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Phormium tenax: Wikis

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Phormium tenax
A tui on a stalk of P. tenax flowers.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Hemerocallidaceae
Genus: Phormium
Species: P. tenax
Binomial name
Phormium tenax
J.R.Forst.. & G.Forst.

Phormium tenax (harakeke in Māori, New Zealand flax) is an evergreen perennial plant native to New Zealand and Norfolk Island that is an important fibre plant and a popular ornamental plant.[1] The plant grows as a clump of long, straplike leaves, up to two meters long, from which arises a much taller flowering shoot, with dramatic yellow or red flowers.[1]

Contents

Ecology

The jumping spider Trite planiceps lives predominantly in the rolled-up leaves of this species. Phormium tenax is a coastal cover plant associated with significant habitat such as the breeding habitat for the endangered Yellow-eyed Penguin.[2]

Cultivars

Several forms of this species have been selected for cultivation including:[3]

  • 'Bronze Baby' - arching bronze leaves, 2 to 3 foot plant.
  • 'Dazzler' - arching leaves that are bronze-maroon with red and pink stripes, plant reaches 3 feet in height.
  • 'Sundrowner' - 6 foot tall plant, leaves are striped with bronze, green and rose-pink.

References

  1. ^ a b Roger Holmes and Lance Walheim. 2005. California Home Landscaping, Creative Homeowner Press ISBN 9781580112543
  2. ^ C. Michael Hogan. 2009. Yellow-eyed Penguin: Megadypes antipodes, GlobalTwitcher.com, ed. N. Stromberg
  3. ^ Frances Tenenbaum. 2003. "Taylor's Encyclopedia of Garden Plants", Houghton Mifflin Company ISBN 0618226443

Further reading

  • James Hector. 1889. Phormium tenax as a fibrous plant, second edition, New Zealand. Geological Survey Dept, New Zealand, published by G. Didsbury, Government Printer, 95 pages
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Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales
Familia: Hemerocallidaceae
Genus: Phormium
Species: Phormium tenax

Name

Phormium tenax J.R.Forst. & G.Forst., Char. Gen. Pl. 48, t. 24. 1776.

Synonyms

  • Chlamydia tenacissima Gaertn., Fruct. sem. pl. vol. 1, 71. t. 18. 1788.
  • Phormium alpinum Hort. ex Wien. Ill. Gart.-Zeit. 15:448, 1890 nom. inval.
  • Phormium atropurpureum Hort., Vilm. Blumengärtn., ed. 3. 1: 1072, in syn. 1895.
  • Phormium flaccidum Hort. ex Wien. Ill. Gart.-Zeit. 15:448, 1890 nom. inval.
  • Phormium hursthonsii Hort. ex Wien. Ill. Gart.-Zeit. 15:448, 1890 nom. inval.
  • Phormium ramosum Billb., in Linnerska Samfund vol. 1, 1832, 22. 1833.
  • Phormium robustum Hort. ex Wien. Ill. Gart.-Zeit. 15:448, 1890 nom. inval.

References

  • Landcare Research New Zealand Limited. Flora of New Zealand. 2009 Mar 04 [1].

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