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Philadelphia
—  City  —
From top left, the Philadelphia skyline, a statue of Benjamin Franklin, the Liberty Bell, the Philadelphia Art Museum, Philadelphia City Hall, and Independence Hall

Flag

Seal
Nickname(s): "Philly", "City of Brotherly Love","The Illadelph"[1][2],"The City that Loves you Back", "Cradle of Liberty", "The Quaker City", "The Birthplace of America","The City of Neighborhoods"
Motto: "Philadelphia maneto" ("Let brotherly love endure")
Philadelphia is located in the USA
Philadelphia
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 39°57′12″N 75°10′12″W / 39.95333°N 75.17°W / 39.95333; -75.17
Country United States
Commonwealth Pennsylvania
County Philadelphia
Founded October 27, 1682
Incorporated October 25, 1701
Government
 - Mayor Michael Nutter (D)
Area
 - City 135 sq mi (349.6 km2)
 - Land 127.4 sq mi (326.144 km2)
 - Water 7.6 sq mi (19.6 km2)
 - Urban 1,799.5 sq mi (4,660.7 km2)
 - Metro 4,629 sq mi (11,989 km2)
Elevation 39 ft (12 m)
Population (July 1st, 2008 (revised December 2, 2009))
 - City 1,540,351 (6th)
 Density 11,410/sq mi (4,405.4/km2)
 Urban 5,325,000
 Metro 5,838,471
 - CSA 6,385,461
 - Demonym Philadelphian
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 191xx
Area code(s) 215, 267
Website http://www.phila.gov
.Philadelphia (pronounced /ˌfɪləˈdɛlfiə/) is the largest city in Pennsylvania and the sixth-most-populous city in the United States.^ Twenty-five years after the death of Penn, Pennsylvania contained a population of one hundred thousand, and Philadelphia ten thousand inhabitants.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ By this Act Philadelphia became the largest city in territorial area in America, and second only to London in Europe" ["History of the Pennsylvania Railroad"] We have already mentioned the purchase of ground for the Fairmount Waterworks in 1812.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ During the months of August, September, October, and November, the deaths in the city amounted to 4,002 out of a population of 30,000 ["A Picture of Philadelphia," p.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

.In 2008, the population of the city proper was estimated to be over 1.54 million,[3] while the Greater Philadelphia metropolitan area's population of 5.8 million made it the country's fifth-largest.^ By this Act Philadelphia became the largest city in territorial area in America, and second only to London in Europe" ["History of the Pennsylvania Railroad"] We have already mentioned the purchase of ground for the Fairmount Waterworks in 1812.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ During the months of August, September, October, and November, the deaths in the city amounted to 4,002 out of a population of 30,000 ["A Picture of Philadelphia," p.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The city, which lies approximately 94 miles southwest of New York City, is the nation's fourth-largest urban area by population and its fourth-largest consumer media market as ranked by the Nielsen Media Research.^ The principal depots for the sale of cattle, sheep, and lambs are at the park Drove-yards, Thirty-second Street and Lancaster Avenue; the Abattoir; the Stockyard, Forty-fourth Street and Belmont Avenue; and the new Stockyards at Paschalville, in the southwest portions of the city.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Taking possession of the district lying between New York and a point south of the Delaware, they gave it the name of "New Netherland."

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

It is the county seat of Philadelphia County (with which it is coterminous). .Popular nicknames for Philadelphia include Philly and The City of Brotherly Love, from Greek: Φιλαδέλφεια, pronounced [pʰilaˈdelpʰeːa], Modern Greek: [filaˈðɛlfia], "brotherly love" from φίλος, (philos, love), and ἀδελφός (adelphos, brother).^ Philadelphia, or "Brotherly Love," was the name chosen for it.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ JOE (on TV) "Angela, we're standing in Philadelphia, the City of Brotherly Love, the birthplace of freedom, where our Founding Fathers authored the Declaration of Independence.
  • "Philadelphia", by Ron Nyswaner 28 January 2010 1:39 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: Original source]

A commercial, educational, and cultural center, the city was once the second-largest in the British Empire[4] (after London), and the social and geographical center of the original 13 American colonies. Ben Franklin took a large role in Philadelphia's early rise to prominence. .It was in this city that many of the ideas, and subsequent actions, gave birth to the American Revolution and American Independence, making Philadelphia a centerpiece of early American history.^ JOE (on TV) "Angela, we're standing in Philadelphia, the City of Brotherly Love, the birthplace of freedom, where our Founding Fathers authored the Declaration of Independence.
  • "Philadelphia", by Ron Nyswaner 28 January 2010 1:39 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: Original source]

It was the most populous city of the young United States, although by the first census in 1790, New York City had overtaken it. .Philadelphia served as one of the nation's many capitals during the Revolutionary War and after.^ Gettysburg - The Wheatfield - One of the bloodiest battle scenes during the war was the Wheatfield.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Gettysburg - Gettysburg National Military Park - many ghosts of civil war soldiers have been seen here including entire battles being observed by witnesses.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ York - Camp Security - This was a prison camp during the Revolutionary war, here British soldiers were kept.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

Following the ratification of the U.S. Constitution, it was the temporary national capital from 1790 to 1800 while Washington, DC was under construction.

Contents

History

"Penn's Treaty with the Indians" by Benjamin West.
Prior to the arrival of Europeans, the Philadelphia area was the location of the Lenape (Delaware) Indian village Shackamaxon.
Europeans arrived in the Delaware Valley in the early 1600s, with the first settlements founded by the Dutch, British and Swedish. .After Sweden's first expedition to North America embarked in late 1637, the Swedes took control of land on the west side of the Delaware River from just below the Schuylkill River: today's Philadelphia, southeast Pennsylvania, Delaware, and Maryland.^ Liberty Bell, the Italian Market, scenes along the Delaware and Schuylkill Rivers, Independence Square, the Russian Orthodox neighborhood, the ghettos of North Philly.
  • "Philadelphia", by Ron Nyswaner 28 January 2010 1:39 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Philadelphia - The old Penn Rynn Manor - Used to be the Biddle estate(as in Bailey, Banks and Biddle) It is right on the Delaware river.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

In 1644, New Sweden supported the Susquehannocks in their military defeat of the English province of Maryland. But 11 years later, the Dutch sent an army to the Delaware River, nominally taking control of the colony, though Swedish and Finnish settlers continued to have their own militia, religion, court, and lands. .The English conquered the New Netherland colony in October 1663–1664, but the situation did not really change until 1682, when the area was included in William Penn's charter for Pennsylvania.^ They constantly felt as though the walls were closing in, and did not realize that both of them were experiencing the same things until they talked in the car on their way out of there.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

In 1681, in partial repayment of a debt, Charles II of England granted William Penn a charter for what would become the Pennsylvania colony. .Despite the royal charter, Penn bought the land from the local Lenape to be on good terms with the Native Americans and ensure peace for his colony.^ A popular theory is that the land is cursed by Native Americans who lost their homes when the 'white man' invaded.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

[5] According to legend Penn made a treaty of friendship with Lenape chief Tammany under an elm tree at Shackamaxon, in what is now the city's Fishtown section.[6] .As a Quaker, Penn had experienced religious persecution and wanted his colony to be a place where anyone could worship freely despite their religion, and this extreme tolerance which led to significantly healthier relationships with the local Native tribes than most other colonies had, also encouraged the rapid growth of Philadelphia into America's most important city.^ I've never been inside of this place yet, but have heard other stories about it other than what I've seen with my own eyes.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Swiftwater - Swiftwater Inn - One of the most feared in its evolution, people from other states have heard of this paranormal place.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

.Penn named the city Philadelphia, which is Greek for brotherly love (philos, "love" or "friendship", and adelphos, "brother").^ JOE (on TV) "Angela, we're standing in Philadelphia, the City of Brotherly Love, the birthplace of freedom, where our Founding Fathers authored the Declaration of Independence.
  • "Philadelphia", by Ron Nyswaner 28 January 2010 1:39 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: Original source]

[7] Penn planned a city on the Delaware River to serve as a port and place for government. .Hoping that Philadelphia would become more like an English rural town instead of a city, Penn laid out roads on a grid plan to keep houses and businesses spread far apart, allowing them to be surrounded by gardens and orchards.^ Henryville - Henryville House Route 191 North - It is an old hotel that is currently out of business.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Philadelphia - Jeans Hospital - A few years ago Jeans Hospital was having financial difficulties and there were rumors that it would be bought out.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Carlisle - Carlisle Barracks - Flower Road houses - A lady in a green dress walks in and out of the houses on this road.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

.The city's inhabitants didn't follow Penn's plans and crowded by the Delaware River and subdivided and resold their lots.^ The city's inhabitants didn't follow Penn's plans and crowded by the Delaware River and subdivided and resold their lots.
  • Homes For Sale By Owner in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:39 UTC www.owners.com [Source type: News]

^ Penn planned a city on the Delaware River to serve as a port and place for government.
  • Homes For Sale By Owner in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:39 UTC www.owners.com [Source type: News]

^ Philadelphia, the largest city in Pennsylvania , is located in the southeast part of the state at the junction of the Schuylkill and Delaware Rivers.
  • Philadelphia, Pa. — Infoplease.com 28 January 2010 1:39 UTC www.infoplease.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[8] .Before Penn left Philadelphia for the last time, he issued the Charter of 1701 establishing Philadelphia as a city.^ You can return to the HotelGuide Philadelphia home page at any time by pressing on the "HotelGuide" button in the left margin of the page.
  • Philadelphia Hotels - Compare Hotels in Philadelphia and Read Reviews 28 January 2010 1:39 UTC philadelphia.hotelguide.net [Source type: General]

^ For earlier censuses (1850 and before), microform schedules for both Philadelphia City and Philadelphia County (which includes West Philadelphia and its political predecessors) are held.
  • Penn Library-Van Pelt/Microforms/Census Schedules 18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.library.upenn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Four-story Victorian in historic University City, with easy access to Philadelphia, only 15 minutes to Penns Landing.
  • Philadelphia Bed and Breakfast Hotels, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Inns - Bed and Breakfasts Online 18 September 2009 12:32 UTC www.bbonline.com [Source type: General]

.The city soon established itself as an important trading center, poor at first, but with tolerable living conditions by the 1750s.^ It was shut down for good in 1990 for poor living conditions and mistreatment of patients.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

.Benjamin Franklin, a leading citizen of the time, helped improve city services and founded new ones, such as one of the American Colonies' first hospitals.^ Well one such time the fraternity brother was climbing up the front of the building and fell to his death.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Haunted by Charlie, a confederate soldier who is a young boy, an Native American lady and the basement which was a morgue at one time.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Also, the door that leads to the poor, to which no one has the key was found open.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

.In pursuit of this aim, a number of important philosophical societies were formed: the Philadelphia Society for Promoting Agriculture (1785), the Pennsylvania Society for the Encouragement of Manufactures and the Useful Arts (1787), The Academy of Natural Sciences (1812), and the Franklin Institute (1824).^ Philadelphia - University of the Sciences - Osol Hall - was originally a Psychiatric Institute.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

[9] These set out to establish and finance new industries and attract skilled and knowledgeable emigrants from Europe.
Philadelphia's importance and central location in the colonies made it a natural center for America's revolutionaries. The city hosted the First Continental Congress before the war; the Second Continental Congress, which signed the United States Declaration of Independence, during the war; and the Constitutional Convention after the war. Several battles were fought in and near Philadelphia as well.
President's House, Philadelphia. This mansion at 6th & Market Streets served as the presidential mansion of George Washington and John Adams, 1790-1800.
Philadelphia served as the temporary capital of the United States, 1790-1800, while the Federal City was under construction in the District of Columbia.[10] .In 1793, one of the largest yellow fever epidemics in U.S. history killed as many as 5,000 people in Philadelphia, roughly 10% of the population.^ It had a population of about 1,000 people.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ There are many rumors that the church was used in the occult and that people and animals where killed there.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

[11]
The state government left Philadelphia in 1799 and the federal government left soon after in 1800, but the city remained the young nation's largest and a financial and cultural center. .New York City soon surpassed Philadelphia in population, but construction of roads, canals, and railroads helped turn Philadelphia into the United States' first major industrial city.^ Spring City - Pennhurst State Hospital Complex- parts of which have now been converted into a Veterans State Hospital by former Governor Ridge.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Pittsburgh - Dixmont - This asylum will soon be turned into a Wal-Mart.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Mars - Mars Railroad Station - At the turn of the 20th Century, when the station was still fairly new, a small cat lingered in the rooms where its owner worked.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

Throughout the 19th century, Philadelphia had a variety of industries and businesses, the largest being textiles. .Major corporations in the 19th and early 20th centuries included the Baldwin Locomotive Works, William Cramp and Sons Ship and Engine Building Company, and the Pennsylvania Railroad.^ Mars - Mars Railroad Station - At the turn of the 20th Century, when the station was still fairly new, a small cat lingered in the rooms where its owner worked.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ It is an actual tombstone of a Priest in the early 20th century who was rumored to have killed the woman who was impregnated by him.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The Wopsononock hotel and famous lookout burned in the early part of the 20th century and was never rebuilt.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

[12] Industry, along with the U.S. Centennial, was celebrated in 1876 with the Centennial Exposition, the first official World's Fair in the United States. Immigrants, mostly German and Irish, settled in Philadelphia and the surrounding districts. The rise in population of the surrounding districts helped lead to the Act of Consolidation of 1854 which extended the city of Philadelphia to include all of Philadelphia County.[13] In the later half of the century immigrants from Russia, Eastern Europe and Italy and African Americans from the southern U.S. settled in the city.[14] Between 1880 and 1930, the African American population of Philadelphia increased from 31,699 to 219,559.[15][16]
8th and Market Street, showing the Strawbridge and Clothier department store, 1910s.
By the 20th century, Philadelphia had become known as "corrupt and contented," with a complacent population and entrenched Republican political machine.[17] .The first major reform came in 1917 when outrage over the election-year murder of a police officer led to the shrinking of the Philadelphia City Council from two houses to just one.^ One day, the girl came to visit her mother and it was reported that she had been murdered by security officers, or something of the like.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

[18] In the 1920s, the public flouting of Prohibition laws, mob violence, and police involvement in illegal activities led to the appointment of Brigadier General Smedley Butler of the U.S. Marine Corps as director of public safety, but political pressure prevented any long-term success in fighting crime and corruption.[19]
The population peaked at more than two million residents in 1950, then began to decline. .Revitalization and gentrification of neighborhoods began in the 1960s and continues into the 21st century, with much of the development in the Center City and University City areas of the city.^ A hiking and biking trail called the Capital Area Green Belt leads into another entrance in the Edgemont area of the city.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Pittsburgh - Duquesne University - St. Ann's Living Learning Center - Room 409 - A boy walks into the room and throws things around the room.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

.After many of the old manufacturers and businesses had left Philadelphia or shut down, the city started attracting service businesses and began to more aggressively market itself as a tourist destination.^ Philadelphia, City services, or general information.
  • PHILA.GOV | Welcome to the City of Philadelphia 28 January 2010 1:39 UTC www.phila.gov [Source type: News]
  • PHILA.GOV | Welcome to the City of Philadelphia 28 January 2010 1:39 UTC www.phila.gov [Source type: News]
  • PHILA.GOV | Welcome to the City of Philadelphia 28 January 2010 1:39 UTC www.phila.gov [Source type: News]
  • November « 2008 « City of Philadelphia's Press Releases 18 September 2009 6:24 UTC cityofphiladelphia.wordpress.com [Source type: General]

^ The Philadelphia Museum of Art houses more than 225,000 works and is definitely worth visiting, as is the Reading Terminal Market – an eclectic outdoor bazaar.
  • Cheap Philadelphia Hotels - Discount Hotels in Philadelphia from Hotels Cheap 28 January 2010 1:39 UTC philadelphia.hotelscheap.org [Source type: General]

^ In the war against British importations, started in 1775, William Calverly, of this city, set about making American carpets, a local industry destined in time to fulfill the aim of its founder to such an extent that at the present day Philadelphia manufactures more carpets than the whole of Great Britain.
  • Philadelphia Firsts 1681-1899 18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.ushistory.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Glass-and-granite skyscrapers were built in Center City. .Historic areas such as Independence National Historical Park located in Old City and Society Hill were resuscitated during the reformist mayoral era of the 1950s through the 1980s and are now among the most desirable living areas of Center City.^ The Historical Society Library is located on the main floor and is open to the public.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Homer City - In this area there is an old logging road.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The back dinning room has had objects thrown across the room (this usually happens during the equinoxes) Moon Township - country club - The old banker who lived in this mansion, now haunts the residence which now stands as a country club.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

This has slowed the city's 40-year population decline after losing nearly one-quarter of its population.[20][21]

Geography

Topography

A simulated-color satellite image of Philadelphia taken on NASA's Landsat 7 satellite. The Delaware River is visible in this shot.
Philadelphia is located at 40° 00′ north latitude and 75° 09′ west longitude. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 142.6 square miles (369.3 km2), of which 135.1 square miles (349.9 km2) is land and 7.6 square miles (19.7 km2), or 5.29%, is water. .Bodies of water include the Delaware and Schuylkill Rivers, and Cobbs, Wissahickon, and Pennypack Creeks.^ Liberty Bell, the Italian Market, scenes along the Delaware and Schuylkill Rivers, Independence Square, the Russian Orthodox neighborhood, the ghettos of North Philly.
  • "Philadelphia", by Ron Nyswaner 28 January 2010 1:39 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: Original source]

.The lowest point is sea level, while the highest point is in Chestnut Hill, at approximately 445 feet (136 m) above sea level (near the intersection of Germantown Avenue and Bethlehem Pike).^ Camp Hill - Camp Hill High School - In the lower level of Camp Hill High School there is a small metal door that is about 3 feet off the ground.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

[22]
.Philadelphia is located on the Fall Line separating the Atlantic Coastal Plain from the Piedmont.^ It is located on the outskirts of city limits of Harrisburg on a 200 acre plot, most of which falls within Susquehanna Township lines.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

[23] The rapids on the Schuylkill River at East Falls disappeared after the completion of the Fairmount Dam.[24]
The city is the seat of its own county. .The adjacent counties are Montgomery to the north; Bucks to the northeast; Burlington County, New Jersey to the east; Camden County, New Jersey to the southeast; Gloucester County, New Jersey to the south; and Delaware County to the west.^ Looking to the east across the Delaware to Camden.

^ It is 176 miles wide from north to south and about 303 miles long from east to west, containing 45,215 square miles, of which 230 are covered by water.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Southeast Region 2 E. Main St. Norristown, PA 19401 Main Telephone: 484-250-5900 24-Hour Emergency: 484-250-5900 Counties: Bucks, Chester, Delaware, Montgomery and Philadelphia .

Climate

Philadelphia falls in the northern periphery of the humid subtropical climate zone. .Summers are typically hot and muggy, fall and spring are generally mild, and winter is cold.^ A major port, the city lies about 160 km (about 100 mi) inland from the Atlantic Ocean and is situated approximately halfway between New York City and Washington, D.C. It has hot humid summers and moderately cold winters.
  • Philadelphia (city, Pennsylvania) - MSN Encarta 18 September 2009 12:32 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Currently, we begin in the Spring and are able to raise multiple flocks of 50–60 chickens each throughout the summer and into fall.
  • Pennsylvania - Eat Wild 17 September 2009 2:17 UTC www.eatwild.com [Source type: General]

^ The climate can be characterized as continental, with cool summers and cold winters.
  • Ecoregions of Delaware, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia (EPA) - Encyclopedia of Earth 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC www.eoearth.org [Source type: Academic]

.Snowfall is variable, with some winters bringing only light snow and others bringing significant snowstorms.^ Mercer - West Middlesex - Hogback Road - Road is one of those roads that has winter snow removal on half, and none on the other.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

The average annual snowfall is 20.5 inches (52 cm). Precipitation is generally spread throughout the year, with eight to eleven wet days per month,[25] at an average annual rate of 42 inches (1068 mm).
January lows average 25 °F (−3.9 °C) and highs average 39 °F (3.9 °C). The lowest officially recorded temperature was −11 °F (−24 °C) on February 9, 1934,[26] but temperatures below 0 °F (−18 °C) occur only a few times a decade. July lows average 70 °F (21.1 °C) and highs average 86 °F (30.0 °C),[27] although heat waves accompanied by high humidity are frequent with highs above 95 °F (35 °C) and the heat index running as high as 110 °F (43 °C). .The highest recorded temperature was 106 °F (41 °C) on August 7, 1918.[26] Early fall and late winter are generally driest, with October being the driest month, averaging only 2.75 inches (70 mm) of precipitation, or 0.09 inches (2.3 mm) daily precipitation.^ Limerick - Limerick Power Generating Plant - When the plant was being constructed in the late 70's and early 80's, one of the workers was killed when he fell over 100 feet down an open elevator shaft in the unit 2 reactor part of the building.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

The snowiest winter has been the 2009-2010 winter season,[28] with 70.3 inches (179 cm) of snow so far. The least snowy winter was the 1972-1973 season, with only trace amounts of snowfall.[29] The city's heaviest single-storm snowfall (30.7 inches (78 cm)) occurred in January 1996.
Climate data for Philadelphia
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 74
(23)
79
(26)
87
(31)
95
(35)
97
(36)
102
(39)
104
(40)
106
(41)
102
(39)
96
(36)
84
(29)
73
(23)
106
(41)
Average high °F (°C) 39
(3.9)
42
(5.6)
51
(10.6)
62
(16.7)
72
(22.2)
81
(27.2)
86
(30)
84
(28.9)
77
(25)
66
(18.9)
55
(12.8)
44
(6.7)
63.3
(17.4)
Average low °F (°C) 25
(-3.9)
28
(-2.2)
35
(1.7)
44
(6.7)
55
(12.8)
64
(17.8)
70
(21.1)
69
(20.6)
61
(16.1)
49
(9.4)
40
(4.4)
31
(-0.6)
47.6
(8.7)
Record low °F (°C) -7
(-22)
-11
(-24)
5
(-15)
14
(-10)
28
(-2)
44
(7)
51
(11)
44
(7)
35
(2)
25
(-4)
8
(-13)
-5
(-21)
-11
(-24)
Precipitation inches (mm) 3.52
(89.4)
2.74
(69.6)
3.81
(96.8)
3.49
(88.6)
3.89
(98.8)
3.29
(83.6)
4.39
(111.5)
3.82
(97)
3.88
(98.6)
2.75
(69.9)
3.16
(80.3)
3.31
(84.1)
42.05
(1,068.1)
Snowfall inches (mm) 6.4
(162.6)
6.4
(162.6)
3.7
(94)
0.3
(7.6)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.6
(15.2)
3.4
(86.4)
20.8
(528.3)
Source: The Weather Channel[30] 2008-09-27
Source #2: Weatherbase.com [31] 2010

Cityscape

Panoramic view of the Philadelphia skyline from across the Delaware River in Camden, New Jersey.

Neighborhoods

Row houses in West Philadelphia.
.Philadelphia's neighborhoods are divided into large sections—North, Northeast, Northwest, West, South and Southwest Philadelphia—all of which surround Center City, which corresponds closely with the city's limits before consolidation in 1854. Each of these large areas contains numerous neighborhoods, some of whose boundaries derive from the boroughs, townships, and other communities that made up Philadelphia County before their absorption into the city.^ Perry County - Pandemonium - a state trooper stated she goes up there all the time for reports of goings on but there is nothing there.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ While they were digging they caused a large cave in that flooded nearly all of Miller Run the other side of the mountain was opened up into Chest Creek Mining Company where it meets with the old Miller Run min shaft.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ A hiking and biking trail called the Capital Area Green Belt leads into another entrance in the Edgemont area of the city.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

Other neighborhoods are defined more by ethnicity, religion, culture, or commercial reasons.[32]

Architecture

Philadelphia's architectural history dates back to Colonial times and includes a wide range of styles. The earliest structures were of logs construction, but brick structures were common by 1700. During the 18th century, the cityscape was dominated by Georgian architecture, including Independence Hall and Christ Church.
In the first decades of the 19th century, Federal architecture and Greek Revival architecture were dominated by Philadelphia architects such as Benjamin Latrobe, William Strickland, John Haviland, John Notman, Thomas U. Walter, and Samuel Sloan.[33] Frank Furness is considered Philadelphia's greatest architect of the second half of the 19th century, but his contemporaries included John McArthur, Jr., Addison Hutton, Wilson Eyre, the Wilson Brothers, and Horace Trumbauer. In 1871, construction began on the Second Empire-style Philadelphia City Hall. .Despite the construction of steel and concrete skyscrapers in the 1910s, '20s and '30s, the 548 ft (167 m) City Hall remained the tallest building in the city until 1987 when One Liberty Place was constructed.^ After the train stopped running the tracks remained until 1987 when they were removed and all that remains is a long dirt path that runs behind Penn Oak Rd.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The energy's also seem to not be concentrated in just one place, and move freely around the building.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Also, Old Botany is one of the oldest remaining buildings on campus, and there have been many stories of noises and sightings here.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

Numerous glass and granite skyscrapers were built from the late 1980s onwards. .In 2007, the Comcast Center surpassed One Liberty Place to become the city's tallest building and make Philadelphia one of only four American cities with two or more buildings over 900 feet.^ The one left hallway in the nursing home's main floor is the only place that seems to be haunted.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The energy's also seem to not be concentrated in just one place, and move freely around the building.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ There are 3 floors in the building, but tourists are only allowed on the first two.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

.For much of Philadelphia's history, the typical home has been the row house.^ Upon investigation into the history of the house it was discovered that the family upstairs had a daughter whom was very ill and died a very painful death at home in the attic.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

.The row house was introduced to the United States via Philadelphia in the early 1800s and, for a time, row houses built elsewhere in the United States were known as "Philadelphia rows".[34] A variety of row houses are found throughout the city, from Victorian-style homes in North Philadelphia to twin row houses in West Philadelphia.^ Middletown - Penn State Harrisburg - The new Penn State Harrisburg housing complex is built on an old sewage site.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ State College - The Lemont House - In the small town of Lemont (in state college), there are many large Victorian houses.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Sonestown - Hoot Rd/Main St. The sound of a man's footsteps in the attic of this early Victorian period house (built circa 1836) has been reported by many of it's past residents, along with mysterious voices.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

.While newer homes are scattered throughout the city, much of the housing is from the early 20th century or older.^ It is an actual tombstone of a Priest in the early 20th century who was rumored to have killed the woman who was impregnated by him.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The Wopsononock hotel and famous lookout burned in the early part of the 20th century and was never rebuilt.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Weatherly - Mrs. C. M. Scwab School - A gift to the town in the early 20th century from Charles Schwab, in honor of his wife.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

.The great age of the homes has created numerous problems, including blight and vacant lots in many parts of the city, while other neighborhoods such as Society Hill, which has the largest concentration of 18th-century architecture in the United States, have been rehabilitated and gentrified.^ Spring City - Pennhurst State Hospital Complex- parts of which have now been converted into a Veterans State Hospital by former Governor Ridge.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

[35][36]

Parks

The total parkland amounts to about 10,600 acres (135 sq. miles). Philadelphia's largest park, Fairmount Park, consists of 9,200 acres of this parkland. The total expenditures of the park in 2005 were $164 million. It is the single largest municipal park in the United States.

