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Petronila
Queen of Aragon
Reign 1137 - 1164
Predecessor Ramiro II
Successor Alfonso II
Spouse Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona
Issue
Dulce, Queen of Portugal
Alfonso II of Aragon
Peter, Count of Cerdanya
Ramon Berenguer III, Count of Provence
Sancho, Count of Provence
Ramon, Archbishop of Narbonne
House House of Jiménez
Father Ramiro II of Aragon
Mother Agnes of Aquitaine
Born 29 June 1136(1136-06-29)
Huesca, Spain
Died 15 October 1173 (aged 37)
Barcelona, Spain
Burial Capilla Real, Granada, Spain
Charter by which Petronila abdicated in favour of her son Alfonso II of Aragon.

Petronila Ramírez (Huesca, 29 June 1136 – Barcelona, 15 October 1173),[1] whose name is also spelled Petronilla or Petronella (Aragonese Peyronela or Payronella,[2] and Catalan: Peronel·la), was Queen regnant of Aragon from 1137 until 1164. She was the daughter and successor of Ramiro II by Agnes of Aquitaine.

Petronila came to the throne through special circumstances. Her father, Ramiro, was bishop of Barbastro-Roda when his brother, Alfonso I, died heirless in 1134 and left the crown to the three religious military orders. Instead, the nobility of Aragon raised Ramiro to the throne. As king, he received a papal dispensation to abdicate from his monastic vows in order to secure the succession to the throne. King Ramiro the Monk, as he is known, married Agnes, daughter of Duke William IX of Aquitaine and Gascony, and through her produced an heiress, Petronila. At one year old, Petronila was bethrothed (Barbastro, 11 August 1137) to Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona. Immediately thereafter, Ramiro abdicated in favour of Petronila and Ramon Berenguer and returned to monastic life.

Petronila married Ramon Berenguer in 1150. Upon his death, Petronila renounced the crown of Aragon in favour of her eldest son, Ramon, who, in compliment to the Aragonese, changed his name to Alfonso. Her son was the first ruler of both Aragon and Catalonia (where he is known as Alfons I) thereby establishing the dynastic union between the two countries that lasted until the Crown of Aragon was dissolved in 1707. Alfonso II was seven years old when on 18 July 1164 Petronila abdicated. She died in Barcelona in 1173 and was buried at Barcelona cathedral. Her tomb has been lost.

Ancestry

Notes

  1. ^ Gran Enciclopedia Aragonesa
  2. ^ Ana Isabel Lapeña Paúl (2008): "Apéndice III. Ramiro II en la Crónica de San Juan de la Peña". Ramiro II de Aragón: el rey monje (1134-1137). Gijón: Trea. p. 298. ISBN 978-84-9704-392-2

References

  • Bisson, Thomas N. (2000). The Medieval Crown of Aragon: A Short History. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • Chaytor, Henry John. (1933). A History of Aragon and Catalonia. London: Methuan Publishing.
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Ramiro II
Queen of Aragon
1137–1164
Succeeded by
Alfonso II
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