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Phalanthus astride a dolphin, nomos of Taranto, 510-500 BCE

In Greek mythology, Phalanthos (Φάλανθος) is a divine hero, the leader of the Spartan Partheniae and the mythical founder of Taranto. He is said to have been condemned to death by the ephors, but his erastes, Agathaidas, advised that it would be best for him to be pardoned.[1]


  1. ^ Gay studies from the French cultures: voices from France, Belgium, Brazil ... By Rommel Mendès-Leite, Pierre-Olivier de Busscher; p151
  • Pausanias, Travels (X, 10, 6-8 ; X, 13, 10).
  • Strabo, Geography (VI, 3, 2-3) =


  • (French) Jean Bérard, La colonisation grecque de l'Italie méridionale et de la Sicile dans l'Antiquité. L'histoire et la légende, Paris, 1957, p162-175.
  • (French) Marinella Corsano, « Sparte et Tarente : le mythe de fondation d'une colonie », dans Revue de l'histoire des religions 196, 2, 1979, p113-140.
  • (Italian) G. Maddoli, « Falanto spartiata », dans Mélange de l'École française de Rome 95, 1983, p555-564.
  • (Italian) Domenico Musti, Strabone e la Magna Grecia, Padoue, 1988, p151-172.
  • Irad Malkin, Myth and Territory in the Spartan Mediterranean, Cambridge, 1994
  • (French) Claudia Antonetti, « Phalanthos “entre Corinthe et Sycione” », dans Dialogues d'histoire ancienne 22/1, 1996, p65-78
  • Jonathan M. Hall, A History of the Archaic Greek World, ca. 1200-479 BCE, Blackwell, 2007, ISBN 0-631-22668-0, p111-114

See also


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