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Philodromidae: Wikis


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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Philodromus sp.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Superfamily: Thomisoidea
Family: Philodromidae
Thorell, 1870

many more, see text

29 genera, 522 species

Philodromidae is a family of spiders commonly known as philodromid crab spiders or running crab spiders. This family is superficially similar to the "true" crab spiders in the family Thomisidae.

However, studies have shown that these families are not as closely related as previously thought. Unlike thomisids, philodromids tend to have few true setae (hairs or spines) on their bodies. They also lack the congruent eye tubercles of some thomisids. The second legs are usually the longer of the four pairs of walking legs and in the genus Ebo this is quite extreme, with the second pair of legs in some species twice as long as the first pair.

The most common genus is Philodromus which, like Ebo is widespread. Other common genera include the elongate grass-dwelling Tibellus and the widespread Thanatus, which includes the widely distributed Holarctic house crab spider Thanatus vulgaris. This species commonly captures flies on and in buildings.

The family contains over 500 species in nearly 30 genera. Most are dull colored- brown, gray, yellowish or mottled, and seldom reach above 10 mm in body length. Most have a leaf-like cardiac mark on the anterior dorsal abdomen. None of the species build webs, but they do use silk for draglines and for egg sacs.



The categorization into subfamilies follows Joel Hallan's Biology Catalog.

  • Pedinopisthinae
  • Pagiopalus Simon, 1900 (Hawai'i)
  • Pedinopistha Karsch, 1880 (Hawai'i)
  • Philodrominae
  • Apollophanes O. P-Cambridge, 1898 (USA to Panama, India, Russia, Korea)
  • Bacillocnemis Mello-Leitão, 1938 (Argentina)
  • Berlandiella Mello-Leitão, 1929 (Brazil)
  • Cleocnemis Simon, 1886 (South America)
  • Ebo Keyserling, 1884 (Argentina, North America, India, Russia, Israel)
  • Eminella Özdikmen, 2007 (Argentina) - renamed from Catuna Mello-Leitão, 1940
  • Fageia Mello-Leitão, 1929 (Brazil)
  • Gephyrellula Strand, 1932 (Brazil)
  • Gephyrina Simon, 1895 (South America)
  • Gephyrota Strand, 1932 (Africa, Asia)
  • Hirriusa Strand, 1932 (Africa)
  • Metacleocnemis Mello-Leitão, 1929 (Brazil)
  • Paracleocnemis Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1942 (Argentina)
  • Paratibellus Simon, 1932 (Europe to Central Asia)
  • Petrichus Simon, 1886 (South America)
  • Philodromops Mello-Leitão, 1943 (Brazil)
  • Philodromus Walckenaer, 1826 (236 species; Holarctic, America, Australia, Africa, southern Asia)
  • Procleocnemis Mello-Leitão, 1929 (Brazil)
  • Suemus Simon, 1895 (Africa, Vietnam)
  • Thanatus C. L. Koch, 1837 (Africa, Holarctic, South America)
  • Tibellus Simon, 1875 (Africa, America, Holarctic, southern Asia)
  • Tibitanus Simon, 1907 (Africa)
  • Vacchellia Caporiacco, 1935 (Karakorum)
  • Pselloninae
  • Psellonus Simon, 1897 (India)
  • Pseudopsellonus Balogh, 1936 (New Guinea)
  • Senoculifer Balogh, 1936 (New Guinea)
  • Euthanatus Petrunkevitch, 1950 † (fossil)
  • Filiolella Petrunkevitch, 1955 † (fossil)
  • Medela Petrunkevitch, 1942 † (fossil)


See also

External links



Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies


Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Classis: Arachnida
Ordo: Araneae
Subordo: Opisthothelae
Infraordo: Araneomorphae
Taxon: Neocribellatae
Series: Entelegynae
Sectio: Dionycha
Superfamilia: Thomisoidea
Familia: Philodromidae
Subfamiliae: Pedinopisthinae - Philodrominae - Pselloninae - incertae sedis
Genera: Apollophanes - Bacillocnemis - Berlandiella - Cleocnemis - Ebo - Eminella - Fageia - Gephyrellula - Gephyrina - Gephyrota - Hirriusa - Metacleocnemis - Pagiopalus - Paratibellus - Pedinopistha - Petrichus - Philodromops - Philodromus - Procleocnemis - Psellonus - Pseudopsellonus - Senoculifer - Suemus - Thanatus - Tibellus - Tibitanus - Vacchellia


Philodromidae Thorell, 1870


  • Muster, C. 2009: Phylogenetic relationships within Philodromidae, with a taxonomic revision of Philodromus subgenus Artanes in the western Palearctic (Arachnida: Araneae). Invertebrate systematics, 23: 135-169.
  • Platnick, N. I. 2009. The World Spider Catalog, version 9.5. American Museum of Natural History. [1]
  • Joel Hallan's Biology Catalog

Vernacular names

English: Philodromid crab spider
한국어: 새우게거미과
日本語: エビグモ科
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Philodromidae on Wikimedia Commons.


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