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Republic of the Philippines
Republika ng Pilipinas
Flag Coat of arms
MottoMaka-Diyos, Maka-Tao, Makakalikasan, at Makabansa[1]
("For God, People, Nature, and Country")
AnthemLupang Hinirang
("Chosen Land")
Location of  Philippines  (green)

in ASEAN  (dark grey)  —  [Legend]

Capital Manila
14°35′N 121°0′E / 14.583°N 121°E / 14.583; 121
Largest city Quezon City
Official language(s) Filipino (based on Tagalog) , English
Recognised regional languages Bikol, Cebuano, Hiligaynon, Ilokano, Kapampangan, Kinaray-a, Maguindanao, Maranao, Pangasinan, Tagalog, Tausug, Waray-Waray[2]
Optional languages Spanish and Arabic[3]
National language Filipino
Demonym Filipino or Pinoy
Government Unitary presidential constitutional republic
 -  President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
 -  Vice President Noli de Castro
 -  Senate President Juan Ponce Enrile
 -  House Speaker Prospero C. Nograles
 -  Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno
Independence from Spain1
from United States 
 -  Established April 27, 1565 
 -  Declared June 12, 1898 
 -  Self-government March 24, 1934 
 -  Recognized July 4, 1946 
 -  Current constitution February 2, 1987 
Area
 -  Land 299,764 km2 [4](72nd)
115,831 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 0.61%[5]
Population
 -  2009 estimate 91,983,000[6] (12th)
 -  2007 census 88,574,614[7] 
 -  Density 306.6/km2 (44th)
794.1/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2008 estimate
 -  Total $317.964 billion[8] (36th)
 -  Per capita $3,515[8] (123rd)
GDP (nominal) 2008 estimate
 -  Total $166.909 billion[8] (47th)
 -  Per capita $1,845[8] (121st)
Gini (2006) 45.8[5] (medium) 
HDI (2007) 0.751[9] (medium) (105th)
Currency Peso (Filipino: piso PhilippinePeso.svg) (PHP)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
 -  Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+8)
Drives on the right[10]
Internet TLD .ph
Calling code +63
1 .Philippine revolutionaries declared independence from Spain on June 12, 1898, but the Spanish claim of sovereignty was passed from Spain to the United States in the Treaty of Paris.^ MANILA, Philippines - Malacaang on Wednesday reiterated that deputy Presidential spokesperson Gary Olivar is a Filipino citizen, amid a report that he is a citizen of the United States.

This led to the Philippine-American War.
2 Rankings above were taken from associated Wikipedia pages as of December 2007 and may be based on data or data sources other than those appearing here.
.The Philippines (Filipino: Pilipinas [pɪlɪˈpinɐs]), officially known as the Republic of the Philippines (Filipino: Republika ng Pilipinas), is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean.^ The Philippine Center for Investigative Journalism is a founding member of the organization, which has the specific mandate of promoting and protecting press freedom in Southeast Asia.

^ With the Philippine election period now officially underway, the top presidential contenders or "presidentiables" as Filipinos call them, have been whittled down to the top five contenders...

Taiwan lies north across the Luzon Strait. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam. The Sulu Sea to the southwest separates it from the island of Borneo and to the south the Celebes Sea from other islands of Indonesia. It is bounded on the east by the Philippine Sea. .An archipelago comprising 7,107 islands, the Philippines is categorized broadly into three main geographical divisions: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao.^ Mindanao is the second biggest island in the Philippines .

The capital city is Manila.
.With an estimated population of about 92 million people, the Philippines is the world's 12th most populous country.^ The film about history’s most recognizable sea tragedy has held the record at 600 million dollars for the last twelve years.

It is estimated that there are an additional 11 million overseas Filipinos worldwide. Multiple ethnicities and cultures are found throughout the islands. Its tropical climate sustains one of the richest areas in terms of biodiversity in the world.
In prehistoric times, Negritos became some of the archipelago's earliest inhabitants. .They were followed by successive waves of Austronesian peoples who brought with them influences from Malay, Hindu, and Islamic cultures.^ Some people overeat when they’re stressed, but I’m the kind of person who loses her appetite when she’s too consumed by her work.

Trade introduced Chinese cultural influences. The arrival of Ferdinand Magellan in 1521 marked the beginning of an era of Spanish interest and eventually dominance. The Philippines became the Asian hub of the Manila-Acapulco galleon treasure fleet. Christianity became widespread. As the 19th century gave way to the 20th, there followed in quick succession the short-lived Philippine Revolution, the Spanish-American War, and the Philippine-American War. In the aftermath, the United States replaced Spain as the dominant power. .Aside from the period of Japanese occupation, the United States retained sovereignty over the islands until the end of World War II when the Philippines gained independence.^ MANILA, Philippines - Malacaang on Wednesday reiterated that deputy Presidential spokesperson Gary Olivar is a Filipino citizen, amid a report that he is a citizen of the United States.

.The United States bequeathed to the Philippines the English language and an affinity for Western culture.^ MANILA, Philippines - Malacaang on Wednesday reiterated that deputy Presidential spokesperson Gary Olivar is a Filipino citizen, amid a report that he is a citizen of the United States.

Since independence the Philippines has had an often tumultuous experience with democracy, with popular "People Power" movements overthrowing a dictatorship in one instance but also underlining the institutional weaknesses of its constitutional republic in others.

Contents

Etymology

The name Philippines is derived from that of King Philip II of Spain. Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos during his expedition in 1542 named the islands of Leyte and Samar Felipinas after the then Prince of Asturias (Spain). Eventually the name Las Islas Filipinas would be used to cover all the islands of the archipelago. before it became commonplace, however, other names such as .Islas del Poniente (Islands of the West) and Magellan's name for the islands San Lázaro were also used by the Spanish to refer to the islands.^ Photo by Shubert Ciencia (CC) The fort, built out of adobe and with a tiled roof, was named after St. Didacus of Alcalá (Spanish: San Diego de… .

[11][12][13][14]
.The official name of the Philippines has changed several times in the course of the country's history.^ This is the first time a public official has sued a blogger in the Philippines.

.During the Philippine Revolution, the country was officially called República Filipina or the Philippine Republic.^ With the Philippine election period now officially underway, the top presidential contenders or "presidentiables" as Filipinos call them, have been whittled down to the top five contenders...

From the period of the Spanish-American War and the Philippine-American War until the Commonwealth period, American colonial authorities referred to the country as the Philippine Islands, a translation of the Spanish name. It was during the American period that the name Philippines began to appear and has since become the country's common name.[15] The official name of the country is now Republic of the Philippines.

History

An Ifugao (Malayo-Polynesian) sculpture.
.The earliest known human remains found in the Philippines are those of the pre-Mongoloid Tabon Man of Palawan, carbon dated to around 24,000 years ago.^ Recognizing that the Philippines is an emerging destination for IT outsourcing, the company is hiring around 1,000 IT Filipino professionals at their new office in the… .

[16][17] .Negritos were another group of early inhabitants but their appearance in the Philippines has not been reliably dated.^ A partylist group in the Philippines wants to introduce a law that would put a ten-year expiration date on marriage contracts.

[18] They were followed by speakers of Malayo-Polynesian languages who began to arrive beginning around 4000 BCE, displacing the earlier arrivals.[19] By 1000 BCE the inhabitants of the archipelago had developed into four kinds of social groups: hunter-gathering tribes, warrior societies, petty plutocracies, and maritime centered harbor principalities.[20]
The maritime oriented peoples traded with other Asian countries during the subsequent period bringing influences from Hinduism, Buddhism, and Islam. There was no unifying political state encompassing the entire Philippine Archipelago. Instead, the islands were divided among competing thalassocracies ruled by various datus, rajahs, or sultans. Among these were the kingdoms of Maynila, Namayan, and Tondo, the rajahnates of Butuan and Cebu, and the sultanates of Maguindanao and Sulu.[21][22][23][24] Some of these societies were part of the Malayan empires of Srivijaya, Majapahit, and Brunei.[25][26] Islam was brought to the Philippines by traders and proselytizers from Malaysia and Indonesia.[27] By the 15th century, Islam was established in the Sulu Archipelago and by 1565 had reached Mindanao, the Visayas, and Luzon.[28]
An elaborate border frames a full length illustration one would associate with a manuscript of a man and woman. The dark-skinned man dressed in red tunic, breeches, and bandanna and wearing a gold chain is looking pleasantly over his shoulder in the direction of the fair woman who, garbed in a dark gold-fringed dress that covers the length of her body except her bare feet, has the faintest hints of a smile.
A page from the Boxer Codex showing Classical Philippine nobility. Left, is a general from the Rajahnate of Butuan and to the right is a princess of Tondo.
In 1521, Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan arrived in the Philippines and claimed the islands for Spain.[29] Colonization began when Spanish explorer Miguel López de Legazpi arrived from Mexico in 1565 and formed the first European settlements in Cebu. In 1571, after dealing with the local royal families in the wake of the Tondo Conspiracy and defeating the Chinese pirate warlord Limahong, the Spanish established Manila as the capital of the Spanish East Indies.[30][31]
Spanish rule contributed significantly to bringing political unity to the archipelago. From 1565 to 1821, the Philippines was governed as a territory of the Viceroyalty of New Spain and then was administered directly from Madrid after the Mexican War of Independence. The Manila galleons linking Manila to Acapulco traveled once or twice a year between the 16th and 19th century. Trade introduced foods such as corn, tomatoes, potatoes, chili peppers, and pineapples from the Americas.[31] Roman Catholic missionaries converted most of the lowland inhabitants to Christianity and founded schools, a university, and hospitals. While a Spanish decree introduced free public schooling in 1863, efforts in mass public education mainly came to fruition during the American period.[32]
During its rule, the Spanish fought off various indigenous revolts and several external colonial challenges from Chinese pirates, the Dutch, and the Portuguese. In an extension of the fighting of the Seven Years' War, British forces under the command of Brigadier General William Draper and Rear-Admiral Samuel Cornish briefly occupied the Philippines. They found local allies like Diego and Gabriela Silang who took the opportunity to lead a revolt against the Mexican-born acting Governor-General and Archbishop of Manila Manuel Rojo del Rio y Vieyra, but Spanish rule was eventually restored following the 1763 Treaty of Paris.[27][33][34]
A black and white sketched map of Philippine islands and nearby locations identified in Spanish in long hand script and dots depicting 10 degrees north latitude and a route from Manila towards Guam.
A map found on board the Na SA de Covadonga in 1743, showing the route of the Manila-Acapulco galleon sailing through the Philippine Islands.
In the 1800s, Philippine ports were opened to world trade. Many criollos and mestizos became wealthy. The influx of Spanish and Latino settlers secularized churches and government positions traditionally held by the peninsulares. The ideals of the French Revolution also began to spread through the islands. Criollo dissatisfaction resulted in the revolt in Cavite El Viejo in 1872 that was a precursor to the Philippine Revolution.[27][35][36][37][38]
Revolutionary sentiments were stoked after colonial authorities executed the three priests, Mariano Gómez, José Burgos and Jacinto Zamora (collectively known as Gomburza), who were accused of sedition, in 1872.[35][36] This would inspire a propaganda movement in Spain, organized by Marcelo H. del Pilar, José Rizal, and Mariano Ponce, lobbying for political reforms in the Philippines. Rizal was eventually executed on December 30, 1896 on charges of rebellion.[39] As attempts at reform were meeting with resistance, Andrés Bonifacio in 1892 established the secret society called the Katipunan, a society along the lines of the freemasons, which sought independence from Spain through armed revolt.[37] Bonifacio and the Katipunan started the Philippine Revolution in 1896. A faction of the Katipunan, the Magdalo of Cavite province, eventually came to challenge Bonifacio's position as the leader of the revolution and Emilio Aguinaldo took over. In 1898, the Spanish-American War began in Cuba and reached the Philippines. Aguinaldo declared Philippine independence from Spain in Kawit, Cavite on June 12, 1898 and the First Philippine Republic was established the following year. Meanwhile, the islands were ceded by Spain to the United States for $20 million dollars in the 1898 Treaty of Paris.[40] .As it became increasingly clear the United States would not recognize the First Philippine Republic, the Philippine-American War broke out.^ MANILA, Philippines - Malacaang on Wednesday reiterated that deputy Presidential spokesperson Gary Olivar is a Filipino citizen, amid a report that he is a citizen of the United States.

^ So, before you have one delivered to the Philippines, check out our Google Nexus One review first.

It ended with American control over the islands.[41]
A sepia photo of a dignified debonair man on a decorated balcony who with the many microphones in front of him is about to make an address. Large columns of a building are in the background and a wizened official stands at a distance behind.
Manuel L. Quezon in his inauguration as President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines during the American period.
In 1935, the Philippines was granted Commonwealth status. Plans for independence over the next decade were interrupted by World War II when the Japanese Empire invaded and established a puppet government. Many atrocities and war crimes were committed during the war such as the Bataan Death March and the Manila massacre that culminated during the Battle of Manila.[42] Allied troops defeated the Japanese in 1945. By the end of the war it is estimated over a million Filipinos had died. On July 4, 1946, the Philippines attained its independence.[5]
Immediately after World War II, the Philippines faced a number of challenges. The country had to be rebuilt from the ravages of war. It also had to come to terms with Japanese collaborators. Meanwhile, disgruntled remnants of the Hukbalahap communist rebel army that had previously fought against and resisted the Japanese continued to roam the rural regions. Eventually this threat was dealt with by Secretary of National Defense and later President Ramon Magsaysay but sporadic cases of communist insurgency continued to flare up long afterward.[43][44]
A metal statute of a woman wearing a hooded cloak with a kindly expression whose shoulder and outstretched hand are perched on by stylized birds
A statue of the Virgin Mary was built on the EDSA Shrine, after the People Power Revolution.
In 1965, Ferdinand Marcos was elected president, his wife Imelda Marcos at his side. .Nearing the end of his second term and constitutionally barred from seeking a third, he declared martial law on September 21, 1972. By using political divisions, the tension of the Cold War, and the specter of communist rebellion and Islamic insurgency as justifications, he was able to govern by decree.^ Related posts:Martial law non-solution to Maguindanao massacre This is a second tragedy in two weeks: First,...

[45] On August 21, 1983, Marcos' chief rival opposition leader Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino Jr. ignored warnings and returned from exile in the United States. .He was assassinated as he was taken off the plane at the Manila International Airport (now called the Ninoy Aquino International Airport in his memory).^ We are fans of the theater scene in Manila, so, to kick off the 2010 theater season, we watched the first romantic comedy by Repertory Philippines called Duets.

.With political pressure building Marcos eventually called for snap presidential elections in 1986.^ With the Philippine election period now officially underway, the top presidential contenders or "presidentiables" as Filipinos call them, have been whittled down to the top five contenders...

[43] .Corazon Aquino, Benigno's widow, was convinced into becoming the presidential candidate and standard bearer of the opposition.^ THE Liberal Party (LP) is set to introduce a new set of advertisements that will show the concrete platform of its standard bearer Senator Benigno “Noynoy” Aquino III, said Quezon Representative L read more Phillipine NewsLink .

The elections were widely thought of as rigged when Marcos was proclaimed the winner. .This led to the People Power Revolution, instigated when two long-time Marcos allies—Armed Forces of the Philippines Vice Chief-of-Staff Fidel V. Ramos and Secretary of National Defense Juan Ponce Enrile—resigned and barricaded themselves in Camp Aguinaldo and Camp Crame.^ In July last year, Philippine National Police officers from the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (PNP-ARMM) met with representatives from the Arms Corporation of the Philippines (Armscor) for what...

^ Senator Juan Ponce Enrile (P16.

.Exhorted on by the Archbishop of Manila Jaime Cardinal Sin, people gathered in support of the rebel leaders and protested on EDSA.^ Manila Archbishop Gaudencio Cardinal Rosales criticized the “excessive devotion” of millions of Filipino Catholics to the Black Nazarene.

In the face of mass protests and military defections, Marcos and his allies fled to Hawaii and into exile. Corazon Aquino was recognized as president.[44][46]
The return of democracy and government reforms after the events of 1986 were hampered by national debt, government corruption, coup attempts, a persistent communist insurgency, and Islamic separatists. .The economy improved during the administration of Fidel V. Ramos, who was elected in 1992.[47] However, the economic improvements were negated with the onset of the East Asian financial crisis in 1997. In 2001, amid charges of corruption and a stalled impeachment process, Ramos' successor Joseph Ejercito Estrada was ousted from the presidency by the 2001 EDSA Revolution and replaced by Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo.^ President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo will be in Iloilo City today, February 3, 2010, for her week-long cyber-corridor tour.

^ President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo on Wednesday stressed that the 500,000 jobs created in the business process outsourcing (BPO) industry are part of the legacy she will leave behind when she steps down this June, after nine years of steering the country to progress.

^ President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo has instructed the Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA), Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE), and the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) to assist Filipinos arriving from Haiti and their families.

Politics and government

The Malacañang Palace is the official residence of the President of the Philippines
.The Philippines has a presidential, unitary form of government (with some modification, there is one autonomous region largely free from the national government), where the President functions as both head of state and head of government and is commander-in-chief of the armed forces.^ The Commission on Elections (Comelec) has denied the application of the National Movement for Free Elections (Namfrel) for accreditation as citizens’ arm of the poll body in the May 10, 2010 national and local elections.

^ In July last year, Philippine National Police officers from the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (PNP-ARMM) met with representatives from the Arms Corporation of the Philippines (Armscor) for what...

^ MANILA, Philippines - Malacaang on Wednesday reiterated that deputy Presidential spokesperson Gary Olivar is a Filipino citizen, amid a report that he is a citizen of the United States.

.The president is elected by popular vote to a single six-year term, during which time she or he appoints and presides over the cabinet.^ Newly-appointed TMP President Michinobu Sugata told reporters during the company’s annual Media Thanksgiving Party on Friday of the encouraging positive signs of the local automotive market this year.

[2]
.The bicameral Congress is composed of a Senate, serving as the upper house, with members elected to a six-year term, and a House of Representatives, serving as the lower house, with members elected to a three-year term.^ Network also commended the members of the Congress Bicameral Conference Committee that approved the FOI Act “not only with efficiency and dispatch, but also with the responsibility and care to introduce even further… .

The senators are elected at large while the representatives are elected from both legislative districts and through sectoral representation.[2]
The judicial power is vested in the Supreme Court, composed of a Chief Justice as its presiding officer and fourteen associate justices, all appointed by the Philippine President from nominations submitted by the Judicial and Bar Council.[2]
There have been attempts to change the government to a federal, unicameral or parliamentary government beginning in the term of Ramos up to the present administration.[48][49]

Security and defense

The BRP Rajah Humabon (PF-11) is the current flagship of the Philippine Navy
Philippine defense is handled by the Armed Forces of the Philippines, which is modeled after the United States armed forces[citation needed] and is composed of three branches: the Air Force, the Army, and the Navy (including the Marine Corps). .Civilian security is handled by Philippine National Police under the Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG).^ Records of the Philippine National Police (PNP) show that at… .

^ In July last year, Philippine National Police officers from the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (PNP-ARMM) met with representatives from the Arms Corporation of the Philippines (Armscor) for what...

.In the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, the largest separatist organization, the Moro National Liberation Front, is now engaging the government politically.^ In July last year, Philippine National Police officers from the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (PNP-ARMM) met with representatives from the Arms Corporation of the Philippines (Armscor) for what...

.Other more militant groups like the Moro Islamic Liberation Front, the communist New People's Army, and the Abu Sayyaf still roam the provinces, but their presence has decreased in recent years due to successful security provided by the Philippine government.^ MANILA, Philippines - The Philippines announced on Wednesday that one of the co-founders of the Al Qaeda-linked Abu Sayyaf extremist group had been arrested after being detained at Jakarta airport for using a false passport.

^ SAN FERNANDO, Pampanga , Philippines   – Five Army soldiers were killed while eight others were wounded after their group tripped on a landmine reportedly set up by New People’s Army (NPA) rebels in Tubo, Abra last Monday night.

^ Philippines detains Abu Sayyaf co-founder .

[50][51]
.The Philippines has been an ally of the United States since World War II. It supported American policies during the Cold War and participated in the Korean and Vietnam wars.^ MANILA, Philippines - Malacaang on Wednesday reiterated that deputy Presidential spokesperson Gary Olivar is a Filipino citizen, amid a report that he is a citizen of the United States.

It was a member of the now dissolved SEATO, a group that was intended to serve a role similar to NATO and that included Australia, France, New Zealand, Pakistan, Thailand, the United Kingdom, and the United States.[52] .After the start of the War on Terror, the Philippines was part of the coalition that gave support to the United States in Iraq.^ MANILA, Philippines - Malacaang on Wednesday reiterated that deputy Presidential spokesperson Gary Olivar is a Filipino citizen, amid a report that he is a citizen of the United States.

[53] The Philippines is currently working with the United States with the intention of ending its domestic insurgency.

International relations

The Philippine Embassy in Washington D.C., United States.
.The Philippines' international relations are based on its ideals of democracy, peace, and trade with other nations as well as the well-being of the 11 million overseas Filipinos living outside the country.^ Related posts:Paypal apologizes, seeks to “move forward” to help bring aid to typhoon victims Soon after turning over to the Philippine National Red Cross...

[54]
.As a founding and active member of the United Nations, the Philippines has been elected several times into the Security Council.^ The Philippine Center for Investigative Journalism is a founding member of the organization, which has the specific mandate of promoting and protecting press freedom in Southeast Asia.

^ Philippine Times: National News .

Carlos P. Romulo was a former President of the United Nations General Assembly. The country is an active participant in the Human Rights Council as well as in peacekeeping missions, particularly in East Timor.[55][56][57][58][59] .Aside from the United Nations, the country is also a founding and active member of ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) an organization designed to strengthen relations and promote economic and cultural growth among states in the Southeast Asian region.^ The Philippine Center for Investigative Journalism is a founding member of the organization, which has the specific mandate of promoting and protecting press freedom in Southeast Asia.

^ His comments come before a ministerial meeting Sunday of the 12-nation Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries.

^ Feb 1, Southeast Asian Culture Showcased as Philippines Named Cultural Capital .

[60] It has hosted several summits and is an active contributor to the direction and policies of the bloc.[61] The current relations it enjoys with other Southeast Asian states is in contrast with its relations with them before the 1970s when it was at war with Vietnam and was heavily disputing Sabah with Malaysia, although misunderstandings between these states continue to exist due to the Spratly Islands.[62]
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, the current President of the Philippines.
.The Philippines values its relations with the United States.^ MANILA, Philippines - Malacaang on Wednesday reiterated that deputy Presidential spokesperson Gary Olivar is a Filipino citizen, amid a report that he is a citizen of the United States.

