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Peter V of Portugal: Wikis

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Peter V
King of Portugal
Reign 15 November 1853—11 November 1861
Predecessor Maria II and Ferdinand II
Successor Louis
Spouse Stephanie of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
Full name
Portuguese: Pedro de Alcântara Maria Fernando Miguel Rafael Gonzaga Xavier João António Leopoldo Vítor Francisco de Assis Júlio Amélio de Saxe-Coburgo-Gotha e Bragança
House House of Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Father Ferdinand II of Portugal
Mother Maria II of Portugal
Born 16 September 1837
Palace of Necessidades, Lisbon, Kingdom of Portugal
Died 11 November 1861[aged 24]
Palace of Necessidades, Lisbon, Kingdom of Portugal
Burial Panteão Real da Dinastia de Bragança, Monastery of São Vicente de Fora, Lisbon, Kingdom of Portugal

Peter V (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈpedɾu]; English: Peter; Pedro de Alcântara Maria Fernando Miguel Rafael Gonzaga Xavier João António Leopoldo Vítor Francisco de Assis Júlio Amélio de Saxe-Coburgo-Gotha e Bragança), the Hopeful (Port. o Esperançoso) (16 September 1837 in Lisbon – 11 November 1861 in Lisbon) was the 31st (or 32nd according to some historians) King of Portugal from 1853 to 1861.

Contents

Biography

Statue of Peter V of Portugal

He was the eldest son of Queen Maria II and her jure uxoris co-monarch Ferdinand II and was born after his mother's accession. As heir apparent to the throne he was styled Príncipe Real (Prince Royal), and was also the 19th Duke of Braganza.

Peter was a conscientious and hard-working monarch who, under the guidance of his father, sought radical modernisation of the Portuguese state and infrastructure. Under his reign, roads, telegraphs, and railways were constructed and improvements in public health advanced. For this he was greatly loved and his popularity further increased when, during the great cholera outbreak he visited hospitals handing out gifts and talking and comforting the sick.

However, this was unable to save the life of the young king who died (along with his brother Ferdinand and other royal family members) of cholera in 1861. He was much loved and his death was deemed so unnatural that there were actually revolts when he died.

Marriage

Peter married Princess Stephanie of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, eldest daughter of Charles Anthony, Prince of Hohenzollern and his wife Princess Josephine of Baden, on 18 May 1858 in Lisbon. Peter and Stephanie had no children and therefore the Portuguese throne passed to Peter younger brother Louis.

Titles, styles, honours and arms

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Titles and styles

  • 16 September 1837 – 15 November 1853: His Royal Highness The Prince Royal, Duke of Braganza
  • 15 November 1853 – 11 November 1861: His Majesty The King of Portugal and the Algarves

Other titles

Flag of Peter V of Portugal

Honours

Ancestors

Peter V of Portugal
Cadet branch of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Born: 16 September 1837 Died: 11 November 1861
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Maria II and Ferdinand II
King of Portugal
1853 – 1861
Succeeded by
Louis

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