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Petra
The Treasury at Petra
The Treasury at Petra
Location: Ma'an Governorate, Jordan
Coordinates: 30°19′43″N 35°26′31″E / 30.32861°N 35.44194°E / 30.32861; 35.44194Coordinates: 30°19′43″N 35°26′31″E / 30.32861°N 35.44194°E / 30.32861; 35.44194
Elevation: 810m (2,700 ft)
Built: 1200 B.C. [1]
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Type: Cultural
Criteria: i, iii, iv
Designated: 1985 (9th session)
Reference #: 326
State Party:  Jordan
Region: Arab States
Petra is located in Jordan
Location of Petra in Jordan
Petra (Greek "πέτρα" (petra), meaning rock; Arabic: البتراء, Al-Batrāʾ) is a historic and archaeological city in the Jordanian governorate of Ma'an that has rock cut architecture and water conduits system. Established sometime around the 6th century BC as the capital city of the Nabataeans,[2] it is a symbol of Jordan as well as its most visited tourism attraction.[2] It lies on the slope of Mount Hor[3] in a basin among the mountains which form the eastern flank of Arabah (Wadi Araba), the large valley running from the Dead Sea to the Gulf of Aqaba. Petra was chosen as one of the New Seven Wonders of the World in 2007 and a World Heritage Site since 1985. Petra was chosen by the BBC as one of "the 40 places you have to see before you die".[4]
The site remained unknown to the Western world until 1812, when it was introduced by Swiss explorer Johann Ludwig Burckhardt. .It was described as "a rose-red city half as old as time" in a Newdigate Prize-winning sonnet by John William Burgon.^ I missed the beauty of the ancient red rose city.
  • Petra-Jordan Photo Gallery by Mansour Mouasher at pbase.com 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ancient Rose-Red City .
  • Petra-Jordan Photo Gallery by Mansour Mouasher at pbase.com 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

UNESCO has described it as "one of the most precious cultural properties of man's cultural heritage."[5]

Contents

Geography

Pliny the Elder and other writers identify Petra as the capital of the Nabataeans, Aramaic-speaking Semites, and the centre of their caravan trade. Enclosed by towering rocks and watered by a perennial stream, Petra not only possessed the advantages of a fortress, but controlled the main commercial routes which passed through it to Gaza in the west, to Bosra and Damascus in the north, to Aqaba and Leuce Come on the Red Sea, and across the desert to the Persian Gulf.
The end of the Siq, with its dramatic view of Al Khazneh ("The Treasury")
Excavations have demonstrated that it was the ability of the Nabataeans to control the water supply that led to the rise of the desert city, creating an artificial oasis. The area is visited by flash floods and archaeological evidence demonstrates the Nabataeans controlled these floods by the use of dams, cisterns and water conduits. These innovations stored water for prolonged periods of drought, and enabled the city to prosper from its sale.[6][7]
The Theatre
The narrow passage (Seeq) that takes you to Petra
Petra is known as the Rose-Red City for the color of the rocks in which Petra is carved
Although in ancient times Petra might have been approached from the south via Saudi Arabia on a track leading around Jabal Haroun ("Aaron's Mountain"), across the plain of Petra, or possibly from the high plateau to the north, most modern visitors approach the site from the east. The impressive eastern entrance leads steeply down through a dark, narrow gorge (in places only 3–4 m (9.8–13 ft) wide) called the Siq ("the shaft"), a natural geological feature formed from a deep split in the sandstone rocks and serving as a waterway flowing into Wadi Musa. At the end of the narrow gorge stands Petra's most elaborate ruin, Al Khazneh (popularly known as "the Treasury"), hewn into the sandstone cliff.
El Deir ("The Monastery")
A little further from the Treasury, at the foot of the mountain called en-Nejr, is a massive theatre, so placed as to bring the greatest number of tombs within view. At the point where the valley opens out into the plain, the site of the city is revealed with striking effect. The amphitheatre has been cut into the hillside and into several of the tombs during its construction. Rectangular gaps in the seating are still visible. Almost enclosing it on three sides are rose-colored mountain walls, divided into groups by deep fissures, and lined with knobs cut from the rock in the form of towers.

History

Evidence suggests that settlements had begun in and around Petra in the eighteenth dynasty of Egypt (1550-1292 BCE). It is listed in Egyptian campaign accounts and the Amarna letters as Pel, Sela or Seir. .Though the city was founded relatively late, a sanctuary existed there since very ancient times.^ Though in the bright light of the day one can imagine the city with its former inhabitants, but in the late afternoon it is an eerie place full of the ghosts of its many tombs.
  • Petra-Jordan Photo Gallery by Mansour Mouasher at pbase.com 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Stations 19 through 26 of the stations list of Exodus are places associated with Petra.[8] This part of the country was Biblically assigned to the Horites, the predecessors of the Edomites.[9] The habits of the original natives may have influenced the Nabataean custom of burying the dead and offering worship in half-excavated caves. Although Petra is usually identified with Sela which means a rock, the Biblical references[10] refer to it as "the cleft in the rock", referring to its entrance. 2 Kings xiv. 7 seems to be more specific. In the parallel passage, however, Sela is understood to mean simply "the rock" (2 Chr. xxv. 12, see LXX).
On the authority of Josephus (Antiquities of the Jews iv. 7, 1~ 4, 7) Eusebius and Jerome (Onom. sacr. 286, 71. 145, 9; 228, 55. 287, 94) assert that Rekem was the native name and Rekem appears in the Dead Sea scrolls[11] as a prominent Edom site most closely describing Petra and associated with Mount Seir. But in the Aramaic versions Rekem is the name of Kadesh, implying that Josephus may have confused the two places.[citation needed] Sometimes the Aramaic versions give the form Rekem-Geya which recalls the name of the village El-ji, southeast of Petra. The capital, however, would hardly be defined by the name of a neighboring village.[citation needed] The Semitic name of the city, if not Sela, remains unknown. The passage in Diodorus Siculus (xix. 94–97) which describes the expeditions which Antigonus sent against the Nabataeans in 312 BCE is understood to throw some light upon the history of Petra,[citation needed] but the "petra" referred to as a natural fortress and place of refuge cannot be a proper name and the description implies that the town was not yet in existence.[citation needed]
The Rekem Inscription in 1976
.The only place in Petra where the name "Rekem" occurs was in the rock wall of the Wadi Musa opposite the entrance to the Siq.^ My only suggestion is for you to identify ALL the pictures you post in the gallery, that way, I could remember what the names of the places and monuments are.
  • Petra-Jordan Photo Gallery by Mansour Mouasher at pbase.com 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I've been reading the "Left Behind" books and I am currently reading "Armageddon" which describes the Siq and heavily references Petra as a place of refuge.
  • Petra-Jordan Photo Gallery by Mansour Mouasher at pbase.com 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

About twenty years ago the Jordanians built a bridge over the wadi and this inscription was buried beneath tons of concrete.[12]
More satisfactory evidence of the date of the earliest Nabataean settlement may be obtained from an examination of the tombs. Two types may be distinguished: the Nabataean and the Greco-Roman. The Nabataean type starts from the simple pylon-tomb with a door set in a tower crowned by a parapet ornament, in imitation of the front of a dwelling-house. Then, after passing through various stages, the full Nabataean type is reached, retaining all the native features and at the same time exhibiting characteristics which are partly Egyptian and partly Greek. Of this type there exist close parallels in the tomb-towers at el-I~ejr in north Arabia, which bear long Nabataean inscriptions and supply a date for the corresponding monuments at Petra. Then comes a series of tombfronts which terminate in a semicircular arch, a feature derived from north Syria. Finally come the elaborate façades copied from the front of a Roman temple; however, all traces of native style have vanished. The exact dates of the stages in this development cannot be fixed. Strangely, few inscriptions of any length have been found at Petra, perhaps because they have perished with the stucco or cement which was used upon many of the buildings. The simple pylon-tombs which belong to the pre-Hellenic age serve as evidence for the earliest period. It is not known how far back in this stage the Nabataean settlement goes, but it does not go back farther than the 6th century BCE.
A period follows in which the dominant civilization combines Greek, Egyptian and Syrian elements, clearly pointing to the age of the Ptolemies. Towards the close of the 2nd century BCE, when the Ptolemaic and Seleucid kingdoms were equally depressed, the Nabataean kingdom came to the front. Under Aretas III Philhellene, (c.85–60 BCE), the royal coins begin. The theatre was probably excavated at that time, and Petra must have assumed the aspect of a Hellenistic city. In the reign of Aretas IV Philopatris, (9 BCE–40 CE), the fine tombs of the el-I~ejr [?] type may be dated, and perhaps also the great High-place.
Urn Tomb