[54] It supported the United States during the Cold War and the War on Terror and is a major non-NATO ally. .Despite this history of goodwill, controversies related to the presence of the now former U.S. military bases in Subic Bay and Clark and the current Visiting Forces Agreement have flared up from time to time.^ Related Article:Oathtaking Schedule and Registration Instructions for New Nurses Visit www.PinoyRN.co.nr now… .

[54] Japan, the biggest contributor of official development assistance to the country,[63] is thought of as a friend. Although historical tensions still exist on issues such as the plight of comfort women much of the animosity inspired by memories of World War II have faded.[64]
Relations with other nations are generally positive. Shared democratic values ease relations with Western and European countries while similar economic concerns help in relations with other developing countries. Historical ties and cultural similarities also serve as a bridge in relations with Spain and Latin America. .Despite issues such as domestic abuse and war affecting overseas Filipino workers and obstacles posed by Islamic insurgency in Mindanao, relations with Middle Eastern countries (including Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Libya, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates) are friendly as seen in the continuous employment of more than two million overseas Filipinos living there.^ The Professional Regulation Commission (PRC) announces that 146 out of 339 passed the Architect Licensure Examination given by the Board of Architecture in Al-Khobar and Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia last November 2009 and in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates and Doha, Qatar this December 2009.

^ When the Maguindanao massacre of 57 people including at least 30 journalists and media workers outraged the country and the world, then spokesperson Lorelei Fajardo admitted, and what’s more reaffirmed, Gloria Macapagal Arroyo’s continuing friendship with the suspected masterminds.

^ However, recent studies show that millions of viewers enjoy the Super Bowl more for the commercials than the actual game.

With communism no longer the threat it once was, once hostile relations in the 1950s between the Philippines and the People's Republic of China have improved greatly. Issues involving Taiwan, the Spratly Islands, and concerns of expanding Chinese influence, however, still encourage a degree of carefulness.[64] Recent foreign policy has been mostly about economic relations with its Southeast Asian and Asia-Pacific neighbors.[54]
International groups the Philippines is a member of include the East Asia Summit (EAS), the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Latin Union, the Group of 24, and the Non-Aligned Movement.[2] It is also seeking to strengthen relations with Islamic countries by campaigning for observer status in the Organization of Islamic Conference.[65][66]

Administrative divisions

Provinces and regions of the Philippines.
The Philippines is divided into three island groups: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. These are divided into 17 regions, 80 provinces, 120 cities, 1,511 municipalities, and 42,008 barangays.[67] In addition, Section 2 of Republic Act No. 5446 asserts that the country has acquired islands from Sabah (formerly North Borneo).[68]
Region Designation Regional center
Ilocos Region Region I San Fernando, La Union
Cagayan Valley Region II Tuguegarao, Cagayan
Central Luzon Region III San Fernando, Pampanga
CALABARZON Region IV-A Calamba City, Laguna
MIMAROPA Region IV-B Calapan, Oriental Mindoro
Bicol Region Region V Legazpi, Albay
Western Visayas Region VI Iloilo City
Central Visayas Region VII Cebu City
Eastern Visayas Region VIII Tacloban
Zamboanga Peninsula Region IX Pagadian, Zamboanga del Sur
Northern Mindanao Region X Cagayan de Oro City
Davao Region Region XI Davao City
SOCCSKSARGEN Region XII Koronadal, South Cotabato
Caraga Region XIII Butuan
Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao ARMM Cotabato City
Cordillera Administrative Region CAR Baguio
National Capital Region NCR Manila

Geography

The Philippines is an archipelago of 7,107 islands[2] with a total land area of approximately 300,000 square kilometers (116,000 square miles). Its 36,289 kilometers of coastline makes it the country with the 5th longest coastline in the world.[2][69] It is located between 116° 40', and 126° 34' E. longitude and 4° 40' and 21° 10' N. latitude and borders the Philippine Sea on the east, the South China Sea on the west, and the Celebes Sea on the south. The island of Borneo is located a few hundred kilometres southwest and Taiwan is located directly to the north. The Moluccas and Sulawesi are located to the south-southwest and Palau is located to the east of the islands.[2]
Most of the mountainous islands are covered in tropical rainforest and volcanic in origin. The highest mountain is Mount Apo. It measures up to 2,954 metres (9,692 ft) above sea level and is located on the island of Mindanao. The longest river is the Cagayan River in northern Luzon. Manila Bay, upon the shore of which the capital city of Manila lies, is connected to Laguna de Bay, the largest lake in the Philippines, by the Pasig River. Subic Bay, the Davao Gulf, and the Moro Gulf are other important bays. The San Juanico Strait separates the islands of Samar and Leyte but it is traversed by the San Juanico Bridge.[70]
Ancient Filipinos utilized terrace farming to grow crops in the steep mountainous regions of northern Philippines.
Situated on the northwestern fringes of the Pacific Ring of Fire, the Philippines experiences frequent seismic and volcanic activity. The Benham Plateau to the east in the Philippine Sea is an undersea region active in tectonic subduction.[71] Around 20 earthquakes are registered daily, though most are too weak to be felt. The last major earthquake was the 1990 Luzon earthquake.[72] There are many active volcanoes such as the Mayon Volcano, Mount Pinatubo, and Taal Volcano. The eruption of Mount Pinatubo in June 1991 produced the second largest terrestrial eruption of the 20th century.[73] Not all notable geographic features are so violent or destructive. A more serene legacy of the geological disturbances is the Puerto Princesa Subterranean River.
Due to the volcanic nature of the islands, mineral deposits are abundant. The country is estimated to have the second-largest gold deposits after South Africa and one of the largest copper deposits in the world.[74] It is also rich in nickel, chromite, and zinc.[74] Despite this, poor management, high population density, and environmental consciousness have resulted in these mineral resources remaining largely untapped. Geothermal energy, however, is another product of volcanic activity that the country has harnessed more successfully. The Philippines is the world's second-biggest geothermal producer behind the United States, with 18% of the country's electricity needs being met by geothermal power.[75]

Flora and fauna

The Philippine Eagle is a bird of prey found in the rainforests of the islands.
The Philippines' rainforests and its extensive coastlines make it home to a diverse range of birds, plants, animals, and sea creatures.[76] It is one of the ten most biologically mega-diverse countries and is at or near the top in terms of biodiversity per unit area.[77][78][79] Around 1,100 land vertebrate species can be found in the Philippines including over 100 mammal species and 170 bird species not thought to exist elsewhere.[80] Endemic species include the tamaraw of Mindoro and the Philippine tarsier associated with Bohol. The Philippines lacks predators, with the exception of snakes, such as pythons and cobras, and birds of prey, such as the national bird, known as the Philippine eagle.[81] Other native animals include the palm civet cat,[82] the mouse deer, the Visayan warty pig, and several species of bats. With an estimated 13,500 plant species in the country, 3,200 of which are unique to the islands,[80] Philippine rainforests boast an array of flora, including many rare types of orchids and rafflesia.[83][84] The narra is considered as the most important type of hardwood.[85] Philippine territorial waters encompass as much as 1.67 million square kilometers producing unique and diverse marine life and is an important part of the Coral Triangle. There are 2,400 fish species and over 500 species of coral.[76][80] Philippine waters also sustain the cultivation of pearls, crabs, and seaweeds.[76][86]
Deforestation, often the result of illegal logging, is an acute problem in the Philippines. Forest cover declined from 70% of the country's total land area in 1900 to about 18.3% in 1999.[87][88] Many species are endangered and scientists say that South East Asia, which the Philippines is part of, faces a catastrophic extinction rate of 20% by the end of the century.[89] According to Conservation International, "the country is one of the few nations that is, in its entirety, both a hotspot and a megadiversity country, placing it among the top priority hotspots for global conservation."[83]

Climate

The Philippines has a tropical climate and is usually hot and humid. The average yearly temperature is around 26.6°C (79.88°F).[90] There are three recognized seasons: tag-init or tag-araw (the hot season or summer from March to May), tag-ulan (the rainy season from June to November), and tag-lamig (the cold season from December to February). The southwest monsoon (from May to October) is known as the Habagat and the dry winds of the northeast monsoon (from November to April) as the Amihan.[90] The coolest month is January, and the warmest is May. Both temperature and humidity levels reach the maximum in April and May.[2] Manila and most of the lowland areas are hot and dusty from March to May.[91] Even during this period, the temperatures rarely rise above 37°C and sea-level temperatures rarely fall below 27°C. Annual rainfall measures as much as 5,000 millimeters in the mountainous east coast section but less than 1,000 millimetres in some of the sheltered valleys. Sitting astride the typhoon belt, most of the islands experience annual torrential rains and thunderstorms from July to October,[92] with on average approximately 19 typhoons per year entering the Philippine area of responsibility and 8 to 9 making landfall.[93][94]

Economy

The Makati City skyline
The national economy of the Philippines is the 47th largest in the world, with an estimated 2008 gross domestic product (GDP nominal) of over US$166.9 billion (nominal).[95] Primary exports include semiconductors and electronic products, transport equipment, garments, copper products, petroleum products, coconut oil, and fruits.[5] Major trading partners include China, Japan, the United States, Singapore, Hong Kong, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Thailand, and Malaysia.[5] Its unit of currency is the Philippine peso (PHP).
A newly industrialized country, the Philippine economy has been transitioning from one based on agriculture to one based more on services and manufacturing. Of the country's total labor force of around 38.1 million,[5] the agricultural sector employs close to 32% but contributes to only about 13.8% of GDP. The industrial sector employs around 13.7% of the workforce and accounts for 30% of GDP. Meanwhile the 46.5% of workers involved in the services sector are responsible for 56.2% of GDP.[96][97]
The unemployment rate as of July 2009 stands at around 7.6% and due to the global economic slowdown inflation as of September 2009 reads 0.70%.[97] Foreign currency reserves as of October 2009 are US$36.13 billion.[98] In 2004, public debt as a percentage of GDP was estimated to be 74.2%; in 2008, 56.9%.[5] Gross external debt has risen to US$66.27 billion.[5] The country is a net importer.[97]
The Philippine Stock Exchange with the statue of martyred Filipino opposition leader during the Marcos dictatorship, Benigno S. Aquino, Jr.
In the 1960s, the country was regarded as the second wealthiest in Asia, next to Japan.[54][99][100] However, the leadership of Ferdinand Marcos proved disastrous by gradually transforming the market economy into one with aspects of a centrally planned economy.[54][100] The country suffered from slow economic growth and bouts of economic recession. Only in the 1990s with a program of economic liberalization did the economy begin to recover.[54][100]
The Asian Financial Crisis affected the economy, resulting in a lingering decline of the value of the peso and falls in the stock market. The extent to which it was affected initially, however, was not as severe as that of some of its Asian neighbors. This was largely due to the fiscal conservatism of the government, partly as a result of decades of monitoring and fiscal supervision from the International Monetary Fund, in comparison to the massive spending of its neighbors on the rapid acceleration of economic growth.[47] There have been signs of progress since. In 2004, the economy experienced 6% GDP growth and 7.3% in 2007, its fastest pace of growth in three decades.[5][101] Yet average annual GDP growth per capita for the period 1966-2007 still stands at 1.45% in comparison to an average of 5.96% for the East Asia and the Pacific region as a whole and the daily income for 45% of the population of the Philippines remains less than US$2.[9][102]
Other incongruities and challenges exist. The economy is heavily reliant on remittances which surpass foreign direct investment as a source of foreign currency. Regional development is uneven with Luzon—Metro Manila in particular—gaining most of the new economic growth at the expense of the other regions,[103] although the government has taken steps to distribute economic growth by promoting investment in other areas of the country. Despite constraints, service industries such as tourism and business process outsourcing have been identified as areas with some of the best opportunities for growth for the country.[97][104] Goldman Sachs includes the country in its list of the "Next Eleven" economies.[105] However, China and India have emerged as major economic competitors.[106]
The Philippines is a member of the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the World Trade Organization (WTO), the Asian Development Bank which is headquartered in Mandaluyong City, the Colombo Plan, and the G-77 among other groups and institutions.[5]

Demographics

Population growth of the Philippines.
The first official census in the Philippines was carried out in 1877 and recorded a population of 5,567,685.[107] By 2009, the Philippines has become the world's 12th most populous nation, with a population of over 92 million.[8][108] It is estimated that half of the population resides on the island of Luzon. Manila, the capital city, is the eleventh most populous metropolitan area in the world. The population of the Greater Manila Area is around 20 million.[109][110] Life expectancy is 71.09 years, with 74.15 years for females and 68.17 years for males.[111] Population growth rate between 1995 to 2000 was 3.21% but has decreased to an estimated 1.95% for the 2005 to 2010 period.[7]
Map of the dominant ethnicities of the Philippines by province.
There are about 11 million Filipinos outside the Philippines.[112] Since the liberalization of United States immigration laws in 1965,[113] the number of people in the United States having Filipino ancestry had grown substantially to 3.1 million according to the 2007 estimates by the United States Census Bureau.[114] According to the US Census Bureau, immigrants from the Philippines made up the second largest group after Mexico that sought family reunification.[115] Some 2 million Filipinos work in the Middle East, with nearly a million in Saudi Arabia alone.[116]

Ethnicity

According to the 2000 census 28.1% of Filipinos are Tagalog, 13.1% Cebuano, 9% Ilocano, 7.6% Bisaya/Binisaya, 7.5% Hiligaynon Ilonggo, 6% Bikol, 3.4% Waray, and 25.3% are classified as other.[5][117] These general headings can be broken down further to yield more distinct non-tribal groups like the Moro, the Kapampangan, the Pangasinense, the Ibanag, and the Ivatan.[118] There are also indigenous peoples like the Igorot, the Lumad, the Mangyan, the Badjao, and the tribes of Palawan.[119] Negritos, such as the Aeta and the Ati, are considered the original aboriginal inhabitants of the islands.
Filipinos generally belong to several Asian ethnic groups classified linguistically as part of the Austronesian or Malayo-Polynesian speaking people.[119] It's believed that thousands of years ago Taiwanese aborigines migrated to the Philippines from Taiwan, bringing with them knowledge of agriculture and ocean-sailing, and displacing the earlier Negrito groups of the islands. Eventually Chinese, Spanish, and American arrivals intermarried with the various indigenous ethnic groups that had evolved.[120] Their descendants are known as mestizos.[121] Chinese Filipinos number about 2 million.[122] Other migrant ethnic groups who have settled in the country from elsewhere include Arabs, Britons, other Europeans, Indonesians, Japanese, Koreans, and South Asians.

Cities

The figure below shows the top twenty largest cities in the Philippines.[123]
Largest cities in the Philippines

Rank City Region Population Rank City Region Population
1 Quezon City National Capital 2,679,450 11 Dasmariñas Region IV-A 556,330
2 Manila National Capital 1,660,714 12 Cagayan de Oro Region X 553,966
3 Caloocan National Capital 1,378,856 13 Parañaque National Capital 552,660
4 Davao City Region XI 1,363,337 14 Las Piñas National Capital 532,330
5 Cebu City Region VII 798,809 15 General Santos Region XII 529,542
6 Zamboanga City Region IX 774,407 16 Makati National Capital 510,383
7 Antipolo Region IV-A 633,971 17 Bacolod Region VI 499,497
8 Pasig National Capital 617,301 18 Muntinlupa National Capital 452,493
9 Taguig National Capital 613,343 19 San Jose del Monte Region III 439,090
10 Valenzuela National Capital 568,928 20 Marikina National Capital 424,610
Philippines 2007 Census

Language

Native Languages (2000)[124]
Tagalog 22 million
Cebuano 20 million
Ilokano 7.7 million
Hiligaynon 7 million
Waray-Waray 3.1 million
Kapampangan 2.9 million
Bicol Central 2.5 million
Chavacano creoles 2.5 million
Pangasinan 2.4 million
Bicol Albay 1.2 million
Maranao 1.2 million
Maguindanao 1.1 million
Kinaray-A 1.1 million
Tausug 1 million
Surigaonon 0.6 million
Masbateño 0.5 million
Aklanon 0.5 million
Ibanag 0.3 million
Ethnologue lists 175 individual languages in the Philippines, 171 of which are living languages while 4 have no known speakers. They are part of the Borneo-Philippines group of the Malayo-Polynesian languages, which is itself a branch of the Austronesian language family.[119]
According to the 1987 Philippine Constitution, Filipino and English are the official languages. Filipino is a de facto version of Tagalog, spoken mainly in Metro Manila and other urban regions. Both Tagalog and English are used in government, education, print, broadcast media, and business. Major languages recognized in the constitution include Bicolano, Cebuano, Ilocano, Hiligaynon or Ilonggo, Kapampangan, Pangasinan, Tagalog, and Waray-Waray. Spanish and Arabic are recognized as voluntary and optional languages.[3]
Other languages such as Aklanon, Boholano, Chavacano, Zamboangueño, Cuyonon, Ifugao, Itbayat, Ivatan, Kalinga, Kamayo, Kankana-ey, Kinaray-a, Maguindanao, Maranao, Masbatenyo, Romblomanon, Surigaonon, Tausug, Yakan, and several Visayan languages are prevalent in their respective provinces.

Religion

The Philippines is one of two predominantly Roman Catholic countries in Asia, the other being East Timor. It is composed of several diocese and archdiocese. More than 90% of the population are Christians. About 80% belong to the Roman Catholic Church while the remaining 10% belong to other Christian denominations, such as the Philippine Independent Church, Iglesia ni Cristo, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Seventh-day Adventist Church, United Church of Christ and the Orthodox Church.[125]
Between 5% to 10% of the population are Muslim, most of whom live in parts of Mindanao, Palawan, and the Sulu Archipelago, an area known as Bangsamoro or the Moro region.[126][127] Some have migrated into urban and rural areas in different parts of the country. Most Muslim Filipinos practice Shafi'i, a form of Sunni Islam, while some tribal groups such as the Bajau practice a form mixed with animism.[125]
Philippine traditional religions are still practiced by many aboriginal and tribal groups, often syncretized with Christianity and Islam. Animism, folk religion, and shamanism remain present as undercurrents of mainstream religion, through the albularyo, the babaylan, and the manghihilot.[125] Meanwhile, Buddhism, Taoism, and Chinese folk religion, are dominant in Chinese communities.[127]

Education

The University of Santo Tomas, founded in 1611 is one of the Philippines' oldest universities.
The National Statistics Office reports a simple literacy rate of 93.4% and a functional literacy rate of 84.1% for 2003.[5][9][97] Literacy is about equal for males and females.[5] Spending for education is around 2.5% of GDP.[5] According to the Department of Education, or DepEd, there were 42,152 elementary schools and 8,455 high schools registered for the school year 2006–2007[128] while the Commission on Higher Education (CHED) lists 2,060 higher education institutions, 537 of which are public and 1,523 private.[129] Classes start in June and end in March. The majority of colleges and universities follow a semester calendar from June to October and November to March. There are a number of foreign schools with study programs.[2] Republic Act No. 9155 gives the framework of basic education in the Philippines and provides for compulsory elementary education and free high school education.[130]
The Department of Education covers elementary, secondary, and nonformal education; the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA) administers the post-secondary middle-level education training and development; while the Commission on Higher Education (CHED) supervises the college and graduate academic programs and degrees as well as regulates standards in higher education.[131]

Health

Most of the national burden of health care is taken up by private health providers. In 2006, total expenditures on health represented 3.8% of GDP. 67.1% of that came from private expenditures while 32.9% was from government. External resources accounted for 2.9% of the total. Health expenditures represented about 6.1% of total government spending. Per capita total expenditure at average exchange rate was US$ 52.[132] The proposed National Health Budget for 2010 is P28 billion, about US$597 million, or about 310 pesos (US$7) per person in the Philippines.[133] The government share of total spending on health has declined steadily, and with more people, there has been less to spend per person.
There are an estimated 90,370 physicians or 1 per every 833 people, 480,910 nurses, 43,220 dentists, and 1 hospital bed per every 769 people.[132] Retention of skilled practitioners is a problem. 70% of nursing graduates go abroad to work overseas. The country is the biggest supplier of nurses.[134]
In 2001 there were about 1,700 hospitals, of which about 40 percent were government run and 60 percent private. Cardiovascular diseases account for more than 25 percent of all deaths. According to official estimates, 1,965 cases of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) were reported in 2003, of which 636 had developed acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). Other estimates state that there may have been as many as 9,400 people living with HIV/AIDS in 2001.[92]

Infrastructure

Transportation

Jeepneys were originally made from U.S. military jeeps left over from World War II.
The transportation infrastructure in the country is relatively underdeveloped. Partly this is due to the mountainous terrain and the scattered geography of the islands, but it is also the result of the government's persistent underinvestment in infrastructure. In 2003, only 3.6% of GDP went to infrastructure development which was significantly lower than that of some of its neighbors.[92] Consequently, while there are 203,025 kilometers (126,154 miles) of roads in the country, only around 20 percent of the total is paved.[135]
Nevertheless there are many ways to get around, especially in urban areas. Buses, jeepneys, taxis, and motorized tricycles are commonly available in major cities and towns. In 2007, there were about 5.53 million registered motor vehicles with registration increasing at an average annual rate of 4.55%.[136] Train services are provided by three main railway networks that serve different areas of Metro Manila and parts of Luzon: the Manila Light Rail Transit System (LRT), the Manila Metro Rail Transit System (MRT), and the Philippine National Railways (PNR).
Philippine Airlines is the first commercial airline in Asia.
As an archipelago, inter-island travel via watercraft is often necessary. The busiest seaports are Manila, Cebu, Iloilo, Davao, Cagayan de Oro, and Zamboanga.[137] Passenger ships and other sea vessels such as those operated by Superferry, Negros Navigation, and Sulpicio Lines serve Manila, with links to various cities and towns. In 2003, the 919-kilometer Strong Republic Nautical Highway (SRNH), an integrated set of highway segments and ferry routes covering 17 cities was established.[138]
Some rivers that pass through metropolitan areas, such as the Pasig River and Marikina River, have air-conditioned commuter ferries. The Pasig River Ferry Service has numerous stops in Manila, Makati City, Mandaluyong City, Pasig City, and Marikina City.[139] There are 3,219 kilometers of navigable inland waterways.[5]
There are 85 public airports in the country, and around 111 more that are private.[135] The Ninoy Aquino International Airport (NAIA) is the main international airport. Other important airports include the Diosdado Macapagal International Airport, Mactan-Cebu International Airport, and Francisco Bangoy International Airport. Philippine Airlines, Asia's oldest commercial airline still operating under its original name, and Cebu Pacific, the leading low-cost airline, are the major airlines serving most domestic and international destinations.[140][141][142]

Communications

The Philippines has a sophisticated cellular phone industry and a high concentration of users.[143] It is estimated that there are over 57 million cellular phone subscribers[117] and the ownership rate is increasing.[143] Text messaging has fostered a culture of quick greetings and forwarded jokes among Filipinos. In 2007, the nation sent an average of 1 billion SMS messages per day a reason that the Philippines has been called the "Texting Capital of the World".[144] Out of this growing number of avid text message senders, over 5 million of them use their cellular phones as virtual wallets, making it a leader among developing nations in providing financial transactions over cellular networks.[145]
The Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company commonly known as PLDT is the leading telecommunications provider. It is also the largest company in the country.[143][146] Its wholly owned subsidiaries Smart Communications and Piltel, along with Globe Telecom of the Ayala Group, BayanTel, and Sun Cellular are the major cellular service providers in the country.
There are approximately 383 AM and 659 FM radio stations and 297 television and 873 cable television stations.[147] Estimates for internet penetration in the Philippines vary widely ranging from a low of 2.5 million to a high of 24 million people.[148][149] Social networking and MMORPGs are among the most frequent internet activities.[150][151]

Culture and society

Islamic instruments of gongs and a drum that make up the Philippine kulintang ensemble, an example of pre-Hispanic musical tradition.
Philippine culture is a combination of Eastern and Western cultures. The Philippines shares many aspects with other Asian countries, with a traditional Malay[152] heritage, yet its culture also displays a significant amount of Spanish and American influences. These influences are evident in literature, folk music, folk dance, language, food, art, and religion.
Traditional festivities known as barrio fiestas (district festivals) to commemorate the feast days of patron saints are common. The Moriones Festival and Sinulog Festival are a couple of the most well-known. These community celebrations are times for feasting, music, and dancing. Some traditions, however, are changing or gradually being forgotten due to modernization. The Bayanihan Philippine National Folk Dance Company has been lauded for preserving many of the various traditional folk dances found throughout the Philippines. They are famed for their iconic performances of Philippine dances such as the tinikling and singkil that both feature the use of clashing bamboo poles.[153]
One of the most visible Hispanic legacies is the prevalence of Spanish surnames and names among Filipinos. A Spanish name and surname among the majority of Filipinos does not always denote Spanish ancestry. This peculiarity, unique among the people of Asia, came as a result of a colonial decree, the Clavería edict, for the systematic distribution of family names and implementation of the Spanish naming system on the population.[154] The names of many streets, towns, and provinces are also in Spanish. Spanish architecture has left an imprint in the Philippines in the way many towns were designed around a central square or plaza mayor, but many of the buildings bearing its influence were demolished during World War II.[21] Some examples remain, however, mainly among the country's churches, government buildings, and universities. Four Philippine baroque churches are included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites: the San Agustín Church in Manila, the Paoay Church in Ilocos Norte, the Nuestra Señora de la Asunción (Santa María) Church in Ilocos Sur, and the Santo Tomás de Villanueva Church in Iloilo.[155] Vigan in Ilocos Sur is also known for the many Hispanic-styled houses and buildings preserved there.[156]
The common use of the English language is an example of the American impact on Philippine society. It has contributed to the ready acceptance and influence of American pop cultural trends. This affinity is seen in Filipinos' love of fast food, film, and music. Fast food outlets are found on many street corners. American global fast food chain stalwarts have entered the market, but local fast food chains like Goldilocks and most notably Jollibee, the leading fast food chain in the country, have emerged and compete successfully against their foreign rivals.[157][158] Modern day Filipinos also listen and watch contemporary American and European music and film. However, Original Pilipino Music (also known as OPM) and local films are also enjoyed.

