Philip, Duke of Parma: Wikis

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Infante Philip of Spain
Duke of Parma, Piacenza and Guastalla
Reign 1748–1765
Spouse Princess Louise-Élisabeth of France
Issue
Princess Isabella
Ferdinand, Duke of Parma
Maria Luisa, Queen of Spain
Father Philip V of Spain
Mother Elisabeth of Parma
Born 15 March 1720(1720-03-15)
Royal Alcazar, Madrid, Spain
Died 18 July 1765 (aged 45)
Alessandria, Italy

Philip of Spain, Duke of Parma, Piacenza and Guastalla (15 March 1720 – 18 July 1765) was duke of Parma from 1748 to 1765. He founded the House of Bourbon-Parma (a.k.a the Bourbons of Parma).

Contents

Life

Born at the Royal Alcazar in Madrid, he was the fourth child and third son of Philip V of Spain and his wife, Elisabeth of Parma.

He was raised in Madrid and as a child showed more interest in art than in politics. He was also the 12th Count of Chinchón Grandee of Spain First Class with a Coat of Arms of de Bourbon after the alienation with Royal Authorization in 1738 of the 11th Conde Don Jose Sforza-Cesarini, Duke of Canzano, title he later ceded to his brother Louis in 1754.

His mother came from the family of Farnese, which had ruled the Duchy of Parma, Piacenza and Guastalla for many generations. The Duchy had been ruled between 1731 and 1736 by his elder brother Charles, but exchanged with Austria for The Two Sicilies after the War of Polish Succession. Twelve years later, in the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle (1748), Austria lost the Duchy, and Philip became the new Duke, founding the House of Bourbon-Parma.

As part of the Treaty of Versailles (1757) between Austria and France it was intended that Phillip would become King of the Southern Netherlands, in a deal that would see French troops occupy key positions in the country - however this arrangement was repudiated by the subsequent Third Treaty of Versailles and Phillip continued in Parma.

The Duchy of Parma was ruined by many years of warfare, and in 1759 Philip named the abled Frenchmen Guillaume du Tillot as his minister to restore the economy. Philip was an enlightened ruler. He expelled the Jesuits from Parma in 1768. He stimulated education and philosophy, attracting personalities like Étienne Bonnot de Condillac.

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Marriage

Philip married Princess Louise-Élisabeth of France in Alcala de Henares, Spain on 25 October 1739. They had the following children:

Philip died unexpectedly on 18 July 1765 in Alessandria, Italy, after having accompanied his daughter Maria Luisa on her way to Genoa, where she sailed for Spain to marry Infante Charles. Through Philip's daughter Maria Luisa, he is an ancestor of the Bourbons of Spain, the Bourbons of the Two Sicilies, and the House of Orleans.

Ancestors

Titles and Styles

References

  1. ^ http://www.heraldica.org/topics/france/frroyal.htm#sang Style of HRH and further information on Princes of the Blood
Philip, Duke of Parma
Cadet branch of the House of Bourbon
Born: 15 March 1720 Died: 18 July 1765
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Maria Theresa
Duke of Parma, Plasencia and Guastalla
1748–1765
Succeeded by
Ferdinand
Spanish nobility
Preceded by
Philip V of Spain
Count of Chinchón
1720–1754
Succeeded by
Infante Luis of Spain
Preceded by
Philip V of Spain
Duke of Canzano
1748–1765
Succeeded by
Infante Luis of Spain

Simple English

Philip
File:Felipe de
Duke of Parma
Reign 18 October 1748–18 July 1765
Successor Ferdinand
Spouse Louise Élisabeth of France
Issue
Isabella, Archduchess of Austria
Ferdinand, Duke of Parma
Maria Luisa, Queen of Spain
House House of Bourbon
Father Philip V of Spain
Mother Elisabeth Farnese
Born 15 March 1720(1720-03-15)
Royal Alcazar, Madrid, Spain
Died July 18, 1765 (aged 45)
Alessandria, Italy

Philip of Spain (15 March 1720 – 18 July 1765) was Duke of Parma from 1748 to 1765. He founded the Parma line of the House of Bourbon. He was a son in law of Louis XV.

Contents

Infante of Spain

Born at the Royal Alcazar in Madrid, he was the fourth child and third son of Philip V of Spain and his wife, Elisabeth Farnese. He was raised in Madrid and as a child showed more interest in art than in politics. He was created Count of Chinchón, which he later ceded to his brother Louis in 1754.

Duke of Parma

His mother was the last of the Farnese, rulers the Duchy of Parma. The Duchy had been ruled between 1731 and 1736 by his elder brother Charles I, but exchanged with Austria for The Two Sicilies after the War of Polish Succession. Twelve years later, in the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle (1748), Austria lost Parma, and Philip became the new Duke, founding the Bourbons of Parma.

As part of the Treaty of Versailles (1757) between Austria and France it was intended that Philip would become King of the Southern Netherlands, in a deal that would see French troops occupy key positions in the country – however this arrangement was repudiated by the subsequent Third Treaty of Versailles and Philip continued in Parma.

Parma was ruined by many years of warfare, and in 1759 Philip named the abled Frenchmen Guillaume du Tillot as his minister to restore the economy. He stimulated education and philosophy, attracting personalities like Étienne Bonnot de Condillac.

Philip died unexpectedly on 18 July 1765 in Alessandria, Italy, after having accompanied his daughter Maria Luisa on her way to Genoa, where she sailed for Spain to marry Infante Charles. Through Philip's daughter Maria Luisa, he is an ancestor of the Bourbons of Spain, the Bourbons of the Two Sicilies, and the House of Orléans.

Marriage

Philip married Louise Élisabeth of France in Alcalá de Henares, Spain on 25 October 1739. She was the eldest daughter of Louis XV. They had three children. The marriage was the first between the French and Spanish Bourbons, the other taking place in 1745 between Louis, Dauphin of France and Maria Teresa Rafaela of Spain.

Issue

  • Isabel of Parma (31 December 1741 – 27 November 1763) married Archduke Joseph of Austria and had issue.
  • Ferdinand, Duke of Parma (20 January 1751 – 9 October 1802) married Maria Amalia of Austria and had issue.
  • Maria Luisa of Parma (9 December 1751 – 2 January 1819) married her cousin, the Charles IV of Spain and had issue.

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

  • 15 March 1720 – 18 October 1748 His Royal Highness The Infante Don Felipe of Spain
  • 18 October 1748 – 18 July 1765 His Royal Highness The Duke of Parma

External links


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