Culture

Independence Hall in Philadelphia
.Philadelphia is home to many national historical sites that relate to the founding of the United States.^ Cressson - Lemon House - This National Historic site at the summit of the Allegheny Portage Railroad was once a tavern and inn.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Butler County - McConnell's Mill State Park - The old Mill turned state park is home to many spirits who still roam the hills and Slippery Rock Creek.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Smithton (Van Meter) - Darr Mine - The Darr Mine was the site of a one of the worst Mining disasters in the United States, on Dec.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

Independence National Historical Park is the center of these historical landmarks. Independence Hall, where the Declaration of Independence was signed, and the Liberty Bell are the city's most famous attractions. .Other historic sites include homes for Edgar Allan Poe, Betsy Ross, and Thaddeus Kosciuszko, early government buildings like the First and Second Banks of the United States, Fort Mifflin, and the Gloria Dei (Old Swedes') Church National Historic Site.^ Schuylkill Haven - Rest Haven Nursing Home - Old Building - In the apartments are separate from the women’s building on the second floor.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ DuBois - DuBois Central Catholic (Old Building, now part of DRMC West) - One of the old Headmasters likes to shut out lights and mess with the doors.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Independence - John T. Anderson Cemetery - Off Service Creek Road there is a very old church and cemetery located along the banks of the Ambridge Reservoir.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

[37]
.Philadelphia's major science museums include the Franklin Institute, which contains the Benjamin Franklin National Memorial, the Academy of Natural Sciences, the Mütter Museum, and the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology.^ Philadelphia - University of the Sciences - Osol Hall - was originally a Psychiatric Institute.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

.History museums include the National Constitution Center, the Atwater Kent Museum of Philadelphia History, the National Museum of American Jewish History, the African American Museum in Philadelphia, the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, the Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons in the state of Pennsylvania and The Masonic Library and Museum of Pennsylvania and Eastern State Penitentiary.^ The Historical Society Library is located on the main floor and is open to the public.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ State College - Pennsylvania State University - Pollock Laptop Library (a study library on the east side of campus) - has someone wandering around in it.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Many visitors to and employees of the Historical Society museum have reported hauntings.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

.Philadelphia is home to the United States' first zoo and hospital, as well as to Fairmount Park, one of America's oldest and largest urban parks.^ Womelsdorf - The Stouch Tavern - One of the oldest continually operating taverns in the state built in 1785.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Philadelphia - Friends Hospital - Built in 1813 this building was the original patient quarters and home to the superintendent and his wife.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ State College - Pennsylvania State University - The basement of one of the dorms - holds the stuffed remains of Penn State's first mascot, Old Coaly the mule.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

Arts

.
Philadelphia sculptor James Peniston's Keys To Community in the Old City neighborhood, one of the city's many public artworks featuring Benjamin Franklin.
^ Also, Old Botany is one of the oldest remaining buildings on campus, and there have been many stories of noises and sightings here.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

Location: 39°57′09″N 75°08′47″W / 39.952414°N 75.146301°W / 39.952414; -75.146301
Two statues, The Amazon and Rocky, outside the Philadelphia Museum of Art.
.The city contains many art museums such as the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts and the Rodin Museum, the largest collection of work by Auguste Rodin outside of France.^ Grove City - PEW Fine arts center - During the 1970's a student fell from the cat walks of the theatre and died due to fall related injuries.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

.The city’s major art museum, the Philadelphia Museum of Art, is one of the largest art museums in the United States and features the steps made popular by the film Rocky.^ NO TRESPASSING Banning - Alliance Furnace - This was one of the last remaining iron furnaces in the Eastern United States.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Smithton (Van Meter) - Darr Mine - The Darr Mine was the site of a one of the worst Mining disasters in the United States, on Dec.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Philadelphia - The Civil War Library and Museum - Was feature on unsolved mysteries--net work tv.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

[38]
.The city is home to the Philadelphia Sketch Club, one of the country's oldest artists' clubs; and to a profusion of art galleries, many of which participate in the First Friday event.^ Also, Old Botany is one of the oldest remaining buildings on campus, and there have been many stories of noises and sightings here.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Philadelphia - Wissahickon Canoe Club - Originally a mill in the 1600's, this creek-side building is said to have many ghosts.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

.The first Friday of every month galleries in Old City are open late.^ In the first, 9 the penalty for a first offense was increased to life imprisonment, with the possibility of a flogging every three months during the first year.
  • The History of Sodomy Laws in the United States - Pennslvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC www.glapn.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Chapter 5 Old Philadelphia (1701-1766 Continued) [Top of Page] [Home Page] So late as the year 1760 Philadelphia continued to be an unpaved city.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The new City Hall, in Penn Square, was begun in August, 1871, and it is expected will be opened for use a few months from this date (1880).

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Annual events include film festivals and parades, the most famous being the New Year's Day Mummers Parade.^ The most famous ghost story associated with the prison is the hand print left in a cell by a man wrongfully accused of being a member of the Molly Maguires.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

.Areas such as South Street and Old City have a vibrant night life.^ Homer City - In this area there is an old logging road.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Allentown - Hamilton Street - The ghost of a young woman walks down this street late at night near the area where the old Hess's building had been.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

.The Avenue of the Arts in Center City contains many restaurants and theaters, such as the Kimmel Center for the Performing Arts, which is home to the Philadelphia Orchestra, generally considered one of the top five orchestras in the United States, and the Academy of Music, the nation's oldest continually operating venue, home to the Opera Company of Philadelphia and the Pennsylvania Ballet.^ Womelsdorf - The Stouch Tavern - One of the oldest continually operating taverns in the state built in 1785.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Bloomsburg - Bloomsburg University - Haas Center for the Arts - Ghost of an old ballet dancer who performed in Bloomsburg.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Edinboro - Center for the Performing Arts - The PAC is supposedly haunted by a ghost those in the theatre department have named Dorothy, after a theatre professor rumored to have died in her home not far from campus.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

[38]
.Philadelphia has more public art than any other American city.^ Philadelphia - General Wayne Inn - This inn is home to more than 17 ghosts including Hessians, a ghost wanting his wives picture, a old owner, and a ghost singing.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

[39] In 1872, the Fairmount Park Art Association was created, the first private association in the United States dedicated to integrating public art and urban planning.[40] In 1959, lobbying by the Artists Equity Association helped create the Percent for Art ordinance, the first for a U.S. city.[41] .The program, which has funded more than 200 pieces of public art, is administered by the Philadelphia Office of Arts and Culture, the city's art agency.^ Philadelphia first perfected the big-city political machine, which centers on bulk payments from utilities to the boss politician rather than small graft payments to individual office holders.

^ In other words, a citizen of Philadelphia is more than 35 times more likely to be murdered inside their city limits than anyone is to be killed by our PTSD suffering veterans.

^ Philadelphia has a murder rate of 17.3 and Detroit a rate of 47.3 The safest of our big cities with 257,000 residents is Plano, TX with a murder rate of 1.6, still more dangerous than hanging out with our veterans.

[42]
.In particular, Philadelphia has more murals than any other U.S. city, thanks in part to the 1984 creation of the Department of Recreation's Mural Arts Program, which seeks to beautify neighborhoods and provide an outlet for graffiti artists.^ Philadelphia - General Wayne Inn - This inn is home to more than 17 ghosts including Hessians, a ghost wanting his wives picture, a old owner, and a ghost singing.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

.The program has funded more than 2,800 murals by professional, staff and volunteer artists and educated over 20,000 underserved youth in neighborhoods throughout Philadelphia.^ Philadelphia - General Wayne Inn - This inn is home to more than 17 ghosts including Hessians, a ghost wanting his wives picture, a old owner, and a ghost singing.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

[43]
Philadelphia has had a prominent role in music. In the 1970s, Philadelphia soul influenced the music of that and later eras. On July 13, 1985, Philadelphia hosted the American end of the Live Aid concert at John F. Kennedy Stadium. .The city reprised this role for the Live 8 concert, bringing some 700,000 people to the Ben Franklin Parkway on July 2, 2005.[44] Philadelphia is also home to the world-renowned Philadelphia Boys Choir & Chorale, who have performed their music all over the world.^ Stateline - Stateline United Methodist Parsonage House - People who live in this house have unexplainable illness, Doors lock, black images and all kinds of sound have been heard.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ There was a house, which lived a women who said that she has been seeing a strange figure on a rowboat row by here house calling out to some strange name.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Edinboro - Lawrence Towers - On the 5th floor of Lawrence Towers A, it is rumored that a college student (music major) who lived in room 517 hung herself.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

Dr. Robert G. Hamilton, founder of the choir, is a famous Philadelphian. The Philly Pops is another famous Philadelphia music group. The city has played a major role in the development and support of American rock music and rap music. Hip-hop/Rap Artists such as The Roots, DJ Jazzy Jeff & The Fresh Prince, Beanie Segal, The Goats, Freeway, Schooly D, Eve, and Lisa "Left Eye" Lopes hail from Philadelphia.

Cuisine

Pat's Steaks in South Philadelphia.
The city is known for its hoagies, scrapple, soft pretzels, water ice, Tastykake, and is home to the cheesesteak. Its high-end restaurants include Le Bec-Fin and Morimoto, run by chef Masaharu Morimoto, who rose to prominence on the Iron Chef television show.

Sports

Philadelphia's professional sports teams date at least to the 1860 founding of baseball's Athletics. .The city is one of 13 U.S. cities to have all four major sports: the Philadelphia Eagles of the National Football League, the Philadelphia Flyers of the National Hockey League, the Philadelphia Phillies in the National League of Major League Baseball, and the Philadelphia 76ers in the National Basketball Association.^ Elizabeth - 13 Bends - It is said that there was an orphanage in the 1900's, and one day it burned down and all the children died.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

The city's professional teams went without a championship from 1983, when the 76ers won the NBA Championship, until 2008, when the Phillies won the World Series. .In 2004, ESPN ranked Philadelphia second on its list of The Fifteen Most Tortured Sports Cities.^ January 2004 update/ correction - The second most famous haunted place on campus, Schwab Auditorium is supposedly haunted by the ghost of President Atherton, the first president of the university.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

[45] The failure was sometimes attributed in jest to the "Curse of Billy Penn." Also, in recent years, Philadelphia sports teams have befallen to what John Smallwood of The Philadelphia Daily News called the "Curse of the Inauguration,"[46] an alleged curse on all Philadelphia sports teams for their inability to win a championship whenever they have gone to their league's finals during a presidential inaugural year,[46] dating back to the 76ers loss in the 1977 NBA Finals.
Major-sport professional sports teams that originated in Philadelphia but ultimately moved to other cities include the Golden State Warriors basketball team and the Oakland Athletics baseball team.
Philadelphia is home to professional, semi-professional and elite amateur teams in cricket and other sports. Major sporting events in the city include the Penn Relays, Stotesbury Cup, Philadelphia Marathon, Broad Street Run, Philadelphia International Championship bicycle race, and the Dad Vail Regatta.
.Philadelphia is home to the Philadelphia Big 5, a group of five Division I college basketball programs: Big 5 are Saint Joseph's University, University of Pennsylvania, La Salle University, Temple University, and Villanova University.^ State College - Pennsylvania State University - Pollock Laptop Library (a study library on the east side of campus) - has someone wandering around in it.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ State College - Pennsylvania State University - Old Botany - Closely related to Schwab Auditorium's stories, Old Botany may be haunted by the president's wife.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Philadelphia - Saint Mary's Annex at Saint Joseph's University - In this converted convent, located on the fringes of the Saint Joseph's campus, many ghostly nuns have been seen walking the halls.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

The sixth NCAA Division I school in Philadelphia is Drexel University. .At least one of the teams is competitive nearly every year and at least one team has made the NCAA tournament for the past four decades.^ Milford - Tom Quick Inn - Over a century old, the Victorian Tom Quick Inn, one of the historical hotels in Milford, has undoubtedly acquired at least a few spirits over the years.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The gates are locked and closed 24/7 because no one has been there in at least 30 to 35 years.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

In February 2008, Philadelphia beat several other cities in competition for the 16th Major League Soccer franchise. The Philadelphia Union will enter the league in 2010 calling PPL Park their home (a soccer-specific stadium) in Chester, Pennsylvania.
Club League Sport Venue Established Championships
Philadelphia Phillies MLB Baseball Citizens Bank Park 1883 1980, 2008
Philadelphia 76ers NBA Basketball Wachovia Center 1963 1966-67, 1982-83
Philadelphia Eagles NFL American Football Lincoln Financial Field 1933 1948, 1949, 1960
Philadelphia Flyers NHL Ice Hockey Wachovia Center 1967 1973–74, 1974–75
Philadelphia Union MLS Soccer PPL Park
(in Chester, PA)
2010 none
Philadelphia Independence WPS Women's Soccer PPL Park
(in Chester, PA)
2010 none
Philadelphia Wings NLL Arena Lacrosse Wachovia Center 1987 1989, 1990, 1994, 1995, 1998, 2001
Philadelphia KiXX NISL Arena Soccer Liacouras Center 1996 2001-02, 2006–07

Economy

Comcast Center, Philadelphia's newest office building and Pennsylvania's tallest building.
Philadelphia's economic sectors include manufacturing, oil refining, food processing, health care and biotechnology, tourism and financial services. According to a study prepared by PricewaterhouseCoopers, Philadelphia and its surrounding region had the fourth highest GDP among American cities, with a total GDP of $312 billion in 2005.[47] Only New York City ($1,133 billion), Los Angeles ($693 billion), and Chicago ($460 billion) had higher total economic output levels among American cities.[47] Philadelphia ranked below Tokyo ($1,191 billion), Paris ($460 billion), London ($452 billion), Osaka-Kobe ($391 billion), Mexico City ($315 billion), and above Washington, D.C. ($299 billion) and Boston ($290 billion).
The city is home to the Philadelphia Stock Exchange and several Fortune 500 companies, including cable television and internet provider Comcast, insurance companies Colonial Penn, CIGNA and Lincoln Financial Group, energy company Sunoco, food services company Aramark and Crown Holdings Incorporated, chemical makers Rohm and Haas Company and FMC Corporation, pharmaceutical companies Wyeth and GlaxoSmithKline, Boeing Rotorcraft Systems, and automotive parts retailer Pep Boys. Early in the 20th Century, it was also home to the pioneering brass era automobile company Biddle.[48]
The federal government has several facilities in Philadelphia. The city served as the capital city of the United States, before the construction of Washington, D.C. Today, the East Coast operations of the United States Mint are based near the historic district, and the Federal Reserve Bank's Philadelphia division is based there as well. Philadelphia is also home to the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania and the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit.
With the historic presence of the Pennsylvania Railroad, and the large ridership at 30th Street Station, Amtrak maintains a significant presence in the city. .These jobs include customer service representatives and ticket processing and other behind-the-scenes personnel, in addition to the normal functions of the railroad.^ Custom Weather Services In addition to this website, we provide a number of free and professional weather services.
  • Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (19019) Conditions & Forecast : Weather Underground 28 January 2010 1:39 UTC www.wunderground.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Marketplace Local Businesses • Ads / Classifieds • Coupons Advertise • Customer Service • Post a Job .
  • phillyBurbs.com:  Pennsylvania News 23 September 2009 1:29 UTC www.phillyburbs.com [Source type: News]

Baltimore Avenue towards Center City.
Philadelphia is an important center for medicine, a distinction that it has held since the colonial period. The city is home to the first hospital in the British North American colonies, Pennsylvania Hospital, and the first medical school in what is now the United States, at the University of Pennsylvania (Penn). Penn, the city's largest private employer, also runs a large teaching hospital and extensive medical system. There are also major hospitals affiliated with Temple University School of Medicine, Drexel University College of Medicine, Thomas Jefferson University, and Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine. Philadelphia also has three distinguished children's hospitals: Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, the nation's first pediatric hospital (located adjacent to the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania), St. Christopher's Hospital, and the Shriners' Hospital. In the city's northern section are Albert Einstein Hospital, and in the northeast section, Fox Chase Cancer Center. Together, health care is the largest sector of employment in the city. .Several medical professional associations are headquartered in Philadelphia.^ Pennsylvania (Philadelphia, Pittsburgh) ACLS Certification, Recertification & Renewal - Online Course & At Home Class for PA Medical Professionals .
  • Pennsylvania (Philadelphia, Pittsburgh) ACLS Certification, Recertification & Renewal - Online Course & At Home Class for PA Medical Professionals 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC www.aclsrecertificationonline.com [Source type: General]

With Philadelphia's importance as a medical research center, the region supports the pharmaceutical industry. GlaxoSmithKline, AstraZeneca, Wyeth, Merck, GE Healthcare, Johnson and Johnson and Siemens Medical Solutions are just some of the large pharmaceutical companies with operations in the region. The city is also home to the nation's first school of pharmacy, the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy, now called the University of the Sciences in Philadelphia.
Tourism is a major industry in Philadelphia, which was the 11th-most-visited city in the United States in 2008. It welcomed 710,000 visitors from foreign countries in 2008, up 29% from the previous year.[49]

Shopping

The Italian Market in South Philadelphia is a major Philadelphian landmark.
Shopping options in Center City include The Gallery at Market East, The Shops at Liberty Place, Jewelers' Row, South Street, and a variety of standalone independent retailers. Rittenhouse Row, a four block section of Walnut Street, has higher-end clothing chain stores as well as hipster-inspired clothing stores. The parallel streets of Sansom and Chestnut in this area have some high end boutiques and clothing retailers. Old City has some emerging boutiques from local, as well as international merchandisers. The Reading Terminal Market includes dozens of take-out restaurants, specialty food vendors, and small grocery store operators, a few of which are operated by Amish farmers from nearby Lancaster County.
Philadelphia also has a few eclectic neighborhood shopping districts, usually consisting of a few blocks along a major neighborhood thoroughfare, such as in Manayunk or Chestnut Hill. The Italian Market in South Philadelphia offers groceries, meats, cheeses and housewares, historically from Italy, but now from many nationalities. Two famed cheesesteak restaurants, Geno's and Pat's, are located nearby.
There are several large shopping malls and strip malls in the region, including Franklin Mills in Northeast Philadelphia, and many in the suburbs, most notably the King of Prussia Mall in King of Prussia, Pennsylvania, 19 miles from the heart of the city. The King of Prussia Mall is the largest shopping mall on the US East Coast[50] and the largest in the country in terms of leasable retail space.

Media

The Inquirer Building on North Broad Street.
Philadelphia's two major daily newspapers are The Philadelphia Inquirer and the Philadelphia Daily News, both of which are owned by Philadelphia Media Holdings L.L.C. The Philadelphia Inquirer, founded in 1829, is the third-oldest surviving daily newspaper in the United States.[51] The Bulletin, another newspaper that operates in Philadelphia, traces its history back to The Philadelphia Bulletin that went defunct in 1982. The Bulletin is locally owned by The Bulletin, Inc.
The first experimental radio license was issued in Philadelphia in August, 1912 to St. Joseph's College. The first commercial radio stations appeared in 1922: first WIP, then owned by Gimbel's department store, on March 17, followed the same year by WFIL, WOO, WCAU and WDAS.[52] The highest-rated stations in Philadelphia include soft rock WBEB, KYW Newsradio, and urban adult contemporary WDAS-FM. Philadelphia is served by three major public radio stations, WHYY-FM (NPR), WRTI (jazz, classical), and WXPN-FM (adult alternative music), as well as several smaller stations.
In the 1930s, the experimental station W3XE, owned by Philco, became the first television station in Philadelphia; it became NBC's first affiliate in 1939, and later became KYW-TV (CBS). WCAU-TV, WPVI-TV, WHYY-TV, WPHL-TV, and WTXF-TV had all been founded by the 1970s.[52] In 1952 WFIL (now WPVI), premiered the television show Bandstand, which later became the nationally broadcast American Bandstand hosted by Dick Clark.[53] Today, as in many large metropolitan areas, each of the commercial networks has an affiliate, and call letters have been replaced by corporate IDs: CBS3, 6ABC, NBC10, FOX29, Telefutura28, Telemundo62, Univision65, plus My PHL 17 and CW Philly 57. The region is served also by public broadcasting stations WYBE-TV (Philadelphia), WHYY-TV (Wilmington, Delaware and Philadelphia), WLVT-TV (Lehigh Valley), and New Jersey Network. In September 2007, Philadelphia approved a public access cable channel.
Rock stations WMMR and WYSP have traditionally been intense rivals. Since 2005, WMMR has played more music after a shift in WYSP's programming from rock (including controversial shock jock Howard Stern) to a Free FM format. WYSP has since returned to the classic rock format it shed in 1995. WYSP also broadcasts all Philadelphia Eagles games. WMMR's The Preston and Steve Show has been the area's top-rated morning show since Howard Stern left for Sirius Radio. In November 2008, WYSP launched a competing show hosted by Philadelphia native Danny Bonaduce. Both stations host regular live music and other events in throughout the region.
Four urban stations (WUSL ("Power 99"), WPHI ("100.3 The Beat"), WDAS and WRNB) are popular choices on the FM dial. WNUW is the city's Adult Contemporary station. The station had been home of "Smooth Jazz" WJJZ after the format was dropped from the 106.1 frequency (now WISX) but the format was dropped once again due to poor ratings.

Innovation

Philadelphia is home to many "first-in-America" institutions, including:[54][55]

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1790 28,522
1800 41,220 44.5%
1810 53,722 30.3%
1820 63,802 18.8%
1830 80,462 26.1%
1840 93,665 16.4%
1850 121,376 29.6%
1860 565,529 365.9%
1870 674,022 19.2%
1880 847,170 25.7%
1890 1,046,964 23.6%
1900 1,293,697 23.6%
1910 1,549,008 19.7%
1920 1,823,779 17.7%
1930 1,950,961 7.0%
1940 1,931,334 −1.0%
1950 2,071,605 7.3%
1960 2,002,512 −3.3%
1970 1,948,609 −2.7%
1980 1,688,210 −13.4%
1990 1,585,577 −6.1%
2000 1,517,550 −4.3%
Est. 2008 1,540,351 1.5%
As of the 2005-2007 American Community Survey conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau, White Americans made up 42.7% of Philadelphia's population; of which 39.4% were non-Hispanic whites. Blacks or African Americans made up 43.8% of Philadelphia's population; of which 43.0% were non-Hispanic blacks. American Indians made up 0.2% of the city's population. Asian Americans made up 5.4% of the city's population. Pacific Islander Americans made up less than 0.1% of the city's population. Individuals from some other race made up 6.2% of the city's population; of which 0.4% were non-Hispanic. Individuals from two or more races made up 1.6% of the city's population; of which 1.2% were non-Hispanic. In addition, Hispanics and Latinos made up 10.3% of Philadelphia's population.[56][57]
As of the census[58] of 2000, there were 1,517,550 people, 590,071 households, and 352,272 families residing in the city. The population density was 11,233.6/square mile (4,337.3/km²). There were 661,958 housing units at an average density of 4,900.1/sq mi (1,891.9/km²). As of the 2004 Census estimations, there were 1,463,281 people, 658,799 housing units, and the racial makeup of the city was 45.0% White, 43.2% African American, 5.5% Asian, 0.3% Native American, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 5.8% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.5% of the population. The top 5 largest ancestries include Irish (13.6%), Italian (9.2%), German (8.1%), Polish (4.3%), and English (2.9%).[59]
.Of the 590,071 households, 27.6% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.1% were married couples living together, 22.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.3% were non-families.^ I see children ages birth to 5yrs of age with their families in their homes and communities.

^ One family consisted of 4 children, all under the age of 5, and a lot of driving.
  • Nanny and Family Classifieds, Nanny Services Pennsylvania, PA 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC www.nannylocators.com [Source type: General]

^ Childcare Aged of new born, toddlers and older, live-in 40-50 hours.
  • Nanny and Family Classifieds, Nanny Services Pennsylvania, PA 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC www.nannylocators.com [Source type: General]

.33.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older.^ Stateline - Stateline United Methodist Parsonage House - People who live in this house have unexplainable illness, Doors lock, black images and all kinds of sound have been heard.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ I also wanted the art to have a bright, positive vibe to it in this year of shaky confidence (it is after all a free, all-ages, rain-or-shine deal).
  • invisibleman 17 September 2009 2:17 UTC invisibleman.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Help for individuals of any age who struggle as well as those looking for enhancement.

The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.22.
In the city, the population was spread out with 25.3% under the age of 18, 11.1% from 18 to 25, 29.3% from 25 to 45, 20.3% from 45 to 65, and 14.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. .For every 100 females there were 86.8 males.^ As far as we know there is a small child, three grown males and five grown females.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

.For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.8 males.^ As far as we know there is a small child, three grown males and five grown females.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

.The median income for a household in the city was $30,746, and the median income for a family was $37,036. Males had a median income of $34,199 versus $28,477 for females.^ Philadelphia Zip Code Map Estimated median household income in 2007: $35,365 (it was $30,746 in 2000) .
  • Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (PA) Detailed Profile - relocation, real estate, travel, jobs, hospitals, schools, crime, move, moving, houses news, sex offenders 18 September 2009 12:32 UTC www.city-data.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The per capita income for the city was $16,509. About 18.4% of families and 22.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.3% of those under age 18 and 16.9% of those age 65 or over.
As of 2008 more than 500,000 immigrants call the Philadelphia metropolitan area home.[60] More than one-fifth of these immigrants have arrived since 2000, resulting in an increase of 113,000 immigrants between the years 2000 and 2006.[60] This is nearly the same amount of immigrants that arrived during the decade of the 1990s, of which today comprise 10.9% of the city's population.[60] As reported by the Brookings Institution, the Philadelphia area is poised to re-emerge as a destination for immigrants, a longtime characteristic of the region that stalled in the mid-20th century.[60]
Philadelphia has the second largest Irish, Italian, and Jamaican populations and the fourth largest African American population in the nation. Philadelphia also has the fourth largest population of Polish residents. The Philadelphia's Jewish population, sixth largest in the nation, was estimated at 206,000 in 2001.[61]
In recent years, the Hispanic and Asian American populations have significantly increased. Hispanics have settled throughout the city, especially around El Centro de Oro. Philadelphia is home to the third largest Puerto Rican population in the United States. In recent years, many Mexican immigrants have come to areas around the Italian Market. There are an estimated 10,000 Mexicans living in South Philadelphia. Mexicans and Guatemalans also have settled in small communities in North Philadelphia, mainly in the Kensington neighborhood. Colombian immigrants have also come to the Olney neighborhood. In the year 2010, about 10 percent of Philadelphians are thought to be Hispanic.[citation needed]
The Asian population was once concentrated in the city's thriving Chinatown, but now Korean Americans have come to Olney, and Vietnamese have forged bazaars next to the Italian Market in South Philadelphia. Concentrations of Cambodian American neighborhoods can be found in North and South Philadelphia. Indians and Arabs have come to Northeast Philadelphia along with Russian and Ukrainian immigrants. This large influx of Asians has given Philadelphia one of the largest populations of Vietnamese, Cambodians, Chinese, Indonesians and Koreans in United States. The Philadelphia region also has the fourth largest population of Indian Americans. The West Indian population is concentrated in Cedar Park.[citation needed]
Also to note Canadians (French Canadians), Germans, Greeks, Chinese, Japanese, English, Welsh, Pakistanis, Iranians, Armenians, Turks, Swedes and also immigrants from the former Yugoslavia and Albania along with other ethnic groups can be found throughout the city.
There is a small Native American community known as Lenapehoking for Lenni-Lenape Indians of West Philadelphia.
Sticker by the Delaware Valley's Lenape Indians in 2008 claiming West Philadelphia is their home.