Roman rule

In 106 CE, when Cornelius Palma was governor of Syria, that part of Arabia under the rule of Petra was absorbed into the Roman Empire as part of Arabia Petraea, becoming capital. The native dynasty came to an end. But the city continued to flourish. A century later, in the time of Alexander Severus, when the city was at the height of its splendor, the issue of coinage comes to an end. There is no more building of sumptuous tombs, owing apparently to some sudden catastrophe, such as an invasion by the neo-Persian power under the Sassanid Empire. Meanwhile, as Palmyra (fl. 130–270) grew in importance and attracted the Arabian trade away from Petra, the latter declined. It seems, however, to have lingered on as a religious centre. A Roman road was constructed at the site. Epiphanius of Salamis (c.315–403) writes that in his time a feast was held there on December 25 in honor of the virgin Khaabou (Chaabou) and her offspring Dushara (Haer. 51).[citation needed]

Religion

The Nabataeans worshipped the Arab gods and goddesses of the pre-Islamic times as well as few of their deified kings. One, Obodas I, was deified after his death. Dushara was the main male god accompanied by his female trinity: Al-‘Uzzá, Allat and Manāt. Many statues carved in the rock depict these gods and goddesses.
The Monastery, Petra's largest monument, dates from the 1st century BCE. It was dedicated to Obodas I and is believed to be the symposium of Obodas the god. This information is inscribed on the ruins of the Monastery (the name is the translation of the Arabic "Ad-Deir").
Christianity found its way to Petra in the 4th century CE, nearly 500 years after the establishment of Petra as a trade center. Athanasius mentions a bishop of Petra (Anhioch. 10) named Asterius. At least one of the tombs (the "tomb with the urn"?) was used as a church. An inscription in red paint records its consecration "in the time of the most holy bishop Jason" (447). After the Islamic conquest of 629–632 Christianity in Petra, as of most of Arabia, gave way to Islam. During the First Crusade Petra was occupied by Baldwin I of the Kingdom of Jerusalem and formed the second fief of the barony of Al Karak (in the lordship of Oultrejordain) with the title Château de la Valée de Moyse or Sela. It remained in the hands of the Franks until 1189. It is still a titular see of the Catholic Church.[13]
According to Arab tradition, Petra is the spot where Moses struck a rock with his staff and water came forth, and where Moses' brother, Aaron, is buried, at Mount Hor, known today as Jabal Haroun or Mount Aaron. The Wadi Musa or "Wadi of Moses" is the Arab name for the narrow valley at the head of which Petra is sited. A mountaintop shrine of Moses' sister Miriam was still shown to pilgrims at the time of Jerome in the 4th century, but its location has not been identified since.[14]

Decline

El Deir ("The Monastery") in 1839, by David Roberts.
Petra declined rapidly under Roman rule, in large part due to the revision of sea-based trade routes. In 363 an earthquake destroyed many buildings, and crippled the vital water management system.[15] The ruins of Petra were an object of curiosity in the Middle Ages and were visited by Sultan Baibars of Egypt towards the end of the 13th century. The first European to describe them was Johann Ludwig Burckhardt in 1812.
Because the structures weakened with age, many of the tombs became vulnerable to thieves, and many treasures were stolen.

Threats to Petra

The site suffers from a host of threats, including collapse of ancient structures, erosion due to flooding and improper rainwater drainage, weathering from salt upwelling, improper restoration of ancient structures, and unsustainable tourism.[16] The latter has increased substantially ever since the site was named one of the New Seven Wonders of the World in 2007.[17]

Petra today

Official advertisement poster of the Jordan Tourism Board calling to cast a vote for Petra in the poll for the so-called "New Seven Wonders of the World".
On December 6, 1985, Petra was designated a World Heritage Site.
In 2006 the design of a Visitor Centre began. The Jordan Times reported in December 2006 that 59,000 people visited in the two months October and November 2006, 25% fewer than the same period in the previous year.[18]
On July 7, 2007, Petra was named one of New Open World Corporation's New Seven Wonders of the World.[19]

In popular culture

Petra was the main topic in John William Burgon's Poem Petra. Referring to it as the inaccessible city which he had heard described but had never seen. The Poem was awarded the Newdigate Prize in 1845 :
It seems no work of Man's creative hand,
by labour wrought as wavering fancy planned;
But from the rock as if by magic grown,
eternal, silent, beautiful, alone!
Not virgin-white like that old Doric shrine,
where erst Athena held her rites divine;
Not saintly-grey, like many a minster fane,
that crowns the hill and consecrates the plain;
But rose-red as if the blush of dawn,
that first beheld them were not yet withdrawn;
The hues of youth upon a brow of woe,
which Man deemed old two thousand years ago,
match me such marvel save in Eastern clime,
a rose-red city half as old as time.
The site is featured in films such as: Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade, Arabian Nights, Passion in the Desert, Mortal Kombat: Annihilation, Sinbad and the Eye of the Tiger, the Sisters of Mercy music video "Dominion", and Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen. It was recreated for the video games Spy Hunter (2001), King's Quest V, Lego Indiana Jones and Sonic Unleashed and appeared in the novels Left Behind, Appointment with Death, The Eagle in the Sand and The Red Sea Sharks, the nineteenth book in The Adventures of Tintin series. It featured prominently in the Marcus Didius Falco mystery novel Last Act in Palmyra.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ a b Major Attractions: Petra, visitjordan.com
  3. ^ Mish, Frederick C., Editor in Chief. “Petra.” Webster’s Ninth New Collegiate Dictionary. 9th ed. Springfield, Massachusetts: Merriam-Webster Inc., 1985. ISBN 0-87779-508-8
  4. ^ Davey, Steve. "Unforgettable Places To See Before You Die", BBC, 12 December 2003.
  5. ^ UNESCO advisory body evaluation
  6. ^ Petra: Water Works
  7. ^ Geotimes — June 2004 — Petra: An Eroding Ancient City
  8. ^
    • 25. Mithcah - Nu. 33:28-29 associated with Petra on the borders of Moab and Edom near Petra.
    • 26. Hashmonah - Nu. 33:29-30 Ha Shmona Kiryat Shmona South
    • 27. Moseroth - Nu. 33:30-31 described as the place where Aaron died at the foot of Mt Hor (Petra)
    • 28. Bene-Jaakan - Nu. 33:31-32 the wells of Jaakan Near Mt Hor (Petra)
    • 29. Petra - Nu. 33:32-33 Siq The cleft of the mountain, the entrance to Petra
  9. ^ Genesis xiv. 6, xxxvi. 20–30; Deut. ii. 12.
  10. ^ Judges i. 36; Isaiah xvi. i, xlii. 11; Obad. 3.
  11. ^ 4Q462
  12. ^ Iain Browning, Petra, Chatto & Windus, 1974. p. 108. On page 109 there is a line drawing of the inscription, but the photograph is my own and the observation concerning the burial is also mine, based on some fifteen visits to Petra over the last 30 years.
  13. ^  "Petra". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913. http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Catholic_Encyclopedia_(1913)/Petra. 
  14. ^ Sacred Sites: Petra
  15. ^ Art Review; Rose-Red City Carved From the Rock - New York Times
  16. ^ Icomos.org, Heritage at Risk 2004/2005: Petra
  17. ^ "Heritage Conservation Grips Jordan's Petra Amid Booming Tourism". Xinhua. November 3, 2007. http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2007-11/03/content_7006318.htm. 
  18. ^ 31,926 tourists visit Petra last month
  19. ^ The Official New 7 Wonders of the Modern World

References

External links

  • PetraNationalTrust.org, Preservation Projects Petra National Trust
  • Smartedaleel.com, Interactive map of Old Petra
  • Bib-arch.org, "Solving the Enigma of Petra and the Nabataeans", Biblical Archaeology Review
  • Opencontext.org, "Petra Great Temple Excavations (Archaeological Data)", Open Context Publication of Archaeological Data from the 1993-2006 Brown University Excavations at the Great Temple of Petra, Jordan

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Asia : Middle East : Jordan : Petra
The Treasury (al-Khazneh)
The Treasury (al-Khazneh)
.Petra, the fabled "rose red city, half as old as time", is a well known ancient Nabataean city in the south of Jordan.^ The lost city of Petra in Jordan.

