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Pike County, Illinois
Map of Illinois highlighting Pike County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the U.S. highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Seat Pittsfield
Largest city Pittsfield
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

849 sq mi (2,199 km²)
830 sq mi (2,150 km²)
19 sq mi (48 km²), 2.19%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

17,384
21/sq mi (8/km²)
Founded 1821
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Pike County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. As of 2000, the population was 17,384. Its county seat is Pittsfield, Illinois[1].

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 849 square miles (2,199 km²), of which 830 square miles (2,150 km²) is land and 19 square miles (48 km²) (2.19%) is water.

Pike County is located on the highlands between the Illinois River on the eastern border, and the Mississippi River on the west. It has one interstate highway, I-72, with bridges spanning both rivers to enter the county.

Major highways

Townships

Atlas, Barry, Baylis, Bedford, Cincinnati, Chambersburg, Detroit, EL Dara, Fishhook, Florence, Griggsville, Kinderhook, Levee, Martinsburg, Maysville, Milton, Montezuma, Nebo, New Canton, New Hartford, New Salem, Pearl, Perry, Pittsfield, Pleasant Hill, See Horn, Summer Hill, Time, Valley City

Adjacent counties


Pike County, Illinois, is one of the few counties in the United States to border as many as nine counties. Illinois has two such counties--Pike and LaSalle. It is also one of the few counties in the United States to border its namesake in another state--in this case, Pike County, Missouri, across the Mississippi River. Illinois has another such county--Vermilion County, Illinois, which borders Vermillion County, Indiana (note that although they are spelled differently, they are both named for the Vermilion River).

National protected area

History

Pike County was formed on January 31, 1821 out of Madison County. It was named in honor of Zebulon Pike, leader of the Pike expedition in 1806 to map out the south and west portions of the Louisiana Purchase. Pike served at the Battle of Tippecanoe, and was killed in 1813 in the War of 1812.

Prior to the coming of the first European settler to Pike County, French traders, hunters, and travelers passed through the native forests and prairies. Originally Pike County began on the south junction of the Illinois and Mississippi rivers. The east boundary was the Illinois River north to the Kankakee River to the Indiana State line on north to Wisconsin state line and then west to the Mississippi River to the original point at the south end. The first county seat was Cole's Grove, a post town, in what later became Calhoun County. The Gazetteer of Illinois and Missouri, published in 1822, mentioned Chicago as "a village of Pike County" containing 12 or 15 houses and about 60 or 70 inhabitants.

The New Philadelphia Town Site was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2005 and designated a National Historic Landmark in 2009. It was the first town founded by an African American before the American Civil War. Frank McWorter was an early free black settler in Pike County. He had invested in land there sight unseen after purchasing the first few members of his family out of slavery. In 1836 he founded the town of New Philadelphia, near Barry, Illinois. He was elected mayor and lived there the rest of his life. With the sale of land, he made enough money to purchase the freedom of his children. After the railroad bypassed the town, its growth slowed and it was eventually abandoned in the 20th century. The town site is now an archaeological dig.

In the early 21st century Pike County acquired notability as a center for the whitetail deer hunting industry, especially bowhunting.

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1900 31,595
1910 28,622 −9.4%
1920 26,866 −6.1%
1930 24,357 −9.3%
1940 25,340 4.0%
1950 22,155 −12.6%
1960 20,552 −7.2%
1970 19,185 −6.7%
1980 18,896 −1.5%
1990 17,577 −7.0%
2000 17,384 −1.1%
IL Counties 1900-1990

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 17,384 people, 6,876 households, and 4,778 families residing in the county. The population density was 21 people per square mile (8/km²). There were 8,011 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.38% White, 1.50% Black or African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.12% from other races, and 0.56% from two or more races. 0.50% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 28.2% were of American, 24.7% German, 17.5% English and 8.1% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 6,876 households out of which 30.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.50% were married couples living together, 7.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.50% were non-families. 27.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.10% under the age of 18, 7.80% from 18 to 24, 25.70% from 25 to 44, 23.20% from 45 to 64, and 19.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 98.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,127, and the median income for a family was $38,583. Males had a median income of $27,687 versus $18,440 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,946. About 9.80% of families and 12.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.70% of those under age 18 and 11.40% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns

Pike County Courthouse, Pittsfield, Illinois

Census designated places

Ghost towns

  • Straut

References

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links

Coordinates: 39°37′N 90°53′W / 39.62°N 90.89°W / 39.62; -90.89


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

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Pike County, Illinois
Map
File:Map of Illinois highlighting Pike County.png
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the USA highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1821
Seat Pittsfield
Largest City Pittsfield
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 2.19%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

17384
Time zone Central : UTC-6/-5

Pike County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. As of 2000, the population is 17,384. Its county seat is Pittsfield6.

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,199 km² (849 sq mi). 2,150 km² (830 sq mi) of it is land and 48 km² (19 sq mi) of it (2.19%) is water.

Adjacent Counties

Pike County, Illinois, is one of the few counties in the United States to border as many as 9 counties. Illinois has two such counties--Pike and LaSalle.

History

Pike County was formed in 1821 out of Madison County. It was named in honor of Zebulon Pike, leader of the Pike expedition in 1806 to map out the south and west portions of the Louisiana Purchase. Pike served at the Battle of Tippecanoe, and was killed in 1813 in the War of 1812.

Demographics

As of the census2 of 2000, there were 17,384 people, 6,876 households, and 4,778 families residing in the county. The population density was 8/km² (21/sq mi). There were 8,011 housing units at an average density of 4/km² (10/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 97.38% White, 1.50% Black or African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.12% from other races, and 0.56% from two or more races. 0.50% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 6,876 households out of which 30.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.50% were married couples living together, 7.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.50% were non-families. 27.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.10% under the age of 18, 7.80% from 18 to 24, 25.70% from 25 to 44, 23.20% from 45 to 64, and 19.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 98.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,127, and the median income for a family was $38,583. Males had a median income of $27,687 versus $18,440 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,946. About 9.80% of families and 12.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.70% of those under age 18 and 11.40% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns

Census designated places

Ghost towns

Trivia

  • Pike County, Illinois, is one of the few counties in the United States to border its namesake in another state--in this case, Pike County. Illinois has another such county--Vermilion County, which borders Vermillion County (note that they are spelled differently).
    • Pike County IL is a hotspot for Whitetail Deer hunting. Bowhunters flock to Pike county every year because they know the odds of taking a trophy whitetail are better here than almost anywhere else in the U.S.

External links

Coordinates: 39°37′N 90°53′W / 39.62, -90.89

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Pike County, Illinois. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Pike County, IllinoisRDF feed
County names Pike County, Illinois  +
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 Illinois  +
Short name Pike County  +

This article uses material from the "Pike County, Illinois" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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