate
House House of Braganza
Father John IV
Mother Luisa of Medina-Sidonia
Born April 26, 1648
Ribeira Palace, Lisbon, Kingdom of Portugal
Died December 9, 1706[aged 58]
Royal Palace of Cintra, Cintra, Kingdom of Portugal
Burial Dynasty of Braganza Royal Pantheon, Monastery of São Vicente de Fora, Lisbon,District of Lisbon, Portugal
Harquebus Armor of Pedro II, King of Portugal, ca. 1683. Attributed to Richard Holden (recorded 1658–1708); English (London); Steel, engraved, blued, and gilded [1]

Peter II (Portuguese Pedro, (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈpedɾu]), the Pacific (Port. o Pacífico) (April 26, 1648 – December 9, 1706), Regent (1668–1683) and 23rd (or 24th according to some historians) King of Portugal and the Algarves (1683–1706).

The youngest son of João IV and being created Duke of Beja, he was appointed regent for his insane brother, Afonso VI, in 1668, shortly after Spanish recognition of Portugal's independence. Peter first locked his brother away, but came to the throne in his own right after Afonso's death in 1683. Around this time, the discovery of silver mines in Brazil enlarged Peter's treasury to the extent that he was able to dismiss the Cortes in 1697 and rule without its revenue grants for the rest of his reign.

Initially Peter supported France in the War of Spanish Succession (1702 - 1715), but on May 16, 1703, Portugal and Britain signed the famous Methuen Treaty. This trade accord granted mutual commercial privileges for Portuguese wine and English textile traders and would later give Britain huge clout in the Portuguese economy. This was followed in December 1703 by a military alliance between Portugal, Austria and Great Britain for an invasion of Spain. Portuguese and Allied forces, under the command of the Marquês das Minas, captured Madrid in 1706, during the campaign which ended in the Allied defeat at Almansa.

Peter not only inherited his brother's throne but also married his wife, Queen Marie-Françoise of Savoy (1646 +1683). They had one daughter, Princess Isabella Louise (1669-90), princess of Beira and heiress-presumptive, a.k.a "a Sempre-Noiva" (the ever-engaged), because of the many marriage projects intended for her that were never completed. The Queen, apparently incapable of birthing more offspring, died as late as in 1683, 14 years after Isabella's birth, and because the Princess was a fragile and sick child, the King decided to marry again.

The chosen bride was Maria Sophia (1666-1699), daughter of Phillip William of Neuburg. Among Sophia's sisters were Eleonor Madeleine, wife of Leopold I of Austria and Maria Anna, second wife of Charles II of Spain.

This marriage was concluded, and the couple had six children, including the new viable heir to the throne, the younger John, who eventually succeeded his father, after his death in 1706, as King John V of Portugal.

Ancestry

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
John I, Duke of Braganza
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Teodósio II, Duke of Braganza
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Infanta Catarina, Duchess of Braganza
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
John IV of Portugal
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Juan Fernández de Velasco, Duke of Frias
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ana de Velasco y Girón
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ana Ángela de Aragón y Guzmán
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Peter II of Portugal
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Alonso de Guzmán El Bueno, Duke of Medina-Sidonia
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Juan Manuel de Guzmán El Bueno, Duke of Medina-Sidonia
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ana de Sylva y Mendoza
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Luisa de Guzmán
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Francisco Goméz de Sandoval y Rojas, Duke of Lerma
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Juana Lourença Gómez de Sandoval y la Cerda
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Catarina de Lacerda
 
 
 
 
 
 

Marriages and descendants

Peter married first to his sister-in-law Marie-Françoise of Savoy in 1666 who gave him a daughter. He married again in 1687, this time to Maria Sophia of Neuburg and she gave him several children. Outside his marriages Peter had 3 illegitimate children.

Name Birth Death Notes
By Marie-Françoise of Savoy (1646-1683; married in 2 April 1668)
Princess Isabel Luísa January 6, 1669 October 21, 1690 2nd Princess of Beira 
By Maria Sophia of Neuburg (August 6, 1666-August 4, 1699; married in 1687)
Prince John August 30, 1688 September 17, 1688 Prince of Brazil and 12th Duke of Braganza.
John V October 22, 1689 July 31, 1750 Prince of Brazil from 1697. Succeeded him as 24th (or 25th according to some historians) King of Portugal.
Infante Francisco May 25, 1691 July 21, 1742 Duke of Beja.
Infante António March 15, 1695 October 20, 1757  
Infanta Francisca Xaviera 1694 1694  
Infanta Teresa Maria February 24, 1696 February 16, 1704  
Infante Manuel August 3, 1697 August 3, 1736  
Infanta Francisca Josefa January 30, 1699 July 15, 1736  
By Maria da Cruz Mascarenhas (c. 1655-?)
Luísa de Portugal January 9, 1679 December 23, 1732 Natural daughter. Duchess of Cadaval through marriage first to Luís Ambrósio de Melo, 2nd Duke of Cadaval and then to Jaime Álvares Pereira de Melo, 3rd Duke of Cadaval.
By Ana Armanda du Verger (c. 1660-?)
Miguel de Bragança October 15, 1699 January 13, 1724 Natural son.
By Francisca Clara da Silva (c. 1650-?)
José de Portugal May 6, 1703 June 3, 1756 Natural son. Archbishop of Braga.
Peter II of Portugal
Cadet branch of the House of Aviz
Born: 26 April 1648 Died: 9 December 1706
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Afonso VI
King of Portugal and the Algarves
1683 – 1706
Succeeded by
John V
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