Cuisine

The Halo-halo is a dessert made of ice, milk, various fruits and ice cream.
Filipino cuisine has evolved over several centuries from its Malayo-Polynesian origins to become a mixed cuisine with many Hispanic, Chinese, American, and other Asian influences that have been adapted to local ingredients and the Filipino palate to create distinctively Filipino dishes. Dishes range from the very simple, like a meal of fried salted fish and rice, to the elaborate, such as the paellas and cocidos created for fiestas. Popular dishes include lechón, adobo, sinigang, kare-kare, tapa, crispy pata, pancit, lumpia, and halo-halo. Some common local ingredients used in cooking are calamondins, coconuts, saba (a kind of short wide plantain), mangoes, milkfish, and fish sauce. Filipino taste buds tend to favor robust flavors but the cuisine is not as spicy as those of its neighbors.[158][159]
Furthermore, unlike many of their Asian counterparts, Filipinos do not eat with chopsticks. They use western cutlery. However, possibly due to rice being the primary staple food and the popularity of a large number of stews or broth based main dishes in Filipino cuisine, the main pairing of utensils seen at the Filipino dining table is that of spoon and fork, not knife and fork.[160] The traditional way of eating with the hands known as kamayan is seen more often in less urbanized areas.[161]

Mythology and literature

Philippine mythology has been handed down primarily through the traditional oral folk literature of the Filipino people. While each unique ethnic group has its own stories and myths to tell Hindu and Spanish influence can nonetheless be detected in many cases. Many of the myths are creation stories or stories about supernatural creatures, such as the aswang (vampire), the diwata (fairy), and Nature. Some popular figures from Philippine mythologies are Maria Makiling, Lam-Ang, and the sarimanok.[162]
Philippine literature comprises works usually written in Filipino, Spanish, or English. Some of the most widely known were created in the 19th century. Francisco Balagtas the poet and playwright who wrote Florante at Laura is recognized as a preeminent writer in the Filipino language. José Rizal wrote the novels Noli Me Tangere (Touch Me Not), and El Filibusterismo (The Reign of Greed) and is considered a national hero. His depiction of the injustices of Spanish rule and death by firing squad inspired other Philippine revolutionaries to seek independence. In the 20th century, among those officially recognized as National Artists of the Philippines in literature are N.V.M. Gonzalez, Nick Joaquin, F. Sionil Jose, and Alejandro Roces.[163]

Media

The GMA Network broadcasting center
Philippine media uses mainly Filipino and English. Other Philippine languages, including various Visayan languages are also used, especially in radio due to its ability to reach remote rural locations that might otherwise not be serviced by other kinds of media. The dominant television networks ABS-CBN and GMA also have extensive radio presence.[164]
The entertainment industry is vibrant and feeds broadsheets and tabloids with an unending supply of details about celebrities and sensationalist scandals du jour. Drama and fantasy shows are anticipated as are Latin telenovelas, Asianovelas, and anime. Daytime television is dominated by game shows, variety shows, and talk shows such as Eat Bulaga, Game KNB? and Wowowee. Philippine cinema has a long history and is widely appreciated, but has faced increasing competition from American and European films. Critically acclaimed directors and actors include Lino Brocka and Nora Aunor for films like Maynila: Sa mga Kuko ng Liwanag (Manila: In the Claws of Light) and Himala (Miracle). In recent years it has become common to see celebrities flitting between television and movies and then moving into politics provoking concerns.[165]

Sports and recreation

A professional basketball game being played between the Purefoods Tender Juicy Giants and Barako Bull Energy Boosters.
Various sports and pastimes are popular in the Philippines including basketball, boxing, volleyball, football, badminton, taekwondo, billiards, ten-pin bowling, chess, and sipa. Motocross, cycling, and mountaineering are also becoming popular.[166] Basketball is played at both amateur and professional levels and is considered to be the most popular sport in the Philippines.[167][168] In almost every corner of the cities, there is a basketball court.[153][166]
Some Filipinos widely recognized for their achievements include Francisco Guilledo, Flash Elorde, and Manny Pacquiao in boxing,[166] Paulino Alcántara in football (soccer), Carlos Loyzaga, Robert Jaworski and Ramon Fernandez in basketball, Efren Reyes in billiards,[169] Eugene Torre in chess, and Rafael Nepomuceno in bowling.[170]
Traditional Filipino games such as luksung baka, patintero, piko, and tumbang preso are still played primarily as children's games among the youth.[171][172] Sungka is a traditional native Filipino board game. Card games are popular during festivities, with some, including pusoy and tong-its, being used as a form of illegal gambling. Mahjong is played in some Filipino communities. The yo-yo, a popular toy in the Philippines, was introduced in its modern form by Pedro Flores with its name from the Ilokano language.[173][174] Arnis is the national martial art and sport.[175]

See also

References

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Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Asia : Southeast Asia : Philippines
noframe
Location
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Flag
Image:rp-flag.png
Quick Facts
Capital Manila
Government Republic
Currency Philippine peso (PHP)
Area total: 300,000 km2
water: 1,830 km2
land: 298,170 km2
Population 87,857,473 (July 2006 est.)
Language English and .Filipino (based on the Tagalog language) are the two official languages.^ The Philippines has two official languages, English and Pilipino, which is based on Tagalog.
  • Treaty With The Philippines on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.lawphil.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Filipino which is based on Tagalog, is the national language.
  • About the Philippines Islands such as Boracay,Cebu,Palawan,Bohol,Corregidor,Dos Palmas,etc... 25 September 2009 15:39 UTC www.tj-travel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ LANGUAGES Two official languages --- Filipino and English.
  • About the Philippines Islands such as Boracay,Cebu,Palawan,Bohol,Corregidor,Dos Palmas,etc... 25 September 2009 15:39 UTC www.tj-travel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There are about 8 major languages, 76 to 78 major language groups, with more than 170 distinct languages.^ There are about 76 to 78 major language groups, with more than 500 dialects.
  • About the Philippines Islands such as Boracay,Cebu,Palawan,Bohol,Corregidor,Dos Palmas,etc... 25 September 2009 15:39 UTC www.tj-travel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Perhaps due to their long association with Spain, Filipinos are emotional and passionate about life in a way that seems more Latin than Asian.
  • About the Philippines Islands such as Boracay,Cebu,Palawan,Bohol,Corregidor,Dos Palmas,etc... 25 September 2009 15:39 UTC www.tj-travel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are no very large rivers; the Cagayan of northern Luzon and the Rio Grande and the Agusan, both in Mindanao, are more than 200 miles in length.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Philippine Islands 6 February 2010 12:55 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

Religion Christianity 91% (Roman Catholic 82%, Protestant 9%), Islam 5%, Buddhism 3% and other 1%.
Electricity 220V 60Hz (in Baguio or in some homes 110V with transformers)
Calling Code +63
Internet TLD .ph
Title
Info
Time Zone UTC +8
.The Republic of the Philippines [1] (Filipino: Republika ng Pilipinas) is an archipelago in South-East Asia consisting of 7,107 islands located between the Philippine Sea and the South China Sea, east of Vietnam, and north of Sabah and Borneo.^ Most of the Philippine Islands are clustered in a predominantly north-south direction.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It has a small mountain to the east, and a view of the South China Sea to the west.
  • Cost of Living Chart – Philippines (in Peso, Dollar and Euro) » nomad4ever 6 February 2010 12:55 UTC www.nomad4ever.com [Source type: General]

^ Republic of the Philippines, Republika ng Pilipinas.
  • Ethnologue report for Philippines 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.ethnologue.com [Source type: General]

.The Philippines is an archipelago abundant in nature, rich in culture, and filled with pleasant discoveries.^ Food is abundant in the Philippines because it is rich in natural resources.
  • Center for International Rehabilitation Research Information and Exchange: Understanding Persons of Philippine Origin: A Primer for Rehabilitation Service Providers 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC cirrie.buffalo.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Philippines-Introduction The Philippines is an archipelago blessed with a wealth of natural resources, a rich history and unique culture.
  • India to Philippines Tours, Philippines,Philippines Travel,Philippines Tourist Guide,Philippines Travel Agency,Philippines Travel Guide 6 February 2010 12:55 UTC www.worldtravel4indians.com [Source type: News]

^ The Philippine waters are abundant with many varieties of fish, which are an important natural resource as a staple of the Philippine diet and an export commodity.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Experience the Philippines, its 7,107 islands, its natural wonders, colorful history and warm, engaging people.^ The Philippines is an archipelago of 7,107 islands and islets.
  • Philippines | The Filipino Friends Blog 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC thefilipinofriends.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The history of American rule and contact with merchants and traders culminated in a unique blend of East and West, both in the appearance and culture of the Filipinos, or people of the Philippines.
  • About the Philippines Islands such as Boracay,Cebu,Palawan,Bohol,Corregidor,Dos Palmas,etc... 25 September 2009 15:39 UTC www.tj-travel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is a difficult task considering that people from the Philippines, in spite of their large number and long history of immigration to the United States, comprise an invisible ethnic group in America.
  • Center for International Rehabilitation Research Information and Exchange: Understanding Persons of Philippine Origin: A Primer for Rehabilitation Service Providers 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC cirrie.buffalo.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Over a hundred ethnic groups, a mixture of foreign influences and a fusion of culture and arts have enhanced the uniqueness of the Filipino race and the wonder that is the Philippines.^ The arts of the Philippines reflect a society with diverse cultural influences and traditions.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It claims title to the second largest archipelago on the planet, with over 7,100 individual islands within its borders and it is home to over 100 ethnic groups and hundreds of language dialects.

^ People The great majority of the people of the Philippines belong to the Malay group and are known as Filipinos.
  • The Philippines Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about The Philippines 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The Chocolate Hills of Bohol
The Chocolate Hills of Bohol
Hawksbill Turtle in Sabang
Hawksbill Turtle in Sabang
.Several thousand years ago, the first settlers in the Philippines crossed shallow seas and land bridges from the Asian mainland to arrive in this group of islands.^ Thus, the latter could not have been a land bridge to the Asian mainland.
  • Philippines | The Filipino Friends Blog 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC thefilipinofriends.com [Source type: Original source]

^ These became land bridges connecting the Philippines to the Asian mainland.
  • Philippines | The Filipino Friends Blog 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC thefilipinofriends.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Pre-Spanish Period The first people in the Philippines, the Negritos, are believed to have come to the islands 30,000 years ago from Borneo and Sumatra, making their way across then-existing land bridges.
  • Philippines (10/09) 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

These were the Negritos or Aetas. .Direct descendants of these people can still be found in Zambales province to the North of Manila.^ A large bulk of this figure is courtesy of Hanjin Heavy Industries and Construction Co., which is building a $1 billion shipyard – the fourth-largest in the world – inside the Subic Bay Freeport Zone in Zambales Province north of Manila.
  • Asia Sentinel - Korea Invades the Philippines 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.asiasentinel.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A family that has lived in metropolitan Manila for two generations still regards a municipality or province as its home.
  • Culture of The Philippines - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, wedding, tribe, population, religion 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Salcedo's report to his uncle was favourable and in 1571 Legaspi, leaving the affairs of government in the hands of the natives, proceeded north and founded the city of Maynila, later Manila.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Philippine Islands 6 February 2010 12:55 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

.Several thousand years later, they were then followed by Austronesian settlers travelling the same route as the Negritos but this time over sea in their impressive Balangay boats.^ Tubbataha's North Reef is a nesting site for sea birds of all kinds as thousands of birds converge there every year.
  • About the Philippines Islands such as Boracay,Cebu,Palawan,Bohol,Corregidor,Dos Palmas,etc... 25 September 2009 15:39 UTC www.tj-travel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At the same time, the method of execution specified in a request is to be followed unless the laws of the Requested State prohibit it.
  • Treaty With The Philippines on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.lawphil.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Location : Cagayancillo, Palawan Operating Hours : The Park is open to visitors all year round but best time to visit is from March to June when the sea is calmer.
  • About the Philippines Islands such as Boracay,Cebu,Palawan,Bohol,Corregidor,Dos Palmas,etc... 25 September 2009 15:39 UTC www.tj-travel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

This word is where the basic form of political institution, the baranggay, came from.
.After settling the islands, they traveled further and settled the islands of Indonesia, Malaysia as well as the whole Pacific.^ Republic of the Philippines (in Filipino, Republika ng Pilipinas ), island republic in the western Pacific Ocean, within the Malay Archipelago, an island grouping that extends southward to include Indonesia and Malaysia.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Guess only in Malaysia and parts of Indonesia they are caught and culled.
  • Visit the gorgeous Islands and Beaches of the Philippines » nomad4ever 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.nomad4ever.com [Source type: General]

^ This is mainly a derivative of the Malay language widely spoken in the region, comprising the Philippine Islands, Indonesia , Malaysia and Borneo .
  • Philippines - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The early Austronesians of the Philippines simultaneously traded with each other as well as with the Chinese, Japanese, Okinawans, Indians, Thais, Arabs and other Austronesians of present-day Malaysia and Indonesia.^ Arabs and Indians also traveled and traded in the Philippines in the first and early second millennium.
  • Philippines (10/09) 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Add to the above other cuisines found in the country along with other global influences: French, Italian, Middle Eastern, Japanese, Thai, Vietnamese.
  • About the Philippines Islands such as Boracay,Cebu,Palawan,Bohol,Corregidor,Dos Palmas,etc... 25 September 2009 15:39 UTC www.tj-travel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At least 86 people were killed and dozens of others were missing early Monday after a tropical storm swept through the northern Philippines and caused flooding.
  • Philippines News - Breaking World Philippines News - The New York Times 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC topics.nytimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.An interesting mix of cultures developed in the islands, and a writing system called baybayin or alibata, as well as a social structure developed quickly.^ The Pan-Philippine Highway, also called the Maharlika Highway, is a system of roads, bridges, and ferries that connects the islands of Luzon, Samar, Leyte, and Mindanao.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Minister added that his country is particularly interested with the development of degree programs/certification courses on Education, Information System, Engineering, Architecture, and Urban Planning.
  • University of the Philippines Open University 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.upou.edu.ph [Source type: Academic]

^ A Filipino blogger was charged with a libel suit by the secretary of the Department of Social Welfare and Development after writing about the ‘rotting' relief goods in a government warehouse.

Hinduism and Buddhism was introduced by traders from India, Sumatra and Java. .These two religions syncretized with the various indigenous animistic beliefs.^ Animism, a belief that natural objects have souls, is the oldest religion in the country, practiced by indigenous peoples in the mountains of Luzon.
  • Culture of The Philippines - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, wedding, tribe, population, religion 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Later, Arab, Malay and Javanese traders converted the natives, mainly in the island of Mindanao and the Sulu Archipelago to Islam.^ They comprise three natural divisions—the northern, which includes Luzon and attendant islands; the central, occupied by the Visayan Islands and Palawan and Mindoro; and the southern, encompassing Mindanao and the Sulu Archipelago.
  • Philippines News - Breaking World Philippines News - The New York Times 18 September 2009 11:39 UTC topics.nytimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Chinese merchants and traders arrived and settled in the ninth century, and 500 years later, Arabs arrived, introducing Islam in the south and extending some influence even into Luzon.
  • The Philippines, Islands of Paradise; Republic of The Philippines 20 September 2009 11:58 UTC zamboanga.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the 14th century traders and settlers from the Malay Peninsula and Borneo introduced Islam to the southern islands of the Sulu Archipelago.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.When the explorer Ferdinand Magellan set foot on Philippine soil through the island of Homonhon in 1521, the Philippines was predominantly animist, with some Muslim and Hindu inhabitants mainly in the southern part of the country.^ The islands were discovered 16 March, 1521, by Ferdinand Magellan .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Philippine Islands 6 February 2010 12:55 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Attempts by some neighboring countries to duplicate its cultivation and production (more recently, Mexico), but none could approximate the taste and texture of those grown in the Philippines, specially the produce from Guimaras Island, Iloilo province.
  • Philippines - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The island-province of Cebu is where the Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan planted the Cross of Christianity in the name of Spain in 1521.
  • India to Philippines Tours, Philippines,Philippines Travel,Philippines Tourist Guide,Philippines Travel Agency,Philippines Travel Guide 6 February 2010 12:55 UTC www.worldtravel4indians.com [Source type: News]

Famished, Magellan's crew were treated to a feast by the welcoming islanders who wore elaborate gold jewelry. .Magellan was Portuguese but it was a Spanish Expedition which he led to the islands which were eventually claimed by Spain as its colony.^ The island-province of Cebu is where the Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan planted the Cross of Christianity in the name of Spain in 1521.
  • India to Philippines Tours, Philippines,Philippines Travel,Philippines Tourist Guide,Philippines Travel Agency,Philippines Travel Guide 6 February 2010 12:55 UTC www.worldtravel4indians.com [Source type: News]

^ The most famous was the western route taken by Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese explorer under the employ of Spanish King Charles I, whereupon he stumbled on the islands of the Philippines on March 17, 1521 but was eventually killed by the Muslim Malay Kaliph Pulaka (or Lapu-lapu), chieftain of Mactan island.
  • Philippines - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Spanish Period Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan reached the Philippines and claimed the archipelago for Spain in 1521, but was killed shortly afterwards when he intervened in a dispute between rival tribes.
  • Philippines (10/09) 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Philippines was later on named for Crown Prince Philip II of Spain and most of the natives converted to Catholicism.^ In 1543 they named the islands after Prince Philip (later PHILIP II of Spain).
  • The Philippines Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about The Philippines 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Europeans returned 44 years later led by the Adelantado, Miguel Lopez de Legazpi, to conquer the islands in the name of Spanish King Philip II. Thus, started the Spanish rule of the islands for the next 333 years.
  • Philippines - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For about 300 years the Philippines was under the crown of Spain (I’m still a little mad about this), and as we all know, the Imperial Spanish loved their Catholicism!
  • In “Gay Friendly” Philippines, Lesbians Still Forced to Keep it in the Closet 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.autostraddle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Muslims in the south and various animistic mountain tribes, however, resisted Spanish conquest and Catholic conversion.^ However, the further spread and influence of Islam were cut short by the conquest and Spanish colonization of the Philippines starting in 1665.
  • Philippines | The Filipino Friends Blog 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC thefilipinofriends.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Muslims of southern Mindanao and the Sulu Archipelago were never baptized and actively resisted Spanish rule for more than 300 years.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, armed resistance continued sporadically until 1913, especially among the Muslims in Mindanao and Sulu.
  • Philippines (10/09) 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The longest revolt against Spanish colonization was led by Francisco Dagohoy in Bohol which lasted for 85 years covering the period of 1744-1829. As a cabeza de barangay or barangay captain, Dagohoy opposed the Spanish colonizers which were represented by priests and civil leaders, which require payment of excessive taxes, tributes.^ By the terms of this agreement the Filipinos were not to plot against Spanish sovereignty for a period of three years; Aguinaldo and other followers were to be deported, for a period to be fixed by Spain .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Philippine Islands 6 February 2010 12:55 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Spanish-American War of 1898 and the defeat of the Spanish fleet in Manila Bay led the Filipino leader Emilio Aguinaldo to declare independence from Spain.
  • Culture of The Philippines - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, wedding, tribe, population, religion 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In Feb., 1899, Aguinaldo led a new revolt, this time against U.S. rule.
  • Philippines News - Breaking World Philippines News - The New York Times 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC topics.nytimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Philippines News - Breaking World Philippines News - The New York Times 18 September 2009 11:39 UTC topics.nytimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