^ Petra Ancient city in what is now sw Jordan.
  • Petra Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Petra 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The ancient city of Petra was build by the Nabataeans.
  • الأردنّ (Jordan) - Magnificent Petra 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC gei.aerobaticsweb.org [Source type: General]

Due to its breathtaking grandeur and fabulous ruins, Petra was recognized as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1985.

Understand

.Petra was the impressive capital of the Nabataean kingdom from around the 6th century BC. The kingdom was absorbed into the Roman Empire in AD 106 and the Romans continued to expand the city.^ With its incorporation into the Roman Empire, Petra began to thrive once again.
  • Jordan - Touristic Sites - South of Amman 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.kinghussein.gov.jo [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It was the capital of the Nabataean kingdom from the 4th century bc .
  • Petra Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Petra 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ From the 4th century BC until the 2nd century AD, Petra was the capital of the Nabataean Kingdom.

.An important center for trade and commerce, Petra continued to flourish until a catastrophic earthquake destroyed buildings and crippled vital water management systems around AD 663. After Saladin's conquest of the Middle East in 1189, Petra was abandoned and the memory of it was lost to the West.^ By 16th century Petra was lost to the west.
  • Petra - Petra - TravBuddy 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.travbuddy.com [Source type: General]

^ Petra was once an important caravan center as capital, stronghold and treasure-city of the Nabataeans, an Arab people.

^ Abandoned to time and the elements, Petra was unknown to the outside world - with the single exception of an insignificant Crusader fortress built in the 12th century - until its ‘rediscovery’ in 1812.

.The ruins remained hidden to most of the world until the Swiss explorer, Johann Ludwig Burckhardt, disguised as an Arab scholar, infiltrated the Bedouin-occupied city in 1812. Burckhardt's accounts of his travels inspired other Western explorers and historians to discover the ancient city further.^ In 1812, Johann Ludwig Burckhardt, a young Swiss explorer re-discovered Petra, and the rest is, as they say, history.
  • الأردنّ (Jordan) - Magnificent Petra 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC gei.aerobaticsweb.org [Source type: General]

^ It was then hidden and forgotten for hundreds of years until it was rediscovered by a Swiss adventurer and explorer, Johann Burckhardt (1784-1817), in 1812.

^ After the Crusades , the city was unknown to the Western world until it was rediscovered by the Swiss traveler Johann Ludwig Burckhardt in 1812.
  • Petra (ancient city, Jordan) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The most famous of these was David Roberts, a Scottish artist who created a number of accurate and detailed illustrations of the city in 1839.
The first real excavations of the site were in 1929 after the forming of Trans-Jordan. .Since that time, Petra has become by far Jordan's largest tourist attraction, partially due to the exposure by the Steven Spielberg movie, Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade, in 1989. Due to the fantastic engineering accomplishments and well-preserved dimension of Petra, the archaeological site was chosen in July 2007 as one of the New Seven Wonders of the World [1].^ Petra has recently been named one of the new wonders of the modern world.
  • Petra Reviews and Photos, Petra - IgoUgo 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.igougo.com [Source type: General]

^ Petra is also a top contender in an international contest to name the New Seven Wonders of the World.
  • Reconstructing Petra | History & Archaeology | Smithsonian Magazine 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: General]

^ Petra has traveled the world, toured extensively, and continues to have an amazing music career, but at the same time realizes her purpose.
  • Petra Luna at IACmusic.com, presented by Independent Artists Company and KIAC 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC iacmusic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Get in

By bus

.JETT buses, both ordinary and all-inclusive guided tour, connect to Amman and Aqaba.^ All the while, John admits, Petra was constantly assessing its viability in both the recording and touring markets.
  • Christian Music Central: Christian Forum, Christian Music News, Christian Rock, Worship Music, Christian Artists, Christian Community 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.cmcentral.com [Source type: General]

.Other tourists come with organized groups, including daily trips from Eilat.^ Each bus had a Tourist Police officer accompanying the group along the trip.
  • Petra Israel Tours and Getting to Petra from Israel 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.petraisrael.com [Source type: General]

^ We had a chance to talk with the other members of our group and found that some were Israeli, looking to take a one day trip to Petra.
  • Petra Israel Tours and Getting to Petra from Israel 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.petraisrael.com [Source type: General]

Tours to Petra from Taba, Sinai and Sharm el Sheikh are also gaining popularity with charter tourism.
.It would cost 24 JD for two persons to travel by JETT bus, and allow you to see almost the entire site in an (exhausting) day trip.^ Israel Travel Two Days 1 night .

^ Fridays are days off, for trips around the Petra Basin and similar exhausting recreational activities.
  • Petra - Myth and reality 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC almashriq.hiof.no [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To read about her struggles with abuse you can see her Personal Blog at: http://petraluna.blogspot.com .
  • Petra Luna Official Site 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.petraluna.com [Source type: General]

By minibus

.The minibus from Wadi Rum costs 3 Jordanian Dinars (JD) each.^ Petra is open from roughly 06:00 until 18:00, and 20 dinars is the cost of a one-day adult ticket for non-Jordanians.
  • Jordan - Touristic Sites - South of Amman 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.kinghussein.gov.jo [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Our 2 day pass cost us 26 Jordanian Dinar each (around £25 per person).
  • Petra Reviews and Photos, Petra - IgoUgo 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.igougo.com [Source type: General]

.It takes 1.5 hours to get to Petra.^ From the Qasr, it takes around an hour to reach one of Petra’s most spectacular constructions, al-Deir ("The Monastery").
  • Jordan - Touristic Sites - South of Amman 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.kinghussein.gov.jo [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Have the Rum Guesthouse or your tour operator call the bus owner the day before to arrange an exact time for pick up.^ Day 1: Meet assist at Arab, transfer to Wadi Rum for jeep tour, O/N Petra .

^ Wadi Rum 12:00 arrive Aqaba city tour & free time 14:00 arrive Araba end of service.

^ Hope you don't mind if I pick your brain when the time comes!
  • Petra - Petra - TravBuddy 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.travbuddy.com [Source type: General]

.The bus usually leaves from Wadi Rum at 8:30 in the morning, but may be delayed due to weather or tour groups coming the other way.^ Day 1: Meet assist at Arab, transfer to Wadi Rum for jeep tour, O/N Petra .

^ Wadi Rum 12:00 arrive Aqaba city tour & free time 14:00 arrive Araba end of service.

^ Include: * All transportation on A/C car , van & bus * Up to 6 pax Local English guide in Petra * 7 pax+ English speaking guide throughout * 2 hours jeep tour W.Rum * Wadi Rum & Petra entrance fees * One night 3*hotel H.B .

There are also minibuses from Amman departing from the Wadabat bus station - these leave when full, and tourists are almost always charged 3 JD to get on. .DO NOT allow the drivers to charge you for your luggage, as they might sometimes try to do, considering you're already paying more than the locals (who pay 2-2.5JD).^ You don’t seem to be hosting locally…not with some of the item you are selling here in Mickey’s Mart.” Yup, I d read more .
  • Raja Petra Blogs // Blog Post Search // BlogCatalog 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.blogcatalog.com [Source type: General]

^ The food was definitely better than the one you can find in an average restaurant for tourist (the day after I tried the Red Cave) and it was a good opportunity to discover their local life!!
  • Petra Restaurants - Petra Restaurants Reviews - VirtualTourist.com 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.virtualtourist.com [Source type: General]

^ Here, for about $5JD in the winter, you can get a sumptuous buffet, or just some hot tea to warm your cold bones.
  • Petra Reviews and Photos, Petra - IgoUgo 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.igougo.com [Source type: General]

By taxi

Taxi is also a viable option. .For 75 JD or less (depending on how much you haggle) you may be able to get a private taxi from Amman to Petra and back, including the driver waiting around for 6 hours.^ Do you love Petra Nemcova as much as I do?
  • Petra Nemcova -- Supermodel with Personality 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Popular: 1 hours 17 minutes ago source: (3ne.com) By: CelebrityPWN Petra Nemcova you delicious little beauty!