Government

City Hall illuminated with projected lights for the 2005 winter holidays.
From a governmental perspective, Philadelphia County is a legal nullity, as all county functions were assumed by the city in 1952, which has been coterminous with the county since 1854.
Philadelphia’s 1952 Home Rule Charter was written by the City Charter Commission, which was created by the Pennsylvania General Assembly in an Act of April 21, 1949, and a city ordinance of June 15, 1949. The existing City Council received a proposed draft on February 14, 1951, and the electors approved it in an election held April 17, 1951.[62] The first elections under the new Home Rule Charter were held in November, 1951, and the newly elected officials took office in January, 1952.[63]

Mayor and City Council

The city uses the "strong-mayor" version of the mayor-council form of government, which is headed by one mayor, in whom executive authority is vested. Elected "at-large," the mayor is limited to two consecutive four-year terms under the city's home rule charter, but can run for the position again after an intervening term. The current city mayor, having taken office in January 2008, is Michael Nutter, replacing John F. Street who served two terms from 1999 to the end of 2007. Nutter, as all Philadelphia mayors have been since 1952, is a member of the Democratic Party, which tends to dominate local politics so thoroughly that the Democratic primary for mayor is often more noticeable than the general mayoral election. The legislative branch, the Philadelphia City Council, consists of ten council members representing individual districts and seven members elected at large. The current council president is Anna C. Verna.

Philadelphia County Courts

The Philadelphia County Court of Common Pleas (First Judicial District) is the felony-level trial court of general jurisdiction for Philadelphia. It has 90 legally trained judges elected by the voters. It is funded and operated largely by city resources and employees. [64]
The Philadelphia Municipal Court handles matters of limited jurisdiction as well as landlord-tenant disputes, appeals from traffic court, preliminary hearings for felony-level offenses, and misdemeanor criminal trials. It has 25 legally trained judges elected by the voters. [65]
Philadelphia .Traffic Court is a court of special jurisdiction that hears violations of traffic laws.^ Justices and judges shall not engage in any activity prohibited by law and shall not violate any canon of legal or judicial ethics prescribed by the Supreme Court.
  • Constitution of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC sites.state.pa.us [Source type: Original source]

^ Until otherwise provided by law, the several courts of common pleas shall exercise the jurisdiction now vested in the present courts of common pleas.
  • Constitution of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC sites.state.pa.us [Source type: Original source]

^ Until otherwise provided by law, the Superior Court shall exercise all the jurisdiction now vested in the present Superior Court.
  • Constitution of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC sites.state.pa.us [Source type: Original source]

It has 7 judges elected by the voters. [66]

Pennsylvania appellate courts

Pennsylvania's three appellate courts also have sittings in Philadelphia. The Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, the court of last resort in the state, regularly hears arguments in Philadelphia City Hall. Also, the Superior Court of Pennsylvania and the Commonwealth Court of Pennsylvania sit in Philadelphia several times a year. .Judges for these courts are elected at large.^ Two judges in addition to the number now composing the said court shall be elected at the first general election after the adoption of this Constitution.
  • Constitution of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC sites.state.pa.us [Source type: Original source]

^ The judge first named shall be the president judge of said courts respectively, and thereafter the president judge shall be the judge oldest in commission; but any president judge, re-elected in the same court or district, shall continue to be president judge thereof.
  • Constitution of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC sites.state.pa.us [Source type: Original source]

^ Each division of the court of common pleas shall be presided over by an administrative judge, who shall be one of its judges and shall be elected for a term of five years by a majority vote of the judges of that division.
  • Constitution of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC sites.state.pa.us [Source type: Original source]

Each court has a prothonotary's office in Philadelphia as well.

Philadelphia Historical Commission

The Philadelphia Historical Commission was created in 1955 to preserve the cultural, social, political, economic and architectural history of the city. The commission maintains the Philadelphia Register of Historic Places, adding historic buildings, structures, sites, objects and districts as it sees fit.[67]

Philadelphia Housing Authority

The Philadelphia Housing Authority is the largest landlord in the entire Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Established in 1937, it is the nation’s fourth-largest housing authority, housing approximately 84,000 people and employing 1,250. In 2006, its budget was $313 million.[68]

Politics and elections

Presidential election results
Year Republican Democratic
2008 16.33% 117,221 83.01% 595,980
2004 19.3% 130,099 80.4% 542,205
2000 18.0% 100,959 80.0% 449,182
1996 16.0% 85,345 77.5% 412,988
1992 20.9% 133,328 68.2% 434,904
1988 32.5% 219,053 66.6% 449,566
1984 34.6% 267,178 64.9% 501,369
1980 34.0% 244,108 58.7% 421,253
1976 32.0% 239,000 66.3% 494,579
1972 43.4% 340,096 55.1% 431,736
1968 30.0% 254,153 61.8% 525,768
1964 26.2% 239,733 73.4% 670,645
1960 31.8% 291,000 68.0% 622,544
As of November 2008, there are 1,126,768 registered voters in Philadelphia.[69]
From the American Civil War until the mid-20th century, Philadelphia was a bastion of the Republican Party, which arose from the staunch pro-Northern views of Philadelphia residents during and after the war. After the Great Depression, Democratic registrations increased, but the city was not carried by Democratic Franklin D. Roosevelt in his landslide victory of 1932 (in which Pennsylvania was one of the few states won by Republican Herbert Hoover). .While other Northern industrial cities were electing Democratic mayors in the 1930s and 1940s, Philadelphia did not follow suit until 1951. That is, Philadelphia never had a "New Deal" coalition.^ Following this came the openings of the Delaware and Maryland, and the Delaware and the Raritan canals, which united Philadelphia by a network of water-ways with Baltimore on the one hand, and New York on the other.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Police - The Police force of Philadelphia is appointed and governed by the Mayor of the city.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ A few days after this useless demonstration, the British troops were marched to the lower part of the city, crossed the river in boats, and quitted Philadelphia, never to return.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

The city is now one of the most Democratic in the country, despite the frequent election of Republicans to statewide offices since the 1930s; in 2008, Democrat Barack Obama drew 83% of the city's vote.
Philadelphia once comprised six congressional districts. However, as a result of the city's declining population, it now has only four: the 1st district, represented by Bob Brady; the 2nd, represented by Chaka Fattah; the 8th, represented by Patrick Murphy; and the 13th, represented by Allyson Schwartz. All four are Democrats. Although they are usually swamped by Democrats in city, state and national elections, Republicans still have some support in the area; a Republican represented a significant portion of Philadelphia in the House as late as 1983. Pennsylvania's Democratic Senator, Arlen Specter, is from Philadelphia.

Crime

.Like many American cities, Philadelphia saw a gradual yet pronounced rise in crime in the years following World War II.^ View more photos (we have 124 pictures of Philadelphia, PA available)   Submit your own pictures of this city and show them to the World .
  • Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (PA) Detailed Profile - relocation, real estate, travel, jobs, hospitals, schools, crime, move, moving, houses news, sex offenders 18 September 2009 12:32 UTC www.city-data.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many years later Whitefield, saw through light of sober experience, how unwise and uncharitable he had been, and with ripened opinions made the following confession: I have carried high sail whilst running through a torrent of popularity and contempt.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ A happier choice could scarcely have been made, nor could many cities of the world supply a piece of ground so perfectly adapted to such a purpose.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

There were 525 murders in 1990, a rate of 31.5 per 100,000. There were an average of about 600 murders a year for most of the 1990s. The murder count dropped in 2002 to 288, then surged four years later to 406.[70] Out of the ten most populous cities in the United States in 2006, Philadelphia had the highest homicide rate at 27.7 per 100,000 people, though the number of murders decreased to 392 in 2007.[71]
In 2004, there were 7,513.5 crimes per 200,000 people in Philadelphia.[72] In 2005, Philadelphia was ranked by Morgan Quitno as the sixth-most dangerous among 32 American cities with populations over 500,000.[73] Among its neighboring Mid-Atlantic cities in the same population group, Baltimore and Washington, D.C. were ranked second- and third-most dangerous cities in the United States, respectively, and Camden, New Jersey, a city across the Delaware River from Philadelphia, was ranked as the most dangerous city in the United States.[74]
In 2008, Camden was the second-most dangerous city in the country, lower than its 2004 ranking, but still high for a city its size, while Philadelphia was ranked 22nd.[75]

United States Postal Service

The United States Postal Service operates post offices in Philadelphia. The main Philadelphia Post Office is at 3000 Chestnut Street in the University City district.[76][77] The facility here became Philadelphia's main post office on September 29, 2008, after the closure of the former main post office at 30th and Market Streets.[78]

Education

Education in Philadelphia is provided by many private and public institutions. The School District of Philadelphia runs the city's public schools. The Philadelphia School District is the eighth largest school district in the United States with 163,064 students in 347 public and charter schools.[79]
Philadelphia is one of the largest college towns in the United States and has the second-largest student concentration on the East Coast with over 120,000 college and university students enrolled within the city and nearly 300,000 in the metropolitan area. .There are over 80 colleges, universities, trade, and specialty schools in the Philadelphia region.^ Philadelphia - St. Dominic’s Catholic School - there is said to be a ghostly presence in the graveyard.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ During the week it was used as a free school under the name of The College Academy and Charitable School of Philadelphia."

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Delaware - Media - Williamson trade school - Longstreth Dorm - there is a hand print on the window, when wiped off it reappears.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

The city contains three major research universities: the University of Pennsylvania, Drexel University, and Temple University. Other institutions of higher learning within the city's borders include Saint Joseph's University, La Salle University, Peirce College, University of the Sciences in Philadelphia, The University of the Arts, Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, the Curtis Institute of Music, Thomas Jefferson University, Moore College of Art and Design, The Art Institute of Philadelphia, Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine, The Restaurant School at Walnut Hill College, Philadelphia University, Chestnut Hill College, Holy Family University, the Community College of Philadelphia and Messiah College Philadelphia Campus.
Philadelphia's famous Pennsylvania Main Line and western suburbs are home to other notable colleges and universities including Villanova University, Bryn Mawr College, Haverford College, and Swarthmore College.

Infrastructure

30th Street Station, with Cira Centre in the background and statues on the Market Street Bridge over Schuylkill River in the foreground.
Philadelphia is served by the Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority (SEPTA), which operates buses, trains, rapid transit, trolleys, and trackless trolleys throughout Philadelphia, the four Pennsylvania suburban counties of Bucks, Chester, Delaware, and Montgomery, in addition to service to Mercer County, New Jersey and New Castle County, Delaware. The city's subway, opened in 1907, is the third-oldest in America.
SEPTA's R1 Regional Rail line offers direct service to the Philadelphia International Airport.
Philadelphia's 30th Street Station is a major railroad station on Amtrak's Northeast Corridor, which offers access to Amtrak, SEPTA, and New Jersey Transit lines.
The PATCO Speedline provides rapid transit service to Camden, Collingswood, Westmont, Haddonfield, Woodcrest (Cherry Hill), Ashland (Voorhees), and Lindenwold, New Jersey, from stations on Locust Street between 16th and 15th, 13th and 12th, and 10th and 9th Streets, and on Market Street at 8th Street.

Airports

Two airports serve Philadelphia: the Philadelphia International Airport (PHL), straddling the southern boundary of the city, and the Northeast Philadelphia Airport (PNE), a general aviation reliever airport in Northeast Philadelphia. .Philadelphia International Airport provides scheduled domestic and international air service, while Northeast Philadelphia Airport serves general and corporate aviation.^ The General Assembly shall provide for the maintenance and support of a thorough and efficient system of public education to serve the needs of the Commonwealth.
  • Constitution of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC sites.state.pa.us [Source type: Original source]

^ Northeast Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (Airport) Updated: 6:54 PM EDT on September 12, 2009 .
  • Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (19019) Conditions & Forecast : Weather Underground 17 September 2009 16:28 UTC www.wunderground.com [Source type: Reference]

As of March 2006, Philadelphia International Airport was the 10th largest airport measured by "traffic movements" (i.e. takeoffs and landings), and is also a primary hub for US Airways.[80]

Roads

Aerial view showing the major highways circumscribing Philadelphia.
The Schuylkill Expressway, approaching Center City from the North.
Interstate 95 runs through the city along the Delaware River as a main north-south artery. The city is also served by the Schuylkill Expressway, a portion of Interstate 76 that runs along the Schuylkill River. It meets the Pennsylvania Turnpike at King of Prussia, Pennsylvania, providing access to Harrisburg, Pennsylvania and points west. Interstate 676, the Vine Street Expressway, was completed in 1991 after years of planning. A link between I-95 and I-76, it runs below street level through Center City, connecting to the Ben Franklin Bridge at its eastern end.
Roosevelt Boulevard and the Roosevelt Expressway (U.S. 1) connect Northeast Philadelphia with Center City. Woodhaven Road (Route 63), built in 1966, and Cottman Avenue (Route 73) serve the neighborhoods of Northeast Philadelphia, running between Interstate 95 and the Roosevelt Boulevard (U.S. 1). The Fort Washington Expressway (Pennsylvania Route 309) extends north from the city's northern border, serving Montgomery County and Bucks County. Route 30, extending east-west from West Philadelphia to Lancaster, is known as Lancaster Avenue throughout most of the city and through the adjacent Main Line suburb.
Interstate 476, commonly nicknamed the "Blue Route" through Delaware County, bypasses the city to the west, serving the city's western suburbs, as well as providing a link to Allentown and points north. Similarly, Interstate 276, the Pennsylvania Turnpike's Delaware River Extension, acts as a bypass and commuter route to the north of the city as well as a link to the New Jersey Turnpike to New York.
However, other planned freeways have been canceled, such as an Interstate 695 running southwest from downtown, two freeways connecting Interstate 95 to Interstate 76 that would have replaced Girard Avenue and South Street and a freeway upgrade of Roosevelt Boulevard.
The Delaware River Port Authority operates four bridges in the Philadelphia area across the Delaware River to New Jersey: the Walt Whitman Bridge (I-76), the Benjamin Franklin Bridge (I-676 and US 30), the Betsy Ross Bridge (Route 90), and the Commodore Barry Bridge (US 322). The Tacony-Palmyra Bridge connects PA Route 73 in the Tacony section of Northeast Philadelphia with New Jersey's Route 73 in Palmyra, Camden County, and is maintained by the Burlington County Bridge Commission.

Bus Service

Philadelphia is also a major hub for Greyhound Lines, which operates 24-hour service to points east of the Mississippi River. Most of Greyhound's services in Philadelphia operate to/from the Philadelphia Greyhound Terminal, located at 1001 Filbert Street in Center City Philadelphia. In 2006, the Philadelphia Greyhound Terminal was the second busiest Greyhound terminal in the United States, after the Port Authority Bus Terminal in New York. Besides Greyhound, six other bus operators provide service to the Center City Greyhound terminal. These are Bieber Tourways, Capitol Trailways, Martz Trailways, Peter Pan Bus Lines, Susquehanna Trailways, and the bus division for New Jersey Transit Other services include Megabus and Bolt Bus.

Rail

Suburban Station
Since the early days of rail transport in the United States, Philadelphia has served as hub for several major rail companies, particularly the Pennsylvania Railroad and the Reading Railroad. The Pennsylvania Railroad first operated Broad Street Station, then 30th Street Station and Suburban Station, and the Reading Railroad operated out of Reading Terminal, now part of the Pennsylvania Convention Center. .The two companies also operated competing commuter rail systems in the area, known collectively as the Regional Rail system.^ Canyon Livestock Company raises beef cattle under two different systems.
  • Pennsylvania - Eat Wild 17 September 2009 2:17 UTC www.eatwild.com [Source type: General]

The two systems today, for the most part still intact but now connected, operate as a single system under the control of the SEPTA, the regional transit authority. Additionally, Philadelphia is linked to southern New Jersey via the PATCO Speedline subway system.
Philadelphia, once home to more than 4,000 trolleys on 65 lines,[81] is one of the few North American cities to maintain streetcar lines. Today, SEPTA operates five "subway-surface" trolleys that run on street-level tracks in West Philadelphia and subway tunnels in Center City. SEPTA also recently reintroduced trolley service to the Girard Avenue Line, Route 15. The route is considered by some a "heritage" line, yet the use of rebuilt 1947 PCC streetcars was primarily for budgetary reasons, not a historic tribute.[citation needed]
Today, Philadelphia is a hub of the semi-nationalized Amtrak system, with 30th Street Station being a primary stop on the Washington-Boston Northeast Corridor and the Keystone Corridor to Harrisburg and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. 30th Street also serves as a major station for services via the Pennsylvania Railroad's former Pennsylvania Main Line to Chicago. 30th Street is Amtrak's third-busiest station in numbers of passengers as of fiscal year 2003. It is also a terminus of New Jersey Transit's Atlantic City Line.[82]

Telecommunications

Skyline at night.
Southeastern Pennsylvania was, at one time, served only by the 215 area code, beginning in 1947 when the North American Numbering Plan of the "Bell System" went into effect. The area covered by the code was severely truncated when area code 610 was split from 215. Today only the city and its northern suburbs are covered by 215. An overlay area code, 267, was added to the 215 service area in 1997. A plan to introduce area code 445 as an additional overlay in 2001 was delayed and later rescinded.[83]
Philadelphia is now also served by Wireless Philadelphia, a citywide initiative to provide Wi-Fi service. The Proof of Concept area was approved on May 23, 2007, and service is now available in many areas of the city; although discontinued by Earthlink.

Sister cities

Philadelphia has dedicated landmarks to its sister cities. Dedicated in June 1976, the Sister Cities Plaza, a one-half-acre site located at 18th and Benjamin Franklin Parkway, honors Philadelphia's relationships with Tel Aviv and Florence which were its first Sister Cities. Another landmark, the Torun Triangle, honoring the Sister City relationship with Toruń, Poland, was constructed in 1976, west of the United Way building at 18th Street and the Benjamin Franklin Parkway. The Triangle contains the Copernicus monument. The Chinatown Gate, erected in 1984 and crafted by artisans of Tianjin, China, stands astride the intersection of 10th and Arch Streets as an elaborate and colorful symbol of the Sister City relationship.

See also

References

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  28. ^ See North American blizzard of 2009 #Snowfall (December 19-20, 2009), First North American blizzard of 2010 #Snowfall (February 5–6, 2010), and Second North American blizzard of 2010 #Impact (February 9–10, 2010).
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  46. ^ a b Smallwood, John (January 21, 2009). "Curse of the inauguration". Philadelphia Daily News: p. 68. http://www.printthis.clickability.com/pt/cpt?action=cpt&title=John+Smallwood%3A+Philadelphia+sports+and+the+curse+of+the+inauguration&expire=&urlID=33748306&fb=Y&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.philly.com%2Fphilly%2Fsports%2Fsixers%2F20090121_John_Smallwood__Philadelphia_sports_and_the_curse_of_the_inauguration.html&partnerID=168506&cid=37988574. "History shows the inauguration ceremonies are typically bad omens for Philadelphia sports franchises." 
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External links


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania article)

From Wikiquote

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania is a major city in the United States. Philadelphia is important in the history of the founding of the United States.

Sourced

  • It is a handsome city, but distractingly regular. After walking about it for an hour or two, I felt that I would have given the world for a crooked street. The collar of my coat appeared to stiffen, and the brim of my hat to expand, beneath its Quakerly influence.

Unsourced

  • Here lies W. C. Fields. I would rather be living in Philadelphia.
  • Unlike New York, I like this Philadelphia amazingly, and the people in it. … I saw small steamboats, with their signs up - 'For Wissahickon and Manayunk 25 cents.' Geo. Lippard, in his Legends of Washington and his Generals, has rendered the Wissahickon sacred in my eyes, and I shall make that trip, as well as one to Germantown, soon…

External links

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has an article about:

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Philadelphia is a huge city with several district articles containing sightseeing, restaurant, nightlife and accommodation listings — consider printing them all.
Rocky statue outside the Philadelphia Museum of Art
Rocky statue outside the Philadelphia Museum of Art
.Philadelphia [1], located in southeastern Pennsylvania, on the southern fringe of the mid-Atlantic region, is the fourth-largest urban area in the United States and the country's sixth-largest city.^ By this Act Philadelphia became the largest city in territorial area in America, and second only to London in Europe" ["History of the Pennsylvania Railroad"] We have already mentioned the purchase of ground for the Fairmount Waterworks in 1812.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1862 the great "Cooper Shop Volunteer Refreshment Saloon," for the feeding of United States troops passing through the city, was inaugurated.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Government at Philadelphia at once issued a carefully worded proclamation of neutrality, which gave equal offence to the French and to their hot-headed sympathizers in the just United States.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Often referred to as "Philly," the city's metropolitan area encompasses twelve counties in Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Delaware.^ Steamboats began to ply regularly on the Delaware by 1808, in which year the "Phoenix," built in New Jersey, was successfully brought round to Philadelphia by sea.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The news came to Philadelphia by express at midnight, and the watchmen, when crying the hours as usual, roused the city by adding to their usual call of "Twelve o'clock and all's well!"

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

Districts

.Center City is the "downtown" section of Philadelphia.^ West Chester to Center City Philadelphia #211/215-567-5678 - 3* .
  • Pennsylvania Highways:  PA 1 - 50 17 September 2009 2:17 UTC www.pahighways.com [Source type: Reference]

.It is bounded by South Street to the south, the Delaware River to the east, the Schuylkill River to the west, and Vine Street to the north.^ Later this plan was again contracted, and the boundaries of the city were declared to be Vine and Cedar Streets to the north and south, and the two rivers to the east and west.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Liberty Bell, the Italian Market, scenes along the Delaware and Schuylkill Rivers, Independence Square, the Russian Orthodox neighborhood, the ghettos of North Philly.
  • "Philadelphia", by Ron Nyswaner 28 January 2010 1:39 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Those running from river to river are crossed at right angles by those running north to south; the latter being designated numerically from the Delaware as Front, Second, Third, and so on; and the intersecting streets from East to West bearing, as a general thing, the names of trees or persons.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The 2005 Center City population, at approximately 90,000, makes it one of the more populated central business districts in the United States.^ During the months of August, September, October, and November, the deaths in the city amounted to 4,002 out of a population of 30,000 ["A Picture of Philadelphia," p.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1862 the great "Cooper Shop Volunteer Refreshment Saloon," for the feeding of United States troops passing through the city, was inaugurated.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The force is assigned to one Central Station and 24 police districts.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

Center City East
Philadelphia's beautiful City Hall, the Convention Center, Chinatown, dining in Washington Square West, upscale designer shops, restaurants, and hotels in the business district, all at the very heart of this big city
Center City West
Philadelphia's main museums, Chestnut and Walnut shopping and dining districts, Rittenhouse Square, and a good portion of the central business district with its big skyscrapers stand here, west of City Hall
Old City
spanning the center of the city from 6th St to the waterfront, features the Liberty Bell, Constitution Hall, Independence Hall, as well as a burgeoning young artist and student community
South Philly
Rocky, one big open air Italian market, booming nightlife and dining on South Street, endless cheap dive bars, and the real original Philly cheesesteaks
North Philly
art museums, Northern Liberties, and Temple University
West Philly
University City around University of Pennsylvania
Upper North
the off-the-beaten-path upper north and northwestern reaches of the city
Northeast
the far northeastern part of town, home to Pennsylvania's most visited attraction, Franklin Mills Mall

Understand

.Philadelphia, often called the "Birthplace of America" and referred to as the "new Athens" early in its existence, is the birthplace of America's modern democracy.^ The news came to Philadelphia by express at midnight, and the watchmen, when crying the hours as usual, roused the city by adding to their usual call of "Twelve o'clock and all's well!"

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Founded by William Penn in the late 17th century, the city's name translates to "City of Brotherly Love" and has been a seat of freedom since its inception; originally founded by Quakers, the colony promoted religious freedom among its residents in stark contrast to the England of the time.^ JOE (on TV) "Angela, we're standing in Philadelphia, the City of Brotherly Love, the birthplace of freedom, where our Founding Fathers authored the Declaration of Independence.
  • "Philadelphia", by Ron Nyswaner 28 January 2010 1:39 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The low valuation of land within the city limits so late as the middle of the century is remarkable.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ It was a large marble house, built in the plain style of architecture which at that time and since has been characteristic of the Quaker city.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

History

.Known for its role in the American Revolutionary War, Philadelphia saw the convening of the Continental Congress as well as the writing of the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution.^ JOE (on TV) "Angela, we're standing in Philadelphia, the City of Brotherly Love, the birthplace of freedom, where our Founding Fathers authored the Declaration of Independence.
  • "Philadelphia", by Ron Nyswaner 28 January 2010 1:39 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It now holds a valuable collection of relics, including the original charter of the city of Philadelphia, with Penn's signature and the great seal of the State, and the Liberty Bell, now cracked and soundless, which rang forth the Declaration of American Independence.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The conduct of the Quakers during the American Revolutionary War is inexplicable, if viewed in connection with their earlier history.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Shortly after the nation's inception took place in Philadelphia, the city was named the nation's capital, a role it filled from 1790 until 1800, when Washington, D.C. took over.^ The President and Mrs. Washington arrived in Philadelphia on the 28th of November, and took possession of their new residence.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ A very elegant and refined circle led society in Philadelphia at this time, and the coming of Congress gave the city the air and tone of a capital.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Farmington - Fort Necessity National Battlefield - Phantom musket fire and the scalp-haloo of Indians at night where George Washington's first defeat took place in 1754.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

Benjamin Franklin, probably the city's most famous resident, was responsible for the city's alternative title, the "new Athens." .While Franklin's most famous experiment dealt with the conducting of electricity, he was also responsible for the country's first insurance company, the city's first public library and the first fire department; Franklin also played a great role in establishing the city's postal system as well as inventing new conveniences such as bifocal lenses and the Franklin Stove.^ This led to the formation of the first fire company.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Three years later we find him established in a considerable printing business of his own, and conducting "The Pennsylvania Gazette," the first paper of note produced in the colony.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The Society took its origin from Franklin's famous club, "The Junto," established in 1743.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Philadelphia has seen its skyline and its name in lights throughout the years in such famous films as the "Rocky" series, as well as films like namesake "Philadelphia" and many of Philadelphia native M. Night Shyamalan's thrillers.^ The decade comprised between the years 1834 and 1844 was marked by a series of riots and outrages which were in extraordinary contrast with the peaceful spirit usually prevalent in Philadelphia.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The Liberty Bell is located right in the center of Philadelphia inside of a pavilion near Independence Hall.^ It now holds a valuable collection of relics, including the original charter of the city of Philadelphia, with Penn's signature and the great seal of the State, and the Liberty Bell, now cracked and soundless, which rang forth the Declaration of American Independence.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Philadelphia - Saint Mary's Annex at Saint Joseph's University - In this converted convent, located on the fringes of the Saint Joseph's campus, many ghostly nuns have been seen walking the halls.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

.The Liberty Bell is a major piece in Philly's history.^ Liberty Bell, the Italian Market, scenes along the Delaware and Schuylkill Rivers, Independence Square, the Russian Orthodox neighborhood, the ghettos of North Philly.
  • "Philadelphia", by Ron Nyswaner 28 January 2010 1:39 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: Original source]

The Liberty Bell was rung to announce the news of the passage of the Catholic Emancipation Act of 1828 in Great Britain. .John Sartain in his book, Reminiscences of a Very Old Man, claims the Bell was cracked during this announcement: "The final passage of the Emancipation Act by the British Parliament is linked to a bit of Philadelphia history.^ Til this very day the owner Rick Allen will claim that his old barn is very much indeed haunted.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Independence - John T. Anderson Cemetery - Off Service Creek Road there is a very old church and cemetery located along the banks of the Ambridge Reservoir.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ New Milford - Old Mill Village - The ghost of a man, who is believed to be a past caretaker of the living history museum, has been seen by a few of the volunteers at the village.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

.On receipt of the news in Philadelphia the Liberty Bell in the tower of the State House was rung, and cracked in the ringing.^ The liberty bell was housed in the inn.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Middletown - Penn State Harrisburg - The new Penn State Harrisburg housing complex is built on an old sewage site.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ It now holds a valuable collection of relics, including the original charter of the city of Philadelphia, with Penn's signature and the great seal of the State, and the Liberty Bell, now cracked and soundless, which rang forth the Declaration of American Independence.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

.When I was up in the tower in 1830, two years after, viewing the cracked bell for the first time, Downing, who was then the custodian of Independence Hall, told me of it and remarked that the bell refused to ring for a British Act, even when the Act was a good one."^ At no time were we told that Officer Bell ever heard any statement made, whatsoever.