They also oppresed the Philippines' natives by not subjecting them as slaves and sending them to prison for disobeying rules.
.The Philippines remained a Spanish colony for over 300 years until 1899 when it was ceded by Spain to the United States following the Spanish-American War.^ The United States stayed in the Philippines until 1946.
  • Center for International Rehabilitation Research Information and Exchange: Understanding Persons of Philippine Origin: A Primer for Rehabilitation Service Providers 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC cirrie.buffalo.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After years of trials and errors, the Philippines became a Commonwealth of the United States.
  • The Philippines, Islands of Paradise; Republic of The Philippines 20 September 2009 11:58 UTC zamboanga.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Philippines was Spain’s only colony in Asia.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Filipinos declared independence on June 12, 1898 and resisted the American occupation and colonization and fought the Americans for seven years until the Filipinos surrendered which completed the colonization of the Philippines.^ Filipinos and Americans fought together until the Japanese surrendered in September 1945.
  • Philippines (10/09) 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Philippines was colonized by the Spaniards for about 333 years and by the Americans for 48 years.
  • Philippines | The Filipino Friends Blog 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC thefilipinofriends.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Aguinaldo declared independence from Spain on June 12, 1898.
  • Philippines (10/09) 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The American presence remained until World War II when Japan invaded the Philippines.^ World War II War came suddenly to the Philippines on Dec.
  • The Philippines Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about The Philippines 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Philippine Collaboration in World War II (1967).
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You can unwind the past with architectural marvels of Vigan in Ilocos and the remains of Second World War.
  • Philippines Tourist Attractions, Philippines Travel Guides, Travel Information 18 September 2009 11:39 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Japanese occupation lasted from 1941 to 1945 when Gen.^ They then waged a guerilla war against the Japanese from 1941 to 1945.
  • Department of Tourism - The Philippines Ultimate Travel Guide for Tourist 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.visitmyphilippines.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • About the Philippines Islands such as Boracay,Cebu,Palawan,Bohol,Corregidor,Dos Palmas,etc... 25 September 2009 15:39 UTC www.tj-travel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ (See chapter 2: The Spanish Colonization of the Philippines (1565-1898); chapter 4: The Philippine-American War (1899-1902); and chapter 5: The Japanese Occupation of the Philippines, (1942-1945).
  • Philippines | The Filipino Friends Blog 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC thefilipinofriends.com [Source type: Original source]

.Douglas McArthur fulfilled his promise and liberated the country from the Japanese.^ Due to the Japanese occupation, the guerrilla warfare that followed, and the battles leading to liberation, the country suffered great damage and a complete organizational breakdown.
  • Philippines (10/09) 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1946, the Philippines was granted full independence by the U.S., although they maintained a military presence in the country through the Subic Naval Base in Zambales and Clark Air Base in Angeles City.^ On 4 July 1946 the Philippines attained their independence.
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Philippines 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Philippines finally gained its “sovereignty” in 1946 with the condition that the USA maintained its huge military bases in the country.
  • Philippines - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Philippines regained its independence in 1946.
  • About the Philippines Islands such as Boracay,Cebu,Palawan,Bohol,Corregidor,Dos Palmas,etc... 25 September 2009 15:39 UTC www.tj-travel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These facilities were ultimately returned to the Philippines in the early 1990's.^ Some of these early migrations to the Philippine Islands were made by the ancestors of the present-day people of the Aeta and Agta tribes.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ GOVERNMENT The new Philippine Constitution was ratified in early 1987, signalling the country's return to democracy.
  • Department of Tourism - The Philippines Ultimate Travel Guide for Tourist 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.visitmyphilippines.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Philippine economy was therefore affected by the worldwide slump in demand for these items in the early 2000s.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Up until the 1960's, the Philippines was second only to Japan in terms of development in Asia.^ The Philippines was Spain’s only colony in Asia.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Philippines is the only Christian nation in Asia.
  • Culture of The Philippines - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, wedding, tribe, population, religion 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Immigration to the U.S. from the Philippines is second only to immigration from Mexico.
  • Center for International Rehabilitation Research Information and Exchange: Understanding Persons of Philippine Origin: A Primer for Rehabilitation Service Providers 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC cirrie.buffalo.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Several decades of corrupt rule by Ferdinand Marcos plunged the country into debt and the Philippines ultimately became known as the sick man of Asia.^ The Philippines ( Dutch : Filipijnen , Filipino : Pilipinas , German : Philippinen , Indonesian : Negeri Pilipina , Portuguese : as ilhas Filipinas , Romanian : Filipine ), officially known as the Republic of the Philippines , is a country in Southeast Asia with Manila as its capital city.
  • Philippines - eRepublik Official Wiki 6 February 2010 12:55 UTC wiki.erepublik.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Treaty is also important for the Philippines, as it reflects a formal commitment by the United States to assist in its high priority investigations of public corruption, such as efforts to recover public assets stolen during the administration of former President Ferdinand Marcos.
  • Treaty With The Philippines on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.lawphil.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The 20-year rule of Ferdinand MARCOS ended in 1986, when a "people power" movement in Manila ("EDSA 1") forced him into exile and installed Corazon AQUINO as president.
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Philippines 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC www.cia.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Philippines, Islands of Paradise; Republic of The Philippines 20 September 2009 11:58 UTC zamboanga.com [Source type: Original source]

Poverty was widespread and infrastructure for development was severely lacking. In 1986, the People Power uprising finally overthrew the Marcos government and he was replaced by Corazon Aquino, widow of slain opposition leader, Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino, Jr.
.A couple of decades more have passed and somehow the Philippines are still lagging in comparison to its South East Asian neighbors Thailand, Malaysia and Vietnam.^ But other neighboring countries such as China , Vietnam , Taiwan , Malaysia and Brunei have aggressively laid claim to them, too, when US forces left their military bases in the Philippines in the 90s.
  • Philippines - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thailand, though, still gets twice as many Korean tourists as the Philippines, totaling over 1.1 million in 2006.
  • Asia Sentinel - Korea Invades the Philippines 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.asiasentinel.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There are no land boundaries; the country is bordered on the west by the South China Sea, on the east by the Philippine Sea, on the south by the Celebes Sea, and on the north by the Luzon Strait, which separates the country from its nearest neighbor, Taiwan.
  • Culture of The Philippines - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, wedding, tribe, population, religion 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Development is still slow but the country is at least moving in the right direction in recent times.
Luneta Park
Luneta Park
.As of 2008, the Philippines has a population estimated at 96 million.^ According to the Philippine National Statistics Office (2000,) the population of the Philippines is 76.5 million.
  • Center for International Rehabilitation Research Information and Exchange: Understanding Persons of Philippine Origin: A Primer for Rehabilitation Service Providers 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC cirrie.buffalo.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Philippines’ population is also growing closer to Russia’s figure (more that 100 million), but the Philippines needs to worry more because this country is not as big as Russia.

^ The estimated population in July 2000 was eighty-one million.
  • Culture of The Philippines - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, wedding, tribe, population, religion 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.From its long history of Western occupation, 300 years by the Spaniards and 30 years by the Americans, its people have evolved as a unique blend of East and West in both appearance and culture.^ The history of American rule and contact with merchants and traders culminated in a unique blend of East and West, both in the appearance and culture of the Filipinos, or people of the Philippines.
  • About the Philippines Islands such as Boracay,Cebu,Palawan,Bohol,Corregidor,Dos Palmas,etc... 25 September 2009 15:39 UTC www.tj-travel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ From a long history of Western colonial rule, interspersed with the visits of merchants and traders, evolved a people of a unique blend of east and west, both in appearance and culture.
  • About the Philippines Islands such as Boracay,Cebu,Palawan,Bohol,Corregidor,Dos Palmas,etc... 25 September 2009 15:39 UTC www.tj-travel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is a difficult task considering that people from the Philippines, in spite of their large number and long history of immigration to the United States, comprise an invisible ethnic group in America.
  • Center for International Rehabilitation Research Information and Exchange: Understanding Persons of Philippine Origin: A Primer for Rehabilitation Service Providers 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC cirrie.buffalo.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.But Filipinos are largely Malay in terms of ethnic origin (Austronesian or Malayo-Polynesian).^ The term Filipino originally described a person of Spanish descent born in the Philippines.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The original Negrito inhabitants of the Philippines were largely displaced by waves of Malay peoples migrating from Yunnan province in south-west China after c.
  • The Philippines Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about The Philippines 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Filipino dialects belong to the so-called Malayo-Polynesian language family, which is said to be the largest language family throughout the world.
  • Philippines | The Filipino Friends Blog 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC thefilipinofriends.com [Source type: Original source]

.However, many, particularly in the cities of Luzon and the Visayas, have heavy Chinese, Spanish, and American mixtures, whereas those living in the provinces are mostly of pure Austronesian origin (known as "native").^ Also known as the Maharlika Highway, the road network runs from Manila to Laoag City via Cagayan Valley in northern Luzon and from Manila to Davao in Mindanao via Bicol in southern Luzon, and Samar and Leyte in eastern Visayas.
  • Department of Tourism - The Philippines Ultimate Travel Guide for Tourist 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.visitmyphilippines.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are also the so-called upland tribal groups who live in the mountain regions of the country, such as in the Mountain Province of Luzon.
  • Philippines | The Filipino Friends Blog 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC thefilipinofriends.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Spanish influence was strongest in Luzon and the central Philippines but less so in Mindanao, save for certain coastal cities.
  • Philippines (10/09) 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Many Muslims in Mindanao have Arab, Indian and Chinese mixtures.^ As a result of intermarriage, many Filipinos have some Asian mainland, Spanish, American, Arab, or Indian ancestry.
  • Philippines (10/09) 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Provision also was made in the constitution for autonomous regions in Muslim areas of Mindanao and in the Cordillera region of northern Luzon, where many aboriginal tribes still live.
  • Philippines (10/09) 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The four largest foreign minorities in the country are as follows: Chinese, Koreans, and Indian, and the Japanese.^ Due to the Japanese occupation, the guerrilla warfare that followed, and the battles leading to liberation, the country suffered great damage and a complete organizational breakdown.
  • Philippines (10/09) 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While also targeting Chinese and Japanese students, Koreans make up the bulk of its customers.
  • Asia Sentinel - Korea Invades the Philippines 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.asiasentinel.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In Cebu, the second largest city in the country, about 60 of these centers serve Korean students.
  • Asia Sentinel - Korea Invades the Philippines 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.asiasentinel.com [Source type: Original source]

Also of significance are the Americans, Indonesians, and Arabs. .Pure Spaniards, and other Europeans, form a very small proportion in the country's population.^ First, an MLAT obligates each country to provide evidence and other forms of assistance needed in criminal cases.
  • Treaty With The Philippines on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.lawphil.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Search Google and you'll find that that country is in very bad shape compared to many others.
  • Michael Marley'�s Boxing Confidential� News, Analysis, and Commentary 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC www.boxingconfidential.com [Source type: Original source]

^ No other Communist country has such a deeply ingrained religious faith: on any given Sunday, close to 90% of the Polish population goes to church.
  • Adherents.com: By Location 20 September 2009 11:58 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Needless to say, the Filipino trait is a confluence of many cultures put together.^ The program will also reverse the prevailing migration trend, allowing many Filipino health workers to come home or stay put.

^ Seriously outdated prices aside, it's outdated and poorly put together to say the least.
  • The Philippines: The Longest Way Home 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC thelongestwayhome.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Hence, Jocano says that it is not correct to attribute the Filipino culture as being Malay in orientation.
  • Philippines | The Filipino Friends Blog 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC thefilipinofriends.com [Source type: Original source]

.Filipinos are famous for the bayanihan or spirit of kinship and camaraderie taken from Malay forefathers.^ The bayanihan or spirit of kinship and camaraderie that Filipinos are famous for is said to be taken from Malay forefathers.
  • About the Philippines Islands such as Boracay,Cebu,Palawan,Bohol,Corregidor,Dos Palmas,etc... 25 September 2009 15:39 UTC www.tj-travel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.They observe very close family ties which is said to have been passed on by the Chinese.^ And since they are a very closely knit family, it was difficult for them.
  • In “Gay Friendly” Philippines, Lesbians Still Forced to Keep it in the Closet 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.autostraddle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The close family relations are said to have been inherited from the Chinese.
  • About the Philippines Islands such as Boracay,Cebu,Palawan,Bohol,Corregidor,Dos Palmas,etc... 25 September 2009 15:39 UTC www.tj-travel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I said to him "The force that observed that very leaf through you is also unseen and you cant know it through your eyes just like you cant know the wind, but still it is there" .
  • Open Thread : IntentBlog 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC www.intentblog.com [Source type: General]

.Religion comes from the Spaniards who were responsible for spreading the Christian faith across the archipelago.^ The piousness comes from the Spaniards who introduced Christianity in the 16th century.
  • About the Philippines Islands such as Boracay,Cebu,Palawan,Bohol,Corregidor,Dos Palmas,etc... 25 September 2009 15:39 UTC www.tj-travel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Spaniards introduced Christianity (the Roman Catholic faith) and succeeded in converting the overwhelming majority of Filipinos.
  • About the Philippines Islands such as Boracay,Cebu,Palawan,Bohol,Corregidor,Dos Palmas,etc... 25 September 2009 15:39 UTC www.tj-travel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Islam predated Christianity in the region, spreading to the Sulu Archipelago in the 14th century and Mindanao in the 15th century.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Spaniards introduced Christianity (Roman Catholicism) and succeeded in converting the overwhelming majority of Filipinos.^ The pagans were converted to Christianity by the Spaniards.
  • Philippines | The Filipino Friends Blog 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC thefilipinofriends.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Although Christianity, particularly Roman Catholicism, was the predominant religion, there is no state religion, and church and state are legally separate.
  • Philippines 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Aware of the political and social advantages enjoyed by Roman Catholics in the colony, many Chinese converted to Catholicism and married Filipina women.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.At least 83% of the total population belongs to the Roman Catholic faith.^ At least 83% of the total population belongs to the Roman Catholic faith.
  • About the Philippines Islands such as Boracay,Cebu,Palawan,Bohol,Corregidor,Dos Palmas,etc... 25 September 2009 15:39 UTC www.tj-travel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Spaniards introduced Christianity (the Roman Catholic faith) and succeeded in converting the overwhelming majority of Filipinos.
  • About the Philippines Islands such as Boracay,Cebu,Palawan,Bohol,Corregidor,Dos Palmas,etc... 25 September 2009 15:39 UTC www.tj-travel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As in Spanish America, the various Roman Catholic religious orders—Augustinians, Franciscans, Dominicans, and Jesuits—were in charge of the conversion of the population to Christianity.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The genuine and pure expression of hospitality is an inherent trait in Filipinos, especially those who reside in the countryside who may appear very shy at first, but have a generous spirit, as seen in their smiles.^ Baseball, softball, football/soccer, basketball, and volleyball are generally among those sports Filipinos have embraced.
  • Adventure and Recreation in Philippines, Philippines Travel Guides 18 September 2009 11:39 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hospitality, a trait displayed by every Filipino, makes these people legendary in Southeast Asia.
  • About the Philippines Islands such as Boracay,Cebu,Palawan,Bohol,Corregidor,Dos Palmas,etc... 25 September 2009 15:39 UTC www.tj-travel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There shall be a General Auditing Office under the direction and control of an Auditor General, who shall hold office for a term of ten years and may not be reappointed.
  • Constitution of the Philippines (1935) - Wikisource 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC en.wikisource.org [Source type: Original source]

.Hospitality, a trait displayed by every Filipino, makes these people legendary in Southeast Asia.^ It is the one place in the world where foreigners from every nation are welcome, are embraced in “Filipino Hospitality.” .
  • "Moving to the Philippines ~ Living, Retire, Travel to the Philippines" 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.livinginthephilippines.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Filipino women, usually called Filipinas, have more social equality than women in most countries in Southeast Asia.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Americans later arrived and introduced further cultural changes, which made the Filipinos more and more different from the peoples of other Southeast Asian countries.
  • Philippines | The Filipino Friends Blog 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC thefilipinofriends.com [Source type: Original source]

Guests will often be treated like royalty in Philippine households. .This is most evident during fiestas when even virtual strangers are welcomed and allowed to partake in the feast that most, if not all, households have during the occasion.^ Even the dead are respected during All Saints Day on November 1 when Filipinos visit the cemetery and watch over graves in a festive mood.
  • Center for International Rehabilitation Research Information and Exchange: Understanding Persons of Philippine Origin: A Primer for Rehabilitation Service Providers 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC cirrie.buffalo.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Fiestas are held mostly during May, but they may occur on any day of the year, depending on the location or the feast of the particular patron saint.
  • Center for International Rehabilitation Research Information and Exchange: Understanding Persons of Philippine Origin: A Primer for Rehabilitation Service Providers 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC cirrie.buffalo.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

At times, this hospitality is taken to a fault. .Some households spend their entire savings on their fiesta offerings and sometimes even run into debt just to have lavish food on their table.^ Chinese merchants and traders arrived and settled in the ninth century, sometimes traveling on the ships of Arab traders, introducing Islam in the south and extending some influence even into Luzon.
  • Philippines (10/09) 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, where Governments have not provided information for the tables appended to Chapters 4 and 17, those tables have been omitted entirely in order to reduce the overall length of the profile and save paper.
  • Country Profile - Philippines 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

^ But then, even Camiguin offers plenty of variety (volcano, trekking, hot and cold springs) and if you are both into diving, you should try Malapascua .
  • Visit the gorgeous Islands and Beaches of the Philippines » nomad4ever 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.nomad4ever.com [Source type: General]

.They spend the next year paying for these debts and preparing for the next fiesta.^ Fiestas are held mostly during May, but they may occur on any day of the year, depending on the location or the feast of the particular patron saint.
  • Center for International Rehabilitation Research Information and Exchange: Understanding Persons of Philippine Origin: A Primer for Rehabilitation Service Providers 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC cirrie.buffalo.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But, if indeed you family is paying to fly you over to the next block ...or Cayman ...or wherever, I thank them profusely for their compassion, and the mental torcher they have to knowingly endure when you are in company.
  • Open Thread : IntentBlog 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC www.intentblog.com [Source type: General]

.At any rate, seldom can you find such hospitable people who enjoy the company of their Western visitors.^ You will enjoy the hospitality, sun and sand, the nightlife and certainly the people.
  • "Moving to the Philippines ~ Living, Retire, Travel to the Philippines" 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.livinginthephilippines.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Jobs are out of the question unless you are a senior executive with a foreign company who has an office here and wants to move you here, pay you.
  • "Moving to the Philippines ~ Living, Retire, Travel to the Philippines" 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.livinginthephilippines.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Are you one of those who appreciate arts as it should be or are you one of those people who cannot comprehend how a particular art is supposed to be good or beautiful.

.Perhaps due to their long association with Spain, Filipinos are emotional and passionate about life in a way that seems more Latin than Asian.^ Perhaps due to their long association with Spain, Filipinos are emotional and passionate about life in a way that seems more Latin than Asian.
  • About the Philippines Islands such as Boracay,Cebu,Palawan,Bohol,Corregidor,Dos Palmas,etc... 25 September 2009 15:39 UTC www.tj-travel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If a Korean is a racist, then let his hatred consume him inside out; there is more to life than being angry and bitter.
  • Asia Sentinel - Korea Invades the Philippines 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.asiasentinel.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If you wanna know more about life in Korea thru an exchange student's spectacles, visit: Everything Kimchi That's my blog.
  • Asia Sentinel - Korea Invades the Philippines 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.asiasentinel.com [Source type: Original source]

.Filipinos lead the bunch of English-proficient Asian people today.^ Filipinos are probably one of the few, if not the only, English-proficient Oriental people today.
  • About the Philippines Islands such as Boracay,Cebu,Palawan,Bohol,Corregidor,Dos Palmas,etc... 25 September 2009 15:39 UTC www.tj-travel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Senator Mar Roxas today vowed to carry on the Filipino people’s quest for democracy and a better life as he leads the Liberal Party and the nation in honoring the late Sen.
  • Liberal Party of the Philippines 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.liberalparty.ph [Source type: News]

^ The Americans later arrived and introduced further cultural changes, which made the Filipinos more and more different from the peoples of other Southeast Asian countries.
  • Philippines | The Filipino Friends Blog 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC thefilipinofriends.com [Source type: Original source]

.The American occupation was responsible for teaching the Filipino people the English language.^ Filipino and English are the primary languages of instruction.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ LANGUAGES Two official languages --- Filipino and English.
  • Department of Tourism - The Philippines Ultimate Travel Guide for Tourist 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.visitmyphilippines.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ National or official languages: Filipino, English.
  • Ethnologue report for Philippines 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.ethnologue.com [Source type: General]

