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Phrynus marginemaculatus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropods
Class: Arachnids
Order: Amblypygi
Family: Phrynidae
Genus: Phrynus
Species: P.Marginemaculatus
Binomial name
Phrynus marginemaculatus

Phrynus marginemaculatus , also known as the Tailless whip-scorpion, is neither fully scorpion or fully a spider. it resembles a cross between both. They can also be called amblypygids which means they lack a tail that many other similar species carry. They are found all over the world, mostly in tropical and subtropical climates. They are nocturnal animals, and during the day they hide in small humid places where they are hard to spot.

Contents

Appearance

The Phrynus marginemaculatus`s body can measure up to 5 cm long, however, its front legs can reach all the way up to 25 cm long. It has three pairs of legs used as sensory organs for hunting and moving at night. Its cephalothorax is wider then it is long, consisting of one pair of eyes on the front and 3 more pairs on the sides. They have no fangs, but instead have pincer-like pedipalps.

Behavior

They use their 3 pairs of legs to move side-ways as a crab would. Also, to feed on their prey, they capture them using their pedipalps then eating them with "fang-like" teeth. They are known to be one of the few species of arachnids that show social behavior. They take care of their young by walking in groups with them and comforting them with their legs.

Reproduction

To reproduce, the male Phrynus marginemaculatus courts the female with his long front pair of legs. he puts in a sperm packet into the female by guiding her over him using his front legs. She then places it inside her sex duct producing from 6 to up to 60 eggs. The female will then carry all hatched younglings on her back until they are grown enough to set off on their own.

References

http://www.thewildclassroom.com/biomes/speciesprofile/species/amblypigid.html

http://www.angelfire.com/oh3/elytraandantenna/USInsects/arthropods/Arthropods.html

http://www.everythingabout.net/articles/biology/animals/arthropods/arachnids/tailless_whipscorpion/

http://www.exotic-pets.co.uk/tail-less-whip-scorpion.html

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