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Philippe Séguin


President of the Cour des Comptes
In office
21 July 2004 – 7 January 2010
Preceded by François Logerot

In office
2 April 1993 – 12 June 1997
Preceded by Henri Emmanuelli
Succeeded by Laurent Fabius

In office
1997 – 1999
Preceded by Alain Juppé
Succeeded by Nicolas Sarkozy (acting)

In office
20 March 1986 – 12 May 1988
Preceded by Georgina Dufoix
Succeeded by Michel Delebarre

In office
19 March 1978 – 1 April 1986
In office
12 June 1988 – 18 June 2002

Born 21 April 1943(1943-04-21)
Tunis, Tunisia
Died 7 January 2010 (aged 66)
Paris, France
Nationality French

Philippe Séguin (21 April 1943 – 7 January 2010) was a French political figure who was President of the National Assembly from 1993 to 1997 and President of the Cour des Comptes (Court of Financial Auditors) of France from 2004 to 2010.

He entered the Court of Financial Auditors in 1970, but he began a political career in the Neo-Gaullist party RPR. In 1978, he was elected to the National Assembly as a deputy for the Vosges département. He was Mayor of Epinal between 1983 and 1997.

Representing the social tradition of the Gaullism, he was Minister of Social Affairs in Jacques Chirac's cabinet, from 1986 to 1988. After Chirac's defeat at the 1988 presidential election, he allied with Charles Pasqua and criticized the abandonment of Gaullist doctrine by the RPR executive. He accused Alain Juppé and Édouard Balladur of wanting an alignment on liberal and pro-European policies.

In 1992, he played a leading role in the No campaign against the Maastricht Treaty. On the eve of the vote he opposed President François Mitterrand in a televised debate.

As president of the National Assembly from 1993 to 1997, he supported the winning candidacy of Jacques Chirac at the 1995 presidential election. He inspired the theme of Chirac's campaign which was named "the social fracture".

Their relations deteriorated when he took the lead of the RPR, after the right-wing defeat at the 1997 legislative election. He failed to change the name of the party to "The Rally". He criticized the ascendancy of President Chirac within the party, refusing to be the leader of a "Chirac's fan-club". He resigned in 1999 just before the European elections, leaving his deputy Nicolas Sarkozy in charge.

As the RPR's official candidate, he lost the 2001 mayoral election in Paris. Refusing the merge of the Neo-Gaullist party with the right-wing classical forces in the Union for a Popular Movement, he quit politics in 2002.

He died at the age of 66 on 7 January 2010 from a heart attack.[1]

Political career

President of the Court of Audit of France : from 2004 until his death in 2010

Governmental function

Minister of Social affairs and Employment : 1986–1988.

Electoral mandates

National Assembly of France

President of the National Assembly of France : 1993–1997.

Vice-president of the National Assembly of France : 1981–1986.

Member of the National Assembly of France for Vosges : 1978–1986 (Became minister in 1986) / 1988–2002. Elected in 1978, reelected in 1981, 1986, 1988, 1993, 1997.

Regional Council

Vice-president of the Regional Council of Lorraine (region) : 1979–1983.

Regional councillor of Lorraine (region) : 1979–1986.

Municipal Council

Mayor of Epinal : 1983–1997 (resigned). Reelected in 1989, 1995.

Municipal councillor of Epinal : 1983–1997 (resigned). Reelected in 1989, 1995.

Councillor of Paris : 2001–2002 (resigned).

Political functions

President of the Rally for the Republic : 1997–1999 (resigned).

External links

References

Political offices
Preceded by
Henri Emmanuelli
President of the National Assembly
1993–1997
Succeeded by
Laurent Fabius
Party political offices
Preceded by
Alain Juppé
President of Rally for the Republic
1997–1999
Succeeded by
Nicolas Sarkozy (acting)
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