.While the official language is Filipino (which many incorrectly equate to Tagalog) and whereas 76-78 languages and 170 dialects exist in this archipelago, still English is the second most widely spoken language in the country.^ The Philippines has two official languages, English and Pilipino, which is based on Tagalog.
  • Treaty With The Philippines on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.lawphil.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Filipino which is based on Tagalog, is the national language.
  • Department of Tourism - The Philippines Ultimate Travel Guide for Tourist 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.visitmyphilippines.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • About the Philippines Islands such as Boracay,Cebu,Palawan,Bohol,Corregidor,Dos Palmas,etc... 25 September 2009 15:39 UTC www.tj-travel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Filipino and English are the primary languages of instruction.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The geographical and cultural grouping of Filipinos is defined by region, where each group has a set of distinct traits and dialects - the sturdy and frugal Ilocanos of the north, the industrious Tagalogs of the central plains, the loving and sweet Visayans from the central islands, and the colorful tribesmen and religious Muslims of Mindanao.^ Mindanao and Panay also have central plains.
  • Culture of The Philippines - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, wedding, tribe, population, religion 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Filipinos are divided geographically and culturally into regions, and each regional group is recognizable by distinct traits and dialects - the sturdy and frugal llocanos of the north, the industrious Tagalogs of the central plains, the carefree Visayans from the central islands, and the colorful tribesmen and religious Moslems of Mindanao.
  • About the Philippines Islands such as Boracay,Cebu,Palawan,Bohol,Corregidor,Dos Palmas,etc... 25 September 2009 15:39 UTC www.tj-travel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The primary religious groups are Christians and Muslims.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Tribal communities or minorities are likewise scattered across the archipelago.
.Also, it may seem peculiar for tourists to notice the Latin flair in Filipino culture.^ Perhaps due to their long association with Spain, Filipinos are emotional and passionate about life in a way that seems more Latin than Asian.
  • About the Philippines Islands such as Boracay,Cebu,Palawan,Bohol,Corregidor,Dos Palmas,etc... 25 September 2009 15:39 UTC www.tj-travel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On the other hand, Filipinos also seem to be embracing Korean culture.
  • Asia Sentinel - Korea Invades the Philippines 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.asiasentinel.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It briefly discusses relevant information that may help readers increase their understanding of Filipino culture.
  • Center for International Rehabilitation Research Information and Exchange: Understanding Persons of Philippine Origin: A Primer for Rehabilitation Service Providers 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC cirrie.buffalo.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Mainstream Philippine culture compared to the rest of Asia is quite Hispanic and westernized at the surface level.^ The Philippines is separated from the rest of Asia by water.
  • Center for International Rehabilitation Research Information and Exchange: Understanding Persons of Philippine Origin: A Primer for Rehabilitation Service Providers 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC cirrie.buffalo.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Because of its isolation by water from the rest of Asia, the Philippines has qualities unlike its Asian neighbors.
  • Center for International Rehabilitation Research Information and Exchange: Understanding Persons of Philippine Origin: A Primer for Rehabilitation Service Providers 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC cirrie.buffalo.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Its unique location has made the Philippines the commercial, cultural and intellectual hub of Asia from the dawn of history.
  • Department of Tourism - The Philippines Ultimate Travel Guide for Tourist 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.visitmyphilippines.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.But still, Filipinos are essentially Southeast Asians and many indigenous and pre-Hispanic attitudes and ways of thinking are still noticeable underneath a seemingly westernized veneer.^ Many Filipinos continue to primarily speak their indigenous language, rather than Filipino.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Americans later arrived and introduced further cultural changes, which made the Filipinos more and more different from the peoples of other Southeast Asian countries.
  • Philippines | The Filipino Friends Blog 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC thefilipinofriends.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As a result of intermarriage, many Filipinos have some Asian mainland, Spanish, American, Arab, or Indian ancestry.
  • Philippines (10/09) 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Muslim Filipinos and indigenous groups, who have retained a fully Malayo-Polynesian culture unaffected by Spanish-influence, are also visible in cities like Manila, Baguio, Davao or Cebu, and can remind a visitor of the amazing diversity and multiculturalism present in the country.^ Philippines - Cebu - Boracay - Baguio - Manila View hotels in Philippines Adventure and recreation in Philippines has been a part of Philippine culture.
  • Adventure and Recreation in Philippines, Philippines Travel Guides 18 September 2009 11:39 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pinoy lesbians do have some political visibility in groups such as The ‘Babaylan Group’ (the name is from pre-Hispanic cross-dressing priests) at the University of the Philippines, ‘CLIC’ (Cannot Live In the Closet) in the main city of Manila, ‘Lesbond’ in the summer mountain resort city of Bagiuo and ‘The Group’ in the southern city of Davao.
  • In “Gay Friendly” Philippines, Lesbians Still Forced to Keep it in the Closet 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.autostraddle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The centerpiece would probably be lechon, spit-roasted pig, which may be Chinese or Polynesian in influence, but bears a Spanish name, and may therefore derive from cochinillo asado.
  • About the Philippines Islands such as Boracay,Cebu,Palawan,Bohol,Corregidor,Dos Palmas,etc... 25 September 2009 15:39 UTC www.tj-travel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

San Agustin Church, Intramuros, Manila
San Agustin Church, Intramuros, Manila
.The Philippines is not only the largest Christian country in Asia, but also it is the world's third largest Catholic Nation.^ The Philippines was Spain’s only colony in Asia.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Philippines is the only English speaking country in Asia.
  • "Moving to the Philippines ~ Living, Retire, Travel to the Philippines" 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.livinginthephilippines.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Philippines is the only Christian nation in Asia.
  • Culture of The Philippines - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, wedding, tribe, population, religion 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Catholic faith remains the single biggest legacy of three hundred years of Spanish colonial rule.^ Religion # A bishop blogger from the Philippines reviews and summarizes the pastoral statements issued by the Philippine Catholic Church in the past three years.

^ The Muslims of southern Mindanao and the Sulu Archipelago were never baptized and actively resisted Spanish rule for more than 300 years.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By the terms of this agreement the Filipinos were not to plot against Spanish sovereignty for a period of three years; Aguinaldo and other followers were to be deported, for a period to be fixed by Spain .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Philippine Islands 6 February 2010 12:55 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

.Catholicism is still taken quite seriously in the Philippines.^ For about 300 years the Philippines was under the crown of Spain (I’m still a little mad about this), and as we all know, the Imperial Spanish loved their Catholicism!
  • In “Gay Friendly” Philippines, Lesbians Still Forced to Keep it in the Closet 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.autostraddle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Masses still draw crowds from the biggest cathedrals in the metropolis to the smallest parish chapels in the countryside. .During Holy Week, most broadcast TV stations close down or operate only on limited hours and those that do operate broadcast religious programs.^ The DOLE conducted only sporadic inspections to enforce limits on workweek hours.
  • Philippines 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ DOLE conducted only sporadic inspections to enforce limits on workweek hours.
  • Philippines 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By law the standard legal workweek is 48 hours for most categories of industrial workers and 40 hours for government workers, with an eight-hour per day limit.
  • Philippines 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Catholic Church also still exerts quite a bit of influence even on non-religious affairs such as affairs of state.^ There he exerted a decisive influence on the already anti-Trinitarian Minor Reformed Church, which for a time bid for religious dominance in Poland.
  • Adherents.com: By Location 20 September 2009 11:58 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Following American practice, the Philippine Organic Act imposed the strict separation of church and state and eliminated the Roman Catholic Church as the official state religion.
  • The Philippines, Islands of Paradise; Republic of The Philippines 20 September 2009 11:58 UTC zamboanga.com [Source type: Original source]

^ No other Communist country has such a deeply ingrained religious faith: on any given Sunday, close to 90% of the Polish population goes to church.
  • Adherents.com: By Location 20 September 2009 11:58 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Mores are changing slowly, however; Filipinos are now slowly accepting what were previously taboo issues in as far as Catholic doctrine is concerned, such as artificial birth control, premarital sex, and the dissolution of marriage vows.^ Attempts to finalize the agreement, however, collapsed in July, 2008, when Muslims accused the government of reopening settled issues; the agreement was also challenged in court by Filipinos opposed to it.
  • The Philippines Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about The Philippines 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Americans later arrived and introduced further cultural changes, which made the Filipinos more and more different from the peoples of other Southeast Asian countries.
  • Philippines | The Filipino Friends Blog 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC thefilipinofriends.com [Source type: Original source]

^ However, Pontenila discovered that the more educated the city dweller is, the more accepting he is of the person with the mental handicap.
  • Center for International Rehabilitation Research Information and Exchange: Understanding Persons of Philippine Origin: A Primer for Rehabilitation Service Providers 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC cirrie.buffalo.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

 
.The biggest religious minority are Muslim Filipinos who primarily live in Mindanao and Sulu, but also increasingly in cities such as Manila, Baguio or Cebu in the north and central parts of the country.^ North central Mindanao, Misamis Oriental, south of Ginoog City.
  • Ethnologue report for Philippines 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.ethnologue.com [Source type: General]

^ The Maguindanao, who live mainly on Mindanao, are the largest Muslim group in the country.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Philippines - Cebu - Boracay - Baguio - Manila View hotels in Philippines Adventure and recreation in Philippines has been a part of Philippine culture.
  • Adventure and Recreation in Philippines, Philippines Travel Guides 18 September 2009 11:39 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.They account for around 5% of the population.^ They accounted for approximately 14 percent of the national population, with over 60 percent of the total in Mindanao.
  • Philippines 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Philippines 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Islam is the oldest continually practiced organized religion in the Philippines, with the first conversions made in the 12th century AD. Islam became such an important force that Manila at the time of the Spanish arrival in the 16th century was a Muslim city.^ By that time, the Philippines was under Spanish rule.
  • Center for International Rehabilitation Research Information and Exchange: Understanding Persons of Philippine Origin: A Primer for Rehabilitation Service Providers 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC cirrie.buffalo.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Christianity was established in the Philippines only after the arrival of the succeeding Spanish expeditionary forces (the first led by Legazpi in the early 16th century) and the Spanish Jesuits, and in the 17th and 18th centuries by the conquistadores.
  • Philippines (10/09) 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The certificate cited CERV’s “valuable and continuing contributions to the municipality through (its) foreign health volunteers…their untiring efforts to exchange knowledge and technology with local health workers…(and) their warm and harmonious…relationship with the people of San Agustin, Romblon.” While it is the practice of health office and the hospital to issue certificates to donations, this is the first time that the Local Government Unit and its Health Office awarded such a certificate to CERV-Philippines.

.Many aspects of this Islamic past are seen in certain cultural traits many mainstream Christian Filipinos still exhibit (such as eating and hygiene etiquette) and has added to the melting pot of Filipino culture in general.^ I am still active in medical hypnosis, biofeedback, psychotherapy and cross cultural counseling, resolving Filipino Foreigner relationship conflicts, but by appointment only.
  • "Moving to the Philippines ~ Living, Retire, Travel to the Philippines" 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.livinginthephilippines.com [Source type: Original source]

^ These people belonged to a primitive epoch of Malayan culture, which has apparently survived to this day among certain groups such as the Igorots.
  • The Philippines Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about The Philippines 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Muslim Filipinos, also known as Moros or Moro Muslims, constitute the second largest group with a common cultural identity, although there are many linguistic and cultural differences among them.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Sadly, Terrorist attacks and violent confrontations between the Filipino army and splinter militant Islamic organizations such as the Abu Sayyaf and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front have strained relations between Muslim and the non-Muslim Filipinos in rural areas in the south.^ The Moro Islamic Liberation Front also maintained similar "people's courts."
  • Philippines 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Philippines 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ IDPs: 150,000 (fighting between government troops and MILF and Abu Sayyaf groups) (2004) .
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Philippines 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ IDPs: 300,000 (fighting between government troops and MILF and Abu Sayyaf groups) (2007) .
  • CIA - The World Factbook -- Philippines 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC www.cia.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Yet, the Muslim Filipinos are much more liberal in their interpretations of Islam, and like the Muslims of Indonesia, are generally more relaxed regarding such topics as gender-segregation or the hijab (veil) than South Asians or Middle Eastern Muslims.^ Much like in Ghana where there are more creepy old white ladies with young local men than white men.
  • The Philippines: The Longest Way Home 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC thelongestwayhome.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Filipino women, usually called Filipinas, have more social equality than women in most countries in Southeast Asia.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Muslims of southern Mindanao and the Sulu Archipelago were never baptized and actively resisted Spanish rule for more than 300 years.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Indian Filipinos, Chinese Filipinos, and Japanese Filipinos are mostly Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Shinto, and Taoist which all accounts 3% of the population of the Philippines.^ Chinese population in the Philippines (1982).
  • Ethnologue report for Philippines 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.ethnologue.com [Source type: General]

^ The Muslim population of the Philippines lives mostly in the southern islands of Mindanao and the Sulu Archipelago.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thus, the Japanese had made a considerable penetration south all the way to the Philippine division headquarters.
  • Company C, 194th Tank Battalion in the Philippines, 1941-42 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.militarymuseum.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These populations have been in the country for centuries preceding Spanish rule, and many aspects of Buddhist and Hindu belief and culture are seen in the mainstream culture of Christian or Muslim Filipinos as well.^ Dance is a mixture of Filipino and Spanish cultures.
  • Culture of The Philippines - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, wedding, tribe, population, religion 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Towards the latter half of the 19th century, European-educated Filipinos or ilustrados (such as the Chinese Filipino national hero Jose Rizal) began to criticize the excesses of Spanish rule and instilled a new sense of national identity.
  • Philippines (10/09) 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Towards the latter half of the 19th century, Western-educated Filipinos or ilustrados (such as national hero Jose Rizal) began to criticize the excesses of Spanish rule and instilled a new sense of national identity.
  • The Philippines, Islands of Paradise; Republic of The Philippines 20 September 2009 11:58 UTC zamboanga.com [Source type: Original source]

.As with many things in the Philippines, religion statistics are never clear-cut and defined, and many Christians and Muslims also practice and believe in indigenous spiritual aspects (such as honoring natural deities and ancestor-worship, as well as the existence of magic and healers) that may in some cases contradict the orthodox rules of their religions.^ D mai.pen, show our buddy jhonny some thai curves, to see is to believe, he he he ...
  • Filipina Hot Babes [Archive] - Boxing Forum 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC www.boxingscene.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Because of poverty, coupled with a strong sense of religion acquired from Spanish friars, alternative forms of medical practices have developed in the Philippines.
  • Center for International Rehabilitation Research Information and Exchange: Understanding Persons of Philippine Origin: A Primer for Rehabilitation Service Providers 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC cirrie.buffalo.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There were some reports of Muslim discrimination against Christians in areas where Muslims were the majority.
  • Philippines 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Climate

.The climate is tropical, with March to May (summer) being the hottest months.^ CLIMATE March to May is hot and dry.
  • Department of Tourism - The Philippines Ultimate Travel Guide for Tourist 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.visitmyphilippines.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The summer months of April and May have temperatures in excess of 39 degrees Celsius (100 degrees Fahrenheit).
  • Culture of The Philippines - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, wedding, tribe, population, religion 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The school year runs from June to March to avoid the hot months of April and May.
  • Culture of The Philippines - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, wedding, tribe, population, religion 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The rainy season starts in June and extends through October with strong typhoons possible.^ Typhoons occur from June through November.
  • Culture of The Philippines - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, wedding, tribe, population, religion 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The monsoon season extends from November to April in the northeast and May to October in the southwest.
  • Philippines Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

^ Also, during the typhhon season form June to October is really good.
  • Visit the gorgeous Islands and Beaches of the Philippines » nomad4ever 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.nomad4ever.com [Source type: General]

.The coolest months are from November to February, with mid-January to end of February considered the best for cooler and dryer weather.^ Says: January 19th, 2008 at 10:50 am how about the weather at the end of MArch to sepnd some days onthe beaches like Boracay ??
  • Visit the gorgeous Islands and Beaches of the Philippines » nomad4ever 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.nomad4ever.com [Source type: General]

^ Temperatures are cooler in November through January, dropping below 30 degrees Celsius (85 degrees Fahrenheit).
  • Culture of The Philippines - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, wedding, tribe, population, religion 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ That dip also typically happens in January and February, bringing the coldest weather to the northern half of the US. Well this year it's happening early.
  • Open Thread : IntentBlog 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC www.intentblog.com [Source type: General]

Locations exposed directly to the Pacific Ocean have frequent rainfall all year. .This includes the popular Pagsanjan Falls southeast of Manila (though the falls will get you wet regardless).^ Be aware though, that the housing costs above are mainly applicable for Manila, you can live cheaper in the countryside and on not so populated islands.
  • Cost of Living Chart – Philippines (in Peso, Dollar and Euro) » nomad4ever 6 February 2010 12:55 UTC www.nomad4ever.com [Source type: General]

.The average temperatures range from 78°F / 25°C to 90°F / 32°C, and humidity is around 77 percent.^ Average temperatures: 78°F / 25°C to 90°F / 32°C; humidity is 77%.
  • Department of Tourism - The Philippines Ultimate Travel Guide for Tourist 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.visitmyphilippines.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Baguio, which is branded as the summer capital of the Philippines, tends to be cooler due to its being located in mountainous regions with temperatures at night going below 20°C (68°F).^ BAGUIO The country's summer capital, Baguio City, stands amidst the mountainous region of the Cordillera.
  • Department of Tourism - The Philippines Ultimate Travel Guide for Tourist 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.visitmyphilippines.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Interior valleys and leeward sides of islands tend to be warmer, while mountain slopes and peaks and windward sides of islands tend to be cooler.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Domingo had been studying in Manila, and was encouraged to leave the Philippine capital due to rumors of the coming war with Japan.
  • The Borromeo Family of the Philippines » TheBorromeoFamily.com 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.theborromeofamily.com [Source type: General]

Public Holidays
  • New Year's Day - January 1
  • Maundy Thursday - Varies
  • Good Friday - Varies
  • Easter Sunday - Varies
  • Araw Ng Kagitingan (Day of Valor) - April 9
  • Labor Day - May 1
  • Independence Day - June 12
  • Ninoy Aquino Day - August 21
  • National Heroes Day - Last Monday of August
  • All Saints Day - November 1
  • All Souls Day - November 2
  • Eid Ul Fitr (Hari Raya Puasa) - Varies according to lunar calendar
  • Eid Ul Adha - Varies according to lunar calendar
  • Bonifacio Day - November 30
  • Christmas Day - December 25
  • Rizal Day - December 30
  • Last Day of the Year - December 31
.Being a predominantly Catholic country means observing the traditional Catholic holidays of Maundy Thursday and Good Friday during Lent.^ On Easter weekend, the entire Christian area of the country is shut down from noon on Maundy Thursday until the morning of Black Saturday.
  • Culture of The Philippines - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, wedding, tribe, population, religion 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Christmas and New Year's Day are also observed as non-working holidays along with All Saints Day on November 1 and All Souls Day on November 2. In recognition of the Muslim Filipino, the Islamic feast of Eid-Al-Fitr (known in the Philippines as Hari Raya Puasa), held after Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting, is also a national holiday.^ Happy holy days to all throughout the year!
  • Open Thread : IntentBlog 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC www.intentblog.com [Source type: General]

^ Sino-Filipinos celebrate the Chinese New Year, which is not a national holiday, in January or February.
  • Culture of The Philippines - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, wedding, tribe, population, religion 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ New Year's Day is more of a family holiday than Christmas.
  • Culture of The Philippines - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, wedding, tribe, population, religion 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This day changes year by year, as it follows the Lunar Calendar.^ The term of office of Senators shall be six years and shall begin on the thirtieth day of December next following their election.
  • Constitution of the Philippines (1935) - Wikisource 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC en.wikisource.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The term of office of the Members of the House of Representatives shall be four years and shall begin on the thirtieth day of December next following their election.
  • Constitution of the Philippines (1935) - Wikisource 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC en.wikisource.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The terms of the President and Vice-President shall end at noon on the thirtieth day of December following the expiration of four years after their election, and the terms of their successors shall begin from such time.
  • Constitution of the Philippines (1935) - Wikisource 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC en.wikisource.org [Source type: Original source]

.Chinese New Year is also celebrated by the Chinese Community but dates vary according to the lunar calendar.^ Dog eating has deep roots in Vietnam; it is a practice steeped in ritual, and associated with certain dates on the lunar calendar.

^ Sino-Filipinos celebrate the Chinese New Year, which is not a national holiday, in January or February.
  • Culture of The Philippines - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, wedding, tribe, population, religion 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The galleon trade presented new opportunities for Chinese merchants, who formed an economically important community in Manila by the 1590s.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Secular holidays include Labor Day (May 1) and Independence Day (June 12).^ Labor Day is celebrated on 1 May.
  • Culture of The Philippines - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, wedding, tribe, population, religion 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Independence Day on 12 June celebrates freedom from Spanish rule.
  • Culture of The Philippines - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, wedding, tribe, population, religion 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Other national secular holidays are Fall of Bataan Day, an observation of the Bataan Death March in 1942 on 9 April.
  • Culture of The Philippines - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, wedding, tribe, population, religion 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

August 30 is declared National Heroes Day. .Some holidays also commemorate national heroes such as Jose Rizal (Dec.^ Doctor Jose Rizal is the national hero.
  • Culture of The Philippines - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, wedding, tribe, population, religion 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Towards the latter half of the 19th century, European-educated Filipinos or ilustrados (such as the Chinese Filipino national hero Jose Rizal) began to criticize the excesses of Spanish rule and instilled a new sense of national identity.
  • Philippines (10/09) 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Towards the latter half of the 19th century, Western-educated Filipinos or ilustrados (such as national hero Jose Rizal) began to criticize the excesses of Spanish rule and instilled a new sense of national identity.
  • The Philippines, Islands of Paradise; Republic of The Philippines 20 September 2009 11:58 UTC zamboanga.com [Source type: Original source]

30) and Andres Bonifacio (Nov. 30) as well as Ninoy Aquino (August 21).
.Metro Manila is less congested during Holy Week as people tend to go to their hometowns to spend the holidays there.^ Philippines, Do not be fooled by them just because of "Money" I dont care if they spend 800.00 to 1,000.00 there a month, I spend more than that in one week and I treat the filipino people and the custom with the utmost of respect.
  • Asia Sentinel - Korea Invades the Philippines 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.asiasentinel.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For example if you wanna go to manila living there for a few weeks might be more expensive than going to davao city, cebu city or cagayan de oro city.
  • Cost of Living Chart – Philippines (in Peso, Dollar and Euro) » nomad4ever 6 February 2010 12:55 UTC www.nomad4ever.com [Source type: General]

^ During other national holidays, they quietly spend some time with their families and friends.
  • Center for International Rehabilitation Research Information and Exchange: Understanding Persons of Philippine Origin: A Primer for Rehabilitation Service Providers 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC cirrie.buffalo.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Holy week is also considered part of the super peak season for most beach resorts such as Boracay and the most popular ones tend to get overcrowded at this time.^ The famous White Beach on Boracay Island is one of the most beautiful tropical beaches in the world.
  • Philippines Tourist Attractions, Philippines Travel Guides, Travel Information 18 September 2009 11:39 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sulit.com.ph is one of the most popular classified ads posting forum site in the Philippines.

^ Robbie owns and operates a restaurant in Boracay (a famous beach resort in the Philippines) and a bar in Makati, Metro Manila.
  • The Borromeo Family of the Philippines » TheBorromeoFamily.com 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.theborromeofamily.com [Source type: General]

Due to its cool mountain weather, Baguio is also where a lot of people spend the Holy Week break.

