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.Philanthropy is the effort or inclination to increase the well-being of humankind, as by charitable aid or donations.^ So too with philanthropy: Charitable donations achieve seemingly disproportionate results when they are directed to the point of maximal leverage.
  • The Call of the Philanthropist - Features - Philanthropy Roundtable 2 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.philanthropyroundtable.org [Source type: Original source]

Contents

Etymology

.It is generally agreed that the word was coined 2500 years ago in ancient Greece by the playwright Aeschylus, or whoever else wrote Prometheus Bound (line 11).^ It is run by a small group of kids in NYC, and was founded three years ago by 10 year old (about to be 11!
  • SAJAforum: Philanthropy 10 January 2010 19:27 UTC www.sajaforum.org [Source type: General]

.There the author told as a myth how the primitive creatures that were created to be human, at first had no knowledge, skills, or culture of any kind—so they lived in caves, in the dark, in constant fear for their lives.^ Of course I don’t doubt that there are places where Atheists are attacked for their beliefs, I just don’t think it’s accurate to say we live in an anti-Atheist culture.
  • Warren Buffet: Atheist Philanthropist? 2 February 2010 16:016 UTC atheism.about.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In human rights, a conceptual breakthrough generally involves no new knowledge, but rather the rigorous application of a principle we already knew.
  • Ben Casnocha: The Blog: Philanthropy 10 January 2010 19:27 UTC ben.casnocha.com [Source type: General]

.Zeus, the tyrannical king of the gods, decided to destroy them, but Prometheus, a Titan whose name meant “forethought,” out of his "philanthropos tropos" or “humanity-loving character” gave them two empowering, life-enhancing, gifts: fire, symbolizing all knowledge, skills, technology, arts, and science; and “blind hope” or optimism.^ By social capital Simon meant not only natural resources but, more important, the technology and organizational skills in the community, and the presence of good government.
  • Ben Casnocha: The Blog: Philanthropy 10 January 2010 19:27 UTC ben.casnocha.com [Source type: General]

.The two went together—with fire, humans could be optimistic; with optimism, they could use fire constructively, to improve the human condition.^ In the wake of Barack Obama's victory, as conservatives ponder how they will use their time "in the wilderness," they could do worse than to emulate Mr. Simon's example.
  • Interview: Bill Simon, Philanthropist - WSJ.com 2 February 2010 16:016 UTC online.wsj.com [Source type: News]

.The new word, φιλάνθρωπος philanthropos, combined two words: φίλος philos, “loving” in the sense of benefitting, caring for, nourishing; and ἄνθρωπος anthropos, “human being” in the sense of “humankind”, “humanity”, or “human-ness”.^ Two new humans had entered the kennel and the other dogs were all barking, “Take ME to a forever home!

^ Any job that puts you in contact with another human being, even if that contact is through art or the written word or over the phone, is an occupation that allows someone to affect change.

.Prometheus did not “love” the proto-humans individually, because at that mythical point in time individuality did not yet exist—that requires culture.^ Hanna supports each of these individuals, because he believes their work is indispensable to the task of cultural renewal, and because he believes his support is indispensable to their efforts.
  • The Call of the Philanthropist - Features - Philanthropy Roundtable 2 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.philanthropyroundtable.org [Source type: Original source]

What he evidently “loved”, therefore, was their human potential—what they could accomplish and become with “fire” and “blind hope”. The two gifts in effect completed the creation of humankind as a distinctly civilized animal. 'Philanthropia'—loving what it is to be human—was thought to be the key to civilization.[1]
The Greeks adopted the “love of humanity” as an educational ideal, whose goal was excellence (areté)—the fullest development of body, mind and spirit, which is the essence of liberal education. The Platonic Academy's philosophical dictionary defined Philanthropia as: “A state of well-educated habits stemming from love of humanity. A state of being productive of benefit to humans.” Philanthropia was later translated by the Romans into Latin as, simply, humanitas—humane-ness. And because Prometheus’ human-empowering gifts rebelled against Zeus’ tyranny, philanthropia was also associated with freedom and democracy. .Both Socrates and the laws of Athens were described as “philanthropic and democratic”—a common expression, the idea being that philanthropic humans are reliably capable of self-government.^ We were classmates at Harvard Law School, and since then we have both worked in the nonprofit and philanthropic sectors.
  • SAJAforum: Philanthropy 10 January 2010 19:27 UTC www.sajaforum.org [Source type: General]

