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—  Municipality  —
Map of Laguna showing the location of Pila
Pila is located in Philippines
Location in the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°13′59″N 121°21′50″E / 14.23306°N 121.36389°E / 14.23306; 121.36389Coordinates: 14°13′59″N 121°21′50″E / 14.23306°N 121.36389°E / 14.23306; 121.36389
Country  Philippines
Region CALABARZON (Region IV-A)
Province Laguna
District 4th District of Laguna
Barangays 17
 - Mayor Hon.Wilfredo Maligat Quiat
 - Total 31.20 km2 (12 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 - Total 44,227
 - Density 1,417.5/km2 (3,671.4/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 4010
Income class 4th
Population Census of Pila
Census Pop. Rate
1995 31,251
2000 37,427 3.95%
2007 44,227 2.33%

Pila is a 4th class municipality in the province of Laguna, Philippines. According to the latest census, it has a population of 44,227 people in 7,750 households. Pila has a total land area of 31.2 km².

The town of Pila is site for some well-preserved houses dating back to the Spanish period as well as the old Saint Anthony of Padua Parish Church, the first Antonine church in the Philippines.

This also served as a location for the reality show, The Amazing Race Asia 2.


Pila is politically subdivided into 17 barangays.

  • Aplaya
  • Bagong Pook
  • Bukal
  • Bulilan Norte (Pob.)
  • Bulilan Sur (Pob.)
  • Concepcion
  • Labuin
  • Linga
  • Masico
  • Mojon
  • Pansol
  • Pinagbayanan
  • San Antonio
  • San Miguel
  • Santa Clara Norte (Pob.)
  • Santa Clara Sur (Pob.)
  • Tubuan


Pila and adjacent towns along the shores of Laguna de Bay are considered by archaeologists as one of the oldest settlements in the Philippines. The community is one of three such concentrations of population known archaeologically to have been in place before A.D. 1000. Archaeologists recovered in Pinagbayanan potteries and artifacts that indicate considerable settlement in the area during the Late Tang Dynasty (900 A.D.). Archaeologists also recovered ancient horse bones ending the debate on whether the Spaniards brought them or not. The scientists were able to uncover Philippines’ oldest crematorium in the same area. It is worthwhile to note that the oldest Philippine document, the 900 A.D. Laguna Copperplate Inscription, mentioned Pila twice.

The Franciscans arrived in 1578 to evangelize the people of Pila and soon afterwards built a church dedicated to St. Anthony of Padua, the first Antonine house of worship in the Philippines. Due to the nobleness and mildness of the character of its inhabitants, the Spanish leadership honored the town with an exceptional title La Noble Villa de Pila, one of five villas named by the Spaniards in the 16th and 17th century in the Philippines. During this period, the demesne of Pila includes Victoria, Laguna, and Jala-Jala, Rizal.

The Franciscans established in Pila the second printing press in the Philippines and printed in 1613, Philippines’ oldest dictionary and the first book printed using the movable type, the Vocabulario de Lengua Tagala. The book was written and compiled by Fray Pedro de San Buenaventura and printed by Tomas Pinpin, the Prince of Filipino printers. The book is twenty seven years older than the Bay Psalm Book, the first book printed in the United States in 1640.

At the beginning of the 19th century the town was transferred from Pagalangan to the present site of Santa Clara because of perennial flooding.

The National Historical Institute of the Philippines declared the town plaza and surrounding ancestral houses a National Historical Landmark on May 17, 2000. Two years later, on July 9, 2002, the Diocese of San Pablo proclaimed the parish church of San Antonio de Padua de Pila as the Diocesan Shrine of St. Anthony. According to Philippine historian, Dr. Luciano Santiago, it is the only town in the Philippines that is formally recognized as a historical site by both the church and the state.

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