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Petlad
Petlad
Location of Petlad
in Gujarat and India
Coordinates 22°28′N 72°48′E / 22.47°N 72.8°E / 22.47; 72.8
Country  India
State Gujarat
District(s) Anand
Population 51,153 (2001)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area
Elevation

30 m (98 ft)

Petlad is a Town and a municipality "Taluka" in Anand district in the Indian state of Gujarat.

Contents

Geography

Petlad is located at 22°28′N 72°48′E / 22.47°N 72.8°E / 22.47; 72.8[1]. It has an average elevation of 30 metres (98 feet).

Demographics

As of 2001 India census"Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. http://web.archive.org/web/20040616075334/http://www.censusindia.net/results/town.php?stad=A&state5=999. Retrieved 2008-11-01.  , Petlad had a population of 51,153. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Petlad has an average literacy rate of 74%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 79%, and female literacy is 67%. In Petlad, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age. Economy depends on farmers from surrounding villages.

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, the first Deputy Prime Minister of India, studied at the N. K. High School of Petlad. Renowned Hindu scholars, including Pramukh Swami of the Swaminarayan sect, and Shri Krishnashankar Shastri of the Bhagwat Vidyapith at Sola (Ahmedabad), studied at the Naranbhai Keshavlal Sanskrit Pathshala at Petlad.

The R. K. Parikh Arts & Science College at Petlad has been one of the oldest colleges in Gujarat. It is managed by the Petlad Education Trust, led by Haren Shah and Vrajesh Parikh, two leading entrepreneurs in Gujarat. The trust also manages a Commerce College and a College of Education. The college of education is arguably the best college of education in Gujarat, having produced a majority of the toppers in state-level examinations over the past decade and more.

Industry & Co-operative Movement

Petlad has been a major industrial contributor in the history of Gujarat.

The biggest industrialist boasts of, Naranbhai Keshavlal Parikh, set up the Petlad Turkey Red Dye Works Company, one of the biggest dye works in British India. He, with his brothers Chandulal and Ramanlal Parikh, launched the Keshav Mill and Rajratna Naranbhai Keshvalal Mill at Petlad. These three industries put Petlad on the global map of textiles, with exports to and offices in Europe, Latin America, and beyond. Naranbhai was a pioneer of the concept of institutionalized charity, wherein industries should contribute to the society directly like a tax before distributing profit as dividend to the share holders.

Petlad also has been home to a wide variety of industries including the Naranbhai Keshavlal Foundry, the Petlad Power Loom, and the Petlad Sugar Factory, all founded by Naranbhai's grandson, Manharlal Shah. Manharlal was a pioneer of the social revolution in Gujarat. He established several co-operative dairies, companies, banking institutions, housing societies, and more in Petlad. His creations, The Petlad Anyonya Sahakari Mandali, and Paraspar Sahakari Mandali, continue to thrive today.

References

  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Petlad
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