^ At various times they saw various aspects of someone who committed some act.

^ When walking through the actual buildings you can hear someone following you through the buildings even though no one is around, and at times you hear someone whispering the name of your friends.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

People

.The Philadelphia area's 6.2 million inhabitants comprise a diverse group of almost every nationality.^ Almost every day troops from the Southern Colonies passed through Philadelphia on their way to join the forces of Washington.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Philadelphia's primary cultural influences can be seen in its plethora of Irish pubs, the city's Italian Market, the Chinatown District, and the Reading Terminal which plays host to a diverse crowd of merchants - from first-generation European and Asian immigrants to the area's local Amish and Mennonite farmers.^ In 1740 he made a second visit to Philadelphia, but speedily involved himself in controversies with the leading people of the city, which had the effect to impair his influence.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Markets - The provision supply of Philadelphia is superior to that of most cities, and her markets have always had a wide celebrity.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

Economy

.Philadelphia's economy is as diverse as the population that inhabits the city.^ Twenty-five years after the death of Penn, Pennsylvania contained a population of one hundred thousand, and Philadelphia ten thousand inhabitants.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ During the months of August, September, October, and November, the deaths in the city amounted to 4,002 out of a population of 30,000 ["A Picture of Philadelphia," p.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The Philadelphia Stock Exchange, the oldest one in America, has been in operation since 1790. In addition the city is host to several Fortune 500 companies, including Comcast (one of the nation's largest cable television provider), CIGNA insurance, Aramark, and Lincoln Financial Group.^ His title to the lands included in the royal grant was such as is held valid by all nations; but Penn chose to add to it the additional right of a purchase from the Indian proprietors.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Womelsdorf - The Stouch Tavern - One of the oldest continually operating taverns in the state built in 1785.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The Philadelphia, the most important of the public libraries, is one of the oldest in the United States; and, so far as is known, was the first to inaugurate the lending system, now so prevalent.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Dating back to the city's roots as the nation's first capital, the federal's government presence is also strong in Philadelphia.^ You may also feel a strong presence when walking through the halls at night - almost as if you want to run back into your room.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Police - The Police force of Philadelphia is appointed and governed by the Mayor of the city.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ On the 24th of June, 1873, the formal transfer of the grounds was made in the presence of the representatives of the national Government.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The United States Mint is located near Philadelphia's historic district and the Philadelphia division of the Federal Reserve Bank is close to that.^ In the spring of 1799 the waterworks of Philadelphia were begun by the construction of a reservoir near the banks of the Schuylkill, and of an edifice of marble at the centre square as a receiving fountain.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Government at Philadelphia at once issued a carefully worded proclamation of neutrality, which gave equal offence to the French and to their hot-headed sympathizers in the just United States.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ This was granted; though subsequently the Supreme Court held the appropriation to be of the nature of a loan, to be repaid to the United States before any division of assets to the other stockholders was made.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Thanks to this governmental presence Philadelphia plays host to a large number of prestigious law firms and is considered one of the nation's centers of law.^ ASYLUMS AND HOMES The number of these charitable institutions in Philadelphia is very large.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The Pennsylvania Railroad, once the largest railroad company in the world, continues to influence Philadelphia's economy under the Amtrak name.^ By this Act Philadelphia became the largest city in territorial area in America, and second only to London in Europe" ["History of the Pennsylvania Railroad"] We have already mentioned the purchase of ground for the Fairmount Waterworks in 1812.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ In June, 1780, steps were taken at Philadelphia, under his influence, for the founding of a bank with the power to issue notes.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ "Morris had hitherto strongly advocated the claims of Philadelphia to be the permanent metropolis; and he now shrewdly concluded," President Duer observes, "that if the public offices were once opened in the city they would continue there, as but for the silent influence of the name of Washington, whose wishes on the subject were known, would have been the case."

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Amtrak's second-busiest station, 30th Street Station, is on the west bank of the Schuylkill River and employs many Philadelphians in customer service, engineering, accounting, and IT jobs at the station.^ The other cemeteries of Philadelphia are: West Laurel Hill, on the west bank of the Schuylkill; at Pencoyd Station, one hundred and ten acres.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Public Parks and Pleasure Grounds - Of these the largest and most important is Fairmount Park, which is situated on both banks of the River Schuylkill, and covers an extent of 2,740 acres.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1709 the first permanent market-house was erected in High Street, west of Second.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Finally, many medical schools, pharmaceutical companies, and medical technology firms make their homes in and around Philadelphia, arguably making it the nation's healthcare capital.^ It was his hope speedily to return to Philadelphia, and to make the colony his permanent home; but these hopes were baffled.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ A year later Congress returned to Philadelphia, which for the next decade served as the capital city of the nation.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

Climate

Philadelphia has a humid continental climate with four distinct seasons. Winters are cold and often snowy, with temperatures usually hovering around 32°F (0°C) during the colder months. .Average annual snowfall is 24 inches (59 cm) which is spread out mainly from December to March, but the area is sometimes hit by devastating blizzards that can dump up to half that total or even more on the city in one day, such as in 1996 when a single storm dumped 30.7 inches (78 cm) of snow on the city in just a couple days.^ While sledding in the winter, a witness reports a few times they had looked up at the top floor window, and saw what was clearly a Revolutionary Soldier looking out, and the area itself has the overall feeling of unrest and even dread.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The fact that he was not removed sooner is one more example of the Court's patience in hearing such accusations from a defendant that would anger the most patient of any Judge.

^ On one occasion, she even called out the name of David {one of the employees}, repeating the name twice in a haunting manner.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

Spring and fall are rather pleasant, with temperatures in the 60s and 70s F (15°C - 25°C). .Summers are hot and humid, and conditions can get quite unpleasant when the air temperature is near 90°F (32°C) and humidity is high.^ During one occurrence in the summer, two of the security guards hit a cold spot inside the store and no air conditioning was on.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Also if you go to the third floor on a hot summer day (they do not have air conditioning up there unless thier son is staying over) its really cold.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

Get in

By plane

.Philadelphia International Airport (PHL) [2] is the largest airport in the Delaware Valley, just minutes from the city and is served by taxis and the SEPTA R1 Regional Rail Line.^ A year later Congress returned to Philadelphia, which for the next decade served as the capital city of the nation.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

Taxis offer a flat rate of $28.50 from the airport to Center City. .The R1 railway line serves each terminal throughout the day until approximately midnight and takes about twenty minutes to travel between the airport and center city Philadelphia, making stops at all major commuter tunnel stations: 30th Street Station (Amtrak), Suburban Station (Penn Center, City Hall, Center City) and Market East Station (East Market Street, The Gallery, Pennsylvania Convention Center, Reading Terminal).^ The Committee was in session night and day at the City Hall in Chestnut Street .

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ All dwellings above Market Street are marked north, and all below it, south.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, south side of Spruce Street, between Thirty-fourth and Thirty-fifth, founded in 1871, opened partially for use in 1874.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Tickets for the R1 train can be purchased onboard the train, cash-only, for about $9. Alternately, the #37 SEPTA bus stops at all terminals (Directly outside baggage claim) and goes into South Philadelphia, terminating at the Broad Street Line subway station "Snyder."^ Its more valuable books and collections were then transferred to a splendid fireproof building on Broad Street, bequeathed to the Philadelphia Library on the condition that it should henceforth be known as the "Ridgeway Library."

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The story goes...there used to be railroad tracks at the bottom of the road and there was a school bus filled with children and their bus stalled on the railroad tracks and all the kids died.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ After the train stopped running the tracks remained until 1987 when they were removed and all that remains is a long dirt path that runs behind Penn Oak Rd.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

The trip costs $2 cash, payable to the driver.
The predominant carrier at PHL is US Airways [3], which offers flights to destinations throughout the US and Europe, as well as a handful to Latin America. Southwest [4] has become US Airways' main domestic competitor at PHL since 2004, and the two airlines constantly attempt to outbid each others fares on many trunk routes.
.Alternatively, you can fly to Newark International Airport (EWR) or Baltimore-Washington International Airport (BWI), each of which has a more or less direct connection by Amtrak to 30th Street Station (1 hour from EWR; 80 minutes from BWI).^ The Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore Railroad, whose depot is at Broad Street and Washington Avenue.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Other New York and Washington-area airports are much less convenient.^ Following this came the openings of the Delaware and Maryland, and the Delaware and the Raritan canals, which united Philadelphia by a network of water-ways with Baltimore on the one hand, and New York on the other.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Climate and Health - The salubrity of Philadelphia is exceptional, the mortality being 1 to every thousand persons less than that of Paris; and 7 to every thousand persons less than New York.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ On the 6th of April, 1789, General Washington was elected the first President of the United States, and on the 16th he left Mount Vernon for his inauguration in New York.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

However, PHL is not the only airport in Philadelphia. The city also has PNE, the Northeast Philadelphia Airport. PNE is Pennsylvania's 6th busiest airport. It opened in 1945, which was a great relief to the city, in which PHL (then called the Philadelphia Municipal Airport) was shut down

By train

.The city is a major hub along Amtrak's [5] Northeast Corridor and Keystone lines, with frequent trains (at least once an hour during the day) from some of the nation's largest cities.^ From November 1st to April 1st all the streets are cleaned once a week, and during the remainder of the year some streets are cleansed daily, some three times a week, some twice a week, and some weekly.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Because, that is what our system and the kind of constant battleground that we have during the course of every day in this city.

.Inbound trains from Washington and New York arrive at least once an hour during the day; 30th Street Station is also part of Amtrak's Acela High Speed Corridor which allows for faster travel times between the major Northeast Corridor cities.^ From November 1st to April 1st all the streets are cleaned once a week, and during the remainder of the year some streets are cleansed daily, some three times a week, some twice a week, and some weekly.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ During the time of the alleged shooting, Cynthia White, as an example, said that she saw someone running across the street.

^ Because, that is what our system and the kind of constant battleground that we have during the course of every day in this city.

.The Keystone and Pennsylvanian trains arrive in Philadelphia many times throughout the day, with Keystone service between Harrisburg and Philadelphia arriving between ten and fourteen times each day and Pennsylvanian service between Pittsburgh and Philadelphia arriving once each day.^ To this day, no matter how many times the four clocks are synchronized, they are still different times by at least five to ten minutes.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The orphans, at an age between fourteen and eighteen, it was directed, were to be bound out to suitable trades and occupations under the direction of the Mayor and Corporation of Philadelphia.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

Additionally, Amtrak provides service to Vermont, Virginia, Charlotte, and overnight service to Florida and New Orleans.
.It's also possible to get to Philadelphia from New York via commuter rail.^ Climate and Health - The salubrity of Philadelphia is exceptional, the mortality being 1 to every thousand persons less than that of Paris; and 7 to every thousand persons less than New York.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ In three years after its foundation Philadelphia had gained more than New York in half a century.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Following this came the openings of the Delaware and Maryland, and the Delaware and the Raritan canals, which united Philadelphia by a network of water-ways with Baltimore on the one hand, and New York on the other.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Using this method, one would take New Jersey Transit from Penn Station to Trenton and then transfer to SEPTA's R7 regional rail.^ The new City Hall, in Penn Square, was begun in August, 1871, and it is expected will be opened for use a few months from this date (1880).

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ I proposed (when the Secretary, a Welshman, refused to have it called New Wales,) Sylvania, and they added Penn to it, and though I much opposed it, and went to the King to have it struck out and altered, he said 't was past, and he would take it upon him .

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Now, whether or not one would be able to use some prior statements, to one extent he did by saying, "Didn't you sign something?"

.While this is about a third the price of Amtrak service from New York, it is more than an hour slower.^ In three years after its foundation Philadelphia had gained more than New York in half a century.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Climate and Health - The salubrity of Philadelphia is exceptional, the mortality being 1 to every thousand persons less than that of Paris; and 7 to every thousand persons less than New York.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ And, ladies and gentlemen, this is what this trial is all about more than any other trial I have ever seen, and certainly, more than any other I have been, because you, yourself, .

All SEPTA regional commuter lines stop at the SEPTA Platform at 30th Street Station. Commuter rail is an efficient way to see the scenic Philadelphia suburbs and enjoy the shopping that the city's 'burbs have to offer. .New Jersey transit to and from Atlantic City makes stops around the clock at the station.^ The arguments of the delegation or the news of the defences of the city had the effect to discourage the rioters, and they withdrew their force, making no attack.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ New Jersey who had stopped a car, who had actually stopped a car.

.SEPTA's Market-Frankford Elevated Line Subway stops just one block outside the station at a newly-renovated station and is efficient for travel between 30th Street, Old City, and West Philadelphia.^ The other cemeteries of Philadelphia are: West Laurel Hill, on the west bank of the Schuylkill; at Pencoyd Station, one hundred and ten acres.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The tavern is over 100 years old, and has always been a way station for travelers.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The scene of the festival was Walnut Grove, the residence of the Wharton family, on the Moyamensing Road, just outside the city limits.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

As a last resort, and most costly depending on destination, 30th Street Station has a taxi platform just outside the main entrance that is served by all major Philadelphia taxi companies. Several rental car agencies have cars at 30th St Station.

By car

.Philadelphia is located at the crossroads of many of the region's and the nation's most vital Interstates.^ Philadelphia - Saint Mary's Annex at Saint Joseph's University - In this converted convent, located on the fringes of the Saint Joseph's campus, many ghostly nuns have been seen walking the halls.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

Interstate 95 runs along the Eastern edge of Philadelphia as it traverses the East coast from Maine to Miami. .In addition, Philadelphia is linked to the Pennsylvania Turnpike which traverses the state from East to West.^ State College - Pennsylvania State University - Pollock Laptop Library (a study library on the east side of campus) - has someone wandering around in it.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Having thus a large river to the east and west, and fanned by strong currents of air, the situation of Philadelphia in point of healthfulness is most advantageous.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ US 30:  West Virginia state line to Philadelphia US 1:  Philadelphia to the New Jersey state line .
  • Pennsylvania Highways:  PA 1 - 50 17 September 2009 2:17 UTC www.pahighways.com [Source type: Reference]

The Northeast Extension of the Turnpike connects Philadelphia to the Poconos and Wilkes-Barre-Scranton. .Philadelphia is also served by Interstates 76 and 676, which connect directly to the New Jersey Turnpike and Atlantic City Expressway, and indirectly to the Garden State Parkway.^ Steamboats began to ply regularly on the Delaware by 1808, in which year the "Phoenix," built in New Jersey, was successfully brought round to Philadelphia by sea.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1623 or thereabouts they built Fort Nassau, near Gloucester, on the Jersey shore, opposite and about three miles from the present city of Philadelphia.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The Zoological Garden occupies a beautiful situation on the banks of the Schuylkill, within easy distance of the city, with which it is connected by two lines of street railway and by the Fairmount line of steamboats.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Within the city, Route 1 (also called the Roosevelt Expressway) as well as Roosevelt Boulevard serves as a connector for Northeast Philadelphia and Center City.^ Drinking-Fountains - Through the agency of the Philadelphia Fountain Society sixty-one public drinking-fountains have been established within the limits of the city.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ A year later Congress returned to Philadelphia, which for the next decade served as the capital city of the nation.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Of this labor a large proportion, as well as a large proportion of the expense, fell to the share of the city of Philadelphia.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

.There are also bridges across the Delaware River that link Philadelphia to New Jersey.^ New Jersey state line in Philadelphia.
  • Pennsylvania Highways:  PA 1 - 50 17 September 2009 2:17 UTC www.pahighways.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Following this came the openings of the Delaware and Maryland, and the Delaware and the Raritan canals, which united Philadelphia by a network of water-ways with Baltimore on the one hand, and New York on the other.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Steamboats began to ply regularly on the Delaware by 1808, in which year the "Phoenix," built in New Jersey, was successfully brought round to Philadelphia by sea.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Of these bridges are Tacony Palmyra Bridge (Route 73), the Betsy Ross Bridge (Route 90), the Benjamin Franklin Bridge (US 30) and the Walt Whitman Bridge (I-76).^ But the proprietary estate of these lordly brothers must still be exempt from taxation" [Parton's "Life and Times of Benjamin Franklin," vol.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Parking - It is important to consider that Philadelphia is a city of 1.4 million and the center of a metro area of 6 million, and as such, the roads are congested round-the-clock and the parking is far from cheap.^ The Philadelphia, the most important of the public libraries, is one of the oldest in the United States; and, so far as is known, was the first to inaugurate the lending system, now so prevalent.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The news came to Philadelphia by express at midnight, and the watchmen, when crying the hours as usual, roused the city by adding to their usual call of "Twelve o'clock and all's well!"

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Machinery Hall was built from appropriations made by the city of Philadelphia, its cost being, in round number, $550,000.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Should you choose to bring a car, check with your hotel about parking in the city.^ When the 10 minutes are up, you leave and go to a lighted place and you are able to see fingerprints on your car from the murdered children Montgomery County - Lorimer Park - Many apparitions have been seen here, especially in the winter months.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ When you drive up there at night, your car stalls.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Witches haunt the road and when you try to go back up the hill to leave your car feels like its being pulled backwards down the hill.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

.Legal street parking is available but is very difficult to find close to Center City attractions or hotels.^ PA 8 at Center Street in Oil City.
  • Pennsylvania Highways:  PA 1 - 50 17 September 2009 2:17 UTC www.pahighways.com [Source type: Reference]

.Secured parking garages can cost $10-$35 per day or higher in some cases.^ THE COURT: Unless you can show me some cases, we are just going to stay here and argue all day for nothing.

.In the historic district, there were several parking options under $20. Visitors should also be aware that the Philadelphia Parking Authority is renowned (even notorious) for its efficiency and PPA parking enforcement personnel are as quick to write tickets as they are unlikely to yield to a violator's plea for leniency.^ At the first intersection, under the street there is a tunnel used by the under ground rail road and it connects to several houses.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Phoenixville - Historical Seven Stars Inn - There are several spirits that have been sited on the grounds.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The prisoners are taught various handicrafts, they are allowed to write and receive letters under inspection of the officers, and a library of six thousand volumes is open for their use.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

Tickets that are not paid promptly quickly accumulate additional penalty fees. It is also worth mentioning that the only coins that the meters accept are dollar coins and quarters. .Putting other coins in the meter will not give you extra time.^ Among other things, she said, "I am not coming into court, and I am not going to give you my address."

^ And the fact that you have two, three, four, or ten people there that heard that exact same statement at that exact same time, you do not put all ten on, nor are you precluded from putting all ten on at trial.

^ Mary three times a Woman will come flying out of the house chasing you and will be crying, "Please...Please...give me my Baby" and if you refuse she will try to Kill you...
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

.Fortunately, depending on where you are in the city, a quarter can give you up to a half hour of parking.^ ANDREW You want me to give up?
  • "Philadelphia", by Ron Nyswaner 28 January 2010 1:39 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: Original source]

^ She asked and asked and asked for what seemed like over an hour, the kid never relented, and she finally eneded up taking the sticker and giving it to the other kid and at that point they were both bawling.
  • FARK.com: (3519832) Lest you forget, Hillary signed a pledge in September that Florida and Michigan wouldn't count. She was against counting them before she was for them 20 September 2009 19:52 UTC www.fark.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If I gave you an example, where someone is picked up ten hours later or even an hour later -- .

.However, in such busy places such as Chinatown and Center City, a quarter can get you a measly eight minutes of parking.^ When the 10 minutes are up, you leave and go to a lighted place and you are able to see fingerprints on your car from the murdered children Montgomery County - Lorimer Park - Many apparitions have been seen here, especially in the winter months.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ When you go at night, you put baby powder all over your car and drive to the center of the bridge and wait 10 minutes with no lights on.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ To physically get to the mansion, you must park along a creek and walk about 25 minutes through the woods and 2 open fields.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

Recently, a new parking method has been brought about in the city. .Although there are still parking meters throughout the city, some areas have a kiosk in which patriots can use bills (not just quarters!^ The rope the used is to be still there in the attic.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The second floor is closed off, however there is a window you can look up into and some say that you can still see the nanny hanging there with the baby looking at her.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Oil City - Oil Creek State Park - In the park there is a cemetary.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

) to print a ticket in which they leave on the dashboard.
.Traffic - In terms of congestion Center City Philadelphia compares favorably to most large US cities.^ The final adoption of the Act was celebrated in Philadelphia on the 4th of July, 1788, by the most magnificent procession ever known in the city.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1859 the demolition of these old buildings began, and most of them were pulled down, their place being taken by large separate buildings in different parts of the city.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Having thus a large river to the east and west, and fanned by strong currents of air, the situation of Philadelphia in point of healthfulness is most advantageous.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

Gridlock does occur, however, particularly during rush hour. .Traffic generally moves at the slowest pace in the Chinatown neighborhood, on the numbered streets west of Broad and in the South Street and Olde City areas on weekend evenings.^ The dimensions of this magnificent building are 470 feet from east to west by 486 1/2 feet from north to south, and the area covered by it is equal to about four and a half acres.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Homer City - In this area there is an old logging road.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Monument Cemetery, west side of Broad Street, between Montgomery Avenue and Diamond Street.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

Broad street is "nicely" congested. .The most heavily-travelled roads in the area are I-95, I-676/I-76 (The Schuylkill Expressway aka "The Surekill"), which connects Center City to the various suburbs west of the city, and I-476, the "Blue Route," which curves from the south to the west of Philadelphia, connecting I-95 with I-76 and, beyond that, the PA Turnpike.^ The other cemeteries of Philadelphia are: West Laurel Hill, on the west bank of the Schuylkill; at Pencoyd Station, one hundred and ten acres.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The dimensions of this magnificent building are 470 feet from east to west by 486 1/2 feet from north to south, and the area covered by it is equal to about four and a half acres.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Later this plan was again contracted, and the boundaries of the city were declared to be Vine and Cedar Streets to the north and south, and the two rivers to the east and west.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Rush-hour delays are common on all these roadways: During the a.m.^ With all these facilities, however, the privation of the colony during the first winter must have been great.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

rush-hour I-95 south-bound typically backs up between the Bridge St. and Girard Ave. exits and eastbound Rt. 76 (The Schuylkill Expressway)typically jams from Gladwynne to 30th Street. During the evening rush-hour, I-95 usually slows from the Bridge St. to Academy Rd. exits. On 676 and the west-bound Schuylkill traffic can be stop-and-go from roughly Broad St. potentially all the way to the so-called "Conshohocken Curve," just east of the town of the same name, effectively doubling the time it normally takes to drive from Center City to the PA Turnpike entrance at King of Prussia. .Anyone planning to drive through Philadelphia during either the am or pm rush hours would do well to anticpate the above-described traffic conditions and plan accordingly.^ Certainly through both direct and cross, as well as my own cross of that witness, showed her lack of credibility, I would suggest.

^ I ask you to look through all of this as well as any other strategy or tactics you have seen during the course of this whole particular trial and recognize it for what it is.

^ The news came to Philadelphia by express at midnight, and the watchmen, when crying the hours as usual, roused the city by adding to their usual call of "Twelve o'clock and all's well!"

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

.In 2009, there has been roadwork in the late p.m./early a.m.^ There was supposedly a train wreck in the late 1800’s or early 1900’s where the trail is now located.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

hours on I-76 and I-95, thus intensifying the traffic on those main routes.

By bus

.Philadelphia is served by the Greyhound, Trailways, Bieber, and Peter Pan bus routes to cities across the United States.^ CUT TO: AN INTERSECTION IN THE HEART OF OLD, DOWNTOWN PHILLY: A movie palace (now a six-plex) across the street from the Peter Pan Coffee Shop, PHILADELPHIA WORKERS going about the business of the day (EXT./DAY) ...
  • "Philadelphia", by Ron Nyswaner 28 January 2010 1:39 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1862 the great "Cooper Shop Volunteer Refreshment Saloon," for the feeding of United States troops passing through the city, was inaugurated.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Government at Philadelphia at once issued a carefully worded proclamation of neutrality, which gave equal offence to the French and to their hot-headed sympathizers in the just United States.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The city is also served by an exclusive "Chinatown Bus" service, which connects Philadelphia's Chinatown district to the Chinatown section of New York City and Washington D.C. The buses, though amazingly cheap in comparison to their more corporate competitors, are far from luxurious; they also use small terminals in both Chinatown districts, which can be daunting and undesirable for a first trip or any trip.^ And they haven't forgotten that Obama's name wasn't even on the ballot so counting those votes would be far more wrong than not counting them.
  • FARK.com: (3519832) Lest you forget, Hillary signed a pledge in September that Florida and Michigan wouldn't count. She was against counting them before she was for them 20 September 2009 19:52 UTC www.fark.com [Source type: Original source]

^ IN THE COMMON PLEAS COURT OF PHILADELPHIA FIRST JUDICIAL DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA CRIMINAL TRIAL DIVISION - - - .

.But if it's a bargain you're looking for, the Chinatown buses are by far the best one you'll find between the two cities.^ I can't say to them, "If you find one aggravating and two mitigating, the two mitigating outweigh the aggravating."

^ JUDGE GARNETT (to Joe) You're outnumbered four to one.
  • "Philadelphia", by Ron Nyswaner 28 January 2010 1:39 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "Except one or two brick houses on the corner of Eighth Street, you met no other house to Schuylkill."