^ Petra, Jordan Mar 30, 2009 If you just want a simple short piece of advice: I stayed at Le Méridien Amman.
  • Petra - Petra - TravBuddy 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.travbuddy.com [Source type: General]

.A taxi from Aqaba to Petra should cost about JD 30 one-way.^ Petra by about 7.30 that morning.
  • Petra Reviews and Photos, Petra - IgoUgo 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.igougo.com [Source type: General]

^ There is one final myth about Petra that should be mentioned, especially after Indiana Jones' recent visit: the nature of the real archeological fieldwork involved.
  • Petra - Myth and reality 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC almashriq.hiof.no [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In its heyday, which began in the first century B.C. and lasted for about 400 years, Petra was one of the world's wealthiest, most eclectic and most remarkable cities.
  • Reconstructing Petra | History & Archaeology | Smithsonian Magazine 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: General]

.If coming from Eilat (Israel), opportunistic drivers at the border may ask for much higher fares; it's better to take one cab to central Aqaba and continue from there at the normal price.^ I did not take enough pictures though I only spent one day there.
  • Petra-Jordan Photo Gallery by Mansour Mouasher at pbase.com 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Most hotels in Petra can also arrange to have someone pick you up.^ If you ever visit Jordan, Petra has to be the most important part of your visit.
  • الأردنّ (Jordan) - Magnificent Petra 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC gei.aerobaticsweb.org [Source type: General]

^ OAT did not help me with rearranging my flight after my first flight was cancelled, or with arranging for a hotel in New York after my second flight was delayed and I ended up missing the flight from New York to Cairo.
  • الأردنّ (Jordan) - Magnificent Petra 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC gei.aerobaticsweb.org [Source type: General]

^ Petra also, boasts a number of hotels to suit every taste and budget where you can enjoy delicious food (e.g.

If you get there renting a minibus with a driver in the hotel at the Dead Sea, the one-way price would be 140 JD.
.As of Jan 2010 a day trip to Petra by taxi from the Eilat border crossing costs 50 JD return for 3 people and the driver will wait for you in Petra.^ Petra is open from roughly 06:00 until 18:00, and 20 dinars is the cost of a one-day adult ticket for non-Jordanians.
  • Jordan - Touristic Sites - South of Amman 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.kinghussein.gov.jo [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Be aware also that the Bedouin people that offer the donkey rides as well as having jewellery stalls etc inside Petra will hound you throughout your visit.
  • Petra Reviews and Photos, Petra - IgoUgo 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.igougo.com [Source type: General]

^ Jan 14 2010 6:04 PM Have a great day...
  • Petra Luna™/ Artist For The Abused! on MySpace Music - Free Streaming MP3s, Pictures & Music Downloads 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

Camels are a common form of transportation in Petra
Camels are a common form of transportation in Petra
.The only modes of transport allowed within Petra are on two feet or on four feet (camel, donkey, or horse).^ More from Smithsonian.com Petra "Donkey, horse or camel?"
  • Reconstructing Petra | History & Archaeology | Smithsonian Magazine 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: General]

^ Is it true that Petra was founded by nomads who decided to settle down and sell protection and rest to the camel caravans transporting frankincense?
  • Reconstructing Petra | History & Archaeology | Smithsonian Magazine 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: General]

^ I only bid on two different models designer shoes, Daniela Pestova and Petra Nemcova.
  • Petra Nemcova -- Supermodel with Personality 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

.When entering Petra, there is a brief hike down towards the Siq.^ Once through the Siq there are buildings carved out of the rocks but they are not as spectacular as Petra itself.
  • Petra Reviews and Photos, Petra - IgoUgo 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.igougo.com [Source type: General]

^ Seeing Petra means hiking, and there's literally no way around it.
  • Petra Reviews and Photos, Petra - IgoUgo 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.igougo.com [Source type: General]

^ Petra is certainly one of the best natural places on earth for protection, because it can only be entered by one narrow valley ("El Siq") which would be easy to guard.
  • Chapter 11: Petra 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC ldolphin.org [Source type: Original source]

.Horses will be available for travel to the entrance of the Siq, or you can choose to take a horse-drawn buggy through the Siq (a distance of about .9 kilometers) and down to the Treasury.^ After about 1 km you get to the Siq , the gorge.
  • الأردنّ (Jordan) - Magnificent Petra 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC gei.aerobaticsweb.org [Source type: General]

^ Horse drawn carriages are available from near the entrance gate of Petra to the Treasury for a fee, and we were pleased to see that the Brooke charity had a base inside Petra to give the horse being used shade, rest and water throughout the day.
  • Petra Reviews and Photos, Petra - IgoUgo 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.igougo.com [Source type: General]

^ It wasn't until I had forked over about $25 and sat down to take a closer look that I noticed it had carved on it, plain as day, a Western-style house with a chimney...
  • Petra Reviews and Photos, Petra - IgoUgo 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.igougo.com [Source type: General]

The prices for such rides are not set and are extremely negotiable, depending on one's bargaining abilities.
.Once you arrive at the Treasury, there will be many camel and donkey owners jockeying for your business.^ Arrive at your deluxe hotel, located only 9 km from the archeological site of Petra, where you'll enjoy a spectacular view of the ancient site and surrounding mountains.
  • Pyramids & Petra - Discount Travel Vacation Packages By Friendly Planet 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.friendlyplanet.com [Source type: General]

^ Here, the Siq spits you out into a larger canyon, and there, perfectly preserved, stands The Khasneh al Faroun (Pharoah's treasury).
  • Petra Reviews and Photos, Petra - IgoUgo 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.igougo.com [Source type: General]

^ Be aware also that the Bedouin people that offer the donkey rides as well as having jewellery stalls etc inside Petra will hound you throughout your visit.
  • Petra Reviews and Photos, Petra - IgoUgo 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.igougo.com [Source type: General]

.Be prepared to do some bargaining and don't pay more than 10 JD, a more resonable price is around 3 JD a person.^ I don't want to drone on too much more than I already have.
  • Petra Metal Queen on MySpace Music - Free Streaming MP3s, Pictures & Music Downloads 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Jan 17 2010 10:05 AM hey petra, hope you are doing good, and will have some more music out for the new year.
  • Petra Metal Queen on MySpace Music - Free Streaming MP3s, Pictures & Music Downloads 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Theme: Local Price: less than US$10 » Currency Converter Comparison: about average Address: Petra Add to Your Trip Planner .
  • Petra Restaurants - Petra Restaurants Reviews - VirtualTourist.com 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.virtualtourist.com [Source type: General]

Often times the owner will drop his price in half simply by hearing a few phrases in Arabic.
Camel or donkey transport should be seriously considered. .Riding a camel is a unique experience on more level ground, but a donkey is recommended for more ambitious climbs, such as the ones to the High Place or the Monastery.^ One of the more popular hikes is the High Place of Sacrifice .
  • Jordan - Touristic Sites - South of Amman 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.kinghussein.gov.jo [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bedouins there offer camel and donkey rides.
  • الأردنّ (Jordan) - Magnificent Petra 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC gei.aerobaticsweb.org [Source type: General]

^ More from Smithsonian.com Petra "Donkey, horse or camel?"
  • Reconstructing Petra | History & Archaeology | Smithsonian Magazine 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: General]

.However if you are reasonably fit and the weather is good, the walk is quite nice.^ However, once you have arrived at The Treasury at the end of the spectacular ravine walk, here are a couple of tips to make the rest of Petra really worthwhile.
  • Petra - Petra - TravBuddy 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.travbuddy.com [Source type: General]

^ Anyway, I did a couple of modified cross-fit workouts this past week, and then a couple days ago, I was out for my walk, was feeling good - and I RAN!!!