.Putting all this together in modern terms, there are four relatively authoritative definitions of “philanthropy” that come close to the Classical concept: John W. Gardner’s “private initiatives for the public good”; Robert Payton’s “voluntary action for the public good”; Lester Salamon’s “the private giving of time or valuables…for public purposes” and Robert Bremner’s “the aim of philanthropy…is improvement in the quality of human life”.^ He also works at the private equity firm he co-founded with his father and brother and, in his spare time, gives away his own money.
  • Interview: Bill Simon, Philanthropist - WSJ.com 2 February 2010 16:016 UTC online.wsj.com [Source type: News]

^ Reich continues by wondering whether philanthropy and private foundations do a good job at redstributing wealth, at serving those most in need.
  • Ben Casnocha: The Blog: Philanthropy 10 January 2010 19:27 UTC ben.casnocha.com [Source type: General]

^ There are signs that self-interest and sympathy are coming closer together .
  • Lunch over IP: Philanthropy 10 January 2010 19:27 UTC www.lunchoverip.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Combining these to connect modern philanthropy with its entire previous history, “philanthropy” may best be defined as, “private initiatives for public good, focusing on quality of life.”
.This distinguishes it from government (public initiatives for public good) and business (private initiatives for private good).^ Private foundations using a social venture capital model (private funds investing in the public good) often aim their efforts at root causes.

^ Organized strategic philantropy by foundations that spend incomes from private endowments and do not raise funds from public campaigns tend to support strategic initiatives intending to be alleviative.

.Omitting the definite article “the” with “public good” avoids the dubious assumption that there is ever a single, knowable public good, and in any case people rarely if ever agree on what that might be; rather, this definition merely says that the benefactor intends a “public” rather than an exclusively “private” good or benefit.^ This must be because there is no story in suggesting that GiveMeaning is up to anything other than trying to achieve and facilitate social good.

^ And focusing on programs rather than people or projects tends to help spread the wealth.

^ Private foundations using a social venture capital model (private funds investing in the public good) often aim their efforts at root causes.

The inclusion of “quality of life” ensures the strong humanistic emphasis of the Promethean archetype.
The Classical view of philanthropy disappeared in the Middle Ages, was rediscovered and revived with the Renaissance, and came into the English language in the early 17th century. Sir Francis Bacon in 1592 wrote in a letter that his “vast contemplative ends” expressed his “philanthropia”, and his 1608 essay On Goodness defined his subject as “the affecting of the weale of men... what the Grecians call philanthropia.” Henry Cockeram, in his English dictionary (1623), cited “philanthropie” as a synonym for “humanitie” (in Latin, humanitas) — thus reaffirming the Classical formulation.

Philanthropy in the USA

"Voluntary Associations"

What emerged in this way was a culture of collaboration. .Colonial society was built by volunteers, or as Alexis de Tocqueville later referred to them, “voluntary associations” — which is to say, "private initiatives for public good, focusing on quality of life". He observed that they permeated American life, were a distinguishing feature of the American character and culture, and a key to American democracy.^ Private foundations using a social venture capital model (private funds investing in the public good) often aim their efforts at root causes.

^ "Look at Maggie Gallagher," says Hanna, referring to the president of the Institute for Marriage and Public Policy.
  • The Call of the Philanthropist - Features - Philanthropy Roundtable 2 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.philanthropyroundtable.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Private foundations also invest in the public good through their support of educational and cultural institutions so that we all have access to art, music, history, and other opportunities for informal learning.

.October 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] Americans, he said, did not rely on others — government, an aristocracy, or the church — to solve their public problems; rather, they did it themselves, through voluntary associations, which is to say, philanthropy, which was characteristically democratic.^ In the future people won't see philanthropy as the primary means of solving social problems (which doesn't mean that philanthropy will disappear).
  • Lunch over IP: Philanthropy 10 January 2010 19:27 UTC www.lunchoverip.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ October 3, 2009 at 3:55 pm (28) Joe says: Sure are many strawman arguments by atheist.
  • Warren Buffet: Atheist Philanthropist? 2 February 2010 16:016 UTC atheism.about.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1990, Lindy explains that they did have a democratic election in which a woman named Lim Wai won.
  • The Philanthropist: Season 1, Episode 2 – Myanmar Recap « TVOvermind 2 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.tvovermind.com [Source type: General]