Culture

.The Philippines is a diverse country just like its neighboring countries; Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore, making the country more of a Salad bowl.^ Immediately to the south of the Philippines is Indonesia and to the southwest are Malaysia and Singapore.
  • Philippines | The Filipino Friends Blog 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC thefilipinofriends.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Philippine is one country I’m intended to visit in future, this post makes a good reference.
  • Cost of Living Chart – Philippines (in Peso, Dollar and Euro) » nomad4ever 6 February 2010 12:55 UTC www.nomad4ever.com [Source type: General]

^ Mining The Philippines is one of the world's most highly mineralized countries, with untapped mineral wealth estimated at more than $840 billion.
  • Philippines (10/09) 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Filipino Culture is influenced by Asian, European, American and Islamic culture.^ It has a rich history combining Asian, European, and American influences.
  • Department of Tourism - The Philippines Ultimate Travel Guide for Tourist 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.visitmyphilippines.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Americans later arrived and introduced further cultural changes, which made the Filipinos more and more different from the peoples of other Southeast Asian countries.
  • Philippines | The Filipino Friends Blog 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC thefilipinofriends.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As a result of intermarriage, many Filipinos have some Asian mainland, Spanish, American, Arab, or Indian ancestry.
  • Philippines (10/09) 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Filipino culture can be seen in the Tinikling dance which also shows distinctive influence from the Indonesians, the dance is mistakenly known as the national dance because of its popularity, the dance is demonstrated by two or more people holding two or more bamboo sticks known as Kawayan, then they start moving the bamboo sticks as the dancers put their foot in between the bamboo sticks quickly out and in.^ People from the Philippines are called Filipinos but they are also known as Pinoy .
  • Center for International Rehabilitation Research Information and Exchange: Understanding Persons of Philippine Origin: A Primer for Rehabilitation Service Providers 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC cirrie.buffalo.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Dance is a mixture of Filipino and Spanish cultures.
  • Culture of The Philippines - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, wedding, tribe, population, religion 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Philippines, Do not be fooled by them just because of "Money" I dont care if they spend 800.00 to 1,000.00 there a month, I spend more than that in one week and I treat the filipino people and the custom with the utmost of respect.
  • Asia Sentinel - Korea Invades the Philippines 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.asiasentinel.com [Source type: Original source]

.Hispanic, European and American influence can be seen in all fields of a modern Filipino's life.^ Seemingly less dangerous than the all-American “God-Hates-Fags” route is the Filipino Catholic Church’s focus on a specific type of family unit.
  • In “Gay Friendly” Philippines, Lesbians Still Forced to Keep it in the Closet 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.autostraddle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It has a rich history combining Asian, European, and American influences.
  • Department of Tourism - The Philippines Ultimate Travel Guide for Tourist 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.visitmyphilippines.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Cockfighting and boxing are popular spectator sports, and American influence is seen in the wide popularity of baseball and basketball.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Watch the award-winning movie Himala(1982) (Himala means Miracle in Tagalog), by Ricky Lee and was starred by award-winning actress Nora Aunor, the movie was acclaimed Best Film of All Time by CNN APSA Viewers Choice Award as well as Asia-Pacific Film Festival Special Achievement for Best Depiction of Socially Involved Religion.^ Jana Mattioli is set to direct, and the movie will premiere at the Hoboken International Film Festival in June 2010.
  • Philippines Hub | Philippines Gay Blog Report | Towleroad, News Daily for Gay Guys. 6 February 2010 12:55 UTC www.towleroad.com [Source type: General]

^ Give now each team the grace to play their best, To be a good sport, And to realize that win, lose or tie, We all come away winners in creation.
  • Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs. Juan Manuel Marquez (Free Live Streaming): Team Pilipinas defeats Chinese Taipei NT, 77-70 (Game Replay Video, Photos and Game Statistics) 23 September 2009 0:50 UTC teampilipinas.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I would like to congratulate all the winners of the first Asia Pacific Blog Awards spearheaded by Nuffnang Singapore.

.Read Jose Rizal's two novels Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo both which were written during the Spanish occupation, Jose Rizal considered as a National Hero in the Philippines after fearlessly speaking out against the Spanish.^ Doctor Jose Rizal is the national hero.
  • Culture of The Philippines - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, wedding, tribe, population, religion 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Towards the latter half of the 19th century, European-educated Filipinos or ilustrados (such as the Chinese Filipino national hero Jose Rizal) began to criticize the excesses of Spanish rule and instilled a new sense of national identity.
  • Philippines (10/09) 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Maundy Thursday – three days before Easter Good Friday – two days before Easter Easter Sunday April 9 – Day of Valor May 1 – Labor Day June 12 – Independence Day (from Spanish rule) November 30 – Bonifacio Day (death anniversary of Philippine hero Andres Bonifacio) December 30 – Rizal Day (death anniversary of national hero Jose Rizal) Filipinos prepare festive food during the Christmas season and fiestas.
  • Center for International Rehabilitation Research Information and Exchange: Understanding Persons of Philippine Origin: A Primer for Rehabilitation Service Providers 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC cirrie.buffalo.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Try Kamayan, a literal meaning for eating with hands, while in the Philippines, it would make the Filipino experience better.^ Make no mistake though even though I prefer Filipino women over any other Asian women that does not mean I still wouldn't go for a Chinese, Japanese, Vietnamese or Thai if we were compatible, you better believe I would hit that.
  • Filipina Hot Babes [Archive] - Boxing Forum 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC www.boxingscene.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I would rate most well-known Philippine beaches even better than the beaches of Thailand.
  • Visit the gorgeous Islands and Beaches of the Philippines » nomad4ever 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.nomad4ever.com [Source type: General]

^ Asked whether Japan or the USA would make the more vindictive enemy, Laurel, the first and only president of the wartime Philippine republic, answered that Japan would.
  • The Philippines Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about The Philippines 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.
  • Manila - the national capital and is part of what is called the greater Metropolitan Manila area (Metro Manila).
  • Bacolod - the city of smiles and land of the sweet tooth.
  • Baguio - the country's summer capital (cool weather), well-maintained parks and views and home of the indigenous "Igorot" peoples
  • Cebu - known as the Queen City of the South, Cebu is the first established indigenous settlement discovered by the west in the Philippines
  • Cagayan de Oro - known as the City of Golden Friendship, it is popular for whitewater rafting and is the gateway to Northern Mindanao.
  • Davao - one of the largest cities in the world in terms of land area
  • Tagbilaran City, Bohol - site of the Blood Compact Treaty between Spanish conquistador Miguel Lopez de Legazpi and Rajah Sikatuna representing the Bohol-anon people (of Bohol).
  • Vigan - historic Spanish town, north of the Philippines and about 5 hours drive or bus ride from Manila.^ Manila, located on east central Luzon Island, is the national capital and largest city.
    • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ BAGUIO The country's summer capital, Baguio City, stands amidst the mountainous region of the Cordillera.
    • Department of Tourism - The Philippines Ultimate Travel Guide for Tourist 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.visitmyphilippines.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ And discovery home to the worlds largest Pearl.
    • The Philippines: The Longest Way Home 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC thelongestwayhome.com [Source type: Original source]

    A UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  • Zamboanga City- also known as the Asia's Latin City which comes alive during the Fiesta Pilar

Regions

There are a total of 79 provinces in the Philippines that can be divided among three main island groups:
Regions of the Philippines
Regions of the Philippines
Luzon (Luzon, Palawan, Mindoro, Marinduque, Masbate)
The northernmost island group, center of government, history and economy and home to the capital
Visayas (Negros, Cebu (island), Bohol, Leyte)
The central island group, heart of the country’s antiquity, nature and biodiversity
Mindanao (Mindanao, Basilan)
the southernmost island group, which showcases the Philippines’ indigenous and rich cultures
The Mayon volcano, near Bicol
The Mayon volcano, near Bicol
.On entering the Philippines foreigners from most countries [2] automatically get a free 3-week tourist visa.^ Most of these are underground guerrillas, of whom liberates the country through assassination of the foreign looting politicians.
  • Philippines - eRepublik Official Wiki 6 February 2010 12:55 UTC wiki.erepublik.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ That is, the U.S. investors had the right to be treated as equals of Philippine nationals, not as investors from any other foreign country.
  • Philippines | The Filipino Friends Blog 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC thefilipinofriends.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Philippine marketing people have foreigners especially tourist in their target market along with overseas workers who have good income too.
  • "Moving to the Philippines ~ Living, Retire, Travel to the Philippines" 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.livinginthephilippines.com [Source type: Original source]

.If intending on staying longer you should apply for a visa extension.^ If you want to stay over 21 days or for life there are visa requirements.
  • "Moving to the Philippines ~ Living, Retire, Travel to the Philippines" 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.livinginthephilippines.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But just come over, work all that out later if you want to stay longer as many do.
  • "Moving to the Philippines ~ Living, Retire, Travel to the Philippines" 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.livinginthephilippines.com [Source type: Original source]

.Each visa extension is valid for 59 days, except the first which is 38 days (i.e 59-21).^ For stays of less than 21 days, no visas are required, provided travelers have a valid passport, good for at least one year and onward tickets departing the Philippines.
  • The Philippines, Islands of Paradise; Republic of The Philippines 20 September 2009 11:58 UTC zamboanga.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If you want to stay over 21 days or for life there are visa requirements.
  • "Moving to the Philippines ~ Living, Retire, Travel to the Philippines" 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.livinginthephilippines.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But for less than 21 days even a visa is not required.
  • "Moving to the Philippines ~ Living, Retire, Travel to the Philippines" 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.livinginthephilippines.com [Source type: Original source]

.Effective 27 May 2009, all passengers regardless of citizenship or residence must fill-out the new machine-readable arrival-departure card which is issued by the airline.^ If you are not that adventurous to just take off, read the visa section at and join the mailing list to get all the latest information, find out about spousal visas, fiancée visas for Filipinas, Filipinos, permanent resident visas, so may others.
  • "Moving to the Philippines ~ Living, Retire, Travel to the Philippines" 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.livinginthephilippines.com [Source type: Original source]

^ First thing in the morning they are all out there weeding, watering and breaking in new ground.

^ Naturally, any citizen who had been a resident of the Philippines during the implementation of the Citizenship Module on July 16, 2009 will have automatically the Philippine Citizenship.
  • Philippines - eRepublik Official Wiki 6 February 2010 12:55 UTC wiki.erepublik.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Unlike the previous scheme where arrival and departure cards are filled-out separately and independently from each other, the new card has a portion for arriving passengers, which will be given to the passport control officer and another part to be retained in the passport until departure.^ Most destinations, including Philippines, require that you have adequate un-used pages in your passport, allowing for any necessary stamps upon arrival and departure.
  • Philippines Visa : Application, Requirements. Apply for Philippine Visas Online. 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC philippines.visahq.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Other Spanish expeditions followed, including one from New Spain (Mexico) under López de Villalobos, who in 1542 named the islands for the infante Philip, later Philip II. Spanish Control The conquest of the Filipinos by Spain did not begin in earnest until 1564, when another expedition from New Spain, commanded by Miguel López de Legaspi , arrived.
  • The Philippines Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about The Philippines 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On the other hand, a provincial city can never be presumed to be legally independent regardless of its charter, which is restricted, and will always be legally part of its parent province by association and boundary until it is ready for legal emancipation.
  • The Philippines, Islands of Paradise; Republic of The Philippines 20 September 2009 11:58 UTC zamboanga.com [Source type: Original source]

.You can pay on departure a fine of PhP1000 per month of overstay plus the PhP2020 fee.^ You have to pay a 20 pesos tourist fee to visit or stay in the town, and they insist you have to take a guide just about everywhere.
  • The Philippines: The Longest Way Home 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC thelongestwayhome.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I pay the maid and cook $40 per month each (above average in the Philippines) plus the cost of their food.
  • "Moving to the Philippines ~ Living, Retire, Travel to the Philippines" 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.livinginthephilippines.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As I said earlier, to live in Manila, you will need $1,500 per month to live comfortably.
  • "Moving to the Philippines ~ Living, Retire, Travel to the Philippines" 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.livinginthephilippines.com [Source type: Original source]

.To avoid all the hassle, before traveling get the longer visa from the embassy (or a consulate), as this saves you a couple of days hassle during your holiday.^ If you know of any errors or omissions or have any additional information, click on the "send edits" link found next to an embassy/consulate name.
  • Overseas Embassies and Consulates of Philippines 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.embassiesabroad.com [Source type: General]

^ Hope you and your wife can give us the first French-Filipino player one day !
  • Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs. Juan Manuel Marquez (Free Live Streaming): Team Pilipinas defeats Chinese Taipei NT, 77-70 (Game Replay Video, Photos and Game Statistics) 23 September 2009 0:50 UTC teampilipinas.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The entire trip can be strenuous if you do it all in one day.
  • The Philippines: The Longest Way Home 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC thelongestwayhome.com [Source type: Original source]

.Contact the Philippine embassy of your country about the exact requirements for a visa application and opening hours of the consular section.^ The Embassy pursues the enhancement of Philippine bilateral relations with the countries under its jurisdiction by projecting the Philippines as a dynamic player in the international community.
  • Overseas Embassies and Consulates of Philippines 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.embassiesabroad.com [Source type: General]

^ Consular Information Sheets exist for all countries and include information on entry and exit requirements, currency regulations, health conditions, safety and security, crime, political disturbances, and the addresses of the U.S. embassies and consulates abroad.
  • The Philippines, Islands of Paradise; Republic of The Philippines 20 September 2009 11:58 UTC zamboanga.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Bus tickets are about $20, and if you own your own car it’s less than a 3 hour drive.
  • Cost of Living Chart – Philippines (in Peso, Dollar and Euro) » nomad4ever 6 February 2010 12:55 UTC www.nomad4ever.com [Source type: General]

.When you arrive with a visa, show it to the immigration official, so that he will actually give you the 59 days, instead of the normal 21 days, on your arrival stamp.^ When you fly in you get a stamp which gives you 21 days free pass.
  • The Philippines: The Longest Way Home 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC thelongestwayhome.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Your truck is giving off gases, particulate matter and heat that this earth doesn't need, simply because some dolt misdesigned it and you bought it.
  • Open Thread : IntentBlog 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC www.intentblog.com [Source type: General]

^ Hey, if you want a picture to show by your comment, why not get a gravatar ?
  • Cost of Living Chart – Philippines (in Peso, Dollar and Euro) » nomad4ever 6 February 2010 12:55 UTC www.nomad4ever.com [Source type: General]
  • Visit the gorgeous Islands and Beaches of the Philippines » nomad4ever 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.nomad4ever.com [Source type: General]

Bureau of Immigration offices are as follows:
-Bureau of Immigration Main Office. Magallanes Drive, Intramuros, Manila. Tel (011-63-2)527-5657.
-Bureau of Immigration Regional Office. .P Burgos Street, Tribunal, Mandaue City, Cebu.^ She has remained single her entire life, and used to reside in an old home on Sikatuna Street in Cebu City, from where she operated a successful catering business.
  • The Borromeo Family of the Philippines » TheBorromeoFamily.com 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.theborromeofamily.com [Source type: General]

Tel (011-63-32)345-6442/6443/6444.
-Bureau of Immigration Regional Office - Davao. BI Building, JP Laurel Ave., Bajada, Davao City, Tel (011-63-82)300-7258.
-Bureau of Immigration offices in other locations: [3]

By plane

Since the Philippines is an archipelago, most visitors will arrive by plane. .International travelers can fly into airports in Manila, Cebu, Davao, Clark (Angeles), Kalibo, Laoag, Subic (Zambales), and Zamboanga.^ Starting in July of this year, the seedlings will be planted along the North Luzon and the Subic-Clark-Tarlac expressways (NLEX and SCTEX) north of the capital Manila.

^ Guests traveling from Manila to Cauayan (Isabela), Tuguegarao (Cagayan Valley) and Laoag (Ilocos Norte) can avail of Cebu Pacific’s ‘Go Lite’ seat sale fare of only Php699.

^ Chris Says: May 26th, 2008 at 6:12 pm In addition to Gerry’s comments I just want to mention that the 2 main international airports are Manila and Cebu.
  • Cost of Living Chart – Philippines (in Peso, Dollar and Euro) » nomad4ever 6 February 2010 12:55 UTC www.nomad4ever.com [Source type: General]

.The Philippines, being an archipelago and therefore not connected by land to any of its neighboring countries is the usual reason why this paradise destination is skipped by many uninformed travelers.^ At that time sea levels were lower, creating land bridges that connected the Southeast Asian mainland to some of the present-day islands of the Malay Archipelago, south of the Philippine Islands.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are no land boundaries; the country is bordered on the west by the South China Sea, on the east by the Philippine Sea, on the south by the Celebes Sea, and on the north by the Luzon Strait, which separates the country from its nearest neighbor, Taiwan.
  • Culture of The Philippines - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, wedding, tribe, population, religion 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ WW2 was a disgraced for my country that's why many of them died for that.
  • Michael Marley'�s Boxing Confidential� News, Analysis, and Commentary 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC www.boxingconfidential.com [Source type: Original source]

.But below you will read about different options to reach the Philippine islands.^ So what do you think about the Philippines?
  • Visit the gorgeous Islands and Beaches of the Philippines » nomad4ever 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.nomad4ever.com [Source type: General]

^ With its numerous islands, the Philippines has a total coastline of about 36,289 km (22,549 mi).
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Especially when we have tourists like you who rave about what the Philippines has to offer.
  • Visit the gorgeous Islands and Beaches of the Philippines » nomad4ever 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.nomad4ever.com [Source type: General]

NAIA Centennial Terminal (Terminal 2)
NAIA Centennial Terminal (Terminal 2)
.If you plan to travel around the various islands, it is best to get an open jaw ticket.^ Those will help you get around, travel in comfort, and enjoy life, rather than being cooped up watching TV and doing Internet.
  • "Moving to the Philippines ~ Living, Retire, Travel to the Philippines" 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.livinginthephilippines.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When in Puerto Princesa, Palawan, one of the best you can do on a hot summer day is to check out and do some island-hopping at Honday Bay.

This can save much time back-tracking. .Most common open jaw combination fly into Manila and out of Cebu.^ But PAL-Express is mroe reliable and they fly out of the newer airport terminal here in Manila.
  • Cost of Living Chart – Philippines (in Peso, Dollar and Euro) » nomad4ever 6 February 2010 12:55 UTC www.nomad4ever.com [Source type: General]

^ If I remember correctly Cebu Pacific and Tiger Airways fly into Clark Base (a few hours north of Manila) as well, at least from Singapore.
  • Cost of Living Chart – Philippines (in Peso, Dollar and Euro) » nomad4ever 6 February 2010 12:55 UTC www.nomad4ever.com [Source type: General]

^ Tragically, this last ship out from Manila to Cebu struck an American mine and sunk with a great loss of life.
  • The Borromeo Family of the Philippines » TheBorromeoFamily.com 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.theborromeofamily.com [Source type: General]

.The cheapest option when coming from Europe or South America is transitting into Singapore (via Tiger Airways) or Hong Kong (via Cebu Pacific or Philippine Airlines) or fairly recently Kuala Lumpur (via Air Asia).^ The Asia Pacific Poker tour launch event will be August 23nd to 26th at the 5 Star Hyatt Hotel and Casino Manila in the Philippines with the 2nd event scheduled for the 27th -30th September at the Sheraton Walkerhill Hotel and Casino in Seoul, South Korea.
  • Home Poker Games - Listing of Home Poker Games in Philippines 23 January 2010 15:57 UTC www.homepokergames.com [Source type: General]

^ Find your discounted multi-stop international, around-the-world, circle-pacific, circle-asia, and circle-atlantic air tickets.
  • Overseas Embassies and Consulates of Philippines 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.embassiesabroad.com [Source type: General]

^ Philippines - Cebu - Boracay - Baguio - Manila View hotels in Philippines Philippines an exotic tourist destination in Southeast Asia boasts of several fascinating tourist destinations of the world.
  • Philippines Tourist Attractions, Philippines Travel Guides, Travel Information 18 September 2009 11:39 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In fact, the Air Asia trip from London to KL can be as low as €200 if you book a flight during off-peak season or well in advance.^ With Boracay, you should come there off season.
  • Visit the gorgeous Islands and Beaches of the Philippines » nomad4ever 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.nomad4ever.com [Source type: General]

^ We’re a well travelled couple thinking of flying Air Asia from KL to Manila for a few weeks in Nov/ Dec with our 2 1/2 year old son.
  • Visit the gorgeous Islands and Beaches of the Philippines » nomad4ever 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.nomad4ever.com [Source type: General]

^ You will be responsible for books, study guides, and for incidental costs such as postage for mailing exams to SVI for grading, as well as housing and food while in residency.
  • 2009/2010 SomaVeda Thai Yoga and Thai Massage Teacher Certification Program, course details and descriptions and cost. 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC www.thaiyogacenter.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.From KL, Cebu Pacific airlines can take you direct to Manila or you can pass by Singapore before your trip to this beautiful archipelago.^ They may become your friends and contacts, and even provide inside information , to help you before you come to the Philippines , not when it is already too late.
  • "Moving to the Philippines ~ Living, Retire, Travel to the Philippines" 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.livinginthephilippines.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If you’re going there from Manila, you can go to Boracay by taking a 50-minute Philippine Airlines flight to Kalibo, Aklan Province.
  • Philippines | The Filipino Friends Blog 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC thefilipinofriends.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The staff will make arrangements to have you picked up at the Cebu airport and driven to the north end of Cebu where you take a short ferry ride over to Bantayan.
  • Visit the gorgeous Islands and Beaches of the Philippines » nomad4ever 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.nomad4ever.com [Source type: General]

.From North America, use Philippine Airlines which has direct service from Vancouver and a stopover in Guam from San Francisco and Los Angeles.^ Until Mexico proclaimed independence from Spain in 1810, the islands were under the administrative control of Spanish North America, and there was significant migration between North America and the Philippines.
  • Philippines (10/09) 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most of the Philippine Islands are clustered in a predominantly north-south direction.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Spanish never became a widely used or learned language in the Philippines, in contrast to the Spanish colonies in the Americas, because the Spanish friars used the vernacular to introduce Catholicism to the indigenous population.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.But there are many regional carriers that can give excellent open jaw ticket options Silkair with Singapore Airlines being one.^ There are also some minor spelling changes, and the code for one of the old regions is changed.
  • Philippines Provinces 6 February 2010 12:55 UTC www.statoids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ First, they can store most of their belongings there and carry as light a bag as possible while travelling around the region.
  • Cost of Living Chart – Philippines (in Peso, Dollar and Euro) » nomad4ever 6 February 2010 12:55 UTC www.nomad4ever.com [Source type: General]

.Most visitors will fly in through the Ninoy Aquino International Airport (NAIA) in Manila.^ The country’s international airports are Ninoy Aquino International Airport in Manila and Mactan International Airport near the city of Cebu.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Chris Says: May 26th, 2008 at 6:12 pm In addition to Gerry’s comments I just want to mention that the 2 main international airports are Manila and Cebu.
  • Cost of Living Chart – Philippines (in Peso, Dollar and Euro) » nomad4ever 6 February 2010 12:55 UTC www.nomad4ever.com [Source type: General]

^ But PAL-Express is mroe reliable and they fly out of the newer airport terminal here in Manila.
  • Cost of Living Chart – Philippines (in Peso, Dollar and Euro) » nomad4ever 6 February 2010 12:55 UTC www.nomad4ever.com [Source type: General]

NAIA has three terminals. .Terminal 2 is exclusively used by Philippine Airlines for its International and Domestic flight networks.^ Avail the lowest promotional fare on Domestic and International Airline Tickets .
  • Philippine Hotels - Best Price Hotels in the Philippines with Instant Confirmation and Last Minute Bookings 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.southtravels.com [Source type: General]

^ The Egmont Group, the international network of financial intelligence units, admitted the Philippines to its membership in June 2005.
  • Philippines (10/09) 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If you’re going there from Manila, you can go to Boracay by taking a 50-minute Philippine Airlines flight to Kalibo, Aklan Province.
  • Philippines | The Filipino Friends Blog 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC thefilipinofriends.com [Source type: Original source]

.Terminal 1 is used by airlines that fly to international destinations.^ The old domestic terminal where all the other domestic airlines fly out is simply too crowded and chaotic.
  • Cost of Living Chart – Philippines (in Peso, Dollar and Euro) » nomad4ever 6 February 2010 12:55 UTC www.nomad4ever.com [Source type: General]

.The Manila Domestic Passenger Terminal is used by airlines that fly to domestic destinations.^ But PAL-Express is mroe reliable and they fly out of the newer airport terminal here in Manila.
  • Cost of Living Chart – Philippines (in Peso, Dollar and Euro) » nomad4ever 6 February 2010 12:55 UTC www.nomad4ever.com [Source type: General]

^ Subic Bay International Airport, near Manila, serves international commercial flights as well as domestic passenger flights.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The old domestic terminal where all the other domestic airlines fly out is simply too crowded and chaotic.
  • Cost of Living Chart – Philippines (in Peso, Dollar and Euro) » nomad4ever 6 February 2010 12:55 UTC www.nomad4ever.com [Source type: General]

Terminal 3, the largest and most modern of the terminals , is open to Cebu Pacific, PAL Express and AirPhilippines operations.
.Major airlines that fly to Manila include KLM, which have daily connections from Amsterdam coming from Europe; Northwest Airlines, which has various connections from the United States via Japan; Singapore Airlines with multiple connections each day to Singapore, and Cathay Pacific which offers multiple flights a day to Hong Kong and further into the the Chinese Mainland.^ The draft treaty did not include use of Clark Air Base, which had been so heavily damaged by the 1991 eruption of Mount Pinatubo that the United States decided to abandon it.
  • Philippines (10/09) 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When the United States defeated Spain in 1898, the Philippine Islands were divided into four gobiernos (governments): Bisayas, Islas Adjacentes (present-day Palawan), Luzon, and Mindanao.
  • Philippines Provinces 6 February 2010 12:55 UTC www.statoids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The archipelago was invaded by Japan during World War II. After the war, the United States granted independence on 1946-07-04.
  • Philippines Provinces 6 February 2010 12:55 UTC www.statoids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Budget carrier Jet Air Asia operates flights from Singapore to Manila unlike other low cost carriers which fly to Clark (see below).^ Budgets, posted by members, are on the Link, "Cost of Living, Houses, Food and Other Expenses."
  • "Moving to the Philippines ~ Living, Retire, Travel to the Philippines" 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.livinginthephilippines.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In Manila, Peter and the other volunteers helped in the relief operations of Sagip Kapamilya of ABS-CBN, the country’s biggest media network.