^ Turkey, have a visit there http://public.fotki.com/JustSayYes/2001_turkey_digital/day_06/ I was using Nikons like you but the weather not as nice.
  • Petra-Jordan Photo Gallery by Mansour Mouasher at pbase.com 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

the Siq
the Siq
The urn atop the Treasury
The urn atop the Treasury
.Petra is an archaeological park, so the entrance fees are considered fairly steep compared to other Jordanian attractions.^ Petra is located about 4 hours drive from the Jordanian capital of Amman, and there are plenty of lodgings and eateries in Wadi Musa, the little town beside the entrance to Petra.
  • Petra Reviews and Photos, Petra - IgoUgo 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.igougo.com [Source type: General]

^ Be prepared to pay a hefty entrance fee unless you have a Jordanian passport.
  • Petra - Petra - TravBuddy 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.travbuddy.com [Source type: General]

.Visitors can purchase tickets at the Visitor's Center for 40 JD/person for a one day pass (as of Jan 2010).^ Petra is open from roughly 06:00 until 18:00, and 20 dinars is the cost of a one-day adult ticket for non-Jordanians.
  • Jordan - Touristic Sites - South of Amman 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.kinghussein.gov.jo [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The entrance ticket for single day is JOD 21 per person.
  • Petra - Petra - TravBuddy 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.travbuddy.com [Source type: General]

^ Our 2 day pass cost us 26 Jordanian Dinar each (around £25 per person).
  • Petra Reviews and Photos, Petra - IgoUgo 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.igougo.com [Source type: General]

A 3 day pass will get you a 4th day for free. A valid student ID card used to allow entrance for 11.5 JD, however this offer has been discontinued, it is not sure if it will become available again. Do not attempt to purchase tickets from dubious scalpers around town! .Time permitting, the two-day pass is recommended, as there is much to see and do in Petra.^ From then on there was not much activity in Petra.
  • الأردنّ (Jordan) - Magnificent Petra 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC gei.aerobaticsweb.org [Source type: General]

^ There is so much to see and explore.
  • Petra - Petra - TravBuddy 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.travbuddy.com [Source type: General]

^ I have seen Petra through your eyes, hopfuly one day I will see Petra through my own eyes.
  • Petra-Jordan Photo Gallery by Mansour Mouasher at pbase.com 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Guides can be hired from about 10 JD and up (depending on what you want to see) at the Visitors Center.^ You can either walk up, or hire a donkey.
  • الأردنّ (Jordan) - Magnificent Petra 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC gei.aerobaticsweb.org [Source type: General]

^ For the last part, the road from As-Siq to the visitor center you can take a ride on horseback.
  • الأردنّ (Jordan) - Magnificent Petra 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC gei.aerobaticsweb.org [Source type: General]

^ The trail begins at the Visitor's Center, where you are handed a nice map with your entry fee.
  • Petra Reviews and Photos, Petra - IgoUgo 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.igougo.com [Source type: General]

.You may want to take advantage of the knowledge of the Bedouins who work in Petra.^ I found this particularly hard to take, but the further side of Petra appears to be run by the Bedouin, and the animals are not cared for by the Brooke charity, like the horses at the entrance.
  • Petra Reviews and Photos, Petra - IgoUgo 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.igougo.com [Source type: General]

^ Be aware also that the Bedouin people that offer the donkey rides as well as having jewellery stalls etc inside Petra will hound you throughout your visit.
  • Petra Reviews and Photos, Petra - IgoUgo 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.igougo.com [Source type: General]

^ Then, take advantage of a fabulous Dead Sea extension, where you'll revel in the luxury of a 5-star spa hotel at the shore of the world's lowest body of water.
  • Pyramids & Petra - Discount Travel Vacation Packages By Friendly Planet 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.friendlyplanet.com [Source type: General]

.Many of them were born and raised in Petra, and will gladly share their knowledge with you for the price of a camel or donkey ride.^ Be aware also that the Bedouin people that offer the donkey rides as well as having jewellery stalls etc inside Petra will hound you throughout your visit.
  • Petra Reviews and Photos, Petra - IgoUgo 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.igougo.com [Source type: General]

^ More from Smithsonian.com Petra "Donkey, horse or camel?"
  • Reconstructing Petra | History & Archaeology | Smithsonian Magazine 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: General]

^ Arriving at the entrance gate to Petra, you have the option of tickets, depending on how many days you have.
  • Petra Reviews and Photos, Petra - IgoUgo 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.igougo.com [Source type: General]

Alternatively, major hotels can rent you a portable Easyguide [2] audio guide (JD 10/day) for commentary in English, Arabic, French and Spanish. Easyguide is also available as a mobile phone service on all Jordanian mobile phone networks, a map [3] is needed to use this service.
.
  • The entrance to Petra is a long, winding sandstone canyon known as the Siq.^ After this, you approach the entrance to The Siq, the narrow twisting canyon that is the primary access route into Petra.
    • Petra Reviews and Photos, Petra - IgoUgo 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.igougo.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The Siq, a twisting 1,000-yard-long canyon that in places is just wide enough for two camels to pass, made the eastern part of the city impregnable.
    • Reconstructing Petra | History & Archaeology | Smithsonian Magazine 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: General]

    .There are minor carvings spotted here and there throughout the Siq, but the most impressive sights are the colorful and unusual sandstone patterns in the rock walls.^ Here, the Siq spits you out into a larger canyon, and there, perfectly preserved, stands The Khasneh al Faroun (Pharoah's treasury).
    • Petra Reviews and Photos, Petra - IgoUgo 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.igougo.com [Source type: General]

    ^ You pass insciptions in ancient languages and rock cut chambers carved into the sandstone.
    • Petra - Petra - TravBuddy 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.travbuddy.com [Source type: General]

    ^ All the walls of the main valley are riddled with tombs carved out of the rock.
    • الأردنّ (Jordan) - Magnificent Petra 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC gei.aerobaticsweb.org [Source type: General]

    .There are also remains of terracotta pipes built into the sides of the canyon that were used in Roman times to carry water.
  • Upon exiting the Siq, visitors can view the jaw-dropping grandeur of the Treasury (al-Khazneh in Arabic).^ The first view of the Al-Khazneh (the Treasury) in Petra from the gorge.
    • الأردنّ (Jordan) - Magnificent Petra 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC gei.aerobaticsweb.org [Source type: General]

    ^ The chasm abruptly terminates in a small sandy clearing at the foot of the magnificent Hellenistic façade of al-Khazneh, the Treasury, carved into the face of a crimson cliffside.
    • The Power of Petra - WSJ.com 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC online.wsj.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Visitors to Rome today can visit the places where they lived, including large cavernous rooms where they met for worship and prayer, and hundreds of tombs carved into the sides of the tunnels for those who died during this time.
    • Chapter 11: Petra 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC ldolphin.org [Source type: Original source]

    Be sure to note the urn atop the Treasury structure. It has been rumored that the urn contained a Pharaoh's hidden treasure, and the urn bears the bullet pock marks where Bedouin travellers throughout the years have tested the theory. .Get there when the park opens at 6AM or 6:30AM (depending on the season) and you may have the Treasury all to yourself or with less than 5-10 people around.
  • Past the next bend is the outer Siq or Street of Facades, a large canyon lined with the facades of various tombs.
  • At the end of the Street of Facades is the 7000-seat Roman Theater.^ As the Outer Siq opens out, the Street of Facades becomes visible.
    • Petra Map and Monuments 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.atlastours.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ There are temples, baths, and a street lined with large columns.
    • الأردنّ (Jordan) - Magnificent Petra 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC gei.aerobaticsweb.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Beyond the Street of Facades lies the Theater , which was constructed in the early 1st century AD by Nabataeans and enlarged and improved by the Romans shortly after their annexation of the Kingdom in 106 AD. This they did by ruthlessly gouging away a street of houses or tombs in order to extend the rear of the auditorium, which could then accommodate 3000 people.
    • Petra Map and Monuments 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.atlastours.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    The theater was created by the Nabateans but later enlarged by the Romans. .It is still used for occasional performances.
  • On the side of the valley opposite the Roman Theater and a short walk up the hill, are the Royal Tombs.^ On the other side of the valley, opposite the Roman ruins are the ruins of the byzantine church with the floor mosaics.
    • الأردنّ (Jordan) - Magnificent Petra 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC gei.aerobaticsweb.org [Source type: General]

    .The name was given because they are quite grand in scale compared to the others in the area, but it is unclear for whom the tombs were originally constructed.
  • The Monastery (ad-Deir), the largest carved monument in Petra, dates back to the 1st century AD. The interior, like that of the Treasury, is puny in comparison to the facade.^ Tombs and houses carved into the bed rock over a vast area at Petra would be suitable for temporarily housing many thousands of people.
    • Chapter 11: Petra 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC ldolphin.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ They charge like warriors; they scale walls like soldiers.
    • Chapter 11: Petra 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC ldolphin.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Amphitheater carved out of the rock by the Romans after they conquered Petra.
    • الأردنّ (Jordan) - Magnificent Petra 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC gei.aerobaticsweb.org [Source type: General]

    .The more than 800 steps up to the Monastery can take over an hour; many visitors choose to ride donkeys up to the top.
  • Princess Alia Clinic, Brooke Hospital for Animals [4] located just inside the entrance to the park.^ Andy has always been an avid birdwatcher, so he was more than happy to get it all set up.