.One of the first, if not the first of these, was also one of the first American governments: the Mayflower Compact of 1620.[citation needed] The Pilgrims, still offshore but in American waters as it were, declared that they “solemnly and mutually, in the Presence of God and one another, combine ourselves together into a civil Body Politick, for our better Ordering and Preservation.” The first corporation, Harvard College (1636), also in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, was a philanthropic voluntary association created to train young men for the clergy.^ "Government needs to recognize and spread the word about social enterprises; in Britain only one-fourth of people know what they are".
  • Lunch over IP: Philanthropy 10 January 2010 19:27 UTC www.lunchoverip.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What if the philanthropic innovations can combine with each other (and other forces of good) to become catalytic and create lasting breakthroughs to respond to challenges?
  • Lunch over IP: Philanthropy 10 January 2010 19:27 UTC www.lunchoverip.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All one must do is look around and see that economic moguls like Warren Buffet are gods among men; his outreach to the rich is not charity.
  • Warren Buffet: Atheist Philanthropist? 2 February 2010 16:016 UTC atheism.about.com [Source type: Original source]

As was typical in that period, American philanthropic associations had ideological dimensions. Three of the leading English colonies—Massachusetts, Pennsylvania and Virginia—were styled “Commonwealths”, which meant a purportedly ideal society in which all members contributed to the “common weal”—the public good.
A leading promoter of this Classical and Christian ideal was the preacher Cotton Mather, who in 1710 published a widely read American classic, Bonifacius, or an Essay to Do Good. Mather seems to have been concerned that the original idealism had eroded, so he advocated philanthropic benefaction as a way of life. Though his context was Christian, his idea was also characteristically American and explicitly Classical, on the threshold of the Enlightenment.
."Let no man pretend to the Name of A Christian, who does not Approve the proposal of A Perpetual Endeavour to Do Good in the World.… The Christians who have no Ambition to be [useful], Shall be condemned by the Pagans; among whom it was a Term of the Highest Honour, to be termed, A Benefactor; to have Done Good, was accounted Honourable.^ There’s stupid stuff in it, sure, but Fontana has found a new twist on the old “only one man, one tortured, brooding genius, stands between evil and good.” It’s basically House with no medicine and a billionaire who decides to try and help the less-advantaged folks of the world.
  • The Philanthropist - "Pilot" | Other Shows | TV Club | TV | The A.V. Club 2 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.avclub.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Maybe giving kids toys like this that let them observe long-term dynamics over a short period is a way in which games can change the world".
  • Lunch over IP: Philanthropy 10 January 2010 19:27 UTC www.lunchoverip.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Meet Tom Siebel who, unlike the character on NBC's fictional drama The Philanthropist , really does help his fellow man.
  • Pajamas Media » The (Real) Philanthropist 2 February 2010 16:016 UTC pajamasmedia.com [Source type: General]

.The Philosopher [i.e., Aristotle ], being asked why Every one desired so much to look upon a Fair Object!^ In many ways their playbook looks much like the one used by the plain old Ps.

He answered That it was a Question of a Blind man. If any man ask, as wanting the Sense of it, What is it worth the while to Do Good in the world! I must Say, It Sounds not like the Question of a Good man.” (p.21)
.Mather’s many practical suggestions for doing good had strong civic emphases—founding schools, libraries, hospitals, useful publications, etc.^ He says of asking John Gardner on how best to use this fortune and getting as an answer: "Bet on good people doing good things" .
  • Lunch over IP: Philanthropy 10 January 2010 19:27 UTC www.lunchoverip.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Private foundations using a social venture capital model (private funds investing in the public good) often aim their efforts at root causes.

^ PLUS they then give an extra $1391 to religious institutions (MANY OF WHICH ARE RELIGIOUS CHARITIES DOING, SAY, DISASTER RELIEF OR WORK WITH THE HOMELESS ETC.).
  • Warren Buffet: Atheist Philanthropist? 2 February 2010 16:016 UTC atheism.about.com [Source type: Original source]

.They were not primarily about rich people helping poor people, but about private initiatives for public good, focusing on quality of life.^ "Government needs to recognize and spread the word about social enterprises; in Britain only one-fourth of people know what they are".
  • Lunch over IP: Philanthropy 10 January 2010 19:27 UTC www.lunchoverip.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And focusing on programs rather than people or projects tends to help spread the wealth.

^ So often, you see rich people throw around their money to check the "doing good" box.
  • Ben Casnocha: The Blog: Philanthropy 10 January 2010 19:27 UTC ben.casnocha.com [Source type: General]

Two young Americans whose prominent lives, they later said, were influenced by Mather’s book, were Benjamin Franklin and Paul Revere.

Benjamin Franklin

.Regarded in his own time as “the first great American,” lionized in 18th-century Europe and America as a model of American values, and especially of the Enlightenment in America, the key to his life was his Classical, and classically American, philanthropy.^ They are also owning assets for the first time.
  • Lunch over IP: Philanthropy 10 January 2010 19:27 UTC www.lunchoverip.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There's a great article in the Stanford Social Innovation Review titled " A Failure of Philanthropy: American charity shortchanges the poor, and public policy is partly to blame ."
  • Ben Casnocha: The Blog: Philanthropy 10 January 2010 19:27 UTC ben.casnocha.com [Source type: General]

^ Bundles, A'Lelia On Her Own Ground: The Life and Times of Madam C. J. Walker.

