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Phalangite is the Greek name for

Phalangites (also known as phalanges) had an advantage over other spearmen of ancient times due most notably to their massive sarissas. Under Alexander the Great the sarissas would have reached a length of 18 feet (5.5 m). They used a shield around 2 feet (60 cm) in diameter, and wore a breastplate and a helmet for armor. They also carried a dagger as a secondary weapon, but due to its length of around 10 inches (25 cm), it was rarely used in combat. Phalangites were nearly impregnable from the front because of the massive length of their spears, but they were tactically cumbersome and were vulnerable from the sides because a phalangite cannot turn fast with the giant sarissa.

See also

Sources

(incomplete)

  • Larousse (Encyclopaedia in French)

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