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Peter of Luxembourg (1390-31 August 1433) was a son of John, Lord of Beauvoir and his wife Marguerite of Enghien. His inheritance included the counties of Brienne, Conversano and Saint-Pol.

Contents

Family

Peter had succeeded his father John, Lord of Beauvoir and mother Marguerite of Enghien. They had co-reigned as Count and Countess of Brienne from 1394 to her death in 1397.

John was a fourth-generation descendant of Waleran I of Luxembourg, Lord of Ligny, second son of Henry V of Luxembourg and Margaret of Bar. This cadet line of the House of Luxembourg reigned in Ligny-en-Barrois. This made Peter a distant cousin to John of Luxembourg, father of Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor and Bonne, Duchess of Normany and Aquitaine.

Peter was a sixth-generation descendant of John II, Duke of Brittany and his wife Beatrice of England, through their daughter, Mary.[1]

Beatrice was a daughter of Henry III of England and his wife Eleanor of Provence.

Henry was son of John of England and his second wife Isabella of Angoulême.

Life

Peter succeeded his aunt Jeanne of Luxembourg, Countess of Saint-Pol and Ligny, as Count of Saint-Pol in 1430. His younger brother John II of Luxembourg, Count of Ligny, an ally of the English during the Hundred Years War, received Joan of Arc as his prisoner, and subsequently sold her to the English, for 10,000 livres.

On 8 May 1405, Peter married Margaret de Baux, daughter of Francesco del Balzo's third wife Sueva Orsini, a relation of Clarice Orsini (wife of Lorenzo de' Medici). Peter and Margaret had nine children:[2]

Death

The 14th and 15th centuries were well known for the Black Death, a deadly form of bubonic plague that eventually spread across the known world. Europe was badly hit by the pestilence, as a result of trading with countries with the plague; it soon grew to epidemic proportions, and would kill swiftly, and without discrimination as to gender, age or class. By the 1330s, the plague had hit Luxembourg, France, England and Spain. It caused the deaths of millions of people; and Peter was among the dead. He died in 1433, aged 43 years [3]. His wife died 36 years later.

Descendents

One of Peter's daughters, Jacquetta was mother of Elizabeth Woodville, queen of Edward IV of England. She was mother of Edward V of England, Richard of Shrewsbury, 1st Duke of York and Elizabeth of York. Her sons are known as the princes of the tower. This comes from when they were locked up by their uncle, Richard III of England and were supposedly murdered. Elizabeth of York married Henry VII of England, overthrowing Richard II and putting an end to the Wars of the Roses.

Elizabeth and Henry were parents to: Arthur, Prince of Wales, Margaret, Queen of Scotland, Mary, Queen of France and the most famous, Henry VIII of England.[4]

References

  1. ^ Ancestors of Pierre de Luxembourg
  2. ^ Charles Cawley, Medieval Lands, Champagne Nobility, Seigneurs de Ligny, de Roussy, et de La Roche, Comtes de Ligny
  3. ^ Pierre de Luxembourg
  4. ^ Descendants of Pierre de Luxembourg
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