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Petrus Filipsson (Latin Petrus Philippi) was Archbishop of Uppsala, Sweden 1332-1341. Some call him Peder Filipsson Röde.

He came from Uppland and was a son of the important high noble family of Rumby, being son of Sir Filip Finvidson of Rumby, called Filip Röde, and his wife, herself the daughter of Lord Karl Tjelveson of Fånö and his wife from the Lejonörn family. His relatives and forefathers were important magnates in Uppland, and they also are said to have descended from royal stock. His close forefathers and relatives had apparently in the previous century been the nucleus of the so-called Folkunge Party, several times in rebellion against kings centralizing government. Petrus' one uncle (John of Fånö) had been executed in 1280 and his own father, Sir Filip, only just spared his life, by paying immense monetary penalties. On the other hand, the family had then allied with central government, for example one of his sisters (Ingegerd Filipsdotter) married king Magnus III's illegitimate nephew.

Their ancestry, according to folk legend, included the Swedish King Canute I's daughter, Earl Birger Brosa, and also they appear to have been close relatives and allies of King Canute II's family.

Petrus had only a brief-period ecclesiastical career before he was elected Archbishop. Following his election, he travelled to Avignon, where the Pope John XXII was residing, to get ordained into the episcopal office.

He belonged to a monastic order because in 1337, he was ineligible to inherit secular property, as was Swedish law of that time, distinguishing between monks and priests (the latter were eligible to inherit).

In 1336 he crowned the King Magnus IV of Sweden in the capital Stockholm.

He had a disagreement with the Franciscan order. On behalf of the Pope, Paul, Archbishop of Nidaros, Norway, made a judgment on the matter. It led to a settlement between the two parties in 1339.

In 1341 Archbishop Petrus died and was buried in Sigtuna's Dominican church, today called Mariakyrkan.

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