    ^ For the last part, the road from As-Siq to the visitor center you can take a ride on horseback.
    • الأردنّ (Jordan) - Magnificent Petra 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC gei.aerobaticsweb.org [Source type: General]

    ^ I decided on the latter, since walking up to the Monastery would take most of an hour.
    • الأردنّ (Jordan) - Magnificent Petra 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC gei.aerobaticsweb.org [Source type: General]

    .As you can witness inside Petra, not all donkeys, horses and camels are treated right.^ More from Smithsonian.com Petra "Donkey, horse or camel?"
    • Reconstructing Petra | History & Archaeology | Smithsonian Magazine 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Be aware also that the Bedouin people that offer the donkey rides as well as having jewellery stalls etc inside Petra will hound you throughout your visit.
    • Petra Reviews and Photos, Petra - IgoUgo 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.igougo.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Bedouins today offer horses, camels and donkeys for those who want a bestial powered exploration.
    • Jordan's Greatest Treasure: Petra, Aquaba Down Under 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.gonomad.com [Source type: General]

    A few are overworked, carrying overweight tourist or being excessively whipped. .The Brooke charity educates owners about the treatment of equestrian working animals and treats the animals for free.^ I found this particularly hard to take, but the further side of Petra appears to be run by the Bedouin, and the animals are not cared for by the Brooke charity, like the horses at the entrance.
    • Petra Reviews and Photos, Petra - IgoUgo 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.igougo.com [Source type: General]

    The clinic is happy to tell you about conditions for working animals in Jordan. You can give a donation to the clinic.

Do

For the terminally energetic, there are a number of popular hikes around Petra.
.
  • In order to understand what in reality Petra is, it is better to spend there two days.^ Better is One Day            Artist: petra .
    • Lyrics - petra All songs, words of songs FREE, At lyrics and songs - : Lyrics And Songs 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.lyricsandsongs.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Two Are Better Than One            Artist: petra .
    • Lyrics - petra All songs, words of songs FREE, At lyrics and songs - : Lyrics And Songs 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.lyricsandsongs.com [Source type: General]

    .The first day: Siq - Treasury - City - Monastery.^ It took us approximately 45 minutes to reach the first main sight - the Treasury, at the end of the siq, but it was worth it.
    • Petra Reviews and Photos, Petra - IgoUgo 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.igougo.com [Source type: General]

    .The second day: another way to Petra through Wadi Muthlim - see the Treasury from above on Jebel Al -Khubtha - High Place of Sacrifice.^ High Place of Sacrifice.jpg .
    • Petra-Jordan Photo Gallery by Mansour Mouasher at pbase.com 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Horse drawn carriages are available from near the entrance gate of Petra to the Treasury for a fee, and we were pleased to see that the Brooke charity had a base inside Petra to give the horse being used shade, rest and water throughout the day.
    • Petra Reviews and Photos, Petra - IgoUgo 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.igougo.com [Source type: General]

    ^ I have seen Petra through your eyes, hopfuly one day I will see Petra through my own eyes.
    • Petra-Jordan Photo Gallery by Mansour Mouasher at pbase.com 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .If you enter Petra through Wadi Muthlim do not turn left right after the small Siq, firstly go right to see Aqueduct, Tunnel and Al-Wu'eira Fort and only after that return to Petra center.
  • The High Place of Sacrifice is a popular destination in Petra.^ High Place of Sacrifice.jpg .
    • Petra-Jordan Photo Gallery by Mansour Mouasher at pbase.com 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Tourists to this vast mountain-enclosed ancient city in the Wadi Musa generally enter from the east on foot or on horseback through El Siq, an 6000 feet long narrow cleft (width: 12-30 feet) with 100-500 foot high cliff walls.
    • Chapter 11: Petra 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC ldolphin.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ By making any content available through this application, you represent and warrant that you own all rights necessary to properly do so.
    • Music on Facebook | Petra - free music, pictures, videos 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC apps.facebook.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    The site at the top of the mountain contains elaborate rock altars used for sacrifices. .From the High Place, one can view much of Petra from above.^ I am supprised to see that no one is pointing out that Petra was the hiding place for Esau and the development of the Edomites from the house of Esau.
    • Reconstructing Petra | History & Archaeology | Smithsonian Magazine 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Petra is certainly one of the best natural places on earth for protection, because it can only be entered by one narrow valley ("El Siq") which would be easy to guard.
    • Chapter 11: Petra 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC ldolphin.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ This one is high up on a mountain behind Petra.
    • الأردنّ (Jordan) - Magnificent Petra 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC gei.aerobaticsweb.org [Source type: General]

    .The trek down the back side of the mountain reveals many interesting tombs and carvings that might be missed by average tourist.^ Tombs and houses carved into the bed rock over a vast area at Petra would be suitable for temporarily housing many thousands of people.
    • Chapter 11: Petra 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC ldolphin.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ View of the mountain on the east side of Petra with the most magnificent tombs.
    • الأردنّ (Jordan) - Magnificent Petra 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC gei.aerobaticsweb.org [Source type: General]

    ^ The walk back down the mountain takes about ½ hour.
    • الأردنّ (Jordan) - Magnificent Petra 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC gei.aerobaticsweb.org [Source type: General]

    The round trip generally takes 1.5-2.5 hours.
The Monastery is one of Petra's most impressive structures
.
The Monastery is one of Petra's most impressive structures
* The Mountain of Aaron (Jabal Haroun) is the highest peak in the area.
^ In its prime, Petra was one of the most lavish cities in history—more Las Vegas than Athens.
  • Reconstructing Petra | History & Archaeology | Smithsonian Magazine 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: General]

^ In its heyday, which began in the first century B.C. and lasted for about 400 years, Petra was one of the world's wealthiest, most eclectic and most remarkable cities.
  • Reconstructing Petra | History & Archaeology | Smithsonian Magazine 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: General]

^ As you approach the end of the siq, you start to get a glimpse of the famous Treasury, one of the best preserved carved structures in Petra.
  • Petra Reviews and Photos, Petra - IgoUgo 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.igougo.com [Source type: General]

At the top you will find a small church and the tomb of Aaron, brother of Moses. .The route to the top and back will take you past the Monastery and will take 4-8 hours depending on your chosen path.^ A polite "No thanks" usually turns these hopefuls away, sometimes you must say it twice to get them off your back.
  • Petra Reviews and Photos, Petra - IgoUgo 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.igougo.com [Source type: General]

^ The walk back down the mountain takes about ½ hour.
  • الأردنّ (Jordan) - Magnificent Petra 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC gei.aerobaticsweb.org [Source type: General]

^ I decided on the latter, since walking up to the Monastery would take most of an hour.
  • الأردنّ (Jordan) - Magnificent Petra 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC gei.aerobaticsweb.org [Source type: General]

Ancient coin, mister?
.The Bedouin tradesmen around the area will display artificial "ancient" Roman or Nabatean coins which are rather large in size.^ Archaeologists had largely ignored the site—on the fringe of the Roman Empire—and only 2 percent of the ancient city had been uncovered.
  • Reconstructing Petra | History & Archaeology | Smithsonian Magazine 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: General]

^ The Greeks and Romans built extensively in Jordan and the area around Bozrah and Petra was well populated as late as Roman times.
  • Chapter 11: Petra 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC ldolphin.org [Source type: Original source]

If pressed further, they will generally have a hidden stash of small, authentic coins from various periods. However buying these coins encourages the illegal looting of archaeological sites. .To supply you with a souvenir the local inhabitants destroy graves, tombs and buildings in searches for coins and other antiquities.^ You'll be approached by Bedouins (the local wandering peoples who live in caves) who will offer to sell you everthing from jewelry to antiquities.
  • Petra Reviews and Photos, Petra - IgoUgo 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.igougo.com [Source type: General]