He self-consciously and purposefully oriented his life around volunteer public service. .Even his political rival in France, John Adams, avowed that “there was scarcely a peasant or citizen” who “did not consider him as a friend to humankind.” Immanuel Kant, the leading philosopher of the German Enlightenment, called Franklin the “new Prometheus” for stealing fire from the heavens in his scientific experiments with lightning as electricity, for the benefit of mankind.^ British writer and social philosopher Charles Handy has recently published with his wife Elizabeth a book called " The new philanthropists ", where 23 people are portrayed.
  • Lunch over IP: Philanthropy 10 January 2010 19:27 UTC www.lunchoverip.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Franklin had direct connections with the Scottish Enlightenment; he was called “Dr. Franklin” because he had been awarded honorary degrees from the three Scottish Universities—St. Andrews, Glasgow and Edinburgh—and while travelling there he had personally befriended the leading Scottish Enlightenment thinkers.
In Philadelphia, Franklin created perhaps the first personal system of civic philanthropy in America. As a young tradesman in 1727, he formed the “Junto”: a 12-member club that met on Friday evenings to discuss current issues and events. One of the four qualifications for membership was the “love [of] mankind in general”. .Two years later (1729) he founded the Philadelphia Gazette, and for the next thirty years he used the Junto as a sort of think-tank to generate and vet philanthropic ideas, and the Gazette to test and mobilize public support, recruit volunteers, and fund-raise.^ (SUPPORT) The communication efforts used by the intermediary foundation to get the word out about the programs they fund with SIF dollars.

^ And then once the funds are raised, you can keep track of how the project you are supporting is unfolding because blog updates, photos and sometimes video will be posted at GiveMeaning.

^ "The public policies designed to support the philanthropic and nonprofit sector represent a wide-scale, costly government intervention."
  • Ben Casnocha: The Blog: Philanthropy 10 January 2010 19:27 UTC ben.casnocha.com [Source type: General]

.This system was heroically productive and beneficial, creating America’s first subscription library (1731), a volunteer fire association, a fire insurance association, the American Philosophical Society (1743-4), an “academy” (1750—which became the University of Pennsylvania), a hospital (1752—through fundraising with a challenge grant), the paving and patrolling of public streets, the finance and construction of a civic meeting house, and many others.^ Unlike many others, he committed himself to creating sufficient capital to make significant investments in education reform.
  • The Call of the Philanthropist - Features - Philanthropy Roundtable 2 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.philanthropyroundtable.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Matching grants allow an organization to use other people's money to incentivize further fundraising, without diminishing the enthusiasm of other donors.
  • The Call of the Philanthropist - Features - Philanthropy Roundtable 2 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.philanthropyroundtable.org [Source type: Original source]

^ An analogous strategy can be applied to philanthropy through the creation of matching grants.
  • The Call of the Philanthropist - Features - Philanthropy Roundtable 2 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.philanthropyroundtable.org [Source type: Original source]

In 1747 the Pennsylvania Colony was disrupted by violent conflicts with Indians in the west, and with French-Canadian privateers in the lower Delaware River. The government in Philadelphia was Quaker, hence pacifist, and did nothing. .Franklin, increasingly frustrated with this inaction, consulted his Junto, and published a pamphlet, Plain Truth, declaring that Pennsylvania was defenseless unless the people would take matters into their own hands.^ How many of those families would be willing to take a homeless person into their homes?

.He proposed a “military association” to raise funds and a private militia, and within a few weeks it had recruited more than a hundred companies, with over 10,000 men-at-arms, and raised over £6,500 in a public lottery.^ According to Barack Obama's official website, more than 280,000 people have created accounts on BarackObama.com.

^ Private foundations using a social venture capital model (private funds investing in the public good) often aim their efforts at root causes.

^ Leo again wholeheartedly concurs: "Frank is the kind of philanthropist who provides more than funding.
  • The Call of the Philanthropist - Features - Philanthropy Roundtable 2 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.philanthropyroundtable.org [Source type: Original source]

This was a prototype of the American Revolution.