^ We’re a well travelled couple thinking of flying Air Asia from KL to Manila for a few weeks in Nov/ Dec with our 2 1/2 year old son.
  • Visit the gorgeous Islands and Beaches of the Philippines » nomad4ever 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.nomad4ever.com [Source type: General]

Major airlines that fly into Manila include (as of January 2010):
  • Air Macau, 6/F, 134 Min Sheng East Road, Section 3, Taipei, Taiwan, (886-2) 25454716 (), [4]. (Macau)  edit
  • Air Niugini, Jackson International Airport, +(675) 327 3396 (). (Port Moresby)  edit
  • Asiana Airlines, [5]. .(Busan,Seoul)  edit
  • Cathay Pacific, Suite 1808, 18th floor, Tower 6 The Gateway, Harbour City, 9 Canton Road, Tsim Sha Tsui, Kowloon, Hong Kong, (852) 2747-1888 (Mon-Fri:0700-2300, [6].^ Cebu Pacific Promo - Domestic Connections to Hong Kong, Singapore, Taipei, and Macau Seat Sale Phlist.com .

    ^ Philippine Honorary Consulate in South Florida       send edits 1635 Miami Road, suite #3 Fort Lauderdale, FL 33316 City: Miami Phone: (954) 524-2610 Web Site: http://www.philippineconsulateofsouthflorida.com/ Office Hours: Mon.
    • Overseas Embassies and Consulates of Philippines 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.embassiesabroad.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Jan 27, Cebu Pacific Promo -Domestic Connections to Hong Kong, Singapore, Taipei, Macau .

    Mon-Fri:0830-1800, Public Holidays:0900-1300. .(Hong Kong  edit
  • Cebu Pacific, (+63)27020888, [7].^ Cebu Pacific Promo - Domestic Connections to Hong Kong, Singapore, Taipei, and Macau Seat Sale Phlist.com .

    ^ Jan 27, Cebu Pacific Promo -Domestic Connections to Hong Kong, Singapore, Taipei, Macau .

    ^ Intelsat (1 Indian Ocean and 2 Pacific Ocean); submarine cables to Hong Kong, Guam, Singapore, Taiwan, and Japan .
    • CIA - The World Factbook -- Philippines 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.umsl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .(Bangkok, Guangzhou, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Jakarta, Kuala Lumpur, Macau, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai, Singapore, Taipei, Xiamen)  edit
  • China Airlines, [8].^ Embassy of Philippines in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia       send edits No.
    • Overseas Embassies and Consulates of Philippines 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.embassiesabroad.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Philippine Consulate in Hong Kong, China .
    • Overseas Embassies and Consulates of Philippines 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.embassiesabroad.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Taiwan, China and Hong Kong are northern neighbors and further north is Japan.
    • Department of Tourism - The Philippines Ultimate Travel Guide for Tourist 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.visitmyphilippines.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    (Kaohsiung, Taipei-Taoyuan)  edit
  • China Southern Airlines, [9]. (Beijing, Guangzhou, Xiamen)  edit
  • Continental Airlines, [10]. (Guam,Koror  edit
  • Emirates, [11]. (Dubai)  edit
  • Etihad Airways, [12]. (Abu Dhabi)  edit
  • EVA Air, [13]. TaipeiTaoyuan  edit
  • Gulf Air, [14]. (Manama)  edit
  • Hawaiian Airlines, [15]. (Honululu)  edit
  • Hong Kong Express Airways, [16]. .(Hong Kong)  edit
  • Japan Airlines, [17].^ Taiwan, China and Hong Kong are northern neighbors and further north is Japan.
    • Department of Tourism - The Philippines Ultimate Travel Guide for Tourist 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.visitmyphilippines.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ China 25.7%, US 12.7%, Japan 12.4%, Hong Kong 8.7%, Singapore 6.9%, Malaysia 4.4% (2008) .
    • CIA - The World Factbook -- Philippines 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC www.cia.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    (Tokyo-Narita)  edit
  • Northwest Airlines. (Detroit, Nagoya-Centrair, Tokyo-Narita)  edit
  • Jetstar Asia Airways (Singapore)
  • KLM Royal Dutch Airlines (Amsterdam)
  • Korean Air (Seoul-Incheon, Busan)
  • Kuwait Airways (Bangkok, Kuwait)
  • Malaysia Airlines (Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur)
  • Northwest Airlines (Detroit, Honululu, Nagoya-Centrair, Tokyo-Narita)
  • Philippine Airlines (Bangkok, Beijing, Busan, Chengdu, Chongging, Fukuoka, Guam, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Honolulu, Jakarta, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Melbourne, Nagoya-Centrair, Okinawa, Osaka-Kansai, San Francisco, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Singapore, Sydney, Taipei-Taiwan Taoyuan, Tokyo-Narita, Vancouver, Xiamen)
  • Qantas (Brisbane, Sydney)
  • Qatar Airways (Doha)
  • Royal Brunei (Bandar Seri Begawan)
  • Saudi Arabian Airlines (Dammam, Jeddah, Riyadh)
  • Singapore Airlines (Singapore)
  • Thai Airways International (Bangkok, Osaka-Kansai)
.From either international airport, passengers can connect to domestic flights.^ Subic Bay International Airport, near Manila, serves international commercial flights as well as domestic passenger flights.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Philippine Airlines domestic flights leave from the same airport (Terminal 2), Cebu Pacific, PAL Express and Air Philippines fly out of Terminal 3 while other domestic airlines fly out of the old domestic airport.^ The national air carrier is Philippine Airlines (PAL).
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But PAL-Express is mroe reliable and they fly out of the newer airport terminal here in Manila.
  • Cost of Living Chart – Philippines (in Peso, Dollar and Euro) » nomad4ever 6 February 2010 12:55 UTC www.nomad4ever.com [Source type: General]

^ The old domestic terminal where all the other domestic airlines fly out is simply too crowded and chaotic.
  • Cost of Living Chart – Philippines (in Peso, Dollar and Euro) » nomad4ever 6 February 2010 12:55 UTC www.nomad4ever.com [Source type: General]

.The Diosdado Macapagal International Airport in Clark, Angeles City is where budget airlines like Air Asia (from Kuala Lumpur and Kota Kinabalu) and Tiger Airways (from Singapore and Macau) fly to, aside from that it also receives direct flights from Hong Kong and Korea.^ Find your discounted multi-stop international, around-the-world, circle-pacific, circle-asia, and circle-atlantic air tickets.
  • Overseas Embassies and Consulates of Philippines 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.embassiesabroad.com [Source type: General]

^ Principal purchasers of the country’s exports are the United States, Japan, Singapore, The Netherlands, Hong Kong, Germany, and Thailand; leading sources of imports are Japan, the United States, Singapore, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Germany, and Malaysia.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What are the in-country air fare prices like: with so many islands and my sea-sickness I could see a flight or 2 happening!
  • Cost of Living Chart – Philippines (in Peso, Dollar and Euro) » nomad4ever 6 February 2010 12:55 UTC www.nomad4ever.com [Source type: General]

.Clark is located to the north of Metro Manila, about 1 to 2 hours by bus.^ Clark is about an hour and a half away from Manila.
  • Cost of Living Chart – Philippines (in Peso, Dollar and Euro) » nomad4ever 6 February 2010 12:55 UTC www.nomad4ever.com [Source type: General]

^ Starting in July of this year, the seedlings will be planted along the North Luzon and the Subic-Clark-Tarlac expressways (NLEX and SCTEX) north of the capital Manila.

^ Bus tickets are about $20, and if you own your own car it’s less than a 3 hour drive.
  • Cost of Living Chart – Philippines (in Peso, Dollar and Euro) » nomad4ever 6 February 2010 12:55 UTC www.nomad4ever.com [Source type: General]

.Currently Cebu Pacific operates domestic flights to Cebu-Mactan airport, and South East Asian Airlines operates flights to Boracay's Caticlan airport.^ The Philippines has one of the highest literacy rates in the East Asian and Pacific area.
  • The Philippines, Islands of Paradise; Republic of The Philippines 20 September 2009 11:58 UTC zamboanga.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There are daily flights from Clark Airport to Caticlan Airport (Boracay), visit http://flyseair.com about $130 roundtrip.
  • Cost of Living Chart – Philippines (in Peso, Dollar and Euro) » nomad4ever 6 February 2010 12:55 UTC www.nomad4ever.com [Source type: General]

^ Filipino membership in the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN), a regional trade organization, is an important factor in the development of trade policies.
  • Culture of The Philippines - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, wedding, tribe, population, religion 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Philippine Airlines and Cebu Pacific are currently awaiting approval to open up new hubs/focus cities at Diosdado Macapagal International Airport.^ CBS News this morning, thought I'd share how open and transparent the new adminstration is shaping up to be; .
  • Open Thread : IntentBlog 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC www.intentblog.com [Source type: General]

^ The List is hosted in Cebu City, Cebu Island, but covers the Philippines, most of which I have traveled and lived.
  • "Moving to the Philippines ~ Living, Retire, Travel to the Philippines" 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.livinginthephilippines.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Today's charted city status in the new-constitution Philippines is accorded in the same way as it was in the commonwealth era, by the sole Act of Congress.
  • The Philippines, Islands of Paradise; Republic of The Philippines 20 September 2009 11:58 UTC zamboanga.com [Source type: Original source]

.It is set to replace the Ninoy Aquino International Airport as the country's premier gateway in 10 years time.^ The country’s international airports are Ninoy Aquino International Airport in Manila and Mactan International Airport near the city of Cebu.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In August 1991, negotiators from the two countries reached agreement on a draft treaty providing for use of Subic Bay Naval Base by U.S. forces for 10 years.
  • Philippines (10/09) 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 74 - Designation of Clark Special Economic Zone as the future site of a premier international airport .
  • Department of Tourism - The Philippines Ultimate Travel Guide for Tourist 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.visitmyphilippines.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Department of Tourism - The Philippines Ultimate Travel Guide for Tourist 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.visitmyphilippines.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Mactan-Cebu International Airport in Cebu on the island of Mactan, is the second busiest airport with various domestic and international connections.^ On the Philippine island of Zugbo (now Cebu), Magellan secured the baptism of the local chieftain, Humabon, and then supported Humabon in waging a battle against a rival chieftain, Lapulapu of Mactan.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Subic Bay International Airport, near Manila, serves international commercial flights as well as domestic passenger flights.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The country’s international airports are Ninoy Aquino International Airport in Manila and Mactan International Airport near the city of Cebu.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Major airlines that have regular flights in and out of Cebu include (as of August 2007):
Domestic
  • Air Philippines (Bacolod, Davao, General Santos, Iloilo, Manila)
  • Asian Spirit (Cagayan de Oro, Malay, Manila)
  • Cebu Pacific (Bacolod, Cagayan de Oro, Davao, Iloilo, Kalibo, Manila, Manila-Clark, Puerto Princesa, Zamboanga)
  • Philippine Airlines (Manila)
  • South East Asian Airlines (Bislig, Cotabato, Malay, Mambajao, Manila-Clark, Siargao, Tagbilaran and Zamboanga City)
  • Zest Airways ( Zamboanga City to Malaysia and Bandar Seri Bengawan )
International
  • Asian Spirit (Koror-Palau)
  • Asiana Airlines (Seoul-Incheon)
  • Cathay Pacific (Hong Kong)
  • Cebu Pacific (Busan, Hong Kong, Seoul-Incheon, Singapore, Taipei-Taiwan Taoyuan)
  • Mandarin Airlines (Kaoshiung, Taipei-Taiwan Taoyuan)
  • China Eastern Airlines (Shanghai-Pudong)
  • Korean Air (Seoul-Incheon)
  • Malaysia Airlines (Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur)
  • Philippine Airlines (Seoul-Incheon, Tokyo-Narita)
  • Qatar Airways (Doha)
  • Silk Air (Singapore)
.Most visitors usually fly in through the Mactan-Cebu airport if their intended destination is within the Visayas (for Boracay and Bohol) and Mindanao regions.^ Two sub-regions created within Western Mindanao region.
  • Philippines Provinces 6 February 2010 12:55 UTC www.statoids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In Cebu City in the Central Visayan Region, more than 70 persons were killed through December.
  • Philippines 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Carlos Borromeo III is believed to have been born in Iloilo, Panay (yet another island within the Visayas region) in 1770 and to have settled in Bacolod, Negros.
  • The Borromeo Family of the Philippines » TheBorromeoFamily.com 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.theborromeofamily.com [Source type: General]

.The Francisco Bangoy International Airport in Davao City on the island of Mindanao receives direct flights from Seoul in South Korea, Singapore, Manado and Gorontalo in Indonesia, and Palau in Micronesia and seasonal flights from Macau.^ Mindanao, Davao City, slopes of Mt.
  • Ethnologue report for Philippines 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.ethnologue.com [Source type: General]

^ Mindanao, the second largest island, is in the south.
  • Culture of The Philippines - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, wedding, tribe, population, religion 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Central Mindanao region renamed to SOCCSKSARGEN, an acronym for SOuth Cotabato, Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat, and SARangani provinces and GENeral santos chartered city.
  • Philippines Provinces 6 February 2010 12:55 UTC www.statoids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Flights operated by Air Asia are to begin next year, from Kuala Lumpur.^ We’re a well travelled couple thinking of flying Air Asia from KL to Manila for a few weeks in Nov/ Dec with our 2 1/2 year old son.
  • Visit the gorgeous Islands and Beaches of the Philippines » nomad4ever 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.nomad4ever.com [Source type: General]

.The Kalibo Airport in Kalibo in the province of Aklan, a gateway to Boracay, receives direct flights from Seoul in South Korea and Shanghai in China.^ If you’re going there from Manila, you can go to Boracay by taking a 50-minute Philippine Airlines flight to Kalibo, Aklan Province.
  • Philippines | The Filipino Friends Blog 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC thefilipinofriends.com [Source type: Original source]

^ South Korea, accounting for $1.2 billion of the $3.5 billion in investments that entered the Philippines in 2006, is now also the nation’s biggest source of foreign direct investment, followed by the US and Japan.
  • Asia Sentinel - Korea Invades the Philippines 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.asiasentinel.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A smaller number of women were occasionally trafficked from China, South Korea, Japan, and Russia to the country for sexual exploitation.
  • Philippines 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Laoag International Airport in Laoag City in the province of Ilocos Norte receives direct flights from Guangzhou in China.^ Says: July 12th, 2008 at 11:01 pm Pagudpud is on the North – an hour drive from Laoag City, Capital of Ilocos Norte.
  • Visit the gorgeous Islands and Beaches of the Philippines » nomad4ever 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.nomad4ever.com [Source type: General]

^ Subic Bay International Airport, near Manila, serves international commercial flights as well as domestic passenger flights.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The country’s international airports are Ninoy Aquino International Airport in Manila and Mactan International Airport near the city of Cebu.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Subic Bay International Airport in Subic in the province of Zambales receives direct flights from Taipei in Taiwan, Pacific Pearl Airways, a Charter Airline currently offers flights to Kalibo, Cebu, Puerto Princesa and parts of South Korea.^ Included flights are major local tourist destinations such as Boracay (Kalibo), Puerto Princesa, Busuanga, Naga, Legazpi, San Jose (Mindoro), Tagbilaran (Bohol), Cebu, Laoag (Ilocos Norte), Siargao, Cagayan de Oro and Davao.

^ A large bulk of this figure is courtesy of Hanjin Heavy Industries and Construction Co., which is building a $1 billion shipyard – the fourth-largest in the world – inside the Subic Bay Freeport Zone in Zambales Province north of Manila.
  • Asia Sentinel - Korea Invades the Philippines 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.asiasentinel.com [Source type: Original source]

^ South Korea, accounting for $1.2 billion of the $3.5 billion in investments that entered the Philippines in 2006, is now also the nation’s biggest source of foreign direct investment, followed by the US and Japan.
  • Asia Sentinel - Korea Invades the Philippines 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.asiasentinel.com [Source type: Original source]

The Zamboanga International Airport in Zamboanga City on the Zamboanga Peninsula will soon receive direct flights from Sandakan in Malaysia beginning in April 23, 2007.

Get around

By plane

.Philippine Airlines [18] and Air Philippines [19], Cebu Pacific [20], SEAIR [21], Asian Spirit [22] and Interisland Airlines [23] are some of the airlines that operate domestic flights.^ The Philippines has one of the highest literacy rates in the East Asian and Pacific area.
  • The Philippines, Islands of Paradise; Republic of The Philippines 20 September 2009 11:58 UTC zamboanga.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The PCSD, in cooperation with the Earth Council, sponsored the Meeting of the National Councils for Sustainable Development in Asia and the Pacific (APNCSD) on June 18-19, 1995.
  • Country Profile - Philippines 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

^ The Philippines also participated in Operation Iraqi Freedom, deploying some 50 troops to Iraq in 2003.
  • Philippines (10/09) 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Philippines, Islands of Paradise; Republic of The Philippines 20 September 2009 11:58 UTC zamboanga.com [Source type: Original source]

.Philippine Airlines, Air Philippines and Cebu Pacific serve most large cities, while smaller operators like SEAIR, Asian Spirit and Interisland Airlines typically fly to popular resort destinations.^ Most destinations, including Philippines, require that you have adequate un-used pages in your passport, allowing for any necessary stamps upon arrival and departure.
  • Philippines Visa : Application, Requirements. Apply for Philippine Visas Online. 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC philippines.visahq.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As a rule, Philippine provinces are either part or all of a large island, along with some number of entire smaller nearby islands.
  • Philippines Provinces 6 February 2010 12:55 UTC www.statoids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The 24-member Philippine Senate is elected at large, and all senators serve six-year terms.
  • Philippines (10/09) 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

By train

.Within Metro Manila, there is a network of light railway systems that connect various portions of the metropolis.^ There has been no reported case of swine or avian flues in CERV’s placement areas of San Agustin, Romblon and Quezon City in Metro Manila.

^ The Virlanie Foundation, a local child protection NGO, estimated that there were at least 20,000 child prostitutes in the country, most in the Metro Manila area.
  • Philippines 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There were reports of widespread corruption among prison guards and, to some extent, at higher levels of authority within the prison system.
  • Philippines 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

LRT1 Line covers Taft Avenue in Manila to Monumento in Caloocan. LRT2 Line, meanwhile covers Manggahan, Pasig to Recto Avenue in Manila. Third train system is the MRT1 which spans EDSA starting from North Ave. in .Quezon City to Taft Avenue in Manila.^ E Rodriguez Avenue, Quezon City .
  • Philippines Hotels, Resorts - Asia Travel Hotels Air Tickets Reservation, Hotels and Resorts in Philippines 6 February 2010 12:55 UTC www.asiatravel.com [Source type: General]

^ Timog Avenue, Quezon City .
  • Philippines Hotels, Resorts - Asia Travel Hotels Air Tickets Reservation, Hotels and Resorts in Philippines 6 February 2010 12:55 UTC www.asiatravel.com [Source type: General]

^ There has been no reported case of swine or avian flues in CERV’s placement areas of San Agustin, Romblon and Quezon City in Metro Manila.

.This mode of transport is top choice among travelers for they are cheaper and faster compared to other land-based transportation.^ Here is one of their TV commercials: Chooks To Go TV Commercial Based on the current market price, their chicken is cheaper than the other famous brand.

^ "They traveled east to Vera Cruz where they boarded another ship, or traveled by land until Louisiana," wrote Mateo (1999).
  • Center for International Rehabilitation Research Information and Exchange: Understanding Persons of Philippine Origin: A Primer for Rehabilitation Service Providers 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC cirrie.buffalo.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It operates from 6am to 12midnight daily.
.The Philippine National Railways network in the south is currently under rehabilitation.^ South Korea, accounting for $1.2 billion of the $3.5 billion in investments that entered the Philippines in 2006, is now also the nation’s biggest source of foreign direct investment, followed by the US and Japan.
  • Asia Sentinel - Korea Invades the Philippines 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.asiasentinel.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A national program on land-based sources of pollution is currently being conceptualized to integrate Philippine initiatives and commitments to both the ASEAN and COBSEA Regional Programs and NGO initiatives under the auspices of the Advisory Committee on the Protection of Seas (ACOPS).
  • Country Profile - Philippines 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

By car

.There are major car rental companies such as Avis, Hertz and Budget have offices in Metro Manila, notably at the airport.^ There has been no reported case of swine or avian flues in CERV’s placement areas of San Agustin, Romblon and Quezon City in Metro Manila.