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

  • Apex Bus, [6]. The New York City stop is at 88 East Broadway. The stop for Philadelphia is on 121 N 11th Street. .The ride is only about 1 hour and 30 minutes. $20 one way, $35 round-trip (from NYC).^ I don't know enough about water to say one way or another - but what is the nature of the bond?
    • FARK.com: (3519832) Lest you forget, Hillary signed a pledge in September that Florida and Michigan wouldn't count. She was against counting them before she was for them 20 September 2009 19:52 UTC www.fark.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The gates are locked and closed 24/7 because no one has been there in at least 30 to 35 years.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Bhasayate: I don't know enough about water to say one way or another - but what is the nature of the bond?
    • FARK.com: (3519832) Lest you forget, Hillary signed a pledge in September that Florida and Michigan wouldn't count. She was against counting them before she was for them 20 September 2009 19:52 UTC www.fark.com [Source type: Original source]

     edit
  • Today's Bus, [7]. The New York City stop is at 28 Allen St. The stop for Philadelphia is on 121 N 11th Street. No advance purchase is required. $12 each way (from NYC).  .'listing', 'Philadelphia');return false;" title="click to edit Today's Bus">edit
  • New Century Travel, [8].^ In three years after its foundation Philadelphia had gained more than New York in half a century.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .Offers service from both New York and Washington D.C. The New York City stop is at 88 East Broadway.^ On the 6th of April, 1789, General Washington was elected the first President of the United States, and on the 16th he left Mount Vernon for his inauguration in New York.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    The stop for Philadelphia is at 1015 Arch St. This bus is commonly called the "Chinatown Bus" because the pick up/drop off spot in Philadelphia is located in the outskirts of Chinatown and the likewise location in New York is also in Chinatown.
    $20 round-trip (from NYC).  .'listing', 'Philadelphia');return false;" title="click to edit New Century Travel">edit
  • Megabus, [9].^ In three years after its foundation Philadelphia had gained more than New York in half a century.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .Provides service from New York City; fares start at $1 when ordered far enough in advance.^ "It is diverting enough to see a Philadelphian in New York.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .Buses arrive and depart from the south side of John F Kennedy Boulevard, just west of 30th Street near 30th Street Station.  edit
  • BoltBus, [10].^ Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, south side of Spruce Street, between Thirty-fourth and Thirty-fifth, founded in 1871, opened partially for use in 1874.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Educational Home for Boys, Greenway Avenue, near Forty-ninth Street, West Philadelphia.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The Pennsylvania Hospital for the Insane (male department), between the Westchester and Haverford roads, west of Forty-third Street.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .Provides service from New York City; fares start at $1 when ordered far enough in advance.^ "It is diverting enough to see a Philadelphian in New York.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    Buses arrive and depart from 30th Street and Market Street, near 30th Street Station.
     edit
  • Bieber Tours, [11]. Provides roundtrip service from Philadelphia Bus Terminal to Allentown and other eastern Pennsylvania locations.  edit
If you buy tickets online, be sure to get on the right bus. .Some companies trick you into taking the wrong bus and then charge you again.^ The second floor is closed off, however there is a window you can look up into and some say that you can still see the nanny hanging there with the baby looking at her.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ CLOSE ON JOE, LOOKING DIRECTLY INTO CAMERA: JOE Would you take a client if you were constantly thinking: "I hope this guy doesn't touch me.
  • "Philadelphia", by Ron Nyswaner 28 January 2010 1:39 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If you ever get a chance to get to this area take a trip on either road and you may get a chance to run into her.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

By boat

The RiverLink and Freedom Ferry services [12] provide travel from Philadelphia to neighboring Camden, NJ between April and September. The service provides direct service to Camden's Susquehanna Bank Center on the Waterfront, a popular concert venue for the Philadelphia area. Access to the other waterfront attractions, including an aquarium, is also provided by the ferry service.

Get around

By foot

.Philadelphia is one of America's most walkable cities.^ The position of the city of Philadelphia is one of almost unrivalled advantage.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Gettysburg - Farnsworth House Inn - Considered by many to be one of the MOST haunted houses in America!
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The Philadelphia, the most important of the public libraries, is one of the oldest in the United States; and, so far as is known, was the first to inaugurate the lending system, now so prevalent.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

.This has been taken advantage of and Philadelphia is marked extremely well by "Walk!^ "Well, Doctor," said an English sympathizer to him in Paris, "Howe has taken Philadelphia."

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Philadelphia" signs that are placed on each block, sometimes only several feet apart, that guide visitors toward shopping, dining, gallery perusing, cultural enjoyment, local must-sees and public transportation should it need to be taken.^ In 1752 Philadelphia was still what its founder desired that it should be, a "green country place," extending a mile along the Delaware, and about half a mile back from its shores.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The city has two very walkable shopping districts as well as the walkable Benjamin Franklin Parkway, which is home to many museums, including the Franklin Institute and the Philadelphia Museum of Art that was made famous in the Rocky series of movies.^ A very elegant and refined circle led society in Philadelphia at this time, and the coming of Congress gave the city the air and tone of a capital.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Not long after Benjamin Franklin had commenced editor of a newspaper, he noticed with considerable freedom the public conduct of one or two influential persons in Philadelphia.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1739 the famous preacher, George Whitefield, made his first visit to Philadelphia.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

By bus

Phlash Bus - Philadelphia has a seasonal (May-October) trolley bus for tourists called the Phlash. .It runs in a 20-stop East-West circuit of major tourist locations, from the Museum of Art in the West to Penn's Landing in the East.^ Streets fifty feet in width run from north to south and from east to west, crossing each other at regular angles.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ After the train stopped running the tracks remained until 1987 when they were removed and all that remains is a long dirt path that runs behind Penn Oak Rd.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

Free for kids under 5 and for senior citizens 65 & up. It is $2 per ride or $5 for a one day pass. Look for the purple trolley bus or the winged purple & blue logo [13]. [14]
SEPTA Bus - SEPTA has an extensive bus network in Philadelphia. Cash fare is $2. tokens $1.45. Seniors ride free.

By train

Commuter rail

SEPTA Regional Rail [15] regional commuter rail trains stop in Center City at underground commuter rail tunnels. .The two major center city stops, Suburban Station and Market East Station, will drop you off right in the middle of it all.^ You may sort your results by School Name, City, In State, Out of State and Two or Four Year School fields.
  • Scholarships.com - Pennsylvania Colleges & Universities 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC www.scholarships.com [Source type: News]

^ Bentleyville - Bentworth Elementary Center - When the school was being built two years ago a roofer fell off the roof and died.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Later this plan was again contracted, and the boundaries of the city were declared to be Vine and Cedar Streets to the north and south, and the two rivers to the east and west.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Suburban Station is near City Hall, the shopping district, the financial district, and many cultural attractions; Market East Station connects to the Pennsylvania Convention Center, shopping at The Gallery ("Four blocks long, four stories high!"^ The Central Station is at the City Hall, from whence it has telegraphic communication with the district stations.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The divided authority caused by the subdivision of the city into many districts, all practically independent of each other, was a serious obstacle to the peaceful administration of the laws.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ An immense conservatory, with a gallery surrounding it, occupies the middle of the structure, flanked on either side by four forcinghouses each 100 feet long, and by a series of external galleries.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

) and the Reading Terminal Market, a famous local marketplace. Traveling within Center City is considered a "Zone 1" fare and will cost $3. Seniors ride for $1.
.New Jersey Transit RiverLINE [16] is a lightrail line serving 20 stations between Trenton and Camden, NJ. The line connects with DRPA's PATCO Hi-Speed Line as well as SEPTA's R7 Regional Rail line between Philadelphia and Trenton.^ Steamboats began to ply regularly on the Delaware by 1808, in which year the "Phoenix," built in New Jersey, was successfully brought round to Philadelphia by sea.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ It is supposed that this road, in connection with the Reading system of roads, will complete a through line to New York.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

.RiverLINE travels North-South along the Delaware River entirely in New Jersey.^ Liberty Bell, the Italian Market, scenes along the Delaware and Schuylkill Rivers, Independence Square, the Russian Orthodox neighborhood, the ghettos of North Philly.
  • "Philadelphia", by Ron Nyswaner 28 January 2010 1:39 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Steamboats began to ply regularly on the Delaware by 1808, in which year the "Phoenix," built in New Jersey, was successfully brought round to Philadelphia by sea.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Later this plan was again contracted, and the boundaries of the city were declared to be Vine and Cedar Streets to the north and south, and the two rivers to the east and west.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

.One-way fare between Trenton and Camden, NJ is $1.35. There are reduced fare options for senior citizens, children and families.^ The made there way to the widows house and made way with the money after one of the robbers was shot in the arm by the widows oldest son.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ There are two ways of remedying any defects - one is by doing the work at the expense of the contractors for street-cleaning, and the other by annulling the contract.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The gates are locked and closed 24/7 because no one has been there in at least 30 to 35 years.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

Monthly passes are available.

Subway

.SEPTA [17]operates two subway lines and a Subway-Surface line that serve Center City Philadelphia as well as the smaller neighborhoods on the city's fringe.^ The Zoological Garden occupies a beautiful situation on the banks of the Schuylkill, within easy distance of the city, with which it is connected by two lines of street railway and by the Fairmount line of steamboats.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ A year later Congress returned to Philadelphia, which for the next decade served as the capital city of the nation.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Of this labor a large proportion, as well as a large proportion of the expense, fell to the share of the city of Philadelphia.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Cash fares are $2, but one can buy tokens ($1.45) in packets of two, five or ten.^ Twenty-five years after the death of Penn, Pennsylvania contained a population of one hundred thousand, and Philadelphia ten thousand inhabitants.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Penn's orders were to "Lay out a town in the proportion of two hundred acres for every ten thousand sold, of which the purchasers of five hundred acres were to have ten."

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

Seniors ride free with ID.
.Broad Street (Orange) Line - sometimes called the Orange line - runs North-South underneath Broad Street, one of Philadelphia's two major streets.^ All dwellings above Market Street are marked north, and all below it, south.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Two years later, riots broke out in Kensington on the proposal to extend the track of the Philadelphia and Trenton Railroad along Front Street.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ PA 45 one-half mile north of Water Street.
  • Pennsylvania Highways:  PA 1 - 50 17 September 2009 2:17 UTC www.pahighways.com [Source type: Reference]

It serves Temple University, City Hall, the Sports Stadium Complex and everywhere in between. .The BSL also has a "spur" called the Broad-Ridge Spur that serves Chinatown and 8th & Market Streets in Center City.^ Its chief freight depots are at Delaware Avenue and Dock Street, Sixteenth and Market streets, Kensington, Broad Street, and Washington Avenue.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The city is divided at Market Street into North and South; all streets above and below being known as North Third, South Third, etc.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

Free transfers from the Broad Street Line to the Market-Frankford Line can be made at City Hall Station (BSS) to 15 St. (MFL); a free interchange with Subway-Surface Lines can be made at the City Hall station. Transfers from a subway to a bus or from a bus to a subway cost $0.75 and must be purchased before the bus or train leaves the station. This transfer is also required from the 8th St. Ridge Avenue spur to the 8th MFL station.
Market-Frankford (Blue) Line - sometimes called the Blue line or the "El" - runs North-South from the Frankford Transportation Center in Northeast Philadelphia to 2nd and Markets St., then East-West between 2nd and Markets St. and 69th Street Terminal in West Philadelphia. .The line runs underground beneath Market Street from 2nd to 45 Streets within Center City, Old City, and University City, and is elevated elsewhere.^ Bloomsburg - Bloomsburg University - Haas Center for the Arts - Ghost of an old ballet dancer who performed in Bloomsburg.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The city is divided at Market Street into North and South; all streets above and below being known as North Third, South Third, etc.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Additions were gradually made, until the line of market buildings extended in an unbroken line from the Delaware to Eighth Street and beyond.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

An interchange with the Broad-Ridge Spur is available at 8th Street Station; an interchange with SEPTA's Regional Rail is available at 11th St. to Market East Station, 15 St. to Suburban Station, and at 30 St. to the 30th Street Amtrak Station; a free interchange with the Broad Street Line is available at 15th Street Station. A free interchange with the Subway-Surface Lines is at 13 St. Station.
Subway-Surface Lines - sometimes called the Green line is actually a set of five streetcar lines: 10 (Lancaster), 11 (Woodland), 13 (Chester), 34 (Baltimore), and 36 (Elmwood). Each runs along a different Avenue in West Philadelphia, but all meet at a subway portal at 40 St. and Woodland Avenue (except the #10, which joins the subway at a portal at 36th St.) to run in a streetcar subway under the University of Pennsylvania and Drexel University to 30 St., then under Market Street from 30 to Juniper St, near 13 St. It shares 30th, 15th, and Juniper/13th St. stations with the MFL, but is the only subway stopping at 19th and 22nd Streets along Market St. There is a free interchange between the lines at all three shared stations. .There is no cross platform interchange because the MFL has high platforms, and the Subway-Surface has low platforms, and these have to be on the right side of the streetcar.^ There is no constitutional right to a .

^ New Castle - Coverts Crossing - in the early 1940's there was a girl that was on her way home from her high school prom and ended up driving off the side of the bridge on a stormy night.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The strangest experience they had was when they were in the basement where they forgot their sweater and no one else was there, because it was after hours.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

.PATCO Hi-Speed Line [18] operated by the Port Authority of Pennsylvania and New Jersey, travels between 16th and Locust Streets past 8th and Market Streets in Center City Philadelphia and Lindenwold Station in Southern New Jersey.^ Dispensaries - Philadelphia Dispensary, erected , in 1801, on Fifth Street, between Library and Walnut.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, south side of Spruce Street, between Thirty-fourth and Thirty-fifth, founded in 1871, opened partially for use in 1874.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The city is divided at Market Street into North and South; all streets above and below being known as North Third, South Third, etc.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

.PATCO runs underground in the city and rises above ground to cross over the Delaware River on the Benjamin Franklin Bridge.^ A few days after this useless demonstration, the British troops were marched to the lower part of the city, crossed the river in boats, and quitted Philadelphia, never to return.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Also, there are ghost lights seen under a bridge that runs over the Mahoning River.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Bridge Street, Delmorr Avenue, River Road, Delaware Avenue, Main Street, and Woodhaven Road .
  • Pennsylvania Highways:  PA 1 - 50 17 September 2009 2:17 UTC www.pahighways.com [Source type: Reference]

.It then runs underground in the center of Camden, then is above ground through the rest of its trip in New Jersey.^ Immediately after his arrival came the news of Washington's second defeat by Howe and his retreat through the Jerseys.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

There is no free interchange between SEPTA's subways or regional rail and the PATCO service. The PATCO line is the easiest way to access Camden, NJ's waterfront attractions, including the New Jersey State Aquarium and the Tweeter Center at the Waterfront concert venue. Fees for the service are based on the distance of travel. Those rates are as follows:
  • Lindenwold, Ashland & Woodcrest Stations: $2.45
  • Haddonfield, Westmont & Collingswood Stations: $2.15
  • Ferry Avenue (Camden) Station: $1.85
  • Broadway & City Hall (Camden) Stations: $1.15
  • For travel between all Pennsylvania stations: $1.15
  • For travel between all New Jersey stations: $1.30

By taxi

Taxis are regulated by the Philadelphia Parking Authority and display a medallion license on their hood. As a result, Go2Go does not serve Philadelphia and the surrounding area. All taxis are metered. Rates are $2.70 at flagfall and $2.30 per mile. There is also .50 cent gas surcharge. For trips from the airport, a flat rate, including fuel surcharge, of $28.50 applies. .An additional $1 per passenger ($3 maximum) after the first passenger will be charged on flat rate trips between the Airport and Center City for those passengers over the age of 12. Tipping for good service is common.^ They were erected in 1844 as independent waterworks by the commissioners of Spring Garden and the Northern Liberties, after an ineffectual protest at the high rates charged to the inhabitants of the district as compared with those of the city proper.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

By car

.Philadelphia is also home to PhillyCarShare [19] and Zipcar, where, after registering, you can book vehicles by the hour or day for significantly less than a rental car.^ Philadelphia - General Wayne Inn - This inn is home to more than 17 ghosts including Hessians, a ghost wanting his wives picture, a old owner, and a ghost singing.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Climate and Health - The salubrity of Philadelphia is exceptional, the mortality being 1 to every thousand persons less than that of Paris; and 7 to every thousand persons less than New York.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

PhillyCarShare has vehicles including Toyota Pruises, Volkswagen Beetles and Mini Coopers stationed at various locations called 'pods' around Philadelphia. .You first book online, and then use your personal key to unlock the vehicle and away you go.^ When you go at night, you put baby powder all over your car and drive to the center of the bridge and wait 10 minutes with no lights on.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ It's said to this day if you go to the park and sit on the swings and say anything bad about another person, you will be chased away from the park, hear footsteps in the woods behind that park, and hear a little girl sobbing.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Turn your attention, therefore, first to your remotest provinces, that, as you get rid of them, the next may follow in order.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Rental is $5.90 to $7.90 per hour, or approximately $50 for a full day, plus a few dollars booking fee and $0.09 per mile traveled.^ I worked sixteen hour days on a complaint for a 350 million dollar copyright infringement suit.
  • "Philadelphia", by Ron Nyswaner 28 January 2010 1:39 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Rubble-stone, 250 miles, Cost $1.50 The gravel roads cost nineteen cents per square yard.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

By trolley

SEPTA once operated many lines of trolleys and had been replacing them with buses. .However, the 15 line (running along Girard Avenue) has recently been renovated and vintage trolley cars are now in use on this route.^ Mary’s - Fourth Street - Back in the early years of the town, a railroad track used to sit where now a creek runs.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

.SEPTA has been studying which other (if any) routes on which to resume trolley service, as many miles of rail are still in place.^ In 1752 Philadelphia was still what its founder desired that it should be, a "green country place," extending a mile along the Delaware, and about half a mile back from its shores.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ You can still visit the cemetery and se her grave as well as many, many, others.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

.Philadelphia is a huge city, so all individual listings should be moved to the appropriate district articles, and this section should contain a brief overview.^ The divided authority caused by the subdivision of the city into many districts, all practically independent of each other, was a serious obstacle to the peaceful administration of the laws.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Machinery Hall was built from appropriations made by the city of Philadelphia, its cost being, in round number, $550,000.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Public Schools - The public schools of Philadelphia are supported by taxation, and are conducted for the benefit of all residents of the city.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

Please help to move listings if you are familiar with this city.

Public art

Much of Philadelphia's art requires not a dollar to see and not a building to enter. .Philadelphia has the largest collection of public art in America, courtesy of the city's innovative Mural Arts Program [20], designed to stop graffiti and enliven the city's buildings.^ By this Act Philadelphia became the largest city in territorial area in America, and second only to London in Europe" ["History of the Pennsylvania Railroad"] We have already mentioned the purchase of ground for the Fairmount Waterworks in 1812.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Its more valuable books and collections were then transferred to a splendid fireproof building on Broad Street, bequeathed to the Philadelphia Library on the condition that it should henceforth be known as the "Ridgeway Library."

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The building contains twelve strong vaults securely guarded, and a cabinet containing the largest and most valuable collection of coins in the United States.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Other public art of note includes the many glass mosaics found throughout the city; a sampling of this great public art can be seen on South Street east of Broad.^ Hospital of Protestant Episcopal Church, south-east corner of Lehigh Avenue and Front Street, occupying a square of ground.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, south side of Spruce Street, between Thirty-fourth and Thirty-fifth, founded in 1871, opened partially for use in 1874.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts is a fine fireproof building, two hundred and sixty feet in depth by one hundred in width, on the corner of Broad and Cherry streets.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Center city Philadelphia offers many public statue displays.^ Public Schools - The public schools of Philadelphia are supported by taxation, and are conducted for the benefit of all residents of the city.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Drinking-Fountains - Through the agency of the Philadelphia Fountain Society sixty-one public drinking-fountains have been established within the limits of the city.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

."The Clothespin" is a sculpture by Claes Oldenburg that resembles a clothespin located just across from City Hall on West Market Street.^ Beth el Emeth (Jewish), corner of Fisher's Avenue and Market Street, West Philadelphia.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1709 the first permanent market-house was erected in High Street, west of Second.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Later this plan was again contracted, and the boundaries of the city were declared to be Vine and Cedar Streets to the north and south, and the two rivers to the east and west.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

.LOVE Park, serving as a terminus between City Hall and the museum-laden Benjamin Franklin Parkway, features a famous LOVE statue that has come to represent the brotherly love that Philadelphia was founded on.^ JOE (on TV) "Angela, we're standing in Philadelphia, the City of Brotherly Love, the birthplace of freedom, where our Founding Fathers authored the Declaration of Independence.
  • "Philadelphia", by Ron Nyswaner 28 January 2010 1:39 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Not long after Benjamin Franklin had commenced editor of a newspaper, he noticed with considerable freedom the public conduct of one or two influential persons in Philadelphia.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Machinery Hall was built from appropriations made by the city of Philadelphia, its cost being, in round number, $550,000.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The site once was the city's (and perhaps the nation's) most popular skating attraction until new legislation and remodeling efforts outlawed skating in the park.^ Cressson - Lemon House - This National Historic site at the summit of the Allegheny Portage Railroad was once a tavern and inn.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Until this formal announcement foreign nations could not be asked to participate; so the most strenuous efforts were made to bring matters to this important point.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Just across the JFK Boulevard from City Hall at the Municipal Services Building, visitors can find many larger than life game pieces from popular board games as well as a statue of former mayor Frank Rizzo.^ It is DEFINITELY illegal to actually be in the tunnels or the morgue, as well as any other buildings that are boarded up or locked.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ To this day there have been sightings of the ghost on the elevation from which he had fallen from as well as many "cool" spots in a building which is anything but cool.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

.More statues can be found throughout Fairmount Park [21] along Kelly Drive on east side of the Schuykill River.^ Public Parks and Pleasure Grounds - Of these the largest and most important is Fairmount Park, which is situated on both banks of the River Schuylkill, and covers an extent of 2,740 acres.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Subsequently the city purchased the Lemon Hill and other properties, to secure the river from contamination, and formed what is now Fairmount Park.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ If you drive through the bridge and park in the middle facing the side farthest from the mill you will see his ghost.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

.Sculptures by Remmington can be found on the path, while several sculptures by Alexander Milne Calder can be found in Laurel Hill Cemetery [22], which is located just off the paved walking path.^ The other cemeteries of Philadelphia are: West Laurel Hill, on the west bank of the Schuylkill; at Pencoyd Station, one hundred and ten acres.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Middletown - old cemetery - its said that if u walk around the brick wall that surrounds the graveyard 3 times you will get pushed off the third time around.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Independence - John T. Anderson Cemetery - Off Service Creek Road there is a very old church and cemetery located along the banks of the Ambridge Reservoir.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

.
  • Philadelphia Museum of Art, 26th Street and Benjamin Franklin Parkway, +1 215 763-8100, [23].^ Not long after Benjamin Franklin had commenced editor of a newspaper, he noticed with considerable freedom the public conduct of one or two influential persons in Philadelphia.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    Tu-Th, Su 10AM-5PM, F 10AM-8:45PM. .Famous on the outside for the steps seen in the film "Rocky" and famous on the inside for one of the world's largest collections of art, the Philadelphia Museum of Art is home to many rotating collections as well as a standard selection of pieces always on display.^ Granted the difficult facts which he had to overcome from the evidence, which he was well aware of for many, many months, one would wonder whether .

    ^ One weekend after coming home from a trip the lid to the hot tub was removed and the kitchen door was mysteriously open with nothing missing from inside.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ His presence is still seen and felt by many teachers as well as some of the students throughout the school.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    .In addition, the PMA is opening a new exhibition space in the Perelman Building on Pennsylvania Ave which will display sculpture, costumes, textiles, prints, photographs, and design. $14 adults, $12 seniors, $10 students, AAA discount $1. First Sunday of the month pay what you wish.
    ^ Chapter 10 The Centennial Exhibition [Top of Page] [Home Page] The clock which struck the close of the first century of American independence sounded with the selfsame note the signal for the opening of the year of the Centennial Exhibition.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Within this building, which was the first reached from the principal entrances, were the exhibits of all nations; and it naturally formed the chief feature as well as the chief interest of the Exhibition.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ So you tell me, today, there's no danger, and I go home, and I hold my baby, and six months from now I hear on the news: "whoops!
    • "Philadelphia", by Ron Nyswaner 28 January 2010 1:39 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: Original source]

     .'see', 'Philadelphia');return false;" title="click to edit Philadelphia Museum of Art">edit
  • Academy of Natural Sciences, 1900 Benjamin Franklin Parkway, +1 215 299-1000, [24].^ Not long after Benjamin Franklin had commenced editor of a newspaper, he noticed with considerable freedom the public conduct of one or two influential persons in Philadelphia.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The Academy of Natural Sciences, Nineteenth and Rose streets, with a large and valuable collection.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    M-F 10AM-4:30PM, Sa-Su 10AM-5PM. Not just a natural history museum, this institution also has an active research arm and library. .Highlights of the museum include a 2-story dinosaur exhibit, a butterfly walk-through area, and a children's nature center with live animals.^ Various versions of the story describe in some way her apparition climbing over your car, or walking through your car.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Pittsburgh - Duquesne University - St. Ann's Living Learning Center - Room 409 - A boy walks into the room and throws things around the room.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    .It is the oldest natural science research institution and museum in the Americas. $10 adults, $8 children/seniors/ military/students, AAA discount $1.
    ^ New Bloomfield - Carson Long Military Institute - There have been stories told by the students there that things in their rooms have been moved.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

     .'see', 'Philadelphia');return false;" title="click to edit Academy of Natural Sciences">edit
  • The African-American Museum in Philadelphia, 701 Arch St, +1 215 574-0380, [25].^ The Academy of Natural Sciences, Nineteenth and Rose streets, with a large and valuable collection.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Philadelphia heads all other American cities in the accomodation provided for the poor man, and has thereby earned the honorable title of "The City of Homes."

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    Tu-Sa 10AM-5PM. Built to preserve, interpret, and exhibit achievements of African Americans. $8 adults, $6 children/seniors.  .'see', 'Philadelphia');return false;" title="click to edit The African-American Museum in Philadelphia">edit
  • Atwater Kent Museum of Philadelphia History, 15 South 7th St, +1 215 685-4830, [26].^ Philadelphia heads all other American cities in the accomodation provided for the poor man, and has thereby earned the honorable title of "The City of Homes."