The American Revolution

The Classical view of philanthropy provided the conceptual model, and voluntary associations the procedural model, for the American Revolution. The Revolution began in Concord, Massachusetts—arguably one of the epicenters of American philanthropy. “Here once the embattled farmers stood,/ And fired the shot heard ‘round the world.” - Ralph Waldo Emerson's "Concord Hymn"
The 'farmers' referred to in this line were the “Minutemen”, voluntary associations of farmers who would be ready to leave their farms and take up arms against the British. .They were warned by observers and riders, most famously by Paul Revere, an avid and leading volunteer in many civic causes, who had organized a voluntary association of troop observers and riders like himself to rally the towns around Boston.^ Poverty is caused by the institutions , like the banks which neglect and ignore two thirds of people in the world who are not eligible to get a loan from a traditional bank.
  • Lunch over IP: Philanthropy 10 January 2010 19:27 UTC www.lunchoverip.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The Continental Army was manned by volunteers, and financed by private donations; its Commanding General, George Washington, served without pay as a volunteer for three years until his wife gave child birth to their son george, explicitly pro bono publico—for the public good. He often signed his letters, “Philanthropically yours”.[citation needed]
Throughout the Colonies, the commitment to independence had been cultivated by innumerable voluntary political associations, such as the Sons of Liberty.
The Founders at Independence Hall in Philadelphia acted as a philanthropic voluntary association. The Declaration of Independence was the first instance in history in which the creation of a national government was formally preceded by an idealistic mission statement—routine in voluntary associations—addressed to, on behalf of, and for the benefit of, all mankind. The Declaration concludes with a voluntary pledge by the Founders as individuals “to each other” of their personal lives, fortunes, and sacred honor.
The first form of government proposed for the new nation was called an “Association”. The final form, the United States Constitution, proceeded as a voluntary association, also beginning with a mission statement and—another “first” in history—ratified by vote of its individual members, "The People". The Constitution’s “Preamble” featured private initiative, public good, and quality of life:
“WE THE PEOPLE of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.”
Finally, in the very first Federalist Paper, page 1, paragraph 1, Alexander Hamilton launched the Founders’ argument for the Constitution’s ratification, by noting that “it is commonly remarked” that in creating this new nation, Americans were acting on behalf of, and for the benefit of, all mankind. “This” he wrote, “adds the inducements of philanthropy to those of patriotism.”
And “commonly remarked” it was—: In 1776, Thomas Paine had written in Common Sense, his very popular and influential tract for independence:
“The cause of America is in a great measure the cause of all mankind. Many circumstances have, and will arise, which are not local, but universal, and through which the principles of all Lovers of Mankind (emphasis here) are affected, and in the Event of which, their Affections are interested.”
As Ben Franklin had said to the French about the American Revolution: “We are fighting for the dignity and happiness of human nature.”
.The “philanthropy” Hamilton was talking about was not “rich helping poor”, but private initiatives for public good, focusing on quality of life.^ We have more tools and tips that can help Families can talk about philanthropy.

^ The quiet example of leading the life that many others TALK about will inspire others around you.

^ While I think it’s important to reach out to as many people as possible, I think it’s far more important to live the life you are talking about.

Classical philanthropy had become classically American. .The United States was not only created by philanthropy, but also for philanthropy—to be a philanthropic nation, a gift to humanity, squarely in the Promethean tradition.^ The Women in Philanthropy Web site does not make grants or gifts - this is an information only Web site.

19th Century: Disintegration

.The Founders’ synthesis, of the Classical view of philanthropy with American patriotic voluntary associations, did not sustain its cultural leadership.^ Women's Culture: American Philanthropy and Art, 1830-1930.

The Enlightenment, of which it was the quintessential American expression, was swept away in Europe by the French Revolution, Napoleon, and Romanticism. In America, the early history of the Republic saw rapid, tumultuous, growth and a sorting-out of what had been accomplished. The onset of the Industrial Revolution, waves of immigration, urban growth and westward expansion, together with shifting political practices and a new cast of characters in political leadership, combined to dissolve the philanthropic culture and spirit of its founding.
That disintegration was noticed and regretted. The blossoming of American literature in the 19th century, with Hawthorne, Emerson, Thoreau, Melville and others, was essentially a protest against the disruptive forces of technology, urbanization, and industrialization, and in their wake the perceived loss of classical American values. On the other hand, this movement was evidence that the flame of philanthropic, practical, idealism had not died with the Founders.[citation needed] In 1837, Ralph Waldo Emerson celebrated the philanthropic spirit of the Revolution in his “Concord Hymn,” quoted above, and in his 1844 essay “The Young American,” he wrote,
“It seems so easy for .America to inspire and express the most expansive and humane spirit; new-born, free, healthful, strong, the land of the laborer, of the democrat, of the philanthropist, of the believer, of the saint, she should speak for the human race.^ Likewise, "most human diseases are zoonotic, meaning they also affect animals; animal and human health are two sides of the same coin.
  • Lunch over IP: Philanthropy 10 January 2010 19:27 UTC www.lunchoverip.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It is the country of the future.”
The flame was still alive in 1863, whens, as Garry Wills has shown, President Abraham Lincoln codified and enshrined the classic conceptualization of our country's mission in his Gettysburg Address, speaking of “a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal”.