The Antiquities Law of 1988 states that individuals who engage in illicit excavations and/or trading in antiquities are criminals.
.Throughout Petra, vendors will offer bottles of decorative sand art.^ Be aware also that the Bedouin people that offer the donkey rides as well as having jewellery stalls etc inside Petra will hound you throughout your visit.
  • Petra Reviews and Photos, Petra - IgoUgo 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.igougo.com [Source type: General]

.While they may appear similar to other such souvenirs found in other Jordanian locations, these are unique in that the sand used to create the art is naturally colored sand scraped from the rock walls of various Petra canyons and not artificially colored.^ Police found no other bullet holes in the house, and they related the angle of the shot to his military background.
  • MotherJones JF93: Who killed Petra Kelly? | Mother Jones 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC motherjones.com [Source type: General]

^ They may well have the use of the Internet, satellite communication, and other high tech methods in their struggle.
  • Chapter 11: Petra 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC ldolphin.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Amphitheater carved out of the rock by the Romans after they conquered Petra.
  • الأردنّ (Jordan) - Magnificent Petra 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC gei.aerobaticsweb.org [Source type: General]

  • Wrangler Bar, (at Petra Palace Hotel). cosy bar with alcoholic drinks and oldies but goodies music JD 4 for beer and wine.  edit
.There is only one restaurant in all Petra at the far end of the Roman Highway, which does a roaring trade despite steep pricing.^ However, Petra had one weakness: All the water for Petra comes through that same gorge.
  • الأردنّ (Jordan) - Magnificent Petra 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC gei.aerobaticsweb.org [Source type: General]

^ The kids are some of the last ones there, but my wait time is minimal, if at all.

^ I did not take enough pictures though I only spent one day there.
  • Petra-Jordan Photo Gallery by Mansour Mouasher at pbase.com 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It also has the valley's monopoly on beer.
For drinks hot and cold, there are a number of stalls and vendors scattered throughout the area.
.Shade is sparse in Petra, and on a hot summer day you can expect to go through at least 4 litres of water (and more if you can afford to carry it).^ The water for Petra was brought in through the gorge.
  • الأردنّ (Jordan) - Magnificent Petra 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC gei.aerobaticsweb.org [Source type: General]

^ However, Petra had one weakness: All the water for Petra comes through that same gorge.
  • الأردنّ (Jordan) - Magnificent Petra 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC gei.aerobaticsweb.org [Source type: General]

^ I have seen Petra through your eyes, hopfuly one day I will see Petra through my own eyes.
  • Petra-Jordan Photo Gallery by Mansour Mouasher at pbase.com 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The need for water in the winter months is much less essential.
In Wadi Musa, there are many more eating options. Of particular note, is Al-Wadi Restaurant on Shaheed roundabout in the center of town. Reasonably priced, and the servers are extremely friendly. Also great food that you will be unlikely to finish. Expect to pay JD2-JD4 for a main dish.
  • Al-Anbat 1, +962 (06) 215 6888 (, fax: +962 (03) 215 6888), [5]. Clean rooms with satellite TV (including BBC & CNN). All upstairs rooms have baths and the occasional balcony. Poorly located some 4 km from Wadi Musa, but breakfast and transport to Petra is included in the price. Internet cafe, restaurant and Turkish bath. .In January 2009 the hot air from the air-conditioning system was being switched off at night and during the day ("when all the tourists are in Petra"), that caused extremely cold temperature inside the rooms, where you could stay only having your coat on or under two covers. From 45JD (January 2009).^ The weather was actually quite cold, the temperatures at night close to freezing, and during the day only around 5 °C. Only rarely did they reach 10 °C. The food was very good.
    • الأردنّ (Jordan) - Magnificent Petra 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC gei.aerobaticsweb.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Having been to Petra and seeing the extremely well preserved remains is an unforgettable experience.
    • Petra-Jordan Photo Gallery by Mansour Mouasher at pbase.com 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ I have seen Petra through your eyes, hopfuly one day I will see Petra through my own eyes.
    • Petra-Jordan Photo Gallery by Mansour Mouasher at pbase.com 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

     edit
  • Al-Anbat 2, +962 (06) 215 6888. All rooms have air-con and satellite TV. Single 5JD; double 10JD.  edit
  • Cleopetra Hotel, +962 (03) 215 7090. Basic hostel with common area with TV and couches. Some rooms have bathroom included. Located up the hill (near the bus station) but free transport is provided to and from Petra. Great reception with lots of advice and can organise trips to Wadi Rum. .Mosleh will take care of you - he seems to know everyone in town.^ Yeah you probably don’t care, but be happy knowing that over the weekend you can enjoy the pictures of Gisele Bundchen .
    • Petra Nemcova 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC gone-hollywood.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Breakfast is also included in the price which makes this hotel great value!
    Single: 12JD; Double: 16JD.  edit
  • Petra Gate Hotel, +962 (03)215 6908 (). Warm, welcoming, and friendly atmosphere; offers free transportation to the site; free luggage storage; international telephone call service; laundry; wireless internet services; satellite TV; movies; tickets to Petra by Night; and a small buffet-style restaurant. .English speaking, super friendly and helpful staff is there to answer all your questions, and they can organise trips to Wadi Rum and to the kings highway and Dead Sea and they will help you during your stay.^ If you are a single traveller, a couple, a family or a group, Petra Tours can help you experience the beautiful island of Lesvos on your own terms.
    • Lesvos island | Petra Tours | Your hotel, travel, rent a car Agency - Lesbos, Griechenland 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.petratours-lesvos.com [Source type: News]

    ^ After Petra we visited Wadi Ram (often spelled Wadi Rum for English speakers, since Ram is pronounced like the English word Rum, just with a longer vowel) and then flew to Cairo for the Egypt part of the trip.
    • الأردنّ (Jordan) - Magnificent Petra 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC gei.aerobaticsweb.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Make sure you and they know who all of their friends are.
    • Petra Luna™/ Artist For The Abused! on MySpace Music - Free Streaming MP3s, Pictures & Music Downloads 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

    Clean and quite cheap, breakfast included.
    11 JD per person.  edit
  • Saba'a Hotel, Wadi Mousa, Jordan (From the bus station, turn left and walk along the main road to the roundabout, cross over and walk 100yards up the hill on the left.), + 962 776250574 (Ibrahim)and +962 779753033 (Gail) (). .This place has just opened and the couple running it are really welcoming - he's from Jordan and she's from the UK and they really make you feel at home.^ Make sure you and they know who all of their friends are.
    • Petra Luna™/ Artist For The Abused! on MySpace Music - Free Streaming MP3s, Pictures & Music Downloads 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

    ^ I have never been to this place and I never imagined that there is such place in this world that can leave you breathless just by simply looking at the picture...i wonder how it feels like to see the real thing...if given a chance, I'll surely visit Petra...thanks for the wonderful trip .
    • Petra-Jordan Photo Gallery by Mansour Mouasher at pbase.com 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Really great photography..the photos are so clear and so attractive that you feel that you have to see in real...Congrats!!!!
    • Petra-Jordan Photo Gallery by Mansour Mouasher at pbase.com 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    The rooms are simple and clean, they are all ensuite. Packed lunches; laundry service, luggage storage; satellite tv; book swap;local information; trips to Wadi Rum are all available.
    Price single 12JD, double 15JD, triple 18JD.  edit
  • Valley stars Inn, ''+962'' 3 2155733 (), [6]. Clean and friendly. They can arrange transportation from any point in Jordan for a good price and they also arrange tours in Jordan. .Wireless internet, homey feeling, arrangements for Petra by night trip, and free shuttle to main gate. JD 35 for double, Half board for JD10 extra includes good dinner.^ I missed this amazingly beautiful site back in 1999 and vowed my next trip to Israel would include Petra, Jordan.
    • Petra-Jordan Photo Gallery by Mansour Mouasher at pbase.com 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

     .'sleep', 'Petra');return false;" title="click to edit Valley stars Inn">edit
  • Valentine Inn, Wadi Mousa, Jabal Alzohour Str, Jordan. (At the main roundabout, head up the (steep) hill about 200mt, entrance on the right.), + 962 (03)215 6423.^ I can see why my friends who have just returned were so enthused about Petra and its amazing scenic qualities!
    • Petra-Jordan Photo Gallery by Mansour Mouasher at pbase.com 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    checkout: 10am. The place where every taxi driver will attempt to take you, the Valentine Inn has fostered a love/hate relationship with many travellers. .On the love side, there's the generous and tasty dinner buffet (4JD), clean single bed dorm rooms, sociable dining area with great views of the town.^ Not very far from there, on the north-east side of town, one can find the Hellenistic Theatre with its superb acoustics and capacity of 10,000 people.
    • Lesvos island | Petra Tours | Your hotel, travel, rent a car Agency - Lesbos, Griechenland 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.petratours-lesvos.com [Source type: News]