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    W-Sa 1PM-5PM. .This museum, "where history inspires the future," is located just around the corner from the Liberty Bell and Independence Hall, features a hands-on and comprehensive history of America's "birthplace" and founding city.^ It now holds a valuable collection of relics, including the original charter of the city of Philadelphia, with Penn's signature and the great seal of the State, and the Liberty Bell, now cracked and soundless, which rang forth the Declaration of American Independence.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In 1859 the remaining independent companies were bought out, and the whole service, with the exception of the gasworks of the Northern Liberties, brought under the control of the city.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    Unique to the museum is a "walkable" map of the region on the floor of the museum. .In minutes, you can walk between suburban Montgomery County and the heart of Philadelphia in center city! $5 adults, $3 seniors/children, free for children under 12.
    ^ The evils of this system led at last to the consolidation into one municipality and under one charter of the entire county of Philadelphia in 1854.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ When the 10 minutes are up, you leave and go to a lighted place and you are able to see fingerprints on your car from the murdered children Montgomery County - Lorimer Park - Many apparitions have been seen here, especially in the winter months.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Grove City - PEW Fine arts center - During the 1970's a student fell from the cat walks of the theatre and died due to fall related injuries.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

     .'see', 'Philadelphia');return false;" title="click to edit Atwater Kent Museum of Philadelphia History">edit
  • Independence Seaport Museum, Penn's Landing, +1 215 925-5439, [27].^ His title to the lands included in the royal grant was such as is held valid by all nations; but Penn chose to add to it the additional right of a purchase from the Indian proprietors.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "It was not for the love of the land, but from the love of the water that I desired it," says the mild Penn; but it is easy to see how essential to the fortunes of the infant colony was the possession of this outlet to the sea.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    Daily 10AM-5PM. .This museum has lots of interesting displays regarding the maritime history of Philadelphia, from colonial times through the days of slave-trading to the Industrial Revolution.^ The clever young printer had prospered at his trade and made friends, among them Sir William Keith, at that time governor of the colony.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The same month Congress met for the third time in Philadelphia, and adopted a preamble and resolutions proposed by John Adams for the formulation of independent government in the colonies.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Almost every day troops from the Southern Colonies passed through Philadelphia on their way to join the forces of Washington.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .Highlights include a mockup of a navigation room and a place where you can view woodworkers handcrafting rowboats.^ Reports are, if you place a chair in the room and shut out the lights and close the door, the chair will fall over and you can hear a female gasping for air.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    The museum has some great views of the Delaware River and the Ben Franklin Bridge.
    $9 adults, $6 children, $8 seniors/students.  .'see', 'Philadelphia');return false;" title="click to edit Independence Seaport Museum">edit
  • The Franklin Institute Science Museum, 222 North 20th St, +1 215 448-1200, [28].^ Philadelphia - University of the Sciences - Osol Hall - was originally a Psychiatric Institute.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    Daily 9:30AM-5PM, closed Thanksgiving, Christmas Eve & Day, and New Year's Day. .This museum attracts some of the top scientific exhibits in the world, including the Titanic Artifacts exhibit, an upcoming exhibit of the Egyptian Treasures found in King Tut's tomb, and the 300th birthday celebration of Ben Franklin himself, which was in 2006. Be sure to walk through the giant-sized human heart, a favorite with kids.^ Various versions of the story describe in some way her apparition climbing over your car, or walking through your car.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Through some informality of phrase, this proclamation of the President was not accepted by the various governments to whom it was sent as an official invitation to take part in the Exhibition.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ On the downfall of James, Penn, in common with all the friends of the deposed King, found himself suspected and in disgrace.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    Also features planetarium and the immense Tuttleman IMAX Theater and its four-story, domed screen with fifty-six speakers. .This museum is incredibly popular with as a field trip destination for local schools, so be advised that mornings and early afternoons on weekdays may be crowded with schoolchildren. $13.75 adults, $11 children 4-11 years old and senior citizens.
    ^ Also, it is said that the previous owner, Emil Wagner (who committed suicide about 4 years ago) could be heard in the dining room of the hotel early in the morning.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It is said that many years ago (date unknown) a school bus full of children was hit by a train and all children were killed in the accident.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ There was an old wall-piano that was supposed to be sent to the local High School.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

     edit
  • The Mutter Museum, 19 South 22nd St, +1 215 563-3737, [29]. .Daily 10AM-5PM, closed Thanksgiving, Christmas Day, and New Year's Day.^ The History Center is open to the public 7 days a week from 10AM to 5PM (holidays excluded).
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    .Originally open only to medical students, this collection of medical oddities is quickly becoming one of the city's most popular attractions.^ Clinton is the one and only candidate who is going back on the original agreement.
    • FARK.com: (3519832) Lest you forget, Hillary signed a pledge in September that Florida and Michigan wouldn't count. She was against counting them before she was for them 20 September 2009 19:52 UTC www.fark.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "The situation," writes Penn, "is not surpassed by one among all the many places I have seen in the world" - and he had visited most of the cities of Europe.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In 1847 a charter was granted to the Pennsylvania Railroad, which has since become one of the great agencies of progress to the city and State.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .Not for the faint of heart, this museum includes lots of items in formaldehyde, lots of skeletons, and one of the only men to ever decompose into soap. $12 adults, $8 children/seniors/students.
    ^ In 1763 only twenty of them were left, seven men, five women, and eight children.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

     edit
  • The Palestra. .Philadelphia is known for its rich college basketball history, and the Palestra, located on the campus of the University of Pennsylvania, is a museum of the Philadelphia Big 5 programs (La Salle, Penn, Saint Joseph's, Temple, and Villanova).^ Philadelphia - Saint Mary's Annex at Saint Joseph's University - In this converted convent, located on the fringes of the Saint Joseph's campus, many ghostly nuns have been seen walking the halls.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Twenty-five years after the death of Penn, Pennsylvania contained a population of one hundred thousand, and Philadelphia ten thousand inhabitants.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ State College - Pennsylvania State University - Pollock Laptop Library (a study library on the east side of campus) - has someone wandering around in it.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    .The arena serves as the home court for the Penn Quakers basketball team and is the court for many basketball games between the city's colleges.  edit
  • The Please Touch Museum, 4231 Avenue of the Republic, +1 215 963-0667, [30].^ WIDE ANGLE REVEALS: A basketball game in progress, Sixers versus the Celtics in Philly's Spectrum Arena.
    • "Philadelphia", by Ron Nyswaner 28 January 2010 1:39 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Carlisle - Carlisle Barracks - Old gym - Many hauntings from and little Native American boy to Jim Thorpe and a basketball team.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    Daily 9AM-4:30PM, closed Thanksgiving, Christmas Day, and New Year's Day. A fantastic place to take young children. As the name says, everyone is encouraged to touch the exhibits. $9.95.  .'see', 'Philadelphia');return false;" title="click to edit The Please Touch Museum">edit
  • The National Museum of American Jewish History, 55 North 5th St, +1 215 923-3811, [31].^ A year later Congress returned to Philadelphia, which for the next decade served as the capital city of the nation.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Philadelphia heads all other American cities in the accomodation provided for the poor man, and has thereby earned the honorable title of "The City of Homes."

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

     .'see', 'Philadelphia');return false;" title="click to edit The National Museum of American Jewish History"> edit
  • Rare Book Department of the Free Library of Philadelphia.^ Its more valuable books and collections were then transferred to a splendid fireproof building on Broad Street, bequeathed to the Philadelphia Library on the condition that it should henceforth be known as the "Ridgeway Library."

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ A year later Congress returned to Philadelphia, which for the next decade served as the capital city of the nation.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Philadelphia - The Civil War Library and Museum - Was feature on unsolved mysteries--net work tv.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    .If you're into rare books at all, take the free tour, offered at 11AM M-F, of the Philadelphia Free Library's amazing rare book collection.^ Its more valuable books and collections were then transferred to a splendid fireproof building on Broad Street, bequeathed to the Philadelphia Library on the condition that it should henceforth be known as the "Ridgeway Library."

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ But even if you were to take the statement solely on its face, all it says is that, "a man run from the scene."

    ^ CLOSE ON JOE, LOOKING DIRECTLY INTO CAMERA: JOE Would you take a client if you were constantly thinking: "I hope this guy doesn't touch me.
    • "Philadelphia", by Ron Nyswaner 28 January 2010 1:39 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: Original source]

    Besides the Gutenberg Bible, highlights include medieval manuscripts, children's book illustrations, and the stuffed body of Poe's pet raven Grip, the raven who inspired "The Raven."
      edit
  • Rosenbach Museum and Library, 2008 DeLancey, +1 215 732-1600, [32]. .Hourly tours (Tu-F, 11AM-4PM) take visitors through this fine old townhouse owned by a pair of rare-book dealers, which has grown into a museum and archive.^ JOE'S POV, PEERING THROUGH THE REFERENCE BOOKS: Andrew opens a book, taking notes.
    • "Philadelphia", by Ron Nyswaner 28 January 2010 1:39 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: Original source]

    The Maurice Sendak room, full of his sketches and pages, also contains Herman Melville's own bookcase, which holds the copy of Moby-Dick he inscribed to Hawthorne. A handsome double library on another floor holds Joyce's manuscript for Ulysses. .On the top floor, poet Marianne Moore's Greenwich Village living room has been installed, to go along with the Rosenbach's trove of Moore papers.  edit
  • University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, On South Street between 32nd and 33rd Streets, [33].^ South Second Street, in which she is said to have lived.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, south side of Spruce Street, between Thirty-fourth and Thirty-fifth, founded in 1871, opened partially for use in 1874.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Edinboro - Lawrence Towers - On the 5th floor of Lawrence Towers A, it is rumored that a college student (music major) who lived in room 517 hung herself.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    .This museum houses an impressive collection of Egyptian and Greco-Roman artifacts.   edit
  • Eastern State Penitentiary, 22nd Street and Fairmount Avenue, [34].^ Prisons - The Eastern Penitentiary of Philadelphia occupies a lot of about eleven acres, extending from Fairmount and Corinthian avenues to Twenty-second Street, and northward to Brown.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Joseph's's Female Orphan Asylum (Roman Catholic), Westminster Avenue, near Forty-ninth Street.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Lincoln, southeast corner of Broad Street and Fairmount Avenue.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    "America's Most Historic Prison." It is also the site of an annual Bastille Day recreation. .In October, the notoriously haunted penitentiary is home to one of the cities most popular Halloween attraction: the "Terror Behind the Walls" haunted house.^ There is no doubt it one of the most haunted areas in Butler, Pennsylvania.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The one left hallway in the nursing home's main floor is the only place that seems to be haunted.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Became a haunted house for Halloween, now closed.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    .This site is accessible by subway (fairmount stop) as well as the 33 or 48 bus from center city.  edit
  • Edgar Allan Poe National Historic Site, [35].^ Potter's Mills - Eutaw House - It has been rumored that the ghost of Edgar Allan Poe still exists at the Eutaw house restaurant.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Cressson - Lemon House - This National Historic site at the summit of the Allegheny Portage Railroad was once a tavern and inn.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    The former home of the famous American author of mystery and the macabre.  edit
  • Fairmount Water Works, [36]. Features information on local watersheds as well as interpretive art.  edit
  • Independence National Historic Park, [37]. .Philadelphia's signature historic site features the Liberty Bell, Independence Hall, Constitution Hall (home of the Declaration of Independence and Constitution).^ It now holds a valuable collection of relics, including the original charter of the city of Philadelphia, with Penn's signature and the great seal of the State, and the Liberty Bell, now cracked and soundless, which rang forth the Declaration of American Independence.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Franconia - Bell House (Rising Sun Inn) - The building was built in the 1700's and is on historic Allentown Rd, which was the only major rd from Bethlehem steel to Philadelphia.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The Declaration of Independence, The Definite Treaty of Peace, The French Alliance, The Convention of the States, The Constitution, The New Era, were represented by some of the principal citizens in emblematical costumes.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .It also features historic buildings from the city's revolutionary past, approximately 20 of which are open to the public.  edit
  • Fairmount Park, [38].^ Public Parks and Pleasure Grounds - Of these the largest and most important is Fairmount Park, which is situated on both banks of the River Schuylkill, and covers an extent of 2,740 acres.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The Historical Society Library is located on the main floor and is open to the public.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It was opened for public use in 1835, and is under the control of the Commissioners of Fairmount Park.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .Technically, Fairmount Park covers all of the city parks in Philadelphia such as Pennypack Park in the northeast and Wissahickon Valley Park in the northwest, but the name also refers more specifically to the large park on both sides of the Schuykill River northwest of Center City, which is the largest urban park in the United States.^ By this Act Philadelphia became the largest city in territorial area in America, and second only to London in Europe" ["History of the Pennsylvania Railroad"] We have already mentioned the purchase of ground for the Fairmount Waterworks in 1812.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Public Parks and Pleasure Grounds - Of these the largest and most important is Fairmount Park, which is situated on both banks of the River Schuylkill, and covers an extent of 2,740 acres.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Oil City - Oil Creek State Park - In the park there is a cemetary.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    .East Fairmount Park is home to the Smith Memorial Playground, Dell East Concerts, and a driving range.^ On the east bank of the Schuylkill, farther north and opposite Fairmount Park lies a group of cemeteries, of which Laurel Hill is the oldest.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The Pennsylvania Museum of Industrial Art, in Memorial Hall, Fairmount Park.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .West Fairmount Park, much of which has been renamed The Centennial District, includes the Mann Music Center (where The Philadelphia Orchestra plays in summer), the Japanese TeaHouse, Please Touch Museum for kids in a restored Memorial Hall (from the nation's Centennial celebration).^ West Laurel Hill, a mile distant, and much larger in extent, is growing into rivalship with its celebrated neighbor.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ No answers, consequently, were received, and the Centennial Commission, thus left in ignorance for months of what might be the intentions of other nations, experienced much delay and embarrassment.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The Pennsylvania Museum of Industrial Art, in Memorial Hall, Fairmount Park.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .Wisshickon Valley is just that, with many hiking trails, the Valley Green Inn (a picturesque place to eat), and a walking/biking, horeseback riding trail know as the Forbidden Drive.  edit
  • Clark Park, 43rd & Chester, [39].^ Greenock - Old Dravo Cemetery - Old miner people walk around the grounds at night down by the Yough Bike Trail.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Monroe County - Buck Hill Inn - There are many places where there is paranormal activity.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ A hiking and biking trail called the Capital Area Green Belt leads into another entrance in the Edgemont area of the city.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    Clark Park is an outdoor music and arts festival area in West Philadelphia.  edit
  • LOVE Park. .A square near City Hall, known for its Robert Indiana "LOVE" sculpture (dating to the American Bicentennial) and for attracting skateboarders from around the world (despite a ban on skating in the park).^ The new City Hall, in Penn Square, was begun in August, 1871, and it is expected will be opened for use a few months from this date (1880).

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Public Squares - In founding the city, William Penn set aside five squares as public parks or enclosures.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    Since 2002, this ban has been rigorously enforced (and the park renovated to discourage skateboarders). Free wireless [40] access is now available in the park.
     edit
  • Rittenhouse Square. .One (southwest) of William Penn's original "five squares" of public, open space in the city, Rittenhouse Square sits among classic and classy Rittenhouse hotels and residences and attracts people from around the world.^ Public Squares - In founding the city, William Penn set aside five squares as public parks or enclosures.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Twenty-five years after the death of Penn, Pennsylvania contained a population of one hundred thousand, and Philadelphia ten thousand inhabitants.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Tax-gatherers were unknown in Pennsylvania; the Council and all lesser offices were voted for by the people; and William Penn could not of his own will appoint so much as a constable to place.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    It is named after David Rittenhouse, a clockmaker and astronomer. .Today, you can find Rittenhouse Row, where there are tons of places nearby to eat, stay and take in the arts and culture of Philadelphia.^ There is now a parking lot where the barn was, but if you walk about a 100 yards to the left of the inn, you will find the tombstone and the grave of Johnny Coyle.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ You can actually walk thru this place (beware, there are wild dog packs throughout) and good luck not getting lost.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Once you walk into this place, you get the feeling that someone is behind you, but no one is there.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    Some places to eat are are: gelato and sorbetti shop Capogiro, Starr restaurant Continental and the Marathon Grill. .Lodging includes the Four Seasons Hotel, AKA Rittenhouse Square, Rittenhouse Hotel, and the Ritz-Carlton.^ Lancaster County - Four seasons Hotel - Its closed down now, and watched heavily by police.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    Cultural hot spots are the Kimmel Center, Wilma Theater, Prince Music Theater and the Philadelphia Horticultural Society. .Another activity that one can take part in when in Rittenhouse is shopping.^ Or, seated in one of the luxorious "Centennial chairs," to glide smoothly and swiftly from one part of the world to another, out of India into lapland, or up from Bogota to Portugal.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .Some places include Barnes & Noble Booksellers (with a Starbucks Cafe inside on the 3rd floor), Armani Exchange, Philadelphia Runner, Guess, and just a few blocks away is the Liberty Place.  edit
  • Washington Square (southeast), Franklin Square (northeast), Logan Square (northwest), and City Hall (center) make up the other four original "squares" created by William Penn.^ Dirty dishes placed in the sink when just minutes before all the dishes were cleaned and put away.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Tax-gatherers were unknown in Pennsylvania; the Council and all lesser offices were voted for by the people; and William Penn could not of his own will appoint so much as a constable to place.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Erie - Penn State Behrens - In the 1970's a student by the name of Henry, the last name has been lost over the years, lived on the 3rd floor in the West wing of Niagara Hall.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    .Four of the five squares (Logan Square is better known as Logan Circle) are somewhat symmetrically located at the four corners of an imaginary square surrounding the very center of Center City Philadelphia, now occupied by City Hall.^ Hospital of Protestant Episcopal Church, south-east corner of Lehigh Avenue and Front Street, occupying a square of ground.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ A very elegant and refined circle led society in Philadelphia at this time, and the coming of Congress gave the city the air and tone of a capital.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Machinery Hall was built from appropriations made by the city of Philadelphia, its cost being, in round number, $550,000.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .The center of City Hall's Square is a large compass in the ground.^ The new City Hall, in Penn Square, was begun in August, 1871, and it is expected will be opened for use a few months from this date (1880).

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    There are four archways leading into it. .Logan Circle, named after William Penn's secretary James Logan, is considered the gateway to Fairmount Park and the Art Museum area.^ Public Squares - In founding the city, William Penn set aside five squares as public parks or enclosures.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The Pennsylvania Museum of Industrial Art, in Memorial Hall, Fairmount Park.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .Up until 1823, Logan Circle was an execution site as well as burial ground.^ Strange white circles are said to have showed up in pictures as well.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    Located in Logan Circle is the Swann Memorial Fountain. Washington Square is near Independence Hall. .It was also used as a burial ground and in addition, as a potter's field.^ Because of that, there have been reports of people seeing Indians walking the are where the old burial grounds used to be, always at night and usually on a full moon.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It was used for many years as a burial ground and potter's field, and hundreds of American soldiers were interred there during the Revolutionary War.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .Franklin Square is located on the outskirts of Chinatown at 6th and Race Streets.^ Northeast, now called Franklin Square, lies between Sixth and Franklin, and Race and Vine streets.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Northwest, now known as Logan Square, extends from Race to Vine streets, and from Eighteenth to Logan, and contains about seven acres.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    It is home to the Philadelphia Park Liberty Carousel, has a Philadelphia-themed miniature golf course, two playgrounds, and a gift shop. Like Logan Circle, Franklin Square also has a fountain. .New technology causes the water to shoot lower on rainy or windy days so by standers do not become wet.
  • FDR Park, known as "The Lakes" to the locals, is in South Philadelphia near the stadium district.^ Following this came the openings of the Delaware and Maryland, and the Delaware and the Raritan canals, which united Philadelphia by a network of water-ways with Baltimore on the one hand, and New York on the other.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ A few days after this useless demonstration, the British troops were marched to the lower part of the city, crossed the river in boats, and quitted Philadelphia, never to return.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    It offers many activities such as fishing, bird watching, tennis, baseball and rugby. .There is also a skate park underneath the bridge that runs throughout the park.^ Also, there are ghost lights seen under a bridge that runs over the Mahoning River.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Down in a gully on this "bad" stretch, there is an old wooden bridge that crosses Hogback Run.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Beaver county, there runs a creek, which is spanned by a dilapidated iron bridge.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    .Located within FDR is Bellaire Manor.
  • Pennypack Park- Large city park ranging throughout Northeast Philadelphia.^ Of this labor a large proportion, as well as a large proportion of the expense, fell to the share of the city of Philadelphia.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ After the affair of Germantown, Washington had retired to a range of hills northeast of Whitemarsh, and about fourteen miles from Philadelphia.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It is located on the outskirts of city limits of Harrisburg on a 200 acre plot, most of which falls within Susquehanna Township lines.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    .This park includes creeks, waterfalls, biking trails, dog walking trails, and home to the Pennypack Park Music Festival.^ Butler County - McConnell's Mill State Park - The old Mill turned state park is home to many spirits who still roam the hills and Slippery Rock Creek.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ To physically get to the mansion, you must park along a creek and walk about 25 minutes through the woods and 2 open fields.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Greenock - Old Dravo Cemetery - Old miner people walk around the grounds at night down by the Yough Bike Trail.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    The music festival originally began in the 1970's, but ceased to exist in the 90s, due to insufficient funds. .The music festival came back to life in 2000 with funding from local organizations.^ Also, one particular instance was in the kitchen were a radio was playing and when the security guard turned it off and walked away it came back on.....then he turned it off again and it came back on when he turned it off again and heard the radio playing he went back but the radio was not on and it was playing music.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    .Pennypack is a thriving park that is utilized by the Northeast residents daily.
  • The Philadelphia Zoo [41] America's first zoo is located just across the Schuylkill River and features just about every animal one could ever ask to see.^ People have also reported seeing ghostly figures dancing in the ballroom, which is located on the first floor.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Chapter 11 The Philadelphia Of Today (1880 To 1886) [Top of Page] [Home Page] Location - Philadelphia is situated on a tract of land embraced between the Delaware and Schuylkill rivers, which, lying to the east and west of the city, and gradually approaching one another, unite to form its southern boundary.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The customer kept his eye on the closet until he realized that no one was coming back out so he leaned back in his chair where he could see into the closet and realized that no one was there.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    From the new "pouncing pumas" to the traditional lions, tigers and bears, the zoo has it all. .During the summer months, the Philadelphia Zoo offers "Zoo Balloon" tours, which offer a great perspective of Philadelphia and its surrounding areas at a high altitude.
  • Philadelphia Phlash, [42].^ During the months of August, September, October, and November, the deaths in the city amounted to 4,002 out of a population of 30,000 ["A Picture of Philadelphia," p.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Le Mayeur had great success in Philadelphia, and is said to have "transplanted" one hundred and twenty-three teeth in six months.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The yellow fever made its appearance in Philadelphia during the summer of 1793, and raged with fearful violence.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .The Philadelphia Phlash is a convenient trackless trolley ride between downtown hotels and 19 key Philadelphia locations, including the Philadelphia Museum of Art, Old City and Logan Square. $2 each time you board, $5 all-day individual pass.^ CUT TO: AN INTERSECTION IN THE HEART OF OLD, DOWNTOWN PHILLY: A movie palace (now a six-plex) across the street from the Peter Pan Coffee Shop, PHILADELPHIA WORKERS going about the business of the day (EXT./DAY) ...
    • "Philadelphia", by Ron Nyswaner 28 January 2010 1:39 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Middletown - old cemetery - its said that if u walk around the brick wall that surrounds the graveyard 3 times you will get pushed off the third time around.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ All that is known is that after you pass the one mile mark of Kelly Road, the strange phenomena stop, with no explanation.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

     edit
  • Big Bus Tours, [43]. .See the city of Philadelphia from a London-style double-decker bus, complete with an open top!^ Chapter 5 Old Philadelphia (1701-1766 Continued) [Top of Page] [Home Page] So late as the year 1760 Philadelphia continued to be an unpaved city.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It was not until 1754 that the first theatre was opened in Philadelphia, by a company of comedians from London."

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .Commentary on all of Philadelphia's sights is offered. Adults $27, Children $10 for a 24-hour pass.
    ^ The news came to Philadelphia by express at midnight, and the watchmen, when crying the hours as usual, roused the city by adding to their usual call of "Twelve o'clock and all's well!"

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

     edit
  • Philadelphia Trolley Works, [44]. Take a scenic tour of Philadelphia in a Victorian-era trolley, hose and carriage, LandShark, or double-decker bus. .Hosts offer commentary on all that you see throughout Philadelphia.^ THE COURT: If you look at your appointment sheet, you will see that you are appointed all the way up to the Supreme Court.

    ^ When you get to the top of the hill you will see the steps the foundation and the alter of the church that is all that remains.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Mutual pledges were exchanged, and all was amity and goodwill, not in Philadelphia only, but throughout the colonies.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    Prices vary depending on length of tour and vehicle.
     edit
  • Ride the Ducks, [45]. .One of the most notorious tours in Philadelphia involves not colonial works, but ducks.^ The Philadelphia, the most important of the public libraries, is one of the oldest in the United States; and, so far as is known, was the first to inaugurate the lending system, now so prevalent.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .Riding the ducks, complete with a "quacker," is a great way to see Philadelphia by land before seeing the skyline and scenic historic Philadelphia from the waters of the Delaware.^ Following this came the openings of the Delaware and Maryland, and the Delaware and the Raritan canals, which united Philadelphia by a network of water-ways with Baltimore on the one hand, and New York on the other.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "It was not for the love of the land, but from the love of the water that I desired it," says the mild Penn; but it is easy to see how essential to the fortunes of the infant colony was the possession of this outlet to the sea.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .And you're sure to draw looks from all the locals with each quack, who generally view the ducks as a nuisance.  edit
  • Once Upon A Nation, [46].^ DR. ARMBRUSTER (OS) You had contact with someone who has AIDS, and you're worried.
    • "Philadelphia", by Ron Nyswaner 28 January 2010 1:39 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ One ghost is of someone who has ethnic features, somewhat of a servant looking, perhaps a black servant, not sure.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ THE COURT: If you look at your appointment sheet, you will see that you are appointed all the way up to the Supreme Court.

    See Philadelphia's historic district with colonial-themed tour guides and bystanders. .Once Upon A Nation showcases the Philadelphia of the 18th Century and pays close attention to the city' revolutionary heritage.^ A year later Congress returned to Philadelphia, which for the next decade served as the capital city of the nation.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ There are few cities in the world in which such strict attention is paid to the quality of food as in Philadelphia.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .In 2006, Once Upon A Nation will reopen Franklin Square, one of Penn's original five squares, as a tribute to Benjamin Franklin's 300th birthday.^ Twenty-five years after the death of Penn, Pennsylvania contained a population of one hundred thousand, and Philadelphia ten thousand inhabitants.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Not long after Benjamin Franklin had commenced editor of a newspaper, he noticed with considerable freedom the public conduct of one or two influential persons in Philadelphia.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Public Squares - In founding the city, William Penn set aside five squares as public parks or enclosures.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    The square lies just across from the historic district and will feature the Liberty Carousel among other attractions.
     edit
  • Philadelphia in the Movies Tour, [47]. Saturday 10AM-12:30PM. Discover a little Philadelphia history that's not in the textbooks. .Visit the locations where all the action took place in such films as Rocky, Trading Places, The Sixth Sense, Philadelphia, In Her Shoes, and many more.^ Philadelphia - Saint Mary's Annex at Saint Joseph's University - In this converted convent, located on the fringes of the Saint Joseph's campus, many ghostly nuns have been seen walking the halls.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ An outbreak of cholera took place in Philadelphia during the year which saw the first railroad brought to completion.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ They remained at this place for more than a month, humane people in Philadelphia sending them provisions, fuel, and other necessaries.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .Learn what happened, what didn’t and what did but never made it to the screen.  edit
  • Constitutional Guided Walking Tour of Philadelphia, +1 215-525-1776, [48].^ Most cops didn’t believe him, But one did, the same happened to him 9 years before.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ After the tour, the man explained that his dog never did that before and was unsure what such a reaction was caused by.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    .Philadelphia is one of America's most walkable cities, so what better way to see it than on foot?^ America was waiting to see what Fate should send her by way of a friend.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The Philadelphia, the most important of the public libraries, is one of the oldest in the United States; and, so far as is known, was the first to inaugurate the lending system, now so prevalent.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Following this came the openings of the Delaware and Maryland, and the Delaware and the Raritan canals, which united Philadelphia by a network of water-ways with Baltimore on the one hand, and New York on the other.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .Get up close and personal with history on this 75-minute, 1.25 mile walking tour of the historic district.^ To physically get to the mansion, you must park along a creek and walk about 25 minutes through the woods and 2 open fields.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    .The tour showcases over 15 of Philadelphia's most popular tourist attractions including Independence Hall, the Liberty Bell, Benjamin Franklin's grave site, and the house where Thomas Jefferson wrote much of the Declaration of Independece!^ The liberty bell was housed in the inn.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Liberty Bell, the Italian Market, scenes along the Delaware and Schuylkill Rivers, Independence Square, the Russian Orthodox neighborhood, the ghettos of North Philly.
    • "Philadelphia", by Ron Nyswaner 28 January 2010 1:39 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It now holds a valuable collection of relics, including the original charter of the city of Philadelphia, with Penn's signature and the great seal of the State, and the Liberty Bell, now cracked and soundless, which rang forth the Declaration of American Independence.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    Frequent departures throughout the day at the Independence Visitors Center at 6th & Market Streets.
      edit
  • Spirits of '76 Ghost Tour, +1 215-525-1776, [49]. Philadelphia's got ghosts, come check them out! .The Spirits of '76 Ghost Tour is One Part History, Two Parts Haunt!^ Swiftwater - Mount Airy Lodge - Room 7664 at the now closed hotel was rumored to be haunted by the ghost of a woman who was killed by her husband in one of the honeymoon rooms.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ One year, a haunted tour was given, with real and fake stories told along the route.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Part of the British army was quartered in Germantown, which at that time formed one continuous street nearly two miles long.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .See more than 20 haunted sites on a 75-minute walking adventure through the cobblestone streets of Philadelphia.^ In three years after its foundation Philadelphia had gained more than New York in half a century.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Its more valuable books and collections were then transferred to a splendid fireproof building on Broad Street, bequeathed to the Philadelphia Library on the condition that it should henceforth be known as the "Ridgeway Library."