Philanthropy's Contributions to American Life

The philanthropic spirit and practical necessity of voluntary associations and their attendant collaborative culture moved west with the frontier throughout the 19th century, thus reinforcing the “philanthropic and democratic” development of the American character.[citation needed] All of private education and of religion in America have been necessarily philanthropic, but beyond those every reform movement in the history of the United States—e.g., anti-slavery, women’s suffrage, environmental conservation, civil rights, feminism, and various peace movements—began as philanthropic voluntary associations. .Many were, or were regarded as, counter-cultural and even outrageous when they first arose, but all were “private initiatives for public good, focusing on quality of life”.^ One area we focused on was education for the children of our borrowers, was making sure that they go to school even though their parents are illiterate.
  • Lunch over IP: Philanthropy 10 January 2010 19:27 UTC www.lunchoverip.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

American philanthropy has met challenges, and taken advantage of opportunities, that neither government nor business ordinarily address. .The other sectors certainly affect American quality of life, but philanthropy focuses on it.^ Not only philanthropy is reorganizing itself, but also other sectors: business is reorganizing itself.
  • Lunch over IP: Philanthropy 10 January 2010 19:27 UTC www.lunchoverip.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Philanthropy is a major source of income for fine arts and performing arts, religious, and humanitarian causes, as well as educational institutions (see patronage).

Modern Philanthropists

.In 1982, Paul Newman co-founded the Newman's Own food company and donated all after-tax profits to various charities.^ I first learned about it last December, when 100'000 shares of Eurovestech were donated to the small non-profit I co-founded, Friends of Humanity , in Geneva.
  • Lunch over IP: Philanthropy 10 January 2010 19:27 UTC www.lunchoverip.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Just make a donation to New Profit, Inc and they’ll use 100% of your gift to support their full portfolio of charities.

.Upon his death in 2008, the company had donated over US$250 million to thousands of charities.^ Richard has already convinced other companies to follow suit -- one of which has already allocated 5 million euros worth of shares for charity.
  • Lunch over IP: Philanthropy 10 January 2010 19:27 UTC www.lunchoverip.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.During the past few years, some high profile examples of philanthropy include Irish rock singer Bono's campaign to cancel Third World debt to developed nations; the Gates Foundation's massive resources and ambitions, such as its campaigns to eradicate malaria and river blindness; billionaire investor and Berkshire Hathaway Chairman Warren Buffett's donation in 2006 of $31 billion to the Gates Foundation[2]; Ronald Perelman's $70 million in charitable donations in 2008 alone, including $50 million to finance the Ronald O. Perelman Heart Center at New York Presbyterian Hospital and Weill Cornell Medical Center.^ He gives a few examples of "creative philanthropy": .
  • Lunch over IP: Philanthropy 10 January 2010 19:27 UTC www.lunchoverip.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The definition of an intermediary remains vague: it could be a foundation or government agency but also a “high-engagement philanthropy organization” – what kind of organization is that?

^ (Available from National Council for Research on Women, 530 Broadway, 10th floor, New York, NY 10012) .

Philanthropy is facilitated by development professionals and fundraisers. .Donor relations and stewardship [3] professionals support the development profession by recognizing and thanking donors in a fashion that will cultivate future giving to nonprofit organizations.^ Readers of this blog know that I recommend donors spend time planning their giving, creating a written philanthropy plan and donating to organizations in which they have a high level of conviction.

^ So we solve this at GiveMeaning.com in the following ways: When you give money or sign-up at GiveMeaning.com, we never share your personal information with the charity or organization you are supporting.

The Association of Donor Relations Professionals (ADRP) [4] is the first community of stewardship and donor relations professionals in the United States and Canada.

Views

Philosophy

The purpose of philanthropy is also debated. Some equate philanthropy with benevolence and charity for the poor. Others hold that philanthropy can be any altruistic act that fulfills a social need that is not served, is under-served, or is perceived as such by the market.
.Some believe that philanthropy can be a means to build community by growing community funds and giving vehicles.^ New Profit is a national venture philanthropy fund that supports rapidly growing social entrepreneurial organizations.

^ By helping local charities to build an online presence, the organization gives inspired individuals and communities a voice.
  • Name.com Gives Back - Name.com 10 January 2010 19:27 UTC www.name.com [Source type: General]

^ These are people who have set up funds at The Community Foundation in order to give back to the community.