    On the other hand, the staff is extremely rude and sometimes there's no hot water in winter. Like all places they can arrange everything, and offer a free minbus to the park entrance at 7,8am and returning at 5,6pm. Besides, this hostel employs Asian slave workers who got taken away their passports. .They might ask you to help them to escape, but keep in mind that this might cause trouble for you as well! Dorm 3JD; Single 12JD; double 18JD; Triple 20JD.
    ^ Our members are instrumental in helping to keep the Squidoo neighborhood a clean, well-lighted place!
    • Petra Nemcova -- Supermodel with Personality 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

    ^ If you are a single traveller, a couple, a family or a group, Petra Tours can help you experience the beautiful island of Lesvos on your own terms.
    • Lesvos island | Petra Tours | Your hotel, travel, rent a car Agency - Lesbos, Griechenland 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.petratours-lesvos.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Keep your entry ticket on your person, as you may be asked to produce it by park rangers later on.
    • Petra Reviews and Photos, Petra - IgoUgo 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.igougo.com [Source type: General]

     edit
  • Nawaf Bedouin Camp, +962 795 537 109 (), [7]. .Very good way of getting to know the real Bedouin lifestyle.^ I was also starting to like real life boys who did not treat me very good.
    • Petra Luna™/ Artist For The Abused! on MySpace Music - Free Streaming MP3s, Pictures & Music Downloads 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

    .Nawaf is a warm and respectful person, and the way he manages his camp has very little to do with a hotel - he likes to work with small groups of tourists, so he can use all his energies to make you feel comfortable and spend time talking with you around the campfire.^ By making any content available through this application, you represent and warrant that you own all rights necessary to properly do so.
    • Music on Facebook | Petra - free music, pictures, videos 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC apps.facebook.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Thank You Regarding Dr. H. Davis comments: Prophecy has time beat with patience, and is only valued in reflection by a particular group.
    • Reconstructing Petra | History & Archaeology | Smithsonian Magazine 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: General]

    ^ It was great to find all these pictures which make up for the loss of our photos.Thank You.
    • Petra-Jordan Photo Gallery by Mansour Mouasher at pbase.com 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .At night, in the magic atmosphere of the Bedouin tent, he will prepare on the fire (just in front of you) a very tasty dinner, following the old Bedouin traditions.^ It was Thursday night, the start of the Arab weekend, and after dinner a young American and a Bedouin arm-wrestled to great laughter and shouting.
    • Reconstructing Petra | History & Archaeology | Smithsonian Magazine 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: General]

    .The price also includes transportation to and from the Bedouin village next to Petra and to the desert camp in Wadi Araba. 95JD/night, including dinner and breakfast.
    ^ I missed this amazingly beautiful site back in 1999 and vowed my next trip to Israel would include Petra, Jordan.
    • Petra-Jordan Photo Gallery by Mansour Mouasher at pbase.com 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

     edit
  • Grand View Resort, Queen Rania Street (Beside the Marriott overlooking Wadi Musa), +962 (3) 215 68 71 (), [8]. One of the top 5 hotels in Wadi Musa, the Grand View Resort offers excellent service with a fantastic view of Jabal Haroun (the Mountain of Aaron) and the surrounding area. Single: 75JD; Twin: 100JD; Studio: 150JD; Junior Suite: 250JD; Executive Suite: 450JD.  edit
  • Taybet Zaman Hotel and Resort, +962 (06) 215 0111. .Located in a renovated 19th-century village, this is quite possibly the best hotel and almost certainly the most stylish one in Petra, if not in all of Jordan.^ In its prime, Petra was one of the most lavish cities in history—more Las Vegas than Athens.
    • Reconstructing Petra | History & Archaeology | Smithsonian Magazine 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: General]

    ^ In its heyday, which began in the first century B.C. and lasted for about 400 years, Petra was one of the world's wealthiest, most eclectic and most remarkable cities.
    • Reconstructing Petra | History & Archaeology | Smithsonian Magazine 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Petra has one of the best sandy beaches of the island.
    • Lesvos island | Petra Tours | Your hotel, travel, rent a car Agency - Lesbos, Griechenland 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.petratours-lesvos.com [Source type: News]

    The 105 rooms are all located in individual houses decorated in Bedouin style. The inevitable handicraft shops are attractively camouflaged in a "souq", and there are good restaurants and even a Turkish bath on hand. The resort is a fair distance from Petra, but a courtesy shuttle bus is provided once a day: 9:30AM to Petra and 2:30PM for the return. This doesn't give enough time for exploration of Petra. .If you have your own transportation, this is doable.^ If you are a single traveller, a couple, a family or a group, Petra Tours can help you experience the beautiful island of Lesvos on your own terms.
    • Lesvos island | Petra Tours | Your hotel, travel, rent a car Agency - Lesbos, Griechenland 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.petratours-lesvos.com [Source type: News]

    .If not, you end up paying 6JD each way for a taxi.^ It's a nice way to remind us to wake up and pay attention to what's going on in the day-to-day lives of young people.
    • Petra Luna™/ Artist For The Abused! on MySpace Music - Free Streaming MP3s, Pictures & Music Downloads 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

    Six percent of all profits go to the local community.
    Rooms start at $110.  edit

Stay healthy

.The most cold and rainy months to visit Petra are December and January.^ I visited Petra last month and looking through your gallery is just like relived the trip once again.
  • Petra-Jordan Photo Gallery by Mansour Mouasher at pbase.com 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In this time it is warm during the day and very cold in the evenings and at nights. That's why it is necessary to take coats, hats and gloves. .And it could warm up your visit there if you take a thermos with hot tea with you.^ Andy finally got there, Jodi picked up the kids so my mother could come in as well, and I was breathing and ready to give birth.

^ Though you ascend as high as the eagle, And though you set your nest amoung the stars, From there,I will bring you down",Says the Lord.
  • Reconstructing Petra | History & Archaeology | Smithsonian Magazine 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: General]

  • Wadi Rum, a stunning desert valley in southern Jordan, lies about an hour south of Petra.
This is a guide article. It has a variety of good, quality information including hotels, restaurants, attractions, arrival and departure info. Plunge forward and help us make it a star!

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Database error article)

From LoveToKnow 1911

(There is currently no text in this page)


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also petra

Contents

English

Etymology 1

.A feminine form of Peter, identical with Late Latin petra "stone"; came into regular use in the nineteenth century.^ In Petra they turned into stone.
  • Bits of Petra 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC bitsofpetra.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although the 363 earthquake destroyed half of the city, it appears that Petra retained its urban vitality into late antiquity, when it was the seat of a Byzantine bishopric.
  • The Petra Great Temple | History 18 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.brown.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Nabateans built Petra in the third century BCE. They took advantage of the breath-taking rock formations of the area and carved down into the stone to build their rose colored city.

Proper noun

Singular
Petra
Plural
-
Petra
  1. A female given name.
Translations
Related terms

Etymology 2

From Greek πέτρα (rock)

Proper noun

Singular
Petra
Plural
-
Petra
  1. an archeological site in Jordan, designated as World Heritage Site

Anagrams


Czech

Proper noun

Petra {{{g}}}
  1. A female given name, cognate to Petra

Danish

Proper noun

Petra
  1. A female given name, feminine of Peter.

Finnish

Proper noun

Petra (stem Petr-*)
  1. A female given name borrowed from German or Swedish; sometimes associated with dialectal Finnish petra.

German

Proper noun

Petra
  1. A female given name, feminine form of Peter.

Norwegian

Proper noun

Petra
  1. A female given name, feminine form of Peter.

Swedish

Proper noun

Petra
  1. A female given name, feminine form of Peter.

Bible wiki

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From BibleWiki

Meaning: rock
Isa 16:1, marg. (See Sela)
This entry includes text from Easton's Bible Dictionary, 1897.
what mentions this? (please help by turning references to this page into wiki links)

Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 29, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Petra, which are similar to those in the above article.








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