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Pierre Mauroy


157th Prime Minister of France
8th Prime Minister of the Fifth Republic
In office
22 May 1981 – 17 July 1984
President François Mitterrand
Preceded by Raymond Barre
Succeeded by Laurent Fabius

Born 5 July 1928 (1928-07-05) (age 81)
Cartignies, Nord
Political party Socialist
Occupation Educator
Civil Servant
Religion Roman Catholic
Lionel Jospin and Pierre Mauroy, 17 October 2000.

Pierre Mauroy (born 5 July 1928) is a French Socialist politician. He served as Prime Minister under François Mitterrand from 1981 to 1984 and also served as Mayor of Lille from 1973 to 2001. Mauroy is currently emeritus mayor of Lille.

Mauroy was born in Cartignies. A teacher, he led the Socialist Young Movement and the Technique Teaching Union in the 1950s. He became a leading figure in the Socialist federation of Nord département, which was among the third biggest of the French Section of the Workers' International (SFIO) party and climbed quickly in the party. In 1966, he became number 2 of the party behind the secretary general, Guy Mollet. Nevertheless, when Mollet resigned as leader in 1969, Alain Savary was chosen to succeed him.

After the electoral disasters of 1968 and 1969, he was persuaded of the necessity to renew the party. In 1971, during the Epinay Congress, he supported François Mitterrand's advent and became the number 2 in the Socialist Party (PS). Two years later, he was elected as a deputy and Mayor of Lille.

Progressively, he criticized the ejection of former SFIO members from the important functions in aid of Mitterrand's friends. In this, he formed an alliance with Michel Rocard, the main opponent of Mitterrand, during the 1979 Metz Congress. However, Mitterrand chose him as spokesperson during the 1981 presidential campaign; after Mitterrand's election, he appointed Mauroy as Prime Minister.

His cabinet introduced social reforms including reduction of the working time to 39 hours, retirement at 60 years and a rise in allowances. However, he advocated the abandonment of the socialist economic policy, which was ratified by President Mitterrand in March 1983. Failing to restrict the financing of private schools, he resigned in 1984.

Pierre Mauroy in 2007.

In 1988, he became First Secretary of the PS against the will of Mitterrand, who supported Laurent Fabius. Until the end of his term, in 1992, he tried to appease the relations between the clans which composed the PS, notably during the very strained 1990 Rennes Congress. He allied with the rocardien group and Lionel Jospin's supporters, who came from the mitterrandist group.

President of the Socialist International from 1992 to 1999, Senator since 1992, he left the Lille belfry in 2001. Considered a moral authority of the French Left, he supported the candidacy of Ségolène Royal during the 2007 primary election.

Contents

Political career

Governmental functions

Prime minister : 1981-1984.

Electoral mandates

European Parliament

Member of European Parliament : 1979-1980 (Resignation).

National Assembly of France

Member of the National Assembly of France for Nord (department) : 1973-1981 (Became Prime minister in 1981) / 1984-1992 (Elected senator in 1992). Elected in 1973, reelected in 1978, 1981, 1984, 1986, 1988.

Senate of France

Senator of Nord (department) : Since 1992. Elected in 1992, reelected in 2001.

Regional Council

President of the Regional Council of Nord-Pas-de-Calais : 1974-1981.

Regional councillor of Nord-Pas-de-Calais : 1974-1981 / 1986-1988 (Resignation).

General Council

Vice-president of the General Council of Nord (department) : 1967-1973.

General councillor of Nord (department) : 1967-1973.

Municipal Council

Mayor of Lille : 1973-2001. Reelected in 1977, 1983, 1989, 1995.

Deputy-mayor of Lille : 1971-1973.

Municipal councillor of Lille : 1971-2008. Reelected in 1977, 1983, 1989, 1995, 2001.

Urban community Council

President of the Urban Community of Lille Métropole : 1989-2008. Reelected in 1995, 2001.

Vice-president of the Urban Community of Lille Métropole : 1971-1989. Reelected in 1977, 1983.

Member of the Urban Community of Lille Métropole : 1971-2008. Reelected in 1977, 1983, 1989, 1995, 2001.

Political function

First Secretary (leader) of the Socialist Party (France) : 1988-1992. Elected in 1988.

Mauroy's First Government, 22 May 1981 – 23 June 1981

Mauroy's Second Government, 23 June 1981 - 22 March 1983

  • Pierre Mauroy - Prime Minister
  • Claude Cheysson - Minister of External Relations
  • Charles Hernu - Minister of Defense
  • Gaston Defferre - Minister of the Interior and Decentralization
  • Jacques Delors - Minister of Economy
  • Catherine Lalumière - Minister of Consumption
  • Pierre Dreyfus - Minister of Industry
  • Jean Auroux - Minister of Labour
  • Marcel Rigout - Minister of Voational Training
  • Robert Badinter - Minister of Justice
  • Alain Savary - Minister of National Education
  • Jean Laurain - Minister of Veterans
  • Jack Lang - Minister of Culture
  • Édith Cresson - Minister of Agriculture
  • Michel Crépeau - Minister of Environment
  • André Henry - Minister of Free Time
  • Charles Fiterman - Minister of Transport
  • Jacques Ralite - Minister of Health
  • Roger Quilliot - Minister of Town Planning and Housing
  • Georges Fillioud - Minister of Communication
  • Louis Mexandeau - Minister of Posts
  • Michel Rocard - Minister of Planning and Regional Planning
  • André Delelis - Minister of Commerce and Craft Industry
  • Michel Jobert - Minister of External Commerce
  • Jean-Pierre Chevènement - Minister of Research and Technology
  • Nicole Questiaux - Minister of National Solidarity
  • Louis Le Pensec - Minister of the Sea

Changes

Mauroy's Third Government, 22 March 1983 - 17 July 1984

Changes

  • 4 October 1983 - Paul Quilès succeeds Quiliot as Minister of Town Planning and Housing.
  • 18 December 1983 - Roland Dumas enters the Cabinet as Minister of European Affairs.

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Raymond Barre
Prime Minister of France
1981–1984
Succeeded by
Laurent Fabius
Party political offices
Preceded by
Lionel Jospin
First Secretary of the French Socialist Party
1988–1991
Succeeded by
Laurent Fabius
Preceded by
Willy Brandt
President of the Socialist International
1992-1999
Succeeded by
António Guterres
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