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In this Vietnamese name, the family name is Phan. According to Vietnamese custom, this person should properly be referred to by the given name Quat.

Dr. Phan Huy Quát (1908 - 1979) served as acting Prime Minister of the State of Vietnam and also as Prime Minister of the Republic of Vietnam.

Biography

On July 2, 1949, Dr. Phan Huy Quát was appointed Minister of Education by Head of State Bảo Đại.

On January 22, 1950, Prime Minister Nguyễn Phan Long appointed Dr. Quát Minister of Defense. He had only served briefly before the Cabinet was organized at which time he returned to working for the Đại Việt Quốc Dân Dảng.

Three years later, in June 1953, Prime Minister Nguyễn Văn Tâm, aka. "Tiger of Cai Lay", appointed Dr. Quát Minister of Defense. Quát would be in this position until 1954 when Prince Bửu Lộc became Prime Minister who appointed Quát Special Minister in charge of the democratization process for Vietnam. Dr. Quát then served briefly as an interim Prime Minister until Bảo Đại appointed Ngô Đình Diệm to the position.

On February 16, 1965, Quát was appointed by Air Marshal Nguyễn Cao Kỳ to form a new government after General Nguyễn Khánh was forced to step down as head of the government and re-assigned as ambassador to France.

In 1965, Nguyễn Cao Kỳ was appointed Prime Minister and Nguyễn Văn Thiệu became President by a special joint meeting of military leaders following the voluntary resignation of civilian President Phan Khắc Sửu. After leaving the Prime Minister post, Dr. Quát returned to his medical practice. He remained in politics until 1975 by working with the Asia Anti-Communist League (Liên Minh Á Châu Chống Cộng) as Chairman of its Vietnamese office.

After the Fall of Saigon, Dr. Quát went into hiding. In August 1975, he was arrested and jailed at Chí Hòa prison after a failed attempt to escape from Vietnam. It was there that he died of liver failure on April 27, 1979. The official report indicated that Dr. Quát died of "a stroke, heart attack and liver failure".

Preceded by
Nguyễn Xuân Oánh
Prime Minister of the Republic of Vietnam
1965
Succeeded by
Nguyễn Cao Kỳ

Links

References

  • Nghiem Ke To (August 20, 1954) (in Vietnamese). Việt Nam Máu Lửa [Vietnam, Blood and Fire]. Saigon: Vo Van Van. 
  • Doan Them (in Vietnamese). 1965:Viec Tung Ngay [1965:a day-by-day account]. Saigon: Pham Quang Khai. 
  • Doan Them (in Vietnamese). Hai Muoi Nam Qua 1945-1964:Viec Tung Ngay [Twenty Years Ago 1945-1964:a day-by-day account]. Saigon: Pham Quang Khai. 
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