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Pierre Soulé


In office
January 21, 1847 – March 3, 1847
March 3, 1849 – April 11, 1853
Preceded by Alexander Barrow
Henry Johnson
Succeeded by Solomon W. Downs
John Slidell

Born August 31, 1801(1801-08-31)
Castillon-en-Couserans, France
Died March 26, 1870 (aged 68)
New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.
Political party Democratic
Profession Politician, Lawyer

Pierre Soulé (August 31, 1801 – March 26, 1870) was a U.S. politician and diplomat during the mid-19th century. He is best known for his role in writing the Ostend Manifesto, which was written in 1854 as part of an attempt to annex Cuba to the United States.

Pierre Soulé

Soulé was born in Castillon-en-Couserans, a village in the French Pyrénées. He was exiled from France for revolutionary activities, allowed to return, then imprisoned several years later for his continued opposition to the government. In 1825 he escaped prison, and fled first to the United Kingdom, then to Haiti, and finally to the United States, where he settled down in New Orleans and became a lawyer.

In 1847, Soulé sat briefly in the United States Senate as a Democrat. He returned to the Senate from 1849 to 1853. He then resigned to take an appointment as U.S. Minister to Spain, a post he held until 1855.

Soulé opposed Southern secession before the American Civil War, but supported his state, Louisiana, after the war began. He was captured by Federal troops and imprisoned as a Confederate sympathizer, but was able to escape back to Confederate territory. After the war ended in 1865, he fled to Havana to escape further imprisonment.

Eventually, Soulé was allowed by the federal government to return to U.S. soil, and he died in New Orleans.

See also

References

United States Senate
Preceded by
Alexander Barrow
United States Senator (Class 2) from Louisiana
January 21, 1847 – March 3, 1847
Served alongside: Henry Johnson
Succeeded by
Solomon W. Downs
Preceded by
Henry Johnson
United States Senator (Class 3) from Louisiana
March 3, 1849 – April 11, 1853
Served alongside: Solomon W. Downs and Judah P. Benjamin
Succeeded by
John Slidell
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Daniel M. Barringer
United States Ambassador to Spain
April 7, 1853 – February 1, 1855
Succeeded by
Augustus C. Dodge
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