^ The Virlanie Foundation, a local child protection NGO, estimated that there were at least 20,000 child prostitutes in the country, most in the Metro Manila area.
  • Philippines 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ BUDGET HOTELS IN METRO MANILA .
  • Philippines Hotels, Resorts - Asia Travel Hotels Air Tickets Reservation, Hotels and Resorts in Philippines 6 February 2010 12:55 UTC www.asiatravel.com [Source type: General]

These companies have chauffeur driven rentals available and prices are bound to be reasonable.
.Due to heavy traffic in Metro Manila, certain areas of the city have laws that restrict certain vehicles based on the day of the week and the ending number of your vehicle's license plate (this plan is called "Color Coding", though it has nothing to do with the color of your vehicle).^ DSWD operated two assisted living centers in Metro Manila, and five community based vocational centers for persons with disabilities nationwide.
  • Philippines 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Administrative subdivisions: 16 regions and Metro Manila (National Capital Region), 80 provinces, 120 cities.
  • Philippines (10/09) 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Both adults and children were trafficked domestically from poor, rural, areas in the southern and central parts of the country to major urban centers, especially Metro Manila and Cebu, but also increasingly to cities in Mindanao.
  • Philippines 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Philippines 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

For example: Cars with license plates ending in 1 or 2 cannot drive between the hours of 7AM and 7PM on Mondays on most main roads. .Be sure to check with a local contact or the car rental agency/hotel concierge about whether these rules will apply to your vehicle, especially as foreigners driving can become targets for less scrupulous traffic aides.^ Philippine marketing people have foreigners especially tourist in their target market along with overseas workers who have good income too.
  • "Moving to the Philippines ~ Living, Retire, Travel to the Philippines" 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.livinginthephilippines.com [Source type: Original source]

.Travel from Metro Manila to various provinces in Luzon will typically start off from either the North(NLEX) or South(SLEX) Expressways.^ Luzon, south Mountain Province, Luzon.
  • Ethnologue report for Philippines 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.ethnologue.com [Source type: General]

^ Luzon, south Kalinga Province.
  • Ethnologue report for Philippines 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.ethnologue.com [Source type: General]

^ Luzon, south Ifugao Province.
  • Ethnologue report for Philippines 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.ethnologue.com [Source type: General]

These are tollways with good paved roads. .Farthest tolls will not cost more than a few dollars from Metro Manila.^ In Manila, housing can cost much more.
  • "Moving to the Philippines ~ Living, Retire, Travel to the Philippines" 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.livinginthephilippines.com [Source type: Original source]

^ More than a hundred thousand victims are staying in evacuation centers in Manila and neighboring areas.

^ Only a few more days left before I have to go back to Manila.

.From the expressways, national highways and provincial roads connect to the major cities and provinces.^ Constitutional Government: 117 Chartered Cities, 79 Provinces, 131 Provincial Cities, 1,497 Municipalities, and 41,994 Barangays, .
  • The Philippines, Islands of Paradise; Republic of The Philippines 20 September 2009 11:58 UTC zamboanga.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Pan-Philippine Highway, also called the Maharlika Highway, is a system of roads, bridges, and ferries that connects the islands of Luzon, Samar, Leyte, and Mindanao.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Administrative subdivisions: 16 regions and Metro Manila (National Capital Region), 80 provinces, 120 cities.
  • Philippines (10/09) 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Another main highway system built in the northern part of Luzon is SCTEX or Subic-Clark-Tarlac Expressway which is a 94-kilometer 4-lane freeway.^ Starting in July of this year, the seedlings will be planted along the North Luzon and the Subic-Clark-Tarlac expressways (NLEX and SCTEX) north of the capital Manila.

^ The Pan-Philippine Highway, also called the Maharlika Highway, is a system of roads, bridges, and ferries that connects the islands of Luzon, Samar, Leyte, and Mindanao.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After the land bridges disappeared, immigrants from Indo-China brought copper and bronze and built the rice terraces at Benaue in northern Luzon.
  • Culture of The Philippines - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, wedding, tribe, population, religion 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Bridges and ferries connect the major islands together.^ The Pan-Philippine Highway, also called the Maharlika Highway, is a system of roads, bridges, and ferries that connects the islands of Luzon, Samar, Leyte, and Mindanao.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Early inhabitants are believed to have reached the area over land bridges connecting the islands to Malaysia and China.
  • Culture of The Philippines - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, wedding, tribe, population, religion 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The most easterly of the Visayas, Samar is connected by bridge to the adjacent island of Leyte; both islands are relatively undeveloped and have dense jungle forests.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Roads vary greatly in quality from the paved multi-lane highways to narrow dirt roads, which further complicates travel by car

By taxi

.Taxis are generally available within the major cities but are usually not used for travel across the various provinces and regions.^ Administrative subdivisions: 16 regions and Metro Manila (National Capital Region), 80 provinces, 120 cities.
  • Philippines (10/09) 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Central Mindanao region renamed to SOCCSKSARGEN, an acronym for SOuth Cotabato, Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat, and SARangani provinces and GENeral santos chartered city.
  • Philippines Provinces 6 February 2010 12:55 UTC www.statoids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Basilan province moved from Western Mindanao region to Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, except for Isabela city, which remained in Western Mindanao.
  • Philippines Provinces 6 February 2010 12:55 UTC www.statoids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Some FX (shared taxis), however, usually ply provincial routes.^ I was able to try the service out while inside a taxi and shared it to some students during workshop class.

You can also call reputable Taxi companies that can arrange pickups and transfers as well as airport runs.
Basic Taxi Company Tel: 02 9001447 Tel: 02 6427777 Tel: 02 6437777
When hailing a taxi in the cities, ensure the meter is on and pay the metered fare. A tip of 10 pesos is acceptable. .Also, make sure you have small denomination banknotes, as the drivers often claim not to have change in an effort to obtain a larger tip!^ If you enjoyed this post, make sure you subscribe to my RSS feed !
  • Visit the gorgeous Islands and Beaches of the Philippines » nomad4ever 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.nomad4ever.com [Source type: General]

Moreover, don't be surprised if drivers want to bypass the meter during rush hour.

By bus

.Apart from flying, buses are usually the way to go when it comes to traveling across the Philippines, at least from within the major islands.^ Pre-Spanish Period The first people in the Philippines, the Negritos, are believed to have come to the islands 30,000 years ago from Borneo and Sumatra, making their way across then-existing land bridges.
  • Philippines (10/09) 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, a majority thereof, including the Chairman, shall be Members of the Philippine Bar who have been engaged in the practice of law for at least ten years.
  • Constitution of the Philippines (1973) - Wikisource 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC en.wikisource.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The List is hosted in Cebu City, Cebu Island, but covers the Philippines, most of which I have traveled and lived.
  • "Moving to the Philippines ~ Living, Retire, Travel to the Philippines" 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.livinginthephilippines.com [Source type: Original source]

.Provincial bus companies have scheduled trips from Manila to provinces to the north and south.^ San Agustin is CERV-Philippines’s provincial placement, located on the archipelagic province of Romblon south of the country’s main Luzon island.

^ Palawan Province, Cagayan Island, between Negros and Palawan; Palawan coastal communities; south Palawan, Balabac island, Quezon and Rizal communities; north Palawan, Busuanga region, Coron Municipality.
  • Ethnologue report for Philippines 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.ethnologue.com [Source type: General]

^ Bus traffic from Manila to the provinces increases dramatically at these times, with hundreds of extra buses taking people home to their families.
  • Culture of The Philippines - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, wedding, tribe, population, religion 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.
  • Major Provincial Bus Companies:
    • ALPS The Bus, Inc.[24] -- Southern Tagalog Region.^ Southern Tagalog Region: Part 1 .
      • Department of Tourism - The Philippines Ultimate Travel Guide for Tourist 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.visitmyphilippines.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ Southern Tagalog Region: Part 2 .
      • Department of Tourism - The Philippines Ultimate Travel Guide for Tourist 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.visitmyphilippines.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ The remainder of Southern Tagalog region split into CALABARZON (IV-A, no center designated) and MIMAROPA (IV-B, Quezon City).
      • Philippines Provinces 6 February 2010 12:55 UTC www.statoids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      The bus company have daily departures from Batangas to Alabang; Batangas to Lawton; Batangas to Pasay; Batangas to Cubao/Kamias; Cubao to Iloilo; Cubao to Estancia and vise versa. .You can travel safely and conveniently with the everyday low fares on ALPS. They can be contacted via web: www.alpsthebus.com; e-mail: info@alpsthebus.com; Telephone: +6343-7239033
    • JAM Bus Co -- Southern Tagalog Region
    • Five Star -- Ilocos Region
    • Victory Liner -- Ilocos Region, Baguio and Zambales
    • Saulog Transit -- Baguio, Olongapo, Cavite
    • Partas -- Ilocos Region
    • Farinas -- Ilocos Region
    • Dagupan Bus Co.^ For more info visit: www.samarislands.com "Something new from UN Village, N. Samar, pristine Philippines!"
      • "Moving to the Philippines ~ Living, Retire, Travel to the Philippines" 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.livinginthephilippines.com [Source type: Original source]

      ^ You will find out more on the website and if you join our free mailing list , Living, Retiring Traveling, and Doing Business in the Philippines.
      • "Moving to the Philippines ~ Living, Retire, Travel to the Philippines" 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.livinginthephilippines.com [Source type: Original source]

      ^ The names of the new regions are acronyms for the provinces they contain (CAvite, LAguna, BAtangas, Rizal, queZON; MIndoro, MArinduque, ROmblon, PAlawan).
      • Philippines Provinces 6 February 2010 12:55 UTC www.statoids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      -- Ilocos Region
    • Philtranco -- Bicol, Eastern Visayas, Northern, Eastern, and Southern Mindanao
    • Rural Transit -- Mindanao
    • Rural Tours -- Mindanao
    • Bachelor Tours -- Northern Mindanao
    • Super-5 -- Northern Mindanao
.Roll-on, Roll-off ferries have also made inter-island travel by bus possible.^ The typhoon also caused the sinking of the Philippines’ biggest ferry ship, Sulpicio Lines’ Princess of the Stars off San Fernando, Sibuyan Island in Romblon.

^ Yeah, there are many nice and lonely islands out there, it pays to travel a bit off the beaten track, finding your own special paradise.
  • Visit the gorgeous Islands and Beaches of the Philippines » nomad4ever 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.nomad4ever.com [Source type: General]

By boat

WG&A SuperFerry and a number of other companies operate interisland ferries. .There is a convenient Friday overnight ferry trip to Coron, Palawan.^ Coron, Palawan – I was there a few weeks ago this month.
  • Visit the gorgeous Islands and Beaches of the Philippines » nomad4ever 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.nomad4ever.com [Source type: General]

^ Palawan – Coron is a must, although there are other magnificent places further South (Tubattaha Reef).
  • Visit the gorgeous Islands and Beaches of the Philippines » nomad4ever 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.nomad4ever.com [Source type: General]

.This allows divers to spend the weekend in Coron and take the Sunday night ferry trip back to Manila, arriving around noon.^ Related Posts Ayala Terraces in Cebu Going back to the Mooon DigitalFilipino.com Club and Bloggers Networking Event in Cebu Weekend Trip to Cebu Mooon Cafe in Ayala Terraces I want to meet bloggers from Cebu Da Vinci’s Pizza in Cebu Dinos Alive in Manila… .

You can also stay on a Cruise Ship that's exploring around the Coron area. The 7107 Island Cruise Ship takes passengers around Coron and some of its private islands.
.Ferry trips to other islands can take over 24 hours, depending on distance.^ There are heaps of coves and little beaches far away from the maddening crowds (Puka, Diniwid and Angol beaches amongst others), and take a day trip to Carabao Island in nearby Romblon.
  • Visit the gorgeous Islands and Beaches of the Philippines » nomad4ever 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.nomad4ever.com [Source type: General]

^ I got asked more than 20 times in 24 hours if I wanted to go island hopping by touts.
  • Visit the gorgeous Islands and Beaches of the Philippines » nomad4ever 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.nomad4ever.com [Source type: General]

.Other major ferry companies include: Sulpicio Lines, Negros Navigation, Trans Asia Shipping Lines, and Cebu Ferries.^ The typhoon also caused the sinking of the Philippines’ biggest ferry ship, Sulpicio Lines’ Princess of the Stars off San Fernando, Sibuyan Island in Romblon.

^ But they also do other investigations for major companies, can check on titles, businesses, individuals with whom it is safe to do business.
  • "Moving to the Philippines ~ Living, Retire, Travel to the Philippines" 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.livinginthephilippines.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Other dance companies include Ballet Philippines (formerly the Modern Dance Company), Hariraya Ballet Company, Dance Theater Philippines, and Pamana Ballet (formerly the Anita Kane Ballet Company).
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Oceanjet is a reliable company offering fast ferries throughout the Visayas at affordable prices.
.Schedule Information is difficult to obtain - newspapers often contain pages with ads on certain days, but, believe it or not, most people rely on word-of-outh.^ Consular Affairs Publications , which contain information on obtaining passports and planning a safe trip abroad, are also available at http://www.travel.state.gov .
  • Philippines (10/09) 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Philippines, Islands of Paradise; Republic of The Philippines 20 September 2009 11:58 UTC zamboanga.com [Source type: Original source]

^ However, since most people are getting their fill of information on the web, social media should also be a part of your promotional strategies.

^ The law provides certain protections for squatters; eviction was often difficult, especially because politicians recognized squatters' voting power.
  • Philippines 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Philippines 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Warning: If the boat appears to be over capacity, do not board. Always check the latest weather reports before travel by ferry, as some captains are willing to sail even when a typhoon is approaching. .Bringing your own life preserver is strongly recommended (but no substitute for common sense).^ And if you have the right one, she will bring joy and happiness into your heart and life.
  • "Moving to the Philippines ~ Living, Retire, Travel to the Philippines" 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.livinginthephilippines.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It forces you to reflect on your own relationships in life, especially those with "hang-ups" in different sets of relationships.

Travel by boat should not be considered safer than air travel.
Jeepneys
Jeepneys are the most known transportation to all Filipinos. They are the most affordable transport in the Philippines. (Cost about 7 pesos per 4 km and additional 1 peso per km). They stop if you wave at them.
.The jeepney is by far the most affordable way to get around most major urban areas.^ United States forces soon secured major ports, lowland areas, and urban centers.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Remnants of the Jeep used by the American troops during World War II, the innovative Filipinos modified the jeep (by lengthening the body and adding horizontal seats) to seat as many as 20 people (10 per side).^ Filipinos fought alongside Americans during World War II, particularly at the famous battle of Bataan and Corregidor which delayed Japanese advance and saved Australia.
  • Department of Tourism - The Philippines Ultimate Travel Guide for Tourist 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.visitmyphilippines.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The archipelago was invaded by Japan during World War II. After the war, the United States granted independence on 1946-07-04.
  • Philippines Provinces 6 February 2010 12:55 UTC www.statoids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some areas of the city were destroyed during World War II, when the country was invaded by Japan and then liberated by the United States.
  • Culture of The Philippines - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, wedding, tribe, population, religion 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Within Manila, you will find multiple Jeepneys per route, for added convenience. In the provinces, Jeepneys also connect towns and cities. For longer distances, however, buses are more comfortable.
Also worthy of mention are the tricycles and the pedicabs or in other words Rickshaw; however, this may not be to the liking of most foreigners, as these are cramped and quite open to traffic. These means of transport are usually used for very short distances. Tricycles are different from Pedicabs, Tricycles use motor while pedicabs are manually used with the help of bicycles.
Travel Warning
WARNING: The jeepneys, tricycles and pedicabs are meant for small people. Seating is cramped, even for locals, who are, on average, smaller by Western standards. .Jeepney drivers/operators often insist on seating the vehicle to full capacity (say, eight per side) even if there's a very large person seated.^ The remainder of the House seats are designated for sectoral party representatives elected at large, called party list representatives; from the May 2004 elections, there were 24 such representatives in the House.
  • The Philippines, Islands of Paradise; Republic of The Philippines 20 September 2009 11:58 UTC zamboanga.com [Source type: Original source]

Consider this if you're overweight or 6 feet or taller. Watch your head when boarding as the roof is low (compared to a bus). Also, drivers often don't look to see if anyone is boarding before driving off. .As you board, you need to evaluate every half second whether you're going to abort or hang on to the vehicle if it starts to move.^ Nowadays you don’t need to go to a college to have a degree, because with the help of the internet you can now have an online degree.

^ To get your business off the ground, you’re going to have to master the art of promoting.

^ If you’re too busy running the business, it’s going to be quite a challenge to shift between managing the company and planning how you’re going to do social media marketing.

.If you're not in good physical shape, don't even try it.^ Baby D...try to decompress in the Caymans...you're way to young to get your blood pressure up like that...
  • Open Thread : IntentBlog 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC www.intentblog.com [Source type: General]

^ If you don’t like the kiteboarding and want some good waves, head over to Surigao Island for the best surfing in the Philippines.
  • Visit the gorgeous Islands and Beaches of the Philippines » nomad4ever 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.nomad4ever.com [Source type: General]

^ But then, even Camiguin offers plenty of variety (volcano, trekking, hot and cold springs) and if you are both into diving, you should try Malapascua .
  • Visit the gorgeous Islands and Beaches of the Philippines » nomad4ever 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.nomad4ever.com [Source type: General]

Talk

.The Philippines has two official languages: English and Filipino.^ Filipino and English are the primary languages of instruction.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ National or official languages: Filipino, English.
  • Ethnologue report for Philippines 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.ethnologue.com [Source type: General]

^ English and Filipino (formerly spelled Pilipino) are the official languages.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Filipino is mainly based on the Tagalog language (a relative of Malay), with heavy Spanish, Cebuano, Malay, Chinese (Hokkien), Hindi, Tamil, Sanskrit, Arabic, and American English influences.^ Filipino is largely based on Tagalog, with many words adopted from other languages, including English and Spanish.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The official languages are English and Filipino (formerly spelled Pilipino), which is based on the indigenous Tagalog language.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The official languages are Filipino, which is based on Tagalog with words from other native languages, and English.
  • Culture of The Philippines - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, wedding, tribe, population, religion 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Filipino is the language spoken in the Central Luzon and Southern Tagalog regions as well as the National Capital Region (NCR) or Metro Manila.^ Manila, located on east central Luzon Island, is the national capital and largest city.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Aurora province moved from Southern Tagalog region to Central Luzon.
  • Philippines Provinces 6 February 2010 12:55 UTC www.statoids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ National or official languages: Filipino, English.
  • Ethnologue report for Philippines 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.ethnologue.com [Source type: General]

.In the Northern Luzon provinces, Ilocano is the most common language spoken.^ The most widely spoken are Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Hiligaynon, Bicol, Waray-Waray, Pampangan, Pangasinan, and Maranao.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Luzon has a broad central valley in the northern provinces along the Cagayan River and plains in the midlands near Manila, the capital.
  • Culture of The Philippines - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, wedding, tribe, population, religion 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The provinces of Pangasinan and Pampanga also have their own languages. .Further south of Metro Manila lies the Bicol Region where Bikolano is used.^ Farther south the important rice-growing region of the Central Luzon Valley, well irrigated by numerous rivers, extends from Lingayen Gulf to Manila Bay.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the Southern Islands of Visayas and Mindanao, Cebuano is the most common language spoken.^ The Muslim population of the Philippines lives mostly in the southern islands of Mindanao and the Sulu Archipelago.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Philippines can be divided into three geographic areas: the northern islands of Luzon and Mindoro, the central islands of the Visayan Islands (Visayas) and Palawan, and the southern islands of Mindanao and the Sulu Archipelago.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Three dialects are of national importance: Cebuano in the southern islands, Ilocano in the north, and Tagalog, the language of the National Capital Region.
  • Culture of The Philippines - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, wedding, tribe, population, religion 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Other minor languages in the south include Hiligaynon and Waray.^ Other major groups are the Ilongos, who speak Hiligaynon; the Bicolanos, who speak Bicol; the Waray-Waray; the Pampangans; and the Pangasinans.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Although English is an official language of the Philippines and a compulsory subject in school, it is in practice used more often by the richer and better educated when making formal speeches and it would be awkward if a Filipino speaks English to a fellow Filipino in informal situations.^ Filipino and English are the primary languages of instruction.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Filipino is a required subject in schools, but English is more commonly used in higher education.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some Filipinos are trilingual, speaking an indigenous language, Filipino, and English.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Tourists however won't have problems using English when making inquiries from commercial and government establishments.^ English is also commonly used in government and commerce.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Despite its rhetoric, however, the government did not make much progress in implementing its “pro-poor” platform.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since only 55 percent of residents speak Filipino fluently, English is used in colleges, universities, the courts, and the government.
  • Culture of The Philippines - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, wedding, tribe, population, religion 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A few simple phrases in Filipino will come in handy when traveling to rural places as English proficiency is limited there.^ There are also some Spanish names bestowed by the colonists, and a few that have been translated into English.
  • Philippines Provinces 6 February 2010 12:55 UTC www.statoids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Many Spanish words survive in many of the local languages.^ Filipino is largely based on Tagalog, with many words adopted from other languages, including English and Spanish.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Spanish is no longer widely understood. .Nonetheless, Spanish is still spoken by a small Spanish ethnic minority, particularly older members who were educated when Spanish was used as the language of government and higher education.^ Languages: Pilipino (based on Tagalog), national language; English, language of government and instruction in education.
  • The Philippines, Islands of Paradise; Republic of The Philippines 20 September 2009 11:58 UTC zamboanga.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Only a few Filipino families use Spanish as a first language.
  • The Philippines, Islands of Paradise; Republic of The Philippines 20 September 2009 11:58 UTC zamboanga.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Spanish was taught as a compulsory language until 1968 but is seldom used today.
  • Culture of The Philippines - traditional, history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, wedding, tribe, population, religion 28 January 2010 0:39 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Younger Spanish-Filipinos tend to speak Filipino languages and/or English as their primary language.^ Filipino and English are the primary languages of instruction.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some Filipinos are trilingual, speaking an indigenous language, Filipino, and English.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many Filipinos continue to primarily speak their indigenous language, rather than Filipino.
  • Philippines - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta 12 September 2009 9:42 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There are some other ethnic groups who reside in the country, particularly in more urbanized areas like Manila.^ These legal facts are hard to be grasped by some lay people who try to impose upon others their understanding of the Act of Congress on their encyclopedia website.