Pierre Hadot (b. Paris, 1922) is a French philosopher specializing in ancient philosophy, particularly Neoplatonism. He was director at the École des hautes études en sciences sociales (EHESS) from 1964 to 1986 and was named professor at the Collège de France in 1982, where he held the Chair of History in Greek and Roman Thought (chaire d'histoire de la pensée hellénistique et romaine). He retired from this position to became professeur honoraire at the Collège in 1991.
He was one of the first authors to introduce Ludwig Wittgenstein's thought into France. Hadot is also famous for his analysis on the conception of philosophy during Greek Antiquity. Hadot identified and analyzed the "spiritual exercises" used in ancient philosophy (preceding Michel Foucault's interest for such practices in the second and third volumes of his History of Sexuality). By "spiritual exercises" Hadot means "practices ... intended to effect a modification and a transformation in the subject who practice them. The philosophy teacher's discourse could be presented in such a way that the disciple, as auditor, reader, or interlocutor, could make spiritual progress and transform himself within." Hadot shows that the key to understanding the original philosophical impulse is to be found in Socrates. What characterizes Socratic therapy above all is the importance given to living contact between human beings. Hadot's recurring theme is that philosophers should be judged by how they live their lives, what they do, not what they say; that philosophy is best pursued in real conversation and not through written texts and lectures; and that philosophy, as it is taught in universities today, is for the most part a distortion of its original, therapeutic impulse. He brings these concerns together in What Is Ancient Philosophy? (op cit).
(Greek translations are not included in this list.)
Pierre Hadot (born 1922) is honorary professor at the Collège de France (Chaire d'Histoire de la pensée hellénistique et romaine), perhaps the world's leading historian of ancient philosophy, and a philosopher of note in his own right (among other accomplishments, one of the first to introduce Wittgenstein to France).
Qu’est-ce que la philosophie antique? Paris: Gallimard, 1995.
Études de philosophie ancienne. Paris: Les Belles Lettres, 1998
La Philosophie comme manière de vivre: Entretiens avec Jeannie Carlier et Arnold I. Davidson. Paris: Albin Michel, 2001.
Le voile d’Isis: Essai sur l’histoire de l’idée de Nature. Paris: Gallimard, 2004.