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Chanca piedra
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Phyllanthaceae
Genus: Phyllanthus
Species: P. niruri
Binomial name
Phyllanthus niruri
L.
Synonyms

Phyllanthus amarus

The annual herb Phyllanthus niruri is best known by the common names Stonebreaker(Eng.), Chanca Piedra(Sp.) and Quebra Pedra(Port.), Seed-Under-Leaf(Eng.) but has many other common names in assorted languages, including dukong anak, dukong-dukong anak, amin buah, rami buah, turi hutan, and bhuiaonla and கீழாநெல்லி(Tam.).The herb is known as Nela Nelli in Kannada. It is a widespread tropical plant commonly found in coastal areas. It is a relative of the spurges, belonging to the leafflower genus of Family Phyllanthaceae.

Contents

Growth

Phyllanthus niruri

It grows 50 to 70 centimeters tall and bears ascending herbaceous branches. The bark is smooth and light green. It bears numerous pale green flowers which are often flushed with red. The fruits are tiny, smooth capsules containing seeds.

Medicinal uses

Extracts of this herb have shown promise in treating a wide range of human diseases. Some of the medicinal properties suggested by numerous preclinical trials are anti-hepatotoxic, anti-lithic, anti-hypertensive, anti-HIV and anti-hepatitis B.[1][2] However, human trials have yet to show efficacy against Hepatitis B virus. [3]

The plant has long been used in Brazil as an herbal remedy for Kidney stones. Reseach among sufferers of Kidney stones has shown that, while intake of Phyllanthus niruri didn't lead to a significant difference in either stone voiding or pain levels, it may reduce urinary calcium, a contributing factor to stone growth.[4] In addition, one study conducted on rats showed that an aqueous solution of Phyllanthus niruri may inhibit kidney stone growth and formation in animals who already have stones.[5]

References

  1. ^ Bagalkotkar G, Sagineedu SR, Saad MS, Stanslas J (December 2006). "Phytochemicals from Phyllanthus niruri Linn. and their pharmacological properties: a review". The Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 58 (12): 1559–70. doi:10.1211/jpp.58.12.0001. PMID 17331318. 
  2. ^ Naik AD, Juvekar AR (September 2003). "Effects of alkaloidal extract of Phyllanthus niruri on HIV replication". Indian Journal of Medical Sciences 57 (9): 387–93. PMID 14515028. http://www.indianjmedsci.org/article.asp?issn=0019-5359;year=2003;volume=57;issue=9;spage=387;epage=93;aulast=Naik. Retrieved 2009-06-20. 
  3. ^ http://healthlibrary.epnet.com/GetContent.aspx?token=e0498803-7f62-4563-8d47-5fe33da65dd4&chunkiid=21845#P2 What Is the Scientific Evidence for Phyllanthus?
  4. ^ Nishiura JL, Campos AH, Boim MA, Heilberg IP, Schor N (October 2004). "Phyllanthus niruri normalizes elevated urinary calcium levels in calcium stone forming (CSF) patients". Urological Research 32 (5): 362–6. doi:10.1007/s00240-004-0432-8. PMID 15221244. 
  5. ^ Freitas AM, Schor N, Boim MA (June 2002). "The effect of Phyllanthus niruri on urinary inhibitors of calcium oxalate crystallization and other factors associated with renal stone formation". BJU International 89 (9): 829–34. PMID 12010223. http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/resolve/openurl?genre=article&sid=nlm:pubmed&issn=1464-4096&date=2002&volume=89&issue=9&spage=829. Retrieved 2009-06-20. 

External links

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Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Phyllanthus niruri

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Malpighiales
Familia: Phyllanthaceae
Tribus: Phyllantheae
Subtribus: Flueggeinae
Genus: Phyllanthus
Species: Phyllanthus niruri
Subspecies: P. n. subsp. lathryroides - P. n. subsp. niruri

Name

Phyllanthus niruri L.

References

  • Species Plantarum 2:981. 1753
  • USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Data from 07-Oct-06]. 28124

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