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ There is nothing I hate more, than to see lawyers suing each other.
    • "Philadelphia", by Ron Nyswaner 28 January 2010 1:39 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: Original source]

    Hear stories about the ghosts of the founding fathers including Benjamin Franklin and John Adams, see historic cemeteries such as Old Pine Street and St. Peter's, and learn about Leo Callahan and Edgar Allen Poe. Tours depart from the Cosi Restaurant at 4th and Chestnut Street. .Tours run from April to beyond Halloween.  edit
  • Every year, Philadelphia is host to the Philadelphia International Championship, which is a 144 mile bike race from Benjamin Franklin Parkway to the hillside community of Manayunk, which is the site of the Manayunk Wall.^ The list is as follows: The Pennsylvania Hospital, founded in the year 1752 by the exertions of Benjamin Franklin and his friends.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Erie - Gannon University - Frat House - Years ago at this frat house there was a Halloween costume party the fraternity was hosting.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ March 2007 Additional information: Every Year, Moravian College celebrates Halloween with haunted houses and parties.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    2009 marks its 25th year running. .The event usually takes place in early June
  • The Philadelphia Marathon is also another annual event.^ Approximately what year did this event take place?
    • "Philadelphia", by Ron Nyswaner 28 January 2010 1:39 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: Original source]

    This 26.2 mile race is held every 3rd Sunday in November. .There are three races: the full marathon, half marathon and the Rothman Institute 8k.
  • Every year in the beginning of July, an All-You-Can-Eat Ice Cream Festival is held down Penns Landing.^ It is said that many years ago (date unknown) a school bus full of children was hit by a train and all children were killed in the accident.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ And the fact that you have two, three, four, or ten people there that heard that exact same statement at that exact same time, you do not put all ten on, nor are you precluded from putting all ten on at trial.

    ^ And all this sea and land ovation made - not in consequence of an uninterrupted succession of victories like those of the Duke of Marlborough - but after thirteen colonies wretchedly lost, and a three years' series of ruinous disgraces and defeats!"

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    Cost is $5 and children under 2 are free.
  • AIDS Walk Philly occurs ever October. It is an 8.2 mile that begins and ends at Eakins Oval (in front of the stairs of the Philadelphia Art Museum). The first walk started in 1987 and raised $33,000 that year. Since then, the event became annual.
.
.Philadelphia is a huge city, so all individual listings should be moved to the appropriate district articles, and this section should contain a brief overview.^ The divided authority caused by the subdivision of the city into many districts, all practically independent of each other, was a serious obstacle to the peaceful administration of the laws.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Machinery Hall was built from appropriations made by the city of Philadelphia, its cost being, in round number, $550,000.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Public Schools - The public schools of Philadelphia are supported by taxation, and are conducted for the benefit of all residents of the city.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

Please help to move listings if you are familiar with this city.
  • Walnut Street Theatre, 825 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19107, 215-574-3550, [50].^ Dispensaries - Philadelphia Dispensary, erected , in 1801, on Fifth Street, between Library and Walnut.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Walnut Street Theatre, Ninth and Walnut.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .America's oldest theatre, celebrating its 200th anniversary season in 2009. Shows regularly sell out, and travelers are advised to buy in advance.^ It is said that Anna-May Jeans (founder of the hospital) began appearing to various members of the staff to show her disapproval of a buy-out.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    The theater is a self-producing, non-profit regional theater.
     edit
  • The Philadelphia Orchestra, [51]. .Founded in 1900, the Philadelphia Orchestra is one of the most famous and widely traveled orchestras in the world.^ The Philadelphia, the most important of the public libraries, is one of the oldest in the United States; and, so far as is known, was the first to inaugurate the lending system, now so prevalent.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "The situation," writes Penn, "is not surpassed by one among all the many places I have seen in the world" - and he had visited most of the cities of Europe.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Markets - The provision supply of Philadelphia is superior to that of most cities, and her markets have always had a wide celebrity.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .Performs in Verizon Hall at the Kimmel Center for the Performing Arts.  edit
  • Kimmel Center, 260 South Broad St, +1 215 893-1999, [52].^ Bloomsburg - Bloomsburg University - Haas Center for the Arts - Ghost of an old ballet dancer who performed in Bloomsburg.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Hazleton - The ghost of Broad St - There are stories of a man known as Pete who roams the grounds of the shopping center in Hazleton.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    Showcases a variety of performing arts from chamber music, dance, drama, orchestral, jazz & pop.  edit
  • The Mask and Wig Club, 310 South Quince St, [53]. Mask and Wig has presented comedy, music, and dancing to the University of Pennsylvania, to Philadelphia and to audiences across the country since 1889 and is a legend amongst Philadelphia theatre-goers. Each Spring, Mask and Wig performs a full-length musical comedy at its historic Clubhouse.  edit
  • The Khyber, 56 South 2nd St, [54]. .A storied home of many Philadelphia indie acts, The Khyber is an Old City attraction that can't be missed by music enthusiasts.  edit
  • The Barbary, Frankford and Delaware Ave.^ Chapter 5 Old Philadelphia (1701-1766 Continued) [Top of Page] [Home Page] So late as the year 1760 Philadelphia continued to be an unpaved city.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Philadelphia - General Wayne Inn - This inn is home to more than 17 ghosts including Hessians, a ghost wanting his wives picture, a old owner, and a ghost singing.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Also, Old Botany is one of the oldest remaining buildings on campus, and there have been many stories of noises and sightings here.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    Varied DJ nights all week. Hipster night spot.  edit
  • Tower Theatre, 69th Street in Upper Darby, [55]. The Tower Theater is located just across from the last stop on the westbound Market-Frankford Line. Originally a Great Depression-era movie theater, the venue is now home to some of the biggest names in music and showbusiness each year.  edit
  • The Trocadero, 1003 Arch St, [56]. .Typically features indie/alternative acts and local acts.  edit
  • The Fillmore at the TLA (formally Theater of Living Arts), On South Street between 3rd and 4th Streets.^ South Second Street, in which she is said to have lived.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, south side of Spruce Street, between Thirty-fourth and Thirty-fifth, founded in 1871, opened partially for use in 1874.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The space between Mulberry and Walnut and Second and Seventh Streets was formed into the South, Middle, and North wards.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    The TLA is a smaller, more intimate venue that often features a good mix of national acts and local musicians.   edit
  • The Electric Factory, 421 North 7th St, [57]. .The Electric Factory is one of the leading indoor music venues and is Philadelphia's most celebrated location for live music.  edit
  • Academy of Music, At Broad and Locust Streets, [58].^ American Academy of Music, Broad and Locust streets.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Its more valuable books and collections were then transferred to a splendid fireproof building on Broad Street, bequeathed to the Philadelphia Library on the condition that it should henceforth be known as the "Ridgeway Library."

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts is a fine fireproof building, two hundred and sixty feet in depth by one hundred in width, on the corner of Broad and Cherry streets.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .The Academy is the oldest grand opera house in the United States still being used for its original purpose.^ It is still being used.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It closed its doors as an asylum in 2006, but the grounds and buildings are still in use today as offices for several state agencies such as the PA Office of Mental Health.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ His representations resulted, not long after, in the adoption of the British discipline and articles of war, which still constitute the military system of the United States.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .The Academy also provides the Philadelphia area with interesting and popular concerts, ballets, Broadway shows, and other events.^ Philadelphia heads all other American cities in the accomodation provided for the poor man, and has thereby earned the honorable title of "The City of Homes."

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    Tours of the Academy, focusing on its inspiring history and current renovations, are available by contacting the manager's office.
     edit
  • The World Cafe Live, 3025 Walnut St, [59]. World Life Cafe offers an eclectic offering of concerts, from jazz to rock, from locally and nationally-renowned artists.  edit
  • R5 Productions, [60]. .Shows are at several venues.  edit
  • Wanamaker Organ, At the Macy's Center City store in downtown Philadelphia, [61].^ West Chester to Center City Philadelphia #211/215-567-5678 - 3* .
    • Pennsylvania Highways:  PA 1 - 50 17 September 2009 2:17 UTC www.pahighways.com [Source type: Reference]

    .The largest operational musical instrument in the world is played twice a day in the store, six days each week.  edit
  • Walking Fish Theatre, 2509 Frankford Ave., 215.427.WALK, [62].^ They were covered Jersey wagons without springs, leaving Philadelphia twice a week, consuming three days on the journey, and charging a tariff of twopence a mile.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Also, one particular instance was in the kitchen were a radio was playing and when the security guard turned it off and walked away it came back on.....then he turned it off again and it came back on when he turned it off again and heard the radio playing he went back but the radio was not on and it was playing music.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    .The Walking Fish Theater is located in the Fishtown section of Philadelphia.^ Philadelphia - Saint Mary's Annex at Saint Joseph's University - In this converted convent, located on the fringes of the Saint Joseph's campus, many ghostly nuns have been seen walking the halls.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    .This theater offers acting classes, workshops, shows, and hires interns from local performing arts high schools.^ Upper Darby - Upper Darby High School - There is a spirit haunting the Performing Arts Center Theatre which is said to be of a young boy who hanged himself because he was tormented by evil spirits which live in the attic of the theatre.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ There was an old wall-piano that was supposed to be sent to the local High School.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Muhlenburg - Muhlenburg High School - A boy coming out of gym class was said to have collapsed and died from a heart problem.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    The website for the Walking Fish has a calendar of events, a donation link, as well as a link for renting out the venue.
     edit
  • Philadelphia Phillies, [63]. The city's hometown baseball team were 2008 World Series Champions. Since 2004 the team has played at Citizens Bank Park, a new $350 million baseball-only facility in South Philadelphia that is among the best in the big leagues. .The park is easily accessible on the subway and tickets start at $18. The food at the park was named as Best Ballpark Food in a survey of Food Network viewers in 2007. Keep your eye out for Dollar Dog Nights, where hot dogs are only $1.  edit
  • Philadelphia Eagles, [64].^ It is also said that the ghost of Hershey himself roams the park to keep an eye on things.
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    ^ I would only point out to you, as well, and I implore Your Honor, and invite you to read the Dougherty decision.

    ^ It is said that if you go there at night, you will be chased out by ghosts and your car will have trouble starting.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    .Philadelphia's NFL team has played at Lincoln Financial Field, next door to Citizens Bank Park, since 2003. Games routinely sell out, especially against the Eagles' division rivals—the Dallas Cowboys, New York Giants, and Washington Redskins.  edit
  • Philadelphia 76ers, [65].^ Climate and Health - The salubrity of Philadelphia is exceptional, the mortality being 1 to every thousand persons less than that of Paris; and 7 to every thousand persons less than New York.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In three years after its foundation Philadelphia had gained more than New York in half a century.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
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    ^ Following this came the openings of the Delaware and Maryland, and the Delaware and the Raritan canals, which united Philadelphia by a network of water-ways with Baltimore on the one hand, and New York on the other.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
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    The city's NBA team, playing at Wachovia Center, in the immediate vicinity of the two major stadiums.  edit
  • Philadelphia Flyers, [66]. .Hockey fans can also enjoy the city's NHL team, which shares Wachovia Center with the Sixers.  edit
  • Philadelphia Union, [67].^ Of this labor a large proportion, as well as a large proportion of the expense, fell to the share of the city of Philadelphia.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
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    Coming in 2010: The 16th team in Major League Soccer. .Unlike Philly's teams in the four biggest sports in North America, Union will not play in South Philadelphia, but will instead play in a new soccer-specific stadium, Union Field at Chester, on the waterfront in the nearby suburb of Chester.^ Sometimes they took down fences, and made new roads through the fields" [Watson's "Annals of Philadelphia," vol.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
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    ^ The dimensions of this magnificent building are 470 feet from east to west by 486 1/2 feet from north to south, and the area covered by it is equal to about four and a half acres.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ An aged gentleman of the same date "well remembered a fine field of corn in growth on the north-west corner of South and Front Streets" [Watson's "Annals of Philadelphia," vol i, p.234].

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
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    Due to construction delays, Union will open its inaugural season at Lincoln Financial Field.
     edit
  • Philadelphia Independence, [68]. Coming in 2010: One of two teams set to enter Women's Professional Soccer in the 2010 season, Independence will also eventually play in Union Field at Chester. .However, due to the aforementioned delays, it will play its entire 2010 home schedule at John A. Farrell Stadium on the campus of West Chester University.  edit
  • Philadelphia Passion, [69].^ Philadelphia - Saint Mary's Annex at Saint Joseph's University - In this converted convent, located on the fringes of the Saint Joseph's campus, many ghostly nuns have been seen walking the halls.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ West Chester - West Chester University - Ramsey Hall - is haunted by Dorothy Ramsey.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ West Chester - West Chester University - Hollinger Field House - Haunted by the Ghost of Drutz.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    .In 2009, Philadelphia is one of ten cities to introduce the Lingerie Football League.^ Twenty-five years after the death of Penn, Pennsylvania contained a population of one hundred thousand, and Philadelphia ten thousand inhabitants.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The other cemeteries of Philadelphia are: West Laurel Hill, on the west bank of the Schuylkill; at Pencoyd Station, one hundred and ten acres.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
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    ^ The position of the city of Philadelphia is one of almost unrivalled advantage.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    The rules of the NFL and the LFL are slightly different; the LFL plays 7 on 7 rather than 11.
     edit

Learn

Philadelphia is rich with educational opportunities. .Universities include Temple University, Philadelphia University [70], Drexel University [71] with the only co-op program in the area, the Ivy League University of Pennsylvania [72], La Salle University [73] a major Catholic university, Saint Joseph's University [74] a Jesuit university, and The Lutheran Theological Seminary at Philadelphia [75] a divinity school.^ In 1752, through his instrumentality largely, the Academy and Charitable School of the Province of Pennsylvania (afterward to become the University of Pennsylvania) was founded, and soon afterward the Pennsylvania Hospital.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
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^ Philadelphia - St. Dominic’s Catholic School - there is said to be a ghostly presence in the graveyard.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Philadelphia - Saint Mary's Annex at Saint Joseph's University - In this converted convent, located on the fringes of the Saint Joseph's campus, many ghostly nuns have been seen walking the halls.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

The Community College of Philadelphia [76] is Philadelphia's premier community college.
.Art schools include the University of the Arts [77], one of the most prestigious art schools in America, Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts [78], Moore College of Art and Design [79] an all women college, Hussian School of Art [80], and the Art Institute Philadelphia [81].^ Later on this Academy College" was merged into the University of Pennsylvania.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
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^ The Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts is a fine fireproof building, two hundred and sixty feet in depth by one hundred in width, on the corner of Broad and Cherry streets.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
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^ In 1752, through his instrumentality largely, the Academy and Charitable School of the Province of Pennsylvania (afterward to become the University of Pennsylvania) was founded, and soon afterward the Pennsylvania Hospital.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
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Trade schools include The Wine School of Philadelphia [82] which offers professional sommelier & winemaking diplomas, along with wine tasting classes [83].

Work

.Philadelphia's job market is ever-expanding both in the city and in its suburbs.^ Markets - The provision supply of Philadelphia is superior to that of most cities, and her markets have always had a wide celebrity.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
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The 975' Comcast Center is a constant reminder of the economic revitalization of Philadelphia and of Comcast's presence in the city. .Comcast, a Philadelphia-founded company, plans to add between 2,000 and 3,000 jobs after the completion of its new signature tower in 2008. Additionally, a Keystone Opportunity Zone over the Powelton Rail Yards adjacent to 30th Street Station promises a bright future for jobs and new office buildings in the city.^ JOE (on TV) "Angela, we're standing in Philadelphia, the City of Brotherly Love, the birthplace of freedom, where our Founding Fathers authored the Declaration of Independence.
  • "Philadelphia", by Ron Nyswaner 28 January 2010 1:39 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In clearing the streets some difficulties occurred between the troops and the people: a soldier was wounded by a brick, and the captain in command ordered his company to fire.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
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^ When the new building was about 90 percent completed it burned to the ground again.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

.
.Philadelphia is a huge city, so all individual listings should be moved to the appropriate district articles, and this section should contain a brief overview.^ The divided authority caused by the subdivision of the city into many districts, all practically independent of each other, was a serious obstacle to the peaceful administration of the laws.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
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^ Machinery Hall was built from appropriations made by the city of Philadelphia, its cost being, in round number, $550,000.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
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^ Public Schools - The public schools of Philadelphia are supported by taxation, and are conducted for the benefit of all residents of the city.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
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Please help to move listings if you are familiar with this city.
  • The Shops at the Bellevue Located in the historic Bellevue at Broad and Walnut Streets, the Shops at the Bellevue offer upscale shopping and a gourmet food court.^ William Penn is said to have offered his coachman the whole of the square included between Chestnut and Walnut and High and Second streets in lieu of a year's wages.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    Shops include Ralph Lauren, Tiffany & Co., Williams-Sonoma, Origins, and Teuscher Chocolates of Switzerland (Oprah loves the champagne truffles...). .Aside from the gourmet foodcourt and upscale shopping, the Bellevue is also home to such upscale eateries as The Palm, Bliss, XIX and J.L. Sullivan's Speakeasy, as well as the Park Hyatt Philadelphia at the Bellevue.
  • The Gallery at Market East Located at 8th and Market Streets, The Gallery at Market East offers mid-range stores.^ Beth el Emeth (Jewish), corner of Fisher's Avenue and Market Street, West Philadelphia.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The first house finished in Philadelphia was a small wooden one on the east side of Front Street, a little north of the place afterward called the Dock.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
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    ^ West Philadelphia, Market Street, between Fortieth and Forty-first streets, Girard Avenue and Ninth Street.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
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    .It also connects to the Market-Frankford Subway Line and regional commuter trains.
  • The Shoppes at Liberty Place Located at the base of two of Philadelphia's tallest buildings, The Shoppes at Liberty Place offer upscale shopping and a mid-to-low-range food court.
  • Chestnut Street Shopping Mid-range shopping awaits on Chestnut Street, with many ma-and-pa outfits in addition to bargain big-leaguers H&M and Daffy's.^ The Court also, of course, permitted questioning which brought out a statement which was based on no statement at all about the police allowing Lucky or somebody like that to work the street.

    ^ Additions were gradually made, until the line of market buildings extended in an unbroken line from the Delaware to Eighth Street and beyond.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
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    ^ Delaware Avenue - two buildings extending from Delaware Avenue to front Street - the great depot for oysters, fish, and Jersey produce.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
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    .This mainly runs from 11th St to 22nd St.
  • Walnut Street Shopping Walnut Street west of Broad is home to a range of national brands and boutiques, from the high-end Burberry, Tiffany and Diesel to locally managed Anthropologie and Urban Outfitters.
  • South Street Shopping [84] South Street between 9th and Front Streets holds a plethora of bargain stores and unique boutiques with a distinct urban Philadelphia flair.^ Hospital of Protestant Episcopal Church, south-east corner of Lehigh Avenue and Front Street, occupying a square of ground.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
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    ^ Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, south side of Spruce Street, between Thirty-fourth and Thirty-fifth, founded in 1871, opened partially for use in 1874.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
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    ^ Those running from river to river are crossed at right angles by those running north to south; the latter being designated numerically from the Delaware as Front, Second, Third, and so on; and the intersecting streets from East to West bearing, as a general thing, the names of trees or persons.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
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    .Retro Vintage, Guacamole and Condom Kingdom are among the most popular stores amidst a large amount of restaurants and bars.
  • Franklin Mills Mall If bargains are what you're looking for, Franklin Mills Mall's many outlet stores are where you need to be headed!
  • King of Prussia Mall Located in the suburbs, King of Prussia Mall is the largest mall on the east coast and offers a variety of shopping, from high-class stores like Armani to the more affordable Abercrombie and American Eagle stores.
  • The Reading Terminal Market A popular farmer's market with many vendors selling produce, meats, chocolates, and a variety of other usually handmade foodstuffs and items.^ Most likely many more.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ ANDREW You're not going to like this.
    • "Philadelphia", by Ron Nyswaner 28 January 2010 1:39 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ You're going into the office looking like that?
    • "Philadelphia", by Ron Nyswaner 28 January 2010 1:39 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: Original source]

    Some vendors have been in business for over a century.
  • Willow Grove Park Also located in the burbs, Willow Grove Park Mall sits on what was once an amusement park for suburbanites. .The mall features many mid-range stores and a suspended carousel.
  • Souvenirs Many places around Philadelphia carry souvenir items, most exclusively in the historical district (Old City) as well as the Reading Terminal Market.^ The divided authority caused by the subdivision of the city into many districts, all practically independent of each other, was a serious obstacle to the peaceful administration of the laws.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Chapter 5 Old Philadelphia (1701-1766 Continued) [Top of Page] [Home Page] So late as the year 1760 Philadelphia continued to be an unpaved city.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
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    ^ In 1859 the demolition of these old buildings began, and most of them were pulled down, their place being taken by large separate buildings in different parts of the city.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .From the Liberty Bell to the cheesesteak, these places will help you remember the whole trip.
  • Antique Row Pine street between 9th and 13th is home to a mix of antique stores and local gift and craft boutiques.^ When you're brought up, like the rest of us, in a place like where I was brought up, there's not a whole lot of discussion about...
    • "Philadelphia", by Ron Nyswaner 28 January 2010 1:39 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Homes for the Aged - Christ Church Hospital, between York and Huntington, and Forty-ninth and Fifteenth streets.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
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    ^ Northern Home for Friendless Children, occupying a square of ground between Twenty-second, Twenty-third, Brown, and Parrish streets.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
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    .Visit the Foodery at 10th and Pine for a selection of hundreds of by-the-bottle beers from around the world, or a few blocks down, ring the bell at Halloween (1329 Pine) for an incredible jewelry store experience that can accommodate any budget.
  • The Italian Market, [85].^ Liberty Bell, the Italian Market, scenes along the Delaware and Schuylkill Rivers, Independence Square, the Russian Orthodox neighborhood, the ghettos of North Philly.
    • "Philadelphia", by Ron Nyswaner 28 January 2010 1:39 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ You can also see a few chimney's around 30 ft high and u can also climb them and sometimes find oar hundreds of years old.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    .Home to the freshest produce and goods in Philadelphia, the Italian Market is an absolute "must" for Philadelphia visitors.^ Home of the Good Shepherd, for the reformation of unfortunate women, without respect to creed, in West Philadelphia, under charge of the Sisters of the Good Shepherd of the Roman Catholic Church.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    Combining the hustle and bustle of a market atmosphere with friendly merchants and high-quality products, the Italian Market is both a local and national attraction.
     edit
  • Reading Terminal Market, [86]. .The Reading Terminal Market is home to many of Pennsylvania's Amish merchants who sell their goods.^ Franklin, when applied to for the choice of someone who should be acceptable to Pennsylvania, designated Mr. John Hughes, a respectable merchant of Philadelphia and an old friend of his own.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Butler County - McConnell's Mill State Park - The old Mill turned state park is home to many spirits who still roam the hills and Slippery Rock Creek.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    .Here, you can find some of the best baked goods and the freshest organic produce in the region.^ You find yourself a female, paraplegic, legal assistant who is qualified to work here, except she can't take a leak...
    • "Philadelphia", by Ron Nyswaner 28 January 2010 1:39 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ THE COURT: Unless you can show me some cases, we are just going to stay here and argue all day for nothing.

    Additionally, the market features cheesesteaks and other non-Amish restaurants and shops.
     edit
  • Chinatown, [87]. .East of Broad Street, East meets West.^ Monument Cemetery, west side of Broad Street, between Montgomery Avenue and Diamond Street.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
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    ^ Later this plan was again contracted, and the boundaries of the city were declared to be Vine and Cedar Streets to the north and south, and the two rivers to the east and west.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
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    ^ Streets fifty feet in width run from north to south and from east to west, crossing each other at regular angles.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
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    Philadelphia's Chinatown is an ethnic section of the city that can't be missed. Why settle for Chinese buffets when you can get the authentic stuff right here? .There's no need to.^ There was no need for back-up counsel to sit at counsel table even, because his role was only as an assistant.

    ^ If, in fact, the defendant felt no need to call upon back-up counsel, then there was no role to play for back-up counsel.

    Chinatown is located north of The Gallery at Market East and close to the Reading Terminal Market.
     edit

Eat

See the Districts articles for specific listings.
Cheesesteak at Jim's Steak with Provolone cheese and onions
Cheesesteak at Jim's Steak with Provolone cheese and onions
Philly's most famous homegrown food is the cheesesteak, a sandwich made of a fresh roll filled with grilled shaved beef and cheese (as well as onions, mushrooms, and other optional sides). .The spiritual homes of the cheesesteak are Pat's King of Steaks [88] (where 9th Street crosses Wharton & Passyunk Ave.^ Passyunk Square occupies part of the old parade-ground between Twelfth, Thirteenth, Wharton, and Reed streets.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
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), where the cheesesteak was invented, and Geno's Steaks (9th & Passyunk), where they claim to have improved on Pat's version. .You can expect to pay around $9 for a cheesesteak, fries, and a soda at either one.^ When walking through the actual buildings you can hear someone following you through the buildings even though no one is around, and at times you hear someone whispering the name of your friends.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ When you turn around, though, no one is there.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ I am telling you that it will not be considered by the Appellate Court either because you can say one thing.

.Although Pat's and Geno's are the most famous cheesesteak joints, there are many others to choose from, particularly in South Philadelphia— John's Roast Pork at Snyder and alley-street Weccacoe is considered by many locals to offer a standout, and many prefer Jim's Steaks [89] or Tony Luke's [90].^ Paranormal activity is very high in this location and there are many other haunts in this area.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ And she has been said to have been many times my patients at night who tell other staff members that a nun was in there room and brought them a blanket or a water pitcher.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Assuming for a moment, your Honor, that in fact there were a lot of officers there, counsel didn't bring any other Philadelphia police officer to testify as to the legality of the statement.