.When communities see themselves as being resource rich instead of asset poor, the community is in a better position to solve community problems.^ In the future people won't see philanthropy as the primary means of solving social problems (which doesn't mean that philanthropy will disappear).
  • Lunch over IP: Philanthropy 10 January 2010 19:27 UTC www.lunchoverip.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ No one is in a better position to meet community needs than the grass roots, on the ground, service providing nonprofits.

^ The fact that corporations define whether or not they should be positively engaged with communities as being a business issue is very problematic for the whole field.” .
  • Stanford Social Innovation Review : Articles : Philanthropy, Inc. (June 1, 2005) 10 January 2010 19:27 UTC www.ssireview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Philanthropy responds to either the present or the future needs.[5] The charitable response to an impending disaster is an action of philanthropy.[5] It offers immediate honor for the philanthropist, yet requires no foresight. Responding to future needs, however, draws on the donor's foresight and wisdom, but seldom recognizes the donor.[5] .Prevention of future needs will often avert far more hardship than a response after the fact.^ N onprofit organizations need more than just patchy forays from M.B.A.s.
  • Nonprofit Marketing: Getting Attention Blog: Philanthropy 10 January 2010 19:27 UTC www.gettingattention.org [Source type: General]

^ So, I know you would like it to be otherwise, but atheists are far more indifferent about these things than the religious.
  • Warren Buffet: Atheist Philanthropist? 2 February 2010 16:016 UTC atheism.about.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Each episode takes place in a different country and more often than not the issue addressed is endemic to that country.

[5] For example, the charities responding to starvation from overpopulation in Africa are afforded swift recognition.[6] Meanwhile, philanthropists behind the U.S. population control movement of the 1960s and 1970s were never recognized, and are lost to history.[5]

Politics

Philanthropists are often popular and become known to the public as "good" or even "great." Some governments are suspicious of philanthropic activities as possible grabs for favor, but still allow special interest groups to form non-governmental organizations.

Uses of the word

Conventional usage

By the conventional definition of philanthropy, donations are dedicated to a narrowly defined cause and the donation is targeted to effect a recognizable change in social conditions. .This often necessitates large donations and financial support sustained over time.^ In addition to financial support, Hanna has offered his time and talent, serving on Acton's Board of Directors as vice chairman.
  • The Call of the Philanthropist - Features - Philanthropy Roundtable 2 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.philanthropyroundtable.org [Source type: Original source]

.The need for a large financial commitment creates a distinction between philanthropy and charitable giving, which typically plays a supporting role in a charitable organization initiated by someone else.^ With a history of giving through grants and volunteerism, Motorola and the Motorola Foundation support the education, economic, environmental and social needs of communities around the world.
  • Motorola Philanthropy - Home - Foundation - Giving - Grants - Education - Community 10 January 2010 19:27 UTC www.motorola.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ New Profit is a national venture philanthropy fund that supports rapidly growing social entrepreneurial organizations.

^ By Sean Stannard-Stockton 80% of charitable giving is done between Thanksgiving and New Year’s.

Thus, the conventional usage of philanthropy applies mainly to wealthy persons, and sometimes to a trust created by a wealthy person with a particular cause or objective targeted.
.Many non-wealthy persons have dedicated – thus, donated – substantial portions of their time, effort and wealth to charitable causes.^ The facts show that the religious are 4 times more likely to give to charitable causes: .
  • Warren Buffet: Atheist Philanthropist? 2 February 2010 16:016 UTC atheism.about.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Investing time and energy into fundraising may actually diminish total returns; for many entrepreneurs, the comparative advantage lies in generating wealth.
  • The Call of the Philanthropist - Features - Philanthropy Roundtable 2 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.philanthropyroundtable.org [Source type: Original source]

.These people are not typically described as philanthropists because individual effort alone is seldom recognized as instigating significant change.^ These people are the seeds of change.
  • Lunch over IP: Philanthropy 10 January 2010 19:27 UTC www.lunchoverip.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Charities strive to instill independence in individuals, and philanthropists should replicate the effort with respect to organizations.
  • The Call of the Philanthropist - Features - Philanthropy Roundtable 2 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.philanthropyroundtable.org [Source type: Original source]

^ So I wanted to solve these three problems because I felt if I could, that more people would actually want to give.

.These people are thought of as charitable workers but some people wish to recognize these people as philanthropists in honor of their efforts.^ The actor added, "Your Honor, sadly there are some very bad people in the world, but Steve Green is not one of them."
  • Tampabay: Philanthropist ... and a fraud 2 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.sptimes.com [Source type: News]

^ The William E. Simon Prize for Philanthropic Leadership honors living philanthropists whose charitable giving has shown exemplary effectiveness.
  • The Call of the Philanthropist - Features - Philanthropy Roundtable 2 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.philanthropyroundtable.org [Source type: Original source]

.A growing trend in philanthropy is the development of giving circles, whereby individual donors—often a group of friends—pool their charitable donations and decide together how to use the money to benefit the causes they care about most.^ Besides, shouldn't shareholders decide how to give their money away?
  • Ben Casnocha: The Blog: Philanthropy 10 January 2010 19:27 UTC ben.casnocha.com [Source type: General]

^ Then, at some point, they came across an issue of great personal significance to them, and they decided to take action, and shifted  from thinking about giving away money to thinking about how to solve the problem .
  • Lunch over IP: Philanthropy 10 January 2010 19:27 UTC www.lunchoverip.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ So, for Christmas or my birthday, please consider giving to charities I care about on my behalf using my whatgoesaround.org GiveList .
  • Ben Casnocha: The Blog: Philanthropy 10 January 2010 19:27 UTC ben.casnocha.com [Source type: General]

.The re-emergence of philanthropy in recent years, led by Bill Gates and Warren Buffett, which involves applying the techniques of business to philanthropy has been termed philanthrocapitalism.'^ Becker notes that Bill Gates has said that his endowment will be spent within 50 years of the death of the third of his three trustees.
  • Ben Casnocha: The Blog: Philanthropy 10 January 2010 19:27 UTC ben.casnocha.com [Source type: General]

^ At Harvard University's current rate of growth, its endowment will be larger than the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the world's largest foundation, in three years.
  • Ben Casnocha: The Blog: Philanthropy 10 January 2010 19:27 UTC ben.casnocha.com [Source type: General]

^ Imagine if everyone on Forbes' Top 20 richest list all applied the same amount of intellectual vigor that Gates does to their philanthropy.
  • Ben Casnocha: The Blog: Philanthropy 10 January 2010 19:27 UTC ben.casnocha.com [Source type: General]

[7]

Largest individual bequests

See also

Lists

References

  1. ^ The Classical etymology and history of philanthropia has received increasing attention among scholars. See McCully, George: Philanthropy Reconsidered, A Catalogue for Philanthropy Publication, Boston, 2008; and Sulek, Marty: On the Classical Meaning of Philanthropia, in Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly OnlineFirst, March 13, 2009 as doi:10.1177/0899764009333050.
  2. ^ "Gates: Buffett gift may help cure worst diseases". MSNBC. 2006-06-26. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/13541144/. Retrieved 2008-05-20. 
  3. ^ "Stewardship & Donor Relations," Entrepreneur.com
  4. ^ Association of Donor Relations Professionals
  5. ^ a b c d e Rohe, John F. (2002-01-01). "Chapter 6: Prophesy and Charity". Mary Lou and John Tanton: A Journey into American Conservation. FAIR Horizon Press. ISBN 978-0971007901. 
  6. ^ "Buzz (news and commentary blog)". onPhilanthrophy. http://flip.onphilanthropy.com/news_onphilanthropy/africa/. 
  7. ^ The Economist
  8. ^ "Implementing Warren Buffett's Gift". Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. http://www.gatesfoundation.org/about/Pages/implementing-warren-buffetts-gift.aspx. 
  9. ^ a b "Billions and Billions Served, Hundreds of Millions Donated". New York Times. November 7, 2003. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9E04EFD81439F934A35752C1A9659C8B63&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=all. Retrieved 2008-07-28. "National Public Radio announced yesterday that it had received a bequest worth at least $200 million from the widow of the longtime chairman of the McDonald's restaurant chain. ... Few cultural institutions have been the beneficiaries of gifts as large as that received by NPR, according to The Chronicle of Philanthropy. One of the largest, worth $424 million, was given to the Metropolitan Museum of Art by foundations built on the Reader's Digest fortune." 
  10. ^ Rockefeller Foundation
  11. ^ Gurney, Kaitlin. "10 years later, Rowan still reaps gift's rewards - Rowan Milestones", The Philadelphia Inquirer, July 9, 2002. Accessed August 1, 2007. "Rowan University catapulted onto the national stage a decade ago when industrialist Henry Rowan gave sleepy Glassboro State College $100 million, the largest single sum ever donated to a public institution.... Rowan and his late wife, Betty, gave the money on July 6, 1992, with just one requirement: that a first-rate engineering school be built. In gratitude, Glassboro State changed its name to Rowan College."

External links


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 14, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Philanthropy, which are similar to those in the above article.








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