.Though South Philadelphia is the undisputed home of this sandwich, Steve's Prince of Steaks in Northeast Philadelphia off Cottman Avenue is outstanding.^ Educational Home for Boys, Greenway Avenue, near Forty-ninth Street, West Philadelphia.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
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.'The Great Northeast' is also home to Chink's Steaks, a delightful drug-store throwback on Torresdale Avenue near the Delaware River.^ It is 136 miles northeast from Washington, and about a hundred from the Atlantic, following the Delaware Bay and River.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
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^ Delaware Avenue - two buildings extending from Delaware Avenue to front Street - the great depot for oysters, fish, and Jersey produce.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
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^ Educational Home for Boys, Greenway Avenue, near Forty-ninth Street, West Philadelphia.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
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.No cheesesteak aficionado can call himself such without a visit to Dalessandro's Steaks or Chubby's on Henry Avenue in the Roxborough section of Northwest Philadelphia (north of Manayunk and East Falls).^ The first house finished in Philadelphia was a small wooden one on the east side of Front Street, a little north of the place afterward called the Dock.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
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^ In 1740 he made a second visit to Philadelphia, but speedily involved himself in controversies with the leading people of the city, which had the effect to impair his influence.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
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^ The Roxborough Waterworks are on the east bank of the Schuylkill, above Manayunk, on the line of the Philadelphia and Norristown Railroad.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
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This regions best steak, though, is found at takeout only Sorrentino's on cresson in Manayunk. .Sonny's in Old City, on Market St between 3rd and fourth, also serves an excellent cheesesteak in a location convenient to Independence Hall.^ Independence - John T. Anderson Cemetery - Off Service Creek Road there is a very old church and cemetery located along the banks of the Ambridge Reservoir.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

Philadelphia's other notable sandwich is roast pork which can be found at Dinic's in the Reading Terminal Market, Tony Luke's, John's, or a latin version at Porky's Point[91]. Lastly, the city's best Roast Beef sandwich served on a locally baked sarcone's roll is at caffe chicco [92].
A caveat before ordering a cheesesteak, particularly at the often crowded Pat's and Geno's - know how to order. .There is somewhat of a 'no soup for you' attitude at these busy and fast-service oriented establishments which can really make a tourist stand out.^ Phoenixville - Death Hill - Dayton St – top of the hill - just over the hill there is a grave yard and it is said that the ghost come out of their graves in the middle of the night and switch spots with their buddies , also if you stand there and watch them they come and get you and put you in a grave...so be careful.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ No matter where you go in these buildings you can hear people talking and moving around, even though you are quiet.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ If you go into the morgue its very cold and feels like theres a fan on you with no windows in site.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

.The way to order is as follows: It is assumed that you are going to order a cheesesteak, so unless you are not, don't specify this.^ Turn your attention, therefore, first to your remotest provinces, that, as you get rid of them, the next may follow in order.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Also if you go to the third floor on a hot summer day (they do not have air conditioning up there unless thier son is staying over) its really cold.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ In the hallway going down the stairs there is this big picture of president Eisenhower, and when you go down the eyes follow you.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

First, say the type of cheese - only american, provolone, and whiz are generally available. Ask for swiss at your own risk. The only condiment that is not available in a jar outside the stand will be fried onions; with (wit) or without will specify your preference on the matter. So 'Whiz With, Provolone Without, etc. Not too complicated, and a straightforward way to have a nice local moment on your travels.
You can also find cheesesteaks at Reading Terminal Market, located at 12th and Arch Streets. .Here visitors will find many stands selling produce, meats, flowers, and baked goods.^ Distant drums have been reportedly heard by many, many visitors here.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

.Reading Terminal Market is a good place to get lunch if you are in the area.^ You can actually walk thru this place (beware, there are wild dog packs throughout) and good luck not getting lost.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

The multitude of vendors and low prices provide plenty of options for a quick meal. It's also home to one of the city's best pretzels (Miller's).
.Philadelphia's most famous snack is the salted soft pretzel, which, while shaped with the three holes like soft pretzels everywhere else, are distinctive in that they are flattened into a wide rectangle and are made in long chains in which the wide sides of the pretzels are attached.^ In 1739 the famous preacher, George Whitefield, made his first visit to Philadelphia.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ But they were found, with but few exceptions, on the side of the Crown, and as long as they dared they did not hesitate to show their disapprobation of the measures of resistance to wrong which led the way to independence [ Historic Mansions of Philadelphia," p.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ When they went back upstairs, they checked everywhere just to make sure that the boss hadn't come in for something that she for got or something like that, but no one was there.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

.A person may typically buy two, three, or more attached pretzels at a convenience store or from a street vendor.^ From Walnut to Mulberry and from Front to Second Street made three more, Walnut, Chestnut, and High.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Should the chief executive authority be vested in one person, or in two or three?

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ There is attached to it a chapel capable of holding two thousand persons.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

The price is low, especially compared to national vendor brands sold in other cities and in malls. .Unlike pretzels served in many other cities, Philly pretzels are not served hot, but at room temperature and often eaten with mustard.^ The divided authority caused by the subdivision of the city into many districts, all practically independent of each other, was a serious obstacle to the peaceful administration of the laws.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ And she has been said to have been many times my patients at night who tell other staff members that a nun was in there room and brought them a blanket or a water pitcher.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

The most famous sweet snack is from the Tastykake brand. Their main factory is in the Navy Yard in far south Philly, so every flavor and type of TastyKake is sold in Philadelphia, and they are usually extra fresh, since they do not have to travel far to the retail outlet. .Still, to out-of-towners, the appeal of these over other mass-produced confections may not be immediately apparent.^ Instead of being buried in individual graves, these immigrants were thrown into a mass grave pit that had been dug out in the woods.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

Also unique to the Philadelphia area are Goldenberg's Peanut Chews [93], a bit-sized chocolate bar with a chewy peanut center. Originally developed as a high-energy ration bar during WWI, but still popular today!
Scrapple is a favorite comfort food of native Philadelphians. .Best described as a spicy breakfast pork product, scrapple is of Pennsylvania Dutch origin and is made from pork by-products (you're better off not knowing exactly what's in it) and cornmeal, cooked into a thick pudding, formed into a loaf, sliced, and fried.^ IF you drive into the field and turn off your car but not your headlights you can see the girl run across the field.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The second floor is closed off, however there is a window you can look up into and some say that you can still see the nanny hanging there with the baby looking at her.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1733 an article appeared in Franklin's Pennsylvania Gazette," on fires, their origin, and the best methods for putting them out.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

.You'll find it on the breakfast menu of many neighborhood diners in Philly.^ SEIDMAN You'll never find it in the dark.
  • "Philadelphia", by Ron Nyswaner 28 January 2010 1:39 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: Original source]

Ask for it very crispy.
.Some other Philly foods include Philadelphia Cream Cheese, water ice, and hoagies.^ Following this came the openings of the Delaware and Maryland, and the Delaware and the Raritan canals, which united Philadelphia by a network of water-ways with Baltimore on the one hand, and New York on the other.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

Located in the far Northeast of Philadelphia at Byberry and Roosevelt Boulevard is the Kraft/Nabisco factory. Drive by with your windows down and take a whiff!
Wawa A convenience store similar in comparison to, but better than, 7-11.

Drink

.Because of a quirk in Pennsylvania's complicated liquor laws, it is very expensive and inconvenient for a restaurant to get a liquor license in Philadelphia.^ First of all, Pennsylvania does not allow sorority houses on campus because of an outdated law to do with houses of ill repute.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

Therefore, many of the smaller restaurants in Philadelphia, which include many of the best, are BYOB, that is, Bring Your Own Bottle. It's a charming oddity of Philadelphia restaurants that you will grow to love. .So head over to your local convenience store and pick something up, or dust off that bottle you've always been meaning to open, and have a wonderful dining experience downtown.^ You've always been so private.
  • "Philadelphia", by Ron Nyswaner 28 January 2010 1:39 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The second floor is closed off, however there is a window you can look up into and some say that you can still see the nanny hanging there with the baby looking at her.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ There's an area a few miles up Janesville pike where the guard rails end, there’s a small yellow sign, And a small area where you can pull off the road..
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

  • Philadelphia Brewing Company produces a variety of beers. .If you can't make it to the brewery (or find it in a bar) you can pick up a sampler pack (24 bottles) for around $30 at a beer distributor.
  • Yard's Brewing [94]produces a variety of beers, though notably Phiadelphia Pale Ale, ESA (especially if you find this in cask format), and the ales of the revolution..historically certified beers from recipes tied to Ben franklin, Jefferson, and a porter named after Gen.^ I think she used another name, "If you back up Cynthia, we will allow you to .

    ^ It has been reported that at night, when the wind starts to pick up you can hear voices through the trees around you.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Your supposed to drive up to this area, Get out of your vehicle, Light a match and while the wind blows the match out you say her name, Sylvia..
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    Washington. .Accessible via the Spring Garden Station on the Market Frankford el.
  • South Street - long narrow street in Center City with filled many bars/nightclubs/comedy clubs ranging from "dive" to "respectable". Additionally, there's the "Headhouse Square" on second street just north of south st which is a quaint home to an old market (actually new market is its name) and a number of bars and restaurants.
  • Penn's Landing/Delaware Avenue - Most drinking establishments are nightclubs and loud dance clubs.^ All dwellings above Market Street are marked north, and all below it, south.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ South Second Street, in which she is said to have lived.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Fairmount, southwest corner of Twenty-second and Spring Garden streets.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    They are not easy to get to, so having a car helps. .This area was once a large player in the nightlife scene before the explosion in nightlife in center city proper.
  • West Philly - many small neighborhood bars and dance clubs, Ethiopian establishments.^ Liberty Bell, the Italian Market, scenes along the Delaware and Schuylkill Rivers, Independence Square, the Russian Orthodox neighborhood, the ghettos of North Philly.
    • "Philadelphia", by Ron Nyswaner 28 January 2010 1:39 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ State College - The Lemont House - In the small town of Lemont (in state college), there are many large Victorian houses.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Penninsula - Mutaine Town - A small area on the outskirts of the small town is reportedly haunted in many places.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    You'll find Karaoke, blue grass and all around nice nights.
  • University City- This area has seen a dramatic increase in new restaurant and bar establishments in recent years in the areas between Drexel and 40th St, largely around Walnut St. College drinking establishments around/on Walnut, Sansom, Chestnut, and Spruce Streets.
  • Northeast Philly, (95 N from Center City via Cottman Ave. exit, Last stop on the Market-Frankford line, Frankford transportation center, connecting to the 66 Bus.). .Northeast Philly is made up of mostly Irish Catholic neighborhoods, known for pubs, bars, and after hour clubs.^ Their cause was a dispute between what was known as the "Native American" party and the Irish Catholics.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    Frankford Avenue is home to over 25 bars from Harbison Ave. to Solly Ave. in the Northeast. Rauchet's, Coach's, The COG, Reale's, Casper's, The Last Call, The Aldine, and Tom's Pub and the venerable beer bar Grey Lodge Tavern. .Great specials can be found at all of these bars.^ With all these facilities, however, the privation of the colony during the first winter must have been great.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .A cheap way to drink during Phillies or Eagles games is at Coach's, with a $10 all you can drink draft beer special.^ When you've groomed someone they way we groomed Andy, nurturing him, lavishing all kinds of special treatment on him...
    • "Philadelphia", by Ron Nyswaner 28 January 2010 1:39 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ THE COURT: If you look at your appointment sheet, you will see that you are appointed all the way up to the Supreme Court.

    ^ When you go at night, you put baby powder all over your car and drive to the center of the bridge and wait 10 minutes with no lights on.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    Paddywhacks is another popular bar in Northeast Philadelphia, located on the Roosevelt Blvd. Paddywhacks also has a location on South St. if the commute to the Northeast is too far. After hours clubs are also available in the Northeast, with the most popular club being the Yik-Yak. The Yik-Yak is open till 3:00 AM and even later for members. The diners along Frankford Ave. are a popular after-hours spot to get something to eat, including the Mayfair Diner, The Red-Robin Diner, and The Dining Car.
     edit
  • Northern Liberties, 19123. .Northern Liberties is one of the most up and coming neighborhoods in Philadelphia.^ The Philadelphia, the most important of the public libraries, is one of the oldest in the United States; and, so far as is known, was the first to inaugurate the lending system, now so prevalent.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .With recent condos and million dollar housing being built, the real estate in Northern Liberties has sky rocketed, making the scene some-what of a "yuppie" or "hipster" atmosphere.^ Built in the 1800s, it has been said that the school grounds lay over an Indian burial ground; thus making some very unhappy metaphysical presences.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ They would no longer advise going to the house now because it looks to be in bas shape, some work being done to it.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    .The Piazza, the newest addition to NL, is beautifully landscaped, 80,000 square foot open-air plaza with free events year-round, surrounded by three new buildings including 35 artist’s studios and boutiques, four new restaurants, 500 apartments and 50,000 square feet of office space.^ In three years after its foundation Philadelphia had gained more than New York in half a century.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The Philadelphia Almshouse consists of five main buildings, each three stories in height and five hundred feet long, and extending from a central building.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Four square towers in the centre and three at either end carried up the height of the building to 120 feet, and an admirable system of roof ventilation kept the air within singularly pure and cool.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .The Piazza is a sight to be seen in Philadelphia, surrounded by night life, restaurants, and even a bar/bowling alley, North Bowl.^ Murrysville - Wendy's Restaurant- Lamps have been seen swinging and abruptly stopping at night.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Some even deemed it an effeminacy in men to be seen cleaning the teeth at all" [Watson's "Annals of Philadelphia," vol.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .Northern Liberties is a great place to drink and socialize while living or visiting Philadelphia.  edit
  • Art Museum Area-includes the neighborhoods of Spring Garden and Fairmount near the Art Museum.^ In the spring of 1799 the waterworks of Philadelphia were begun by the construction of a reservoir near the banks of the Schuylkill, and of an edifice of marble at the centre square as a receiving fountain.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Fairmount, southwest corner of Twenty-second and Spring Garden streets.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ They were erected in 1844 as independent waterworks by the commissioners of Spring Garden and the Northern Liberties, after an ineffectual protest at the high rates charged to the inhabitants of the district as compared with those of the city proper.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    these neighborhoods are home to a number of establishments primarily on or just off Fairmount Ave (which runs to the museum). .London[95] and Rembrandt's[96]are both long time bars dating back a century or more, complete with tiles, tin ceilings, troughs and cater to a diverse crowd (which means attention is paid to beer AND wine as well as food).^ There are few cities in the world in which such strict attention is paid to the quality of food as in Philadelphia.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Enola - Summerdale - Summerdale Fire Station - Its said that a long time member who died years back still haunts the station.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Hollsopple - Old Hershberger Road - Back a long time ago, it is said that a schoolhouse was located in here where students would go to learn.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    there are a number of other notable places such as Brigid's (the city's original beer bar), Belgian Cafe (sister of Monk's), St. Stephen's Green, and the ancient dive bar (with beautiful tile work) Kelli Ann's.
  • Passyunk Ave-this street which runs from 5th and south to the schuylkill expressway, the former and commercial district in South Philly, has recently come alive at night with old timers such as Marra's serving wine and pizza and newcomers such as Pub on Passyunk East, Cantina, Royal Tavern, Lucky 13, two capogrio gelato shops, coffee shops,etc. Distinct sections are part of Queen Village/Bella Vista (5th to washington ave) and Passyunk Sq (Dickinson to Snyder]. .West of Broad has shown some signs of new nightlife but is largely commercial.
  • Center City-technically vine to south, river to river, is home to what seems like an ever increasing number of watering holes and has become the region's premier nightlife destination.^ New Hope - Odette's Restaurant South River Rd - Some of the staff here at Odette's have seen a figure of a women that was supposed to have worked at the restaurant before it was named Odette's possible it was during the time it was the River House Restaurant the women was to have been murdered there, but we can't seem to find any accounts of a murder.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The Water Department, which is under control of the city, consists of the following officers: a Chief Officer, a Register, and a Chief Clerk, besides a large force of draughtsman, clerks, engineers, and laborers.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Having thus a large river to the east and west, and fanned by strong currents of air, the situation of Philadelphia in point of healthfulness is most advantageous.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .It has a number of submarkets including, but not limited to:
  • Old City-This is the area that deflated Delaware Avenue.^ Homer City - In this area there is an old logging road.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    It's chock full of restaurants, bars, and clubs like Cuba Libre, Eulogy Belgian Tavern, Race St Cafe, Fork, Amada (renowned spanish bar and restaurant), National Mechanics Bank, Triumph brewpub, and many, many more.
  • 13th st-once the city's red light district that was a veritable flea market from vine to pine it has blossomed into a growing nightlife destination (mainly south of market) including el Vez, Vintage wine bar, Sampan, Zavino pizza, Time absinthe, whiskey, and beer bar, the original capogiro gelato, bindi Indian fusion, Amis roman style trattoria, and many more.
  • West of Broad-the city's most developed section includes the venerable Monk's Belgian Cafe, Parc restaurant on Rittenhouse Sq, Rouge, Village Whiskey, and the Oyster House and probably a hundred more.

Sleep

Hostels

.Philadelphia is home to a limited number of hostels (compared to major US and international cities).^ Chapter 5 Old Philadelphia (1701-1766 Continued) [Top of Page] [Home Page] So late as the year 1760 Philadelphia continued to be an unpaved city.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Machinery Hall was built from appropriations made by the city of Philadelphia, its cost being, in round number, $550,000.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ ASYLUMS AND HOMES The number of these charitable institutions in Philadelphia is very large.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

Currently, three are located within the city limits:
.
  • Apple Hostels of Philadelphia, 32 S Bank St, (Old City), Philadelphia, PA 19106, +1 215 922-0222 (), [97].^ "On the 11th of March, 1789, the Legislature of the State had granted a new charter to the city of Philadelphia, the old one having been superseded by the events of the Revolution.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Chapter 5 Old Philadelphia (1701-1766 Continued) [Top of Page] [Home Page] So late as the year 1760 Philadelphia continued to be an unpaved city.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Philadelphia - The old Penn Rynn Manor - Used to be the Biddle estate(as in Bailey, Banks and Biddle) It is right on the Delaware river.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    .(,Located in downtown Philadelphia, less than 3 blocks from the Liberty Bell and Independence Hall, free wireless Internet (for travelers with laptops), free bed linens, no curfews, no lockouts.^ Liberty Bell, the Italian Market, scenes along the Delaware and Schuylkill Rivers, Independence Square, the Russian Orthodox neighborhood, the ghettos of North Philly.
    • "Philadelphia", by Ron Nyswaner 28 January 2010 1:39 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It now holds a valuable collection of relics, including the original charter of the city of Philadelphia, with Penn's signature and the great seal of the State, and the Liberty Bell, now cracked and soundless, which rang forth the Declaration of American Independence.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Philadelphia - Saint Mary's Annex at Saint Joseph's University - In this converted convent, located on the fringes of the Saint Joseph's campus, many ghostly nuns have been seen walking the halls.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    .Affordable, clean hostel with loads of free activities, friendly & knowledgeable staff and plenty of outside tours you can book at the reception desk that's open 24 hours.)
     edit
  • HI - Chamounix Mansion Hostel, 3250 Chamounix Drive (West Fairmount Park), Philadelphia, PA 19131, 215 878-3676, [98].^ It was opened for public use in 1835, and is under the control of the Commissioners of Fairmount Park.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ If you drive through the bridge and park in the middle facing the side farthest from the mill you will see his ghost.
    • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Until the organization of the Board of Finance, Philadelphia had defrayed the whole expenses of the committees and the opening of the subscription-books.

    • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
      18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

    (,On a scenic bluff above the Schuylkill River and 45 minutes to downtown Philadelphia's cultural and historic attractions. Associated with Hostelling International) edit
  • ucityhostel-Sansom Place West, 3650 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, PA
(267) 438-3335‎ [99]

Hotels

.There is a wide variety of hotels located in the city of Philadelphia.^ There are few cities in the world in which such strict attention is paid to the quality of food as in Philadelphia.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Markets - The provision supply of Philadelphia is superior to that of most cities, and her markets have always had a wide celebrity.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

Hotels usually range from $100 to $200 a night, excluding weeks with major trade conventions. Center City is home to a wide variety of moderate and high end hotel chains that can be found in five main areas:
  • Convention Center: Loew's, Marriott, Courtyard by Marriott, Residences at the Marriott, Four Points, Hampton Inn, Le Meridien, Hilton Garden, Travelodge, Clarion Suites
  • Rittenhouse/West Market-Palomar, Latham, Rittenhouse hotel, Bellevue at Stratford, Ritz Carlton, Embassy Suites, Four Seasons, Crowne Plaza, Sofitel, Club Quarters, Windsor Suites, Westin
  • East of Broad/Washington Sq West-Doubletree, Alexander Inn, Independent Hotel, Holiday Inn, Rodeway Inn, Parker Spruce
  • Old City (near Independence Hall)-Sheraton Society hill, Penn's View, Comfort Inn, Hyatt, Omni, Holiday Inn, Best Western
  • Philadelphia International Airport located in South Philadelphia
there are more hotels both in these areas and around .Philadelphia from the Chestnut Hill Hotel to the Holiday Inn at the stadiums, a few in University City, and many smaller places.^ Milford - Tom Quick Inn - Over a century old, the Victorian Tom Quick Inn, one of the historical hotels in Milford, has undoubtedly acquired at least a few spirits over the years.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Monroe County - Buck Hill Inn - There are many places where there is paranormal activity.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ A few days after this useless demonstration, the British troops were marched to the lower part of the city, crossed the river in boats, and quitted Philadelphia, never to return.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

Contact

.Philadelphia is thoroughly covered by all of the major American cellular telephone companies.^ I have the pleasure to assure you that these are the sentiments of all my sister Americans" ["Annals of Philadelphia," vol.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Philadelphia heads all other American cities in the accomodation provided for the poor man, and has thereby earned the honorable title of "The City of Homes."

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

.AT&T Wireless, Verizon Wireless, Sprint-Nextel Wireless, and T-Mobile Communications phones will all receive full service in most parts of the city.^ Toward evening many wagons full of the wounded arrived in the city, whose groans and sufferings were enough to move the most inhuman heart to pity.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ "The situation," writes Penn, "is not surpassed by one among all the many places I have seen in the world" - and he had visited most of the cities of Europe.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1859 the demolition of these old buildings began, and most of them were pulled down, their place being taken by large separate buildings in different parts of the city.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

As always, service indoors varies according to signal strength, phone brand, and the composition of the building itself. AT&T has contracted with SEPTA to provide wireless service in transit tunnels.
Wireless Philadelphia, a project that intended to cover the entire city with wireless internet access, is undergoing some management troubles. .While the entire city is not yet covered, Rittenhouse Park, as well as many Starbucks and the ING Cafe at 17th and Walnut Streets, are hot spots.^ To this day there have been sightings of the ghost on the elevation from which he had fallen from as well as many "cool" spots in a building which is anything but cool.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Sugar Valley - The entire area - There are numerous hot spots in the whole of the valley from haunted houses, to a demon in the woods who has been felt by many and seen from the corner of the eye.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Gettysburg - Gettysburg National Military Park - many ghosts of civil war soldiers have been seen here including entire battles being observed by witnesses.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

REading Terminal Market also has free wifi.

Cope

Colloquialisms
.For someone who isn't familiar with either the Mid-Atlantic / Northeast or even just Philadelphia, local lingo in the area can seem rather daunting.^ Maybe they don't want to rub elbows with someone who's just popped out of the closet with a terminal case of acne.
  • "Philadelphia", by Ron Nyswaner 28 January 2010 1:39 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Franklin, when applied to for the choice of someone who should be acceptable to Pennsylvania, designated Mr. John Hughes, a respectable merchant of Philadelphia and an old friend of his own.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

Here is a breakdown of Philadelphia's most popular local terms:
  • Wooder Water
  • Youse (guys) You guys, you all. Second-person plural. (Can sound like /juːs/ or /juːz/.)
  • Water Ice A dessert served by local restaurants that features flavored slushy ice. Sometimes called Italian Ice. Pop's, near the corners of Oregon Avenue and Broad Street, is arguably the most popular.
  • Gravy Simple marinara sauce served with Italian food.
  • Coffee Regular Coffee with cream and sugar.
  • Jimmies Chocolate candy sprinkled onto desserts or ice cream.
  • Dis, Dat, Dey, Dees, Doze, Dem, Dough This, That, They, These, Those, Them, Though
  • Hoagie Submarine sandwich.
  • Grinder A toasted hoagie.
.Please note that different neighborhoods within Philadelphia all have slightly different accents, making the language possibly even harder to understand or pick up.^ If I gave you an example, where someone is picked up ten hours later or even an hour later -- .

^ Some even deemed it an effeminacy in men to be seen cleaning the teeth at all" [Watson's "Annals of Philadelphia," vol.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

Stay safe

.The city is struggling with violent crime, and has one of the worst murder rates in the US among major cities, earning the "City of Brotherly Love" a grim new nickname: "Killadelphia."^ "On the 11th of March, 1789, the Legislature of the State had granted a new charter to the city of Philadelphia, the old one having been superseded by the events of the Revolution.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Sadly, as is the case in most American cities, the vast majority of the murders occur in underprivileged neighborhoods.^ In 1844 occurred the most terrible riots that the city had ever known.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

While tourists are unlikely targets for violence, innocent bystanders have been killed and wounded in shootings near popular destinations. .The violence is generally concentrated in the north central portion of the city, and between Drexel University and the Philadelphia Zoo (though the latter location has seen some improvements).^ Philadelphia - Saint Mary's Annex at Saint Joseph's University - In this converted convent, located on the fringes of the Saint Joseph's campus, many ghostly nuns have been seen walking the halls.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ This cemetery is divided into three portions, known as the North, Central, and South Laurel Hill.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Some even deemed it an effeminacy in men to be seen cleaning the teeth at all" [Watson's "Annals of Philadelphia," vol.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

.It is not wise to walk or even drive too far off Broad Street (PA Route 611) in North Philly around the Temple University area.^ When walking through the actual buildings you can hear someone following you through the buildings even though no one is around, and at times you hear someone whispering the name of your friends.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Tobyhanna - Route 611 - Back in the 70s a man was walking home from a bar on a foggy night.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ There is also a patch of thick pine trees off the trail not too far from the parking area.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

.However, most of Center City Philadelphia is perfectly safe.^ The final adoption of the Act was celebrated in Philadelphia on the 4th of July, 1788, by the most magnificent procession ever known in the city.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Markets - The provision supply of Philadelphia is superior to that of most cities, and her markets have always had a wide celebrity.

  • A Short History of the City of Philadelphia (1880)
    18 September 2009 6:24 UTC www.faculty.fairfield.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Wealthier neighborhoods, like Rittenhouse Square, Old City and Society Hill, are especially safe, as are most central districts, including the majority of West Philly, the Art Museum Area, Chinatown, the Parkway, Bella Vista, the Northern Liberties and parts of South Philly.^ Liberty Bell, the Italian Market, scenes along the Delaware and Schuylkill Rivers, Independence Square, the Russian Orthodox neighborhood, the ghettos of North Philly.
  • "Philadelphia", by Ron Nyswaner 28 January 2010 1:39 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Homer City - In this area there is an old logging road.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ DuBois - DuBois Central Catholic (Old Building, now part of DRMC West) - One of the old Headmasters likes to shut out lights and mess with the doors.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Pennsylvania 28 January 2010 1:38 UTC theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]